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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 276-280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995381

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical application value of preoperative colonoscopic marking by Nd-Fe-B magnet ring to assist laparoscopy.Methods:A total of 51 patients with colorectal tumor who underwent radical laparoscopy from January 2020 to October 2021 at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital were recruited. The patients were marked by Nd-Fe-B magnet ring under endoscopy one day before the operation, another magnet ring was sent into the abdominal cavity during the radical laparoscopy through cannula. The two magnet rings were attracted and clung to each other to orient the lesions. The basic information of patients, location of preoperative marks under endoscopy and laparoscopy conditions were recorded.Results:All 51 Nd-Fe-B magnet rings were successfully located to the position of colorectal tumor and fixed. According to the location of the lesions, there were 15 cases of transverse colon, 12 cases of descending colon, 19 cases of sigmoid colon, and 5 cases of upper rectal segment. According to the lesion type, there were 21 cases of colon cancer, 25 cases of polyp carcinomatosis, and 5 cases of laterally spreading tumors with partial carcinomatosis. There were 5 cases with positive margins after endoscopic mucosal resection and 1 case with positive margin after endoscopic submucosal dissection. All lesions were accurately located during the operation. The marking time was 4.1±1.2 min (3-6 min) before the operation and the localization time was 1.5±1.1 min (0.9-5.3 min) during the operation. All magnet rings were removed from the body by laparoscope. The mean distances between the tumor and the cutting edge of the proximal and distal intestinal segments were 5.5 cm and 6.3 cm, respectively. No complications such as colon mucosal injury, bleeding, intestinal perforation or local inflammatory reactions occurred.Conclusion:Nd-Fe-B magnet ring tracer technique for laparoscopic orientation is simple, fast, accurate and safe with no need for additional equipment or apparatus, which is worthy of clinical application.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 33-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the results of national surveillance on the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacterial isolates from bloodstream infections in China in 2021.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2021 to December 2021. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted by agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 11 013 bacterial strains were collected from 51 hospitals, of which 2 782 (25.3%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 8 231 (74.7%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (37.6%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (18.9%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.8%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (6.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.6%), Enterococcus faecium (3.6%), Acinetobacter baumannii (2.8%), Enterococcus faecalis (2.7%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.5%) and Klebsiella spp (2.1%). The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus aureus were 25.3% and 76.8%, respectively. No glycopeptide- and daptomycin-resistant Staphylococci was detected; more than 95.0% of Staphylococcus aureus were sensitive to ceftobiprole. No vancomycin-resistant Enterococci strains were detected. The rates of extended spectrum B-lactamase (ESBL)-producing isolated in Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis were 49.6%, 25.5% and 39.0%, respectively. The prevalence rates of carbapenem-resistance in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were 2.2% and 15.8%, respectively; 7.9% of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae was resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. Ceftobiprole demonstrated excellent activity against non-ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Aztreonam/avibactam was highly active against carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. The prevalence rate of carbapenem-resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii was 60.0%, while polymyxin and tigecycline showed good activity against Acinetobacter baumannii (5.5% and 4.5%). The prevalence of carbapenem-resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 18.9%. Conclusions:The BRICS surveillance results in 2021 shows that the main pathogens of blood stream infection in China are gram-negative bacteria, in which Escherichia coli is the most common. The MRSA incidence shows a further decreasing trend in China and the overall prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci is low. The prevalence of Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is still on a high level, but the trend is downwards.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2834-2838, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007559

