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1.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 612-617, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912933

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the survival status of rectal cancer patients with liver metastasis after receiving different treatments and its influencing factors.Methods:The clinicopathological characteristics, treatment methods and survival of 211 rectal cancer patients with liver metastasis who received different treatments in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from January 2012 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to analyze the related factors affecting the prognosis of patients.Results:The median overall survival (OS) time of 211 rectal cancer patients with liver metastasis was 19 months (1-115 months), and the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates were 66%, 22% and 10%. The OS of rectal cancer patients with metachronous liver metastasis was better than that of rectal cancer patients with simultaneous liver metastasis ( χ2 = 17.225, P < 0.01). The OS of patients with primary tumor resection was better than that of patients without primary tumor resection ( χ2 = 69.54, P < 0.01). Among patients with primary tumor resection, the OS of patients with untreated liver metastasis was worse than that of patients with interventional treatment of liver metastasis ( χ2 = 7.311, P = 0.007). Among the patients without primary tumor resection, the OS of patients with chemotherapy alone was better than that of untreated patients ( χ2 = 4.123, P = 0.042). The OS of patients with primary tumor resection and untreated liver metastasis and patients with primary tumor resection and liver metastasis intervention therapy was better than that of patients with chemotherapy alone (both P < 0.01). The results of Cox regression analysis showed that the differentiation degree of primary tumor, liver metastasis and carbohydrate antigen 199 level at diagnosis were independent factors influencing the survival of rectal cancer patients with liver metastasis (all P < 0.01). Conclusion:For patients with diagnosed rectal cancer, even if there is liver metastasis before surgery, active surgical resection of the primary tumor and local treatment of liver metastasis can still improve the survival.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 881-885, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867322

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the expression of miR-30a-5p and miR-211 in colorectal cancer tissues, and to explore the relationships between the expression of miR-30a-5p, miR-211 and the clinicopathological characteristics, prognosis of colorectal cancer.Methods:80 patients with colorectal cancer treated in our hospital from February 2013 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed, and colorectal cancer tissues and corresponding adjacent tissues (≥3 cm far from the lesion) were collected during operation. Real-time fluorescence quantitative analysis (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression levels of miR-30a-5p and miR-211 in tissues, and the relationships between the expressions of miR-30a-5p, miR-211 and the clinicopathological characteristics, prognosis of colorectal cancer patients were analyzed.Results:The expression levels of miR-30a-5p and miR-122 in colorectal cancer tissues were significantly lower than those in adjacent tissues ( P<0.05). The expression levels of miR-30a-5p and miR-211 were not related to gender, age and location of tumors ( P>0.05), but related to differentiation, size of tumors, degree of invasion, tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage and lymph node metastasis ( P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between the expressions of miR-30a-5p and miR-211 in colorectal cancer ( r=0.337, P<0.05). The 3-year survival rates of the low-expression groups of miR-30a-5p and miR-211 were significantly lower than those of the high-expression groups of miR-30a-5p and miR-211 (all P<0.05). Low differentiation, high TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, low expression of miR-30a-5p and low expression of miR-211 were independent risk factors for poor prognosis of colorectal cancer patients ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The expressions of miR-30a-5p and miR-211 are low in colorectal cancer tissues, both of them are related to the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of colorectal cancer, such as the degree of differentiation of tumors, lymph node metastasis and so on, which may play a common role in influencing the occurrence and development of colorectal cancer.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 352-357, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810603

