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1.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 724-731, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958574

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and small and dense low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (sdLDL-C) on contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods:This retrospective analysis included 674 STEMI patients who underwent emergency PCI in Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from November 2019 to October 2021, all patients were divided into a training cohort ( n=450) and validation cohort ( n=224) at a ratio of 2∶1 according to the chronological sequence. The patients in the training cohort were further divided into CI-AKI group ( n=92) and non-CI-AKI group ( n=358). Information at admission and emergency blood biochemical indexes were collected, and the SII was calculated. Multifactorial logistic regression analysis was used to explore the independent factors influencing the occurrence of CI-AKI in STEMI patients undergoing emergency PCI in the training cohort and a predictive model was established. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Hosmer-Lemeshow test were used to evaluate the model discrimination and calibration. Results:The prevalence of CI-AKI was 20.4% (92/450). Age, proportion of women, sdLDL-C, urea, baseline creatinine, uric acid, neutrophil count, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and SII were significantly higher in the CI-AKI group than in the non-CI-AKI group (all P<0.05), and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and lymphocyte count were significantly lower in the CI-AKI group than in the non-CI-AKI group (all P<0.05). The results of multifactorial logistic regression analysis showed that age ( OR=1.046, P=0.001), LVEF ( OR=0.916, P<0.001), sdLDL-C ( OR=4.754, P<0.001), uric acid ( OR=1.012, P=0.007), eGFR ( OR=0.994, P=0.002), and lnSII ( OR=2.471, P<0.001) were independent determinants of CI-AKI after emergency PCI in STEMI patients. ROC curve analysis showed that area under the curve (AUC) for the diagnosis of CI-AKI was 0.688 with a sensitivity of 73.9% and specificity of 61.5% for the SII cut-off point of 1 179.07×10 9/L. The AUC for the diagnosis of CI-AKI was 0.709 with a sensitivity of 65.2% and specificity of 77.4% for the sdLDL-C cut-off point of 1.147 mmol/L. The AUC for the diagnosis of CI-AKI was 0.847 with a sensitivity of 88.0% and a specificity of 70.6% for the combination of SII and sdLDL-C with age, LVEF, uric acid and eGFR. The Hosmer-Lemeshow test (χ2=6.913, P=0.546) proved the goodness of fit of the model. Conclusions:SII and sdLDL-C have significant clinical value in the prediction of CI-AKI. SII and sdLDL-C combined with age, LVEF, uric acid and eGFR could further improve the predictive efficacy of CI-AKI.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 710-717, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958072

