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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921790

ABSTRACT

Cambodia is rich in medicinal plant resources. One hundred and thirty-three medicinal material samples, including the hole herb, root, stem/branch, leaf, flower, fruit, seed, and resin, were collected from the Orussey Herbal Market in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and then authenticated by ITS and psbA-trnH. A total of 46 samples were identified based on ITS sequences, belonging to 24 families, 40 genera, and 42 species. A total of 100 samples were identified by psbA-trnH sequences to belong to 42 families, 77 genera, and 84 species. A total of 103 samples were identified by two DNA barcodes. According to the morphological characteristics of the medicinal materials, 120 samples classified into 50 species, 86 genera, and 86 families were identified, and the majority of them were from Zingiberaceae, Fabaceae, and Acanthaceae. Such samples have been commonly used in traditional Cambodian medicine, Ayurvedic medicine, Unani medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, and ethnomedicine, but different medical systems focus on different functional aspects of the same medicinal material. The results of this study have demonstrated that DNA barcoding has a significant advantage in identifying herbal products, and this study has provided basic data for understanding the traditional medicinal materials used in Cambodia.


Subject(s)
Cambodia , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , DNA, Plant/genetics , Humans , Plant Leaves , Plants, Medicinal/genetics
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921353

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To our knowledge, no definitive conclusion has been reached regarding the relationship between glucocorticoids and hypertension. Here, we aimed to explore the characteristics of glucocorticoids in participants with dysglycemia and hypertension, and to analyze their association with blood pressure indicators.@*Methods@#The participants of this study were from the Henan Rural Cohort study. A total of 1,688 patients 18-79 years of age were included in the matched case control study after application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Statistical methods were used to analyze the association between glucocorticoids and various indices of blood pressure, through approaches such as logistic regression analysis, trend tests, linear regression, and restricted cubic regression.@*Results@#The study population consisted of 552 patients with dysglycemia and hypertension (32.7%). The patients with co-morbidities had higher levels of serum cortisol ( @*Conclusions@#Serum deoxycortisol was positively correlated with systolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, mean arterial pressure, mean blood pressure, and mean proportional arterial pressure. Glucocorticoids (deoxycortisol and cortisol) increase the risk of hypertension in people with dysglycemia, particularly in those with T2DM.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Pressure , Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Glucocorticoids/blood , Glycemic Load , Humans , Hydrocortisone/blood , Hypertension/etiology , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Rural Population , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826634

ABSTRACT

The rule and characteristics of clinical acupoint selection were explored in treatment of puerperal insufficient lactation with acupuncture and moxibustion. The clinical articles on the treatment of puerperal insufficient lactation with acupuncture and moxibustion were retrieved from the databases of CNKI, VIP and Wanfang from the date of establishment to June 1, 2019. The articles were screened in accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The prescriptions of acupuncture and moxibustion were extracted and normalized. Using Microsoft Excel 2016 software, the use frequency, meridians involved and acupoint distributions were analyzed. Using SPSS Statistics 21.0 software, the cluster and factor analyses were conducted. Totally, 102 articles were included,108 acupoint prescriptions were extracted, 65 acupoitns were designed and the total use frequency was 654 times. The top three acupoints used in treatment of puerperal insufficient lactation were Danzhong (CV 17), Rugen (ST 18) and Shaoze (SI 1). The most frequently involved meridians were the stomach meridian, the conception vessel, the small intestine meridian and the liver meridian. The acupoints were mainly distributed in the chest and four extremities. It was showed in cluster analysis that Rugen (ST 18), Shaoze (SI 1), Zusanli (ST 36) and Danzhong (CV 17) represent 3 clusters and a total of 7 common factors were extracted. The acupoint selection is based on syndrome differentiation in treatment of puerperal insufficient lactation with acupuncture and moxibustion, of which, the local acupoints are predominated and the distal acupoints are combined.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872707