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression of B7H3 and B7H4 in T lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia (T-LBL/ALL) in correlation with clinicopathological parameters and patient prognosis.@*Methods@#Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect the expression of B7H3 and B7H4 protein in 100 cases of T-LBL/ALL(test group) and 30 cases of lymph node reactive hyperplasia (LH) (control group), diagnosed at Shanxi Cancer Hospital from January 2001 to June 2017. Real-time RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of B7H3 and B7H4 in 50 cases of T-LBL/ALL and 30 cases of LH (control group).@*Results@#There were 79 males,21 females. Immunohistochemical results showed that the expression rates of B7H3 and B7H4 were 23%(23/100) and 54%(54/100), respectively. By real-time RT-PCR, the relative expression of B7H3 mRNA in the T-LBL/ALL group was 2.5 times of that of the LH group. The expression levels of B7H4 mRNA in T-LBL/ALL group and LH group were extremely low.Single factor analysis showed that B7H3 protein expression in T-LBL/ALL group was associated with B symptoms and primary nodal disease (P<0.05). B7H4 protein expression was associated with mediastinal broadening and bone marrow involvement (P<0.05). B7H3 protein, B7H3 mRNA, B7H4 protein expression and IPI score were associated with prognosis (P<0.05), and the combined expression of B7H3 and B7H4 was associated with T-LBL/ALL prognosis (P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that overexpression of B7H3 mRNA was an independent risk factor for the prognosis of patients with T-LBL/ALL (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Expression of B7H3 and B7H4 is closely corelated with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis of patients with T-LBL/ALL, suggesting that B7H3 and B7H4 expression play an important role in the development of T-LBL/ALL.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663660

ABSTRACT

Nine cases of colorectal lipoma who were admitted from January 2005 to December 2016 were reported.The pathological diagnosis was confirmed after surgery,and all 9 cases were cured and discharged.All patients were followed up and were alive by January 2017.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618360

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the mutation status of KRAS and PIK3CA gene in colorectal cancer (CRC) primary lesions and corresponding liver metastasis and its clinical significance.Methods The gene mutations of KRAS and PIK3CA were detected in 58 cases of primary lesions of CRC and corresponding liver metastasis tissue by real-time PCR.Results The mutation rates of KRAS were 31.03% (18/58) and 25.86% (15/58) in primary lesions of CRC and corresponding liver metastasis tissue,respectively,in which G12D was most commonly detected.The mutation rates of PIK3CA were 8.62% (5/58) and 10.34% (6/58) respectively,in which the most common mutation site was E545K.Only one case carried simultaneously both mutations of KRAS (G12D) and PIK3CA (E545K).The mutation of KRAS and PIK3CA had a good consistency between primary lesions and liver metastasis.Univariate analysis showed that the mutation of KRAS was related to the primary lesion of tumor location,the quantity of metastasis and the types of tumor (P < O.05),PIK3 CA mutation was associated with the synchronous/metachronous liver metastasis and the quantity of metastasis (P < 0.05).Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that synchronous/metachronous liver metastasis and the mutation of KRAS were influencing factors for prognosis of CRC.The overall survival of patients with CRC who had simultaneous liver metastases was longer than those with heterotopic liver metastases;the overall survival of KRAS wild-type mutant patients was longer than those of mutant patients (P < 0.05).Conclusion The G12D site of KRAS gene has the highest mutation frequency in CRC,KRAS/PIK3CA mutation has a good consistency of the primary lesions of CRC and corresponding liver metastasis.Primary lesions can be as the source of molecular detection.To achieve individualized treatment,we need to reassess the genetic status of metastasis based on the choice of targeted therapy for precision medicine.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 571-577, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358963

