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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 981-985, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867351

ABSTRACT

Since the two-child policy has been fully liberalized, the number of elderly women has increased, and the widespread application of assisted reproductive technology has increased the proportion of high-risk pregnancy year by year, which adds new challenges to obstetric work. High-risk pregnancy not only increases the risk of pregnancy complications, but also threatens the health of mother and child. Prenatal screening and pregnancy care for high-risk pregnant women are essential to ensure their safety through pregnancy and delivery. In recent years, with the continuous improvement of prenatal screening and hierarchical medical system, high-risk pregnant women have received more intensive monitoring and active intervention. At the same time, the promotion of Internet + hospitals has also achieved initial results in the field of obstetrics, which has increased the convenience of perinatal health care services. However, there are still differences in maternal health status between urban and rural areas and among different regions, and the supply capacity of maternal and child health services needs to be improved. In terms of reducing maternal and perinatal mortality, obstetric workers and maternal women still need to work together to improve the management of high-risk pregnancies, prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes, and ensure the safety of mothers and infants.

2.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 730-733,739, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615554

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of pioglitazone on secretion of E2 and expressions of P450 aromatase (P450arom), insulin-receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), and insulin-receptor substrate-2 (IRS-2) mRNA in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) ovarian granulosa cells.Methods In this study, granulosa cells that were fertilization-embryo transferred from 27 PCOS patients were primary cultured in vitro with different concentrations of pioglitazone (0, 10, 102, 103 and 104nmol/L) (Group A), different concentrations of pioglitazone+FSH (50ng/L, Group B) and different concentrations of pioglitazone+insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I, 50ng/L, Group C).Estradiol concentrations in the culture supernatant were detected by radioimmunoassay;P450arom, IRS-1 and IRS-2 mRNA expressions on granulosa cells were detected by Real-time PCR.Results The levels of E2 secreted by granulosa cells and the expression of P450arom mRNA on granulosa cells of PCOS for 48 hours were different among Groups A, B and C (P<0.05).With increase in pioglitazone concentration, the level of E2 and the expression of P450arom mRNA declined, some of which correlated negatively with the concentration of pioglitazone.Among these groups, the level of E2 secretion and the expression of P450arom mRNA were higher in Group C than in Group B (P<0.01) and Group A (P<0.01) at the same concentration of pioglitazone.The level of E2 secretion and the expression of P450arom mRNA were higher in Group B than in Group A (P<0.05) at the same concentration of pioglitazone.The expressions of IRS-1 and IRS-2 mRNA on granulosa cells of PCOS under pioglitazone stimulation for 48 hour were different among the groups of different pioglitazone concentrations (P<0.05).With increase inpioglitazone concentration, the expression of IRS-1 mRNA on granulosa cells of PCOS was decreased, but the expression of IRS-2 mRNA on granulosa cells of PCOS was increased.Conclusion Pioglitazone may decrease estrogen production by inhibiting p450 aromatase and adjusting the expressions of IRS-1 and IRS-2 on granulosa cells of PCOS to play a role in ovulation induction and ameliorate insulin resistance in ovary of PCOS.Pioglitazone can inhibit IGF-I and FSH in inducing E2 secretion by ovarian granulosa cells.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1299-1301, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662703

ABSTRACT

Hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy is a disease which threatened maternal and children health worldwide.Nutrients are closely related to the occurrence and development of hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy.Excessive weight gain or obesity during pregnancy will greatly increase the risk of pregnancy complications.Balanced diet structure,proper intake of energy,and control of weight gain can effectively reduce the incidence of hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy.Folic acid supplementation is expected to be an effective way to prevent preeclampsia.Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy helps to control blood pressure,blood sugar,and blood lipids.Calcium,iron,zinc,selenium and other trace elements may be related to the incidence of hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy.Nutrients supplements during pregnancy may be helpful to prevent the occurrence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1299-1301, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660569

ABSTRACT

Hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy is a disease which threatened maternal and children health worldwide.Nutrients are closely related to the occurrence and development of hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy.Excessive weight gain or obesity during pregnancy will greatly increase the risk of pregnancy complications.Balanced diet structure,proper intake of energy,and control of weight gain can effectively reduce the incidence of hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy.Folic acid supplementation is expected to be an effective way to prevent preeclampsia.Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy helps to control blood pressure,blood sugar,and blood lipids.Calcium,iron,zinc,selenium and other trace elements may be related to the incidence of hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy.Nutrients supplements during pregnancy may be helpful to prevent the occurrence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy.

