Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 706
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941015

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a culture system for human nasal mucosal organoids with controllable differentiation to reproduce the structure and function of the source tissue through staged expansion-differentiation culture.@*METHODS@#Fresh samples of surgically resected middle turbinate and nasal polyp tissues were collected, from which the nasal mucosa epithelial cells were isolated by enzymatic digestion and filtration for continuous culture at the air-liquid interface for expansion (EO group) or staged culture for expansion and differentiation (DO group). Immunohistochemical staining was used to characterize the structure, cellular composition and ciliary function of nasal mucosal organoids in the two groups. The secretion function of the differentiated nasal mucosal organoids in DO group was evaluated using PAS staining.@*RESULTS@#Both of the two organoid culture systems yielded vacuolar or solid spherical 3D organoids, and their diameters increased progressively with time. On day 16 of culture, more vacuolar organoids occurred in DO group, while more solid spherical organoids were seen in EO group, and the proportion of vacuoles was significantly greater in DO group than in EO group [(54.67±13.26)% vs (21.67±8.57)%, P < 0.05]. Short tandem repeat (STR) test of the nasal mucosal organoids and the source tissue showed a 100% match between them. On day 21 of culture, scanning and transmission electron microscopy of the nasal mucosal organoids identified ultrastructure of cilia in DO group and short villi structure in most of the organoids in EO group. Immunohistochemical staining showed positivity for P63 (basal cells), β-tubulin (ciliated columnar cells), and MUC5AC (goblet cells) in the organoids. Compared with those in EO group, the organoids in DO group showed significantly greater percentages of ciliated cells [(7.95±1.81)% vs (27.04±5.91)%, P < 0.05] and goblet cells [(14.46±0.93)% vs (39.85±5.43)%, P < 0.05) with a similar percentage of basal cells [(56.91±14.12)% vs (53.42±15.77)%, P > 0.05]. The differentiated nasal mucosal organoids in DO group were positively stained for glycogen.@*CONCLUSION@#The staged expansion-differentiation culture method allows more stable and prolonged growth of the cultured cells in vitro to produce organoids with controllable differentiation closely resembling the morphological structure and functions (ciliary function and secretory function) of the source tissue.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Nasal Mucosa , Organoids
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940982

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between sleep habits (sleep duration, sleep efficiency, sleep onset timing) and ischemic stroke, and whether there is an interaction between sleep habits and ischemic stroke susceptibility gene loci.@*METHODS@#A questionnaire survey, physical examination, blood biochemical testing and genotyping were conducted among rural residents in Beijing, and the gene loci of ischemic stroke suggested by previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were screened. Multivariable generalized linear model was used to analyze the correlation between sleep habits, sleep-gene interaction and ischemic stroke.@*RESULTS@#A total of 4 648 subjects with an average age of (58.5±8.7) years were enrolled, including 1 316 patients with ischemic stroke. Compared with non-stroke patients, stroke patients with sleep duration ≥9 hours, sleep efficiency < 80%, and sleep onset timing earlier than 22:00 accounted for a higher proportion (P < 0.05). There was no significant association between sleep duration and risk of ischemic stroke (OR=1.04, 95%CI: 0.99-1.10, P=0.085). Sleep efficiency was inversely associated with the risk of ischemic stroke (OR=0.18, 95%CI: 0.06-0.53, P=0.002). The risk of ischemic stroke in the subjects with sleep efficiency < 80% was 1.47-fold (95%CI: 1.03-2.10, P=0.033) of that in the subjects with sleep efficiency ≥80%. Falling asleep earlier than 22:00 was associated with 1.26 times greater risk of stroke than falling asleep between 22:00 and 22:59 (95%CI: 1.04-1.52, P=0.017). Multifactorial adjustment model showed that rs579459 on ABO gene had an interaction with sleep time (P for interaction =0.040). When there were two T alleles for rs579459 on the ABO gene, those who fell asleep before 22:00 had 1.56 times (95%CI: 1.20-2.04, P=0.001) the risk of stroke compared with those who fell asleep between 22:00 and 22:59, and there was no significant difference when the number of pathogenic alleles was 0 or 1. In the model adjusted only for gender, age and family structure, sleep duration and the number of T allele rs2634074 on PITX2 gene had an interaction with ischemic stroke (P for interaction=0.033).@*CONCLUSION@#Decreased sleep efficiency is associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke, and falling asleep earlier than 22:00 is associated with higher risk of ischemic stroke. Sleep onset timing interacted with rs579459 in ABO gene and the risk of ischemic stroke. Sleep duration and PITX2 rs2634074 may have a potential interaction with ischemic stroke risk.