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the C-myc gene and protein in T lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia (T-LBL/ALL) and its relationship to prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>60 cases of T-LBL/ALL with follow-up data were studied by using immunohistochemical EnVision method for CD1a, CD3, εCD3, CD7, CD10, CD34, CD43, CD45RO, CD99, TDT, CD20, CD23, MPO, Ki-67 and C-myc. 20 cases of reactive lymph nodes were selected as normal control group of C-myc gene and protein. Fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) for C-myc gene (located on chromosome8q24) was performed to detect its breakage and gain.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 60 cases of T-LBL/ALL, immunohistochemistry results showed:the percentages of tumor cells expression of CD1a, CD3, εCD3, CD7, CD10, CD34, CD43, CD45RO, CD99 and TDT were 38.3% (23/60), 75.0% (45/60), 45.0% (27/60), 95.0% (57/60), 36.7% (22/60), 23.3% (14/60), 60.0% (36/60), 41.7% (25/60), 96.7% (58/60) and 93.3% (56/60). Separately, while CD20, CD23 and MPO were all negative. A figure of Ki-67 expression ≤ 80% was found in 36 cases and > 80% was found in 24 cases. The positive rate of C-myc protein was 66.7% (40/60) in 60 cases of T-LBL/ALL, was 0% (0/20) in 20 cases of reactivated lymphoid tissue (χ² = 26.67, P < 0.05). C-myc protein expression was positively correlated with the mediatinal width and Ki-67 index (P < 0.05). Fluorescence in-situ hybridization results showed that among the 60 cases of T-LBL/ALL, C-myc gene with breakage of 8q24 was detected in 6 cases (10.0%), and gains in 11 cases (18.3%). 20 cases of reactive lymph nodes were not occurred breakage and gains of C-myc gene. It is not significant between C-myc gene and protein expression (P > 0.05). In addition, in 60 cases of T-LBL/ALL, 12(20.0%) cases of C-myc protein and genetic abnormalities coexist. Log-rank analysis results: The prognosis of C-myc protein positive group was worse than negative group (P < 0.05). The relationship of C-myc gene and prognosis was not significant (P > 0.05). C-myc protein and genetic abnormality coexist is related with worse prognosis (P < 0.05). COX analysis results show that the C-myc protein positive group may be a independent poor prognosis factors (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>C-myc may play an important role on the development of T-LBL/ALL. It may be a independent prognosis factors.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukocyte Common Antigens , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc , Metabolism
7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 515-517,521, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602667

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine whether the CD133+ cancer stem cells lie in circumferential resection margin of rectal cancer,and to explore the relationship between CD133+ cancer stem cells and prognosis of rectal cancer.Methods The circumferential resection margin of rectal cancer was cut,one half of the tissue was stained HE for microscope observation.Both groups were labeled CD133 by immunohistochemistry.The tissues with positive circumferential resection margin were classified as experimental group,otherwise the control group.Another half was made into single cell suspension and used to detect CD133+ cancer stem cells by flow cytometry.The relapse of patients in the experimental group was following-up.Results Two cases were positive by immunohistochemistry in the experimental group (28 cases),showed that CD133+ cancer stem cells were in circumferential resection margin,but there was not marked difference compared with the control group (72 cases were all negative) (P =0.076).CD133+ cancer stem cells can be detected by flow cytometry,and the expression was higher in experimental group than that in the control group (5.19 % and 0.56 %,Z =-7.739,P < 0.01).In experimental group,the expression of CD133+ cancer stem cells in circumferential resection margin of relapse patients was significantly higher than that in patients without relapse,the difference was statistically significant [(6.57±1.72) % and (4.77±1.33) %,t =3.038,P < 0.05].Spearman rank correlation analysis showed that the proportion of CD133+ cancer stem cells in the experimental group was positively correlated with relapse (rs =0.473,P < 0.05).Conclusion There are CD133 + cancer stem cells within circumferential resection margin of rectal cancer,and the expression of CD133+ cancer stem cells in experimental group is correlated with the postoperative recurrence.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601443

