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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 161-164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the value of laminin γ2 (LAMC2) in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the difference in patients with different types of microvascular invasion (MVI).Methods:A cohort of 100 patients with HCC who underwent surgical treatment at the Faculty of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2021 to March 2022 were prospectively enrolled. There were 80 males and 20 females, aged (55.7±11.1) years. The data of 17 patients with hepatic hemangioma without cirrhosis who underwent operation at the same hospital during the study period were collected to serve as the control group (6 males, 11 females), aged (42.8±9.8) years. LAMC2 in serum was determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and LAMC2 were compared between the two groups, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn to compare these two markers in the diagnosis of HCC. The LAMC2 of different MVI patients were compared.Results:The levels of LAMC2 and AFP were 1 334.2(838.9, 2 656.0) pg/ml and 19.0(4.6, 778.6) μg/L in the HCC group, which were significantly higher than 375.2(221.2, 691.7)pg/ml and 3.3(2.5, 3.5) μg/L in the control group ( Z=-4.32, -4.63, both P<0.001). The areas under the ROC curve were 0.829(95% CI: 0.748-0.892) for LAMC2 and 0.852(95% CI: 0.769-0.910) for AFP, and was 0.949(95% CI: 0.911-0.988) for using both in the diagnoses. The diagnostic efficacy of combining LAMC2 and AFP was significantly better than that of LAMC2 alone and AFP alone (area under ROC: Z=3.15, 3.07, P=0.002, 0.002). When the patients were divided into the M0 group (61 patients), the M1 Group (25 patients) and the M2 Group (14 patients) based on MVIs, the concentrations of LAMC2 were 1 168.6(834.3, 2 521.4) pg/ml, 942.2(614.0, 2 056.6) pg/ml and 3 128.4(1 852.7, 7 191.3) pg/ml, respectively. The level of LAMC2 in the M2 group was significantly higher than that in the M0 and M1 groups ( Z=-3.46, -3.32, P=0.001, 0.004). Conclusion:The diagnostic efficacy of LAMC2 combined with AFP for HCC was significantly higher than that of either LAMC2 alone or AFP alone. Serum LAMC2 levels were significant different among the groups of HCC patients with different types of MVI.

2.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 988-991, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911314

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of left heart attracting pressure monitoring technology applied in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in cardiac surgery.Methods:Eighty patients of both sexes, aged 40-64 yr, weighing 50-80 kg, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ-Ⅳ, with New York Heart Association grade Ⅱ or Ⅲ, with left ventricular ejection fraction≥40%, undergoing elective cardiac valve replacement, were divided into 2 groups using a random number table method: traditional left heart aspiration group (T group) and modified left heart aspiration group (M group), with 40 patients in each group.The rotation speed of left ventricular suction pump was adjusted according to left ventricular suction volume and surgical field clarity in group T and by monitoring the pressure in the left suction tube in real time in group M. After aspiration returned to normal aspiration, blood of the left heart returned after aspiration was collected to determine the concentration of free hemoglobin.The number of adjustments after left ventricular aspiration, intraoperative hemoglobinuria, and occurrence of tissue sediment in the aspiration tube after operation were recorded.Results:Compared with T group, the concentration of free hemoglobin, incidence of intraoperative hemoglobinuria and incidence of tissue sediment in the aspiration tube after operation were significantly decreased, and the number of adjustments after left ventricular aspiration was decreased in M group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Left heart attracting pressure monitoring technology can be safely and effectively applied in CPB in cardiac surgery.

