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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 238-241, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934101

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic data of 108 upper gastrointestinal elevated lesions caused by vascular or hemangioma compression by endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changshu No.1 People's Hospital, Kushan Hospital of Chinese Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Changshu from December 2010 to June 2019 were retrospectively summarized. The results showed that lesions were mainly located in the esophagus [50.9% (55/108)] and stomach [47.2% (51/108)], especially in the middle [40.0% (22/55)] and upper esophagus [36.4% (20/55)], body [66.7% (34/51)] and fundus of stomach [31.4% (16/51)], respectively. The major etiology included splenic artery and aneurysm compression [29.6% (32/108)], aortic compression [23.1% (25/108)], isolated esophageal venous aneurysm compression [13.9% (15/108)] and gastric submucosal vein and venous aneurysm compression [12.0% (13/108)], with diverse endoscopic presentation. The above results suggest that elevated lesions of upper gastrointestinal tract caused by blood vessels and hemangiomas are mostly due to external vascular pressure outside the lumen, but ectopic submucosal arteries and isolated phlebangioma are not uncommon. The lesions are widely distributed with different gastroscopic manifestations. EUS is important for definite diagnosis, and can be combined with color Doppler technique, CT plain scan and angiographic reconstruction if necessary.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 763-767, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871503

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the capability of small intestinal capsule endoscopy with intelligent assistant system based on deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) in the identification and diagnosis of small intestinal bleeding.Methods:A total of 158 235 small intestinal capsule endoscopy images of 1 970 patients were collected from ESView platform (including 3 765 images of 165 patients with small intestinal bleeding) for training of DCNN-based small intestinal capsule endoscopy with intelligent assistant system. In the validation phase, the capability of the system in identification and diagnosis of small intestinal bleeding was verified by images of 100 patients with small intestinal bleeding (10 cases of active bleeding, 31 cases of blood clot and 59 cases of submucosal hemorrhage).Results:Small intestinal bleeding lesions could be identified by the DCNN-based intelligent assistant system, and also could be displayed with mark on the original capsule endoscopy images. This system also could mark multiple bleeding images of the same lesion and multiple different bleeding lesions in the same image. With this system the average reading time of 100 cases of small intestinal bleeding of images the doctors used was (5.23±1.31) minutes per case. The sensitivity of the diagnosis of small intestinal bleeding was 99.00% (95% confidence interval 93.76% to 99.95%).Conclusions:The sensitivity of small intestinal bleeding identification by small intestinal capsule endoscopy with DCNN-based intelligent assistant system is high, which can be used to assist image reading doctors to identify and diagnose of small intestinal bleeding.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811669

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia(NCP) caused by 2019 novel coronavirus has become a global public health challenge. Some patients accompany with liver function damage in addition to the main typical respiratory symptom. Here we analyzed the clinical features, susceptible population, potential causes and therapeutic strategies of NCP related liver injury.

4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1018-1021, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797021

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the current status and related factors of influenza vaccination among health care workers (HCWs) in tertiary hospitals of Xining city after the implementation of the free influenza vaccination policy.@*Methods@#In August 2018, the cluster sampling method was used to select four medical institutions in Xining that had previously conducted investigations and interventions. All HCWs(excluding logistic staff) in each medical institution were included in the study. A total of 3 260 valid respondents were included. Questionnaires were used to collect the demographic characteristics, influenza and influenza vaccination awareness, implementation of free policy in the influenza epidemic season from 2017 to 2018, influenza vaccination status, awareness of influenza vaccination schedule and free policy. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze related factors of influenza vaccination.@*Results@#The age of respondents was (31.41±5.00) years. The influenza vaccination rate was 6.80% (226/3 260) in 2017-2018 influenza epidemic season. After controlling for related factors, the awareness of the influenza vaccination schedule (OR=17.05, 95%CI: 5.86-49.59), vaccination frequency (OR=8.22, 95%CI: 2.98-22.61) and the free policy (OR=3.15, 95%CI: 1.49-6.67) had higher vaccination rate.@*Conclusion@#The influenza vaccination rate of HCWs in tertiary hospitals of Xining city was low. Increasing the awareness of the vaccination schedule, frequency and free policy may promote the influenza vaccination rate of HCWs.

