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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936326

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a method for R-peak detection of ECG data from wearable devices to allow accurate estimation of the physiological parameters including heart rate and heart rate variability.@*METHODS@#A fully convolutional neural network was applied to predict the R-peak heatmap of ECG data and locate the R-peak positions. The heartbeat-aware (HA) module was introduced to enable the model to learn to predict the heartbeat number and R-peak heatmap simultaneously, thereby improving the capability of the model for extraction of the global context. The R-R interval estimated by the predicted heartbeat number was adopted to calculate the minimum horizontal distance for peak positioning. To achieve real-time R-peak detection on mobile devices, the deep separable convolution was adopted to reduce the number of parameters and the computational complexity of the model.@*RESULTS@#The proposed model was trained only with ECG data from wearable devices. At a tolerance window interval of 150 ms, the proposed method achieved R peak detection sensitivities of 100% for both wearable device ECG dataset and a public dataset (i.e. LUDB), and the true positivity rates exceeded 99.9%. As for the ECG signal of a 10 s duration, the CPU time of the proposed method for R-peak detection was about 23.2 ms.@*CONCLUSION@#The proposed method has good performance for R-peak detection of both wearable device ECG data and routine ECG data and also allows real-time R-peak detection of the ECG data.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Electrocardiography , Heart Rate , Neural Networks, Computer , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted , Wearable Electronic Devices
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923510

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the effect of continuous nursing intervention on limb function and nursing quality after proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) internal fixation for femoral intertrochanteric fracture in the elderly. Methods From February, 2017 to November, 2018, 100 elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture who underwent PFNA internal fixation in our hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 50) and observation group (n = 50), who accepted routine nursing and continuous nursing respectively for three months. They were assessed with Harris score and visual analogue scale for pain (VAS) before and after the intervention. The postoperative nursing effect was compared. Results The Harris score increased in both groups after the intervention (t > 45.98, P < 0.001), and increased more in the observation group than in the control group (t = 15.03, P < 0.001). The VAS score decreased in both groups after the intervention (t > 16.33, P < 0.001), and decreased more in the observation group than in the control group (t = 9.749, P < 0.001). The effect of nursing was better in the observation group than in the control group (Z = -2.272, P = 0.023). Conclusion Continuous nursing intervention can significantly improve the limb function and nursing satisfaction of elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture after PFNA.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 492-499, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922915

ABSTRACT

A novel sort of nano-component was extricated and isolated from Descurainiae Semen Carbonisatum (DSC), and its hemostatic component was considered through pharmacological experiments. A muffle furnace was used to prepare DSC at 250 ℃, 300 ℃ and 350 ℃, and the DSC dialysate at each temperature was obtained by the extraction and separation method. Low-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) were utilized to characterize the nano-components. Ultraviolet spectroscopy (UV-Vis), fluorescence spectroscopy (FL) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were utilized to measure its optical characteristics and functional group information. The anti-hemorrhagic effects were evaluated by liver bleeding tests and the related hemostatic mechanisms of the obtained nano-components were further assessed by detecting blood coagulation and PLT quantity to discuss the hemostasis mechanism. The experiments complied with the Animal Ethics Committee of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. TEM results showed that there was a novel type of nano-component in the DSC dialysate bag, which was named DSC nano-components (DSC-NCs). The experimental results of liver bleeding in mice showed that DSC-NCs prepared at 250 ℃, 300 ℃, and 350 ℃ could reduce the bleeding time of mice liver. Among them, DSC-NCs prepared at 350 °C had the best effect. In addition, DSC-NCs prepared at various temperatures can also reduce the prothrombin time (PT) value, increase the fibrinogen (FIB) value and the platelet (PLT) value to varying degrees. DSC-NCs have a certain hemostatic effect, which may be related to the activation of the exogenous coagulation system, the increase of FIB value and the increase of platelet content. This provides a new research direction for exploring the treatment of bleeding diseases, and provides a new perspective for the potential application of DSC-NCs in the medical field.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928951