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There is limited data to comprehensively evaluate the epidemiological characteristics of multiple myeloma (MM) in China; therefore, this study determined the characteristics of the disease burden of MM at national and provincial levels in China.@*METHODS@#The burden of MM, including incidence, mortality, prevalence, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), with a 95% uncertainty interval (UI), was determined in China following the general analytical strategy used in the Global Burden of Disease, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2019. The trends in the burden of MM from 1990 to 2019 were also evaluated.@*RESULTS@#There were an estimated 347.45 thousand DALYs with an age-standardized DALY rate of 17.05 (95% UI, 12.31-20.77) per 100,000 in 2019. The estimated number of incident case and deaths of MM were 18,793 and 13,421, with age-standardized incidence and mortality rates of 0.93 (95% UI, 0.67-1.15) and 0.67 (95% UI, 0.50-0.82) per 100,000, respectively. The age-specific DALY rates per 100,000 increased to more than 10.00 in the 40 to 44 years age group reaching a peak (93.82) in the 70 to 74 years age group. Males had a higher burden than females, with approximately 1.5- to 2.0-fold sex difference in age-specific DALY rates in all age groups. From 1990 to 2019, the DALYs of MM increased 134%, from 148,479 in 1990 to 347,453 in 2019.@*CONCLUSION@#The burden of MM has doubled over the last three decades, which highlights the need to establish effective disease prevention and control strategies at both the national and provincial levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Global Burden of Disease , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Multiple Myeloma/epidemiology , Global Health , Incidence , Prevalence , Risk Factors , China/epidemiology
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1480-1483, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955694

ABSTRACT

Based on the teaching advantages of "Internet +", we integrated the ATDE(asking, thinking, doing, evaluation) teaching model to explore the online teaching mode of neurology during the COVID-19 epidemic, and chose the ischemic cerebrovascular disease as a representative case of specific neurological diseases. The practical ATDE teaching in the teaching of neurology was elaborated by introducing, inspiring doubt, setting suspense, and raising questions, and leading students gradually to think deeply. Finally, the innovation and thinking of the online teaching of neurology brought by "Internet +ATDE" teaching model are discussed.

5.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 653-659, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910813

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in early detection of therapy-associated cardiotoxicity (TACT) in lymphoma patients and to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of different evaluation criteria. Methods:Consecutive patients between November 2009 to October 2018 in Peking University Cancer Hospital were retrospectively enrolled. All patients underwent standard chemotherapy. Myocardial uptake of 18F-FDG pre- and post-treatment were analyzed by visual interpretation and semi-quantitative (maximum standardized uptake value, SUV max) methods. The value of pre-treatment SUV max-heart -post-treatment SUV max-heart (ΔSUV max), %ΔSUV max, and post-treatment SUV max-heart/SUV max-mediastinum, SUV max-heart/SUV max-liver and SUV max-heart/SUV max-background(left gluteal muscle) ratios were calculated. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to determine optimal cut-off values of those PET/CT imaging criteria for evaluating early TACT of lymphoma, taking electrocardiogram (ECG) positive as the end point. Independent-sample t test and χ2 test were performed. Results:A total of 274 patients (median age was 36-year old), with the male-to-female ratio of 1.85∶1, were included, and 78.1%(214/274) of them had non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma (NHL). After treatment, 55.1%(151/274)of the patients had high myocardial uptake of 18F-FDG (compared with liver uptake), 20.4%(56/274) of them had moderate myocardial uptake (between liver uptake and blood-pool uptake), and 24.5%(67/274) were with equal uptake (less than blood-pool uptake). There were significant differences in myocardial uptake between ECG-positive group ( n=71) and ECG-negative group ( n=203) ( SUV max: 7.77±4.06 vs 5.91±3.04; t=4.045, P<0.01). ROC curves showed that optimal thresholds of post-treatment SUV max-heart, Δ SUV max-heart, %ΔSUV max-heart, and post-treatment SUV max-heart/SUV max-mediastinum, SUV max-heart/SUV max-liver and SUV max-heart/SUV max-background ratios were 9.4, 4.8, 1.4, 5.0, 2.3, 7.0 respectively. The corresponding areas under the curves (AUC) were 0.653, 0.637, 0.612, 0.655, 0.649 and 0.650, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of post-treatment SUV max-heart/SUV max-background ratio were 40.85%(29/71), 82.76%(168/203), 45.31%(29/64), 80.00%(168/210) and 71.90%(197/274). Conclusion:18F-FDG PET/CT can early detect TACT in patients with lymphoma, and if using 7.0 as the threshold of post-treatment SUV max-heart/SUV max- background ratio, the specificity and negative predictive value of 18F-FDG PET/CT for early prediction of TACT are up to 80%.