ABSTRACT

Purpose To ana1yze the expression features of 5-F1uorouraci1(5-FU)metabo1ic enzyme thymidy1ate synthetase(TS),thy-midine phosphory1ase( TP),dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase( DPD)and its re1ationship with c1inicopatho1ogica1 factors and progno-sis in co1orecta1 cancer,in order to further exp1ore its potentia1 significance in guiding co1orecta1 cancer chemotherapy. Methods Es-tab1ishment of a tissue microarray containing 72 patients with co1orecta1 cancer,and 56 norma1 tissue( dista1 cut edge tissue near carci-noma)was used to detect TS,TP,and DPD by immunohistochemistry,and to ana1yze its re1ationship with c1inicopatho1ogica1 factors and prognosis of co1orecta1 cancer through statistica1 method. Results The expression of TS in co1orecta1 cancer was 1ower than that in norma1 tissue(P=0. 876),which was associated with TNM(P=0. 043)and positive1y corre1ated with patients’overa11 surviva1(P=0. 027),the expression of TP in co1orecta1 cancer was higher than that in norma1 tissue(P=0. 315)that was associated with 1ymph node metastasis(P=0. 009)and negative1y corre1ated with the prognosis of patients(P=0. 040),DPD expression in co1orecta1 canc-er was higher than that in norma1 tissue(P=0. 071),which was re1ated to the histo1ogic type(P=0. 029). Overa11 surviva1 was sig-nificant1y shortened in co1orecta1 cancer with DPD high expression( P=0. 011). Conclusions TS,TP and DPD might be app1ied as important index of prognosis in co1orecta1 cancer patients using 5-FU adjuvant chemotherapy. The expression of TS re1ated c1ose1y with the c1inica1 stage is a bio1ogica1 marker of tumor progression. TP expression is c1ose1y re1ated to 1ymph nodes metastasis and recur-rence,which is an important factor of postoperative recurrence and metastasis.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 389-393, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450936

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of anorectal malignant melanoma,in order to regulate surgical methods and explore multi-modality treatment.Methods Clinical pathological features,diagnosis and treatment procedures of 38 patients with anorectal melanoma were reviewed,and their correlation with prognosis were analyzed.Results In 38 patients,10 of them were male and 28 were female,with the mean age of 58.7 years old (ranged 28-75 years old).28 patients underwent abdominoperineal resection,10 patients underwent wide local excision.The 1-,3-,and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 64.9 %,18.5 % and 5.7 %,respectively.The 1-,3-,and 5-year overall survival rates were 85.8 %,24.1% and 6.4 %,respectively.Tumor thickness (≥ 1.51 rm) and tumor diameter (≥3 cm) were associated with lymph metastases (x2 =13.093,4.449,P =0.011,0.020),tumor thickness was also associated with distant metastases (x2 =11.965,P =0.018).According to the Kaplan-Meier method,comprehensive treatment after surgery had significant effects on disease-free survival (x2 =7.441,P =0.006).Tumor thickness,lymph metastases,and clinical staging had significant effects on overall survival (x2 =16.741,16.474,16.775,P =0.002,0.000,0.000).Cox proportional hazards model indicated that comprehensive treatment after surgery was the independent prognostic risk factors of disease-free survival (95 % CI 1.420-17.621,P =0.012).Tumor thickness and lymph metastases were the independent prognostic risk factors of overall survival (95 % CI 0.250-0.949,1.033-2.573,P =0.035,0.036).Conclusion Early detection,reasonable surgical procedure,generalized systemic focus on immunotherapy treatment are the key to improve quality of life and prolong the survival time of anorectal malignant melanoma patients.

10.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 740-742, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465814

ABSTRACT

Objective To study clinicopathologic features of ALK-positive large B-cell lymphoma.Methods The clinical data,histopathological characteristics,immunophenotype and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) result of a patient with ALK-positive large B-cell lymphoma were analyzed and discussed combined with related literatures.Results A 30-years-old male patients with the left neck lymphadenectasis was studied.Histological evaluation revealed the tumor grew in sheets in the nodal,with round nuclei,dispersed chromatin,a single prominent central nucleolus and moderate amounts of eosinophilic to amphophilic cytoplasm.The neoplastic cells exhibited immunoblastic/plasmablastic morphology.Immunohistochemistry measurement showed that the tumor cells were marked positively by CD138,ALK-1,CD45RO,CD4,Perforin,CD117 and Kappa proteins,while negatively by CD3,CD8,CD20,CD30,CD38,CD57,CD79a,Pax-5,EMA and AE1/AE3 proteins.FISH test demonstrated the presence of ALK gene translocation.The patient was given 4 cycles of CHOP chemotherapy after surgery.However,the conditions deteriorated after 4 months.Now the patient continued to receive treatment.Conclusion ALK-positive large B-cell lymphoma represents a distinct variant of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma,and the tumor has special histological features along with a distinct immunophenotype and ALK gene rearrangement.