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To identify, examine and summarize the available evidence on the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for in vitro fertilisation (IVF) outcomes.@*METHODS@#Eight electronic databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, Chinese Biomedical Database and VIP Database, were searched, supplemented by manual searches. Two researchers independently conducted the literature screening, data extraction, and methodological quality assessments. A narrative description was provided to show the general information and specific characteristics of the included studies. A bubble plot was used to visually display the overall effects of acupuncture on IVF outcomes.@*RESULTS@#Eighty-two studies were identified, including 64 primary studies and 18 systematic reviews. Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation, electric acupuncture and manual acupuncture were applied in most studies and compared with no acupuncture, sham acupuncture and placebo acupuncture control groups. Sixty-three (98.4%) primary studies reported clinical pregnancy rate, and positive effects of acupuncture were found in 34 studies (54.0%). Live birth rate was reported in only 18 (28.1%) primary studies, of which 10 (55.6%) showed positive results. In addition, only 8 and 2 systematic reviews showed that acupuncture could increase clinical pregnancy events and live birth events, respectively. However, none of these reviews was of high methodological quality.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Available evidence suggests that acupuncture therapy could improve clinical pregnancy rates. However, whether acupuncture could increase live birth events was difficult to determine based on the few studies that have reported this outcome indicator. Furthermore, the methodological quality of most systematic reviews was assessed as critically low or low. Studies with a rigorous design and standardized implementation should be performed to refine the available evidence.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy/methods , China , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 577-584, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940891

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the gene expression characteristics of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with high altitude pulmonary hypertension (HAPH) in Naxi residents living in Lijiang, Yunnan, and to explore the underlying pathogenesis and value for potential drug selection. Methods: This is a case-control study. Six patients with HPAH (HPAH group) and 4 normal subjects (control group) were selected from the Naxi residents who originally lived in Lijiang, Yunnan Province. The general clinical data of the two groups were collected, and the related indexes of pulmonary artery pressure were collected. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells of the subjects were collected for RNA sequencing. The differences on gene expression, regulatory network of transcription factors and drug similarity between the two groups were compared. The results were compared with the public data of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Biological processes and signal pathways were analyzed and compared between HPAH and IPAH patients. Results: The age of 6 patients with HAPH was (68.1±8.3) years old, and there were 2 males (2/6). The age of 4 subjects in the control group was (62.3±10.9) years old, and there were 2 males (2/4). Tricuspid regurgitation velocity, tricuspid pressure gradient and pulmonary systolic pressure in HAPH group were significantly higher than those in control group (all P<0.05). The results of RNA sequencing showed that compared with the control group, 174 genes were significantly upregulated and 169 genes were downregulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of HAPH group. These differentially expressed genes were associated with 220 biological processes, 52 molecular functions and 23 cell components. A total of 21 biological processes and 2 signal pathways differed between HPAH and IPAH groups, most of which were related to inflammation and immune response. ZNF384, SP1 and STAT3 were selected as highly correlated transcription factors by transcription factor prediction analysis. Trichostatin A and vorinostat were screened out as potential drugs for the treatment of HAPH by drug similarity analysis. Conclusions: There are significant differences in gene expression in peripheral blood monocytes between HAPH patients and normal population, and inflammation and immune dysfunction are the main pathogenic factors. Trichostatin A and Vorinostat are potential drugs for the treatment of HAPH.


Subject(s)
Aged , Altitude , Altitude Sickness/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension/genetics , Humans , Hydroxamic Acids/therapeutic use , Hypertension, Pulmonary/genetics , Inflammation , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Transcription Factors , Transcriptome/genetics , Vorinostat/therapeutic use
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940691

