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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 942-948, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985617

ABSTRACT

Objective: To grasp the epidemiological characteristics of influenza outbreaks in Guangdong Province by analyzing the outbreaks of influenza-like cases reported in Guangdong Province from January 2015 to the end of August 2022. Methods: In response to the outbreak of epidemics in Guangdong Province from 2015 to 2022, information on on-site epidemic control was collected, and epidemiological analysis was conducted to describe the characteristics of the epidemics. The factors that influence the intensity and duration of the outbreak were determined through a logistic regression model. Results: A total of 1 901 influenza outbreaks were reported in Guangdong Province, with an overall incidence of 2.05%. Most outbreak reports occurred from November to January of the following year (50.24%, 955/1 901) and from April to June (29.88%, 568/1 901). A total of 59.23% (1 126/1 901) of the outbreaks were reported in the Pearl River Delta region, and primary and secondary schools were the main places where outbreaks occurred (88.01%, 1 673/1 901). Outbreaks with 10-29 cases were the most common (66.18%, 1 258/1 901), and most outbreaks lasted less than seven days (50.93%,906/1 779). The size of the outbreak was related to the nursery school (aOR=0.38, 95%CI:0.15-0.93), the Pearl River Delta region (aOR=0.60, 95%CI:0.44-0.83), the time interval between the onset of the first case and the time of report (>7 days compared with ≤3 days: aOR=3.01, 95%CI:1.84-4.90), the influenza A(H1N1) (aOR=2.02, 95%CI:1.15-3.55) and the influenza B (Yamagata) (aOR=2.94, 95%CI: 1.50-5.76). The duration of outbreaks was related to school closures (aOR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.47-0.89), the Pearl River Delta region (aOR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.50-0.83) and the time interval between the onset of the first case and the time of report (>7 days compared with ≤3 days: aOR=13.33, 95%CI: 8.80-20.19; 4-7 days compared with ≤3 days: aOR=2.56, 95%CI: 1.81-3.61). Conclusions: An influenza outbreak in Guangdong Province exhibits two peaks, one in the winter and spring seasons and the other in the summer. Primary and secondary schools are high-risk areas, and early reporting of outbreaks is critical for controlling influenza outbreaks in schools. Furthermore, comprehensive measures should be taken to prevent the spread of the epidemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Epidemics , China/epidemiology
2.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 992-996, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985510

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine on the clinical outcomes of patients infected with the Omicron variant. Methods: A total of 1 403 Omicron-infected patients admitted to 20 designated hospitals in Guangdong Province from January 1 to May 31, 2022, were selected as subjects in this study. A case-control study was conducted to collect the demographic data, underlying disease, vaccination status, last exposure date, gene sequencing of infected strains and clinical outcomes from the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System and Guangdong telemedicine platform. Pneumonia (common, severe and critical) and non-pneumonia (asymptomatic and mild) were selected as the case group and control group. The effect of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine on the clinical outcomes of patients infected with the Omicron variant was analyzed. Results: The median age [M (Q1, Q3)] of the subjects was 36 (27-47) years old, with males accounting for 52.25% (733 cases). The main outcome of the infection was non-pneumonia, accounting for 92.09% (1 292 cases), and the duration [M (Q1, Q3)] of the disease was 18 (14-22) days. There were 134 (9.55%), 39 (2.78%), 403 (28.72%), 437 (31.15%) and 390 (27.80%) cases with no or partial vaccination, within 90 days of primary vaccination, over 90 days of primary vaccination, within 90 days of booster vaccination and over 90 days of booster vaccination, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for gender, age, underlying disease, and location of the report, compared with those with no or partial vaccination, the risk of developing pneumonia was lower in those with over 90 days of primary vaccination, within 90 days of booster vaccination and over 90 days of booster vaccination [OR (95%CI) values were 0.52 (0.28-0.98), 0.39 (0.21-0.73) and 0.40 (0.21-0.77), respectively]. Cox proportional hazard regression model analysis showed that after adjusting for gender, age, underlying disease and location of the report, the duration of the disease was shorter in those who received booster vaccinated for more than 90 days compared with that in those who had no or partial vaccination [HR (95%CI): 1.26 (1.03-1.55)]. Conclusion: The inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine affects the clinical outcomes of patients infected with the Omicron variant.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Female , Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 506-516, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Clostridium butyricum on renal tissue of db/db mice and to explore its mechanism. Methods:Fourteen-week-old db/db mice were divided into db/db group( n=10) and db/db+ Cb group( n=7) according to random number table method. Age-matched db/m mice were selected as the normal control group. The db/m and db/db mice were administered 0.9% sodium chloride solution by gavage, while the db/db+ Cb mice were administered an equivalent amount of Clostridium butyricum solution by gavage for 8 weeks. Serum creatinine , fasting blood glucose, urinary albumin to creatinine ratio(ACR) and other biochemical indicators were also detected. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of kidney tissue. The expressions of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α(PGC-1α) mRNA were detected by realtime PCR, while the expressions of nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB), glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor(GLP-1R), and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase(AMPK) in kidney tissue were determined by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. The levels of intestinal flora, serum and fecal short-chain fatty acids(SCFAs) were measured by 16S rRNA, liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometer, and gas chromatograohy-mass spectrometry respectively. Results:Compared to db/db mice, db/db+ Cb mice showed improvement in general condition after supplementation with Clostridium butyricum. Fasting blood glucose, blood urea nitrogen, albumin-to-creatinine ratio(ACR), blood creatinine, and levels of interleukin-6(IL-6) in kidney tissue were reduced(all P<0.05). The pathology showed various degrees of amelioration of kidney tissue injury in mice. The expression of PGC-1α mRNA increased in kidney tissue( P<0.05). Decreased expression of NF-κB protein, as well as increased expression of GLP-1R and phosphorylated(p-)AMPK/AMPK protein(all P<0.05) were detected in kidney tissues. Clostridium butyricum modulated the composition of the gut microbiota with elevated total SCFAs in blood and feces. Conclusion:Clostridium butyricum increased the expression of GLP-1R in kidney tissue, promoted AMPK phosphorylation, and alleviated renal tissue damage in mice. This suggests that it may be associated with regulating the abundance of SCFA-producing bacterial populations.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 4-10, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991569

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effect of Dictyophora polysaccharide on neurotoxicity induced by sodium arsenite in rats.Methods:Sixty SD rats (half males and half females) were selected and fed adaptively for one week. The rats were divided into a normal group ( n = 20, ordinary feed) and a modeling group [ n = 40, arsenic-containing feed (50 mg/kg sodium arsenite)] according to their body weight (80 - 100 g) by random number table method. After 12 weeks, the arsenic content in brain and blood of the rats ( n = 10) was measured to identify the arsenism model. After successful modeling, the rats in the modeling group were divided into Dictyophora polysaccharide group (arsenic-containing feed + 20 ml·kg -1·bw Dictyophora polysaccharide solution by gavage), and model group (arsenic-containing feed + equal volume distilled water by gavage), while the rats in the normal group (ordinary feed + equal volume distilled water by gavage) were retained, with 10 rats in each group for 4 weeks of intervention. Morris water maze test was used to assess the spatial learning and memory ability of the rats. Nissl staining was used to observe the pathological changes of the brain tissue, and the oxidative stress factors [superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), malondialdehyde (MDA)], and inflammatory cytokines [tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin -1β (IL-1β)] in the brain tissue of each group were measured. Results:Brain arsenic content of rats in the modeling group [(92.02 ± 13.37) μg/g] and blood arsenic content [(51.37 ± 19.33) μg/L] were higher than those of the normal group [(7.42 ± 3.21) μg/g and (2.74 ± 1.29) μg/L, t = - 6.91, - 6.06, P < 0.001]. The rat model of arsenic poisoning was successfully established. Compared with the normal group, the escape latency on the 1st, 3rd and 4th day and the first arrival time of rats in the model group were prolonged, the number of platform crossings was reduced, and the proportion of target quadrant residence time was decreased ( P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, the escape latency on the 4th day and the first arrival time of rats in the Dictyophora polysaccharide group were shortened, and the proportion of target quadrant residence time was prolonged ( P < 0.05). The results of Nissl staining showed that compared with the normal group, the number of Nissl bodies was decreased, the intercellular space increased, and the arrangement was disorderly in the model group; compared with the model group, the number of Nissl bodies was increased, most of the neurons were structurally intact. Compared with the normal group, the levels of SOD and GSH-Px in the brain tissue of rats in the model group were lower, and the levels of MDA, TNF-α and IL-1β were significantly higher ( P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, the levels of SOD and GSH-Px in the brain tissue of rats in the Dictyophora polysaccharide group were higher, while the levels of MDA, TNF-α and IL-1β were lower ( P < 0.05). In addition, the levels of SOD, GSH-Px, MDA and IL-1β in the Dictyophora polysaccharide group were not significantly different from those in the normal group ( P > 0.05). Conclusion:Diactyophora polysaccharide probably reduces the neurotoxicity damage caused by sodium arsenite in rats through antioxidant and antiinflammatory effects.

5.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 908-912, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988769

ABSTRACT

Postoperative complications of colorectal cancer (CRC) are the main cause of postoperative death and seriously affect the quality of life and survival time of patients. The application of a clinical prediction model for postoperative complications of CRC can help promptly identify high-risk patients. Accordingly, reasonable intervention measures can be actively taken to reduce the incidence of postoperative complications of CRC. A scientific basis can also be provided to improve the prognosis of patients. In this work, literature on the risk-factor analysis and prediction-model construction of postoperative complications of CRC at home and abroad in recent years was collected and reviewed. The evaluation content and efficiency of the clinical prediction models in postoperative complications of CRC were summarized. Their advantages and disadvantages were also analyzed. The purpose of this study was to provide a reference for the subsequent optimization of such models and the development of a strong, clinically practical, and universal risk-screening tool for postoperative complications of CRC.

6.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 268-272, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969630

ABSTRACT

Background Neurotransmitter secretion disorder induced by chronic manganese poisoning has always been one of the important causes of body injury, but the mechanism of neurotransmitter secretion disorder caused by manganese is not clear at present. Objective To investigate the effects of presynaptic membrane intracellular protein 13-1 (Munc13-1) and synapse fusion protein binding protein 18-1 (Munc18-1) on dopamine secretion dysfunction induced by manganese chloride (MnCl2) in human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells. Methods A SH-SY5Y cell model induced by MnCl2 was established. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay. Four experimental groups were set up: control group and low-, medium-, and high-dose manganese groups (0, 100, 200, and 400 μmol·L−1 MnCl2). They were treated with corresponding doses of MnCl2 for 24 h. The secretion of dopamine was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The mRNA expression of Syntaxin-1 was detected by real-time quantitaive PCR. Total cell proteins were extracted, and the protein expression levels of Munc13-1, Munc18-1, and Syntaxin-1 were detected by Western blotting. The correlations of MnCl2 exposure and dopamine secretion with the protein expressions of Munc13-1 and Munc18-1 were also analyzed by Pearson correlation. Results Compared with the control group, the cell viability rate decreased gradually with the increase of manganese exposure concentration, and the difference between the medium- and the high-dose manganese groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). The concentration of dopamine in cell culture medium of all manganese exposure groups decreased with the increase of manganese concentration, and compared with the control group and the low-dose manganese group, the medium- and the high-dose manganese groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). The expression of Syntaxin-1 at mRNA or protein level did not change significantly among groups (P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the protein expression of Munc13-1 decreased and that of Munc18-1 increased with the increase of manganese concentration (P<0.05). Compared with the low-dose manganese group, the changes of Munc13-1 protein in the high-dose manganese group and Munc18-1 protein in the medium- and high-dose manganese groups had statistical significance (P<0.05). Compared with the medium-dose manganese group, the protein changes of Munc18-1 in the high-dose manganese group were statistically significant (P<0.05). The correlation analysis showed that MnCl2 dose was negatively correlated with Munc13-1 protein expression (r=−0.898, P<0.05), and positively correlated with Munc18-1 protein expression (r=0.678, P<0.05). Dopamine secretion was positively correlated with Munc13-1 protein expression (r=0.932, P<0.05), and negatively correlated with Munc18-1 protein expression (r=−0.817, P<0.05). Conclusion The inhibition of dopamine secretion in SH-SY5Y cells induced by manganese exposure is related to up-regulation of Munc18-1 and down-regulation of Munc13-1 expression levels, which may be one of the reasons for nerve injury caused by manganese.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 2-5, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934428

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the intellectual property risk of international cooperative scientific research involving human genetic resources, explore possible risk control measures regarding to intellectual property.Methods:By means of literature review, this paper analyzes the special attributes and strategic position of human genetic resources, reviews the policies and systems involving human genetic resources in international cooperative scientific research, identifies the intellectual property risk points, and puts forward suggestions on risk management and control from the perspective of intellectual property protection.Results:The management of human genetic resources in China is evolving quickly. However, there is still a lack of practical guidelines on intellectual property protection and development, more substantial engagement and contribution of Chinese investigators in the international collaborative research should be promoted, and the perception and awareness of the significance of human genetic resources should be enhanced.Conclusions:In the international cooperative scientific research involving human genetic resources, we should clarify the operating rules at the level of intellectual property protection, improve the substantive participation of Chinese investigators, enhance the strategic awareness and risk awareness of human genetic resources, and provide support at the level of executive management institutions.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 176-180, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928383

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To prepare a quality control sample for non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) and evaluate its quality and stability.@*METHODS@#According to the biological characteristics of cell-free fetal DNA derived from the plasma of pregnant women, the simulated samples were prepared by mixing genomic DNA fragments derived from individuals with trisomy 21, trisomy 18 and trisomy 13 and background plasma. The samples were then compared with commercially made quality control products tested on various NIPS platforms and stored at -80℃, -20℃, 4℃, 24℃ and 37℃ for various periods of time.@*RESULTS@#The simulated samples have attained the expected results and could be detected on various platforms and stored at -80℃and -20℃ for at least 30 days.@*CONCLUSION@#A simulated sample was successfully prepared and possessed good stability. It can be used as the quality control sample for NIPS.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Aneuploidy , Down Syndrome/genetics , Noninvasive Prenatal Testing , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy/genetics
9.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 81-87, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878413

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#A study was conducted to investigate the molecular mechanism of chromodomain helicase/ATPase DNA binding protein 1-like gene (CHD1L) influencing the invasion and metastasis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma and to provide a new target for clinical inhibition of invasion and metastasis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma.@*METHODS@#Ualcan website was used to analyze the expression of CHD1L in normal epithelial tissue and primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and to analyze the effect of lymph node metastasis on the expression of CHD1L in tissues with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The relationship between CHD1L expression and the survival rate of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma was tested by the GEPIA website. Western blot was used to quantify the levels of CHD1L protein in human tongue squamous cell carcinoma CAL27 and immortalized human skin keratinocyte cell HaCaT. After knocking down CAL27 in human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells with an RNA interference plasmid, the cells were designated as SiCHD1L/CAL27 and Scr/CAL27. Western blot was utilized to detect the expression of CHD1L in each group of cells. The change in CAL27 cell proliferation ability was tested by EdU proliferation test after CHD1L knockdown. The change of cell migration ability of each group cells was tested through the wound healing assay. Western blot was used to detect epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) marker E-cadherin and Vimentin protein expression levels.@*RESULTS@#Ualcan database showed that the expression of CHD1L in primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma tissues was higher than in normal epithelial tissues and in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma tissues with lymph node metastasis. GEPIA website analysis showed that the overall survival rate of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma with high expression of CHD1L was significantly lower than that of patients with low expression. Western blot results showed that CHD1L expression in human tongue squamous carcinoma cells CAL27 was higher than that of human normal skin cells HaCaT. CHD1L expression in SiCHD1L/CAL27 cells was much lower than that in Scr/CAL27 cells. Results of EdU proliferation experiments showed the significant reduction in the cell proliferation ability of the SiCHD1L/CAL27 cells. Results of the wound healing experiments showed the reduction in the migration capacity of the SiCHD1L/CAL27 cells. The expression of E-cadherin increased, whereas that of Vimentin decreased, in SiCHD1L/CAL27 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CHD1L promoted the EMT, proliferation, migration, and invasion ability of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenosine Triphosphatases , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , DNA Helicases , DNA-Binding Proteins , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms/genetics
10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 513-517, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912916

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of serum miRNA-145 (miR-145), miRNA-21 (miR-21) and miRNA-197 (miR-197) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:The clinical data of 65 NSCLC patients in Luzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Sichuan Province from January 2019 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and 60 healthy physical examiners were selected as the healthy control group. The relative expressions of serum miR-145, miR-21 and miR-197 in all subjects were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and their relationship with clinicopathological features of NSCLC patients was analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the efficacy of miR-145, miR-21 and miR-197 alone and in combination in the diagnosis of NSCLC.Results:The relative expression of miR-145 in the NSCLC group was lower than that in the healthy control group (1.05±0.40 vs. 1.38±0.44, t = -4.326, P < 0.01), and the relative expressions of miR-21 and miR-197 were higher than those in the control group (2.37±0.89 vs. 0.83±0.25, 4.42±0.75 vs. 1.10±0.33, both P < 0.01). In the NSCLC group, the relative expressions of miR-21 and miR-197 in patients with TNM stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ were higher than those in patients with TNM stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ (both P < 0.01), and the relative expression of miR-145 in patients with adenocarcinoma was higher than that in patients with squamous cell carcinoma ( P < 0.01), and the relative expression of miR-21 in patients with lymph node metastasis was higher than that in patients without lymph node metastasis ( P < 0.01). When miR-145, miR-21 and miR-197 were used alone to diagnose NSCLC, the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.842 (95% CI 0.795-0.907), 0.868 (95% CI 0.812-0.938) and 0.857 (95% CI 0.801-0.913), and the best diagnostic cut-off values ??were 1.14, 2.03 and 2.98. When the best cut-off value was used for diagnosis, miR-145 alone was the most sensitive (83.76%), and miR-21 alone was the most specific (87.63%). The AUC for the combined detection of the three was 0.939 (95% CI 0.904-0.965), the diagnostic sensitivity was 91.58%, and the specificity was 79.86%. Conclusions:The relative expressions of miR-145, miR-21 and miR-197 are related to the pathological type, TNM staging and lymph node metastasis of NSCLC patients, and they may become markers for the auxiliary diagnosis of NSCLC. The combined detection of the three can improve the diagnostic efficiency and sensitivity.

11.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 403-410, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912884

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of sinew-regulating bone-setting manipulations for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) model rabbits and its impacts on the chondrocyte apoptosis rate and the levels of interleukin (IL)-1β and nitric oxide (NO). Methods: According to the random number table method, 30 New Zealand white rabbits were divided into a normal group (n=9) and a modeling group (n=21). Rabbits in the modeling group were used to establish KOA models with the modified Hulth method. At the 8th week, three rabbits were sacrificed to verify the model and the remaining 18 rabbits were randomly divided into a model group (n=9) and an intervention group (n=9). Rabbits in the normal group and model group were bred routinely without any intervention. Rabbits in the intervention group were treated with the sinew-regulating bone-setting manipulations, 10 min/time, once every other day for a total of 20 times. The Lequesne MG knee function rating was used to evaluate the behavioral differences of the rabbits in each group. The Pelletier score was used to evaluate the general changes of the rabbits. The Mankin score was used to evaluate the pathology of knee cartilages. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and nitrate reductase methods were used to determine the levels of IL-1β and NO in serum and synovial fluid of each group, respectively. In situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick and labeling method was used to determine the apoptosis of chondrocytes in each group. Results: Compared with the normal group, the scores of Lequesne MG, Pelletier and Mankin, and the levels of IL-1β and NO in the model group were increased (P<0.05), which indirectly indicated the success of the model. Compared with the model group, the scores of Lequesne MG, Pelletier and Mankin, IL-1β and NO levels, and chondrocyte apoptosis rate of the intervention group were decreased, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The sinew-regulating bone-setting manipulations can reduce the levels of IL-1β, NO, and chondrocyte apoptosis rate, and delay the articular cartilage degeneration, therefore, having a good therapeutic effect on KOA.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 699-704, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909081

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of dictyophora polysaccharide (DIP) on PINK1/Parkin pathway mediated mitophagy induced by sodium arsenite (NaAsO 2) in human hepatocytes (L-02 cells). Methods:The L-02 cells in logarithmic growth phase and in good condition were divided into control group, NaAsO 2 group (10 μmol/L), DIP group (80 μg/ml), DIP + NaAsO 2 group (80 μg/ml DIP + 10 μmol/L NaAsO 2) , N-acetylcysteine (NAC) group (5 mmol/L), and NAC + NaAsO 2 group (5 mmol/L NAC + 10 μmol/L NaAsO 2). Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of mitophagy related proteins p62, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ, PINK1, and Parkin. The mitochondrial stucture and autophagosomes were observed by transmission electron microscope, the fluorescent probe method was used to detect the expression level of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Results:Compared with the control group, the protein expressions of p62, LC3 Ⅱ/LC3 Ⅰ, PINK1, and Parkin in NaAsO 2 group were higher ( P < 0.05); compared with the NaAsO 2 group, the protein expressions of p62, LC3 Ⅱ/LC3 Ⅰ, PINK1 and Parkin were lower in DIP, DIP + NaAsO 2, NAC, and NAC + NaAsO 2 groups ( P <0.05). According to the transmission electron microscope, compared with the control group, the mitochondria of L-02 cells in NaAsO 2 group were significantly damaged and the number of autophagosomes increased. Compared with NaAsO 2 group, the degree of mitochondrial swelling, vacuolar degeneration and the number of autophagosomes decreased in DIP + NaAsO 2 group. Compared with the control group (33 110.00 ± 2 191.28), the intracellular ROS level in NaAsO 2 group was higher (48 000.00 ± 2 395.31, P < 0.05); the level of intracellular ROS in DIP + NaAsO 2 group (38 670.00 ± 2 620.56) was significantly lower than that in NaAsO 2 group( P < 0.05), and there was no significant change compared with the control group ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:NaAsO 2 can induce PINK1/Parkin mediated mitophagy in L-02 cells. DIP can alleviate NaAsO 2 induced mitophagy. DIP may affect PINK1/Parkin mediated mitophagy induced by NaAsO 2 through the regulation of ROS.

13.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 643-645, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of Paishi decoction in ureteral calculi treatment. Methods:Ureteral calculi patients were voluntarily divided into two groups in Shanghai Baoshan Traditional Chinese Medicine-Integrated Hospital. Patients in the control group received anti-inflammatory symptomatic treatment for 2 weeks, and patients in the treatment group received anti-inflammatory symptomatic treatment combined with Paishi decoction for 2 weeks. Results:There was no significant difference between the two groups in gender, age, body weight and stone size. Compared with the control group, after taking Paishi decoction for 2 weeks, the urinary oxalic acid and calcium in the treatment group decreased significantly, and the urine citric acid increased (P<0.05). The difference in clinical effective rate was significant between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion:Paishi decoction is superior to single anti-inflammatory symptomatic treatment in the treatment of ureteral calculi, which reflects the advantages of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine. However, the number of patients included in this study was limited, further studies are in need to verify the result.

14.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 284-294, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881071

ABSTRACT

Jie-Geng-Tang (JGT), a traditional formula, is employed in the treatment of sore throat and cough and comprises Platycodonis Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma in the ratio 1 : 2. Our previous study demonstrated that JGT protected mice from S. aureus-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Five constituents of JGT showed antibacterial activities against S. aureus in vitro. However, the potential effective constituents of JGT in vivo were still unclear. In this study, the chemical constituents of JGT were identified by liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF-MS). A total of 96 constituents were identified or assumed, including seven organic acids, 45 flavonoids, 36 triterpene saponins, and eight compounds of other types. The structures of 31 of the constituents were confirmed by comparing them with corresponding authentic standards. Moreover, 15 prototypes and 49 metabolites were deduced in the serums of mice, 24 prototypes and 47 metabolites were deduced in the lungs of mice after the oral administration of JGT. Three types of constituents, namely organic acids, flavonoids, and triterpene saponins, could be absorbed into the blood. Moreover, flavonoids and triterpene saponins were more likely distributed in the lung than in the blood. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the systematic metabolites profile of JGT in vivo. The results reported were beneficial to the elucidation of the effective material basis of JGT.

15.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 416-437, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888751

ABSTRACT

Over the last half century, surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) has evolved to offer a durable and efficient valve haemodynamically, with low procedural complications that allows favourable remodelling of left ventricular (LV) structure and function. The latter has become more challenging among elderly patients, particularly following trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Precise understanding of myocardial adaptation to pressure and volume overloading and its responses to valve surgery requires comprehensive assessments from aortic valve energy loss, valvular-vascular impedance to myocardial activation, force-velocity relationship, and myocardial strain. LV hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis remains as the structural and morphological focus in this endeavour. Early intervention in asymptomatic aortic stenosis or regurgitation along with individualised management of hypertension and atrial fibrillation is likely to improve patient outcome. Physiological pacing via the His-Purkinje system for conduction abnormalities, further reduction in para-valvular aortic regurgitation along with therapy of angiotensin receptor blockade will improve patient outcome by facilitating hypertrophy regression, LV coordinate contraction, and global vascular function. TAVI leaflet thromboses require anticoagulation while impaired access to coronary ostia risks future TAVI-in-TAVI or coronary interventions. Until comparable long-term durability and the resolution of TAVI related complications become available, SAVR remains the first choice for lower risk younger patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Catheters , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Remodeling
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1037-1040, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921992

ABSTRACT

Clinical practice of Medical Genetics involves application of various genetic techniques for the diagnosis of genetic disorders and subsequent genetic counseling and treatment. The principles of Medical Ethics must be fully taken into account when applying genetic knowledge for medical practice. Medical Ethics education is therefore essential for the standardized training of resident doctors in medical genetics department. With a basic system of Medical Genetics Physician Training established, our hospital has made a preliminary exploration for the development of Medical Ethics teaching in resident training through various teaching practices including seminar, network teaching, case study, scene teaching and outpatient teaching, with an aim to strengthen Medical Ethnics knowledge, professionalism and communication skills, and implement Medical Ethics principles throughout clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Curriculum , Educational Status , Ethics, Medical , Genetics, Medical
17.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 947-952, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921923

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of vancomycin bone cement in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) ruptured Wagner gradeⅡ-Ⅳ.@*METHODS@#From March 2019 to April 2021, 32 patients with Wagner gradeⅡ-Ⅳ diabetic foot were divided into vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) group and bone cement group according to different treatment methods. There were 16 cases in VSD group, 8 males and 8 females;the age ranged from 66 to 81 (70.50±7.20) years, and the course of disease ranged from 8 to 40 (27.56±8.55) months;Wagner gradeⅡin 2 cases, grade Ⅲin 7 cases and grade Ⅳin 7 cases;debridement and VSD were used. There were 16 cases in the bone cement group, 9 males and 7 females;the age ranged from 63 to 79 (69.56±7.29) years, and the course of disease ranged from 11 to 39(22.75±11.43) months;Wagner gradeⅡ in 2 cases, grade Ⅲin 5 cases and grade Ⅳ in 9 cases;vancomycin loaded bone cement was used for treatment. The types of bacteria, negative time of bacterial culture, skin healing time, hospital stay, operation times and complications were observed and compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 3 to 6 (4.00±1.07) months. The bacterial negative time, skin healing time and hospital stay in bone cement group were significantly lower than those in VSD group (@*CONCLUSION@#Vancomycin loaded bone cement is effective in the treatment of Wagner grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ diabetic foot ulceration wounds. It can reduce the length of hospital stay, shorten the healing time of skin and kill pathogens as soon as possible. It is one of the effective methods to treat Wagner gradeⅡ-Ⅳdiabetic foot ulceration.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Vancomycin , Wound Healing
18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1037-1040, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864145

ABSTRACT

The shortage of children donor organs is a challenge and the current situation of organ donation.Although pediatric families are very willing to donate, the rate of successful pediatric organ donation is still low.Living related donors devote a big part in the donor pool.Pediatric organ donation has characteristics different from the adult one.For instance, pediatric brain death is difficult to assess, pediatric organs are usually used by adult recipients, pedia-tric patients wait longer than adult patients, more pediatric patients die during the waiting period, pediatric patients′ rights are not protected by specific laws or policies.There are lots of dilemmas in pediatric organ donation.The current situation can be improved by making great efforts on propaganda, improving communication skills of pediatric organ donation coordinators, perfecting the humanitarian assistance system, encouraging medical workers to participate in organ donation, and enhancing recognition and maintenance levels of potential donors.In this paper, the research status of pedia-tric organ donation was reviewed.

19.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 348-354, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863119

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the infarct size and its related factors in patients with anterior choroidal artery (AchA) territory infarction.Methods:From April 2016 to April 2018, consecutive patients with acute AchA territory infarction hospitalized in the Department of Neurology, the Affiliated Shuyang Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University were enrolled retrospectively. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was used to assess the severity of the disease at baseline, and the Diffusion-Weighted Imaging (DWI) was used to determine the side, location, size, and morphology of the infarct lesions. The patients were divided into small infarction group (<20 mm) and large infarction group (≥20 mm). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for infarct size. Results:A total of 100 consecutive patients with acute AchA territory infarction were enrolled, including 86 (86.0%) in small infarction group, 14 (14.0%) in large infarction group. Based on the NIHSS score, there were 89 patients with mild stroke, 9 with moderate stroke, and 2 with severe stroke. According to DWI, 69 patients (69.0%) had long cord-like infarcts and 31 (31.0%) had other shapes of infarcts. The baseline NIHSS score (7.0 [2.0-10.5] vs. 3.0 [2.0-4.0]; Z=2.353, P=0.019) and the proportion of patients with severe stroke (14.3% vs. 0%; P=0.018), the infarcts in posterior part of periventricular area (85.7% vs. 57.0%; χ2=4.180, P=0.041) and medial globus pallidus (21.4% vs. 4.7%; χ2=5.206, P=0.023), and cord-like infarction (92.9% vs. 65.1%; χ2=4.332, P=0.037) in patients of the large infarction group were significantly higher than those of the small infarction group; leukocyte count (7.7±1.7×10 9/L vs. 6.6±1.8×10 9/L; t=2.214, P=0.036) and platelet count (234.5±39.5×10 9/L vs. 198.0±49.4×10 9/L; t=2.618, P=0.010) were significantly higher than those of the small infarction group; the proportion of patients with sensory impairment was significantly higher than that of the small infarction group (50.0% vs. 24.4%; χ2=3.908, P=0.048). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that platelet count (odds ratio 1.018, 95% confidence interval 1.000-1.621; P=0.044) and stroke severity (odds ratio 18.245, 95% confidence interval 1.534-217.052; P=0.022) were significantly and positively correlated with the infarct size. Conclusion:The related factors of the infarct size in patients with AchA territory infarction included sensory impairment, baseline NIHSS score, stroke severity, morphology and location of infarct lesions, and leukocyte and platelet counts, of which platelet count and stroke severity were independently positively correlated with the infarct size.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 9-12, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872012

ABSTRACT

Objective This paper explored to provide suggestions for the legal review of scientific research contracts in universities.Methods Besides defines of the searching terms and methods,selected legal staff were also interviewed to analyze the legal audit of scientific research contracts in universities.Results This paper summarizes the general experiences of the legal audit of scientific research contracts in universities,including the division of the audit authority,the standardization of the signing subjects,clear the scope of management.Identified problems include insufficient legal expertise of personnel,legal risks of contract text,lack of contracts review system,low patent application and technology conversion rate,and uncertain performance ability of the partners.Conclusions The paper suggests that universities should improve the legal professional level of auditors,develop more standardized contract template,establish contract review systems,increase legal protection for patent applications and technology transformation,and pay attention to the partners,in the long run to strengthen the legal review of scientific research contracts and further promote the administration of universities with regulatory compliance.

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