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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3890-3903, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981522

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the intervention effect of Chuanxiong-Chishao herb pair(CX-CS) on a myocardial infarction-atherosclerosis(MI-AS) mouse model and investigate its effect on the expression profile of circular RNAs(circRNAs)/long non-coding RNAs(lncRNAs) in ischemic myocardium and aorta. Sixty male ApoE~(-/-) mice were randomly assigned to a model group, high-, medium-, and low-dose CX-CS groups(7.8, 3.9, and 1.95 g·kg~(-1)), and a positive drug group(metoprolol 26 mg·kg~(-1) and simvastatin 5.2 mg·kg~(-1)), with 12 mice in each group. Male C57BL/6J mice were assigned to the sham group. The mice in the model group and the groups with drug intervention were fed on a high-fat diet for 10 weeks, followed by anterior descending coronary artery ligation. After that, the mice were fed on a high-fat diet for another two weeks to induce the MI-AS model. The mice in the sham group received normal feed, followed by sham surgery without coronary artery ligation. Mice in the groups with drug intervention received CX-CS or positive drug by gavage for four weeks from the 9th week of high-fat feeding, and those in the model group and the sham group received an equal volume of normal saline. Whole transcriptome sequencing was performed on the heart and aorta tissues of the medium-dose CX-CS group, the model group, and the sham group after administration. The results showed that the medium-and high-dose CX-CS groups showed improved cardiac function and reduced myocardial fibrosis area, and the medium-dose CX-CS group showed significantly reduced plaque area. CX-CS treatment could reverse the expression of circRNA_07227 and circRNA_11464 in the aorta of AS model and circRNA expression(such as circRNA_11505) in the heart of the MI model. Differentially expressed circRNAs between the CX-CS-treated mice and the model mice were mainly enriched in lipid synthesis, lipid metabolism, lipid transport, inflammation, and angiogenesis in the aorta, and in angiogenesis, blood pressure regulation, and other processes in the heart. CX-CS treatment could reverse the expression of lncRNAs such as ENSMUST00000162209 in the aorta of the AS model and TCONS_00002123 in the heart of the MI model. Differentially expressed lncRNAs between the CX-CS-treated mice and model mice were mainly enriched in lipid metabolism, angiogenesis, autophagy, apoptosis, and iron death in the aorta, and in angiogenesis, autophagy, and iron death in the heart. In summary, CX-CS can regulate the expression of a variety of circRNAs and lncRNAs, and its intervention mechanism in coronary heart disease may be related to the regulation of angiogenesis and inflammation in ischemic myocardium, as well as lipid metabolism, lipid transport, inflammation, angiogenesis in AS aorta.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Lipids , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Myocardial Infarction/genetics , RNA, Circular/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 737-744, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927957

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the mechanism of components in stasis-resolving and collateral-dredging Chinese herbal medicines, including scutellarin(Scu), paeonol(Pae), and hydroxy safflower yellow A(HSYA), in the treatment of psoriasis by regulating angiogenesis and inflammation. The human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) cultured in vitro were divided into a normal group, a model group, a VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor Ⅱ(VRI) group, and Scu, Pae, and HSYA groups with low, me-dium, and high doses. Cell viability was detected by the CCK-8 assay. Cell migration was detected by wound healing assay. Tube formation assay was used to measure the tube formation ability. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of the VEGFR2/Akt/ERK1/2 signaling pathway. The secretion levels of inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α were detected by ELISA. The results showed that compared with the model group, all the Scu, Pae, and HSYA groups could reduce cell viability, inhibit cell migration and tube formation(P<0.05, P<0.01), and down-regulated the protein expression of VEGFR2, p-VEGFR2, Akt, p-Akt, ERK1/2, and p-ERK1/2. Scu and Pae could down-regulate VEGFR2 expression(P<0.05, P<0.01), while other groups only showed a downward trend. Scu and Pae significantly reduced IFN-γ and IL-6 levels(P<0.01), and HSYA significantly reduced the levels of IFN-γ, IL-1β, and IL-6(P<0.01). Scu, Pae, and HSYA had no significant effect on TNF-α. The results suggested that Scu, Pae, and HSYA may exert a therapeutic role in psoriasis-related angiogenesis and inflammation by inhibiting VEGFR2/Akt/ERK1/2 signaling pathway and inhibiting the secretion of IFN-γ, IL-1β, and IL-6.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , China , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
3.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 858-866, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of platelet and coagulation function with blood stasis syndrome (BSS) in coronary heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#The protocol for this meta-analysis was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42019129452). PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (Embase), the Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched from inception to 1st June, 2020. Trials were considered eligible if they enrolled BSS and non-BSS (NBSS) patients with CHD and provided information on platelet and coagulation function. The platelet function, coagulation function, and fibrinolytic activity were compared between the BSS and NBSS groups. Forest plots were generated to show the SMDs or ESs with corresponding 95% CIs for each study. Subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis were performed to explore potential sources of heterogeneity.@*RESULTS@#The systematic search identified 1,583 articles. Thirty trials involving 10,323 patients were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed that mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width, platelet aggregation rate, platelet P selectin, fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), thromboxane B2 (TXB2), 6-keto-prostaglandin F1alpha (6-keto-PGF1 α), and TXB2/6-keto-PGF1 α were higher in the BSS group than in the NBSS group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Activated partial thromboplastin time was lower in the BSS group than in the NBSS group in the acute phase of CHD (P<0.01). The R and K values in thromboelastography and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and t-PA/PAI-1 were lower in the BSS group than in the NBSS group (all P<0.01). No difference was found in the results of platelet count, plateletcrit, maximum amplitude, von Willebrand factor, prothrombin time, thrombin time, international normalized ratio, etc. between groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increased platelet function, hypercoagulability, and decreased fibrinolytic activity were found among CHD patients with BSS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Coagulation , Blood Platelets , Coronary Disease , Platelet Aggregation , Tissue Plasminogen Activator
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4486-4490, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775316