6.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 674-684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907234

ABSTRACT

Chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell has achieved excellent efficacy in hematological tumors, especially for lymphoma. Many products have been approved to market all over the world, and 2 products targeting CD19 have been approved to treat relapsed and refractory large B-cell lymphoma in China. The current experiences of using CAR-T cells come from previous clinical studies. How to use CAR-T cells in a standardized and rationalized way is still a challenge faced by our clinicians. Based on the CAR-T cell treatment experiences from Peking University Cancer Hospital and the latest research progresses in CAR-T in China and abroad, this article will elaborate on patient screening, peripheral blood mononuclear cell collection, bridging treatment, lymphocyte depletion chemotherapy, CAR-T cell infusion, the monitoring and treatment of adverse events after infusion, and long-term follow-up after infusion, in order to guide clinicians to better use CAR-T cell and to bring maximum benefits to patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 145-149, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799556

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the characteristics of the second primary tumor affecting the survival of patients with lymphoma, and to explore the risk factors of death from the second primary tumor.@*Methods@#The medical records and related death information of 1 173 lymphoma patients who had already died with known causes were collected. The basic causes of death and the characteristics of patients who died of the second primary tumor were analyzed. Cox regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of lymphoma patients who died of the second primary tumor.@*Results@#Among the 1 173 patients who had died, 94 (8.0%) died of the second primary tumor, 935 (79.7%) died of the primary lymphoma and 144 (12.3%) died of other diseases. The second primary tumor accounted for 17.5% (38/217) of all causes of death in patients with the survival period of more than 5 years, and the second primary tumor accounted for 28.3% (17/60) of all causes of death in patients with the survival period of more than 10 years. Among 94 cases who died of second primary tumors, 31 died of lung cancer, 15 died of gastric cancer, 13 died of liver cancer, 9 died of pancreatic cancer, 6 died of colorectal cancer, 6 died of second primary lymphoma and 14 died of other types of tumors. Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that age, first-line treatment effect, and chest or mediastinal radiotherapy were associated with the death from second primary tumors for lymphoma patients (all P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the effect of first-line treatment (P=0.030) and the chest or mediastinal radiotherapy (P=0.039) were independent factors for the death of lymphoma patients from the second primary tumor.@*Conclusions@#The second primary tumor is an important factor affecting the survival of lymphoma patients, and the risk of death from second primary tumors increases significantly over time. The effect of first-line treatment and radiotherapy in the chest or mediastinum are independent factors for the death of lymphoma patients from the second primary tumor.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): E008-E008, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866034

ABSTRACT

Based on the teaching advantages of "Internet +", we integrated the ATDE teaching model to explore the online teaching mode of neurology during the COVID-19 epidemic, and chose the ischemic cerebrovascular disease as a representative case of specific neurological diseases. The practical ATDE teaching in the teaching of neurology was elaborated by introducing, inspiring doubt, setting suspense, and raising questions, and leading students gradually to think deeply. Finally, the innovation and thinking of the online teaching of neurology brought by "Internet+ATDE" teaching model are discussed.

9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 544-548, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813268

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinical features, auxiliary examination and characteristics for anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis and its concomitant seizure.
 Methods: A total of 20 patients diagnosed as anti-NMDAR encephalitis were enrolled from January 2016 to September 2018 in Xiangya Hospital. The data including the clinical features, auxiliary examination, characteristics of seizure, treatment and prognosis were collected. The discharged patients were followed up for half a year.
 Results: The initial symptom in patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis were mainly psychiatric symptom and seizure. Most of the EEG result were diffused slow waves. The mainly type of seizure in patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis showed generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Patients occurred consciousness during the onset of the disease. MRI showed that patients with temporal lobe were more inclined to occur seizure than patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis (P<0.05). After standardized treatment, 20 patients showed a significant improvement in modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores and the seizure was under control within half a year. 
 Conclusion: Patients with temporal lobe affected in MRI should pay attention to the possibility of seizure occurrence. Anti-epileptic drugs and immunotherapy should be used promptly in patient with seizure. After standardized treatment, the prognosis of patients will be mostly good.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis , Immunotherapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate , Seizures
10.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 885-891, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813074