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy and safety of Qifu Huazhuo decoction in treating intermittent and chronic gout. Method:A total of 160 eligible patients with intermittent and chronic gout were divided into intervention group and control group according to treatment methods, 80 cases in each group. Qifu Huazhuo decoction combined with febuxostat was given in intervention group by oral administration, while the patients in control took febuxostat combined with sodium bicarbonate tablet. After twelve weeks of treatment in both groups, the onset frequency of gout, the degree of joint pain, the levels of uric acid, creatinine, alanine transaminase in the blood, number of cases to use analgesics and adverse events were recorded compared before and after treatment. Twelve weeks follow-up was also conducted after the treatment. Result:The total effective rate was 91.25% (73/80) in intervention group, higher than 83.75% (67/80) in control group, with a significant difference between two groups (χ2=0.16, P<0.05). Intervention group was superior to control group in improvement of onset frequency of gout, joint pain (P<0.05), and blood uric acid (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between two groups in blood creatinine and alanine transaminase. The number of patients using analgesics was less in intervention group (P<0.05). In terms of adverse reactions, there were two cases of fever, two cases of abnormal liver function, six cases of abnormal kidney function and three cases of gastrointestinal reaction after the treatment in intervention group. While for control group, there were one case of fever, two cases of abnormal liver function, eight cases of abnormal kidney function and five cases of gastrointestinal reaction, without significant differences between two groups. Conclusion:The Qifu Huazhuo decoction can effectively reduce the onset frequency of gout and the degree of joint pain in intermittent and chronic phases, effectively control the level of blood uric acid, and reduce the number of cases using analgesics, with less adverse reactions, so it is suitable for clinical use.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779416

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and hypertension in Henan rural residents, and to explore the association between vitamin D and risk of hypertension. Methods 2 013 Henan rural participants aged 18-80 years were recruited from a cross-sectional study. Logistic regression models and restricted cubic spline model were used to evaluate odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) and dose-response relationship between vitamin D and risk of hypertension. Results In total population, the prevalence of hypertension was 40.34% (30.64% after age-standard), and the mean serum 25-(OH)D was (24.50 ± 16.18) ng/ml, and 53.95% of all participants were presenting vitamin D deficiency. Compared with non-hypertension, a lower level of serum 25-(OH)D was observed in people with hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension was 45.21% in vitamin D deficient group which was higher than in the vitamin D sufficient group (31.07%). Compared with the vitamin D sufficient group, the risk of hypertension was increase in the vitamin D deficient group (OR=1.59, 95% CI: 1.21-2.10), and the risk of hypertension decreased by 14% for every 10 ng/ml increase in serum 25-(OH) D levels. Moreover, an L-shaped relationship was observed between 25-(OH)D concentration and risk of hypertension. Conclusion Vitamin D deficiency is associated with risk of hypertension and there is an L-shaped relationship between 25-(OH)D concentration and risk of hypertension.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776546

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of prenatal cold stress on the behavior and mood of offspring in pregnant rats.@*METHODS@#Six SPF-class Wister pregnant rats were randomly divided into normal temperature control group and cold stress group with 3 rats in each group. The pregnant female rats in the normal temperature control group were kept in the environment of (22 ±2)℃, and the pregnant female rats in the cold stress group were placed in the artificial intelligence climate chamber at(4 ±0.1)℃ for 7 days before the birth, and the young rats were divided into normal temperature after the young rats were born. After the young rats were born, they were divided into normal temperature control group of male rats (MR, 22), normal temperature control group of mother rats (FR, 15), cold stress group of male rats (MC, 15), and cold stress group of female rats (FC, 15) .In the fourth generation of the offspring, the open field experiment and the elevated cross maze test were carried out.@*RESULTS@#In the open field experiment, there was no significant difference in spontaneous activity and exploration behavior between the normal temperature control group and the cold stress group (P>0.05). In the elevated plus maze experiment, the retention time of the open arms, the number of open arms and the distance of the male and female rats in the cold stress group were significantly higher than those in the normal temperature control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Prenatal maternal cold stress has no significant effect on spontaneous activity, exploration behavior and activity level of offspring, but the offspring have obvious abnormal behaviors with reduced anxiety behavior.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anxiety , Behavior, Animal , Cold-Shock Response , Exploratory Behavior , Female , Male , Maze Learning , Pregnancy , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Random Allocation , Rats , Stress, Psychological
7.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1142-1146, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701254