3.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 526-532, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the hemostatic effect of self-expanding polyurethane foam in an animal model of fatal hepatic trauma and hemorrhage.Methods:The fatal liver trauma hemorrhage model with swine was established. Then the damage-controlled resuscitation was performed. Thirty minutes after injury, the experimental animals were randomly divided into the gauze packing group (GP), foam packing group (FP) and blank control group (BC). The survival time, vital signs, the bleeding volume, coagulation function and other lab indicators were recorded for 48 h. Liver histopathological examination was performed after death or execution.Results:All the three groups had severe hemorrhagic shock after modeling. The 48-h survival rate of the FP group and the GP group was significantly higher than that of the BC group (6/6 vs 4/6 vs 0/6). The average survival time of the FP group was not statistically different from that of the GP group [48 h vs (44.58±5.53) h, P>0.05], and was significantly longer than that of the BC group [48 h vs (1.64±0.17) h, P<0.01]. The bleeding volume of the FP group was significantly less than the GP group and BC group [(19.2±7.3) g/kg vs (41.3±8.6) g/kg, (51.5±7.3) g/kg, both P<0.01]. Compared with the GP group and the BC group, the cardiac output of the FP group was significantly improved [(5.00±0.53) L/min vs (4.13±0.41) L/min, (2.38±0.48) L/min, both P<0.05]. The coagulation function, liver and kidney function and blood lactate level of the FP group and the GP group were better than those of the BC group; the intra-abdominal pressure of the FP group was significantly higher than that in the GP group [(18.83±3.25) cmH 2O vs (3.83±1.47) cmH 2O, P<0.05]. There was no abnormal increased in intra-abdominal pressure in the BC group. According to the histopathology examination, there was no obvious secondary damage in the FP group. Conclusions:The application of self-expanding polyurethane foam for intraperitoneal packing to stop bleeding can effectively reduce the amount of bleeding in the fatal liver trauma hemorrhage model, effectively maintain vital signs, and improve the short-term survival rate.

4.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 159-162, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824157

ABSTRACT

Objective To study and analyze the diagnostic value of auditory brainstem response (ABR) and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) in infants with secretory otitis media.Methods From June 2016 to June 2018,65 infants (120 ears) with secretory otitis media who were treated at the First People's Hospital of Taizhou were selected.All the 120 ears were diagnosed by ABR wave test and DPOAE test machine.The results of different diagnostic methods were observed and compared.Results Among 65 cases (120 ears),60 ears (50.00%) with mildly abnormality,43 ears (35.83%) with moderate abnormality and 17 ears (14.17%) with normal ABR wave Ⅴresponse threshold.There was no statistically significant difference in Ⅰ-Ⅴwave interval between the mild abnormal group and the normal group ( P >0.05 ), but Ⅰ -Ⅴ wave interval in the moderate abnormal group [( 4.27 ± 0.27)ms in moderate abnormal group ] was significantly shorter than that in the normal group [(4.75 ±0.31) ms] and the mild abnormal group [(4.73 ±0.21)ms],the differences were statistically significant (t=5.949,9.722,all P<0.05).TheⅤresponse threshold of bone -guided ABR wave was normal in 108 ears(90.00%,108/120).TheⅤlatency of bone guided wave was (8.16 ±0.22) ms,and abnormal in 12 ears (10.00%,12/120).With the increase of the gas conduction reaction threshold ,the bone conduction ABR reaction threshold also increased ,but it was not as obvious as the air conduction.The wave Ⅴ latency in the normal BRT group was significantly lower than that in the abnormal group ( compared with mild abnormal group , t =17.400,P <0.05;compared with moderate abnormal group,t=130.015,P<0.05).DPOAE test failed 86 ears (71.67%,86/120),passed through 34 ears (28.33%,34/120).Conclusion The latency of ABR wave I is sensitive to the diagnosis of secretory otitis media in infants.The combination of DPOAE and ABR is helpful to the early diagnosis of the disease.ABR and DPOAE tests have high value and are worthy of popularizing in clinic.

