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1.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 410-415, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985939

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for patients with acute leukemia who are positive for the SET-NUP214 fusion gene (SET-NUP214+AL). Methods: This was a retrospective case series study. Clinical data of 18 patients with SET-NUP214+AL who received allo-HSCT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and Soochow Hongci Hematology Hospital from December 2014 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed to investigate treatment efficacy and prognosis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results: Of the 18 patients, 12 were male and 6 were female, and the median age was 29 years (range, 13-55 years). There were six cases of mixed phenotype acute leukemia (three cases of myeloid/T, two cases of B/T, one case of myeloid/B/T), nine cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (one case of B-ALL and eight cases of T-ALL), and three cases of acute myeloid leukemia. All patients received induction chemotherapy after diagnosis, and 17 patients achieved complete remission (CR) after chemotherapy. All patients subsequently received allo-HSCT. Pre-transplantation status: 15 patients were in the first CR, 1 patient was in the second CR, 1 was in partial remission, and 1 patient did not reach CR. All patients were successfully implanted with stem cells. The median time of granulocyte and platelet reconstitution was +12 and +13 days, respectively. With a median follow-up of 23 (4-80) months, 15 patients survived, while 3 patients died. The cause of death was recurrence of SET-NUP214+AL after transplantation. After allo-HSCT, 5 patients relapsed. The estimated 3-year overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) rates were 83.3%±15.2% and 55.4%±20.7%, respectively. Among the 15 patients who achieved CR before transplantation, there was no significant difference in OS and RFS between haploidentical HSCT and matched sibling donor HSCT (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Allo-HSCT can improve the prognosis and long-term survival rate of patients with SET-NUP214+AL. Disease recurrence is the most important factor affecting long-term survival.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Survival Analysis , Remission Induction , Acute Disease , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Recurrence , Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 794-800, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of pure Chinese herbal extract Mangiferin on the malignant biological behaviors of multiple myeloma (MM) cells, and to analyze the molecular mechanism of the anti-myeloma effect of Mangiferin, so as to provide experimental basis for MM replacement therapy.@*METHODS@#U266 and RPMI8226 of human MM cell lines were intervened with different concentrations of Mangiferin. Cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 method. Annexin V/PI double staining flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis. Western blot was used to detect the expression of apoptosis and related signaling pathway proteins, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR) family.@*RESULTS@#Mangiferin could inhibit the proliferation activity of U266 and RPMI8226 cells and induce cells apoptosis. After Mangiferin intervened in U266, RPMI8226 cells for 48 h, the expression of Bcl-2 family pro-apoptotic protein Bax was up-regulated, while the expression of survivin and Bcl-xL proteins was down-regulated and caspase-3 was hydrolyzed and activated to promote cell apoptosis, besides, the expression of Bcl-2 protein in U266 cells was also significantly down-regulated to induce apoptosis (P<0.05). After Mangiferin intervenes in MM cells, it can not only increase the expression level of tumor suppressor p53, but also induce programmed cell death of MM cells by inhibiting the expression of anti-apoptotic molecules and down-regulating the phosphorylation levels of AKT and NF-κB. In addition, after the intervention of Mangiferin, the expressions of CXCR4, MMP2 and MMP9 in U266 cells were down-regulated (P<0.05), while there is no effect on the expressions of CXCR2, CXCR7 and MMP13 (P>0.05). However, the expressions of CXCR4, MMP9, and MMP13 in RPMI8226 cells were down-regulated (P<0.01), the expression of MMP2 was weakly affected, and the expression of CXCR2 and CXCR7 was basically not affected (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Mangiferin can inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of MM cells, and its mechanism may be related to inhibiting the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway, affecting the expression of Bcl-2 family proteins, and inhibiting the expression of core members of MMP and CXCR family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13 , Cell Line, Tumor , NF-kappa B , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Cell Proliferation , Apoptosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
3.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2053-2056, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997259

