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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1152-1157, ago. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514346

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: To investigate changes of MMP-9 in the rat spleen and hypoxia-induced microvascular basement membrane under high altitude hypoxia. Thirty male specific pathogen-free Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into control and hypoxia groups, with 15 rats in each group. The rats in the control group were placed in Dingxi City, Gansu Province (2080 m above sea level) for 30 days. Rats in the hypoxia group were raised in a hypoxic environment in Maduo County, Qinghai Province (4300 m above sea level), for 30 days to establish a hypoxic rat model. Routine blood tests, MMP-9 mRNA, MMP-9 protein, and the spleen microvascular basement membrane were detected. (1) Compared with the control group, the red blood cell count, hemoglobin, and hematocrit levels of the rats in the hypoxia group were all increased; thus, a hypoxia model was successfully established. (2) Compared with the control group, the expression of MMP-9 mRNA and protein was significantly higher in the spleen of rats in the hypoxic group, and the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05). (3) Compared with the control group, the blood vessel basement membrane in the spleen of the hypoxia group was degraded. Under natural low air pressure and high altitude conditions, the expression of MMP-9 in rat spleen tissue increases and participates in the degradation of the microvascular basement membrane.


El objetivo de este trabajo fue investigar los cambios de la MMP-9 en el bazo de la rata y la membrana basal microvascular inducida bajo hipoxia a gran altura. Treinta ratas macho Sprague Dawley, libres de patógenos específicos, se dividieron aleatoriamente en dos grupos de 15 ratas cada uno, un grupo control y un grupo hipoxia. Durante 30 días las ratas del grupo control estuvieron en la ciudad de Dingxi, provincia de Gansu (2080 m sobre el nivel del mar). Las ratas del grupo de hipoxia se criaron en un entorno hipóxico en el condado de Maduo, provincia de Qinghai (4300 m sobre el nivel del mar), durante 30 días para establecer un modelo de rata hipóxica. Se realizaron análisis de sangre de rutina, ARNm de MMP-9, proteína MMP-9 y de la membrana basal microvascular del bazo. En comparación con el grupo control, el recuento de glóbulos rojos, la hemoglobina y los niveles de hematocrito de las ratas del grupo de hipoxia aumentaron; por lo tanto, se estableció con éxito un modelo de hipoxia. En comparación con el grupo control, la expresión de ARNm y proteína de MMP-9 fue significativamente mayor en el bazo de las ratas del grupo hipóxico, siendo la diferencia estadísticamente significativa (P <0,05). En comparación con el grupo control, la membrana basal de los vasos sanguíneos estaba degradada en el bazo del grupo hipoxia. En condiciones naturales de baja presión atmosférica y gran altitud, la expresión de MMP-9 en el tejido del bazo de la rata aumenta y participa en la degradación de la membrana basal microvascular.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Spleen/pathology , Basement Membrane/pathology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Altitude Sickness , Blotting, Western , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Disease Models, Animal
2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 556-562, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940888