5.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 749-752,757, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602742

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the plasmid pSilencer4.1/HtrA1 and stably transfect human trophoblastic cell line HPT-8.Methods We detected the expression of HtrA1 in cell line HPT-8 with immunohistochemical SABC,constructed the plasmid pSilencer4.1/HtrA1,transfected human trophoblastic cell line HPT-8 with plasmid pSilencer4.1/HtrA1 and negative plasmid pSilencer4.1, and observed the cell expression after transfection. Results About 90% of cellular cytoplasm of HPT-8 was dyed brown while the nucleus was negatively stained. Selective concentration of G418 was 200 μg/mL for HPT-8 to be transfected pSilencer4.1/HtrA1.With RT-PCR and Western blot methods,the expression of HPT-8 transfected plasmid Psilence4.1/HtrA1 was significantly downregulated compared with that of cells with negative plasmid and normal cells (P 0.05).Conclusion We successfully constructed stable trophoblastic cell line HPT-8/ pSilencer4.1-HtrA1 with silenced expression of HtrA1,which lays foundation for further research.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 713-718, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465355

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the clinical significance of microRNA-26a-5p (miR-26a-5p)-regulated mye-loid cell leukemia-1 (MCL-1) expression in the development of maternal preeclampsia.METHODS:Plasma and placen-tal tissues were collected from 21 cases of normal pregnancy, 13 cases of maternal gestational hypertension, 15 cases of mild preeclampsia and 26 cases of severe preeclampsia.The levels of plasma and placental miR-26a-5p and placental MCL-1 mRNA were detected by real-time PCR.Western blotting analysis was used to determine the protein expression of placen-tal MCL-1.The clinical significance of the above parameters was also analyzed.RESULTS:miR-26a-5p expression gradu-ally increased(P<0.01) in the 4 groups of maternal plasma and placentas with the disease development, and the mRNA expression of MCL-1 was significantly reduced in the placentas (P<0.01), both showing a significant negative correlation (P<0.01).Meanwhile, the expression of miR-26a-5p and MCL-1 protein in the placental tissues was negatively correla-ted (P<0.01).The miR-26a-5p up-regulation in maternal plasma and placental tissues was negatively correlated with ges-tational age, maternal plasma albumin levels and fetal weight, while it was positively correlated with maternal blood pres-sure and urinary protein level (P<0.01), which was in contrary to the down-regulation of placental MCL-1.CONCLU-SION:Up-regulation of miR-26a-5p is involved in the occurrence and development of preeclampsia by down-regulation of MCL-1.

7.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 270-272, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-553173

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively analyze the fetal lung echo and right lung volume in the third trimester by real-time three-dimensional ultrasound (3-D US) and evaluate the feasibility of fetal lung maturity. Methods A total of 732 women with normal singleton pregnancies between 28 and 42 weeks of gestation underwent ultrasound examination. The 3-D US equipment with a 3.5-5MHz transabdominal transducer was used for the fetal biometric measurement. The echogenicity ratio between fetal lung and liver was compared. The fetal lung volume was calculated by the rotational multiplanar technique for volume measurement (VOCAL). Results The right fetal lung volume increased with the increase of gestational age with a linear positive correlation (r=0.884, P<0.01). After 34 weeks, the echogenicity ratio of fetal lung to liver was more than 1.1. Conclusion The echogenicity of lung/liver and fetal lung volume could be used as normal fetal predictable indicators for fetal lung maturity.