ABSTRACT

From the perspective of cybernetics, this study investigated the fundamental principles of empirical thinking in traditional Chinese medicine, encompassing six stages: experience input and storage, experience extraction and activation, experience combination and reconstruction, judgment and decision-making based on experience, and experience evaluation and feedback. The potential limitations of empirical thinking in clinical applications were analyzed, mainly manifested as “individuality”, “superficiality”, “conservatism”, “prioritizing commonality over individuality”, and “cognitive inertia”. To overcome these limitations, this paper also explored strategies and methods for clinical error-correction from four points: the integration of rational and empirical thinking, the reinforcement of feedback mechanisms and transcendent correction, the integration of individualization and quantity-quality balance, and the management and transference of tacit knowledge under empirical thinking.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 321-326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995438

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the disability status of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in China and to identify the influencing factors of the inflammatory bowel disease disability index (IBD-DI).Methods:From October 1 to December 31, 2021, a total of 1 170 IBD patients were recruited from 7 IBD centers and WeChat public platforms in China. All the patients were surveyed by the IBD-DI questionnaire, which included demographic information, disease activity, medication history, treatment and surgical history. Demographic information included gender, age, income status, etc. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of IBD-DI.Results:Among the 1 170 IBD patients, 746 patients (63.76%) were male and 424 patients (36.24%) were female; there were 871 cases (74.44%) of Crohn′s disease(CD), 277 cases (23.68%) of ulcerative colitis (UC) and 22 cases (1.88%) of inflammatory bowel disease undassified (IBDU). The age was 36.00 years old (29.00 years old, 45.00 years old), and the IBD-DI score was 9.00 (5.00, 15.00). The results of multiple linear regression analysis revealed that the disease activity ( β=0.65, t=22.33, P<0.001), current treatment with enteral nutrition ( β=0.09, t=3.06, P<0.001), and history of perianal surgery ( β=0.06, t=2.12, P=0.034) were influencing factors of IBD-DI in the CD patients. Disease activity ( β=0.65, t=14.37, P<0.001), household per capita annual income ( β=-0.16, t=-3.59, P<0.001), current usage of immunosuppressants ( β=0.12, t=2.66, P=0.008), current treatment with enteral nutrition ( β=0.12, t=2.57, P=0.011), and the duration of each exercise ( β=-0.12, t=-2.67, P=0.008) were influencing factors of IBD-DI in UC patients. Conclusions:Disability is common in Chinese IBD patients, and their IBD-DI were different. Disease activity is the most important factor affecting IBD-DI. The IBD-DI is higher in IBD patients receiving enteral nutrition treatment, CD patients with a history of perianal surgery and UC patients with current usage of immunosuppressants. However, household per capita annual income and the duration of each exercise are negatively correlated with IBD-DI in UC patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 484-489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984648

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of polymyxin B in neutropenic patients with hematologic disorders who had refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infection. Methods: From August 2021 to July 2022, we retrospectively analyzed neutropenic patients with refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infection who were treated with polymyxin B in the Department of Hematology of the First Affiliated Hospital of the Soochow University between August 2021 to July 2022. The cumulative response rate was then computed. Results: The study included 27 neutropenic patients with refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infections. Polymyxin B therapy was effective in 22 of 27 patients. The median time between the onset of fever and the delivery of polymyxin B was 3 days [interquartile range (IQR) : 2-5]. The median duration of polymyxin B treatment was 7 days (IQR: 5-11). Polymyxin B therapy had a median antipyretic time of 37 h (IQR: 32-70). The incidence of acute renal dysfunction was 14.8% (four out of 27 cases), all classified as "injury" according to RIFLE criteria. The incidence of hyperpigmentation was 59.3%. Conclusion: Polymyxin B is a viable treatment option for granulocytopenia patients with refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymyxin B/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/complications , Fever/drug therapy , Sepsis/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bacteremia/complications
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 364-376, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982068