ABSTRACT

Zuojinwan originated from Danxi′s Experiential Therapy (《丹溪心法》) in the Yuan dynasty. It is a representative prescription for the treatment of liver fire invading stomach syndrome, and is also one of the typical prescriptions of the anti-adjuvant method of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In this paper, the method of bibliometrics was used to systematically sort out the ancient books of Zuojinwan, and 729 relevant literature data were obtained. After certain retrieval and screening, 57 ancient books of TCM were finally obtained. The statistics and analysis were carried out from the aspects of prescription source, historical evolution, composition, functions, evolution of prescription meaning, prescription dose, and preparation and usage of Zuojinwan. It was found that Zuojinwan was composed of Coptis chinensis rhizoma and Euodia rutaecarpa fructus in a ratio of 6∶1. It was mainly used for the treatment of liver fire invading stomach syndrome. The symptoms included pain in chest and hypochondrium, vomiting and bitter mouth, noisy acid-swallowing, red tongue coating yellow, and pulse string number. Later medical records recorded that Zuojinwan was mostly consistent with the original prescription. It mainly treated various diseases caused by liver fire, including left by liver fire, including left hypochondriac pain, swallowing acid and vomiting acid, tendon hernia and lump, epigastric pain, bitter mouth pulse string, head pain, diarrhea, gonorrhea, cold and hot, abdominal pain, alcohol wet yellowing, silence of oral dysentery and so on. There was little controversy in the analysis of relevant prescriptions. In the past dynasties, pills was mainly used, which was consistent with the original prescription. In modern times, it is mainly water flooding for pills or steamed cakes for pills, warm boiling water to serve 6 g, taking 2-3 g per time, the history is basically the same. In this paper, through the excavation, collation and systematic analysis of the ancient literature of TCM that recorded Zuojinwan, we hope to provide the literature basis for the development, inheritance and utilization of this famous classical formulas.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939520

ABSTRACT

The systematic reviews (SRs) of acupuncture published before December 31 of 2020 in PubMed, Cochrane and EMbase databases were searched, and the publication overview of international acupuncture SRs were analyzed. As a result, a total of 717 SRs were included, and the overall number of published SRs showed a fluctuating upward trend. A total of 15 categories of diseases were involved, of which 113 SRs suggested that acupuncture was effective, and 12 SRs did not support acupuncture, and the remaining SRs showed uncertain conclusions. It is suggested that the standard of evidence-based medicine should be adopted to standardize the design of acupuncture trial and improve the level of clinical research; SRs should include high-quality literature that met the standards according to the principles and methods of PRISMA, so as to provide reliable clinical evidence for acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Evidence-Based Medicine , Periodicals as Topic , PubMed
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the completion time of endotracheal intubation and laryngeal mask implantation in operating room and on slope of ski resort, and to discuss the optimal method of estab-lishing artificial airway on slope of ski resort.@*METHODS@#The simulator was placed with the head under the feet on slope of ski resort. The artificial airway was established by tracheal intubation assisted by video laryngoscope (endotracheal intubation group) and laryngeal mask placement (laryngeal mask group) respectively by an anesthesiologist who wore full set of ski suits, helmets, goggles, gloves and ski boots. Each method was repeated 5 times, and the operation time of artificial airway establishment was recorded. While the simulated human was placed flat on the operating table in an operating room of a hospital, and the artificial airway was established by the same anesthesiologist using the same methods. Time was recorded and repeated for 5 times. The completion time of endotracheal intubation and laryngeal mask placement in the operating room and on the ski slope were compared.@*RESULTS@#The operating time of tracheal intubation in the operating room was longer than that of laryngeal mask placement [(79.8±10.4) s vs. (53.4±2.7) s, P=0.005], and the operating time of endotracheal intubation on the ski slope was longer than that of laryngeal mask placement [(209.2±32.7) s vs. (72.2±3.1) s, P=0.001]. The time of endotracheal intubation group on the slope of the ski resort was longer than that in the opera-ting room(t=-7.851, P=0.001). The time of laryngeal mask group on the slope was longer than that in the operating room (t=-19.391, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#On ski slope, both of tracheal intubation assisted by video laryngoscope and laryngeal mask placement can quickly complete the establishment of artificial airway, but the time required is longer than that in the operating room. The time of laryngeal mask placement to establish artificial airway is shorter than that of tracheal intubation assisted video laryngoscope, which may have a certain advantage in ski rescue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intubation, Intratracheal , Laryngeal Masks , Laryngoscopes , Operating Rooms
9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 851-854, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934819