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of up-regulated expression of microRNA-133a (miR-133a) on myo-cardial fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS:Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats with homologous nor-mal blood pressure served as the normal control group. SHR were divided into SHR group, SHR+ adeno-associated virus (AAV) group and SHR+miR-133a-AAV group randomly. miR-133a carried by miR-133a-AAV was transfected into SHR heart by coronary perfusion. The rat tail artery pressure was monitored. The myocardial collagen deposition was observed by Masson staining. The expression of miR-133a in myocardial tissue was detected by real-time PCR. The protein levels of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) were determined by immunohisto-chemistry and Western blot. RESULTS:Compared with the WKY rats, the tail artery pressure of the SHR increased sig-nificantly. The expression of miR-133a in heart decreased, and the expression levels of TGF-β1 and CTGF increased (P<0.05), and myocardial fibrosis occurred. After up-regulating the expression level of miR-133a in the heart of SHR, the myocardial fibrosis was significantly reduced, and the expression levels of TGF-β1 and CTGF decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSION:Up-regulation of the miR-133a expression improves myocardial fibrosis induced by hypertension, which may be related to inhibiting the protein expression of TGF-β1 and CTGF in myocardium.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296495

ABSTRACT

Lead exposure is a known potential risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Exposure to lead during the critical phase of brain development has been linked with mental retardation and hypophrenia in later life. This study was aimed to investigate the effects of lead exposure of pregnant mice on the expressions of insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) and nerve growth factor (NGF) in the hippocampus of their offspring. Blood samples were collected from the tail vein, and after anesthetizing the pups, the brain was excised on postnatal day 21. Lead concentrations were determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry, and the expressions of IDE and NGF were determined by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. Results showed that the reduction in IDE and NGF expression in the hippocampus of pups might be associated with impairment of learning and memory and dementia induced by maternal lead exposure during pregnancy and lactation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Down-Regulation , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Insulysin , Genetics , Metabolism , Lead , Toxicity , Mice , Pregnancy , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80078

ABSTRACT

Sleep is an important component in our lives as it is necessary throughout one’s entire life span. This study was conducted to elucidate whether there are gender differences in sleep quality and what factors can affect sleep quality in community-dwelling elderly Koreans. A total of 382 subjects (175 males and 207 females) were recruited among elderly aged 45 or over who participated in the 2010 Hallym Aging Study (HAS). They were invited to a general hospital and were evaluated for socioeconomic status, smoking history, and various clinical measures. Sleep quality was assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). A higher score indicates poorer subjective sleep quality, (PSQI global score > 5 suggests sleep disturbance). After adjusting for potential covariates, our results show that alcohol increases the odds for poor sleep (odds ratio [OR] = 3.35, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.11–10.10) in males. In females, lack of exercise was the major risk factor of poor sleep as they are 4.46 times more likely to suffer from low sleep quality than those who exercise regularly (95% CI=1.56–13.75). Stress was also a risk factor for poor sleep. It was 5.60 times higher in the "always have stress" group than the "do not have stress" group (95% CI = 1.54–20.34). Thus, alcohol consumption is associated with men’s sleep quality, while exercise and stress level affect women's.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging , Alcohol Drinking , Female , Hospitals, General , Humans , Male , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking , Social Class
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257660