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the impact of admission diagnosis on seizure outcome in patients with autoimmune epilepsy (AE).
 Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on 40 AE patients at Department of Neurology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from Jan. 1st, 2017 to Nov. 21st, 2018. According to their admission diagnosis, these patients were further assigned into 2 groups: An AE diagnosed group and an AE undiagnosed group. Demographic data, clinical characteristics, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), electroencephalogram, and brain imaging were compared between the 2 groups. Favorable seizure outcome was defined as >50% reduction of seizure frequency at the first follow-up. The impact of admission diagnosis on seizure outcome of AE patients was analyzed.
 Results: The ages of 40 AE patients were (33.23±16.41) years, comprising 19 males and 21 females. No significant difference was found between the AE diagnosed group and the AE undiagnosed group in gender, age, central nervous system-specific Ab profile, CSF, and brain imaging. Duration of symptom onset to Ab detection was significantly longer in the AE undiagnosed group than that in the AE diagnosed group (P<0.01). Duration of symptom onset to immunotherapy was also significantly longer in the AE undiagnosed group than that in the AE diagnosed group (P<0.001). There were more patients with favorable seizure outcome in the AE diagnosed group than the AE undiagnosed group (P<0.05).
 Conclusion: Admission diagnosis for patients with AE is associated with seizure outcome after immunotherapy. For adult-onset epilepsy or epilepsy with unknown etiology, the diagnosis of AE should be considered. Early diagnosis of AE and prompt initiation of immunosuppressive treatment are crucial to increase the likelihood of achieving favorable seizure outcome.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy , Immunotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Seizures
11.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 448-452, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754439

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the causes of death and long-term prognosis of lymphoma patients. Methods: Data from 6 200 patients with lymphoma admitted to the Department of Lymphoma, Peking University Cancer Hospital, from January 1995 to Decem-ber 2017, were collected. Those who had died and whose causes of death were known were selected. Clinical records and information on death were collected. Results: A total of 1,173 patients were selected, 742 of whom were male (63.3% ), and 431 were female (36.7%). The median age was 56 (8-92) years. There were 77 cases (6.6%) of Hodgkin's lymphoma, 1,095 cases (93.4%) of non-Hodg-kin's lymphoma, and 1 case of unclear pathological classification. Overall population survival was 0-253 months, with a median surviv-al rate of 20 months. The direct causes of death included lymphoma in 688 (58.7%), various infectious diseases in 119 (10.1%), cardio-vascular diseases in 96 (8.2%), secondary primary tumors in 68 (5.8%), and other diseases in 202 cases (17.2%). The underlying causes of death included lymphoma in 936 (79.8%), secondary primary tumors in 94 (8.0%), cardiovascular diseases in 75 (6.4%), respiratory diseases in 32 (2.7%) and other diseases in 36 cases (3.1%). The underlying causes of death in cases wherein survival time exceeded 5 years included lymphoma in 129 (59.4%), secondary primary tumors in 38 (17.5%), cardiovascular diseases in 35 (16.1%), and other dis-eases in 15 cases (6.9%). The underlying causes of death in cases wherein survival time exceeded 10 years included lymphoma in 28 (46.7%), secondary primary tumors in 17 (28.3%), cardiovascular diseases in 7 (11.7%), and other diseases in 8 cases (13.3%). Conclu-sions: Primary tumors remain the main cause of death in patients with lymphoma. After primary tumors, secondary primary tumors and cardiovascular diseases are the most common causes of death, and with the prolongation of survival, the risk of death caused by these factors increases significantly.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 90-93, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754379

ABSTRACT

The prognosis of lymphoma patients is relatively good, and most patients may survive for a long time after standard treatment. Long-term follow-up of lymphoma survivors may reveal some late complications related to the treatment. Analysis of the causes of death is helpful in further improving the prognosis of lymphoma patients. The purpose of this article is to review the causes of death in patients with lymphoma during long-term follow-up to generate new ideas for follow-up and treatment of lymphoma patients.