5.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 435-440, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792106

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the diagnostic value of multicolor scanning laser imaging (confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy, cSLO) combined with swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) for lacquer cracks (LC) and myopia stretch lines (MSL) of pathological myopia.Methods A observational study. A total of 83 eyes of 58 patients with pathological myopia were recruited from May 2017 to January 2018 in Department of Ophthalmology of The First People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Among 58 patients, 20 were males (30 eyes) and 38 were females (53 eyes). The mean age was 50.65±12.02 (range from 24 to 70) years old; the average BCVA was 0.37±0.32; the average diopter was?11.38±4.96 D; and the average axial length was 28.91±2.15 mm. All participants underwent FFA and ICGA examination to obtain FFA, ICGA, infrared light reflection (IR) and autofluorescence (AF) images. SS-OCT was applied for scanning macular and optic disc at 9 mm× 9 mm range. cSLO was performed with macular as the center. All images were inspected carefully by three independent observers and the consistency test was detect. LC were diagnosed as hyperreflective line in FFA and hypofluorescent linear lesions in late ICGA. MSL were defined as both hypofluorescent linear lesions in FFA and late ICGA. The accuracy of each inspection item in the diagnosis of LC was detected. The optimal technique was applied with SS-OCT to further explore the detection rate of LC.Results The intra-observer reproducibility was good to excellent for all measurements (Kappa=0.938,P<0.01). The positive detection rate of LC and MSL was highest in the standard images of cSLO (77.1%), followed by SS-OCT red free (73.1%), fundus photography (72.3%), IR (72.3%) and AF (49.4%). The cSLO was optimal in the test consistency (Kappa=0.520,P<0.01) and accuracy (the area under the receiver operating characteristic was 0.750). SS-OCT and cSLO were jointly applied to diagnosis of LC and MSL in high myopia. The positive detection rate of LC, MSL and LC+MSL were 91.7%, 91.2% and 93.3%respectively. The characteristics of LC in SS-OCT were irregularities and discontinuous of the RPE-Bruch membrane line, discontinuous inner ellipsoid zone, thinner choroid, an increased light penetrance into deeper tissues, and RPE fracture in severe cases. MSL was mainly manifested as RPE clumps, visible large choroidal vessels protruding and pushing the overlying RPE toward the vitreous.Conclusions The diagnosis rate of LC in pathological myopia by cSLO is 77.1%. The standard images of cSLO combined with SS-OCT can diagnose LC, MSL and LC+MSL at rates of 91.7%, 91.2% and 93.3% respectively.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 501-504, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806512

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the genetic characteristics of enterovirus A 71 (EV-A71) and etiological features of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in Qinghai province from 2016 to 2017.@*Methods@#Specimens were collected from HFMD patients in Qinghai province, and detected by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). For EV-A71 positive samples, virus was isolated and RNA was extracted, and then VP1 coding region was amplified by RT-PCR. The phylogenetic tree was constructed by comparing with other genotypes and sub-genotypes strains of EV-A71.@*Results@#It was shown that 114 strains of EV-A71 were isolated in Qinghai province from 2016 to 2017, which all belonged to genotype C4a, and could be divided to two different lineages by phylogenetic analysis. From 2016 to 2017, the epidemic strains of EV-A71 in the different transmission chains of Qinghai province was closely related to other provinces of China.@*Conclusions@#C4a was the dominant genotype of EV-A71 in Qinghai province from 2016 to 2017, and no other genotype was detected. In addition, EV-A71 isolated from Qinghai province co-evolved with EV-A71 in other provinces of China.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 806-812, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707373