ABSTRACT

Ischemic cerebrovascular disease and cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury threaten the health of human being. We studied the protective effect of Ginkgo biloba extract 50 (EGb50) on the mitochondrial function in SH-SY5Y cells after hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury and explored its mechanisms, so as to provide new ideas for studies on the treatment for ischemic cerebrovascular disease. We established the H/R injury model in SH-SY5Y cells after administrating EGb50. Subsequently, the mitochondrial membrane potential and the concentration of intracellular Ca²⁺ were measured by flow cytometer. The levels of optic atrophy1 (Opa1) and dynamin-like protein 1 (Drp1) were evaluated by immunofluorescence and western blot. The results showed that the mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased and the level of intracellular Ca²⁺ was increased after H/R injury. Moreover, the expression of mitochondrial fusion protein Opa1 was decreased, while the expression of mitochondrial fission protein Drp1 was increased. However, EGb50 significantly increased the mitochondrial membrane potential and suppressed the level of intracellular Ca²⁺. In addition, EGb50 increased the expression of Opa1 and decreased the expression of Drp1. The results demonstrated that EGb50 has a neuroprotective effect on SH-SY5Y cells after H/R injury, and could improve the energy metabolism and mitochondrial function. The underlying mechanisms may be associated with the regulation of mitochondrial fusion and fission, which provided data support for the treatment of ischemic cerebrovascular disease with EGb50.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Hypoxia , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Mitochondria , Plant Extracts , Reperfusion Injury
5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 770-775, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705125

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protection mecha-nism of the extraction of the saffron crocus in ischemia/reperfusion rats. Methods Hematoxylin-eosin stai-ning, electron microscopy, and neurological assess-ments were performed in a transient middle cerebral ar-tery occlusion ( tMCAO ) rat model. The role of dy-namin-related protein 1 ( Drp1 ) and optic atrophy 1 ( Opa1 ) , the two key regulators of mitochondrial fis-sion and fusion in ischemic brain damage in vivo were observed. Results In ischemia/reperfusion rats, the extraction of the saffron crocus increased the level of protein Opa1 and decreased the level of protein Drp1 . Conclusions Inhibition of Drp1 and promotion of Opa1 , which means to maintain balancing mitochondri-al dynamics, is proposed as an efficient strategy for neuroprotection against ischemic brain damage.

6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 494-501, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691393

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the pro-angiogenic effects of paeoniflorin (PF) in a vascular insufficiency model of zebrafish and in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In vivo, the pro-angiogenic effects of PF were tested in a vascular insufficiency model in the Tg(fli-1:EGFP)y1 transgenic zebrafish. The 24 h post fertilization (hpf) embryos were pretreated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor II (VRI) for 3 h to establish the vascular insufficiency model and then post-treated with PF for 24 h. The formation of intersegmental vessels (ISVs) was observed with a fluorescence microscope. The mRNA expression of fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (flt-1), kinase insert domain receptor (kdr), kinase insert domain receptor like (kdrl) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In vitro, the pro-angiogenic effects of PF were observed in HUVECs in which cell proliferation, migration and tube formation were assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PF (6.25-100 μmol/L) could rescue VRI-induced blood vessel loss in zebrafish and PF (25-100 μmol/L), thereby restoring the mRNA expressions of flt-1, kdr, kdrl and vWF, which were down-regulated by VRI treatment. In addition, PF (0.001-0.03 μmol/L) could promote the proliferation of HUVECs while PF stimulated HUVECs migration at 1.0-10 μmol/L and tube formation at 0.3 μmol/L.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PF could promote angiogenesis in a vascular insufficiency model of zebrafish in vivo and in HUVECs in vitro.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Animals, Genetically Modified , Cells, Cultured , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Embryo, Nonmammalian , Glucosides , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Physiology , Monoterpenes , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Phytotherapy , Vascular Diseases , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Zebrafish
7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 654-662, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327188