Subject(s)
Aged , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Middle Aged , Sleep/genetics , Stroke/genetics , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940527

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveA feedforward control model for dry granulation of polysaccharide components was established to guide the adjustment and optimization of critical process parameters (CPPs) in the design space, so as to reduce the impact of fluctuations in raw materials properties on the quality of medicines. MethodTaking Astragali Radix extract powder as the model drug, the design space of dry granulation CPPs was determined by Box-Behnken design. Astragali Radix mixed powder with different powder properties were prepared by mixture design, the variance inflation factor (VIF) was used to diagnose the multicollinearity of the powder properties, and principal component analysis (PCA) was used to extract the characteristic data of the model. Radial basis function neural network (RBFNN) was used to establish a feedforward control model for reflecting the relationship between the powder properties of polysaccharide components, dry granulation CPPs and one-time molding rate. ResultThe design space for dry granulation CPPs of polysaccharide components was 16-35 Hz for feeding speed, 10-23 Hz for roller speed, and 10-46 kg·cm-2 for roller pressure. The established RBFNN feedforward control model had a good predictive effect on the one-time molding rate of dry granulation of polysaccharide components, which could be used to guide the adjustment and optimization of CPPs in the design space, the relative error was 0.38%-6.73%, and the average relative error was 3.42%. ConclusionThe established feedforward control model can well reflect the relationship between the powder properties of the polysaccharide components, the dry granulation CPPs and the one-time molding rate of the granules, which can be used to guide the adjustment and optimization of CPPs in the design space, reduce the impact of material property fluctuation on product quality, and provide ideas for promoting the quality of traditional Chinese medicine from passive control to active control.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940520

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of asiaticoside (AC) on the expression of T helper 17 (Th17) cells and regulatory T (Treg) cells in DBA/1 mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). MethodMale SPF DBA/1 mice were randomized into six groups according to body weight: control group, CIA group, methotrexate group (MTX group, ip, 0.5 mg·kg-1), and AC low-, medium-, and high-dose groups (ig, 5, 15, 45 mg·kg-1, respectively). Modeling was performed in rats other than the control group. To be specific, they were immunized with bovine type Ⅱ collagen and complete Freund's adjuvant on the first day and with bovine type Ⅱ collagen and incomplete Freund's adjuvant on the 21st day. Administration began on the day of the second immunization, once a day for 28 days. On the 49th day, related tissues were collected. Then, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe the pathological changes of the joints. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression of interleukin-17 (IL-17) and forkhead box protein-3 (FoxP3), the markers of Th17 and Treg cells, respectively, immunofluorescence double staining the expression of IL-17 and FoxP3 in CD4+T cells of mouse joint tissue, and flow cytometry the proportions of Th17 and Treg cells in mouse lymph nodes. ResultCompared with the control group, CIA group demonstrated joint disorder, damage of articular cartilage and bone, severe bone erosion (P<0.01), increase in stained CD4 and IL-17 and the integral absorbance (IA) (P<0.01), decrease in stained FoxP3 and the IA (P<0.01), rise of Th17/Treg ratio (P<0.01), elevation of Th17 expression in mouse lymph nodes (P<0.01), and reduction in Treg expression (P<0.01). Compared with CIA group, MTX group and three AC groups showed normal joints, alleviated bone erosion and damage, intact and smooth joint surface, and decrease in stained IL-17 and IA (P<0.05, P<0.01), and MTX group and AC medium-dose and high-dose groups registered decrease in stained CD4 and IA (P<0.01) and reduction in Th17/Treg ratio (P<0.05, P<0.01). Moreover, AC medium-dose and high-dose groups showed rise in stained FoxP3 and IA (P<0.05, P<0.01). In the lymph nodes of mice, decrease in expression of Th17 cells (P<0.05, P<0.01) and the increase in expression of Treg cells (P<0.05, P<0.01) were observed in all the three AC group. ConclusionAC can regulate Th17/Treg balance by inhibiting the expression of Th17 cells and promoting the expression of Treg cells in CIA mice.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935299

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the characteristics and change trend of Guangzhou citizens' demands related to vaccination through government hotlines 12345 and 12320 from 2018 to 2020. It understood the hotspots and needs of the public for vaccination work, analyzed the problems existing in vaccination work, and provided reference and suggestions for health departments to improve vaccination services and formulate relevant policies: to timely improve the professional ability and knowledge reserve of hotline personnel; to strengthen the construction of vaccination service system;to optimize the appointment vaccination service application; to scientifically purchase HPV vaccine and ensure the production and supply of vaccine.