8.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 260-264, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-553172

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the inhibitory action of docetaxel (DOC) on the proliferation of HeLa and SiHa cells. Methods Cell morphological changes were observed with inverted phase contrast microscope. MTT was adopted to test and calculate the cell inhibition ratio. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle. Results DOC had an obvious concentration-dependent inhibitory effect on the proliferation of both HeLa and SiHa cells. The inhibition ratio of DOC on SiHa was significantly higher than that on HeLa (P<0.05). DOC blocked HeLa at G2/M phase. Under the effect of DOC, the cell cycle of SiHa was not changed much. Conclusion DOC has an obvious inhibitory action on both HeLa and SiHa cells, which shows a promising prospect of DOC in clinical treatment of cervical cancer.

9.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 97-101, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404401

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) and matrix metalloproteinase-10 (MMP-10) in normal endometrium, atypical hyperplasia and endometrial adenocarcinoma. We aimed to study the relationship of MMP-3 and MMP-10 expressions with infiltration depth, histologic grade and clinical phase in order to explore the role of MMP-3 and MMP-10 in the occurrence, infiltration and metastasis of endometrial adenocarcinoma. Methods The expressions of MMP-3 and MMP-10 were measured by immunohistochemistry in 12 cases of normal endometrium, 12 cases of atypical hyperplasia and 42 cases of endometrial adenocarcinoma. Results The expression of MMP-3 was 73.8% (31/42), 25.0% (3/12) and 8.3% (1/12) in endometrial adenocarcinoma, atypical hyperplasia and normal endometrium, respectively, whereas the expression of MMP-10 was 76.2% (32/42), 33.3% (4/12) and 0(0/12), respectively. Both MMP-3 and MMP-10 expressions exhibited a pattern of decreased intensity in endometrial carcinoma, atypical hyperplasia and normal endometrium. Furthermore, the statistical analysis showed that the expression of both proteins was significantly greater in endometrial carcinoma than in atypical hyperplasia and normal tissue (P<0.01). Expressions of MMP-3 and MMP-10 had a significant correlation with such clinical parameters as histologic grade, depth of myometrial infiltration and clinical stage (P<0.01). Conclusion MMP-3 and MMP-10 can be used as tumor markers of endometrial carcinoma, and the combined detection of them can increase the detection rate of endometrial carcinoma.

10.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 227-230, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403935

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of pioglitazone on serum adipocytokines (leptin, resistin and adiponectin) in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients with insulin resistance (IR). Methods Thirty-five PCOS patients with IR were treated with pioglitazone 15mg/d for 12 weeks. The results of ovulation induction were observed. The changes of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), fasting serum insulin (FINS), serum levels of leptin, resistin and adiponectin, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone (T), and blood fat were examined at the baseline and after the therapy by enzyme-linked immunosorbentassay (ELISA) and radioimmunoassay (RIA). Results After 12 weeks' treatment, menstruation and rate of ovulation per cycle were improved in 35 (88.5%) PCOS patients with IR. Waist/hip ratio and F-G score were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and BMI declined with no significant difference (P>0.05). The levels of LH, T, FINS, HOMA-IR, total cholesterol, triglyceride and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol were significantly decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05) after treatment; high density lipoprotein-cholesterol level was significantly increased (P<0.01) after treatment. However, there were no significant differences in FSH and FPG (P>0.05). The levels of serum leptin and resistin were decrease than before (P<0.05), and the level of serum adiponectin was increased (P<0.05). Conclusion Pioglitazone can effectively improve clinical syndromes, insulin sensitivity, glucose and lipid metabolism of PCOS patients with IR. Adipocytokines (leptin, adiponectin and resistin) as regulators of insulin metabolism are involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance in PCOS. Pioglitazone treatment can decrease plasma glucose level and improve insulin sensitivity at least partly through improving the profiles of adipocytokines.