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the influence of reproductive health education in middle school on self efficacy and intention of condom use among college freshmen, so as to provide evidence for fertility protection related intervention and policy making.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted among college freshmen in Beijing by hierarchical cluster sampling method. A total of 3 001 students were surveyed. The difference was compared by using χ 2 test and ANOVA. Multivariate linear and Logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors associated with condom use self efficacy and condom use intention.@* Results@#The overall rate that reproductive health education received before college among freshmen in Beijing was 65.11%. The college freshmen from urban areas reported more adequate reproductive health education (71.11%) than those from non urban areas before college (59.36%)( P <0.05). The total scores of UNGASS (4.22±0.90 vs 4.05±0.98), condom use self efficacy (24.64±5.34 vs 23.09±4.93) and the intention of condom use (82.44% vs 70.88%) of college freshmen received reproductive health education in middle school were higher than those of college students without pre college reproductive health education( P <0.01). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the score of condom use self efficacy of college students received pre college reproductive health education was higher than those without pre college reproductive health education( β =1.21, 95% CI =0.79-1.63, P <0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that reproductive health, the intention of condom use of college freshmen who received pre college reproductive health education was higher than that of college freshmen without reproductive health education( OR =1.63, 95% CI =1.33-2.01, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Reproductive health education in middle school can improve college freshmen s self efficacy and intention of condom use, contribute to the implementation of safe sex, and is of great significance to the protection of college students fertility.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 126-133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933850

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate perirenal adipose tissue inflammation in obesity-related glomerulopathy induced by a high-fat diet in C57BL/6J mice and further explore its probable mechanism.Methods:Twelve 8-10-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were divided into normal diet group (ND, n=6) and high-fat diet group (HFD, n=6) using simple random sampling method. After 14 weeks, the blood and kidney tissue were sampled, and the pathological change in the kidney and perirenal adipose tissue was observed by hematoxylin-eosin, periodic acid-Schiff, and Masson staining. The mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), M1-type macrophage marker CD11c, interleukin (IL)-1β, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), IL-10, transforming growth factor-β1, M2-type macrophage marker CD206 and fibronectin 1 in perirenal fat was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. The expression of macrophages marker F4/80, CD68 and leukocyte common antigen (LCA) in the kidney and perirenal adipose tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. Results:After 14 weeks of feeding, compared with mice in the ND group, the weight of mice in the HFD group was significantly higher [(35.83±1.19) g vs (24.06±0.37) g, P<0.05]. In the HFD group, perirenal adipocyte hyperplasia, accompanied by glomerular hyperplasia, mesangial matrix hyperplasia and renal interstitial fibrosis, and other pathological changes was observed (all P<0.05). The level of blood glucose, blood lipid, serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen was also significantly higher (all P<0.05). The mRNA expression of TNF-α, CD11c, IL-1β and MCP-1 related to M1 macrophages in the perirenal adipose tissue was higher (all P<0.05), and immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of F4/80, CD68 and LCA in the perirenal adipose tissue was higher in HFD group (all P<0.05). The above results showed that the number of macrophages and inflammatory cells in the perirenal adipose tissue was significantly greater in the HFD group than those in the ND group. Pearson linear correlation analysis showed that the average perirenal fat area was positively correlated with macrophages number in perirenal adipose tissue, several morphological indexes such as glomerular cross-sectional area and renal function injury indexes such as blood urea nitrogen (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The C57BL/6J mice model of obesity-related glomerulopathy induced by a high-fat diet is successfully established, and the perirenal adipose tissue shows an obvious inflammatory response, with the macrophages significantly polarized mainly in the pro-inflammatory direction towards the M1-type macrophages.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 373-378, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933088

ABSTRACT

Sarcopenia is becoming one of the challenges that is associated with worse quality of life and death.Accurate evaluation of skeletal muscle quantity and quality is the most important for the screening and diagnosing sarcopenia.Compared with other imaging evaluation methods, ultrasound examination is a portable, no-ionizing radiation and inexpensive technique, and especially has a high repeatability.After a comprehensive overview of the imaging tests assessing skeletal muscle, this review summarized ultrasound examination requirements for assessing skeletal muscle, measurement parameters, and future perspectives.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930938