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of high viscosity and low viscosity cement vertebroplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).Methods The Cochrane Library,Medline,Embase,PubMed,Ovid as well as the Wanfang database and the China Knowledge Network database were searched for all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of vertebroplasty [percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP)] with high-viscosity bone cement (high-viscosity group) and low-viscosity bone cement (low-viscosity group) in the treatment of OVCF.Methodological quality of the included literature was assessed using the Cochrane Risk Assessment Tool.Stata 12.0 was used for meta analysis to compare the differences of bone cement injection volume,visual analogue score (VAS),Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI),Cobb angle and cement leakage rate between high and low viscosity groups.Subgroup analysis was used to investigate the cement leakage rate in PVP and PKP group.Results A total of nine articles were included,involving 637 patients (with 329 in the low-viscosity group and 308 in the high-viscosity group).Compared with Iow-viscosity group,high-viscosity group was associated with a lower VAS score (WMD =-0.53,95% CI-0.75--0.30,P <0.05),ODI score (WMD =-3.58,95% CI-5.80--1.36,P < 0.05),Cobb angle (WMD =-2.78,95%CI-4.39--1.18,P < 0.05),and cement leakage rate (RR =0.38,95% CI 0.29-0.51,P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the bone cement volume between the two groups (WMD =-0.01,95 % CI-0.57-0.54,P > 0.05).Subgroup analysis showed that the cement leakage rate in the high viscosity group was significantly lower than that in the low-viscosity group,regardless of the surgery method (PKP or PVP) (P <0.05).In terms of VAS score,ODI score and Cobb angle,the high viscosity group showed better results than the low-viscosity group only in PVP (P < 0.05),not in PKP (P > 0.05).Conclusion Compared with low-viscosity cemented vertebroplasty,high-viscosity cement vertebroplasty has better clinical effect and lower leakage rate in the treatment of 0VCF,which is worthy of further investigation.

8.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 3091-3093,3096, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663331

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of p16 protein(p16) ,Ki-67 antigen(Ki-67) and cytokeratin 7(CK7) in cervical precancerous lesion .Methods The paraffin embedded tissue samples in 96 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN) from January 2014 to March 2017 were selected and divided into the CIN Ⅰgroup(25 cases) ,CIN Ⅱgroup (36 cases) and CIN Ⅲ group(35 cases) according to the lesion severity ;meanwhile the paraffin embedded tissue samples in 64 ca-ses of chronic cervicitis were selected as the control group .The positive expression rates and expression modes of p16 ,Ki-67 and CK7 in different degrees of cervical lesion tissue were detected by adopting the immunohistochemistry method .Results The positive expression rates of p16 ,Ki-67 and CK7 in the CINⅠ ,Ⅱand Ⅲgroups were significantly higher than those in the control group , the difference was statistically significant (P<0 .05) .The total score of p16 ,Ki-67 and CK7 had consistency with the degree of cervical precancerous lesions(Kappavalues were 0 .546 ,0 .628 and 0 .349 respectively) .The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis results showed that the area under the curve of p16 ,Ki-67 and CK7 combined detection was higher than that of single detection of these 3 indexes(0 .978 vs .0 .930 ,0 .966 ,0 .837) ,the difference was statistically significant (P<0 .05) .Conclusion The expression of p16 ,Ki-67 and CK7 has the correlation with the degree of cervical precancerous lesions .Their joint detection is helpful to improve the diagnostic efficiency of cervical precancerous lesions and could be used in the assisted diagnosis of cervical lesion and prediction of high risk progress cervical precancerous lesion .

9.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1112-1115, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616305

ABSTRACT

Objective To build an advanced clinical case collection and teaching system for the department of radiology, and thus to facilitate the scientific research and teaching.Methods By combining several free software, we built a network version of the case collection system with simple web pages, to achieve centralized storage of case text and image data, thus to facilitate the research and teaching work.Results This case collection system quickly saved text data and image data through simple operation, supported parallel work without the need for complex configuration on the client, and had good support for wide area network.This system had stable system operation and could be customized to meet the clinical needs well.Conclusion Using free software to establish the network version of the case collection and teaching system is low cost and has no legal risk.This system is a simple but powerful tool, and can meet the needs of hospitals with different sizes, which is a more perfect case collection system.