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate and analyze the effect of CXC chemokine receptor 1/2 (CXCR1/2) targeting inhibitor Reparixin combined with cytarabine (Ara-C) on the malignant biological behaviors of acute myeloid leukemia cells and its effect on the expression of the CXCR family, while exploring the accompanying molecular mechanism, providing scientific basis and reference for new molecular markers and targeted therapy for AML.@*METHODS@#Acute myeloid leukemia U937 cells were treated with different concentrations of Reparixin, Ara-C alone or in combination, and the cell morphology was observed under an inverted microscope; Wright-Giemsa staining was used to detect cell morphological changes; CCK-8 method was used to detect cell proliferation; the ability of cell invasion was detected by Transwell chamber method; the ability of colony formation was detected by colony formation assay; cell apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33258 fluorescent staining and Annexin V/PI double-staining flow cytometry; monodansylcadaverine(MDC) staining was used to detect cell autophagy; the expression of apoptosis, autophagy and related signaling pathway proteins was detected by Western blot and the expression changes of CXCR family were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#Reparixin could inhibit the proliferation, invasion, migration and clone formation ability of U937 cells. Compared with the single drug group, when U937 cells were intervened by Reparixin combined with Ara-C, the malignant biological behaviors such as proliferation, invasion and colony formation were significantly decreased, and the levels of apoptosis and autophagy were significantly increased (P<0.01). After Reparixin combined with Ara-C intervenes in U937 cells, it can up-regulate the expression of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax and significantly down-regulate the expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, and also hydrolyze and activate Caspase-3, thereby inducing cell apoptosis. Reparixin combined with Ara-C could up-regulate the expressions of LC3Ⅱ and Beclin-1 proteins in U937 cells, and the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ in cells was significantly up-regulated compared with single drug or control group (P<0.01). MDC result showed that the green granules of vesicles increased significantly, and a large number of broken cells were seen (P<0.01). Reparixin combined with Ara-C can significantly inhibit the phosphorylation level of PI3K, AKT and NF-κB signaling molecule, inhibit the malignant biological behavior of cells by inhibiting the activation of PI3K/AKT/NF-κB pathway, and induce programmed cell death. Ara-C intervention in U937 cells had no effect on the expression of CXCR family (P>0.05). The expression of CXCR1, CXCR2, and CXCR4 mRNA could be down-regulated by Reparixin single-agent intervention in U937 cells (P<0.05), and the expression of CXCR2 was more significantly down-regulated than the control group and other CXCRs (P<0.01). When Reparixin and Ara-C intervened in combination, the down-regulated levels of CXCR1 and CXCR2 were more significant than those in the single-drug group (P<0.01), while the relative expressions of CXCR4 and CXCR7 mRNA had no significant difference compared with the single-drug group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Reparixin combined with Ara-C can synergistically inhibit the malignant biological behaviors of U937 cells such as proliferation, invasion, migration and clone formation, and induce autophagy and apoptosis. The mechanism may be related to affecting the proteins expression of Bcl-2 family and down-regulating the proteins expression of CXCR family, while inhibiting the PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , U937 Cells , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Receptors, Interleukin-8A , NF-kappa B , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , RNA, Messenger , Cell Line, Tumor
7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 878-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972421

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the strabismus surgery situation of adolescents and children in Yunnan province.METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on medical records data of 3 068 adolescents and children who received strabismus surgery at Affiliated Hospital of Yunnan University from January 2017 to December 2021. The analysis included gender, constituent ratio of age, distribution of strabismus types and combination with other ocular diseases, etc.RESULTS: Among the included patients, 52.12% were males, and 47.88% were females. Preschool patients(1 to 6 years old)accounted for 32.89%, primary pupils(7 to 12 years old)accounted for 45.89% and high school students(13 to 18 years old)accounted for 21.22%. Exotropia accounted for 63.17% of the total strabismus, of which intermittent exotropia was the most common type. Esotropia accounted for 19.69%, and concomitant esotropia was the most common type. The special type of strabismus accounted for 17.14%, and A-V syndrome and dissociative vertical deviation(DVD)were the most common types. Strabismus combined with ametropia accounted for 61.02% and amblyopia accounted for 10.89%. A few patients also combined with other eye diseases.CONCLUSION: In Yunnan province, intermittent exotropia was the most common type of strabismus among adolescents and children. Some patients combined with other ocular diseases.