5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 159-162, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799640

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study and analyze the diagnostic value of auditory brainstem response (ABR) and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) in infants with secretory otitis media.@*Methods@#From June 2016 to June 2018, 65 infants (120 ears) with secretory otitis media who were treated at the First People's Hospital of Taizhou were selected.All the 120 ears were diagnosed by ABR wave test and DPOAE test machine.The results of different diagnostic methods were observed and compared.@*Results@#Among 65 cases (120 ears), 60 ears (50.00%) with mildly abnormality, 43 ears (35.83%) with moderate abnormality and 17 ears (14.17%) with normal ABR wave Ⅴ response threshold.There was no statistically significant difference in Ⅰ-Ⅴ wave interval between the mild abnormal group and the normal group (P>0.05), but Ⅰ-Ⅴ wave interval in the moderate abnormal group[(4.27±0.27)ms in moderate abnormal group] was significantly shorter than that in the normal group[(4.75±0.31)ms] and the mild abnormal group[(4.73±0.21)ms], the differences were statistically significant(t=5.949, 9.722, all P<0.05). The Ⅴ response threshold of bone-guided ABR wave was normal in 108 ears(90.00%, 108/120). The Ⅴ latency of bone guided wave was (8.16±0.22)ms, and abnormal in 12 ears (10.00%, 12/120). With the increase of the gas conduction reaction threshold, the bone conduction ABR reaction threshold also increased, but it was not as obvious as the air conduction.The wave Ⅴ latency in the normal BRT group was significantly lower than that in the abnormal group (compared with mild abnormal group, t=17.400, P<0.05; compared with moderate abnormal group, t=130.015, P<0.05). DPOAE test failed 86 ears (71.67%, 86/120), passed through 34 ears (28.33%, 34/120).@*Conclusion@#The latency of ABR wave I is sensitive to the diagnosis of secretory otitis media in infants.The combination of DPOAE and ABR is helpful to the early diagnosis of the disease.ABR and DPOAE tests have high value and are worthy of popularizing in clinic.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2540-2544, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864825

ABSTRACT

Objective:To offer experience for preventing thrombosis-related complications in patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).Methods:A case of mural thrombosis occurred in a patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) during ECMO therapy. The key points for nursing included: intensive monitoring of the ECMO parameters, repeated assessment of the thrombosis and appropriate preventive measures, adequate nutritional support, active mobilization and rehabilitation, and psychological care.Results:No severe thrombosis-related complication occurred during hospitalization and the patient was discharged 62 days after admission.Conclusion:Mural thrombosis related complication could be well prevented with active and individualized nursing.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1865-1869, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864703

ABSTRACT

Objective:To test the reliability and validity of the Early Symptom Measurement of Post-Stroke Depression-Short Form (ESMPSD-SF).Methods:Totally 325 patients with early stage stroke were investigated by the demographic questionnaire and the Early Symptom Measurement of Post-Stroke Depression-Short Form. Exploratory factors, confirmatory factor analysis and reliability analysis were used to establish the reliability and validity of the scale.Results:Exploratory factor analysis extracted four factors: "low", "guilt", "emotional" and "wakefulness", which explained 74.228% of the total variation of depression. All the model fit indexes of confirmatory factor analysis and the standardized factor loadings of each item were up to standard, and the variances explained by each item were within acceptable range. The internal consistency reliability of the total scale was 0.866, the internal consistency of the domains ranged from 0.649 to 0.882, the corrected item-total correlation coefficient ranged from 0.401 to 0.676, and the item-subscale correlation coefficient ranged from 0.647 to 0.923.Conclusions:ESMPSD-SF demonstrated good reliability and validity and can be used to screen depressive symptoms in patients with early stage stroke.