Subject(s)
Government , Hotlines , Humans , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Vaccination
6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 263-269, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935138

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the long-term prognosis of fulminant myocarditis (FM) and non-fulminant myocarditis (NFM) patients who survived and discharged from hospital, and to explore the factors associated with the long-term prognosis and impaired cardiac function. Methods: This study was a retrospective study. Consecutive patients with acute myocarditis hospitalized in Tongji Hospital from January 2017 to December 2020 were enrolled and divided into FM group and NFM group according to the type of myocarditis. Then, patients in the FM group were further divided into normal cardiac function group and impaired cardiac function group according the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). All patients with acute myocarditis were treated with antiviral, immunomodulatory, immunosuppressive medications and symptomatic and supportive treatment, while FM patients were treated with comprehensive treatment plan. Clinical data at admission of enrolled patients were collected through the electronic medical record system. Patients were clinically followed-up at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months, then once a year after discharge by clinical visit. The primary endpoints included major cardiovascular events, impaired cardiac function was defined by LVEF<55%. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the occurrence of LVEF<55% and left ventricular enlargement during the follow-up of patients in FM group and NFM group, and Log-rank test was used for comparison between groups. Cox regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of impaired cardiac function in patients with FM during follow-up. Results: A total of 125 patients with acute myocarditis were enrolled (66 in FM group and 59 in NFM group). Compared with NFM group, the proportion of FM patients with the lowest LVEF<55% during hospitalization was higher (P<0.01), and the recovery time of normal LVEF during hospitalization was longer (P<0.01). The proportion of LVEF<55% at discharge was similar between the two groups (P=0.071). During the follow-up of 12 (6, 24) months, 1 patient (1.5%) died due to cardiac reasons in FM group after discharge, 16 patients (24.2%) had sustained LVEF<55% after discharge, and 8 patients (12.1%) had left ventricular enlargement. In NFM group, 3 patients (5.1%) had sustained LVEF<55%, and 1 patient (1.7%) had left ventricular enlargement. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the incidence of sustained LVEF<55% in FM group was higher than that in NFM group (P=0.003), and the incidence of left ventricular enlargement was also higher than that in NFM group (P=0.024). Subgroup analysis of patients in the FM group showed that, compared with the normal cardiac function group, the time from onset to admission was shorter (P=0.011), the proportion of LVEF<55% at discharge was higher (P=0.039), the proportion of coronary angiography was higher (P=0.014), and the LVEF recovery time during hospitalization was longer (P=0.036) in FM patients with impaired cardiac function. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that longer LVEF recovery time during hospitalization was an independent risk factor for cardiac function impairment after discharge of FM patients (HR=1.199, 95%CI 1.023-1.406, P=0.025). Conclusions: The incidence of reduced LVEF is significantly higher in FM patients than that in NFM patients. Longer LVEF recovery time during hospitalization is an independent risk factor for cardiac function impairment in FM patients after discharge.


Subject(s)
Aftercare , Humans , Myocarditis , Patient Discharge , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934095