8.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 124-132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971284

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the gut microbiota in newly diagnosed IgA nephropathy patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 1-2 and the association between the gut microbiota and the clinical risk factors of IgA nephropathy.@*METHODS@#Fresh fecal samples were collected from nineteen newly diagnosed IgA nephropathy patients with CKD stages 1-2 and fifteen age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Fecal bacterial DNA was extracted and microbiota composition were characterized using 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) high-throughput sequencing for the V3-V4 region. The Illumina Miseq platform was used to analyze the results of 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing of fecal flora. At the same time, the clinical risk factors of IgA nephropathy patients were collected to investigate the association between the gut microbiota and the clinical risk factors.@*RESULTS@#(1) At the phylum level, the abundance of Bacteroidetes was significantly reduced (P=0.046), and the abundance of Actinobacteria was significantly increased (P=0.001). At the genus level, the abundance of Escherichia-Shigella, Bifidobacte-rium, Dorea and others were significantly increased (P < 0.05). The abundance of Lachnospira, Coprococcus_2 and Sutterella was significantly reduced (P < 0.05). (2) There was no significant difference in the abundance of gut microbiota between the newly diagnosed IgA nephropathy patients and the healthy control group (P>0.05), but there were differences in the structure of the gut microbiota between the two groups. The results of LEfSe analysis showed that there were 16 differential bacteria in the newly diagnosed IgA nephropathy patients and healthy controls. Among them, the abundance of the newly diagnosed IgA nephropathy patients was increased in Enterobacteriales, Actinobacteria, Escherichia-Shigella, etc. The healthy control group was increased in Bacteroidetes and Lachnospira. (3) The result of redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that Bifidobacterium was positively correlated with serum IgA levels, 24-hour urinary protein levels and the presence of hypertension. Lachnoclostridium was positively correlated with the presence of hypertension. Escherichia-Shigella was positively correlated with urine red blood cells account. Bifidobacterium was positively correlated with the proliferation of capillaries. Faecalibacterium was positively correlated with cell/fibrocytic crescents. Ruminococcus_2 was positively correlated with mesangial cell proliferation, glomerular segmental sclerosis and renal tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis.@*CONCLUSION@#The gut microbiota in the newly diagnosed IgA nephropathy patients with CKD stages 1-2 is different from that of the healthy controls. Most importantly, some gut bacteria are related to the clinical risk factors of IgA nephropathy. Further research is needed to understand the potential role of these bacteria in IgA nephropathy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Bacteria/genetics , Risk Factors , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 649-653, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012207

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of Venetoclax combined with multidrug chemotherapy in patients with relapsed or refractory early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R ETP-ALL) . Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed 15 patients with R/R ETP-ALL who received Venetoclax combined with multidrug chemotherapy from December 2018 to February 2022. Among them, eight cases were combined with demethylated drugs, four cases were combined with demethylated drugs and HAAG chemotherapy regimen, two cases were combined with demethylated drugs and CAG regimen, and one case was combined with Cladribine. Specific usage and dosage of Venetoclax: 100 mg on day 1, 200 mg on day 2, 400 mg on day 3-28, orally; when combined with azole antifungal drugs, dosage was reduced to 100 mg/d. Results: Fifteen patients (10 males and 5 females) with R/R ETP-ALL were treated with Venetoclax and multidrug chemotherapy with a median age of 35 (12-42) years old. Of 4 refractory and 11 relapsed patients, the efficacy was evaluated on the 21th day following combined chemotherapy: the overall response rate, the complete response (CR) rate, and the CR with incomplete hematological recovery (CRi) rate were 67.7% (10/15), 60.0% (9/15), and 6.7% (1/15), respectively. For the overall study population, the 12-month overall survival (OS) rate was 60.0%, and the median OS was 17.7 months. The disease-free survival (DFS) rate of all CR patients at 12 months was 60.0%, and the median DFS did not reach. About 14 patients had Ⅲ-Ⅳ hematological toxicity, but these adverse reactions were all controllable. No adverse reaction in the nervous system and tumor lysis syndrome occurred in this study, and no adverse reaction of organs above grade Ⅲ occurred. Conclusion: Venetoclax combined with multidrug chemotherapy may be a safe and promising treatment option for patients with R/R ETP-ALL.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Precursor Cells, T-Lymphoid , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 292-296, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935385