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a stable and modified mouse model of brain death (BD) and to share our experiences in BD induction and maintenance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 35 C57BL/6 male mice were randomized into BD group (n=25) or sham control group (n=10). BD was induced by inserting a 2F Fogarty catheter connected to a syringe pump after trepanation of the left frontoparietal area and injecting volume at the speed of 6 μl/min until spontaneous respiration ceased. BD was diagnosed by electroencephalogram, apnea testing,as well as testing of brain stem reflexes. Mechanical ventilation was performed by orotracheal intubation. Right carotid artery was intubated by a PE-10 cannula for the continuous monitoring of mean blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). The right external jugular vein was catheterized for volume resuscitation.The sham control group underwent the same procedure with catheter insertion but without balloon inflation.Livers were removed and fixed in paraffin to evaluate the histological alterations with the light microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Mouse models of BD were successfully established about 20 minutes after balloon inflation, and the mean balloon volume at the time of BD was (105.77 ± 21.57)μl. The MAP and HR rapidly increased on occurrence of BD and the peak value was (128.28 ± 17.16) mmHg and (434.16 ± 55.75) beat/min, respectively, which were significant higher than those in the sham control group at the same time point (P=0.000). During the 4-hour follow-up time, MAP and HR in 72% (18/25) of BD animals remained haemodynamically stable. No animal died due to anesthesia and surgical operation.Hepatic tissues in BD mice showed mild focal ischemic damages (cellular edema, congestion, and inflammatory infiltration), which were slighter and fewer in sham control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The mouse model of BD was successfully established with lower surgical difficulty and can be performed in a standardized, reproducible and successful way.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Death , Disease Models, Animal , Heart Rate , Intracranial Pressure , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321341

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to establish an UFLC fingerprint of Tibetan medicine Pterocephalus hookeir samples from different habitats. UFLC-PDA was adopted to analyse 21 batches of P. hookeir samples from different habitats. The chromatographic condition was as follow: Agilent proshell 120 SB-C18 column (4.6 mm x 100 mm, 2.7 microm) eluted with the mobile phases of acetonitrile and 0.2% phosphoric acid water in gradient mode. The flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1), and the detection wavelength was set at 238 nm. The fingerprints of 21 batches P. hookeir were carried out by similarity comparation, and 15 chromatographic peaks were extracted as the common peaks of fingerprint, of which 5 peaks were identified as chlorogenic acid, loganin, sweroside, sylvestroside III, triplostoside A. The similarity degrees of 18 batchs of samples were above 0.9, and the other 3 batchs of samples were below 0.9. This is the first established fingerprint of P. hookeir by using UFLC-PDA. This method has good precision, stability and repeatability that it could provide basis for quality control and evaluation of P. hookeir.


Subject(s)
Caprifoliaceae , Chemistry , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347179

ABSTRACT

Wilson's disease (WD), or hepatolenticular degeneration, is an autosomal recessive inheritance disorder of copper metabolism caused by ATP7B gene mutation. As WD is an inherited disease of the nervous system that is not curable; early diagnosis with early and life-long treatment leads to better prognoses. Currently, the recommended treatment for WD is integrated Chinese and Western medicine. A number of studies indicate that treatment of integrative medicine can not only enforce the de-copper effect but also improve liver function, intelligence, and other factors. This article reviewed in detail the advantages of WD treated with Chinese and Western medicine together.


Subject(s)
Hepatolenticular Degeneration , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Radiography
13.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 943-946, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356337

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify DUOX2 gene mutation in patients with congenital goiter with hypothyroidism.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Five patients who had transit congenital hypothyroidism with goiter were enrolled. The exons of DUOX2 gene were amplified and sequenced.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>A heterozygous missense mutation C1329T in the exon 10 of the DUOX2 gene was found in one patient, predicted to result in a Tryptophan to Arginine substitution at codon 376. However no mutation was detected in the other patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>p.Arg376Trp mutation in DUOX2 was found in newborns of congenital hypothyroidism. The alleles frequency of this mutation may contribute to the function loss of congenital hypothyroidism.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Congenital Hypothyroidism , Genetics , Dual Oxidases , Exons , Female , Goiter , Genetics , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mutation , NADPH Oxidases , Genetics
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360614