10.
Chinese Journal of Current Advances in General Surgery ; (4): 426-430, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct recombinant adenovirus vector Ad5-CCL20,and detect the expression of CCL20 after Ad5-CCL20 transfected colon cancer cells CT-26.Methods:Genes encoding CCL20 was obtained from original plasmid double-digested with EcoR I/Sal I enzymes.The CCL20 DNA segments were linked into pDC316 to recombine shuttle plasmid pDC316-CCL20.After genome sequencing,we take shuttle plasmid pDC316-CCL20 and plasmid backbone pBHGIox_E1,3Cre co-transfecting 293T cells in mediation of liposome.The constructed recombinant adenovirus vector was named Ad5-CCL20.Lastly,after Ad5-CCL20 transfected CT-26 cells in vitro,the expression of CCL20 at different time points (12h,24h,36h and48h)was detected by Western blot and Elisa.Then,Culture supernatant was added into iDC and mDC to evaluate the chemotactic activity of CCL20.Results:The recombinant adenovirus Ad5-CCL20 were successfully constructed.The expression of CCL20 was detected by Western blot and Elisa.The level of CCL20 expression was increased with prolonged incubation of the infected CT-26 cells.Chemotaxis experiments show that the chemokine CCL20 had chemotactic activity to the iDC and mDC,but more obviouly for iDC (P<0.05).Conclusion:The construction and obtain of recombinant adenovirus vector Ad5-CCL20 provide a new method for developing tumor immunotherapy.

11.
China Oncology ; (12): 186-190, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510996

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: The previous work of this study has showed that the treatment of liver cancer cells with emodin could induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis. Given the cross-talk between ER stress and autophagy, this study aimed to investigate whether blockage of autophagy, a defense mechanism against environmental stress, could improve the killing effect of emodin on liver cancer cells. Methods: The CYTO-ID auto-phagy detection kit and Western blot were used to determine autophagy in liver cancer cells. After combined treatment with chloroquine (CQ) and emodin, cancer cell survival was analyzed by ATPlite assay and clonogenic assay. Apoptosis was detected by both flow cytometry analysis and Western blot. Results: Autophagy could be induced in liver cancer cells after treatment with emodin. Inhibition of autophagy significantly increased growth-inhibitory effect of emodin on both HepG2 and Huh7 cancer cells. The combination treatment with CQ and emodin promoted remarkable apoptosis in liver cancer cells, evidenced by the increase in the percentage of cells in sub-G1 phase and the higher expression lever of cleaved caspase-3. Conclusion: Therapeutically targeting autophagy is capable of enhancing cytotoxicity of emodin in liver cancer cell lines.

12.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 27-30, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509136

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical application of laparoscope combined with gastroscope surgery in patients with gastric stromal tumor. Methods The clinical data of 50 patients with gastric stromal tumor were retrospectively analyzed. Among them 20 cases were treated with traditional laparotomy (laparotomy group), and 30 cases were treated with laparoscope combined with gastroscope surgery (combination group). The intraoperative bleeding, operation time, postoperative recovery time, postoperative hospitalization time and complications were compared between 2 groups. Results One case in combination group received open surgery (3.33%, 1/30), mainly because of obesity, and tumor rupture occurred in 1 case during operation. All specimens of the 2 groups had no tumor residue. There were no statistical differences in tumor diameter and operation time between 2 groups (P>0.05); the intraoperative bleeding, postoperative recovery time and postoperative hospitalization time in combination group were significantly lower than those in laparotomy group:(26.33 ± 14.21) ml vs. (42.57 ± 15.67) ml, (37.96 ± 8.80) h vs. (60.14 ± 13.41) h and (6.42 ± 2.80) d vs. (12.04 ± 4.69) d, and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). The 2 groups had no death, stomach bleeding, anastomotic stenosis and anastomotic leakage. The laparotomy group had postoperative incision fat liquefaction in 3 cases and incision infection in 2 cases, and the combination group had pulmonary infection in 1 case. All were cured after symptomatic treatment. Conclusions Laparoscope combined with gastroscope surgery in the treatment of gastric stromal tumors has a short operation time, less blood loss, faster postoperative gastrointestinal function recovery, shorter hospitalization time, and no major complications. It is a more ideal and minimally invasive surgery.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 481-485, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672945