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of endoscopic ultrasonography-guided carbon nanoparticles tattooing for preoperative localization of laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer.Methods:Sixty patients diagnosed as having rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic radical resection in the 900th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force from April 2018 to April 2019 were randomly divided into the endoscopic ultrasonography-guided tattoo group (group A), the colonoscopy-guided tattoo group (group B) and the control group (group C) by random number table. The leakage rate of dye in intestinal tract, complications, and the tattooed serosa stained with carbon nanoparticles during laparoscopic surgery were recorded. Identification time of lesions, the total operation time, the length of resected rectal segment, tumor distance to distal resection margin, and the rate of anal preservation were analyzed and the postoperative pathology were compared.Results:In group A, endoscopic ultrasonography revealed 2 cases of suspected tumor extension toward the anal side within distal intestinal wall. The extension length was 0.42 cm and 0.71 cm respectively, and the extension length was 0.36 cm and 0.64 cm under microscope respectively. In group B, the pathology result showed that the extension length was 0.53 cm under microscope. In group C, the pathology result showed that the extension length were 0.43 cm, 0.36 cm and 0.28 cm under microscope respectively. Obvious black staining in the rectal serosa was found in all tattooed patients during the surgery. There were scattered black staining spots at the surface of peritoneum and mesentery in 3 cases in group B. The identification time of lesions in group A and B were shorter than that in group C (1.29 ± 0.87 min, 1.31 ± 0.63 min VS 15.3 ± 10.50 min, P<0.05). The total operation time in group A and B were shorter than that in group C (176.12 ± 27.64 min, 175.67 ± 26.48 min VS 198.65 ± 38.67 min, P<0.05). The length of resected rectal segment in group A and B were shorter than that in group C (11.81 ± 5.76 cm, 12.31 ± 3.94 cm VS 15.24 ± 4.12 cm, P<0.05). The tumor distance to distal resection margin in group A and B were shorter than that in group C (3.61 ± 1.26 cm, 4.57 ± 1.58 cm VS 6.13 ± 2.47 cm, P<0.05). Anal preservation rates of three groups were 65.0% (13/20), 60.0% (12/20), 40.0% (8/20) respectively with no significant difference ( P>0.05). No residual tumor cells were found in any specimens. Conclusion:Carbon nanoparticles tattooing guided by endoscopic ultrasonography could reduce unnecessary intestinal segment incision and shorten the operation time. It can also reveal tumor extension toward the anal side within intestinal wall, which provides more accurate localization for the distal incision of the lower rectal cancer.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934079

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the performance, efficacy and safety of a novel portable endoscopy system for upper gastrointestinal examination.Methods:A multicentered, open-label, randomized, non-inferiority controlled study was conducted in 3 clinical research centers from June 2019 to June 2020, and a total of 90 outpatients admitted to Department of Gastroenterology were randomly assigned to the trial group ( n=44) undergoing portable endoscopy and the control group ( n=46) undergoing Olympus endoscopy. The examination success rate, image quality, performance, overall operation satisfaction rate, biopsy success rate and adverse events of the two groups were compared. Results:The examination success rates of the trial group and the control group were 97.73% (43/44) and 100.00% (46/46) respectively with a difference of -2.27% (95% CI: -6.68%-2.13%), higher than the set non-inferiority margin of -10%. Rates of good and excellent image quality were 100% in both groups, and the difference of 0 was higher than the set non-inferiority margin of -10%. There was no significant difference in the rate of good and excellent performance of the operating system between the two groups [97.67% (42/43) VS 100.00% (46/46), P=0.483]. There was significant difference in the overall satisfactory rate of the operation between the two groups [86.05% (37/43) VS 100.00% (46/46), P=0.011]. A total of 9 cases underwent endoscopic biopsy, including 5 cases in the trial group and 4 cases in the control group. The biopsy channels in both groups were smooth and the biopsy were successfully completed. There was no significant difference in adverse event rate between the two groups [25.00% (11/44) VS 10.87%(5/46), χ2=3.07, P=0.080]. All adverse events disappeared in 48 hours, and no severe adverse events or device defect events occurred. Conclusion:The novel portable endoscopic system is comparable to Olympus endoscopic system in terms of the operating performance, the image quality and safety. Therefore, this system is safe and effective for upper gastrointestinal examination.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen and identify H-2 d-restricted T cell epitopes in fusion (F) and attachment (G) glycoproteins of Nipah virus (NiV) in mice. Methods:The complete peptides (single peptide contains 15 amino acids, and 10 amino acids were repeated in the front and back peptides) derived from F and G antigens were mixed into peptide libraries. BALB/c mice were immunized with DNA vaccines expressing NiV F and G proteins alone and in combination. The full sequence peptide libraries of F and G antigens were mixed into peptide pools by matrix design, and spleen cells of immunized mice were collected and analyzed by IFN-γ ELISPOT assay to detect the dominant H-2 d-restricted epitope peptides. Results:Twelve dominant H-2 d-restricted peptides were screened from the F protein-specific peptide library and the 56th peptide produced the strongest reaction. Four dominant peptides were screened from the G protein-specific peptide library and the 72nd peptide produced the strongest reaction. Conclusions:In this study, 12 F antigen-specific and 4 G antigen-specific H-2 d restricted dominant T cell epitopes of NiV were screened and identified by IFN-γ ELISPOT, which could provide reference for immunological analysis of NiV and vaccine research.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 411-416, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933096