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the long-term efficacy and safety of left cardiac sympathetic denervation(LCSD) for long QT syndrome(LQTS) patients with either recurrence on drug therapy intolerance/refusal. Methods: This study was a retrospective cohort study. The cases selected from 193 patients with LQTS who were enrolled in the Chinese Channelopathy Registry Study from November 1999 to November 2012. This study selected 28 LQTS patients with either recurrence on drug therapy intolerance/refusal and underwent LCSD surgery in the Peking University People's Hospital or Beijing Tongren Hospital. The patients were allocated into 3 groups: high-risk group(n=13, baseline QTc ≥550 ms or symptomatic in the first year of life or highly malignant genetics); intermediate-risk group(n=10, 500 ms≤baseline QTc<550 ms, symptomatic after the first year and without highly malignant genetics); low-risk group(n=5, baseline QTc<500 ms, symptomatic after the first year and without highly malignant genetics). LCSD was performed with the traditional supraclavicular approach or video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Patients were regularly followed up until 20 years after the surgery. Data were collected before and 1 year after surgery and at the last follow-up. Patients' electrocardiograph(ECG), cardiac events and surgery-related complications were recorded. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to determine the cardiac event-free survival based on different risk stratification and genotypes. Results: A total of 28 LQTS patients, aged 20.5 (15.0, 37.5) and underwent LCSD surgery, were enrolled in this study, including 23(82.1%) women. There were 11(39.3%) patients treated with traditional approach while 17(60.7%) with VATS-LCSD. There were 19(67.9%) patients had positive genetic test results, including 4 LQT1, 12 LQT2, 1 LQT1/LQT2 mixed type, and 2 Jervell-Lange-Nielsen (JLN) syndrome. The median follow-up period was 189.3(138.7, 204.9) months. The dropout rate was 10.7%(3/28) while 3 patients in the intermediate-risk group were lost to follow-up. Horner syndrome occurred in 1 patient (in the high-risk group). Sudden cardiac deaths were observed in 3 (12.0%) patients (all in the high-risk group), and 12 patients (48.0%) had syncope recurrences (2 in low-risk group, 3 in intermediate-risk group and 7 in high-risk group). A significant reduction in the mean yearly episodes of cardiac events was observed, from (3.5±3.3) before LCSD to(0.2±0.1) at one year after LCSD and (0.5±0.8) at last follow up(P<0.001). The mean QTc was shortened from (545.7±51.2)ms before the surgery to (489.0±40.1)ms at the last follow-up (P<0.001). Among the 20 patients with basic QTc ≥500 ms and completing the follow-up, the QTc intervals of 11(55.0%) patients were shortened to below 500 ms. The event free survival rates for any cardiac events after LCSD decreased sequentially in the low-, intermediate- and high-risk groups, and the difference was statistically significant (χ²=7.24, log-rank P=0.026). No difference was found in the event free survival rates among LQT1, LQT2 and undefined gene patients (χ²=5.20, log-rank P>0.05). Conclusions: LCSD surgery can reduce the incidence of cardiac events and shorten the QTc interval in patients with LQTS after the long-term follow-up. LCSD surgery is effective and safe for patients with LQTS ineffective or intolerant to drug therapy. However, high-risk patients are still at a high risk of sudden death after surgery and should be actively monitored and protected by combined therapies.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Electrocardiography , Heart , Long QT Syndrome , Retrospective Studies , Sympathectomy/methods
3.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 29-33, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913618

ABSTRACT

The application of minimal invasive mastectomy has allowed surgeons to perform nipplesparing mastectomy via a shorter, inconspicuous incision under clear vision and with more precise hemostasis. However, it poses new challenges in microsurgical breast reconstruction, such as vascular anastomosis and flap insetting, which are considerably more difficult to perform through the shorter incision on the lateral breast border. We propose an innovative technique of transcutaneous medial fixation sutures to help in flap insetting and creating and maintaining the medial breast border. The sutures are placed after mastectomy and before flap transfer. Three 4-0 nylon suture loops are placed transcutaneously and into the pocket at the markings of the preferred lower medial border of the reconstructed breast. After microvascular anastomosis and temporary shaping of the flap on top of the mastectomy skin, the three corresponding points for the sutures are identified. The three nylon loops are then sutured to the dermis of the corresponding medial point of the flap. The flap is placed into the pocket by a simultaneous gentle pull on the three sutures and a combined lateral push. The stitches are then tied and buried after completion of flap inset.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 726-732, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014211

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effect of TFDM on doxorubicin-induced endothelial cell injury and its mechanism.Methods Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay.Cell morphology was observed by microscope.The changes of LDH, SOD and mitochondrial membrane potential were detected by kit method.Cell migration was detected by Transwell assay; Endothelial dysfunction and VEGF-B/AMPKa pathway related protein expression were detected by Western blot.Results Compared with model group, TFDM significantly increased cell viability, improved the morphologic changes of HUVEC induced by DOX, decreased LDH leakage, increased SOD activity, increased mitochondrial membrane potential, promoted endothelial cell migration, and inhibited endothelial cell injury.The results of Western blot showed that com pared with control group TFDM increased the expression levels of non-receptor tyrosine kinase ( Src) and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) .increased the phosphorylation level of eNOS, and decreased the expression level of ET-1 protein, thereby inhibiting endothelial dysfunction.The protein expression levels of VEGF-B, NRP1 , VEGFR1 and the ratio of p-AMPKa/AMPKa significantly increased in the administration group.Conclusion TFDM may inhibit doxorubicin-induced endothelial cell injury by activating VEGF-B/AMPKa pathway.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 409-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922916