13.
Tumor ; (12): 372-378, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848251

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the effect of abnormal T cell subsets on the prognosis of patients with lymphoma after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT). Methods: The clinical data of 55 patients with lymphoma who receivedAHSCT from January 2016 to December 2017 were collected. The correlation of abnormal T cell subsets with the outcome of AHSCT was analyzed retrospectively, and the effect of abnormal T cell subsets on the prognosis of patients after AHSCT was evaluated. Results: The age of lymphoma patients was correlated with the increased percentages of CD3+ cells and CD3+CD16+CD56+ cells and the decreased percentage of CD19+ cells (all P 0.05). Relapsed/refractory lymphomas and the decreased percentage of CD3-CD16+CD56+ cells were identified as independent risk factors for the progression/relapse of tumor after AHSCT (both P < 0.05). Based on the stratification by these two factors, the incidence of progression/relapse after AHSCT was 10.0%, 32.3% or 100.0% in the patients without risk factor, with 1 or 2 risk factors, respectively (P = 0.001). Conclusion: The abnormal T cell subsets may be a poor prognostic factor for the patients with lymphoma received AHSCT.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 1554-1558, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861215

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application value of quantitative T1ρ imaging in distal radial epiphyseal plate injury of teenager divers. Methods: Totally 38 young diving athletes and 25 age-, sex-matched healthy volunteers (control group) underwent bilateral wrist conventional and quantitative T1ρsequence MR scanning. According to conventional MRI, the athletes were divided into epiphyseal plate injury subgroup and no epiphyseal plate injury subgroup. T1ρ values of distal radial epiphyseal plate different of opposite the boat phrenology area, opposite the month phrenology area and the lateral area were separately measured on T1ρ pseudo-color pictures. T1ρ values of distal radial epiphyseal plate were analyzed among groups and different ROI in same groups. Results: T1ρvalue of distal radial epiphyseal plate in epiphyseal plate injury subgroup and no epiphyseal plate injury subgroup were lower than that in control group (both P0.05). Conclusion: Quantitative T1ρimaging helps to discover changes of internal ultrastructure and cell molecular level in distal radial epiphyseal plate injury of the diver.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 745-750, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810200

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical characteristics and survival outcomes of patients with de novo grade 3 or transformed follicular lymphoma (FL).@*Methods@#Fifty-two patients treated at Peking University Cancer Hospital between January 2009 and September 2017 were assessed, including 28 patients with FL 3A grade, 13 patients with FL 3B grade, 11 patients with transformed FL. Baseline characteristics, survival and prognostic factors were analyzed.@*Results@#① Twenty-six male and 26 female patients were enrolled, including 28 patients with FL 3A grade, 13 patients with FL 3B grade, 11 patients with transformed FL. ②The 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for the entire cohort were 56.0% and 80.6%, respectively. Patients with international prognostic index (IPI) score 0-1 demonstrated significantly better 3-year PFS (80.3% vs 20.1%; t=18.902, P<0.001) and OS (95.7% vs 57.0%; t=10.406, P<0.001) than patients with IPI score 2-3. Three-year PFS (94.1% vs 37.2% vs 25.2%; P=0.002) and OS (100.0% vs 76.0% vs 59.8%; P=0.020) were also significantly different among patients with FLIPI 1 score 0-1, 2, ≥3. FLIPI 2 score was also identified as a prognostic factor for 3-year PFS (68.4%, 0, 0; P=0.001) and OS(87.5%, 76.2%, 0; P=0.003). ③Multivariate analysis indicated a significant association of PFS (HR=3.536, P=0.015) and OS (HR=15.713, P=0.015) with IPI. FLIPI 2 was associated with OS (score 0-1, HR=0.078, P=0.007; score 2, HR=0.080, P=0.022).@*Conclusion@#De novo grade 3 or transformed FL might be a group of curable disease with current treatment strategies. IPI is still a prognostic tool in this scenario.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 382-386, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809972