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>The purposes were to determine the relationship between silicosis among foundry workers and their cumulative exposure to silica dust, and to establish a regression model to predict the risk for developing silicosis by a given length of employment and air concentrations of silica at worksites.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A 29-year cohort study was conducted, including all those employed for more than one year during January 1, 1980 to December 31, 1996 and all members of the cohort were followed-up to December 31, 2008. In total, 2009 workers of an automobile foundry in Shiyan, Hubei province were recruited in the study, 1300 at eight worksites including sand preparation, cast shakeout, and finishing, melting, moulding, core-making, overhead crane operation and pouring as exposed group, and the other 709 auxiliary workers at the same factory, such as electricians, inspectors, fitters, and so on, as control group. Person-years of observation were calculated by persons observed and years followed-up for each of them. Person-year incidence of silicosis and its relative risk (RR) or odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) among the workers were estimated, adjusted for relevant factors with logistic regression model using SPSS version 15.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Totally, 2009 workers were followed-up for 37 151 person-years and 48 cases of silicosis were found, with an overall incidence of 1.34 per thousand, 2.02 per thousand in exposed group, and 0.15 per thousand in control one. Risk of silicosis was significantly higher in the exposed group than that in the control one (RR = 13.13, 95% CI 3.18-54.13), higher in men than that in women (RR = 13.92, 95% CI 1.92-100.93). Risks of silicosis varied by job, highest in those exposed to cast shakeout and finishing (RR = 28.14, 95% CI 6.43-123.11), followed by those exposed to pouring (RR = 22.23, 95% CI 5.01-98.55) in the foundry. Average length of employment at onset of silicosis was 25.94 years, and silicosis incidence increased with length of employment. Average age at onset of silicosis was 47.83 years old. The risk of silicosis in workers with pulmonary tuberculosis was 2.57 folds as those without it (P < 0.01). Ten deaths were recorded in those with silicosis, with a case-fatality rate of 20.83 percent three of them died of lung cancer, three of liver cancer, two of ischemic heart disease, and two of other diseases as their immediate causes of death. Incidence of silicosis in foundry workers positively correlated with their cumulative silica exposure (OR = 3.00, 95% CI 2.34-3.83). Risks of silicosis increased by 4.38 folds with an increase of 1 mg/m3-year of cumulative silica exposure, and by 3.79 folds with smoking, respectively, adjusted for alcohol drinking and age. Based on a logistic regression model fitted, incidence of silicosis is expected to be 44.6 per thousand for those with daily exposure to silica of 4.18 mg/m3 in average for 30 years, and if incidence of silicosis is expected to be less than 1 per thousand, daily exposure to silica should be controlled below 0.2 mg/m3 for those with 20 years of employment, or below 0.1 mg/m3 for those with 30 or 40 years of silica exposure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>At present, foundry workers in China still face high risk of developing silicosis. For lowering occurrence of silicosis in exposed workers, it seems necessary that current occupational exposure limits for silica at worksites in China should be reexamined and silica dust control measures be strengthened.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Air , Air Pollutants, Occupational , Automobiles , Female , Humans , Incidence , Logistic Models , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Exposure , Silicon Dioxide , Silicosis , Mortality , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313497

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To find the effects of lead taken by pregnant mice on learning and memory and the expression of synaptosomal-associated protein (SNAP)-25 mRNA and protein, in order to reveal the mechanism of neurotoxicity induced by lead.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Lead exposure was conducted through freely drinking the corresponding lead acetate solutions with dosages of 0.3, 1.0, 3.0 g/L respectively. Each group was composed of 10 mice. 7, 14 and 21 days after their birth. The lead contents in blood and hippocampus of the offspring were determined. At the 21st day the expression of SNAP-25 mRNA and protein in hippocampus of all the offspring in various dosages groups were determined by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The lead contents in blood and hippocampus of various lead exposed groups were significantly higher than those of the control group (P < 0.05). The lead levels in blood and hippocampus changed accordingly to the days of growth. In Water Morris Maze experiment, the result of 0.3 g/L group was not significantly different from that of the control group (P > 0.05), however, the results of 1.0, 3.0 g/L groups (5.89 ± 0.54, 9.53 ± 1.03) were significantly different from those of the control group (1.73 ± 0.07) (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The expression of SNAP-25 mRNA and protein was lower in lead exposed groups than that of the control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Maternal lead exposure may induce the damage in the ability of learning and memory of the offspring. The neurotoxicity of lead may be induced by decreasing the expression of SNAP-25 mRNA and protein so as to affect the release of neurotransmitter from presynaptic terminal resulted in nerve damages.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Lead , Toxicity , Maternal Exposure , Maze Learning , Memory , Mice , Pregnancy , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Synaptosomal-Associated Protein 25 , Metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275731

