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1.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 438-442, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712846

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of chloroquine on death receptor 5 (DR5) expression of hepatocellular carcinoma Huh7 cells and cell proliferation and apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL).Methods Huh7 cells were divided into four groups:the control group (1∶1 000 dimethyl sulfoxide),TRAIL group (50 μg/L),chloroquine group (10 μmol/L) and TRAIL +chloroquine group (TRAIL 50 μg/L + chloroquine 10 μmol/L).Thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to determine the proliferation activity of cells,immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of DR5,4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining was used to observe cell apoptosis and Western blot was used to detect the expression of cleaved poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP).Results TRAIL treatment could decrease Huh7 cells proliferation activity;when compared with the cell viability in the control group,the cell proliferation inhibition rate of chloroquine group,TRAIL group and TRAIL+ chloroquine group was (89±8) %,(53±10) % and (27±7) %,respectively;compared with TRAIL group alone,cell proliferation activity was decreased in TRAIL+ chloroquine group (t =3.922,P =0.017).The expression of DR5 was upregulated in chloroquine group,and the cell apoptosis signaling was activated in TRAIL + chloroquine group.The cell apoptosis rate of TRAIL group and TRAIL + chloroquine group was (10.0±2.3) % and (20.4±4.0) %,respectively,and there was a statistical difference (t =3.894,P =0.018).Conclusion Chloroquine can enhance the cell chemosensitivity to TRAIL treatment by upregulating the expression of DR5 in Huh7 cells.

2.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 377-379, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960616

ABSTRACT

@#ObjectiveTo explore the effect of system reading therapy on alexia after stroke.Methods104 stroke patients with alexia were divided into two groups: observation group(51) and control group(53). General speech training were used for the two groups, while the observation group received system reading training at the same time, all for 30 minutes, once a day for 1 month. Chineses Standard Aphasic Examination was applied to assess the reading ability before and 1 month after treatment.ResultsThere are three kinds of alexia in the patients: frontal alexia, alexia with agaphia, and subcortical aphasic alexia. Reading ability improved in the two groups (P<0-01), but the observation group was better than the control group(P<0-05).ConclusionSystem reading therapy is very helpful to improve reading ability of stroke patients with alexia.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-589649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the distribution and drug resistance of pathogenic bacteria which caused respiratory infection among suscepted patients and offer scientific basis for reasonable usage of antibiotics.METHODS Oropharyngeal swabs among 709 cases of respiratory infection neonates were investigated by the routine methods and drug resistance was analyzed by K-B method.RESULTS Totally 438 bacterial strains were isolated from 709 neonates.most of these bacteria were Gram-negative bacilli(70.3%),among which Haemophilus influenzae and Klebsiella pneumoniae were accounted for 39.8% and 10.3%,respectively;fungi and Gram-positive cocci were accounted for 23.5% and 6.2%.CONCLUSIONS Most strains present higher resistance rates to penicillin and ampicillin;but cefoxitin,amikacin,vancomycin,imipenem and the third generation cephalosporins are revealed with higher sensitivity rates for pathogenic bacteria in newborns.

4.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588364

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To understand the distribution of pathogen in very-low-birth-weight or preterm infants septicemia in early-onset and late-onset and drug sensitivity.METHODS Bacterial isolates from inpatients of very-low-birth-weight or preterm infants septicemia over a period of 3 years were retrospectively analyzed,and classified as when septicemia was happened.RESULTS The positive rate of isolates was 43.2% in 970 samples of very-low-birth-weight or preterm infants septicemia.Most of the sepsis detected by blood culture was late-onset neonatal sepsis(58.6%).Pathogen of late-onset neonatal sepsis mostly was Gram-positive cocci,Staphylococcus were found to be the most common isolates(80.5%).In early-onset sepsis group,the isolates rates of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria were mostly in proportion,there were 52.4% and 47.6%,respeitively.The resistance rate of late-onset sepsis group was higher than that of early-onset one.CONCLUSIONS The key of curing infants septicemia is that we should master the distribution of pathogen of very-low-birth-weight or preterm infants septicemia in early-onset and late-onset and drug sensitivity.Antimicrobial therapy should be initiated under the guidance of anti-microbial sensitivity test,in order to avoid abuse of antimicrobial.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1248-1250, 2002.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282133