ABSTRACT

We investigated the ability of Dracocephalum moldavica (EPDM) flavonoids to protect human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) from necroptosis induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury. To mimic the process of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, a necroptosis model was established by treatment with the pan-cysteine aspartic acid protease (caspase) inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK combined with oxygen-glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation (OGD/R) injury using HBMECs. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity (cell counting kit-8, CCK-8) was used to measure cell viability. A Hoechst33342/PI fluorescent double-staining method was exploited to determine the rate of cell necroptosis. A commercial kit was used to detect lactate dehydrogenase in the cell culture supernate. DCFH-DA probes, calcein AM and JC-1 probes were used to measure changes in ROS production, mitochondrial membrane permeability transformation pore (MPTP) opening and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), respectively. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were chosen to detect the release of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Western blotting was used to detect necroptosis-related proteins. The results show that relative to control group, Z-VAD-FMK combined with OGD/R injury reduced cell viability, increased the necroptosis rate and the levels of LDH and ROS in HBMECs. The MPTP of the model group cells opened and the MMP reduced. TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels were significantly elevated. Furthermore, the expression of receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and mitochondrial phosphoglycerate mutase 5 (PGAM5) was significantly increased, accompanied by an increase of phosphorylated mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (p-MLKL)/MLKL. EPDM partially reversed the changes of the above-mentioned factors in HBMECs induced by Z-VAD-FMK plus OGD/R injury. These results indicate that EPDM may protect HBMECs from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting the RIP3/MLKL/PGAM5 pathway and MPTP opening to maintain mitochondrial function, thereby providing a scientific basis for the use of EPDM in the treatment of cerebral ischemia-related diseases.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-8, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940511

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Chaishao Liujuntang on Hedgehog signaling pathway in rats with chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) of liver depression and spleen deficiency. MethodWistar rats were randomized into normal group and modeling group. CAG with the liver depression and spleen deficiency syndrome was induced in rats in the modeling group with a compound method. After modeling, they were classified into the model group, vitacoenzyme group, Chaishao Liujuntang group, GDC-0449 (blocker) group, and Chaishao Liujuntang + GDC-0449 group. Normal group and model group were given (ig) normal saline. Vitacoenzyme and Chaishao Liujuntang group received (ig) corresponding drugs at 240 mg·kg-1·d-1 and 5.1 g·kg-1·d-1, respectively, and GDC-0449 group was treated (ip) with GDC-0449 at 50 mg·kg-1·d-1. For the Chaishao Liujuntang + GDC-0449 group, rats received GDC-0449 (ip) at 50 mg·kg-1·d-1 and Chaishao Liujuntang (ig) at 5.1 g·kg-1·d-1. The administration lasted 4 weeks. The pathological morphology of rat gastric mucosa was observed based on hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. mRNA and protein expression of sonic hedgehog (Shh), 12th transmembrane receptor Patched1 (Ptch1), and glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 (Gli1) in gastric mucosa tissues was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. Content of serum interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). ResultCompared with normal group, the model group demonstrated decrease in gland cells, glandular atrophy, large lumen volume, plasma cell infiltration, intestinal metaplasia, decrease in the mRNA and protein expression of Shh, Ptch1, and Gli1 in gastric mucosa (P<0.01), and rise of serum IL-1β and TNF-α content (P<0.01). Compared with model group, vitacoenzyme group and Chaishao Liujuntang group showed ordered cells, alleviation of gland atrophy, and no obvious inflammatory infiltration, and GDC-0499 group and Chaishao Liujuntang + GDC-0449 showed no significant improvement. Significant rise in the mRNA and protein expression of Shh, Ptch1, and Gli1 in gastric mucosa tissues of vitacoenzyme group and Chaishao Liujuntang group (P<0.01), no significant difference in serum IL-1β content and significant decrease in TNF-α content in vitacoenzyme group (P<0.01), significant reduction in content of serum IL-1β and TNF-α in Chaishao Liujuntang group (P<0.05, P<0.01) were observed compared with those in the model group. The mRNA and protein expression of Shh, Ptch1, and Gli1 in gastric mucosa and the content of serum IL-1β and TNF-α were insignificantly different between the GDC-0449 group and Chaishao Liujuntang + GDC-0449 group. ConclusionChaishao Liujuntang can effectively improve the pathological state of gastric mucosa in CAG rats with liver depression and spleen deficiency, which may be related to the activation of Hedgehog signaling pathway and the decrease of IL-1β and TNF-α content.