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of laboratory test results and multimorbidities in elderly patients with rheumatoid arthritis(RA)and thus to provide a basis for the treatment of RA in the elderly.Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on RA patients admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from March 2018 to December 2020.Patients were divided into an elderly RA(ERA)group(≥60 years)and a non-elderly RA(NERA)group(<60 years).The prevalences of multimorbidities and laboratory results were compared between the two groups, and influencing factors of multimorbidities in ERA patients were analyzed by using binary Logistic regression.Results:There were 215 patients in this cohort, of whom 156 patients were in the ERA group and 59 patients were in the NERA group.The prevalences of comorbid hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease(CHD)and interstitial lung disease in the ERA group were higher than those in the NERA group( χ2=19.890, 6.977, 5.964, 7.484, all P<0.05).The disease duration in the ERA group was longer than that in the NERA group[117.5(36.0, 240.0)months vs.72.0(10.5, 123.5)months, Z=3.142, P=0.002], and the levels of serum C-reactive protein(CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), urea, creatinine and cystatin C were higher than those in NERA group[9.7(3.2, 24.8)mg/L vs.3.1(3.0, 8.3)mg/L, 31.0(13.0, 53.3)mm/h vs.17.0(11.0, 31.5)mm/h, (5.38±1.54)mmol/L vs.(4.75±1.46)mmol/L, (63.82±15.33)μmol/L vs.(57.31±11.38)μmol/L, (1.23±0.42)mg/L vs.(0.90±0.23)mg/L]( Z=4.275, 2.770, t=2.714, 2.966, 5.714, all P<0.05).The levels of serum magnesium, albumin and hemoglobin were lower than those in the NERA group[(0.84±0.08)mmol/L vs.(0.86±0.06)mmol/L, (37.46±5.32)g/L vs.(40.77±4.95)g/L, (114.52±18.06)g/L vs.(124.32±16.40)g/L]( t=2.653, 4.147, 3.648, all P<0.05).Correlation analysis showed that the level of serum CRP in the ERA group was negatively correlated with serum albumin and magnesium( r=-0.449, -0.329, all P<0.05).Uric acid was positively correlated with rheumatoid factor(RF), cystatin C, urea, age and disease duration( r=0.259, 0.416, 0.210, 0.232, 0.179, all P<0.05), but negatively correlated with hemoglobin and magnesium( r=-0.262, -0.207, all P<0.05).RF was positively correlated with uric acid, urea, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, the 28-joint Disease Activity Score(DAS28 score), age and disease duration( r=0.259, 0.177, 0.205, 0.234, 0.248, 0.225, 0.211, all P<0.05), but negatively correlated with albumin and hemoglobin( r=-0.301, -0.182, all P<0.05).Serum magnesium was negatively correlated with CRP, ESR, urea, uric acid and cystatin C( r=-0.273, -0.192, -0.175, -0.207, -0.315, all P<0.05).These correlations were not found in the NERA group.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that factors affecting hypertension in ERA patients were age, RF and albumin.Influencing factors of CHD were age, disease duration, serum magnesium and triglycerides.Factors that affect interstitial lung disease were RF, DAS28 score and albumin. Conclusions:Compared with NERA patients, ERA patients show an elevated level of systemic inflammation and poorer nutrition assessed by relevant parameters.CRP, RF and uric acid have complex correlations with serum magnesium, hemoglobin, and albumin.ERA patients have higher prevalences of multimorbidities.Age, disease duration, RF, triglycerides, DAS28 score, serum magnesium and albumin affect the occurrence of multimorbidities in ERA patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the biomechanical parameters of Ortho-Bridge system (OBS) and locking compression plate+locking attachment plate (LCP+LAP) in the fixation of femoral periprosthetic type B1 fracture.Methods:The same periprosthetic type B1 fracture of human femur were made, including simple fracture model and comminuted fracture model, 12 in each. And the simple fracture models were randomly divided into 6 pieces of OBS system fixation group and 6 pieces of LCP+LAP system fixation group, and the complex fracture models were also randomly divided into 6 pieces of OBS system fixation group and 6 pieces of LCP + LAP system fixation group. Then the four groups of models were tested by axial compression and torsion tests, and the stiffness of the models under axial compression and torsion angle of the models under torsion test were collected. The axial compression failure test was carried out to collect the vertical load of the ultimate failure test. The axial stiffness, torsion angle and axial failure load of OBS and LCP+LAP fixed simple and comminuted fractures were statistically analyzed by t test. Results:For the test of fixed simple fracture, there was no significant difference ( t=0.535, P=0.522) in the axial stiffness between the OBS group (868.87±157.14 N) and the LCP+LAP group (904.53±44.76 N), whereas the results of torsion test showed that the LCP+LAP group had a higher torsion angle 7.17°±0.52° than the OBS group 5.45°±0.44° ( t=5.616, P<0.001); When fixing comminuted fractures, the OBS group had a higher axial stiffness (145.33±10.34 N) than the LCP+LAP group (84.15±8.94 N) ( t=10.961, P<0.001), but the LCP+LAP group had a higher torsion angle 7.75°±1.17° than the OBS group 5.23°±0.31° ( t=4.652, P=0.001). Ultimate failure test data showed that the failure pressure of OBS fixed group (4 967.49±132.88 N) was higher than LCP+LAP group (3 967.41±145.16 N) ( t=12.447, P<0.001). In the LCP+LAP group, there was destruction of the contact cortex at the fracture site, while in the OBS group, there was destruction of the contact cortex at the fracture site as well as fractures around the proximal fixation screw. Conclusion:OBS group has similar axial compression resistance to LCP+LAP group, but better torsion resistance than LCP+LAP group when it is used to fix B1 simple fracture around femoral prosthesis. When comminuted fracture is fixed, the axial compression resistance and torsion resistance of OBS group are better than LCP+LAP group. The stress is dispersed during OBS fixation, which can better avoid the failure of internal fixation during early functional exercise.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929575