ABSTRACT

Estimating the actual real-world effectiveness of the vaccine is an essential part of the post-marketing evaluation. This regression discontinuity design (RDD) using observational data is designed to quantify the effect of an intervention when eligibility for the intervention is based on a defined cutoff as age, making it suited to estimate vaccine effects. This approach can avoid the high cost and ethical issues; overcome difficulties in the organization and practice process in randomized controlled trials, which leads to a higher level of causal inference evidence and more realistic results. Here, we describe key features of RDD in general, and then specific scenarios, with examples, to illustrate that RDD are an essential tool for advancing our understanding of vaccine effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Causality , Vaccine Efficacy , Vaccines
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 554-560, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935324

ABSTRACT

Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable encephalitis in Asia and the Western Pacific, which mainly invades central nervous system. Vaccination is the most important strategy to prevent JE. Currently, both live attenuated Japanese encephalitis vaccines (JE-L) and inactivated vaccines (JE-I) are in use. Due to the supply of vaccines and the personal choice of recipients, there will be a demand for interchangeable immunization of these two vaccines. However, relevant research is limited. By reviewing domestic and foreign research evidence, this article summarizes the current situation of the interchangeable use of JE-L and JE-I, and makes recommendations when the interchangeable immunization is in urgent need, so as to provide reference for practical vaccination and policymaking in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Encephalitis Virus, Japanese , Encephalitis, Japanese/prevention & control , Immunization , Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines , Vaccination , Vaccines, Inactivated
12.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 459-463, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935308

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and spatiotemporal clustering of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2019. Methods: The data of hepatitis A incidence in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2019 were collected from the infectious disease surveillance system of China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention. ArcGIS 10.7 software was used for spatial autocorrelation analysis. SaTScan 9.6 software was used for spatiotemporal scanning analysis. SPSS 25.0 software was used for additional analysis. Results: Zhejiang Province has reported 5 465 cases of hepatitis A in 2010-2019 years, with an average annual incidence rate of 1.00/100 000, and periodicity and seasonality are not obvious. The incidence of male was higher than that of female (P=0.023), and the highest incidence rate was 50-59 years old. Spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that there was a positive spatial correlation between the incidence of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2017, with the weakest correlation in 2010 (Moran's I =0.103, Z=1.769, P=0.049), and the strongest correlation in 2016 (Moran's I=0.328, Z=4.979, P=0.001). Spatiotemporal scanning analysis showed that there was spatial aggregation of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2019, with a total of three aggregation areas identified. Among them, the mostly aggregation area was concentrated in Xiangshan county of Ningbo city, which covered 10 counties (cities and districts), including Ninghai county and Yinzhou district, and appeared from January 1 to June 30, 2012. Conclusion: The incidence level of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province shows a stable fluctuation trend from 2010 to 2019, and the seasonal regularity is not obvious. The population group aged 50-59 years old is the key population. There is spatial aggregation in the epidemic situation of hepatitis A. Targeted prevention and control measures of hepatitis A should be done based on the law of spatiotemporal aggregation and local incidence.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Cluster Analysis , Hepatitis A/epidemiology , Incidence , Spatial Analysis
13.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 320-328, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs on bleeding and cardio-cerebral vascular events in perioperative period of catherization for peritoneal dialysis.Methods:The clinical data of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis catheterization in Peking University Third Hospital from July 1, 2010 to December 31, 2020 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into drugs discontinuation group and drugs continuation group according to whether the anticoagulant drugs or antiplatelet drugs were discontinued or not. Baseline clinical data and bleeding and cardio-cerebral events after surgery were compared between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors for bleeding and cardio-cerebral events.Results:A total of 57 patients were included in the study, with 34 males and 23 females. The age was (67.37±13.93) years old (range from 27 to 97 years old). There were 37 patients in drugs discontinuation group and 20 patients in drugs continuation group. The proportions of acute myocardial infarction events in drugs continuation group were higher than those in drugs discontinuation group in 3 months and 6 months before surgery (10/20 vs 3/37, χ2=10.671, P=0.001; 11/20 vs 3/37, χ2=12.980, P<0.001 respectively). The median drugs discontinuation time was 5.0(2.0, 14.0) d (range from 1 to 30 d) before surgery, and median restore medication time was 4.0(3.0, 7.0) d (range from 1 to 14 d) after surgery in drugs discontinuation group. There was no significant difference in the proportion of bleeding (10/37 vs 8/20, χ2=1.011, P=0.315) and cardio-cerebral events (4/37 vs 0/20, χ2=0.964, P=0.326) between drugs discontinuation group and drugs continuation group within 2 weeks after surgery. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that drugs discontinuation before surgery was not an independent influencing factor for bleeding events ( OR=0.656, 95% CI 0.195-2.206, P=0.496), however combination of aspirin and clopidogrel before surgery was an independent influencing factor for bleeding events ( OR=4.038, 95% CI 1.044-15.626, P=0.043). All cardio-cerebral events (4 cases) happened in drugs discontinuation group, and myocardial angina in 6 months before surgery ( OR=9.764, 95% CI 0.928-102.682, P=0.058) and increased serum calcium concentration ( OR=1.491, 95% CI 0.976-2.278, P=0.065) were related with an elevated trend for cardio-cerebral events. Conclusions:Whether anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs are discontinued before catherization surgery for peritoneal dialysis is not an independent influencing factor for bleeding events after surgery. The risk of postoperative bleeding in patients using combination of aspirin and clopidogrel should be paid attention. Myocardial angina in 6 months before surgery and higher serum calcium are related with an elevated trend for cardio-cerebral events after drugs discontinuation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 274-282, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940510