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the anatomical and functional changes in patients with different degrees of myopic traction maculopathy (MTM) after vitrectomy.Methods It was a retrospective case series study.Forty-seven consecutive patients (47 eyes) diagnosed with MTM were studied between January 2010 and May 2014.There were 38 females (38 eyes) and 9 male (9 eyes),mean age was (65.13±6.98) years,mean axial length was (29.23±1.77) mm.The eyes was divided into 3 groups according to the macular morphologies on optical coherence tomography (OCT),including macular retinoschisis only group (MRS group,18 eyes),foveal retinal detachment group (FD group,13 eyes) and full-thickness macular hole group (MH group,16 eyes).All the eyes underwent minimum resolution angle in logarithmic (logMAR) best corrected visual acuity (BCVA),intraocular pressure,axial length,A or B-ultrasonography,fundus photography,OCT and microperimetry examinations.The average logMAR BCVA of 47 eyes was 1.43±0.52.The center retinal thickness (CRT) of eyes in MRS and FD group was (528.45± 167.61) μm.All the patients underwent pars plana vitrectomy combined with internal limiting membrane peeling.The mean follow-up period was 23.4 months.The changes of logMAR BCVA,microperimetry and macular microstructural were observed.Results At the final follow-up,the logMAR BCVA of 47 eyes was 0.86 ± 0.42,which improved compared with the preoperative vision (t=7.36,P< 0.001).The mean CRT of eyes in MRS and FD group was (250.90 ± 91.81) μm,which improved compared with the preoperative CRT (t=8.17,P<0.001).In MRS group,the retina was attached in 18 eyes.In FD group,the retina was attached in 11 eyes,MH was observed in 2 eyes.In MH group,recurrent retinal detachment was observed in 1 eye.The differences of logMAR BCVA and retinal sensitivity among MRS,FD and MH groups were significant (x2 =6.38,11.08;P=0.030,0.004).Conclusion The macular structural and visual function in MTM eyes with macular retinoschisis only after vitrectomy are better than those in MTM eyes with MH and foveal retinal detachment.

14.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 589-591, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672323

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect ofGuanxin-Shutongcapsule in the treatment of arterial elasticity on patients with hypertension.Methods The hypertension patients who met the inclusion criteria were divided into treatment group (50 cases) and control group (52 cases). The control group was treated with antihypertensive drugs to control blood pressure within the normal range. The treatment group was treated withGuanxin-Shutongcapsule on the basis of the control group. All were given 8 weeks treatment. The main artery elastic parameters were meansured by the carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (C-FPWV) and cervical-dorsal arterial pulse wave velocity (C-DPWV). The immune turbidimetric method was employed to enhance for the determination of high sensitive C reactive protein (hs-CRP); and radioimmunoassay was used to assess the serum IL-6, TNF-a, triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC). The blood pressure was monitored during the treatment.Results After the treatment, the level of hs-CRP (2.83 ± 1.35 mg/Lvs. 3.65 ± 1.38 mg/L,t=6.357), TNF-α (0.16 ± 0.08 mg/Lvs. 0.28 ± 0.07 mg/L,t=18.213), C-FPWV (13.85 ± 1.86 m/svs. 15.34 ± 1.78 m/s,t=6.524), C-DPWV (11.98 ± 1.45 m/svs. 12.87 ± 1.48 m/s,t=7.152) in treatment group was significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.01).ConclusionGuanxin-Shutong capsule by inhibiting systemic inflammation, reducing and reversing atherosclerosis, and improving the arterial elasticity and blood pressure.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 131-136, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489254