11.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 59-62, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621626

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of pioglitazone on serum leptin and adiponectin in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients with insulin resistance (IR). Methods Thirty-five PCOS patients with IR were treated with pioglitazone 15mg/d for 12 weeks. The results of ovulation induction were observed. The changes of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), fasting serum insulin (FINS), serum levels of leptin, adiponectin, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone (T) and blood fat were examined at the baseline and after the therapy by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and radioimmunoassay (RIA). Results After the treatment, the rate of ovulation per cycle was improved in 31 (88.5%) out of the 35 patients. After treatment, the level of serum leptin was decreased (P<0.05) while the level of serum adiponectin was increased (P<0.05). After 12 weeks'treatment, waist-to-hip ratio and F-G score were significantly decreased (P<0.05), BMI declined but without significant difference (P>0.05). The levels of LH, T, FINS, Homa-IR, total cholesterol, triglyceride and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol were significantly decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), whereas the level of high density lipoprotein-cholesterol was significantly increased (P<0.01). No significant difference was seen in FSH and FPG following treatment (P>0.05). Conclusion Pioglitazone treatment can effectively improve PCOS with IR patients'clinical syndromes, insulin sensitivity, glucose and lipid metabolism at least partly through improving the profiles of leptin and adiponectin.

12.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 735-737,765, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-583847

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the expression and clinical significance of E26 transformation specific-1 in premature rupture of fetal membranes. Methods Fetal membranes from 75 women in the following categories were analyzed for Ets-1 expression: preterm and term premature rupture of fetal membranes; 70 women (control group) with term cesarean sections and without complications. Ets-1 protein was localized with the use of immunohistochemical S-P method. Results Ets-1 protein was expressed in both the nucleus and cytoplasm of trophoblast of human fetal membranes, with more obvious expression in the nucleus. Ets-1 protein's expression was up-regulated in the trophoblast of fetal membranes with premature rupture, which differed significantly from the control group (P<0.05). Ets-1 protein's expression was up-regulated in the trophoblast of fetal membranes with preterm premature rupture, which did not differ significantly from the control group (P>0.05). Conclusion Ets-1 is expressed in human fetal membranes and its expression is up-regulated with premature rupture of fetal membranes, suggesting a role for Ets-1 in extracellular matrix remodeling of the membranes. This study provides an evidence to predict premature rupture of fetal membrances.

13.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-525388

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of glucose transporter(GLUT) expression in human term placenta when complicated with fetal growth restriction (FGR) and its correlation with maternal serum cortisol level. Methods Twenty pregnant women with FGR and 24 normal pregnant control were selected. The distribution of GLUT_1 in human placenta was detected by immunohistochemistry and the serum cortisol level by radioimmunoassay before delivery.The birth weight and the placental weight were measured at delivery. Results The expression of GLUT_1 in FGR group was lower than that of the control (149.8?8.2 vs 155.9?6.5, P

14.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518404

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of nimodipine (NIM) on pregnancy induced hypertension(PIH) and to assesse the effects of nimodipine on intraplatelet free calcium(PF[Ca 2+ ] i). Methods Fourty eight patients with moderate or severe PIH were randomized to receive either NIM or magnesium sulfate. We observed the change of blood pressure, urc protein, PF[Ca 2+ ] i and symptoms of preeclampsia before and after medication. We compared the pregnancy outcome of the two groups. Results 1.There was significant reduction of blood pressure at 1/2 h?1 h and 2 h after the administration of nimodipine. The maternal heart rate increased significantly ( P

15.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12)1998.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673674