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze systematically the characteristics of occupational hazards in the foundry, and provide precise data for epidemiology studies and control of occupational hazards in the foundry.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data of airborne dust, chemical occupational hazards and physical occupational agents in environment in the foundry from 1978 to 2008 were dynamically collected. Mean concentration and intensity (geometric mean) of occupational hazards were calculated by job in different years.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Main occupational hazards in the foundry were silica, metal fume, noise and heat stress. Silica existed in all of main jobs. The mean concentration of silica before 1986 was an extremely high level of 8.6 mg/m(3), and then remarkably dropped after 1986, with the level of 2.4 mg/m(3) from 1986 to 1989, 2.7 mg/m(3) from 1990 to 2002 and 2.7 mg/m(3) from 2003 to 2008. The trend of silica concentrations by job was consistent with that in general. Silica concentrations among jobs were significantly different, with highest level in melting (4.4 mg/m(3)), followed by cast shakeout and finishing (3.4 mg/m(3)), pouring (3.4 mg/m(3)), sand preparation (2.4 mg/m(3)), moulding (2.1 mg/m(3)) and core-making (1.7 mg/m(3)). Concentration of respirable dust in pouring was highest (2.76 mg/m(3)), followed by cast shakeout and finishing (1.14 mg/m(3)). Mean concentration of asbestos dust in melting was a relative high level of 2.0 mg/m(3). In core-making and sand preparation, there existed emission production of adhesive, with mean concentrations as followed, ammonia (5.84 mg/m(3)), formaldehyde (0.60 mg/m(3)), phenol (1.73 mg/m(3)) and phenol formaldehyde resin (1.3 mg/m(3)) also existed. Benzene and its homologues existed in cast shakeout and finishing, and the level of benzene, toluene, xylene was 0.2 mg/m(3), 0.1 mg/m(3) and 1.3 mg/m(3), respectively. In pouring and melting, there existed chemical occupational hazards, including benzo(a) pyrene, metal fume (lead, cadmium, manganese, nickel, chromium) and gas(hydrogen sulfide, phosphine, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide). Mean concentration of benzo(a) pyrene was a low level of 1.80 x 10(-4) microg/m(3). Physical occupational agents in the foundry were noise, heat stress and vibration. Intensity of heat stress was high in melting, pouring and cast shakeout and finishing, with the level of 30 degrees C, 29 degrees C and 26 degrees C, respectively. Noise was high in cast shakeout and finishing and core-making, with the level of 93.1 dB(A) and 89.5 dB(A), respectively. Vibration existed in core-making and cast shakeout and finishing. Compulsory postures included long standing, seating and bowing.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Occupational hazards in environment of the foundry are diversified and their concentrations exceed permissible exposure limits stipulated by the national occupational hygienic standards. High-concentrations of dust, metal fume, low-concentrations of variety of chemicals, high-intensity of noise and vibration, heat stress, and harmful compulsory posture, and so on all co-exist in the foundry. Control and protective measures should be strengthened.</p>


Subject(s)
Dust , Hazardous Substances , Metallurgy , Occupational Exposure
17.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 768-773, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296356