11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 402-404, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429030

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of Her-2 protein expression and gene expression in gastric cancer by different methods,and to explore the effective approaches of Her-2 in gastric cancer detection.Methods Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to mark Her-2 protein in 68 cases of gastric cancer,and fluorescence in situ hybridization(FISH)wasused to detect the Her-2 gene amplification.Results Among 68 cases,IHC Her-2 protein in 12 cases(17.65 %)was positive expression,including ++ 3 cases ++ 9 cases,+ 7 cases and-49 cases.By FISH,Her-2 gene in 11 cases(16.17 %)was overexpression.Corresponding to the IHC results,FISH results was 3 cases(100 %),8 cases(88.89 %),0 cases,0 cases,respectively.Conclusion Her-2 protein expression and gene overexpression occur in gastric cancer.Her-2 protein expression in gastric cancer shows significant heterogeneity.Her-2 gene overexpression and Her-2 protein expression is correlated (P<0.05).The differences of Her-2 expression in gastric cancer by IHC and FISH mostly occur in IHC++ groupe.Suggestion of Her-2 gene test should be given for patients with IHC++ who will be undertaken Her-2 gene therapy.

12.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 202-205, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472308

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significance and expression of PTEN, MLL in T lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukaemia(T-LBL/ALL). Methods Seventy-six cases of T-LBL/ALL were studied by using immunohistochemical EnVision method for PTEN. Fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) for MLL gene (located on chromosome 11q23) was performed to detect its breakage and amplification. Results Among the 76 cases ofT- LBL/ALL, the positive rate of PTEN was 64.47 % (49/76), lower than that in reactivated lymphoid tissue (100 %, 20/20) (λ2= 19.220, P <0.05). PTEN expression was reversely correlated to theclinical stage, Ki-67 index and LDH level (P <0.05). Among the 76 cases, MLL gene with breakage of 11q23 was detected in 13 cases (17.11%), and amplification in 18 cases (23.68 %). Survival rate ot MLL gene breakage group was lower than that of non-breakage group (25.0 %, 43.6 %). Survival rate of MLL gene amplification group was lower than that of non-amplification group too (17.1%, 42.7 %). Both of breakage and amplification were related to prognosis ( λ 2 = 11.357, λ 2 = 4.533; P <0.05). Conclusion Anti-oncogene PTEN down-regulation may play an important role on the development and proceeding of T-LBL/ALL. MLL gene with breakage and amplification of 11q23 are helpful to predict prognosis of T-LBL/ALL. The case with MLL gene breakage and amplification of T-LBL/ALL may have a poor prognosis. It hints this group maybe a subtype of T-LBL/ALL.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389085