ABSTRACT

Objective To synthesize 2-(5-[18 F] fluoro-pentyl)-2-methyl-malonic acid (18 F-ML-10) and to investigate the biodistribution in mice and the primary clinical application.Methods 18F-ML-10 was synthesized by domestic synthesis module MF-2V-IT-1.Quality control of the probe was performed after automated synthesis.The biological characteristics of 18F-ML-10 were assessed by biodistribution assay on male Kunming mice and microPET imaging on a male SD rat.Six patients with brain metastasis (4males,2 females,and age 21-68 years) were enrolled in this study.18F-ML-10 PET images were acquired before and at 48 h after radiotherapy.SUVmean and SUVmax of ROI were calculated.GTV changes were measured by MRI before and 3 months after radiotherapy.Response of brain metastasis to radiotherapy was assessed by PET imaging with 18F-ML-10.Two-sample t test was used.Results The non-corrected radiochemical yield of 18F-ML-10 was (26.5±7.3)% with acceptable quality.The radiochemical purity exceeded 99%.18F-ML-10 was excreted through the kidneys,and the radiouptake in the blood was declined rapidly.The radiotracer accumulation was low in most of other organs.The testis showed a significant uptake.The SUVmean and SUVmax after radiotherapy (5.54±2.72 and 7.29±3.09) were significantly higher than the baseline values(3.81±1.13 and 4.97±1.05;t=2.670,2.663,both P<0.05).The GTV after radiotherapy was significantly lower than the baseline value:(13.14±9.39) cm3 vs (23.34± 18.13) cm3;t =3.002,P<0.05.Conclusions 18F-ML-10 could be synthesized reliably and repeatedly by domestic synthesis module.It has satisfactory properties in vivo and is probably suitable for early assessment of the response to radiotherapy in patients with brain metastasis.

16.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 336-338, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470894

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore expression of plexinA1 and Ki-67 in tissue of human brain glioma cells and their clinical significance.Methods 43 specimens from patients with brain glioma were collected.Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was used for detecting the expression of tissue plexinA1 and Ki-67 in human glioma cells of 43 cases of patients with brain glioma.The positive expression rate of plexinA1 and Ki-67 among the different pathological grade tissues and their clinical significance were analyzed.So did correlation studies about plexinA1 and Ki-67.Results The positive expression rates of plexinA1 in Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade group (18 cases) and Ⅲ-Ⅳ grade group (25 cases) were 22.22 % (4/18) and 72.00 % (18/25) (P < 0.05).The positive expression rates of Ki-67 in Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade group and Ⅲ-Ⅳ grade group were 16.67 % (3/18) and 56.00 % (14/25),respectively (P < 0.05).PlxinA1 and Ki-67 expression in the tissue of human brain glioma were positively correlated (r =0.997,P < 0.05).Conclusions The positive expression rate of plexinA1 is higher in high malignancy human glioma group than that in low malignancy group which has an important reference value in the estimation of prognosis for human glioma.PlexinA1 and Ki-67 maybe synergism in occurrence and development of glioma.