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association of cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) gene A/G polymorphism with susceptibility to diabetes mellitus in Han Chinese.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An A/G transition at position 49 of exon 1 was analyzed in 31 patients with type 1 diabetes, 31 patients with type 2 diabetes, and 36 controls were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A highly significant increase in the frequency of the G allele was seen in patients with type 1 diabetes compared with controls (66.1 % vs. 34.7%, respectively; P < 0.0005; OR = 3.670) . This reflected an increase in the GG genotype in patients (48.4% vs. 22.2%, respectively; P =0.025; OR =3.281) and a significant decrease in the AA genotype (16.1 % vs. 52.8%, respectively; P = 0.002). The allele frequencies of A and G in patients with type 2 diabetes were not significantly different from controls(A/G, 50.0/50.0% vs. 65.3/34.7%; P = not significant) . The distribution of genotype, however, differed significantly. This difference reflected an increase in the AG genotype in patients (54.8% vs.25.0%, respectively; P=0.012; OR=3.643) and a decrease in the AA genotype (22.6% vs. 52.8%, respectively; P=0.011).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CTLA-4 49 AA is protective from diabetes mellitus, whereas, CTLA-4 49 G allele (both as homozygotes and as heterozygotes ) confers an increased risk of diabetes mellitus.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Abatacept , Antigens, CD , Antigens, Differentiation , Genetics , CTLA-4 Antigen , China , Ethnology , Diabetes Mellitus , Genetics , Immunoconjugates , Polymorphism, Genetic
6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 224-227, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410695

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the preparation of pulsatile release tablets, the release of the drug in vitro and the pharmacokinetics in vivo . Methods: Dil tiazem hydrochloride(DIL) was used as model drug. The pulsatile release tabl e ts were prepared by dry-coated method with carnauba wax, bee wax and hydrophil i c cellulose as coating materials. The effects of formulation and technology on t he release characteri stic of diltiazem hydrochloride was investigated. The mechanism of pulsatile rel ease of the drug was proved by erosion test. The pharmacokinetic study on four h uman subjects was done by means of HPLC measurement. Results: In vitro , delayed-release ti me t 10 was 2.1 h, the maximum release time t rm 4.0 h and t he pulsed-releas e time t 10-90 1.7 h. In vivo , delayed-release time t la g was 5.7 h, the p eak time 8.5 h and the pulsed-release time 2.6 h. Conclusion: The rele ase of drug from pulsatile-released tablets of diltiazem hydrochloride was in a pulsed way both in vitro and in vivo .

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-535664

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine whether pupil response to dilute tropicamide could be used as a diagnostic test for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods Pupil diameters of both eyes were measured simultaneously by an infra red automatic pupil diameter recorder and analyzer every 0 1 second for 30 minutes after instillation of 0 01% tropicamide to one eye and normal saline to the other. Three groups of patients were studied: 52 patients with AD, 33 with vascular dementia (VD), and 58 elderly controls. The percent change in pupil diameter of the treated eye was examined automatically by the analyzer. After finding the cut off point for differential diagnosis by receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC), its sensitivity, specificity and Kappa coefficient were calculated. Results Mean percent change in diameters of the treated eye showed a trend of fastest maximum dilation in AD group, and was significantly different from other groups at all the measurement time points after 10th minute instillation. The difference was most significant at the 18th minute after instillation, and 15% was used as a cut off point, the sensitivity was 0 81,specificity 0 79 0 82, and Kappa coefficient 0 62 0 67. Conclusions Pupil dilation test could be used as a screening method in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, or as a tool for differential diagnosis between AD and VD.

8.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6)1995.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-581644

ABSTRACT

The effects of interferon-? (IFN-?) on chronic myelogenous leukemia cells were studied in vitro by long-term bone marrow culture(LTBMC). There were no inhibition of cellularity from non-adherent layers and formation of adherent layers, however, CFU-GM from non-adherent layers was inhibited at IFN-? 103U/ml and 104 U/ml groups, when IFN-?was added only at initiation of culture. If IFN-? was continuously added weekly, the cellularity and CFU-GM of non-adherent layers were significantly inhibited, and the formation of adherent layers was inversely associated with the increasing concentration of IFN-?. in addition, Ph(+) cells in non-adherent layers were disappeared early and the percentage of Ph(-) population was increased with the combination of IFN-? and LTBMC. It is concluded that IFN-?selectively inhibits the later CFU-GM of CML cells and the development of stromal cells, the combination of IFN-?and LTBMC might exert a synergically purging effect on Ph(+) CML cells

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