8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 763-769, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796557

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the relative factors of transmural intestinal necrosis(TIN) during multidisciplinary stepwise management facilitating the decision making in patients with acute superior mesenteric vein thrombosis (ASMVT).@*Methods@#Clinical data of patients with ASMVT admitted to Department of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital from January 2009 to June 2017 were reviewed retrospectively. There were 52 males and 37 females, aging (45.9±12.6) years (range: 20 to 69 years). According to the postoperative pathological results and follow-up, the patients were divided into TIN group (n=31) and non-TIN group(n=58, including 18 cases of intestinal stricture). The related factors were compared between ASMVT patients with TIN and patients without TIN by univariate analysis using t test, U test and χ2 test accordingly, and factors with statistically significance were subsequently submitted to binary Logistic regression analysis. The predictive value and cut-off point of factors were evaluated by receiver operator characteristic(ROC) curve and area under the curve.@*Results@#In univariate analysis, smoking, hypertension, peritonitis, white blood cell count,haemoglobin, international normalized ratio, blood albumin, thrombosis of superior mesenteric branches vein, free intraperitoneal fluid, decrease of bowel wall enhancement and pneumatosis intestinalis were TIN risk factors (all P<0.05). According to the binary Logistic regression analysis, white blood cell count (OR=1.093, 95%CI: 1.010 to 1.182, P=0.027), thrombosis of the superior mesenteric branches vein (OR=11.519, 95%CI: 1.906 to 69.615, P=0.008), pneumatosis intestinalis (OR=11.140, 95%CI: 2.360 to 52.585, P=0.002) were independent relative factors of TIN in patients with AMI, and the area under the ROC curve of the above factors and predictive model was 0.759 (95%CI: 0.647 to 0.871), 0.745 (95%CI: 0.641 to 0.848), 0.737 (95%CI: 0.621 to 0.854), 0.909 (95%CI: 0.847 to 0.971), respectively. The cutoff value of white blood cell count was 18.1×109/L.@*Conclusion@#White blood cell levels, superior mesenteric vein branch thrombosis and pneumatosis intestinalis are independent predictors of TIN in ASMVT.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 603-606, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807090

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the application of intestinal stomas in mesenteric ischemia (MI) according to the concept of damage control surgery.@*Methods@#Clinical data of 59 MI patients received intestinal stomas at Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine from January 2010 to June 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 41 male and 18 female patients aging of (51±14) years (ranging from 20 to 86 years). All the patients were divided to two groups according to the degree of bowel ischemia: acute MI group (AMI, bowel necrosis, n=43) and chronic MI group (CMI, bowel stricture, n=16). The medium time from onset to consult of AMI was 7(12) days (M(QR)) and the time of CMI was 80(51) days. After the resection of irreversible ischemic intestine, ostomy was carried out for all 59 patients. Patients received oral anticoagulation, enteral nutrition and succus entericus reinfusion therapy for about 6 months after discharge. Then definite surgery to restore digestive tract was preferred.@*Results@#In AMI group, APACHEⅡ score in admission was (16±3). The length of infarcted intestine resected was (160±95) cm, normal bowel left was (220±106) cm. Twelve patients had complications during first post-operation period including sepsis (n=8), acute renal failure (n=4), acute respiratory distress syndrome (n=4), short bowel syndrome (n=4). 30-day mortality was 18.6%. Total 30 patients received operation to restore the continuity of intestinal tract after 202(42) days and APACHEⅡ score was 4±2. Two patients suffered from sepsis and were cured after anti-infection. In CMI group, APACHEⅡ score was 16±3 and NRS2002 score was more than 3. The length of infarcted intestine resected was (43±33) cm. All patients had restored the continuity of intestinal tract after 176 (47) days. No major complications occurred during the first and second post-operation period.@*Conclusions@#According to damage control surgery, after early revascularization, patients with acute intestinal necrosis should be treated with infarcted bowel resection and stomas. Besides, second operation to restore the continuity of intestinal tract should be conducted after nutritional support for 6 months. Patients with ischemic enteropathy who cannot be corrected with severe malnutrition should achieve stomas during first operation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 924-928, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699223