ABSTRACT

Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) is a systemic disease characterized by increased bone fragility caused by insufficient estrogen secretion in women after menopause,resulting in decreased bone mass and damage to the microstructure of bone tissues. The main clinical manifestations are low back pain,osteoporotic fractures,spinal deformities,and multiple organ dysfunction. PMOP directly leads to high morbidity, high mortality, and a decline in the quality of life. In addition to miss diagnosis, it is often not treated in time. In recent years, significant progress has been made in the research on factors related to the pathogenesis of PMOP. Based on the previous findings in recent years,this article described three major pathogenesis of PMOP, including intestinal flora imbalance,oxidative stress,and abnormal differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs), and analyzed the current status of PMOP treatment, such as syndrome differentiation and treatment,acupuncture and moxibustion,exercise therapy, and external treatment in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and basic measures,drug intervention,and physical therapy in western medicine. Among them,drug intervention in western medicine treatment is generally divided into bone resorption inhibitors,bone formation promoters,and other mechanism drugs according to the mechanism of action. This article summarized the specific methods and effects or mechanisms of TCM and western medicine in the clinical treatment of PMOP,which is expected to provide a reference for formulating reasonable health management models and drug treatments in the future.

15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 683-686, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976105

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To analyze the difference in computed tomography (CT) imaging findings between pulmonary alveolar pneumoconiosis Methods proteinosis (PAP) and occupational pneumoconiosis (hereinafter referred to as ). A total of 44 patients with PAP (PAP group) and 44 patients with pneumoconiosis (pneumoconiosis group) were selected as study subjects using Results convenient sampling method. The CT images of these two groups were comparatively analyzed. The detection rates of - - pulmonary CT pattern changes such as map like performance, ground glass opacity, paving stone sign and sphenoid wing like vs vs changes of pulmonary hilum in the PAP group were higher than those in the pneumoconiosis group (77.3% 0.0%, 75.0% vs vs P 2.3%, 56.8% 0.0%, 18.2% 0.0%, all <0.01); the detection rates of lymphadenopathy and calcification of pulmonary hilum, small pulmonary nodules, emphysema and interlobular septal thickening were lower in the PAP group than those in the vs vs vs vs P Conclusion pneumoconiosis group (34.1% 100.0%, 4.5% 100.0%, 2.3% 45.4%, 0.0% 22.7%, all <0.01). Paving - stone sign and map like performance were most commonly found in the CT imaging of patients with PAP, and it is uncommon in pneumoconiosis. These changes could be used as the CT differential diagnosis of the two diseases.