17.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 616-619, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499956

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics of calcifying pseudoneoplasm of the neuraxis ( CAPNON) , and to improve the di-agnostic level and standard of treatment. Methods The clinical traits, imaging features and curative effect of one case of CAPNON who were treated in our departmen were analyzed combined with the pathological analysis and literature review. Results Transient back pain was the only clinical presentation of the patient. CT images showed obvious calcification. MRI showed low signal in T1-weigthed images and T2-weighted images. Examined with the contrast-enhanced MR images, the lesion showed inhomogeneous enhancement. No nervous symptom newly occurred in the 6-month follow-up. Conclusion Symptoms of patients with CAPNON are generally related to local compression or irri-tation of the adjacent tissue. CAPNON should be highly suspected in patients with dense calcification in the CT combined with low signal in T1-weigthed images and T2-weighted images and rim or internal inhomogeneous linear enhancement in the MRI. The final diagnosis depends on the histopathological analysis, and surgical resection is the major therapy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 553-555, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478021

ABSTRACT

Background:Conventional gastrointestinal endoscopy is incapable of determining the deriving layers,size and nature of submucosal lesions,however,mini probe ultrasonography(MPS)is effective for mural stratification and determining the deriving layers and nature of lesions within gastrointestinal wall,and is considered to be an optimal examination for suspected submucosal tumors before endoscopic or surgical operation. Aims:To assess the diagnostic value of MPS for gastrointestinal submucosal lesions and the significance of MPS-assisted endoscopic therapy. Methods:A total of 69 patients with presumed gastrointestinal submucosal protruded lesions were retrospectively enrolled. All of them underwent MPS and then endoscopic therapy,such as cyst incision,high frequency electric snare resection,endoscopic mucosal resection and endoscopic submucosal dissection were performed according to the deriving layers,size and nature determined by MPS. The ultimate diagnosis was confirmed by histopathological examination. Results:In the 69 cases of lesions,MPS showed that 15 were derived from muscularis mucosa,40 from submucosa,and 14 from muscularis propria;10 of them were considered as cyst,18 were stromal tumor,8 were leiomyoma,6 were ectopic pancreas,15 were neuroendocrine tumor,and 12 were lipoma. Compared with pathological diagnosis,an overall coincidence rate of 91. 3%(63 / 69)was achieved by MPS. Conclusions:The accuracy rate of MPS is high for determining the deriving layers and nature of gastrointestinal submucosal protruded lesions prior to the attempting of endoscopic removal. It might be helpful for selecting treatment modalities for this kind of lesions.

19.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 767-770, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459602

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is a malignant with very poor prognosis.Although methods and technologies of diagnosis and treatment in connection with pancreatic cancer have made great progresses,the prognoses of patients with pancreatic cancer still have not a significant upgrade,which are closely related with the degree of malignancy of pancreatic cancer cells.Earlier studies have shown that normal pancreatic cells need to have a total of six capabilities,which are intimate connection with the degree of malignancy of pancreatic cancer cells,during the process of deterioration.A variety of immunohistochemical markers that correlate with prognosis of pancreatic cancer involve in the process of pancreatic cells obtaining these six capabilities.

20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 181-183, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436641

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure intrapulmonary tumor motion due to breathing and analyze the impact factors and characteristics of the respiratory movement of large lung tumors.Methods CT sean was conducted in 30 patients with pulmonary cancer,in the calm inspiratory breath-holding and calm breath after breath-holding state.The tumor GTV in the two phases was recorded.The motion range in the left-right and antero-postefior directions in the GTV center level during the respiratory cyele was measured.The motion range of uppermost and lowermost layer of the tumor from top to bottom was also recorded.The clinical variables and anatomical factors assoeiated with the degree of motion were analyzed.Results The position of large lung tumor was relatively fixed,and the motion range was 3-5 mm,but 2 patients movement was found more than 5 mm.The two tumors were located in the lower part and the rear of the chest with low adhesion coefficient and smaller vertical direction of movement.95 % of motion range of the intrapulmonary tumors were under 3.8 mm in the vertical direction,under 5.8 mm in the front-rear direction,and under 1.1 mm in the left-right direction.Conclusion The movement of lung tumors caused by respiratory are influenced by tumor location,volume,and other factors such as the degree of adhesion,but the motion ranges are lower.The motion of lower rear tumors mainly occur in the vertical direction with the maximum range.

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