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnosis and treatment of mesenteric venous thrombosis secondary to long-term ischemic enteropathy.Methods The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted.The clinical data of 36 patients with mesenteric venous thrombosis secondary to long-term ischemic enteropathy who were admitted to the Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command from January 2009 to June 2017 were collected.Diagnostic methods:history inquiry,physical examination,laboratory test and image finding.Treatment methods:parenteral nutrition support,selective stage 1 bowel resection with anastomosis or stage 1 bowel resection and colostomy,definitive stage 2 operation for recovering digestive tract.Anticoagulation therapy was performed.Observation indicators:(1) clinical characteristics;(2) treatment;(3) follow-up.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect postoperative complications up to December 2017.Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (P25,P75) and M (range).Results (1) Clinical characteristics:① the main clinical manifestations:34,33,27,20,17 and 14 patients showed respectively discomfort after meal,abdominal pain,abdominal distension,nausea with vomiting,stop of analis exhaust and defecation and weight loss of different degree,and the worst patient lost 20 kg within 1 month.The clinical manifestations of 30 patients were more than 3.② The score of acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE)Ⅱ in 36 patients was 4 (2,6).③ Laboratory test:total protein (TP),albumin and prealbumin were 55.8 g/L (45.2 g/L,59.1 g/L),30.6 g/L (27.3 g/L,37.5 g/L) and 100.0 g/L (86.0 g/L,132.0 g/L),respectively,showing a decreased trend.④ Imaging finding:enhanced scans of abdominal CT showed the portal cavernous in 16 patients,the absence of main trunk of superior mesenteric vein with extensive collaterals in 12 patients,and dovelopment of portal vein and main trunk of superior mesenteric vein in 8 patients.One patients had intestinal edema and stenosis.X-ray contrast examination of digestive tract showed intestinal stenosis with mucosal erosion in 28 patients and complete intestinal obstruction in 8 patients.(2) Treatment:of 36 patients,24 underwent stage 1 bowel resection with anastomosis and other 12 received stage 1 bowel resection and colostomy (11 undergoing definitive stage 2 operation for recovering digestive tract and 1 refusing stage 2 operation due to advanced age).The length of resected bowel was 30 cm (15 cm,80 cm).One patient with stage 1 bowel resection with anastomosis was complicated with small bowel fistula,and was cured by conservative treatment.There was no complication in other patients.(3) Follow-up:all 36 patients were followed up for 3-10 months,with a median time of 6 months.During the follow-up,7 patients were complicated with secondary portal hypertension,5 of 7 were improved by symptomatic treatment,and 2 died of severe digestive tract bleeding;other patients had no related complications.Conclusions The discomfort after meal and bowel obstruction are the main clinical manifestations of mesenteric venous thrombosis secondary to long-term ischemic enteropathy.The abdominal CT with X-ray contrast examination benefits to diagnosis of patients with poor nutrition status and mild infection.The main strategy includes early surgical resection and postoperative anticoagulation therapy after bleeding risk evaluation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 350-353, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712406

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of propranolol and 595 nm pulsed dye la ser (PDL) in treatment of infantile hemangioma.Methods 26 infants admitted to our hospital from January 2013 to January 2015 with hemangioma underwent oral propranolol 2 mg/(kg · d) treatment after excluding of taboos.The daily doses were divided equally to two parts,taken on the time of 8:00 and 20:00,when the electrocardiograph and pulse oxygen were monitored and recorded persistently.The patients were discharged from the hospital when it was stable,with review of blood routine examination,fasting blood glucose,liver and kidney function,and the change of size,character and color of hemangioma were recorded,and taken photos every two weeks after discharge.The 595 nm PDL was used to treat the hemangioma faded incompletely when the propranolol was terminated.Results The tension and color of all hemangioma decreased in varying degrees in taking propranolol for 72 hours,and evaluated the efficacy as recovery completely 19 cases;signifivantly effective in 3 cases and partial efficacy in 4 cases;the latter 7 cases were further treated with 595 nm PDL.Followed-up for 6-12 months showed that efficacy of recovery reached 100%.10 cases showed heart rate was mild reversibly slow,with no special treatment.5 cases had diarrhea,and healed with symptomatic treatment.No adverse reactions like liver and kidney dysfunction and so on were found.Conclusions Propranolol and 595 nm PDL can effectively treat infantile hemangioma,and thus it can be used as the recommended treatment of infantile hemangioma.