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the synergistic effects of Chuanxiong-Chishao herb-pair (CCHP) on promoting angiogenesis in silico and in vivo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mechanisms of action of an herb-pair, Chuanxiong-Chishao, were investigated using the network pharmacological and pharmacodynamic strategies involving computational drug target prediction and network analysis, and experimental validation. A set of network pharmacology methods were created to study the herbs in the context of targets and diseases networks, including prediction of target profiles and pharmacological actions of main active compounds in Chuanxiong and Chishao. Furthermore, the therapeutic effects and putative molecular mechanisms of Chuanxiong-Chishao actions were experimentally validated in a chemical-induced vascular insuffificiency model of transgenic zebrafifish in vivo. The mRNA expression of the predicted targets were further analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The computational prediction results found that the compounds in Chuanxiong have antithrombotic, antihypertensive, antiarrhythmic, and antiatherosclerotic activities, which were closely related to protecting against hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction and heart failure. In addition, compounds in Chishao were found to participate in anti-inflflammatory effect and analgesics. Particularly, estrogen receptor α (ESRα) and hypoxia-inducible factor 1-α (HIF-1α) were the most important potential protein targets in the predicted results. In vivo experimental validation showed that post-treatment of tetramethylpyrazine hydrochloride (TMP•HCl) and paeoniflorin (PF) promoted the regeneration of new blood vessels in zebrafifish involving up-regulating ESRα mRNA expression. Co-treatment of TMP•HCl and PF could enhance the vessel sprouting in chemical-induced vascular insuffificiency zebrafifish at the optimal compatibility proportion of PF 10 μmol/L with TMP•HCl 1 μmol/L.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The network pharmacological strategies combining drug target prediction and network analysis identified some putative targets of CCHP. Moreover, the transgenic zebrafifish experiments demonstrated that the Chuanxiong-Chishao combination synergistically promoted angiogenic activity, probably involving ESRα signaling pathway.</p>

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 640-643, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275485

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases have the characteristics of high morbidity and high mortality, and are recognized as the first cause of death by World Health Organization in World Health Statistics 2016. In recent years, traditional Chinese medicines have been widely applied in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, while studies for integrated traditional Chinese and western medicines for treating cardiovascular diseases have made a great progress. Xiongshao capsule was developed by Academician Chen Keji according to classic formula Xuefu Zhuyu decoction and composed of effective parts of Rhizoma Ligusticum Wallichii and Radix Paeonia Rubra, with remarkable therapeutic effects on angina pectoris, restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI), atherosclerosis, dyslipidemia and so on. In this review, basic and clinical studies for the effect of Xiongshao capsule in treating cardiovascular diseases were reviewed to provide reference for reasonable clinical use and example for new traditional Chinese medicine development and application under the guidance of theory of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicines.

9.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 420-429, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310860