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE</b>The primary submucous type of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) or the recurrent NPC in the parapharyngeal space is difficult to be diagnosed histologically by conventional biopsy because of the obstruction of the surrounding structures. This study was performed to evaluate the needle biopsy approach through the madibular area into the parapharyngeal space under the guidance of computed tomography (CT) for NPC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between July 6, 2005 and October 23, 2009, a total of 6 patients were enrolled into the study. Two patients with cervical lymph node metastasis were clinically suspicious of NPC according to their clinical manifestations. However, no cancer cell could be found by repeated nasopharyngeal biopsies followed by histologic examinations. The other 4 patients were diagnosed with recurrent NPCs by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or/and positron emission tomography (PET)-CT scan, showing tumors in the parapharyngeal spaces in 3 patients and enlarged retropharyngeal lymph node in 1 patient. The CT-guided puncture was performed through the mandibular skin and the cutting needle biopsy was taken at the parapharyngeal space focus.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the cutting needle biopsies of projected locations have been performed safely. Finally, all the 7 specimens met the requirement of pathologic diagnosis and the cases were all confirmed histologically to be NPCs. The main complication was mild ache at the puncture point. No blood vessel or nerve was injured and no patient needed special treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The CT-guided puncture biopsy of the parapharyngeal space through the mandibular area is simple and feasible. It can be an additional option for routine nasopharyngeal biopsy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Biopsy, Needle , Methods , Female , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Mandible , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pharynx , Pathology , Positron-Emission Tomography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322773

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of micronutrients on the immune status of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 102 HIV-positive individuals were randomly divided into supplementation group (received micronutrients supplement) and control group (received placebo). Physical examinations were performed at baseline and at the end of the trial. Immune status were determined in both two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Age, height, weight, and sex ratio were not significantly different between two groups (all P>0.05). Baseline CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ T lymphocytes and IgA, IgG, IgM, C3 levels were not significantly different between two groups (all P>0.05), while the levels of CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ T lymphocytes and IgA, IgG, IgM, C3 were significantly higher in supplementation group than in control group(all P0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Supplementation of micronutrients can improve the immune status of HIV-positives individuals.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Dietary Supplements , HIV Infections , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Micronutrients , Therapeutic Uses , Middle Aged
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 644-649, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30696

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To study the epidemic characteristics, transmission sources and routes of various subtypes of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and sequence variations in Henan, central China. To provide theoretical foundation for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) prevention strategy in this region where the primary HIV transmission route was through former paid blood donation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HIV-1 gene env and gag were amplified by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from uncultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from 1,287 HIV-1 confirmed samples in Henan. RESULTS: Among 1,287 samples, 5 HIV-1 strains were found including subtypes B' (95.9%), C (0.47%) and recombinant subtypes CRF 07_BC (1.09%), CRF 08_BC (1.79%) and CRF 01_AE (0.78%). Phylogenetic tree analysis found that 1,234 Henan subtype B' were closely related to those commonly found in Thailand, and were distantly related to other international subtypes. The dominant strain in former blood plasma donors (FPDs) was subtype B', and the dominant strains in sexual transmission were subtype B' and BC. Among HIV patients who were most likely infected through routes other than paid blood donation, the percentage of non-B' subtypes was much higher than those of FPD. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the prevailing strain of HIV-1 in Henan is subtype B', similar to the B' subtype found in Thailand. In addition, for the first time we found subtypes C and recombinant subtypes CRF07_BC, CRF08_BC and CRF01_AE in this region. Indicating that the subtype feature of HIV-1 became more complicated than before in central China.


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/prevention & control , Blood Donors , China/epidemiology , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV-1/classification , Humans , Phylogeny , Prevalence , Thailand
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1371-1375, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344069

ABSTRACT

5-Aryl-4-cyano-1H-1, 2, 3-triazoles bearing a variety of substituting groups on 5-phenyl were synthesized. Their structures were established by MS, IR and 1H NMR spectra. The crystal structures of compounds 3f and 3m were determined by X-ray diffraction analysis. The active H of the triazole was on 1-N from the crystal structures. The compounds, designed as HER2 tyrosine kinase inhibitors, were screened for bioactivity of growth-inhibition of breast cancer MDA-MB-453 cells. The lowest IC50 value of inhibiting HER2 tyrosine kinase phosphorylation in breast cancer cells is 6.6 micromol x L(-1). The inhibiting-growth of breast cancer cells was enhanced from electron-drawing groups joining 5-phenyl on the triazole.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Crystallization , Crystallography, X-Ray , Female , Humans , Phosphorylation , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Metabolism , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Metabolism , Triazoles , Chemistry , Pharmacology
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