12.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 105-108, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710504

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influential factors of surgical treatment for ischemic enteropathy secondary to portal venous system thrombosis (PVST).Methods Clinical data of 27 patients with ischemic enteropathy secondary to PVST admitted in our department from January 2009 to Jun 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.These patients were divided into two groups according to different surgical procedures:ischemic bowel resection with primary anastomosis or ostomy.Results There were significant differences between the groups in albumin and prealbumin level (t =3.585,4.194,P <0.05).There were also significant differences for BMI and body fat (t =2.325,2.430,P < 0.05).The average time from the onset PVST to ischemic enteropathy was 20 d.Conclusion There should be awareness of ischemic enteropathy.Intestinal resection and anticoagulation therapy is necessary.The choice of surgical procedures depends on the preoperative nutrition level (albumin,prealbumin).

13.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 80-83, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619976

ABSTRACT

This report summarized the nursing experience of caring for twice skin grafts in a patient with enteroatmospheric fistula after trauma.Keys to nursing success including:monitoring vital signs closely to prevent septic shock,blocking enteroatmospheric fistula (EAF) and sucking overflowed intestinal juice timely,promoting the protection of the graft on abdominal wall wounds,strengthing drainage and lavage with the application of abdominal double cannula to control abdominal infection,early nutrion support with parenteral nutrition in combination with trophic enteral nutrition to improve intestinal immune function,and attaching importance to post-traumatic stress disorder.Timely blocking of EAF is the bases of skin graft healing.

14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 146-150, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808140

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of Gradient treatment for acute superior mesenteric venous thrombosis (ASMVT).@*Methods@#Clinic data of 68 patients of ASMVT admitted in Department of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University from January 2009 to December 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 50 male and 18 female patients with a mean age of (45±12) years. These patients were conducted by the stepwise treatment model (endovascular treatment-damage control surgery-surgical intensive care-intestinal rehabilitation treatment). Clinical outcomes and complications were compared during the follow-up period. Differences about bowel resection length of endovascular treatment and surgical procedures were evaluated with t test.@*Results@#In the 68 cases, 24 cases were cured simply by endovascular treatment, 19 cases received surgical procedures alone (group surgery). Twenty-five patients received endovascular treatment combined with surgical procedures (group combined), including 6 cases temporary abdominal closure. The overall mortality rate was 2.9% (2/68) during hospitalization. The range of bowel resection of group combined significantly reduced compared with group surgery ((92±14) cm vs. (162±27) cm, t=-2.377, P=0.022). During 1-year follow-up period, 4 cases suffered from short bowel syndrome, whom underwent surgery alone.@*Conclusions@#Early diagnosis and treatment is the key to treatment of ASMVT, the rapid improvement of intestinal ischemia is particularly important for prognosis. Combination therapy significantly save more residual small intestine and avoid short bowel syndrome. The selection of early gradient treatment can significantly reduce the mortality and improve the prognosis of ASMVT patients.

15.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1346-1350, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481326

ABSTRACT

Objective_To explore the influence and mechanism of IL-31 on the expression of VEGF, EGF and EG-FR in 16HBE cells.Methods_16HBE cells were cultured and treated with IL-31 with or without SB203580 or SP600125, real-time PCR and Western blot were applied to determine the mRNA and protein expression of VEGF, EGF and EGFR respectively.Meanwhile, Western blot was used to examine the changes of P38 MAPK and JNK signaling pathways.Results_Compared with control group, the mRNA expression of VEGF, EGF and EGFR was increased markedly under the stimulation of IL-31 ( P<0.01 ) , the expression of p-P38 MAPK and p-JNK signifi-cantly increased ( P<0.01) .Compared with IL-31 group, the expression of p-P38 MAPK significantly decreased in IL-31 combined with SB203580 or SB203580 group ( P <0.01 ) , while the expression of p-JNK markedly decreased in IL-31 combined with SP600125 or SP600125 group( P<0.01) .Compared with IL-31 group, the expression of VEGF was significantly decreased in IL-31 combined with SB203580 or SP600125 group ( P <0.01 ) , while the expression of EGF and EGFR was markedly declined in IL-31 combined with SB203580 group ( P<0.01 ) .Conclusions_IL-31 may up-regulate the expression of VEGF through activating P38 MAPK and JNK signaling pathways and up-regulate the expression of EGF and EGFR through activating P38 MAPK signaling path-way in16 HBE cells.

16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1068-1070, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353784

ABSTRACT

Acute mesenteric ischemia is an insidious and sudden disease with high mortality, whose good prognosis depends on early diagnosis. This review summarizes the analyses of related serum markers about acute mesenteric ischemia in recent years, and investigates the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnosis, in order to help clinicians to assess the function of intestinal barrier.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 7100-7105, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474887

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BACKGROUND:Short-segment pedicle screw technology has been extensively used in the treatment and repair of thoracolumbar burst fractures in the clinic. However, it requires further investigations whether bone graft through unilateral pedicle channel has superiority. <br> OBJECTIVE:To observe the perioperative effects on thoracolumbar burst fractures posterior by bone graft through unilateral pedicle channel with short pedicle screw segment fixation. <br> METHODS:Clinical data of 57 cases of thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurological symptoms treated by short segment pedicle screw internal fixation therapeutic method at the Department of Orthopedics, The First People’s Hospital of Yinchuan City from January 2009 to December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. According to therapeutic methods, they were divided into three groups:pedicle screw fixation through injured vertebrae (n=21), unilateral pedicle screw fixation with vertebrae pedicle screw (n=19), and the short segment pedicle screw fixation with unilateral pedicle screw fixation and bone graft through pedicle channel (n=17). We observed the changes in operation time, the blood loss volume in operation, postoperative drainage blood (at the period of removing the drainage tube), injured vertebrae height’s ratio, the Cobb’s angel of injured vertebrae sagittal plane, vertebral canal encroachment rate and visual analog scale. <br> RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) The unilateral pedicle screw fixation and bone graft by pedicle channel could prolong operation time and increase postoperative drainage blood volume (P<0.05). (2) Three operation methods improved vertebral body height. (3)There were no significant differences in Cobb’s angle postoperation among the three groups (P>0.05). These data suggested that the bone graft through pedicle channel was not the factors to improve the spine kyphosis. (4) Bone graft by pedical channel improved vertebrae channel value. (5) Bone graft through pedicle channel combined with screw implantation could improve pain after treatment. These findings indicated that the therapeutic technology of short pedicle screw fixation on thoracolumbar vertebral burst fracture with unilateral pedicle fixation and bone graft through pedicle channel is a safe reliable operation method.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 62-66, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444277

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the effect of different surgical modalities on hemodynamics,systemic major organ injury and survival rate following superior mesenteric artery (SMA) injury in an attempt to search a modality that conforms to principles of damage control surgery (DCS).Methods SMA was exposed in 30 domestic hybrid pigs,leaving the blood flow blocked using non-invasive vessel forceps.The animals were divided into control group,primary anastomosis group (anastomosis group) and temporary intravascular shunt (TIVS) group according to random number table.TIVS group was further divided into three subgroups:shunting for 6 hours group (TIVS-6 h group),9 hours group (TIVS-9 h group) and 12 hours group (TIVS-12 h group).At each time point,the angiography was performed for evaluation of shunt patency; hemodynamic parameters were detected,terminal ileum and SMA samples were harvested for pathological analysis.Results All groups suffered extreme physiological conditions including hypothermia,severe acidosis,hypotension,low cardiac output and low oxygen supply.Less requirement of resuscitation fluid,faster restoration of SMA blood flow,earlier clearance of lactate,milder intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury and higher survival rate were observed in TIVS-6 h and TIVS-9 h groups,compared with anastomosis group.Patency rate in TIVS-6 h,9 h and 12 h groups was 100%,50% and 0% respectively.Pathologic outcome of intestine revealed diffuse intestinal necrosis in TIVS-12 h group and reversible intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury in TIVS-6 h and 9 h groups.Conclusion For SMA injury in severe hemodynamic disarrangement and jeopardized condition,TIVS shortens intestinal ischemia time,maintains systemic hemodynamic stability,relieves intestinal injury,improves early survival rate and keeps long-term intestine patency when compared with primary vascular anastomosis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 453-456, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239381