ABSTRACT

Influenza is an infectious respiratory disease caused by the influenza viruses. Older people, infants and people with underlying medical conditions could have a higher risk of severe influenza symptoms and complications. The co-infection of Coronavirus Diseases 2019 (COVID-19) with influenza viruses could lead to the complication of prevention, diagnosis, control, treatment, and recovery of COVID-19. Influenza vaccine and COVID-19 vaccine overlapped in target populations, vaccination time, and inoculation units. Although there was insufficient evidence on the immunogenicity and safety of co-administration of influenza vaccine and COVID-19 vaccine, World Health Organization and some countries recommended co-administration of inactivated influenza vaccine and COVID-19 vaccine. This review summarized domestic and international vaccination policies and research progress, and put forward corresponding suggestions in order to provide scientific support for the formulation of vaccination strategy on seasonal influenza vaccine and COVID-19 vaccine.


Subject(s)
Aged , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , China , Humans , Infant , Influenza Vaccines , Influenza, Human/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Seasons , Vaccination
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 209-214, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929559

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to see how different initial treatment regimens affected the long-term prognosis of patients with extranodal marginal zone mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma confining to the ocular adnexal (OAML) . Methods: Between April 2008 and April 2019, 109 patients with initial mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue confining to ocular adnexal were evaluated and followed-up, and the prognosis of various initial treatment regimens were examined. Results: A total of 36 patients underwent complete surgical resection of the lesions, and 73 patients had residual lesions after surgery, of which 37 patients chose watchful waiting, and 36 patients chose treatment. The treatment regimen included local radiotherapy and systemic treatment (chemotherapy, immunochemotherapy, the combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, etc.) , and no serious toxic and side effects were observed in patients receiving systemic treatment. The median follow-up time was 61 (10-142) months. The 5-year and 10-year progression-free survival (PFS) of monocular involvement patients were 78.2% and 76.0% . The 5-year and 10-year PFS rates of patients with binocular involvement were 64.4% and 23.5%. There was significant diference in PFS between patients with monocular and binocular involvement (P=0.010) . Patients who received additional treatment had higher PFS than those patients in the watchful waiting group (P=0.046) . The 5-year PFS was 71.4% and 90.1% among patients in the watchful waiting group and those who received additional treatment, whereas the 10-year PFS was 63.5% and 75.1% , respectively. Patients with OAML were still a risk of disease progression after 5 years. Conclusions: Patients with binocular involvement OAML at the start of the disease had a poor prognosis, but treatment could reduce the risk of recurrence/progression. Systemic therapy is one of the first-line treatment options for patients with OAML, who require long-term monitoring.