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT).@*Methods@#Forty-eight patients with DLBCL treated at Peking University Cancer Hospital between November 2010 and December 2014 were assessed. All patients underwent PET/CT scanning prior to or after auto-HSCT. Correlation analysis was done based upon patients characteristics, PET/CT scan results and survival.@*Results@#①Among 48 patients, 27 was male, 21 female, median age was 43 (17-59) years old. ② Patients with negative pre-auto-HSCT PET/CT assessment demonstrated significantly better 3-year progression free survival (PFS) (87.1% vs 53.3%, χ2=7.02, P=0.019) and overall survival (OS) (90.3% vs 60.0%, χ2=6.51,P=0.022) than patients with positive pre-auto-HSCT PET/CT assessment. Three-year PFS (94.1% vs 30.0%, χ2=22.75, P=0.001) and OS (97.1% vs 40.0%, χ2=21.09, P=0.002) were also significantly different between patients with negative and positive post-auto-HSCT PET/CT assessment. ③ Multivariate analysis indicated a significant association of PFS (HR=13.176, P=0.005) and OS (HR=20.221, P=0.007) with post-auto-HSCT PET/CT assessment. Number of prior treatment regimens was associated with PFS (HR=10.039, P=0.040). ④ Harrell’s C index revealed that the value of combined use of number of prior treatment regimens and post-auto-HSCT PET/CT assessment was superior to either one used alone in PFS (Harrell’s C values were 0.976, 0.869 and 0.927 in combined use, number of prior treatment regimens and post-auto-HSCT PET/CT assessment, respectively), and the combined use of ECOG performance status and post-auto-HSCT PET/CT assessment significantly increased the Harrell’s C index in OS (Harrell’s C values were 0.973, 0.711 and 0.919 in combined use, ECOG performance status and post-auto-HSCT PET/CT assessment, respectively).@*Conclusions@#Post-auto-HSCT PET/CT assessment is the main predictor of outcomes in DLBCL patients receiving auto-HSCT. Combined use of post-auto-HSCT PET/CT assessment and number of prior treatment regimens and ECOG performance status is a better prognostic tool in patients with DLBCL undergoing transplantation.

17.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 19-24, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809789

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the clinicopathologic features of lymphoproliferative disease by lymph node core needle biopsy(CNB)and to evaluate the diagnostic significance of CNB for lymphoproliferative disease.@*Methods@#The annual distribution, entity constitute, clinical finding, gross feature, morphologic change, affiliate study and repeat biopsy diagnosis of 1 013 cases of lymph node CNB diagnosed at West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2009 to December 2015 were investigated.@*Results@#(1) Proportion of lymph node CNB in total amount of biopsy specimens increased from 0.2% in 2009 to 0.8% in 2015.(2) The study cohort included 471 lymphomas, 12 atypical lymphoid hyperplasia (ALH), 136 suspected lymphomas, 372 benign lesions, and 22 cases of descriptive diagnoses. The most common types were diffuse large B cell lymphoma and T-lymphoblastic lymphoma. (3) Majority of patients were adolescents and children younger than 20 years or the elderly older than 60 years. 53.1% CNB tumor specimen consisted of ≥4 tissue cores and 40.5% were >2 cm in length. (4) 104 CNB cases with previous history of excision biopsy was included 45 carcinomas(no metastatic carcinoma was found), 32 lymphomas for treatment observation.1/14 suspicious lymphomas, 1/1 ALH and 3/22 cases benign lesions were diagnosed as lymphoma by repeat biopsy respectively. (5) 217 CNB cases were diagnosed as lymphoma by subsequent CNB (70), or subsequent excision biopsy (147) including 78.5%(73/93) suspected lymphomas, 5/7 ALH and 32.3%(20/62)benign lesions.@*Conclusions@#Lymph node CNB has certain clinical indications, although limited for the diagnosis of lymphoproliferative disorders. Suspected lymphomas and ALH diagnosed by CNB should be followed by repeat tissue biopsy. For the benign lesions by CNB it does not rule out additional biopsy to further investigate the lesion.

