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Journal of Medical Research ; (12): 111-113, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464206


Objective To establish the PDGF-BB-induced proliferation of rat pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells(PASMCs), and investigate the effects of the AMPK agonist AICAR on the cell cycle of PASMCs, in order to search new drugs for prevention of pulmo-nary vascular remodeling. Methods 20ng/ml PDGF-BB was used to induced the proliferation of PASMCs, and the effect of 0. 5mmol/L AICAR on the proliferation of PASMCs was observed. Western blot was used to detect the total and phosphorylated AMPK. The prolifer-ation of PASMCs was determined by CCK-8. The mRNA expression of cyclinD1, cyclinE and CDK2/4/6 were detected by flow cytometry analysis cell cycle,quantitative real-time PCR. Results Western blot Results indicated AICAR could promote the activation of AMPK. CCK-8 test Results showed that AICAR blocked the proliferation of PASMCs induced by PDGF-BB. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that AICAR arrested the cell cycle in G0/G1 to S phase. RT-PCR Results demonstrated that AICAR inhibited the mRNA expression of cy-clinD1, cyclinE and CDK2/4/6. Conclusion The AMPK agonist AICAR can block the proliferation of PASMCs induced through arrest cell cycle in G0/G1-S phase by regulation the mRNA expression of cyclin D1, cyclinE, CDK2/4/6, and AICAR has a potential applica-tion in preventing pulmonary vascular remodeling.

Journal of Audiology and Speech Pathology ; (6): 568-572, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458123


Objective The study aimed to study and translate the English edition of HHIE-S into Chinese, and verify the reliability and validity of the scale.Methods The Chinese scale was formed by translation,back-translation,revision and other steps.A total of 170 elder sujbects with normal hearing and presbycusis were sur-veyed.One to two weeks later,they were resurveyed.ResuIts The Chinese version of HHIE-S included 10 entries which were completely retained for their strong correlations.The scale had two subscales:emotional and situation-al,the Cronbach's αcoefficient of the scale were 0.889 and 0.924,respectively,the total coefficient was 0.935;the split-half reliability outcomes of the two subscales were 0.836 and 0.903.The total split -half reliability was 0.836 and the test-retest reliabilities of the two subscales and the ten items were between 0.749 and 0.921.The total scale was was 0.963.For the validity test:the correlation between the ten items and two subscales were 0.750 and 0.927,the correlation between the ten items and the total were 0.659 and 0.878,respectively.The varimax ro-tation factor analysis identified two principal factors:emotional subscale and situational subscale.The two factors would be used to explain 73.874% of the ten items.The factor loadings of 10 entries in the scale were all between 0.684 and 0.871 and the factor loadings of all entries on the corresponding factors were greater than 0.60,consist-ent with the source scale.The average hearing threshold was considered as the gold standard,the two subscales and the total scale were positively correlated to the pure-tone average.ConcIusion The Chinese version of HHIE-S conformed to the characteristics of Chinese culture,and easily accepted by elderly people.The scale had stable structure,satisfactory reliability and validity,provided the basis for a preliminary hearing screening of elder Chinese.

Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2703-2706, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453161


Objective To assess the dynamic changes of bacteria culture of patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM ) preoperative ,intraoperative ,and postoperative the mastoidectomy .Methods Secretions or tissues in 86 CSOM patients were collected for bacterial culture and drug sensitivity tests ,and analyzed the rusults between cholesteatoma group and nonchol-esteatoma group .Results Hospitalized CSOM patients with positive culture rates preoperatively ,intraoperatively and postopera-tively were 75 .6% ,41 .9% and 1 .2% respectively ;Before the mastoidectomy ,positive bacteria ,positive fungus and no pathogenic bacteria were found correspondingly 49 .1% ,25 .0% and 28 .6% of positive bacteria during the surgery .Culture positive rates be-tween the cholesteatoma group and noncholesteatoma group were significantly different intraoperatively (P0 .05) .Different bacteria showed different drug sensitivity results .Conclusion Intraoperative bacteriological results shows the different bacteria and drug sensitivity from the preoperative bacteriological results ;CSOM patients with cholesteatoma are more likely to develop bacteria ;it is necessary to carry out dynamic detection on bacterial culture and drug sensitivity tests before ,during and after the surgery .