7.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1057-1061, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941041

ABSTRACT

Trisomy 11 mosaicism is clinically rare, for which making diagnostic and treatment decisions can be challenging. In this study, we used noninvasive prenatal testing, chromosome karyotype analysis, chromosome microarray analysis, copy number variation sequencing and fluorescence in situ hybridization for detecting trisomy 11 mosaicism in two cases and provided them with genetic counseling. In one of the cases, the fetus with confined placental mosaicism trisomy 11 presented with severe growth restriction and a placental mosaic level of 44%, and pregnancy was terminated at 25+3 weeks of gestation. In the other case with true low-level fetal mosaicism of trisomy 11, the pregnancy continued after exclusion of the possibility of uniparental disomy and structural abnormalities and careful prenatal counseling. The newborn was followed up for more than one year, and no abnormality was found. Noninvasive prenatal testing is capable of detecting chromosomal mosaicism but may cause missed diagnosis of true fetal mosaicism. For cases with positive noninvasive prenatal testing but a normal karyotype of the fetus, care should be taken in prenatal counseling and pregnancy management.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Chromosome Disorders/diagnosis , DNA Copy Number Variations , Genetic Testing , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Mosaicism , Placenta , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 147-156, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906405

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the distribution characteristics of mineral elements in <italic>Gastrodia elata </italic>samples<italic> </italic>with different grades and specifications (variants) from diverse producing areas and their classification and identification evidences. Method:Fourteen mineral elements in 31 batches of <italic>Gastrodia elata</italic> samples of different grades and specifications (variants) from diverse producing areas were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry, Mo-Sb colorimetry, and curcumin colorimetry, and then subjected to correlation analysis (CA), discriminant analysis (DA), and principal component analysis (PCA). Result:The content of K, N, and P in <italic>G. elata</italic> was the highest, enabling them to serve as the nutritional limiting factors affecting its growth. The <italic>G. elata</italic> samples could be identified by the variation trend of elements (K>N>P>Mg>Ca>Fe>B>Zn>Mn>Cu>Ni>Cr>Pb>Cd). The comparison of <italic>G. elata</italic> samples from multiple producing areas showed that <italic>G. elata</italic> from Zhaotong has the highest P, Fe, and Cd content, that from Lijiang the highest K content, that form Luotian the highest Zn and Cr content, and that from Jinzhai the highest Cu and Pb content. The content of Mg, B, Pb, and Cr in <italic>G. elata</italic> f. <italic>elata</italic> was higher than that in <italic>G. elata </italic>f. <italic>glauca</italic>. It was found that the content of P, Cu, and Cd in commercially available <italic>G. elata </italic>products gradually increased with the decrease in the commercial grade, while that of Mg, Fe, B, and Ni mostly decreased. As revealed by CA, Fe was positively correlated with Mg, Cr, and B. The producing areas of <italic>G. elata</italic> samples could be effectively identified by DA with Cd, Pb, Cr, Cu, B, and Ni as the main variables, and the accuracy reached up to 85.71%. According to the PCA of mineral elements in <italic>G. elata</italic> f. <italic>glauca</italic> from Zhaotong, Yunnan Province, Fe, Cr, Mg, Cd, P, Mn, B, Pb, and Cu exerted a greater influence on <italic>G. elata</italic>. Conclusion:The determination of mineral elements in <italic>G. elata</italic> samples contributes to identifying their authenticity and origin due to the easy operation, accurate results, and good stability.

9.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 483-493, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897136

ABSTRACT

Background@#Direct-to-implant (DTI) breast reconstruction after nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) with the use of acellular dermal matrix (ADM) provides reliable outcomes; however, the use of ADM is associated with a higher risk of complications. We analyzed our experiences of post-NSM DTI without ADM and identified the predictive factors of adverse surgical outcomes. @*Methods@#Patients who underwent NSM and immediate DTI or two-stage tissue expander (TE) breast reconstruction from 2009 to 2020 were enrolled. Predictors of adverse endpoints were analyzed. @*Results@#There were 100 DTI and 29 TE reconstructions. The TE group had a higher rate of postmastectomy radiotherapy (31% vs. 11%; P=0.009), larger specimens (317.37±176.42 g vs. 272.08±126.33 g; P=0.047), larger implants (360.84±85.19 g vs. 298.83±81.13 g; P=0.004) and a higher implant/TE exposure ratio (10.3% vs. 1%; P=0.035). In DTI reconstruction, age over 50 years (odds ratio [OR], 5.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50–19.74; P=0.010) and a larger mastectomy weight (OR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.08–2.51; P=0.021) were associated with a higher risk of acute complications. Intraoperative radiotherapy for the nipple-areolar complex increased the risk of acute complications (OR, 4.05; 95% CI, 1.07–15.27; P=0.039) and the likelihood of revision surgery (OR, 5.57; 95% CI, 1.25–24.93; P=0.025). @*Conclusions@#Immediate DTI breast reconstruction following NSM is feasible in Asian patients with smaller breasts.