18.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 920-925, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807752

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the feasibility and value of interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in the pathological diagnosis, differential diagnosis and therapeutic assessment of B-cell lymphomas.@*Methods@#The cohort included 604 cases of B-cell lymphoma which were collected at West China Hospital from May 2010 to December 2016.And all were subjected to interphase FISH using 11 break apart or fusion probes (MYC, bcl-2, bcl-6, IRF4, MYC/IgH, bcl-2/IgH, CCND1/IgH, IgH, API2/MALT1, p53/ATM, and D13S319/CEP12).@*Results@#The median age of the 604 B-cell lymphoma patients was 47.7 (aged 2-90) years including 372 men and 232 women. All the cases was divided into 463 large B cell lymphomas(LBL) and 141 small B cell lymphomas, and the total interphase FISH positive rate was 59.8% (361/604). Among the 463 LBL, 12.5% (58/463), 9.5% (44/463) and 2.2% (10/463) of cases showed MYC, bcl-6 and bcl-2 gene rearrangements respectively; and 363 diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCLs) were reclassified as germinal center B-cell (GCB) subtype (38.6%, 140/363) and non-GCB subtype (61.4%, 223/363) by Hans algorithm. The rearrangement rates in GCB and non-GCB DLBCL were 45.7%(64/140)and 21.5%(48/223; P=0.001), respectively. Compared to the non-GCB DLBCL, GCB DLBCL showed higher MYC and bcl-2 gene rearrangements (P=0.001). Eleven (2.4%, 11/463) cases had MYC and bcl-6 or bcl-2 gene rearrangement (double-hit lymphoma); one (0.2%, 1/463) case had MYC, bcl-6 and bcl-2 gene rearrangements (triple-hit lymphoma); two (0.4%, 2/463) cases had bcl-2 and bcl-6 gene rearrangements. MYC translocation and MYC/IgH fusion were detected in 94.2%(81/86) and 83.7%(72/86) cases of Burkitt lymphomas. IRF4 rearrangement was detected in two cases of IRF4+ LBCL. Genetic abnormalities were detected in 9/19, 100%(29/29), 30.8%(12/39) and 68.5%(37/54) cases of follicular lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, MALT lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Interphase FISH can rapidly and accurately detect the genetic changes in B-cell lymphomas. Different genetic changes are specifically valuable to the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, prognosis evaluation and treatment guidance of various B-cell lymphomas.

19.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 90-92, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697559

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of minimally invasive extraction of anterior tooth residual root after root separation.Methods A total of 400 patients receivinganterior tooth residual root extraction were collected in the clinic of oral and maxillofacial surgery department between January 2015 and December 2016.The patients were divided into a control group and a study group according to their sequence to see the doctor,with an odd for the study group and an even for the control group.In the study group,residual roots were separated mesiodistally by high speed turbine before using minimally invasive extraction tool;while in the control group residual roots were extracted only using minimally invasive extraction tool.The surgical duration,postoperative damage rate of the lip side plate,degree of pain and patient satisfaction in the two groups were analyzed.Results The surgical duration was shorter in the study group compared with the control group (P < 0.05).The postoperative damage rate of the lip side plate and the degree of pain were lower,while patient satisfaction was higher in the study group than in the control group (P < 0.05).Conclusions The postoperative damage rate of the lip side plate is significantly lower in minimally invasive extraction of anterior tooth residual root after root separation.Smaller trauma is conducive to the implant afterwards.Root separation in minimally invasive extraction of anterior tooth residual root is valuable for clinical application.

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Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 716-720, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697080

ABSTRACT

ABCDE bundle management is a comprehensive measure to prevent delirium in ICU patients and forms a standardized treatment model and process.This article summarizes the risk factors of delirium and the ABCDE bundle management in ICU patients and presents a reasonable and effective method to improve recognition of and also the ABCDE bundle management accuracy in ICU patients suffering from delirium,thus to reduce the incidence of delirium in ICU patients,reduce the suffering and improve the long-term survival of critically ill patients.

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