16.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 683-686, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976103

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To analyze the difference in computed tomography (CT) imaging findings between pulmonary alveolar pneumoconiosis Methods proteinosis (PAP) and occupational pneumoconiosis (hereinafter referred to as ). A total of 44 patients with PAP (PAP group) and 44 patients with pneumoconiosis (pneumoconiosis group) were selected as study subjects using Results convenient sampling method. The CT images of these two groups were comparatively analyzed. The detection rates of - - pulmonary CT pattern changes such as map like performance, ground glass opacity, paving stone sign and sphenoid wing like vs vs changes of pulmonary hilum in the PAP group were higher than those in the pneumoconiosis group (77.3% 0.0%, 75.0% vs vs P 2.3%, 56.8% 0.0%, 18.2% 0.0%, all <0.01); the detection rates of lymphadenopathy and calcification of pulmonary hilum, small pulmonary nodules, emphysema and interlobular septal thickening were lower in the PAP group than those in the vs vs vs vs P Conclusion pneumoconiosis group (34.1% 100.0%, 4.5% 100.0%, 2.3% 45.4%, 0.0% 22.7%, all <0.01). Paving - stone sign and map like performance were most commonly found in the CT imaging of patients with PAP, and it is uncommon in pneumoconiosis. These changes could be used as the CT differential diagnosis of the two diseases.

17.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 683-686, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976101

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To analyze the difference in computed tomography (CT) imaging findings between pulmonary alveolar pneumoconiosis Methods proteinosis (PAP) and occupational pneumoconiosis (hereinafter referred to as ). A total of 44 patients with PAP (PAP group) and 44 patients with pneumoconiosis (pneumoconiosis group) were selected as study subjects using Results convenient sampling method. The CT images of these two groups were comparatively analyzed. The detection rates of - - pulmonary CT pattern changes such as map like performance, ground glass opacity, paving stone sign and sphenoid wing like vs vs changes of pulmonary hilum in the PAP group were higher than those in the pneumoconiosis group (77.3% 0.0%, 75.0% vs vs P 2.3%, 56.8% 0.0%, 18.2% 0.0%, all <0.01); the detection rates of lymphadenopathy and calcification of pulmonary hilum, small pulmonary nodules, emphysema and interlobular septal thickening were lower in the PAP group than those in the vs vs vs vs P Conclusion pneumoconiosis group (34.1% 100.0%, 4.5% 100.0%, 2.3% 45.4%, 0.0% 22.7%, all <0.01). Paving - stone sign and map like performance were most commonly found in the CT imaging of patients with PAP, and it is uncommon in pneumoconiosis. These changes could be used as the CT differential diagnosis of the two diseases.

18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 260-264, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of machine learning methods for predicting in-hospital mortality in trauma patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods:A retrospective non-intervention case-control study was performed. Trauma patients with ARDS met the Berlin definition were extracted from the the Medical Information Mart for Intensive CareⅢ (MIMICⅢ) database. The basic information [including gender, age, body mass index (BMI), pH, oxygenation index, laboratory indexes, length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU), the proportion of mechanical ventilation (MV) or continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), acute physiology scoreⅢ(APSⅢ), sequential organ failure score (SOFA) and simplified acute physiology scoreⅡ(SAPSⅡ)], complications (including hypertension, diabetes, infection, acute hemorrhagic anemia, sepsis, shock, acidosis and pneumonia) and prognosis data of patients were collected. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen meaningful variables ( P < 0.05). Logistic regression model, XGBoost model and artificial neural network model were constructed, and the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) was performed to evaluate the predictive value of the three models for in-hospital mortality in trauma patients with ARDS. Results:A total of 760 trauma patients with ARDS were enrolled, including 346 mild cases, 301 moderate cases and 113 severe cases; 618 cases survived and 142 cases died in hospital; 736 cases received MV and 65 cases received CRRT. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis screened out significant variables, including age [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.035, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.020-1.050, P < 0.001], BMI ( OR = 0.949, 95% CI was 0.917-0.983, P = 0.003), blood urea nitrogen (BUN; OR = 1.019, 95% CI was 1.004-1.033, P = 0.010), lactic acid (Lac; OR = 1.213, 95% CI was 1.124-1.309, P < 0.001), red cell volume distribution width (RDW; OR = 1.249, 95% CI was 1.102-1.416, P < 0.001), hematocrit (HCT, OR = 1.057, 95% CI was 1.019-1.097, P = 0.003), hypertension ( OR = 0.614, 95% CI was 0.389-0.968, P = 0.036), infection ( OR = 0.463, 95% CI was 0.289-0.741, P = 0.001), acute renal failure ( OR = 2.021, 95% CI was 1.267-3.224, P = 0.003) and sepsis ( OR = 2.105, 95% CI was 1.265-3.502, P = 0.004). All the above variables were used to construct the model. Logistic regression model, XGBoost model and artificial neural network model predicted in-hospital mortality with area under the curve (AUC) of 0.737 (95% CI was 0.659-0.815), 0.745 (95% CI was 0.672-0.819) and 0.757 (95% CI was 0.680-0.884), respectively. There was no significant difference between any two models (all P > 0.05). Conclusion:Logistic regression model, XGBoost model and artificial neural network model including age, BMI, BUN, Lac, RDW, HCT, hypertension, infection, acute renal failure and sepsis have good predictive value for in-hospital mortality of trauma patients with ARDS.

