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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934428

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the intellectual property risk of international cooperative scientific research involving human genetic resources, explore possible risk control measures regarding to intellectual property.Methods:By means of literature review, this paper analyzes the special attributes and strategic position of human genetic resources, reviews the policies and systems involving human genetic resources in international cooperative scientific research, identifies the intellectual property risk points, and puts forward suggestions on risk management and control from the perspective of intellectual property protection.Results:The management of human genetic resources in China is evolving quickly. However, there is still a lack of practical guidelines on intellectual property protection and development, more substantial engagement and contribution of Chinese investigators in the international collaborative research should be promoted, and the perception and awareness of the significance of human genetic resources should be enhanced.Conclusions:In the international cooperative scientific research involving human genetic resources, we should clarify the operating rules at the level of intellectual property protection, improve the substantive participation of Chinese investigators, enhance the strategic awareness and risk awareness of human genetic resources, and provide support at the level of executive management institutions.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928383

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To prepare a quality control sample for non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) and evaluate its quality and stability.@*METHODS@#According to the biological characteristics of cell-free fetal DNA derived from the plasma of pregnant women, the simulated samples were prepared by mixing genomic DNA fragments derived from individuals with trisomy 21, trisomy 18 and trisomy 13 and background plasma. The samples were then compared with commercially made quality control products tested on various NIPS platforms and stored at -80℃, -20℃, 4℃, 24℃ and 37℃ for various periods of time.@*RESULTS@#The simulated samples have attained the expected results and could be detected on various platforms and stored at -80℃and -20℃ for at least 30 days.@*CONCLUSION@#A simulated sample was successfully prepared and possessed good stability. It can be used as the quality control sample for NIPS.


Subject(s)
Aneuploidy , Down Syndrome/genetics , Female , Humans , Noninvasive Prenatal Testing , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy/genetics
3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 513-517, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912916

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of serum miRNA-145 (miR-145), miRNA-21 (miR-21) and miRNA-197 (miR-197) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:The clinical data of 65 NSCLC patients in Luzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Sichuan Province from January 2019 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and 60 healthy physical examiners were selected as the healthy control group. The relative expressions of serum miR-145, miR-21 and miR-197 in all subjects were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and their relationship with clinicopathological features of NSCLC patients was analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the efficacy of miR-145, miR-21 and miR-197 alone and in combination in the diagnosis of NSCLC.Results:The relative expression of miR-145 in the NSCLC group was lower than that in the healthy control group (1.05±0.40 vs. 1.38±0.44, t = -4.326, P < 0.01), and the relative expressions of miR-21 and miR-197 were higher than those in the control group (2.37±0.89 vs. 0.83±0.25, 4.42±0.75 vs. 1.10±0.33, both P < 0.01). In the NSCLC group, the relative expressions of miR-21 and miR-197 in patients with TNM stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ were higher than those in patients with TNM stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ (both P < 0.01), and the relative expression of miR-145 in patients with adenocarcinoma was higher than that in patients with squamous cell carcinoma ( P < 0.01), and the relative expression of miR-21 in patients with lymph node metastasis was higher than that in patients without lymph node metastasis ( P < 0.01). When miR-145, miR-21 and miR-197 were used alone to diagnose NSCLC, the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.842 (95% CI 0.795-0.907), 0.868 (95% CI 0.812-0.938) and 0.857 (95% CI 0.801-0.913), and the best diagnostic cut-off values ??were 1.14, 2.03 and 2.98. When the best cut-off value was used for diagnosis, miR-145 alone was the most sensitive (83.76%), and miR-21 alone was the most specific (87.63%). The AUC for the combined detection of the three was 0.939 (95% CI 0.904-0.965), the diagnostic sensitivity was 91.58%, and the specificity was 79.86%. Conclusions:The relative expressions of miR-145, miR-21 and miR-197 are related to the pathological type, TNM staging and lymph node metastasis of NSCLC patients, and they may become markers for the auxiliary diagnosis of NSCLC. The combined detection of the three can improve the diagnostic efficiency and sensitivity.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912884