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the therapeutic effects of nimodipine and magnesium sulfate on severe pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) as well as the effect on plasma endotheline (ET) and serum nitric oxide (NO), in order to provide theoretical foundation for clinical treatment. Methods Forty two patients with severe PIH, being divided into 2 groups at random, were treated with nimodipine or magnesium sulfate. The changes of blood pressure, arteriole of eyeground, urine protein, ET, NO and clinical symptoms were observed respectively before and after the treatment, and the pregnancy outcomes were compared. Results (1) After the treatment of nimodipine, the serum NO of patients increased significantly from (51.72?14.64)?mol/L to (67.56?14.77)?mol/L ( P 0.05). (2) The nimodipine group took shorter time (0.5 h) to lower the blood pressure notably than the magnesium sulfate group (2 h).(3) As for the disappearing of subjective symptoms , nimodipine group (1.7? 1.3) h was quicker than magnesium sulfate group (3.4?1.7) h. Conclusions Compared with magnesium sulfate, nimodipine was better in improving and protecting the function of endotheline cells, dilating cerebral blood vessels, depressing blood pressure strongly and persistently, reducing subjective symptoms of patients and had no other side effects except increasing heart rate.

16.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6)1995.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673274

ABSTRACT

The work that the reformation of worker's medical insurance system is being put into effect is both a oppotunity and a challenge for the development and reformation of our hospital. There is a lot of things to do in the hospital, but dealing seriously with medical moral standars formation of the hospital has a role of guiding and protecting for other works to do well. Therefore, the related sections of hospital have to regard it as a important thing.

17.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6)1995.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-516485

ABSTRACT

To evaluate effects of health education on treast-feeding, studies have been conducted on 203 gravidas who were delivered of their babies in hospital. In the inteervene group, the rate of exclusively breastfeeding in the period of early sucking lates and breast-feeding according to the necessity and during the post6partum four months is higher than that of the control group, while the neonate's weight-reduction in the intervene group is lower than that of those in the control group when they leave hospital. The disparity is significant after dealt with by statistics. The study suggests that health eeeducation is on important and indispensable measure to develop breast-feeding.

18.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6)1994.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674137

ABSTRACT

Objective: to measure anxiety status and explore integrated factors about anxiety of countrywomen in Shaanxi, then put forward to suggestions for improving women's mental health under the bio - psycho - social medical model. Methods: A cross - sectional survey was adopted. 592 married countrywomen volunteers were selected by cluster random sampling from Chang'an district of Xi'an in Shaanxi province. Self - rating anxiety scale, Self - rating depression scale and Life events scale were used for assessment of mental health of the subjects. Additional, gynecologic examinations were done to measure personal reproductive health status. Results: The facts of mental status of Shaanxi rural women brook no optimism. Among the 592 samples that were investigated in current study, 25. 3% have anxiety symptoms. For the study population, the average total index score of SAS was 34. 34. Further analysis revealed that dysmenorrhea, menarche age and depression are main risk factors influencing women's anxiety status. In addition, married countrywomen's anxiety is related to sexual intercourse satisfaction, uterus motion and per capita health care spending, etc.

19.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6)1994.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674120

ABSTRACT

Objective: To find out the current situation of the reproductive health about countrywomen in west of China,and explore the factor of the reproductive health under social medicine theory framework.Methods: Summarize literature about women reproductive which have been done recently,and do 608 samples survey in Xi'an of Shaanxi,which is about the current situations of social economic,reproductive health,gynecological diseases and mental health.Results: The research clarified the primary connotation about the reproductive health of countrywomen,and identified the current situation of countrywomen reproductive health in Shaanxi province of China.Conclusion: The situation of countrywomen reproductive health is far away from the demand of strategic target of "Everyone enjoys the reproductive care since 2015",and the countrywomen are on the hip in birth control,bearing culture,acquirement of health knowledge and primary diathesis.

20.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)1988.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-567287

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of heat shock protein (HSP) 60 and analyze the significance in cervical carcinoma. Methods The cervical tissue samples of 57 cases of cervical cancer and 57 normal cervical tissues were collected. The expression of HSP60 were detected by semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The protein expressions of HSP60 were determined by Western blot analysis. To observe the relationship between HSP60 expression and the occurrence and development of cervical cancer. Results HSP60 mRNA expression in normal cervical tissue was significantly lesser than that in cervical cancer tissue (t=2.65, P0.05). The levels of HSP60 protein expression in normal cervical tissue was significantly lower than the expression in cervical cancer tissue (t=3.132, P

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