Subject(s)
Eye Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Humans , Lymphoid Tissue/pathology , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 25-38, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929194

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases account for approximately 80% of deaths among individuals with diabetes mellitus, with diabetic cardiomyopathy as the major diabetic cardiovascular complication. Hyperglycemia is a symptom that abnormally activates multiple downstream pathways and contributes to cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, apoptosis, and other pathophysiological changes. Although glycemic control has long been at the center of diabetes therapy, multicenter randomized clinical studies have revealed that intensive glycemic control fails to reduce heart failure-associated hospitalization and mortality in patients with diabetes. This finding indicates that hyperglycemic stress persists in the cardiovascular system of patients with diabetes even if blood glucose level is tightly controlled to the normal level. This process is now referred to as hyperglycemic memory (HGM) phenomenon. We briefly reviewed herein the current advances that have been achieved in research on the underlying mechanisms of HGM in diabetic cardiomyopathy.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Cardiomyopathies/etiology , Humans , Hyperglycemia/metabolism , Multicenter Studies as Topic
15.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 295-305, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929184

ABSTRACT

The association among plasma trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), FMO3 polymorphisms, and chronic heart failure (CHF) remains to be elucidated. TMAO is a microbiota-dependent metabolite from dietary choline and carnitine. A prospective study was performed including 955 consecutively diagnosed CHF patients with reduced ejection fraction, with the longest follow-up of 7 years. The concentrations of plasma TMAO and its precursors, namely, choline and carnitine, were determined by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, and the FMO3 E158K polymorphisms (rs2266782) were genotyped. The top tertile of plasma TMAO was associated with a significant increment in hazard ratio (HR) for the composite outcome of cardiovascular death or heart transplantation (HR = 1.47, 95% CI = 1.13-1.91, P = 0.004) compared with the lowest tertile. After adjustments of the potential confounders, higher TMAO could still be used to predict the risk of the primary endpoint (adjusted HR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.01-1.74, P = 0.039). This result was also obtained after further adjustment for carnitine (adjusted HR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.01-1.74, P = 0.039). The FMO3 rs2266782 polymorphism was associated with the plasma TMAO concentrations in our cohort, and lower TMAO levels were found in the AA-genotype. Thus, higher plasma TMAO levels indicated increased risk of the composite outcome of cardiovascular death or heart transplantation independent of potential confounders, and the FMO3 AA-genotype in rs2266782 was related to lower plasma TMAO levels.


Subject(s)
Carnitine , Choline/metabolism , Chronic Disease , Heart Failure/genetics , Humans , Methylamines , Oxygenases , Prospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928712

ABSTRACT

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a thrombotic microangiopathy, in which a severe deficiency of von Willebrand factor lyase results in thrombocytopenic clots that block blood vessels and eventually lead to terminal organ failure. Therapeutic plasma exchange is the cornerstone of TTP treatment which can greatly improves the survival rate of the patients. With the further exploration to the pathophysiological mechanism of TTP, other alternative therapies, new immunosuppressive agents, targeted antagonists, gene therapy and other emerging means gradually emerge, which are expected to further reduce the mortality and recurrence rate of the patients. In this review, the new developments in TTP treatment were summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
ADAMTS13 Protein , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Plasma Exchange , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic/therapy , von Willebrand Factor
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928365

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report on a case with severe hemophilia A (HA) due to a large duplication of F8 gene.@*METHODS@#Inversion detection, Sanger sequencing, and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) were used to detect the mutation in the proband and his mother.@*RESULTS@#The patient, a 7-year-old boy, was diagnosed with severe HA at 8 months. No inhibitor was developed over 150 exposure days. Intronic inversion detection and Sanger sequencing have failed to identify pathogenic variants, while MLPA revealed a large duplication [Ex 1_22 dup (2 copies)] in the proband, for which his mother was a carrier [Ex 1_22 dup (3 copies)]. Large duplications of the F8 gene have so far been found in 24 HA patients, all of whom had a severe phenotype, only one had a history of inhibitors.@*CONCLUSION@#Large duplications of F8 gene are associated with severe HA. The diagnostic rate for HA may be increased by MLPA.