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of sinew-regulating bone-setting manipulations for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) model rabbits and its impacts on the chondrocyte apoptosis rate and the levels of interleukin (IL)-1β and nitric oxide (NO). Methods: According to the random number table method, 30 New Zealand white rabbits were divided into a normal group (n=9) and a modeling group (n=21). Rabbits in the modeling group were used to establish KOA models with the modified Hulth method. At the 8th week, three rabbits were sacrificed to verify the model and the remaining 18 rabbits were randomly divided into a model group (n=9) and an intervention group (n=9). Rabbits in the normal group and model group were bred routinely without any intervention. Rabbits in the intervention group were treated with the sinew-regulating bone-setting manipulations, 10 min/time, once every other day for a total of 20 times. The Lequesne MG knee function rating was used to evaluate the behavioral differences of the rabbits in each group. The Pelletier score was used to evaluate the general changes of the rabbits. The Mankin score was used to evaluate the pathology of knee cartilages. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and nitrate reductase methods were used to determine the levels of IL-1β and NO in serum and synovial fluid of each group, respectively. In situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick and labeling method was used to determine the apoptosis of chondrocytes in each group. Results: Compared with the normal group, the scores of Lequesne MG, Pelletier and Mankin, and the levels of IL-1β and NO in the model group were increased (P<0.05), which indirectly indicated the success of the model. Compared with the model group, the scores of Lequesne MG, Pelletier and Mankin, IL-1β and NO levels, and chondrocyte apoptosis rate of the intervention group were decreased, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The sinew-regulating bone-setting manipulations can reduce the levels of IL-1β, NO, and chondrocyte apoptosis rate, and delay the articular cartilage degeneration, therefore, having a good therapeutic effect on KOA.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 699-704, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909081

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of dictyophora polysaccharide (DIP) on PINK1/Parkin pathway mediated mitophagy induced by sodium arsenite (NaAsO 2) in human hepatocytes (L-02 cells). Methods:The L-02 cells in logarithmic growth phase and in good condition were divided into control group, NaAsO 2 group (10 μmol/L), DIP group (80 μg/ml), DIP + NaAsO 2 group (80 μg/ml DIP + 10 μmol/L NaAsO 2) , N-acetylcysteine (NAC) group (5 mmol/L), and NAC + NaAsO 2 group (5 mmol/L NAC + 10 μmol/L NaAsO 2). Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of mitophagy related proteins p62, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ, PINK1, and Parkin. The mitochondrial stucture and autophagosomes were observed by transmission electron microscope, the fluorescent probe method was used to detect the expression level of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Results:Compared with the control group, the protein expressions of p62, LC3 Ⅱ/LC3 Ⅰ, PINK1, and Parkin in NaAsO 2 group were higher ( P < 0.05); compared with the NaAsO 2 group, the protein expressions of p62, LC3 Ⅱ/LC3 Ⅰ, PINK1 and Parkin were lower in DIP, DIP + NaAsO 2, NAC, and NAC + NaAsO 2 groups ( P <0.05). According to the transmission electron microscope, compared with the control group, the mitochondria of L-02 cells in NaAsO 2 group were significantly damaged and the number of autophagosomes increased. Compared with NaAsO 2 group, the degree of mitochondrial swelling, vacuolar degeneration and the number of autophagosomes decreased in DIP + NaAsO 2 group. Compared with the control group (33 110.00 ± 2 191.28), the intracellular ROS level in NaAsO 2 group was higher (48 000.00 ± 2 395.31, P < 0.05); the level of intracellular ROS in DIP + NaAsO 2 group (38 670.00 ± 2 620.56) was significantly lower than that in NaAsO 2 group( P < 0.05), and there was no significant change compared with the control group ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:NaAsO 2 can induce PINK1/Parkin mediated mitophagy in L-02 cells. DIP can alleviate NaAsO 2 induced mitophagy. DIP may affect PINK1/Parkin mediated mitophagy induced by NaAsO 2 through the regulation of ROS.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878413

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#A study was conducted to investigate the molecular mechanism of chromodomain helicase/ATPase DNA binding protein 1-like gene (CHD1L) influencing the invasion and metastasis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma and to provide a new target for clinical inhibition of invasion and metastasis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma.@*METHODS@#Ualcan website was used to analyze the expression of CHD1L in normal epithelial tissue and primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and to analyze the effect of lymph node metastasis on the expression of CHD1L in tissues with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The relationship between CHD1L expression and the survival rate of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma was tested by the GEPIA website. Western blot was used to quantify the levels of CHD1L protein in human tongue squamous cell carcinoma CAL27 and immortalized human skin keratinocyte cell HaCaT. After knocking down CAL27 in human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells with an RNA interference plasmid, the cells were designated as SiCHD1L/CAL27 and Scr/CAL27. Western blot was utilized to detect the expression of CHD1L in each group of cells. The change in CAL27 cell proliferation ability was tested by EdU proliferation test after CHD1L knockdown. The change of cell migration ability of each group cells was tested through the wound healing assay. Western blot was used to detect epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) marker E-cadherin and Vimentin protein expression levels.@*RESULTS@#Ualcan database showed that the expression of CHD1L in primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma tissues was higher than in normal epithelial tissues and in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma tissues with lymph node metastasis. GEPIA website analysis showed that the overall survival rate of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma with high expression of CHD1L was significantly lower than that of patients with low expression. Western blot results showed that CHD1L expression in human tongue squamous carcinoma cells CAL27 was higher than that of human normal skin cells HaCaT. CHD1L expression in SiCHD1L/CAL27 cells was much lower than that in Scr/CAL27 cells. Results of EdU proliferation experiments showed the significant reduction in the cell proliferation ability of the SiCHD1L/CAL27 cells. Results of the wound healing experiments showed the reduction in the migration capacity of the SiCHD1L/CAL27 cells. The expression of E-cadherin increased, whereas that of Vimentin decreased, in SiCHD1L/CAL27 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CHD1L promoted the EMT, proliferation, migration, and invasion ability of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphatases , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , DNA Helicases , DNA-Binding Proteins , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921992

ABSTRACT

Clinical practice of Medical Genetics involves application of various genetic techniques for the diagnosis of genetic disorders and subsequent genetic counseling and treatment. The principles of Medical Ethics must be fully taken into account when applying genetic knowledge for medical practice. Medical Ethics education is therefore essential for the standardized training of resident doctors in medical genetics department. With a basic system of Medical Genetics Physician Training established, our hospital has made a preliminary exploration for the development of Medical Ethics teaching in resident training through various teaching practices including seminar, network teaching, case study, scene teaching and outpatient teaching, with an aim to strengthen Medical Ethnics knowledge, professionalism and communication skills, and implement Medical Ethics principles throughout clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Curriculum , Educational Status , Ethics, Medical , Genetics, Medical , Humans
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921923

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of vancomycin bone cement in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) ruptured Wagner gradeⅡ-Ⅳ.@*METHODS@#From March 2019 to April 2021, 32 patients with Wagner gradeⅡ-Ⅳ diabetic foot were divided into vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) group and bone cement group according to different treatment methods. There were 16 cases in VSD group, 8 males and 8 females;the age ranged from 66 to 81 (70.50±7.20) years, and the course of disease ranged from 8 to 40 (27.56±8.55) months;Wagner gradeⅡin 2 cases, grade Ⅲin 7 cases and grade Ⅳin 7 cases;debridement and VSD were used. There were 16 cases in the bone cement group, 9 males and 7 females;the age ranged from 63 to 79 (69.56±7.29) years, and the course of disease ranged from 11 to 39(22.75±11.43) months;Wagner gradeⅡ in 2 cases, grade Ⅲin 5 cases and grade Ⅳ in 9 cases;vancomycin loaded bone cement was used for treatment. The types of bacteria, negative time of bacterial culture, skin healing time, hospital stay, operation times and complications were observed and compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 3 to 6 (4.00±1.07) months. The bacterial negative time, skin healing time and hospital stay in bone cement group were significantly lower than those in VSD group (@*CONCLUSION@#Vancomycin loaded bone cement is effective in the treatment of Wagner grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ diabetic foot ulceration wounds. It can reduce the length of hospital stay, shorten the healing time of skin and kill pathogens as soon as possible. It is one of the effective methods to treat Wagner gradeⅡ-Ⅳdiabetic foot ulceration.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Child , Child, Preschool , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome , Vancomycin , Wound Healing
9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 416-437, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888751

ABSTRACT

Over the last half century, surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) has evolved to offer a durable and efficient valve haemodynamically, with low procedural complications that allows favourable remodelling of left ventricular (LV) structure and function. The latter has become more challenging among elderly patients, particularly following trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Precise understanding of myocardial adaptation to pressure and volume overloading and its responses to valve surgery requires comprehensive assessments from aortic valve energy loss, valvular-vascular impedance to myocardial activation, force-velocity relationship, and myocardial strain. LV hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis remains as the structural and morphological focus in this endeavour. Early intervention in asymptomatic aortic stenosis or regurgitation along with individualised management of hypertension and atrial fibrillation is likely to improve patient outcome. Physiological pacing via the His-Purkinje system for conduction abnormalities, further reduction in para-valvular aortic regurgitation along with therapy of angiotensin receptor blockade will improve patient outcome by facilitating hypertrophy regression, LV coordinate contraction, and global vascular function. TAVI leaflet thromboses require anticoagulation while impaired access to coronary ostia risks future TAVI-in-TAVI or coronary interventions. Until comparable long-term durability and the resolution of TAVI related complications become available, SAVR remains the first choice for lower risk younger patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Catheters , Humans , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Remodeling
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of Paishi decoction in ureteral calculi treatment. Methods:Ureteral calculi patients were voluntarily divided into two groups in Shanghai Baoshan Traditional Chinese Medicine-Integrated Hospital. Patients in the control group received anti-inflammatory symptomatic treatment for 2 weeks, and patients in the treatment group received anti-inflammatory symptomatic treatment combined with Paishi decoction for 2 weeks. Results:There was no significant difference between the two groups in gender, age, body weight and stone size. Compared with the control group, after taking Paishi decoction for 2 weeks, the urinary oxalic acid and calcium in the treatment group decreased significantly, and the urine citric acid increased (P<0.05). The difference in clinical effective rate was significant between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion:Paishi decoction is superior to single anti-inflammatory symptomatic treatment in the treatment of ureteral calculi, which reflects the advantages of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine. However, the number of patients included in this study was limited, further studies are in need to verify the result.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881071

ABSTRACT

Jie-Geng-Tang (JGT), a traditional formula, is employed in the treatment of sore throat and cough and comprises Platycodonis Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma in the ratio 1 : 2. Our previous study demonstrated that JGT protected mice from S. aureus-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Five constituents of JGT showed antibacterial activities against S. aureus in vitro. However, the potential effective constituents of JGT in vivo were still unclear. In this study, the chemical constituents of JGT were identified by liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF-MS). A total of 96 constituents were identified or assumed, including seven organic acids, 45 flavonoids, 36 triterpene saponins, and eight compounds of other types. The structures of 31 of the constituents were confirmed by comparing them with corresponding authentic standards. Moreover, 15 prototypes and 49 metabolites were deduced in the serums of mice, 24 prototypes and 47 metabolites were deduced in the lungs of mice after the oral administration of JGT. Three types of constituents, namely organic acids, flavonoids, and triterpene saponins, could be absorbed into the blood. Moreover, flavonoids and triterpene saponins were more likely distributed in the lung than in the blood. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the systematic metabolites profile of JGT in vivo. The results reported were beneficial to the elucidation of the effective material basis of JGT.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793268

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemic trend of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in 18 minority nationalities in Yunnan Province from 2009 to 2018, so as to explore the ethnic differences in the incidence of HBV in Yunnan Province. Methods Based on the reported incidence data of hepatitis B in China's disease prevention and control information system from 2009 to 2018, descriptive epidemiology method was used to describe and analyze the incidence of hepatitis B in different ethnic groups, and K-means clustering method was used to explore and analyze the annual average incidence of hepatitis B in different ethnic groups. Results From 2009 to 2018, the average incidence of hepatitis B in Yunnan Province was 44.26/100 000, which was much lower than the overall level of China every year; the average incidence of hepatitis B in ethnic groups was 41.27/100 000, slightly lower than the overall level of Yunnan every year. The prevalence of hepatitis B was different in different ethnic groups. The average incidence of Wa was significantly higher than others (95.26/100 000), and Jingpo was the lowest (22.51/100 000). According to the incidence of hepatitis B, different ethnic groups were divided into three categories: high incidence ethnic group, middle incidence ethnic group and low incidence ethnic group. Conclusion There are ethnic differences in the incidence of hepatitis B in Yunnan Province. The incidence of hepatitis B in some ethnic groups is higher than that in the whole country all the year round, which is the key population in the prevention and control of hepatitis B.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 85-90, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799507

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and whether changes of BDNF and GDNF are correlated with sleep quality and cognitive function in patients with chronic insomnia disorder (CID).@*Methods@#Fifty-seven CID patients in the Department of Sleep Disorders, Chaohu Hospital of Anhui Medical University and 30 healthy controls were enrolled from May 2017 to July 2018. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess the degree of insomnia severity (some CID patients were monitored by overnight polysomnography). Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scale and Nine-Box Maze were used to assess general cognitive function and specific memory function, respectively. The serum levels of BDNF and GDNF were detected using ELISA.@*Results@#Compared to the controls, CID patients had significantly higher PSQI scores (CID patients: 14.0±2.2, healthy controls: 3.9±1.1; t=28.093, P<0.01), lower MoCA scores (CID patients: 24.5±3.6, healthy controls: 26.5±0.9; t=-2.985, P<0.01), more errors in object working memory (CID patients: 1.0 (0, 1.0), healthy controls: 0 (0, 0.3)), spatial working memory (CID patients: 3.0 (2.0, 4.0), healthy controls: 1.0 (1.0, 2.0)) and object recognition memory (CID patients: 0 (0, 0), healthy controls: 0 (0, 0); Z=-2.896、-5.007、-2.306, P<0.05), and lower serum BDNF (CID patients: (19.48±7.50) ng/ml, healthy controls: (46.49±13.33) ng/ml; t=-10.274, P<0.01) and GDNF (CID patients: (32.76±14.04) pg/ml, healthy controls: (59.63±20.30) pg/ml; t=-7.240, P<0.01). The partial correlation analysis showed that in the CID patients, the levels of BDNF and GDNF were correlated with PSQI scores negatively (r=-0.293, -0.320, P<0.05) and MoCA scores positively (r=0.331, 0.295, P<0.05). The BDNF level was also correlated with the duration of disease and the errors in the spatial working memory test negatively (r=-0.319, -0.393, P<0.05), and the GDNF level was correlated with the total sleep time detected with polysomnogram positively (r=0.520, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Serum BDNF and GDNF levels in CID patients were lower than those in healthy controls, and correlated with sleep quality and cognitive impairment.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 85-90, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799506

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and whether changes of BDNF and GDNF are correlated with sleep quality and cognitive function in patients with chronic insomnia disorder (CID).@*Methods@#Fifty-seven CID patients in the Department of Sleep Disorders, Chaohu Hospital of Anhui Medical University and 30 healthy controls were enrolled from May 2017 to July 2018. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess the degree of insomnia severity (some CID patients were monitored by overnight polysomnography). Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scale and Nine-Box Maze were used to assess general cognitive function and specific memory function, respectively. The serum levels of BDNF and GDNF were detected using ELISA.@*Results@#Compared to the controls, CID patients had significantly higher PSQI scores (CID patients: 14.0±2.2, healthy controls: 3.9±1.1; t=28.093, P<0.01), lower MoCA scores (CID patients: 24.5±3.6, healthy controls: 26.5±0.9; t=-2.985, P<0.01), more errors in object working memory (CID patients: 1.0 (0, 1.0), healthy controls: 0 (0, 0.3)), spatial working memory (CID patients: 3.0 (2.0, 4.0), healthy controls: 1.0 (1.0, 2.0)) and object recognition memory (CID patients: 0 (0, 0), healthy controls: 0 (0, 0); Z=-2.896、-5.007、-2.306, P<0.05), and lower serum BDNF (CID patients: (19.48±7.50) ng/ml, healthy controls: (46.49±13.33) ng/ml; t=-10.274, P<0.01) and GDNF (CID patients: (32.76±14.04) pg/ml, healthy controls: (59.63±20.30) pg/ml; t=-7.240, P<0.01). The partial correlation analysis showed that in the CID patients, the levels of BDNF and GDNF were correlated with PSQI scores negatively (r=-0.293, -0.320, P<0.05) and MoCA scores positively (r=0.331, 0.295, P<0.05). The BDNF level was also correlated with the duration of disease and the errors in the spatial working memory test negatively (r=-0.319, -0.393, P<0.05), and the GDNF level was correlated with the total sleep time detected with polysomnogram positively (r=0.520, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Serum BDNF and GDNF levels in CID patients were lower than those in healthy controls, and correlated with sleep quality and cognitive impairment.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 254-258, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866107

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of sodium arsenite (NaAsO 2) on the expression of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c), peroxisome proliferator activated receptor α (PPARα) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) in human liver cells (L-02 cells). Methods:L-02 cells were cultured in vitro, and exposed to NaAsO 2 at 0 (control), 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64 and 128 μmol/L for 24 h, respectively, and the cell survival rate was determined by CCK-8 method. And a fitting curve was made to calculate the half inhibitory concentration (IC 50), subsequent experiments were carried out with 0, 1/8, 1/4 and 1/2 of IC 50 as arsenic exposure doses. Glycerol phosphate oxidase-catalase (GPO-PAP) method was used to detect the content of triglyceride (TG) in cells; the mRNA expression levels of SREBP-1c, PPARα and FAS were detected by Real-time PCR; and the protein expression levels of SREBP-1c and PPARα were detected by Western blotting. Results:The cell survival rates of 8, 16, 32, 64 and 128 μmol/L NaAsO 2 groups [(92.000 ± 1.414)%, (91.000 ± 0.000)%, (76.500 ± 0.707)%, (53.000 ± 1.412)%, (47.000 ± 1.412)%] were significantly lower than that of the control group [(100.000 ± 0.000)%, P < 0.01]. The IC 50 was 64 μmol/L, and subsequent experiments were conducted with 0 (control), 8, 16 and 32 μmol/L NaAsO 2, respectively. Compared with the control group [(1.000 ± 0.000) mmol/g prot], TG contents of 8, 16 and 32 μmol/L NaAsO 2 groups [(0.691 ± 0.064), (0.474 ± 0.162), (0.184 ± 0.045) mmol/g prot] were significant decreased ( P < 0.01). Compared with the control group, the mRNA expression levels of SREBP-1c, PPARα, FAS, and the protein expression levels of SREBP-1c and PPARα in NaAsO 2 groups were significantly decreased ( P < 0.01 or < 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that NaAsO 2 content was negatively correlated with TG content, SREBP-1c and PPARα protein expression levels ( r =-0.954,- 0.875,-0.965, P < 0.01). Conclusion:NaAsO 2 can reduce the TG content and the expression of lipid metabolism related genes SREBP-1c, PPARα and FAS in L-02 cells, suggesting that arsenic-induced liver injury can cause lipid metabolism disorders.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 259-263, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866101

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway in oxidative damage caused by sodium arsenite (NaAsO 2) in human normal liver cells (L-02), and to provide experimental basis for the study of oxidative damage mechanism of liver damage caused by arsenic. Methods:L-02 cells were cultured in vitro and treated with 0 (control), 25, 50, 75, 100, 125, and 150 μmol/L NaAsO 2, respectively, for 24 h. The half-inhibitory concentration (IC 50) was calculated according to the cell survival rate by CCK8, and L-02 cells were treated with 0, 1/8, 1/4 and 1/2 dose of IC 50 of NaAsO 2, respectively, for grouping experiments. Protein expressions of Nrf2, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), NADH quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) and glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1) in L-02 cells and L-02 nucleus were detected by Western blotting. Results:The result of CCK8 showed that the survival rates of L-02 cells in 25, 50, 75, 100, 125, 150 μmol/L NaAsO 2 groups were [(69.53 ± 0.06)%, (41.33 ± 0.08)%, (23.65 ± 0.04)%, (26.51 ± 0.04)%, (31.63 ± 0.01)%, (26.24 ± 0.02)%], which were significantly lower than that of the control group[(100 ± 0.00)%]. The differences were statistically significant ( P < 0.05). The IC 50 calculated by cell survival was 40 μmol/L, and the NaAsO 2 doses used in the experiment were 0 (control), 5, 10, and 20 μmol/L. Western blotting results showed that, compared with the control group, the protein expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1 in L-02 and HO-1 in the L-02 cells nucleus in the 5, 10 and 20 μmol/L NaAsO 2 groups were significantly higher ( P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the expression levels of GPx1 protein in L-02 cells of 10 and 20 μmol/L NaAsO 2 groups were decreased ( P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the expression levels of Nrf2 protein in L-02 nucleus in 10 and 20 μmol/L NaAsO 2 groups were significantly increased ( P < 0.05); the expression level of NQO1 protein in L-02 nucleus in 5 μmol/L NaAsO 2 group was significantly increased ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:NaAsO 2 has an effect on the expression of Nrf2 signaling pathway related factors in L-02 cells, and the mechanism of oxidative damage caused by NaAsO 2 in L-02 cells may be related to Nrf2 signaling pathway.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866053

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of apoptosis induced by sodium arsenite (NaAsO 2) in human hepatic cells (L-02) through reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and mitochondrial dysfunction, and provide experimental evidence for the mechanism of arsenic poisoning. Methods:L-02 cells were divided into control group, NaAsO 2 group (10 μmol/L NaAsO 2), N-acetylcysteine (NAC) group (5 mmol/L NAC), and NaAsO 2 + NAC group (10 μmol/L NaAsO 2, 5 mmol/L NAC), and were cultured in vitro for 24 h. The intracellular ROS level, mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization ratio and cell apoptosis rate were measured by dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) fluorescence probe, JC-1 staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining, respectively; the mRNA and the protein of Caspase 3, cytochrome C (Cyt-C) and cytochrome C oxidaseⅣ (COXⅣ) were detected by real time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting, respectively. Results:There were statistically significant differences in intracellular ROS levels (3 857 392.33 ± 44 928.39, 4 515 288.00 ± 32 660.64, 3 670 150.67 ± 101 987.69, 4 035 235.67 ± 99 995.30), mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization ratios (2.16 ± 0.54, 7.95 ± 0.52, 2.70 ± 0.29, 1.01 ± 0.23) and total apoptosis rates (1.45 ± 0.03, 4.27 ± 0.17, 1.87 ± 0.12, 2.52 ± 0.35) between groups ( F = 62.62, 159.81, 112.70, P < 0.05). There were statistically significant differences in Caspase 3, Cyt-C, COXⅣ mRNA expression levels ( F = 9.20, 7.33, 14.87, P < 0.05) and in cleaved-Caspase 3, Cyt-C, COXⅣ protein expression levels( F = 31.42, 8.01, 83.30, P < 0.05) between groups. Compared with the control group, the intracellular ROS level, mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization ratio and total apoptosis rate were significantly increased ( P < 0.05); Caspase3, Cyt-C mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly increased ( P < 0.05), and COXⅣ mRNA and cleaved-Caspase 3, Cyt-C protein expression levels were significantly decreased ( P < 0.05) in NaAsO 2 group. Compared with the NaAsO 2 group, the intracellular ROS level, mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization ratio and total apoptosis rate of NaAsO 2 + NAC group were significantly decreased ( P < 0.05); the Caspase3, Cyt-C mRNA and cleaved-Caspase 3, Cyt-C protein expression levels were significantly decreased ( P < 0.05), the COX Ⅳ mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly increased ( P < 0.05). Conclusions:NaAsO 2 stimulates L-02 cells to produce excessive ROS, which induces mitochondrial depolarization and further triggers mitochondrial damage, resulting in increased release of Cyt-C and activation of the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway that Caspase 3 protein induces apoptosis in L-02 cells, which may be one of the main mechanisms of arsenic-induced liver injury.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864145

ABSTRACT

The shortage of children donor organs is a challenge and the current situation of organ donation.Although pediatric families are very willing to donate, the rate of successful pediatric organ donation is still low.Living related donors devote a big part in the donor pool.Pediatric organ donation has characteristics different from the adult one.For instance, pediatric brain death is difficult to assess, pediatric organs are usually used by adult recipients, pedia-tric patients wait longer than adult patients, more pediatric patients die during the waiting period, pediatric patients′ rights are not protected by specific laws or policies.There are lots of dilemmas in pediatric organ donation.The current situation can be improved by making great efforts on propaganda, improving communication skills of pediatric organ donation coordinators, perfecting the humanitarian assistance system, encouraging medical workers to participate in organ donation, and enhancing recognition and maintenance levels of potential donors.In this paper, the research status of pedia-tric organ donation was reviewed.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863119

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the infarct size and its related factors in patients with anterior choroidal artery (AchA) territory infarction.Methods:From April 2016 to April 2018, consecutive patients with acute AchA territory infarction hospitalized in the Department of Neurology, the Affiliated Shuyang Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University were enrolled retrospectively. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was used to assess the severity of the disease at baseline, and the Diffusion-Weighted Imaging (DWI) was used to determine the side, location, size, and morphology of the infarct lesions. The patients were divided into small infarction group (<20 mm) and large infarction group (≥20 mm). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for infarct size. Results:A total of 100 consecutive patients with acute AchA territory infarction were enrolled, including 86 (86.0%) in small infarction group, 14 (14.0%) in large infarction group. Based on the NIHSS score, there were 89 patients with mild stroke, 9 with moderate stroke, and 2 with severe stroke. According to DWI, 69 patients (69.0%) had long cord-like infarcts and 31 (31.0%) had other shapes of infarcts. The baseline NIHSS score (7.0 [2.0-10.5] vs. 3.0 [2.0-4.0]; Z=2.353, P=0.019) and the proportion of patients with severe stroke (14.3% vs. 0%; P=0.018), the infarcts in posterior part of periventricular area (85.7% vs. 57.0%; χ2=4.180, P=0.041) and medial globus pallidus (21.4% vs. 4.7%; χ2=5.206, P=0.023), and cord-like infarction (92.9% vs. 65.1%; χ2=4.332, P=0.037) in patients of the large infarction group were significantly higher than those of the small infarction group; leukocyte count (7.7±1.7×10 9/L vs. 6.6±1.8×10 9/L; t=2.214, P=0.036) and platelet count (234.5±39.5×10 9/L vs. 198.0±49.4×10 9/L; t=2.618, P=0.010) were significantly higher than those of the small infarction group; the proportion of patients with sensory impairment was significantly higher than that of the small infarction group (50.0% vs. 24.4%; χ2=3.908, P=0.048). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that platelet count (odds ratio 1.018, 95% confidence interval 1.000-1.621; P=0.044) and stroke severity (odds ratio 18.245, 95% confidence interval 1.534-217.052; P=0.022) were significantly and positively correlated with the infarct size. Conclusion:The related factors of the infarct size in patients with AchA territory infarction included sensory impairment, baseline NIHSS score, stroke severity, morphology and location of infarct lesions, and leukocyte and platelet counts, of which platelet count and stroke severity were independently positively correlated with the infarct size.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872012

ABSTRACT

Objective This paper explored to provide suggestions for the legal review of scientific research contracts in universities.Methods Besides defines of the searching terms and methods,selected legal staff were also interviewed to analyze the legal audit of scientific research contracts in universities.Results This paper summarizes the general experiences of the legal audit of scientific research contracts in universities,including the division of the audit authority,the standardization of the signing subjects,clear the scope of management.Identified problems include insufficient legal expertise of personnel,legal risks of contract text,lack of contracts review system,low patent application and technology conversion rate,and uncertain performance ability of the partners.Conclusions The paper suggests that universities should improve the legal professional level of auditors,develop more standardized contract template,establish contract review systems,increase legal protection for patent applications and technology transformation,and pay attention to the partners,in the long run to strengthen the legal review of scientific research contracts and further promote the administration of universities with regulatory compliance.

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