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether astaxanthin (AST) down-regulates dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) through activating the silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog-1 (SIRT1) signaling pathway, thereby attenuating contrast-induced acute kidney injury.Methods:Forty adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 160-180 g were randomly divided into five groups: sham surgery group (Sham group), contrast medium injury group (CM group), astaxanthin-intervention group (AST+CM group), SIRT1 inhibitor Ex527 intervention group (Ex527+CM group), and astaxanthin combined with Ex527 intervention group (AST+Ex527+CM group). After 72 hours of modeling, heart blood was removed and kidney tissues were collected for follow-up testing. Serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and oxidative stress-related indexes total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured by biochemistry; hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to observe the pathological changes in the kidney; mitochondrial morphology and number were observed by transmission electron microscopy; reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were detected by ROS staining in frozen sections; TUNEL staining was performed to detect apoptosis level. The expression levels of SIRT1, p53, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), Drp1 and apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by Western blotting.Results:(1) Compared with the CM group, Scr and BUN level were significantly lower, T-SOD level was higher and MDA level was lower in the AST+CM group, while T-SOD level decreased and MDA level increased after the combination of Ex527 (all P<0.05). (2) ROS expression was lower in the AST+CM group compared to the CM group and higher after the combination of Ex527 (both P<0.05). (3) The number of apoptotic cells was significantly reduced in the AST+CM group compared to the CM group and increased after the combination of Ex527 (both P<0.05). (4) The protein expression levels of SIRT1, PGC-1α and Bcl-2 were increased and the protein expression levels of p53, Drp1 and Bax were decreased (all P<0.05) in the AST+CM group compared with the CM group, and the protein expression levels of SIRT1, PGC-1α and Bcl-2 were decreased and the protein expression levels of p53, Drp1 and Bax were increased when Ex527 was combined (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Astaxanthin can inhibit Drp1-mediated mitochondrial fission by activating the SIRT1 pathway, thereby reducing contrast-induced acute kidney injury in rats.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 746-751, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of exercise stress echocardiography combined with left ventricular two-dimensional speckle tracking layer-specific strain technique in evaluating subclinical myocardial damage and reserve function in patients with hypertension.Methods:A total of 51 healthy subjects(control group) and 55 hypertensive patients (hypertension group) were enrolled in the treadmill exercise stress test in Sichuan Provincial People′s Hospital from October 2018 to January 2020. According to the European Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension, the inclusion criteria for patients with hypertension were: blood pressure≥140/90 mmHg or who explicitly took antihypertensive drugs, and related cardiovascular diseases were excluded. The conventional parameters of resting and peak exercise, including left ventricular mass index, left ventricular end-diastolic volume index and left ventricular ejection fraction et al, were analyzed by speckle tracking software in two groups. According to the standard images in the resting and peak exercise, the endocardium /mid-myocardium /epicardium of left ventricular (three-, two-, four-chamber and global) longitudinal strain and circumferential strain (papillary muscle level) were compared respectively in two groups. The characteristics of strain differences and the systolic function reserve between the resting and peak exercise were evaluated.Results:There were significant differences in conventional ultrasound parameters between resting and peak exercise period in hypertension group, except E/A and e/a ratio (all P<0.05), and E/e value increased significantly(12.1±0.38) during peak exercise, indicating impaired diastolic reserve function. The longitudinal and circumferential layer-specific strain values from endocardial to epicardial were gradually decreased in both two groups. Compared with the control group, the resting longitudinal and circumferential endocardial strain values in hypertensive group were decreased, and the differences were more obvious at peak status, for instance global longitudinal endocardium strain at rest[control group (24.4±1.5)%, hypertension group (20.4±2.3)%], peak status[control group (30.8±2.8)%, hypertension group (22.8±2.9)%]( P<0.05). There were no significant differences of the partial layer-specific strain values between the peak exercise and resting status in hypertension group, while peak layer-specific strain of the control group were all significantly increased, suggesting that the left ventricular systolic reserve function of hypertension patients was lower than that of the control group. Conclusions:Left ventricular layer-specific strain can effectively evaluate the myocardial function in patients with hypertension, especially the endocardial strain can be used as an indicator parameter, and the peak exercise stress state is more sensitive. The systolic and diastolic reserve function of the left ventricle in patients with hypertension at the peak period are reduced to different degrees. Exercise stress echocardiography combined with left ventricular layer-specific strain technique can be used as a new method for detection of myocardial function impairment in patients with hypertension.

4.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 239-244, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879966

ABSTRACT

To investigate the postoperative serum triglyceride (TG) levels in predicting the risk of new-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) in patients following allogeneic liver transplantation. One hundred and forty three patients undergoing allogeneic liver transplantation in Shanghai General Hospital from July 2007 to July 2014 were enrolled in this study. The NODM developed in 33 patients after liver transplantation. The curve of dynamic TG levels in the early period after liver transplantation was generated. Independent risk factors of NODM were determined by univariate and multivariant logistic regression analyses. The clinical value of TG in predicting NODM was analyzed by area under the ROC curve (AUC). Serum TG levels were gradually rising in the first week and then reached the plateau phase (stable TG, sTG) in patients after surgery. The sTG in NODM group were significantly higher than that in non-NODM group (=-2.31, <0.05). Glucocorticoid therapy (=4.054, <0.01), FK506 drug concentration in the first week after operation (=3.482, <0.05) and sTG (=3.156, <0.05) were independent risk factors of NODM. ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of sTG in predicting NODM was 0.72. TG shows a gradual recovery process in the early period after liver transplantation, and the higher TG level in stable phase may significantly increase the risk of NODM in patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Tacrolimus/adverse effects , Triglycerides
5.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1026-1032, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932357

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the left ventricular (LV) myocardial mechanical dysfunction in patients with cirrhosis using ultrasonic layer-specific strain imaging and to explore its value in clinical application.Methods:A total of 80 consecutive cirrhosis patients without cardiovascular diseases were prospectively enrolled from October 2020 to March 2021 in Sichuan Provincial People′s Hospital, 39 of whom were assigned to the compensated group and 41 were assigned to the decompensated group according to the occurrence of portal hypertension. Forty-three healthy volunteers during the same period were randomly recruited as the control group. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed to assess the LV configuration and functional parameters. LV global longitudinal strain in endocardial, middle and epicardial myocardium (GLSendo, GLSmid, GLSepi), and longitudinal strain (LS) in basal, middle and apical segments, and peak strain dispersion (PSD) were obtained using ultrasonic layer-specific strain imaging. ΔLS was calculated by the formula of GLSendo-GLSepi. Then, the differences of related parameters among three groups were compared.Results:①Conventional echocardiography: compared with the control group, the interventricular septum end-diastolic thickness (IVSTd), left ventricular posterior wall end-diastolic thickness (LVPWd), left ventricular mass (LVM) and LVM index (LVMI) were increased in compensated and decompensated groups (all P<0.05), while no significant differences in conventional echocardiographic parameters were identified between the two cirrhosis groups (all P>0.05). ②Global layer-specific strain: compared with the control group, GLSendo, GLSmid, GLSepi and ΔLS were decreased and PSD was increased in compensated and decompensated groups (all P<0.05); Moreover, the decompensated group showed a more impaired GLSendo, GLSmid and GLSepi than compensated group (all P<0.05), whereas there were no significant differences of ΔLS and PSD between the two groups(all P>0.05). ③Segmental layer-specific strain: compared with the control group, LS values of three layers in compensated and decompensated groups were reduced at basal, middle and apical levels (all P<0.05); Compared with the compensated group, LS values of three layers in decompensated group tended to be reduced at above there levels, but only apical segments had significant differences (all P<0.05). Conclusions:There are different degrees of LV mechanical dysfunction in patients with variable severity of cirrhosis. Ultrasonic layer-specific strain imaging has the potential to quantitatively assess the state of cardiac involvement in patients with cirrhosis and to provide visual evidence for the early and accurate diagnosis of myocardial injuries.

6.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 347-352, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754810

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate left ventricular ( LV ) myocardial mechanical transmural longitudinal displacement ( LD ) and radial displacement ( RD ) with contrast agent and different power irradiation in open‐chest Beagle canines by ultrasound velocity vector images ( VVI) workstation . Methods T he anesthetized open‐chest Beagle canines were assigned into two groups randomly :Group A ( n =6) for baseline ,diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation ( 300 mW) 5 min ,combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min conditions ; Group B ( n = 6 ) for baseline and intensity ultrasound irradiation ( 1 W ,2 W and 3 W ,5 min respectively) conditions . T he standard short‐axis and long‐axis gray‐scale view s during three complete cardiac cycles in open‐chest Beagle canine models were acquired . T he peak LD subendomyocardium ( LD‐subendo) ,LD subepimyocardium ( LD‐subepi) ,RD subendomyocardium ( RD‐subendo) and RD subepimyocardium ( RD‐subepi ) of LV were analyzed using a dedicated Syngo VVI method . Results In group A ,the LV LD‐subendo ,LD‐subepi ,RD‐subendo and RD‐subepi in the most of segments showed increasing trend in diagnostic power irradiation ,contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min compared with baseline condition ,however the differences were not significant ( P >0 .05 ,respectively) . T he peak LD‐subendo and LD‐subepi ,RD‐subendo and RD‐subepi of LV in group A with the same condition were significant different ( all P <0 .05) . In group B ,LV LD‐subendo in ultrasonic power 3 W was lower than baseline condition ( P < 0 .05 ) ,LV RD‐subendo was higher compared with baseline condition ( P <0 .05) . T he peak LD‐subendo and LD‐subepi ,RD‐subendo and RD‐subepi of LV in group B with the same condition were significant different ( all P < 0 .05) . Conclusions On ultrasonic power 3 W ,LV LD‐subendo is decreased resulting to negative inotropic effect and RD‐subendo is increased to maintain the normal heart work .LV LD and RD on diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation 5 min , combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min ,contrast agent 20 min conditions ,ultrasonic power 1 W and 2 W are not prominent changes .

7.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 469-473, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754338

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of paclitaxel coated balloon in the treatment of symptomatic lower extremity arteriosclerosis obliterans.Methods From January 2016 to April 2017,64 patients with symptomatic lower limb arteriosclerosis obliterans ( ASO ) of femoral and popliteal artery stenosis admitted to Chongming Branch Xinhua Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine were selected as the research subjects.According to the principle of randomization, they were divided into two groups, 32 cases in each group.In the drug?coated group, ordinary balloon was pre?expanded,and then paclitaxel drug?coated balloon was used to expand.If there were still retraction and stenosis of diseased vessels, which affected the blood flow of lower limbs, remedial stents were implanted.Bare stent group used a slightly smaller balloon to pre?expand superficial femoral artery and then release the stent.After one year follow?up, the changes of ankle?brachial index ( ABI), restenosis rate of target lesion vessels, Rutherford grading changes, clinical drive target vessel revascularization rate, perioperative period,death rate of patients during follow?up period, amputation rate and complication rate were observed.Results There were no amputations or deaths in the whole group during the perioperative period and follow?up.The incidence of complications in the drug?coated group was 3.1%( 1/32 ), significantly lower than that in the bare stent group 18.8%( 6/32) ( χ2 =4.010, P= 0.045).Before treatment,the ABI of patients in drug?coated group and bare stent group at 6 months and 12 months after treatment were significantly different ( Finter?group = 7.028, Pinter?group = 0.024, Fintra?group = 219.028, Pintra?group=0.000,Finteraction=350.028,Pinteraction=0.000),and ABI of the two groups at 12 months after treatment were (0.73± 0.11) and ( 0.68 ± 0.09),respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( t=1.990, P=0.025).Six months after operation, the restenosis rates of target lesions in the two groups were 9.4%(3/32) and 15.6%(5/32), respectively, with no significant difference ( χ2 =0.571, P=0.450); The restenosis rate of bare stent group was 37.5%(12/32) 12 months after operation,which was significantly higher than that of drug?coated group by 15.6%(5/32) (χ2=3.925,P=0.048).Clinical observation results showed that 12 months after operation,the target?lesion revascularization (TLR) of the drug?coated group was 3.1%(1/32) and that of the bare stent group was 9.4%(3/32),with no significant difference.Rutherford grading was improved in both groups(χ2=1.067,P>0.05). Conclusion Paclitaxel drug?coated balloon is safe and effective in the treatment of symptomatic lower limb arteriosclerosis obliterans,which is worthy of clinical application.

8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 337-339, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691791

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of intracerebroventricular injection of leptin on proopiomelanocortin(POMC) and neuropeptide Agouti related protein (AGRP) and fasting blood glucose (FBG) in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods Eighty male 8-week-age SD rats with T2DM were selected and divided into two groups:intracerebroventricular injection of leptin group(n=40)and intracerebroventricular injection of vehicle control group(n =40).Intracerebroventricular injection of 5 μL/kg(fasting leptin level 15 ng/mL) leptin was performed in the leptin injection group,and the control group was injected with same amount of vehicle instead.After 48 h,the FBG level was determined,and the levels of POMC and AGRP were detected by the titer method.Results The level of FBG in the leptin injection group was significantly lower than that in the control group(P< 0.05),the expression of serum POMC in the leptin injection group was significantly higher than that in control group(P<0.05),The expression of AGRP in the leptin injection group was significantly decreased than control group(P<0.05).Conclusion intracerebroventricular injection of leptin can significantly reduce the FBG level in rats with T2DM,increases POMC expression and decreases AGRP associated protein expression.

9.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1421-1426, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771458

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of miR-454-3p in colon cancer and its effect on colon cancer proliferation, invasion and hepatic metastasis.@*METHODS@#Specimens of tumor tissues and paired adjacent tissues were collected from 20 patients with colorectal cancer for detecting the expression levels of miR-454-3p using in situ hybridization. Colon cancer cell line SW480 was transfected with a lentiviral vector to induce miR-454-3p over-expression, and the changes in cell proliferation and invasion were observed using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), clone formation assay and Transwell experiment. The effect of miR- 454-3p over-expression on hepatic metastasis of colon cancer was assessed in BALB/c mouse models.@*RESULTS@#The results of in situ hybridization showed a significantly increased expression level of miR-454-3p in colon cancer tissues as compared with normal colon tissues ( < 0.05). In SW480 cells, over-expression of miR-454-3p significantly promoted the cell proliferation and invasion ( < 0.05). In BALB/c mice, SW480 cells over-expressing miR-454-3p showed a significantly higher potential for liver metastases than the control cells ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#miR-454-3p is overexpressed in the tumor tissues in patients with colorectal cancer and participates in the progression of colorectal cancer by promoting cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and liver metastasis. miR-454-3p may serve as a novel biomarker for colorectal cancer diagnosis and prognostic evaluation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Colon , Metabolism , Colonic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Disease Progression , Liver Neoplasms , Mice, Inbred BALB C , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Sincalide , Metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 811-816, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707728

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate left ventricular ( LV ) myocardial mechanical rotation and twist with contrast agent and different power irradiation in open-chest beagle canines by ultrasound velocity vector images ( VVI ) . Methods The anesthetized open-chest Beagle canines were assigned into two groups randomly :group A ( n = 6 ) for baseline ,diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation ( 300 mW ) 5 min , combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min conditions ;group B ( n = 6) for baseline and intensity ultrasound irradiation ( 1 W ,2 W and 3 W ,5 min respectively ) conditions . The standard short-axis gray-scale views at basal level (BL) ,and apical level( AL) during three complete cardiac cycles in open-chest beagle canine models were acquired . The peak subendomyocardium rotation ( subendo-rot) ,subepimyocardium rotation ( subepi-rot) of BL and AL were analyzed using a dedicated Syngo velocity vector imaging ( VVI) method and LV subendomyocardium twist ( subendo-twi) and subepimyocardium twist ( subepi-twi) were defined as apical subendo-rot/subepi-rot - basal subendo-rot/subepi-rot . Results In group A ,the LV subendo-twi ,subepi-twi ,subendo-rot and subepi-rot of BL and AL in the most of segments were significant different on diagnostic power irradiation ,contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min ( P < 0 .05 ) compared with baseline condition ;LV subendo-twi was higher than subepi-twi in group A under the same condition ( P < 0 .05) . In group B ,LV subendo-twi ,subepi-twi and subendo-rot ,subepi-rot of BL and AL on power 1 W ,2 W were higher and subendo-twi ,subepi-twi on power 3 W were lower than those on baseline condition ( P < 0 .05) ;There was no difference in subendo-rot and subepi-rot of LV BL compared with baseline condition ( P > 0 .05) ;subendo-rot and subepi-rot of LV AL were different compared with those on baseline condition ( P < 0 .05) ;LV subendo-twi and subepi-twi in group B under the same condition were significant difference ( P < 0 .05) . Conclusions LV rotation and twist increase on diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation 5 min ,combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min ,contrast agent 20 min conditions ,1 W and 2 W ;LV twist and AL rotation decrease on ultrasound power 3 W ,but BL rotation is not affected on ultrasound power 3 W .

11.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 720-724, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707713

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate left ventricular ( LV ) myocardial mechanical synchrony with contrast agent and different power irradiation in open-chest Beagle canines . Methods The anesthetized open-chest Beagle canines were assigned into two groups randomly : Group A ( n = 6 ) for baseline , diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation ( 300 mW ) 5 min ,combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min conditions ;Group B ( n = 6) for baseline and intensity ultrasound irradiation ( 1 W ,2 W and 3 W ,5 min respectively) conditions . The standard short-axis gray-scale views at levels of mitral annulus ( MV) ,papillary muscle( PM ) ,and apex( AP) during 3 complete cardiac cycles in open-chest Beagle canine models were acquired . The global radial displacement peak time ( RD-PT) and standard deviation of peak time ( RD-PT SD ) of LV subendomyocardium ( subendo ) and subepimyocardium ( subepi ) were measured and analyzed by using a dedicated Syngo velocity vector imaging ( VVI) method . Results In group A ,compared with baseline condition , the RD-PT and RD-PT SD of subendo and subepi had no significant different among diagnostic power irradiation ,contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min ( all P < 0 .05) . There was no significant different in the RD-PT and RD-PT SD between subendo and subepi in A group in all conditions ( all P < 0 .05) . In group B ,the RD-PT and RD-PT SD of subendo and subepi with power 1 W ,2 W and 3 W was higher than those with baseline condition ;the RD-PT and RD-PT SD of subendo were significant different on 2 W compared with those on baseline condition ( all P <0 .05) ;the RD-PT and RD-PT SD of subendo ,subepi were significant different on 3 W compared with baseline condition ( all P < 0 .05) ;the RD-PT and RD-PT SD were significant difference between subendo and subepi in only 3 W condition ( all P < 0 .05 ) . Conclusions Diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation 5 min and combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min conditions do not effect the synchrony of LV myocardial mechanics . Power more than 1 W can induce the delay of RD-PT and RD-PT SD of LV subendo and subepi . Power 3 W can result in dyssynchrony of LV myocardial mechanics .

12.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 49-51, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514742

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of Yiqihuoxue Paishiyin combined with levofloxacin on renal calculus and inflammatory state. Methods 76 patients with kidney stones in our hospital from February 2015 to September 2016 were selected as the study object,and they were divided into control group 38 cases and observation group 38 cases by the method of random number table,then the control group were treated with levofloxacin, the observation group were treated with supplementing qi,promoting blood circulation and removing stones combined with levofloxacin,then the clinical effective rates,serum fever and pain related inflammatory factors before and after the treatment of two groups were analyzed .Results The total effective rates of observation group with different stone diameters and stone locations were all higher than those of control group,the serum fever and pain related inflammatory factors at different time after the treatment were all lower than those of control group , the differences were all significant ( P <0.05 ) . Conclusion Yiqihuoxue Paishiyin combined with levofloxacin treatment of kidney stones in patients with significant effect , can effectively control the body's inflammatory state, improve the level of inflammatory factors.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 899-905, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663524

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the left ventricular(LV)myocardial mechanical changes with contrast agent and different power irradiation in open-chest beagle canines.Methods The anesthetized open-chest beagle canines were assigned into two groups randomly:group A(n=6)for baseline,diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation(300 mW)5 min,combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min conditions;group B(n=6)for baseline and intensity ultrasound irradiation(1 W,2 W and 3 W,5 min respectively)conditions.The peak circumferential strain(CS),longitudinal strain(LS)and radial strain(RS)of LV myocardial wall were measured and analyzed using a dedicated Syngo velocity vector imaging(VVI)method.Results In group A,the peak CS and LS were increased significantly on diagnostic power irradiation,contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min(all P <0.05,respectively) compared with baseline condition;there was no significant difference of the peak RS on diagnostic power irradiation,contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast 20 min compared with baseline condition(P >0.05).In group B,the peak CS and LS were higher on power 1 W than on baseline condition(P <0.05), the peak RS was increased gradually on power 1 W than on baseline condition(P >0.05);the peak CS,LS, RS were lower on power 2 W than on baseline condition(P >0.05);the peak of CS,LS were lower on power 3 W than on baseline condition(P <0.05);the peak of RS was decreased gradually without significant changes between power 3 W on baseline condition(P >0.05).Conclusions These findings indicate potential positive inotropic effects with diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation 5 min,combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min,contrast agent 20 min conditions,power 1 W and negative inotropic effects with power 3 W on LV myocardial CS,LS deformation.LV myofiber deformation reactions appear no significant differences on LV myocardial RS deformation in same disturbed setting.

14.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2721-2724, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611804

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association of Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2(LP-PLA2) and Antithrombin Ⅲ(AT-Ⅲ)level with the severity of coronary artery lesion in patients with coronary disease. Methods 276 patients undergoing coronary angiography were recruited in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from March,2016 to March,2017. Patients were sent to one of the two following groups according to their CAG reports:the controlled group(n=111)and the CAD group(n=165). Gensini scores were calculated in CAD group,and divided CAD group into 4 groups by quartiles:group 1(n=41),group 2(n=39),group 3 (n=42)and group 4(n=43). LP-PLA2 and AT-Ⅲwere then compared in different groups and correlation was analyzed in deciding the severity of coronary artery disease. Results (1)LP-PLA2 level in CAD group was signifi-cantly higher than the controlled group(342.9 ± 91.9 vs. 131.8 ± 27.0,P<0.05),but AT-Ⅲlevel was lower than controlled group and(91.0 ± 12.9 vs. 97.8 ± 11.0,P<0.05).(2)Both LP-PLA2 and AT-Ⅲlevel were different in groups stratified by the quartiles of Gensini scores,and the difference is statistically significant.(3)LP-PLA2 was a risk factor while AT-Ⅲwas a protectional factor for coronary artery disease(OR=1.08,95%CI:1.05~1.11,P<0.01;OR=0.95,95%CI:0.93~0.98,P<0.01;respectively )analyzed by Logisitic regression model.(4)Correla-tion analysis showed a positive association of LP-PLA2 level with Gensini scores(r=0.48,P<0.01),and a nega-tive association of AT-Ⅲlevel with Gensini scores(r=-0.24,P<0.01). Conclusion LP-PLA2 level was higher in CAD patients compared to normal patients ,while the relationship of AT-Ⅲ level among the two groups was reversed. Elevated LP-PLA2 level was associated with the increased severity of coronary artery and can provide guidance for clinic.

15.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2273-2280, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486258

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Structural and functional changes of endothelial cels are the common pathological basis of cardiovascular disease. Severe structural and functional damage of endothelial cels are found in patients with hypertension or coronary heart diseases. OBJECTIVE:To explore a new treatment method for hypertension from the perspective of vascular endothelial progenitor cels. METHODS: PubMed and Wanfang databases were retrieved using the keywords “hypertension, EPCs” and approximately relevant 200 English and 100 Chinese literatures were obtained. Forty-nine eligible literatures were screened finaly. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Endothelial progenitor cels have strong differentiation and proliferation capacities. This review may provide a new insight into potential sources of cels for diagnosis and treatment of hypertension.

16.
China Oncology ; (12): 813-819, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501592

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:Invasion and metastasis lead to poor prognosis in gastric cancer. In this study, we investigated the potential function of miR-26a in gastric cancer.Methods:Real-time lfuorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTFQ-PCR) was used to detect the expression of miR-26a in gastric cancer cells.In vitro CCK-8 assay, cloning formation assay and Matrigel-Transwell assay were used to evaluate the proliferation, migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells. A luciferase reporter assay was also conducted to confirm that matrix metallo-proteinase-16 (MMP16) is a direct target of miR-26a.Results:miR-26a was down-regulated in gastric cancer tissues compared with that in non-cancerous tissues. Functional studies showed that miR-26a inhibited cell proliferation, col-ony formation, cell motility and invasion. However, miR-26a had no effect on cell proliferation. We also characterized MMP16 as a direct target of miR-26a. We showed that knocking down MMP16 in gastric cancer cells signiifcantly de-creased MMP16 expression and inhibited cell invasion, whereas ectopic MMP16 expression signiifcantly abrogated the suppressed cell invasion induced by miR-26a.Conclusion:miR-26a suppresses gastric cancer cell invasion by targeting MMP16. miR-26a could represent a potential therapeutic target for gastric cancer.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4985-4992, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498259

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Studies on the proteomics contribute not only to exploring the laws governing life activities, but also to elucidating the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases to find the treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE:To summarize the application of proteomics in the plateau medical research. METHODS:A computer-based online search was conducted in PubMed and Wanfang databases from 1995 to 2015 to screen the relevant literatures using the key words“proteomics, medical research, plateau medicine”in English and Chinese, respectively. A total of approximately 200 English and 60 Chinese relevant literatures were selected and the 59 eligible literatures were included after screening final y. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Currently, the human genome has been decoded through the studies on exploring the proteomics changes under the pathological conditions and the underlying mechanisms. Construction of physiological and pathological mapping based on the human proteome contributes to revealing the novel treatment targets, diagnostic markers, and drugs for the prevention and treatment of diseases. Proteomics has become the frontier and hot research field both at home and abroad, including al the proteins expressed in the tissue, cel or organism, and becomes a bridge between the genome and clinical application.

18.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2442-2444, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498068

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the apoptosis effect of ischemic postconditioning on levels of IL-6 and ATP during renal ischemia/reperfusion injury in obstructive jaundice rats. Methods One hundred SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: the Sham control group , I/R group , OJ-Sham group , OJ-I/R group , and OJ- I/R+IPO group, with 20 cases in each group. According to the time after ischemia/reperfusion, each group was divided into four subgroups (n = 5), with reperfusion time of 0 h, 1 h, 3 h, 6 h, respectively. After 1 week of biliary obstruction , rats were sacrificed at 0 h , 1 h , 3 h , 6 h post-I/R , and the left kidneys were taken, renal tissue was used for determination of the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and adenosinetriphosphate (ATP). Results Compared with the OJ-I/R group, the serum level of BUN,Cr decreased significantly in the OJ-I/R-IPO group (P < 0.05). Conclusion Ischemic postconditioning can reduce the injury of kidney ischemia-reperfusion in OJ rais , which may be related to the reduced inflammation reaction and the energy metabolism in the kidney.

19.
Journal of Kunming Medical University ; (12): 82-84, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509371

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of probiotics on the blood lipid metabolism of elderly patients with coronary artery disease (CHD).Methods The clinical data of 100 elderly CHD patients who were admitted in our hospital from May 2012 ~November 2015 were collected.The enrolled patients were randomly divided into observation group and control group,50 cases in each group.All patients were routinely given medication for secondary prevention of CHD,patients in the observation group were additionally given oral probiotics.Then we observed the changes in the lipid levels of patients before and after 12 weeks treatment.Results The serum total cholesterol (TC),triglyceride (TG),low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) of patients in the observation group were improved more significantly than the control group,the difference was significant (P<0.05).The serum total High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was improved more significantly than the control group.Conclusion Probiotics adjuvant therapy can significantly improve the blood lipid indexes in elderly CHD patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 740-744, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506532

ABSTRACT

The stem cell is a class of primitive cells with self?renewal,and multiple pluripotent potential capacities,which can differentiate into multiple specialized cells and generate human organs and tissues. Stem cell therapy is an interventional treatment that introduces new stem cells to damaged tissues,which facilitates the regeneration of trauma,disease and ageing?in?duced damaged human tissues to repair or replace the damaged tissues,thereby achieving the goal of disease treatment. It has been proved that the stem cell therapy is effective in the treatment of multiple human diseases,including cancer,diabetes,neu?rological disorders,autoimmune diseases,cardiovascular disorders and blood diseases. This review summarizes the advances in the research of stem cell therapy for human parasitic infections.

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