ABSTRACT

Conversion therapy has become the core in the treatment of borderline resectable or unresectable liver cancer, which provides resectable opportunities for more advanced liver cancer patients. In accordance with the first-choice treatment regimen recommended by the guidelines, the authors reported a successful case of Atezolizumab and Bevacizumab (T+A regimen) conversion therapy. The patient with initially borderline resectable advanced liver cancer was performed liver segment resection sucessfully after conversion therapy, and non-tumor recurrence was observed at postoperative 9 months. Postoperative pathological examination showed combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma, which also indicated the important value of T+A regimen in the conversion therapy of combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930328

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness of early levothyroxine intervention in pregnancy complicated with hypothyroidism.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 132 pregnant patients with hypothyroidism admitted to the Department of Endocrinology, Anyang People’s Hospital from Nov. 2018 to Sep. 2021. Among them, 68 cases with levothyroxine sodium early intervention were included in the intervention group, and 64 cases without intervention were included in the non-intervention group. The differences in vascular endothelial function indexes, thyroid function indexes, and blood lipid indexes before and after treatment in the intervention group were compared with those in the non-intervention group. The incidence of obstetric complications such as preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, and adverse pregnancy outcomes of abortion and neonatal asphyxia were compared between the two groups. SPSS 21.0 software was used to process data, measurement data were subjected to t test, and enumeration data were subjected to χ 2 test. Results:After treatment, the endothelium-dependent brachial artery blood flow-mediated vasodilation index (FMD) index, nitric oxide (NO) , and endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels in the intervention group were significantly better than those in the non-intervention group [ (10.37%) ±1.54%) vs (7.25% ± 1.09%) , (60.85 ± 7.03) umol/L vs (39.11 ± 4.31) umol/L, (112.96 ± 13.58) umol/L vs (238.85 ± 26.05) umol/L]. After treatment, the serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in the intervention group was significantly lower than that in the non-intervention group [ (2.25±0.26) mU/L vs (8.79±1.60) mU/L] ( P<0.001) . After treatment, the levels of total cholesterol (TC) , triacylglycerol (TG) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in the intervention group were significantly lower than those in the non-intervention group [ (3.52±0.91) mmol/L vs (6.51±1.31) mmol/L L, (1.30±0.31) mmol/L vs (1.44±0.36) mmol/L, (2.29±0.31) mmol/L vs (3.32±0.44) mmol/L] ( P<0.001, P=0.036, P<0.001) . The incidence of obstetric complications such as preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, premature rupture of membranes, and abnormal amniotic fluid volume in the intervention group were significantly lower than those in the non-intervention group (5.88% vs 17.19%, 1.47% vs 9.38%, 10.29% vs. 23.44%, 2.94% vs 12.50%) ( P=0.041, 0.043, 0.043, 0.038) ; the incidence of miscarriage, premature birth, neonatal asphyxia, cesarean section and other adverse pregnancy outcomes in the intervention group were significantly lower than those in the non-intervention group (1.47% vs 9.38%, 4.69% vs 15.36%, 2.94% vs 10.94%, 57.35% vs 75.00%) ( P=0.043, 0.031, 0.038, 0.033) . Conclusion:Early intervention with levothyroxine in pregnancy complicated with hypothyroidism is beneficial to improve thyroid function, reduce blood lipid level, protect vascular endothelial function, reduce related obstetric complications, and reduce the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes for mothers and infants.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928873

ABSTRACT

CT image based organ segmentation is essential for radiotherapy treatment planning, and it is laborious and time consuming to outline the endangered organs and target areas before making radiation treatment plans. This study proposes a fully automated segmentation method based on fusion convolutional neural network to improve the efficiency of physicians in outlining the endangered organs and target areas. The CT images of 170 postoperative cervical cancer stage IB and IIA patients were selected for network training and automatic outlining of bladder, rectum, femoral head and CTV, and the neural network was used to localize easily distinguishable vessels around the target area to achieve more accurate outlining of CTV.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Neural Networks, Computer , Organs at Risk , Pelvis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928339

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy in the treatment of adjacent segment lumbar disc herniation after lumbar fusion.@*METHODS@#From February 2010 to June 2018, 64 patients with adjacent segment lumbar disc herniation after lumbar fusion were retrospectively analyzed and divided into observation group and control group. In observation group, there were 23 males and 10 females performed with percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy, including 27 cases of single segment fusion and 6 cases of double segment fusion, aged from 55 to 83 years old with an average of (65.7±7.4) years old. In control group, there were 22 males and 9 females performed with traditional open fusion revision, including 25 cases of single-segment fusion and 6 cases of double segment fusion, aged from 51 to 78 years old with an average of(64.8±7.8) years old. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy times, postoperative ambulation time and length of postoperative hospital stay were recorded. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by visual analogue scale(VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index(ODI). The complications between two groups were observed.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for at least 2 years. The observation group patients were followed up with an average of (2.4±0.5) years. The control group patients were followed up with an average of(2.6±0.7) years. Compared with control group, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative ambulation time and length of postoperative hospital stay of the observation group were significantly reduced (P<0.05), and the fluoroscopy times of observation group were significantly increased compared with control group(P<0.05). The VAS of low back and lower limb, and ODI at the latest follow-up between two groups were all significantly improved compared to those of pre-operation (P<0.05). The VAS of low back at each point and ODI at 1, 3 months after operation in observation group was significantly reduced compared with control group(P<0.05), however there was no significant difference in VAS for lower limb between two groups (P>0.05). The difference of complications between two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional open fusion revision surgery, percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy for the treatment of adjacent segment lumbar disc herniation after lumbar fusion has the advantages of reducing operation time and intra-operative blood loss, shortening ambulation time and the length of postoperative hospital stay, and promoting pain and functional improvement, and decrease incidence of complications. However, long-term clinical efficacy needs further study.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Loss, Surgical , Diskectomy , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical efficacy of chiropractic manipulation in the treatment of degenerative scoliosis (DS).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to September 2019, 120 patients with degenerative scoliosis were randomly divided into treatment group (60 cases) and control group(60 cases). The patients in treatment group were treated with chiropractic manipulation once every other day for 4 weeks. The patients in control group were treated with eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with thoracolumbar orthopedic(TSLO)brace, oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets 50 mg three times a day, wearing TSLO brace for not less than 8 hours a day. The course of treatment was 4 weeks. After the patients were selected into the group, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were recorded before treatment, 1, 2, 3, 4 weeks after treatment and 1 month after treatment. The full length X-ray of the spine was taken before and 4 weeks after treatment, and the scoliosis Cobb angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and lumbar lordosis (LL) were measured and compared. The adverse reactions during the treatment were recorded.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in VAS and ODI between two groups at each time point after treatment (P<0.001), VAS and ODI at 2 weeks after treatment (PVAS=0.025, PODI=0.032) and 3 weeks after treatment(PVAS=0.040, PODI=0.044) in treatment group were significantly different from those in control group, but there was no significant difference in VAS and ODI at other time points between treatment group and control group (P>0.05). There was significant difference in Cobb angle between treatment group(P=0.010) and control group(P=0.017) after treatment, but there was no significant difference in LL and SVA between treatment group and control group. There was no significant difference in Cobb angle, LL and SVA between two groups before and after treatment. During the treatment, there were 4 mild adverse reactions in the control group and no adverse reactions in the treatment group.@*CONCLUSION@#Chiropractic manipulation can effectively relieve pain and improve lumbar function in patients with degenerative scoliosis. The onset of action is faster than that oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with TSLO brace, and it has better safety and can improve Cobb angle of patients with degenerative scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lordosis , Lumbar Vertebrae , Manipulation, Chiropractic , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/therapy , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928219

ABSTRACT

Brain functional network changes over time along with the process of brain development, disease, and aging. However, most of the available measurements for evaluation of the difference (or similarity) between the individual brain functional networks are for charactering static networks, which do not work with the dynamic characteristics of the brain networks that typically involve a long-span and large-scale evolution over the time. The current study proposes an index for measuring the similarity of dynamic brain networks, named as dynamic network similarity (DNS). It measures the similarity by combining the "evolutional" and "structural" properties of the dynamic network. Four sets of simulated dynamic networks with different evolutional and structural properties (varying amplitude of changes, trend of changes, distribution of connectivity strength, range of connectivity strength) were generated to validate the performance of DNS. In addition, real world imaging datasets, acquired from 13 stroke patients who were treated by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), were used to further validate the proposed method and compared with the traditional similarity measurements that were developed for static network similarity. The results showed that DNS was significantly correlated with the varying amplitude of changes, trend of changes, distribution of connectivity strength and range of connectivity strength of the dynamic networks. DNS was able to appropriately measure the significant similarity of the dynamics of network changes over the time for the patients before and after the tDCS treatments. However, the traditional methods failed, which showed significantly differences between the data before and after the tDCS treatments. The experiment results demonstrate that DNS may robustly measure the similarity of evolutional and structural properties of dynamic networks. The new method appears to be superior to the traditional methods in that the new one is capable of assessing the temporal similarity of dynamic functional imaging data.


Subject(s)
Aging/physiology , Brain/physiology , Brain Mapping , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Nerve Net/physiology , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation/methods
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927429

ABSTRACT

To explore the influencing factors of acupuncture curative effect in literature of experts' experience. The journal literature of experts' experience was retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and PubMed, starting from inception to September 4, 2020, and the influencing factors of acupuncture curative effect were extracted and analyzed. A total of 499 articles were included, involving 495 articles in Chinese and 4 articles in English. The influencing factors of acupuncture curative effect mainly include five aspects: diagnostic method, acupoint selection of acupuncture, acupuncture manipulation, regulating mind of acupuncture and acupuncture time, and provide reference for acupuncture protocol design in clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , PubMed , Publications
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927364

ABSTRACT

The clinical evidences on acupuncture and moxibustion for the treatment of frozen shoulder were sorted and summarized systematically. The relevant articles of frozen shoulder treated with acupuncture and moxibustion were searched from PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane database of systematic review (CDSR), Cochrane database of controlled trials register (CENTRAL), China national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang, VIP, and Chinese biomedical literature databases (SinoMed), from database inception to May 31, 2021. Using AMSTAR-2, the methodological quality of the included systematic reviews was evaluated. With evidence map, the current status of clinical evidence was summarized on acupuncture and moxibustion in treatment of frozen shoulder. A total of 266 original studies and 6 systematic reviews were included finally. At present, many randomized controlled trials are designed with small sample size and the simple acupuncture and moxibustion therapy is dominant as the intervention, e.g. warm acupuncture, acupuncture with filiform needle, acupotomy and electroacupuncture. The outcomes considered in the current trials focus on clinical effective rate, the score of shoulder pain, the score of shoulder function and the score of quality of life. Most of the studies have shown that acupuncture and moxibustion is advantageous as an adjunctive therapy for frozen shoulder, but its clinical evidence is few in terms of the recurrence rate and safety. Moreover, it needs to improve the evidence quality of the relevant studies on acupuncture and moxibustion for frozen shoulder.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Bursitis/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Moxibustion , Quality of Life
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926575

ABSTRACT

Background@#Perineural dexamethasone has been regarded as a promising adjunct for prolonging the duration of nerve blocks. However, it is uncertain whether its effects are due to local effects on the nerves or from systemic absorption. This systematic review aimed to compare the duration of postoperative analgesia associated with perineural versus intravenous dexamethasone as an adjunct to peripheral nerve blocks. @*Methods@#A total of 2,216 relevant academic articles were identified after a comprehensive search of PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov from 1967 until 2020. All randomized controlled trials that compared perineural and intravenous dexamethasone as adjuncts to peripheral nerve limb blocks were included. @*Results@#Fifteen randomized controlled trials (1,467 cases; 738 perineural dexamethasone, 729 intravenous dexamethasone) were eligible. The primary outcome (duration of analgesia) was significantly longer in the perineural than in the intravenous dexamethasone group (mean difference [MD]: 2.72 h, 95% CI [1.42, 4.01], P < 0.001). Perineural dexamethasone was also found to prolong the sensory block (MD: 3.45 h, 95% CI [1.36, 5.54], P = 0.001) and lower 24 h postoperative pain scores (MD: −0.74 h, 95% CI [−1.40, −0.07], P = 0.03). @*Conclusions@#This review confirms the greater efficacy of perineural compared to intravenous dexamethasone in prolonging the analgesic duration of peripheral nerve blocks. However, the extent of prolongation was small and may not represent a clinically meaningful difference.

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