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study aimed at investigating whether notoginsenoside R1 (R1), a unique saponin found in Panax notoginseng could promote angiogenic activity on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and elucidate their potential molecular mechanisms. In addition, vascular restorative activities of R1 was assessed in a chemically-induced blood vessel loss model in zebrafish.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The in vitro angiogenic effect of R1 was compared with other previously reported angiogenic saponins Rg1 and Re. The HUVECs proliferation in the presence of R1 was determined by cell proliferation kit II (XTT) assay. R1, Rg1 and Re-induced HUVECs invasion across polycarbonate membrane was stained with Hoechst-33342 and quantified microscopically. Tube formation assay using matrigelcoated wells was performed to evaluate the pro-angiogenic actions of R1. In order to understand the mechanism underlying the pro-angiogenic effect, various pathway inhibitors such as SU5416, wortmannin (wort) or L-Nω-nitro- L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME), SH-6 were used to probe the possible involvement of signaling pathway in the R1 mediated HUVECs proliferation. In in vivo assays, zebrafish embryos at 21 hpf were pre-treated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor kinase inhibitor II (VRI) for 3 h only and subsequently post-treated with R1 for 48 h, respectively. The intersegmental vessels (ISVs) in zebrafish were assessed for the restorative effect of R1 on defective blood vessels.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>R1 could stimulate the proliferation of HUVECs. In the chemoinvasion assay, R1 significantly increased the number of cross-membrane HUVECs. In addition, R1 markedly enhanced the tube formation ability of HUVECs. The proliferative effects of these saponins on HUVECs were effectively blocked by the addition of SU5416 (a VEGF-KDR/Flk-1 inhibitor). Similarly, pre-treatment with wort [a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-kinase inhibitor], L-NAME [an endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) inhibitor] or SH-6 (an Akt pathway inhibitor) significantly abrogated the R1 induced proliferation of HUVECs. In chemicallyinduced blood vessel loss model in zebrafish, R1 significantly rescue the damaged ISVs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>R1, similar to Rg1 and Re, had been showed pro-angiogenic action, possibly via the activation of the VEGF-KDR/Flk-1 and PI3K-Akt-eNOS signaling pathways. Our findings also shed light on intriguing pro-angiogenic effect of R1 under deficient angiogenesis condition in a pharmacologic-induced blood vessels loss model in zebrafish. The present study in vivo and in vitro provided scientific evidence to explain the ethnomedical use of Panax notoginseng in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, traumatic injuries and wound healing.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Blood Vessels , Pathology , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Collagen , Pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Combinations , Ginsenosides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Physiology , Laminin , Pharmacology , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Proteoglycans , Pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 , Metabolism , Zebrafish
10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 361-368, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310838

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether I-tetrahydropalmatine (I-THP), an alkaloid mainly present in Corydalis family, could ameliorate early vascular inflammatory responses in atherosclerotic processes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fluorescently labeled monocytes were co-incubated with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), which were pretreated with I-THP and then simulated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in absence of I-THP to determine if I-THP could reduce thecytokine-induced adhesion of monocytes to HUVECs. Then I-THP were further studied the underlying mechanisms through observing the transcriptional and translational level of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor (NF)-κ B in HUVECs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>L-THP could block TNF-α-induced adhesion of monocytes to HUVECs and could significantly inhibited the expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 on cell surface by 31% and 36% at 30 μ mol/L. L-THP pretreatment could also markedly reduce transcriptional and translational level of VCAM-1 as well as mildly reduce the total protein and mRNA expression levels of ICAM-1. Furthermore, I-THP attenuated TNF-α-stimulated NF-κ B nuclear translocation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These results provide evidences supporting that I-THP could be a promising compound in the prevention and treatment of the early vascular inflammatory reaction in atherosclerosis by inhibiting monocyte adhesion to vascular endothelial cell through downregulating ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in vascular endothelial cell based on suppressing NF-κ B.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Berberine Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Cell Adhesion , Cell Nucleus , Metabolism , Down-Regulation , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Monocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Protein Transport , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Pharmacology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics , Metabolism
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1984-1988, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351227

ABSTRACT

To observe the protective effect and mechanism of Sailuotong capsule in focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion. The 90 min middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) reperfusion model was established. The expressions of dynamin-related protein 1 ( Drp1) and optic atrophy 1 (Opa1) were tested by Western blot. The transmission electron microscope was used to observe the changes in the mitochondrial ultra-structure. The pathological morphological changes were observed through the HE staining. The immunohistochemical method was used to test Drp1 and Opa1 expressions. Sailuotong capsule (33, 16.5 mg x kg(-1), ig) can inhibit the abnormal mitochondrial fission and fusion in the cortical area on the ischemia side and the mitochondrial fission gene expression and promote the mitochondrial fusion gene Opa1 expression, so as to alleviate the energy metabolism disorder caused by ischemia/reperfusion. Sailuotong capsule can inhibit the abnormal mitochondrial dynamics in peri-ischemic regions and maintain the normal morphology of mitochondria, which may be the mechanism of Sailuotong capsule in promoting the self-recovery function in the ischemic brain region.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Brain , Metabolism , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , General Surgery , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dynamins , Genetics , Metabolism , GTP Phosphohydrolases , Genetics , Metabolism , Mitochondria , Metabolism
12.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 934-941, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293323

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the synergistic effects of carnosic acid (CA) with arsenic trioxide (As₂O₃) on proliferation and apoptosis in HL-60 human myeloid leukemia cells, and the major cellular signaling pathway involved in these effects.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HL-60 cellular proliferation was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) analysis. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were monitored by flow cytometry. The activation of casepase-9, Bcl-2-associated agonist of cell death (BAD), p-BAD, p27, phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN), Akt, p-Akt was assessed by Western blot analysis. The expression of PTEN mRNA was tested by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CA reduced HL-60 cell viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and induced G1 arrest and apoptosis. Moreover, CA upregulated PTEN expression, blocked the Akt signaling pathway, subsequently inhibited phosphorylation of BAD, reactivated caspase-9, and elevated levels of p27. CA also augmented these effects of As₂O₃.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CA might be a novel candidate of the combination therapy for leukemia treatment; these effects were apparently associated with the modulation of PTEN/Akt signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Arsenicals , Pharmacology , Base Sequence , Blotting, Western , Cell Cycle , DNA Primers , Abietanes , Pharmacology , Drug Synergism , HL-60 Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Metabolism , Pathology , Oxides , Pharmacology , PTEN Phosphohydrolase , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Signal Transduction
13.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 810-813, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245636

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects and its possible mechanism of Naoweikang (NWK), a composite of ginseng and ginkgo extracts, on hippocampal neurotransmitters in APP transgenic mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>P-DAPPV717I transgenic mice were taken as the model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and be treated with different doses of NWK (31 mg/kg and 62 mg/kg) respectively by gastrogavage once per day for 12 weeks. Contents of hippocampal acetylcholine (ACh), monoamine neurotransmitters and their metabolites were determined with high performance liquid chromatography.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with nontransgenic mice, the levels of ACh and 5-HIAA in hippocampus of transgenic mice lowered significantly (P < 0.01), while 5-HT increased significantly (P < 0.05), and the levels of norepinephrine and dopamine increased by 14.6% and 17.7%, respectively. After 12-week administration, the ACh level increased significantly in the two NWK treated groups (P<0.05), and the 5-HT level in the high dose NWK treated group decreased (P<0.05), as compared with those in the untreated transgenic mice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NWK shows a significant regulatory effect on the activities of hippocampal acetylcholine and monoamine system, especially the cholinergic and 5-HT systems, in APP transgenic mice, which might be one of its mechanisms in improving learning and memory of AD model, and therefore, NWK might exert certain curative effect on AD.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Mice , Acetylcholine , Metabolism , Alzheimer Disease , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor , Genetics , Physiology , Biogenic Monoamines , Metabolism , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Ginkgo biloba , Chemistry , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic , Neurotransmitter Agents , Metabolism , Panax , Chemistry , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Genetics , Physiology
14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 206-210, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282409

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of Corocalm (shuguan capsule) on acute myocardial ischemia in anesthetized dogs and its possible therapeutic mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The acute ischemia model was established by ligating the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. Twenty-five dogs were randomly divided into 5 groups (5 dogs in each group): the control group (treated with normal saline 3 mL/kg), the refined Guanxin Capsule group (GXC 200 mg/kg), high and low dose Corocalm groups (48.5 mg/kg for low dose group and 194.0 mg/kg for high dose group) and the Diltiazem group (5 mg/kg). The animals were treated via a single duodenal administration after the model was established. The experiments used epicardial electrocardiogram (EECG) to measure the scope and degree of myocardial ischemia. Simultaneously, the coronary blood flow (CBF) and serum activity levels of creatine phosphokinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured by electromagnetic flow meter and automatic biochemical analyzer respectively. The plasma endothelin (ET) content was quantified by radioimmunoassay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Corocalm (48.5 mg/kg and 194.0 mg/kg) significantly decreased the degree and scope of myocardial ischemia, reduced the infarct area, markedly increased the CBF, and inhibited the increase of CK and LDH activities and ET levels induced by myocardial ischemia/infarction.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Corocalm could improve the state of acute myocardial ischemia and infarction in dogs. The mechanism of action might be correlated to increasing CBF, inhibiting CK and LDH activities and preventing ET release.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Female , Male , Anesthesia , Capsules , Coronary Circulation , Creatine Kinase , Blood , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Endothelins , Blood , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Myocardial Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Pathology
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 484-486, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271861

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide reference material for the adaptation of the study on Chinese phytomedicine to the global research and development of phytomedicine.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Based on research experiences, some problems, such as resources, quality and effective components of Chinese phytomedicine, were discussed, and some suggestions were put forward.</p><p><b>RESULT AND CONCLUSION</b>Facing the opportunity brought by the global research and development of phytomedicine, it is essential to solve several main problems for the global recognition of Chinese phytomedicine.</p>


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Reference Standards , Conservation of Natural Resources , Dosage Forms , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Pharmacognosy , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Technology, Pharmaceutical
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