10.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 483-493, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889432

ABSTRACT

Background@#Direct-to-implant (DTI) breast reconstruction after nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) with the use of acellular dermal matrix (ADM) provides reliable outcomes; however, the use of ADM is associated with a higher risk of complications. We analyzed our experiences of post-NSM DTI without ADM and identified the predictive factors of adverse surgical outcomes. @*Methods@#Patients who underwent NSM and immediate DTI or two-stage tissue expander (TE) breast reconstruction from 2009 to 2020 were enrolled. Predictors of adverse endpoints were analyzed. @*Results@#There were 100 DTI and 29 TE reconstructions. The TE group had a higher rate of postmastectomy radiotherapy (31% vs. 11%; P=0.009), larger specimens (317.37±176.42 g vs. 272.08±126.33 g; P=0.047), larger implants (360.84±85.19 g vs. 298.83±81.13 g; P=0.004) and a higher implant/TE exposure ratio (10.3% vs. 1%; P=0.035). In DTI reconstruction, age over 50 years (odds ratio [OR], 5.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50–19.74; P=0.010) and a larger mastectomy weight (OR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.08–2.51; P=0.021) were associated with a higher risk of acute complications. Intraoperative radiotherapy for the nipple-areolar complex increased the risk of acute complications (OR, 4.05; 95% CI, 1.07–15.27; P=0.039) and the likelihood of revision surgery (OR, 5.57; 95% CI, 1.25–24.93; P=0.025). @*Conclusions@#Immediate DTI breast reconstruction following NSM is feasible in Asian patients with smaller breasts.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2048-2053, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887657

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#With the ongoing worldwide coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, an increasing number of viral variants are being identified, which poses a challenge for nucleic acid-based diagnostic tests. Rapid tests, such as real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR), play an important role in monitoring COVID-19 infection and controlling its spread. However, the changes in the genotypes of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants may result in decreased sensitivity of the rRT-PCR assay and it is necessary to monitor the mutations in primers and probes of SARS-CoV-2 detection over time.@*METHODS@#We developed two rRT-PCR assays to detect the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and nucleocapsid (N) genes of SARS-CoV-2. We evaluated these assays together with our previously published assays targeting the ORF1ab and N genes for the detection and confirmation of SARS-CoV-2 and its variants of concern (VOCs). In addition, we also developed two rRT-PCR assays (S484K and S501Y) targeting the spike gene, which when combined with the open reading frames (ORF)1ab assay, respectively, to form duplex rRT-PCR assays, were able to detect SARS-CoV-2 VOCs (lineages B.1.351 and B.1.1.7).@*RESULTS@#Using a SARS-CoV-2 stock with predetermined genomic copies as a standard, the detection limit of both assays targeting RdRp and N was five copies/reaction. Furthermore, no cross-reactions with six others human CoVs (229E, OC43, NL63, HKU1, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus) were observed using these assays. In addition, the S484K and S501Y assays were combined with the ORF1ab assay, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Four rRT-PCR assays (RdRp, N, S484K, and S501Y) were used to detect SARS-CoV-2 variants, and these assays were shown to be effective in screening for multiple virus strains.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , RNA, Viral/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcription , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensitivity and Specificity
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1757-1768, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887028

ABSTRACT

The gut microbiota takes part in many in vivo important physiological activities of host, such as the substance metabolism and energy exchange, etc. The interaction between the host and the intestinal microorganisms has attracted scholars' attention. Flavonoids are a group of polyphenol compounds widely found in natural plants, with the bioactive effect of regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism, anti-inflammation. However, their low bioavailability cause difficulty to clarify the effective substances and the mechanism of flavonoids. Apart from the metabolic effects of liver on flavonoids, recent studies have shown that the gut microbiota can interact with flavonoids. On the one hand, flavonoids can be metabolized by gut microbiota and subsequent metabolites can produce pharmacological activities different from the parent components. On the other hand, flavonoids and their metabolites can in turn regulate the composition and physiological activities of the intestinal flora, which seems to provide a new insight for the research on the effective substances of flavonoids. In this review, we introduced the metabolic characteristics of flavonoids under the actions of intestinal bacteria, and the regulation effects of flavonoids on gut microbiota was also summarized. Meanwhile, the therapeutic effect of flavonoids under the action of intestinal bacteria was discussed.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1289-1298, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878153

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The significant morbidity and mortality resulted from the infection of a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) call for urgent development of effective and safe vaccines. We report the immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, KCONVAC, in healthy adults.@*METHODS@#Phase 1 and phase 2 randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trials of KCONVAC were conducted in healthy Chinese adults aged 18 to 59 years. The participants in the phase 1 trial were randomized to receive two doses, one each on Days 0 and 14, of either KCONVAC (5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo. The participants in the phase 2 trial were randomized to receive either KCONVAC (at 5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo on Days 0 and 14 (0/14 regimen) or Days 0 and 28 (0/28 regimen). In the phase 1 trial, the primary safety endpoint was the proportion of participants experiencing adverse reactions/events within 28 days following the administration of each dose. In the phase 2 trial, the primary immunogenicity endpoints were neutralization antibody seroconversion and titer and anti-receptor-binding domain immunoglobulin G seroconversion at 28 days after the second dose.@*RESULTS@#In the phase 1 trial, 60 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 24), 10-μg vaccine (n = 24), or placebo (n = 12). In the phase 2 trial, 500 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 100 for 0/14 or 0/28 regimens), 10-μg vaccine (n = 100 for each regimen), or placebo (n = 50 for each regimen). In the phase 1 trial, 13 (54%), 11 (46%), and seven (7/12) participants reported at least one adverse event (AE) after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. In the phase 2 trial, 16 (16%), 19 (19%), and nine (18%) 0/14-regimen participants reported at least one AE after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. Similar AE incidences were observed in the three 0/28-regimen treatment groups. No AEs with an intensity of grade 3+ were reported, expect for one vaccine-unrelated serious AE (foot fracture) reported in the phase 1 trial. KCONVAC induced significant antibody responses; 0/28 regimen showed a higher immune responses than that did 0/14 regimen after receiving two vaccine doses.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both doses of KCONVAC are well tolerated and able to induce robust immune responses in healthy adults. These results support testing 5-μg vaccine in the 0/28 regimen in an upcoming phase 3 efficacy trial.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx (No. ChiCTR2000038804, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=62350; No. ChiCTR2000039462, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=63353).


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Double-Blind Method , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines, Inactivated/adverse effects
14.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 568-572, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849720

ABSTRACT

Ion channel genes have been a hot topic in research of genetic pathogenesis of epilepsy and antiepileptic drugs development. With the rapid development of epilepsy genetics, many non-ion channel genes have been found to be involved in the pathogenesis of epilepsy recent years, providing new targets for the development of anti-epileptic drugs beyond ion channels. The present paper aims to summarize the current ionic and non-ion channel genes that can be used to guide the precise treatment of epilepsy and their application in the precise treatment of epilepsy in children, so to provide reference for identifying the epilepsyassociated gene phenotype and formulating a precise treatment plan.

15.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 183-188, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793275

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to understand the status of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among the hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Yinchuan, so as to analyze the factors associated with HRQOL of hospitalized T2DM patients. The applied value of quantile regression in analysis of HRQOL was explored. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted to obtain data of 480 hospitalized T2DM patients. The Chinese Normal Audit of Diabetes-Dependent Quality of Life (CN-ADDQoL) scale was used to assess the HRQOL status of patients. Traditional linear regression and quantile regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of HRQOL in hospitalized T2DM patients. Results The average weight impact (AWI) of hospitalized T2DM patients was-2.7(-3.6,-1.9), and the items with lowest score were in the dimension of “work life” (AWI,-4(-6,-2)), “eat” AWI,-4(-6,-2)) and “Anything of Drinking” (AWI,-4(-6,-2)). Linear regression results showed that 18-59 years old or the renal and circulatory complications were risk factors for HRQOL in T2DM hospitalized patients. Quantile regression further found that the better the quality of life, the weaker the effect on age (β1=0.931, P1=0.001; β2=0.699, P2=0.001; β3=0.370, P3=0.012; β4=0.313, P4=0.035), the rural residents (β5=-0.421, P5<0.001), insulin treatment (β3=-0.325; P3=0.024), the ocular (β1=-0.546, P1=0.008; β5=-0.352, P5=0.008), renal (β5=-0.358, P5=0.025) and circulatory complications (β1=-0.803, P1<0.001; β5=-0.302, P5=0.011) had effect on HRQOL at different quantiles. Conclusions Age, urban and rural residence, whether receive insulin therapy and complications are the influencing factors of HRQOL in hospitalized T2DM patients. The quantile regression model can show different factors affecting the quality of life of patients at different quintiles. The results from quantile regression can provide the targeted and reasonable recommendations for improvement of HRQOL of T2DM patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 28-35, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812932

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the complete mitochondrial genome sequences of two phenotypes of Paragonimus westermani isolated from Fujian Province with different sizes of metacercariae, and perform a phylogenetic analysis of various geographical isolates of P. westermani from Asia, so as to identify the possible genetic characteristics associated with the P. westermani phenotypes. Methods P. westermani metacercariae with different sizes (large metacercariae, 380–420 μm in diameter; small metacercariae, 320–340 μm) isolated from freshwater crabs were used to infect dogs, and the eggs and adult worms of P. westermani were collected from the dog stool samples and lung tissues. Then, the egg size and morphology were compared. In addition, genomic DNA was extracted from the adult worms of the two phenotypes of P. westermani and used for the PCR amplification to yield the complete mitochondrial genome sequence. Sequence structure and phylogenetic analyses were performed based on the complete mitochondrial genome of P. westermani. Results Following infection with large and small P. westermani metacercariae, the adult worms recovered from the dog lung had a thick body, and had oral and ventral suckers. The ventral sucker was located slightly in front of the midline of the body, and testes, ovary and vitelline gland were seen in the adult worms. Following fixation, the adults appeared oval, with an approximately 1.7∶1 of the length-width ratio. The length and width of the eggs isolated from the fecal samples of dogs infected with large and small P. westermani metacercariae varied significantly, and the large metacercariae produced bigger eggs than the smaller metacercariae. Based on the morphological features of adults and eggs and the ITS2 sequences, both phenotypes were identified as P. westermani. The complete mitochondrial genome sequence analysis of adults showed almost consistent sequences in the protein-coding region of the mitochondrial genome of adult worms derived from large and small metacercariae, with a major variation seen in the former non-coding region. Sliding window analysis revealed the most polymorphic region within the ND4 gene across the mitochondrial genome from various geographical isolates of P. westermani, and phylogenetic analysis showed that both phenotypes were clustered into the Chinese branch of P. westermani, which was close to the Japanese branch and distinct from the South/Southeast Asian branch. Conclusions The genetic distance between the phenotypes of P. westermani isolated from Fujian Province is near at a mitochondrial genome level, with no remarkable genetic differentiation seen; however, the mutation and structural changes in the non-coding region may result in the phenotypic variations. In addition, there is a distinct variation of the evolutionary rate in the mitochondrial coding genes, suggesting the selection of appropriate molecular markers during the phylogenic researches.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2558-2569, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837521

ABSTRACT

Resveratrol possesses a wide range of biological activities, such as anti-cancer, anti-oxidation, induction of apoptosis, etc., but its poor drug properties, rapid metabolism, low target selectivity and bioavailability limit its application value. Studies have shown that modification of the structure of natural compounds can improve their pharmacological activities. To improve the bioavailability of resveratrol, many researchers have undertaken the synthesis and activity evaluation of resveratrol derivatives and analogues. They have modified the phenolic hydroxyl groups, double bonds and benzene ring of resveratrol so as to further understand the interactions among functional groups and its structure-activity relationship. In this paper, we review the chemical structures, synthetic methods and mechanisms of biological activity of resveratrol monomer derivatives as well as their related therapeutic applications, especially in the anticancer area over the last decade. This will provide some reference value for the further research and development of resveratrol-related drugs.

18.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e24-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834464

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The characteristics of patients with metachronous breast and ovarian malignancies and the pathogenic role of BRCA1/2 mutations remain poorly understood. We investigated these issues through a review of hospital records and nationwide Taiwanese registry data, followed by BRCA1/2 mutation analysis in hospital-based cases. @*Methods@#We retrospectively retrieved consecutive clinical records of Taiwanese patients who presented with these malignancies to our hospital between 2001 and 2017. We also collected information from the Data Science Center of the Taiwan Cancer Registry (TCR) between 2007 and 2015. Next-generation sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification were used to identify BRCA1/2 mutations and large genomic rearrangements, respectively. When BRCA1/2 mutations were identified in index cases, pedigrees were reconstructed and genetic testing was offered to family members. @*Results@#A total of 12,769 patients with breast cancer and 1,537 with ovarian cancer were retrieved from our hospital records. Of them, 28 had metachronous breast and ovarian malignancies. We also identified 113 cases from the TCR dataset. Eighteen hospital-based cases underwent BRCA1/2 sequencing and germline pathogenic mutations were detected in 7 patients (38.9%, 5 in BRCA1 and 2 in BRCA2). All BRCA1/2 mutation carriers had ovarian high-grade serous carcinomas. Of the 12 patients who were alive at the time of analysis, 5 were BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. All of them had family members with BRCA1/2-associated malignancies. @*Conclusions@#Our results provide pilot evidence that BRCA1/2 mutations are common in Taiwanese patients with metachronous breast and ovarian malignancies, supporting the clinical utility of genetic counseling.

19.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 958-963, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801396

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prenatal ultrasonographic features and prognosis of vasa previa, to explore the application value of sector scanning in the intracervical mouth by antenatal ultrasound, then to increase vasa previa detection rate.@*Methods@#Prenatal ultrasound images, clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcome of 35 pregnant women with vasa previa confirmed by surgery and pathology were analyzed retrospectively, the diagnostic effectiveness of sector scanning in the intracervical mouth was evaluated.@*Results@#Thirty-three of the 35 vasa previa cases were detected by sector scanning in the intracervical mouth, with a detection rate of 94.3% (33/35). Of the 35 cases, 20 cases (60.6%) were first contacted in second trimester and 13 cases (39.4%) were first contacted in third trimester. Two cases were missed or misdiagnosed, which were all first contact in third trimester. Among the 35 cases, 25 were velamentous placenta and 4 were battledore placenta. Twenty cases were low-lying placenta or marginal placenta previa. All 35 women underwent cesarean section. No neonatal mortality, 11 term infants, 20 premature infants of more than 34 weeks and 4 premature infants of less than 34 weeks. All placentas underwent pathological examination after delivery, 4 cases placentas underwent vascular casting, and it was found that 2 cases were vasa previa of umbilical artery branch and 2 cases were vasa previa of allantoic veins branch.@*Conclusions@#Vasa previa can be effectively detected by prenatal ultrasonography through sector scanning in the intracervical mouth. Second trimester is the best period to detect vasa previa. Pathomorphological examination on placenta after delivery and vascular casting are helpful to the understanding of vasa previa.

20.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 958-963, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824438

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prenatal ultrasonographic features and prognosis of vasa previa,to explore the application value of sector scanning in the intracervical mouth by antenatal ultrasound,then to increase vasa previa detection rate.Methods Prenatal ultrasound images,clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcome of 35 pregnant women with vasa previa confirmed by surgery and pathology were analyzed retrospectively,the diagnostic effectiveness of sector scanning in the intracervical mouth was evaluated.Results Thirty-three of the 35 vasa previa cases were detected by sector scanning in the intracervical mouth,with a detection rate of 94.3 % (33/35).Of the 35 cases,20 cases (60.6 %) were first contacted in second trimester and 13 cases (39.4%) were first contacted in third trimester.Two cases were missed or misdiagnosed,which were all first contact in third trimester.Among the 35 cases,25 were velamentous placenta and 4 were battledore placenta.Twenty cases were low-lying placenta or marginal placenta previa.All 35 women underwent cesarean section.No neonatal mortality,11 term infants,20 premature infants of more than 34 weeks and 4 premature infants of less than 34 weeks.All placentas underwent pathological examination after delivery,4 cases placentas underwent vascular casting,and it was found that 2 cases were vasa previa of umbilical artery branch and 2 cases were vasa previa of allantoic veins branch.Conclusions Vasa previa can be effectively detected by prenatal ultrasonography through sector scanning in the intracervical mouth.Second trimester is the best period to detect vasa previa.Pathomorphological examination on placenta after delivery and vascular casting are helpful to the understanding of vasa previa.

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