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the efficacy of different procedures for refractory constipation complicated with megacolon.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 112 patients of refractory constipation complicated with megacolon undergoing surgery in our institute from June 2007 to January 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Of these 112 patients, the duration of constipation ranged from 4 to 22 years. Seventy-four patients had previous abdominal operations. Surgical procedures: (1)Jinling procedure (subtotal colectomy plus ascending colorectal posterior wall side-to-side anastomosis, n=81), including 24 laparoscopy-assisted procedures, 18 terminal ileostomies. (2)total colectomy plus ileorectal side-to-side anastomosis(n=18). (3)total colectomy plus end ileostomy, and ileorectal posterior wall side-to-side anastomosis 6 months later(n=13). The end ileostomy was reversed 6 months after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The successful rate was 100%, and no surgery-related deaths were found. Postoperative complications included early diarrhea (90 cases, 80.4%), anal pain and incomplete evacuation (22 cases, 19.6%), urinary retention within 24-48 h after catheter removal (16 cases, 14.2%), anastomosis bleeding (9 cases, 8.0%), anastomosis leakage (6 cases, 5.4%), and intestinal obstruction (15 cases, 13.4%). Six patients with intestinal obstruction underwent adhesiolysis, and others were managed by conservative therapy. At the postoperative follow-up at 6 months, the Wexner constipation score was significantly reduced (5.8-8.3 vs. 21.4-28.7, P<0.01), and malnutrition improved as well.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Surgical intervention results in good efficacy for refractory constipation complicated with megacolon.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Colectomy , Methods , Constipation , General Surgery , Ileostomy , Megacolon , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 5-8, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432310

ABSTRACT

Objective Refractory constipation,when complicated with megacolon,is difficult to manage.This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of different preoperative nutritional therapies on refractory constipation patients complicated with megacolon.Methods Patients of refractory mixed constipation complicated with megacolon receiving surgical interventions between 2006 Jun and 2011 Jun were enrolled.Perioperafive nutrition support was evaluated in terms of postoperative recovery.Results 78 constipation patients received therapies of NPM,gastrointestinal decompression and total parenteral nutrition during the first 7-14 days.34 patients retained intestine patency and after 2 weeks of enteral nutrition therapy,they (enteral nutrition group) successfully received selective surgery.The other 44 patients (non-enteral nutrition group) received emergency surgery after correcting homeostasis.The surgical procedures included Jinling procedure (n =45),Jinling procedure plus ileostomy (n =6),total colectomy plus ileum-rectum side-to-side anastomosis (n =18) and total colectomy plus ileostomy (n =9).EN group patients had a significant low rate of pneumonia (0% vs 11.4%),anastomotic leakage (0% vs 11.4%),anastomotic bleeding (2.9% vs 18.2%) and ostomy (0% vs 34.1%),compared with N-EN group.At one month follow up,the nutrition status was significantly better in EN group than that in N-EN group.Condusions Refractory constipation complicated with megacolon required surgical intervention.Recovering the intestinal patency and receiving enteral nutritional support therapy preoperatively benefits patient's recovery.

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