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and side effects between systemic chemotherapy and hepatic arterial infusion by combination of oxaliplatin and 5-fluorouracil (FOLFOX-6) with 5-fluorouracil in the patients who have developed hepatic metastasis after colorectal cancer operation. The factors that would affect the prognosis without operational treatment were also analyzed. Methods 46patients who had signed the informed consents were allocated into two groups: the group with general chemotherapy (Trial Group includes 26 cases) and the one with hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (Control Group includes 20 cases). The total effective rate, the prognosis, the cytoxicitic side effects,quality of life, the total survival rate and the responses were the main parameters determined. Kaplan-Meier was used to analyze Mono-factor to the prognostic responses and the Cox mode was used to analyze poly-factor to the prognostic responses. Results The overall survival rate was significantly higher by using systemic treatment versus HAI(median, 15. 0 v 11.2 months;P<0.05). The difference in overall responsive rate (CR+PR) between the two groups was statistically significant (50% v 10%;P=0. 011). No significant difference was found in PS scale during the treatment. (P=0. 126). Except for myelosuppression and abdominal pain, no significant difference was found in the other side effects. Univariate analysis revealed that the invasive lesions to serosa, the distribution of liver metastases, the size and number of liver metastases, primary carcinoma involving lymph nodes and the treatment were correlated with prognoses. Cox regression analysis showed that the larger diameter of liver metastases, the number of liver lesions, primary carcinomas involved in serosal layer and the treatment modules were independent prognostic factors. Conclusions The oxaliplatin-based FOLFOX-6 chemotherapy regiment has a better responsive rate and survival rate than the traditional infusion with 5-fluorouracil to the main hepatic artery for interventional therapy. The diameter of the hepatic metastasis larger than 5em, multiple hepatic metastasis and the primary lesions penetrating serosal layer suggest the poor prognosis. The oxaliplatin-based systematic chemotherapy has a better prognosis. Therefore,it is worth carrying on further study on modification of traditional hepatic arterial infusion and on evaluation of therapy by combination of the hepatic arterial infusion with the systematic chemotherapy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385425

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and clinical outcome of laparoscopic resection of rectal cancer. Methods The clinical data of 347 patients with rectal cancer who were admitted to the Shanxi Tumor Hospital from May 2004 to July 2008 were prospectively analyzed. Of all the patients, 343 met the inclusion criteria,and they were randomly allocated to laparoscope group (n = 169) and open group (n= 174). The diameter of the tumors, number of lymph node dissected, length of rectum resected, morbidity, the mean operation time, number of patients receiving blood transfusion, time to out-of-bed activity, first flatus, bowel movement and liquid diet were observed. All data were analyzed using the t test and chi-square test. The survival rate was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results The diameter of the tumors, number of lymph node dissected, length of rectum resected and number of patients receiving blood transfusion in the laparoscope group were (4.3 ± 1.3 ) cm, 7 ± 5,(19.1±2.2)cm and 4, and they were (4.2±1.3)cm, 7 ±5, (19.0±2.3)cm and 8 in the open group,respectively, with no significant difference between the two groups ( t = 0. 629, - 0. 726, 0. 562, x2 = 1. 264,P >0.05). The mean operation time in the laparoscope group was 19 minutes longer than that in the open group (t = 7. 904, P < 0.05 ). The time to out-of-bed activity, first flatus, bowel movement and liquid diet in the laparoscope group were 0.6, 0.3, 0.3 and 0.6 days earlier than those in open group( t = - 6. 392, - 3.581, - 3. 802,- 3. 493, P < 0.05 ). There were no significant differences in postoperative infection, anastomotic leakage, intestinal obstruction and deep vein thrombosis between the two groups ( x2 = 0. 236, 0. 354, 0. 000, 0. 000, P >0.05). A total of 167 patients in the laparoscope group and 172 patients in the open group had been followed upuntil 1 may, 2010. The 1-, 2-year survival rates were 94.0% and 82.6% in the laparoscope group and 95.3% and 91.2% in the open group. There was no significant difference in the 2-year survival between the two groups (x2 =0.541, P >0.05). The survival time of the patients in the laparoscope group and open group were 55.9 and 57.9 months, respectively. Conclusions Laparoscopic surgery is safe and feasible for patients with rectal cancer, with quick recovery after the operation.

15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 466-468, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383640

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) protein in patients with colorectal carcinoma and evaluate its clinicopathological significance. Methods The expression of PAK1 was detected by the immunohistochemical method (SABC) in 50 cases of colorectal carcinoma and pericancerous normal specimens, and the relationship between the expression of PAK1 protein and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed. Results The positive rate of PAK1 in colorectal carcinoma was significantly higher than that in normal pulmonary tissues (58 % vs 22 %, P <0.01), and the expression of PAK1 protein was significantly correlated to lymph node metastasis (χ2 =8.872, P =0.003) and degree of differentiation (χ2 =6.344, P =0.042), but not to tumor location, size, age and sex (P >0.05). The positive staining of PAK1 protein was mainly located in the cytoplasm of tumor cells. Conclusion Overexpression of PAK1 is closely related with tumor biological behavior and it may play important role in the development of colorectal carcinoma.

16.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 830-832, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382938

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the safety of enteral nutrition in preoperative bowel preparation for patients with colorectal carcinoma. Methods 68 patients with colorectal carcinoma were randomized into 2 groups.34 patients in the study group were applied with a kind of enteral nutrition in preoperative bowel preparation.34 patients in the control group were applied with the traditional liquid diet. Results In the study group, the change of the total sum of lymphocytes, hemoglobin, the serum total protein, albumin,prealbumin, transferrin and immune parameters CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and CD4+/CD8+ after operation had no significant difference compared with that before preoperative bowel preparation (P >0.05). But in the control group, the total sum of lymphocytes, hemoglobin and immune parameters CD+3, CD+4, CD+8 after operation had no significant difference compared with that before preoperative bowel preparation, the serum total protein [(65.35±3.02) g/L],albumin [(32.5±1.98) g/L], prealbumin [(221.02±22.45) mg/L], transferrin [(2.12±0.2) g/L] and CD+4/CD+8 (1.14±1.98) were significantly lower after operation than that before preoperative bowel preparation [(69.43±3.21) g/L, (35.43±2.45) g/L, (236.54±18.45) mg/L, (2.31±0.03) g/L, 1.53±2.45] (P <0.05). Conclusion Enteral nutrition could be applied to the preoperation bowel preparation and replace the traditional liquid diet. As a simple way, it can make the colon clear, improve the nutrition and immunity status of the patients.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 341-342,345, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-541130

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of pathology factors and prognosis of gastrointestinal stroma tumors (GIST). Methods The expression of CD117, CD34, SMA, S-100 and Ki-67 in 91 GIST cases were studied by Envision method of immunohistocbemistory;Sequently, the relationship of the location, the size, the hemorrhage, cellular necrosis, stroma mucus, the mitosis, Ki-67 expression and the prognosis were analyzed by SPSS 12.0. Results The positive rate of CD117, CD34, SMA, S-100 were 80.21%, 73.63 %, 34.07 %, 7.69 % respectively. There had significant difference between the location, the mitosis, Ki-67 expression and the prognosis; but no significant difference between the location, the hemorrhage, cellular necrosis, stroma mucus, CD117 expression and the prognosis. Conclusion The tumor's size, mitosis, and Ki-67 expression are associated with prognosis; CD117 expression and prognosis. Even more, Ki-67 expression may be a more precise factor to judge the tumor's biological behaviour compared to the mitosis. As a wally classified method, the Flecther classification is worth to spread.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593740

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the long-term survival rate and safety of laparoscopic surgery(LS)with those of open surgery(OS)in the treatment of colorectal cancer by using Meta-analysis.Methods Randomized controlled trails reported between January 1991 and July 2007 comparing the outcomes of LS and OS in patients with colorectal cancer were collected and analyzed by using RevMan4.2.Results Totally,14 reports involving 4989 colorectal cancer patients were enrolled in this study.Significant difference was found in the morbidity rate of bowel adhesion between the two groups(P=0.002).The long-term outcomes,including the 3-and 5-year survival rates,and the rates of local recurrence and distant metastasis,were not significantly different between the two groups.Conclusions Laparoscopic surgery is effective and safe for colorectal cancer with a similar long-term survival rate as that of the open surgery.

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