Subject(s)
Child , Factor VIII/genetics , Gene Duplication , Hemophilia A/genetics , Humans , Introns , Male , Mutation , Phenotype
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927920

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the effect of extract of Poria cocos polysaccharides(PCP) on cytochrome P450 2 E1(CYP2 E1) and nuclear factor κB(NF-κB) inflammatory signaling pathways in alcoholic liver disease(ALD) mice and explored its protective effect and mechanism. Sixty male C57 BL/6 N mice of SPF grade were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a positive drug group(bifendate, 200 mg·kg~(-1)), and high-(200 mg·kg~(-1)) and low-dose(50 mg·kg~(-1)) PCP groups. Gao-binge mo-del was induced and the mice in each group were treated correspondingly. Liver morphological and pathological changes were observed and organ index was calculated. Serum levels of alanine aminotransferase(ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) were detected. Malondialdehyde(MDA) and superoxide dismutase(SOD) in liver tissues were detected by assay kits. The levels of interleukin-6(IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were detected by ELISA. The activation of macrophages was observed by immunofluorescence staining and protein expression of CYP2 E1, Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4), NF-κB p65, and phosphorylated NF-κB p65(p-NF-κB p65) were analyzed by Western blot. The ALD model was properly induced. Compared with the model group, the PCP groups significantly improved the pathological injury of liver tissues. Immunofluorescence staining revealed that compared with the model group, the groups with drug intervention showed decreased macrophages in liver tissues. Additionally, the PCP groups showed reduced ALT, AST, MDA, IL-6, and TNF-α(P<0.05), and potentiated activity of SOD(P<0.01). PCP extract has the protective effect against alcoholic liver injury in mice, and the underlying mechanism may be related to the regulation of the expression of CYP2 E1 and inhibition of TLR4/NF-κB inflammatory signaling pathway to reduce oxidative stress and inflammatory injury, thereby inhibiting the development of ALD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1/pharmacology , Liver , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic/pathology , Male , Mice , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Wolfiporia
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1420-1428, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924757

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to systematically analyze the antidepressant mechanism of Chaigui granules from the perspective of biological metabolic network by using integrated metabolomics and biological network analysis tools. The model of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) depression rat was established, and LC-MS-based plasma metabolomics was used to identify the key metabolites and analyze metabolic pathways underlying the antidepressant effects of Chaigui Granules. The key metabolites regulated by Chaigui granules was integrated with biological network analysis tools to further focus on the key metabolic pathways and explore the potential targets of the antidepressant effect of Chaigui granules. The results showed that there were significant differences in the plasma levels of 20 metabolites in the model group compared with the control group (P < 0.05), Chaigui granules significantly regulated 12 metabolites including docosatrienoic acid, 3-hydroxybutyric acid, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, chenodeoxycholic acid, cholic acid, L-glutamine, glycocholic acid, linoleyl carnitine, L-tyrosine, N-acetylvaline, palmitoylcarnitine, arachidonic acid. Further network analysis of the key metabolites regulated by Chaigui granules indicated that plasma arachidonic acid metabolism might be the core pathway for the antidepressant effect of Chaigui granules, with 10 proteins were potential targets for the antidepressant effect of Chaigui granules, including CYP2B6, CYP2E1, CYP2C9, CYP2C8, PLA2G6, PTGS2, ALOX15B, PTGS1, ALOX12 and ALOX5. The animal experimental operations involved in this paper was followed the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Shanxi University and passed the animal experimental ethical review (Approval No. SXULL2020028).

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 721-725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923400

ABSTRACT

@#In recent years, the application of artificial intelligence(AI)has been greatly promoted in medical care, especially in the field of image recognition which has played an irreplaceable role in the diagnosis of ophthalmic diseases. AI has made remarkable achievements in the diagnosis and treatment of anterior segment diseases such as classification of infectious keratitis, screening of keratoconus, grading of lens opacity, automatic staging of cataract surgery videos, prediction of postoperative refraction status, and the diagnosis of primary angle-closure glaucoma. It is promising that AI could help solve many clinical problems and realize early diagnosis and treatment of diseases. However, there are still some challenges such as the ambiguity of black-box process, the absence of public data sets and the complexity of algorithms. In this paper, the current studies of AI applications in anterior segment diseases have been reviewed in detail. Also, the challenges and future directions of AI in ophthalmology have been proposed.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL