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1.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 334-341, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999875

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss (ALHL) is thought to have a different etiology from that of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. We hypothesized that endolymphatic hydrops (EH) in the inner ear organ contributes to ALHL, even in patients without vertigo. This study investigated the presence of EH in ALHL and compared the clinical characteristics of patients with or without EH. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 38 patients diagnosed with ALHL without vertigo from January 2017 to March 2022. EH was measured in all patients using inner ear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In addition, we selected patients who showed only mid- or high-frequency hearing loss and had available MRI data as a control group and compared the ALHL and control groups. @*Results@#After treatment, the pure-tone average at low frequencies significantly improved compared to the initial hearing (P<0.001). Hearing recovery was observed in 63.1% of patients; however, the recovery rate did not differ based on the treatment method. During the follow-up period, six patients (15.8%) progressed to Meniere’s disease, and 18 (47.4%) experienced recurrence. In the ALHL group, the cochlear hydrops ratio on the affected side (0.34±0.09) was significantly higher than on the contralateral side (0.29±0.12) (P=0.005), and most patients showed hydrops in the apex area of the cochlea. Compared with the control group (0.25±0.15), the ALHL group showed a significantly higher cochlear hydrops ratio (P=0.043). The correlation analysis showed a tendency for hearing thresholds at low frequencies to increase as the hydrops ratio increased, albeit without statistical significance. @*Conclusion@#The cochlear hydrops ratio, especially in the apex area on the affected side, was significantly higher in patients with ALHL, suggesting that EH in the cochlea contributes to the pathogenesis of ALHL.

2.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 251-258, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999856

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The aim of this study was to determine the most effective treatment approach by comparing the impacts of various otolith reduction techniques in patients with apogeotropic lateral semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (LC-BPPV). @*Methods@#We performed a multicenter randomized prospective study from January to December 2015, involving 72 consecutive patients with apogeotropic LC-BPPV. The patients were divided into three treatment groups: therapeutic head-shaking (group A), the Gufoni-Appiani maneuver (group B), and the cupulolith repositioning maneuver (CuRM; group C). Each group underwent evaluation and treatment up to the fourth week. Treatment success was defined as the disappearance of positional vertigo and nystagmus. @*Results@#This study included 72 patients (49 male and 23 female), with a mean (±standard deviation) age of 55.4±13.5 years. The mean duration of vertigo experienced prior to treatment was 3.9±4.4 days. The mean latency and duration of nystagmus were 2.7±3.0 seconds and 47.9±15.8 seconds, respectively. The overall treatment frequency was 2.0±0.9. The number of treatments differed significantly among the three groups (P0.05). However, CuRM was the only method with a 100% treatment success rate. @*Conclusion@#While no clear difference was observed among the three treatments for LC-BPPV, CuRM was found to be superior to the other approaches in the long term.

3.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 69-76, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925717

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. This study was conducted to evaluate the user satisfaction, efficacy, and safety of round window (RW) vibroplasty using the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) in patients with persistent mixed hearing loss after mastoidectomy. @*Methods@#. The study included 27 patients (mean age, 58.7 years; age range, 28–76 years; 11 men and 16 women) with mixed hearing loss after mastoidectomy from 15 tertiary referral centers in Korea. The VSB was implanted at the RW. The Korean translation of the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB) questionnaire and the Korean version of the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (K-IOI-HA) questionnaire were used to evaluate user satisfaction as the primary outcome. The secondary outcome measures were audiological test results and complication rates. @*Results@#. The mean scores for ease of communication (61.3% to 29.7% to 30.2%), reverberation (62.1% to 43.1% to 37.4%), and background noise (63.3% to 37.7% to 34.3%) subscales of the APHAB questionnaire significantly decreased after VSB surgery. The mean K-IOI-HA scores at 3 and 6 months after surgery were significantly higher than the mean preoperative score (18.6 to 27.2 to 28.1). The postoperative VSB-aided thresholds were significantly lower than the preoperative unaided and hearing aid (HA)-aided thresholds. There was no significant difference between preoperative unaided, preoperative HA-aided, and postoperative VSB-aided maximum phonetically balanced word-recognition scores. None of the 27 patients experienced a change in postoperative bone conduction pure tone average. One patient developed temporary facial palsy and two developed surgical wound infections. @*Conclusion@#. RW vibroplasty resulted in improved satisfaction and audiological test results in patients with mixed hearing loss after mastoidectomy, and the complication rate was tolerable.

4.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 268-277, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897579

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Patients’ clinical presentation is critical for identifying suspected perilymphatic fistula (PLF). The involvement of third-window lesions in the pathomechanism of PLF has been hypothesized. This study investigated the clinical features of PLF and the relationship of the third-window effect with PLF. @*Methods@#. Sixty patients underwent surgical exploration for suspected PLF and the oval and round windows were reinforced. Clinical features including demographics, pure-tone audiometry (PTA), and videonystagmography were evaluated preoperatively and 1 month postoperatively. Surgical outcomes were analyzed according to the improvement of hearing and vestibular symptoms and signs. The conductive components of PTA (air-bone gap [ABG]) were measured, and the relationship between ABG closure after surgery and hearing improvement was analyzed. In addition, postoperative subjective dizziness was assessed by clinical interviews. Changes in positional nystagmus were analyzed according to ABG closure and hearing improvement. @*Results@#. ABG at lower frequencies (LFABG; 250 Hz, 500 Hz, 1,000 Hz) was present in 27 patients (45%). Postoperatively, PTA significantly improved after surgical repair. Among the patients with preoperative LFABG (n=27), 15 (55.5%) showed postoperative ABG closure and significant improvement in PTA at all frequencies compared with the patients without ABG closure (P=0.012). Subjective dizziness improved in 57 patients (93.3%). Positional nystagmus was found in 45 of 49 patients. Multiple canal involvement was more common than single canal involvement (67% vs. 33%). The horizontal semicircular canal was most commonly involved, followed by the posterior and anterior canals. Postoperatively, positional nystagmus disappeared, or the number of involved canals decreased in 22 of 34 patients (64.7%). @*Conclusion@#. Pseudo-conductive hearing loss at lower frequencies and positional nystagmus originating from multiple semicircular canals were common findings in PLF. Surgical reinforcement of the oval and round windows improved the hearing threshold accompanied by closure of ABG. A third-window lesion might explain these clinical features of PLF.

5.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 268-277, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889875

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Patients’ clinical presentation is critical for identifying suspected perilymphatic fistula (PLF). The involvement of third-window lesions in the pathomechanism of PLF has been hypothesized. This study investigated the clinical features of PLF and the relationship of the third-window effect with PLF. @*Methods@#. Sixty patients underwent surgical exploration for suspected PLF and the oval and round windows were reinforced. Clinical features including demographics, pure-tone audiometry (PTA), and videonystagmography were evaluated preoperatively and 1 month postoperatively. Surgical outcomes were analyzed according to the improvement of hearing and vestibular symptoms and signs. The conductive components of PTA (air-bone gap [ABG]) were measured, and the relationship between ABG closure after surgery and hearing improvement was analyzed. In addition, postoperative subjective dizziness was assessed by clinical interviews. Changes in positional nystagmus were analyzed according to ABG closure and hearing improvement. @*Results@#. ABG at lower frequencies (LFABG; 250 Hz, 500 Hz, 1,000 Hz) was present in 27 patients (45%). Postoperatively, PTA significantly improved after surgical repair. Among the patients with preoperative LFABG (n=27), 15 (55.5%) showed postoperative ABG closure and significant improvement in PTA at all frequencies compared with the patients without ABG closure (P=0.012). Subjective dizziness improved in 57 patients (93.3%). Positional nystagmus was found in 45 of 49 patients. Multiple canal involvement was more common than single canal involvement (67% vs. 33%). The horizontal semicircular canal was most commonly involved, followed by the posterior and anterior canals. Postoperatively, positional nystagmus disappeared, or the number of involved canals decreased in 22 of 34 patients (64.7%). @*Conclusion@#. Pseudo-conductive hearing loss at lower frequencies and positional nystagmus originating from multiple semicircular canals were common findings in PLF. Surgical reinforcement of the oval and round windows improved the hearing threshold accompanied by closure of ABG. A third-window lesion might explain these clinical features of PLF.

6.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 103-107, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920183

ABSTRACT

The traumatic perilymphatic fistula (PLF) can cause hearing loss and disabling dizziness.These symptoms can be recovered spontaneously or by surgical repair. However, even after surgical PLF repair, patients may suffer from recurrent vestibular symptoms. The mechanism of recurrent symptoms is not clear. We experienced two patients who complained of recurrent vertigo long after surgical PLF repair. Both patients had severe sensorineural hearing loss and vestibular loss after head trauma. In both cases, after surgical repair, dizziness was completely subsided. However, several years later, the disabling vertigo recurred in both cases. The symp-toms aggravated when position was changed. On the fistula test, the patients showed positive results. Surgical findings showed a fibrous band connection between the stapes and the tym-panic membrane. After stapedectomy, the symptoms subsided. We discuss the two cases in regards to the possible mechanism of recurrent vertigo after surgical PLF repair.

7.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 585-591, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920153

ABSTRACT

Perilymph fistula (PLF) is defined as an abnormal communication between the middle ear cavity and perilymphatic space of the inner ear. Most cases of PLF are responsible for pressure change caused by internal trauma or external trauma. However, spontaneous PLF might occur without an obvious history of barotrauma. We report two cases of possible spontaneous PLF in the postpartum period: both cases involved progressive sensorineural hearing loss with positional dizziness. Although the leakage of perilymph was not found during exploration, both hearing loss and dizziness improved immediately after PLF repair. It is necessary to consider the possibility of PLF in patients who have sudden or progressive sensorineural hearing loss with positional nystagmus. Early surgical exploration is recommended even if the history of barotrauma is not clear.

8.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 404-408, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830037

ABSTRACT

Lipoma is a common benign tumor found at various sites in the body, but it is rarely encountered in the middle ear. We report a case of a 5-month-old girl who presented a middle ear lipoma, which was successfully removed by canal wall up mastoidectomy. To the best our knowledge, this is the youngest case of rare middle ear lipoma, which has ever been reported in the literature.

9.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 216-220, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830012

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#Hearing loss is a common complication associated with Noonan syndrome (NS), and the level of hearing loss for NS patients with sensorineural loss ranged from normal to severe. Additional insights into the outcome of cochlear implantation (CI)in children with NS with or without comorbidities are needed.SUBJECTS AND METHOD: In this study, five patients with NS, four with a mutation in PTPN11 and one who tested negative in mutation screening, diagnosed with the clinical scoring systemand underwent CI at ages ranging from 16 to 50 months were retrospectively reviewed. Patientswere evaluated for auditory perception (Categories of Auditory Performance), speech production (Korean Version of the Ling's Stage), and language ability (Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary Test).@*RESULTS@#In five of the children with NS, CI was performed without any complications. Threepatients who received CI before 30 months of age showed outstanding outcomes. One patientwho received CI at 50 months showed limited benefit. One patient who was diagnosed with developmental delay and cochlear nerve hypoplasia underwent CI at 28 months with poor outcome.DISCUSSION: Our report suggests that although the benefit may be influenced by comorbidities associated with NS or delay in hearing rehabilitation, profound hearing loss in patientswith NS may be restored to normal levels in terms of auditory/speech perception and vocabulary/language development. The variable hearing outcomes also underscore the need for earlyscreening and detection of profound hearing loss, and regular follow-up for hearing evaluationin patients with NS.

10.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 657-662, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920035

ABSTRACT

Localized form of myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (MPO-AAV) in the ear is a rare disease. It manifests as a sudden otalgia with hearing loss accompanied by dizziness and facial nerve palsy. Early diagnosis and treatment with immunosuppressive agents are important to prevent the irreversible progression of sensorineural hearing loss. However, it is hard to diagnose AAV because it can be confused with other common otologic disease, such as acute otitis media or middle ear effusion with labyrinthitis. Here, we report two cases of localized form of MPO-AAV manifesting otologic symptoms that have been properly diagnosed and treated with steroid and immunosuppressant.

11.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 404-408, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760140

ABSTRACT

Lipoma is a common benign tumor found at various sites in the body, but it is rarely encountered in the middle ear. We report a case of a 5-month-old girl who presented a middle ear lipoma, which was successfully removed by canal wall up mastoidectomy. To the best our knowledge, this is the youngest case of rare middle ear lipoma, which has ever been reported in the literature.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Ear, Middle , Lipoma , Otitis Media
12.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 216-220, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760117

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss is a common complication associated with Noonan syndrome (NS), and the level of hearing loss for NS patients with sensorineural loss ranged from normal to severe. Additional insights into the outcome of cochlear implantation (CI)in children with NS with or without comorbidities are needed. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: In this study, five patients with NS, four with a mutation in PTPN11 and one who tested negative in mutation screening, diagnosed with the clinical scoring systemand underwent CI at ages ranging from 16 to 50 months were retrospectively reviewed. Patientswere evaluated for auditory perception (Categories of Auditory Performance), speech production (Korean Version of the Ling's Stage), and language ability (Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary Test). RESULTS: In five of the children with NS, CI was performed without any complications. Threepatients who received CI before 30 months of age showed outstanding outcomes. One patientwho received CI at 50 months showed limited benefit. One patient who was diagnosed with developmental delay and cochlear nerve hypoplasia underwent CI at 28 months with poor outcome. DISCUSSION: Our report suggests that although the benefit may be influenced by comorbidities associated with NS or delay in hearing rehabilitation, profound hearing loss in patientswith NS may be restored to normal levels in terms of auditory/speech perception and vocabulary/language development. The variable hearing outcomes also underscore the need for earlyscreening and detection of profound hearing loss, and regular follow-up for hearing evaluationin patients with NS.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Auditory Perception , Cochlear Implantation , Cochlear Implants , Cochlear Nerve , Comorbidity , Follow-Up Studies , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Language , Mass Screening , Methods , Noonan Syndrome , Rehabilitation , Retrospective Studies , Vocabulary
13.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 44-49, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the outcome of endoscopic and microscopic tympanoplasty. METHODS: This was a retrospective comparative study of 73 patients (35 males and 38 females) who underwent type I tympanoplasty at Samsung Medical Center from April to December 2014. The subjects were classified into two groups; endoscopic tympanoplasty (ET, n=25), microscopic tympanoplasty (MT, n=48). Demographic data, perforation size of tympanic membrane at preoperative state, pure tone audiometric results preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively, operation time, sequential postoperative pain scale (NRS-11), and graft success rate were evaluated. RESULTS: The perforation size of the tympanic membrane in ET and MT group was 25.3%±11.7% and 20.1%±11.9%, respectively (P=0.074). Mean operation time of MT (88.9±28.5 minutes) was longer than that of the ET (68.2±22.1 minutes) with a statistical significance (P=0.002). External auditory canal (EAC) width was shorter in the ET group than in the MT group (P=0.011). However, EAC widening was not necessary in the ET group and was performed in 33.3% of patients in the MT group. Graft success rate in the ET and MT group were 100% and 95.8%, respectively; the values were not significantly different (P=0.304). Pre- and postoperative audiometric results including bone and air conduction thresholds and air-bone gap were not significantly different between the groups. In all groups, the postoperative air-bone gap was significantly improved compared to the preoperative air-bone gap. Immediate postoperative pain was similar between the groups. However, pain of 1 day after surgery was significantly less in the ET group. CONCLUSION: With endoscopic system, minimal invasive tympanoplasty can be possible with similar graft success rate and less pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Ear Canal , Endoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pain, Postoperative , Retrospective Studies , Transplants , Tympanic Membrane , Tympanoplasty
14.
Journal of the Korean Balance Society ; : 44-50, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761211

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Mèniére's disease is one of the most common causes of episodic vestibular syndrome that shows symptom complexes of recurrent vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus and ear fullness. Isosorbide (Isobide) is a osmotic diuretics which has been used for Meniere's disease to reduce the endolymphatic pressure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of isosorbide in the treatment of Mèniére's disease by comparing the combined therapy of isosorbide and betahistine (Meniace) to betahistine only. METHODS: Among 220 patients enrolled with Mèniére's disease from 9 centers, 187 patients completed this clinical study. Patients were randomly subjected either to betahistine alone therapy at dose of 6 mg three times a day (n=97) or to combined therapy with isosorbide (dose of 30 mL three times a day) and betahistine (n=90) for 12 weeks. Two groups were compared at 4 and 12 weeks after treatment on frequency of vertigo, hearing level (pure tone audiometry, speech audiometry), electocochleography (ECoG), tinnitus (Tinnitus Handicap Inventory, THI) and quality of life (Korean functional level scale, Korean dizziness handicap inventory). RESULTS: During first 4 weeks after treatment, the frequency of vertigo was not reduced in either betahistine alone therapy group or combined therapy group. However, between 8 and 12 weeks, the frequency of vertigo was significantly reduced in either group, and in the combined group frequency of vertigo was more significantly reduced than in the betahistine alone therapy group (p=0.041). The hearing level, ECoG, tinnitus and quality of life was not significantly different between two groups. CONCLUSION: Isosorbide and betahistine combined therapy were more effective for vertigo control than betahistine alone therapy. Isosorbide is an effective diuretic in vertigo control in definite Mèniére's disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Audiometry, Speech , Betahistine , Clinical Study , Diuretics, Osmotic , Dizziness , Ear , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Isosorbide , Meniere Disease , Quality of Life , Tinnitus , Vertigo
15.
Journal of the Korean Balance Society ; : 67-74, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761190

ABSTRACT

This paper presents diagnostic criteria for Meniere's disease jointly formulated by the Classification Committee of the Barany Society, The Japan Society for Equilibrium Research, the European Academy of Otology and Neurotology, the Equilibrium Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, and the Korean Balance Society. The classification includes two categories: definite Meniere's disease and probable Meniere's disease. The diagnosis of definite Meniere's disease is based on clinical criteria and requires the observation of an episodic vertigo syndrome associated with low- to medium- frequency sensorineural hearing loss and fluctuating aural symptoms (hearing, tinnitus and/or fullness) in the affected ear. Duration of vertigo episodes is limited to a period between 20 minutes and 12 hours. Probable Meniere's disease is a broader concept defined by episodic vestibular symptoms (vertigo or dizziness) associated with fluctuating aural symptoms occurring in a period from 20 minutes to 24 hours.


Subject(s)
Classification , Diagnosis , Ear , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Japan , Meniere Disease , Neck , Neurotology , Otolaryngology , Tinnitus , Vertigo
16.
Journal of the Korean Balance Society ; : 26-31, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761176

ABSTRACT

Barotraumatic perilymph fistula is difficult to diagnose and needs diagnosis of suspicion. Symptoms like hearing loss, tinnitus, ear fullness and positional dizziness can develop following barotrauma such as valsalva, nose blowing, straining and diving, etc. We reported 2 cases of perilymph fistula following barotrauma. The patients developed hearing loss, tinnitus and ear fullness followed by sudden onset of positional dizziness mimicking benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). On positional tests, the direction of nystagmus has changed over time. In addition, the characteristics of nystagmus on positional test were not similar to typical BPPV, which showed longer duration of nystagmus, no reversibility and no fatigability. We concluded that barotraumatic perilymph fistula could present as hearing loss with positional dizziness mimicking sudden hearing loss with BPPV. The differential diagnostic points were history of barotrauma, time sequence of development of hearing loss and positional dizziness, and atypical positional nystagmus unlike BPPV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Barotrauma , Diagnosis , Diving , Dizziness , Ear , Fistula , Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Nose , Nystagmus, Physiologic , Perilymph , Tinnitus , Vertigo
17.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 329-334, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-91710

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Neuroblastoma (NBL) predominantly affects children under 5 years of age. Through multimodal therapy, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery, and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, the survival rate in patients with NBL have improved while treatment-related complications have also increased. Treatment-related ototoxicity, mainly from cisplatin, can result in profound hearing loss requiring cochlear implantation (CI). We analyzed the effectiveness and hearing preservation of CI recipients who had treated with multimodal therapy due to NBL. METHODS: Patients who received multimodal therapy for NBL and subsequent CIs were enrolled. A detailed review of the perioperative hearing test, speech evaluation, and posttreatment complications was conducted. Speech performance was analyzed using the category of auditory performance (CAP) score and the postoperative hearing preservation of low frequencies was also compared. Patients who were candidates for electro-acoustic stimulation (EAS) used an EAS electrode for low frequency hearing preservation. RESULTS: Three patients were identified and all patients showed improvement of speech performance after CI. The average of CAP score improved from 4.3 preoperatively to 5.8 at 1 year postoperatively. Two patients who were fitted with the Flex electrode showed complete hearing preservation and the preserved hearing was maintained over 1 year. The one remaining patient was given the standard CI-512 electrode and showed partial hearing preservation. CONCLUSION: Patients with profound hearing loss resulting from NBL multimodal therapy can be good candidates for CI, especially for EAS. A soft surgical technique as well as a specifically designed electrode should be applied to this specific population during the CI operation in order to preserve residual hearing and achieve better outcomes.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cisplatin , Cochlear Implantation , Cochlear Implants , Combined Modality Therapy , Drug Therapy , Electrodes , Hearing Loss , Hearing Tests , Hearing , Neuroblastoma , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Radiotherapy , Survival Rate
18.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 138-141, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173816

ABSTRACT

The authors report a 64-year-old man who developed persistent direction fixed nystagmus after a canalith repositioning maneuver for horizontal canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (HC-BPPV). The patient was initially diagnosed with right HC-BPPV given that the Dix-Hallpike test showed geotropic horizontal nystagmus that was more pronounced on the right side, although the roll test did not show any positional nystagmus. The patient was treated with a canalith repositioning maneuver (Lempert maneuver). The next day, the patient experienced a different character of dizziness, and left-beating spontaneous nystagmus regardless of head position was observed. After a forced prolonged left decubitus and frequent head shaking, his symptoms and nystagmus resolved. This condition, referred to as canalith jam, can be a complication after the repositioning maneuver in patients with BPPV. Atypical positional tests suggest that abnormal canal anatomy could be the underlying cause of canalith jam.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Dizziness , Head , Nystagmus, Pathologic , Nystagmus, Physiologic , Vertigo
19.
Journal of the Korean Balance Society ; : 89-95, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761174

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The patients with bilateral vestibulopathy (BV) suffer from unsteadiness and oscillopsia, and despite of appropriate rehabilitation, permanent disability is inevitable. However, the level of functional outcomes could be influenced by whether there is residual vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) or not. Under the hypothesis that residual VOR function could result in better performances, we tried to compare in functional outcomes between complete and incomplete BV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients who have been diagnosed with BV in our institution were retrospectively reviewed retrospectively between 2008 and 2012. We classified them into complete BV group (n=19) and incomplete BV (n=31) group according to the presence of residual VOR. Among them, 31 patients responded to telephone survey (6 in complete group and 25 in incomplete group). The survey includes 5 categories such as the subjective dizziness restriction on daily life, oscillopsia, unsteadiness and depression. Each score ranged from 0 to 4 and patients were asked twice in different time period. RESULTS: There was no difference in etiology between complete and incomplete group. Incomplete group showed significant improvement in dizziness, restriction on daily life, oscillopsia and unsteadiness compared to complete group. Among 5 catergories, dizziness score was significantly improved in incomplete group (each mean improved sore+/-standard deviation; dizziness 1.84+/-0.83, oscillopsia 0.44+/-0.64, unsteadiness 1+/-1.09, depression 0.24+/-0.86 restriction on daily life 1.16+/-0.97). CONCLUSION: The presence of residual VOR function had better functional outcomes in bilateral vestibulopathy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression , Dizziness , Prognosis , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Rehabilitation , Retrospective Studies , Telephone
20.
Journal of the Korean Balance Society ; : 79-92, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761144

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It is necessary to establish the most efficient diagnostic and therapeutic method for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), which is appropriate for Korean healthcare system. We aimed to evaluate current state of Korean clinician's diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for BPPV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 16-item survey was emailed to the members of dizziness department of Otology Research Interest Group in the Korean Otologic Society (n=68). 43 were returned and analyzed. RESULTS: All respondents (100%) used Dix-Hallpike test as a diagnostic tool for vertical canal-BPPV. Supine roll test was used for diagnosing lateral canal BPPV in nearly all the respondents (97.7%). Epley maneuver was chosen as otolith repositioning maneuver (ORM) for posterior canal BPPV in all respondents and barbecue rotation (BBQ) was used for treating lateral canal BPPV with geotropic nystagmus in 95.3% of respondents. Extreme variation was noted for therapeutic approach of lateral canal BPPV with ageotropic nystagmus BBQ, with 4 kinds of ORM and adjunctive measures to liberate otolith from cupula, while BBQ was again the most commonly used ORM (76.7%). CONCLUSION: The development of practical and efficient ORM for lateral canal BPPV with ageotropic nystagmus is necessary.


Subject(s)
Surveys and Questionnaires , Delivery of Health Care , Dizziness , Electronic Mail , Korea , Otolaryngology , Otolithic Membrane , Public Opinion , Vertigo
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