19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 133-137, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931837

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (P ETCO 2) combined with passive leg raising test (PLR) in predicting volume responsiveness in patients with septic shock. Methods:A total of 43 patients with septic shock admitted to the second department of critical care medicine, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from December 2019 to June 2021 were selected as the research subjects. P ETCO 2, cardiac index (CI), stroke volume variation (SVV), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and other hemodynamic indexes were monitored before and after PLR and volume stress test (VE). Subjects were grouped according to the CI variation rate (ΔCI) after VE test. Patients with ΔCI ≥ 15% were the responding group, and patients with ΔCI < 15% were the non-responding group. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to analyze the evaluation value of the change in P ETCO 2 after PLR on the evaluation value of fluid responsiveness. Results:Among the 43 patients, 22 cases were in the responding group, accounting for 51.2%; 21 cases were in the non-responding group, accounting for 48.8%. After the PLR test, the change values of MAP, SVV, CI and P ETCO 2 in the responding group were higher than those in the non-responding group, and the differences were statistically significant [MAP (mmHg): 3.8±2.1 vs. 1.4±2.0, SVV (%): -5.3±2.5 vs. 2.7±2.0, CI (mL·s -1·m -2): 0.48±0.13 vs. 0.14±0.18, P ETCO 2 (mmHg): 3.4±1.8 vs. 1.1±1.0, all P < 0.05, 1 mmHg≈0.133 kPa]. After the VE test, the changes of HR, MAP, SVV, CI and P ETCO 2 in the responding group were higher than those in the non-responding group [HR (times/min): -8.3±2.8 vs. -2.3±3.7, MAP (mmHg): 3.8±2.4 vs. 1.2±1.7, SVV (%): -6.3±3.1 vs. -3.3±2.0, CI (mL·s -1·m -2): 0.51±0.14 vs. 0.16±0.12, P ETCO 2 (mmHg): 3.3±1.2 vs. 1.3±1.1, all P < 0.05]. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the change in P ETCO 2 before and after the PLR test (ΔP ETCO 2 PLR) for evaluating fluid responsiveness was 0.881. When the critical value was 5.9%, the sensitivity was 76.7%, the specificity was 89.5%, and the correct index was 0.68; the AUC for SVV baseline assessment of fluid responsiveness was 0.835, and when the cut-off value was 12.8%, the sensitivity was 84.6%, the specificity was 80.0%, and the correct index was 0.65. The predictive value of ΔP ETCO 2 was not lower than the SVV baseline. Conclusion:After the PLR test, the change of P ETCO 2 can be used as a non-invasive, simple, safe and reliable indicator for predicting the volume responsiveness of patients with septic shock.

20.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 893-905, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922550

ABSTRACT

Cathepsin D (CTSD), the major lysosomal aspartic protease that is widely expressed in different tissues, potentially regulates the biological behaviors of various cells. Follicular granulosa cells are responsive to the increase of ovulation number, hence indirectly influencing litter size. However, the mechanism underlying the effect of CTSD on the behaviors of goat granulosa cells has not been fully elucidated. This study used immunohistochemistry to analyze CTSD localization in goat ovarian tissues. Moreover, western blotting was applied to examine the differential expression of CTSD in the ovarian tissues of monotocous and polytocous goats. Subsequently, the effects of CTSD knockdown on cell proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle, and the expression of candidate genes of the prolific traits, including bone morphogenetic protein receptor IB (

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