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1.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 366-371, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987348

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSleep disorder can adversely affect human physical and mental health, with important implications for socioeconomic development. And higher vocational college students are subject to various pressures and stimuli exerted by academic studies, job seeking and family socioeconomic status, which may contribute to the onset insomnia symptom or sleep disorder. ObjectiveTo discuss the sleep status and influencing factors among higher vocational college students, and to provide references for improving their sleep status. MethodsIn January and February, 2022, a stratified random sampling method was utilized to enroll 3 300 students from five higher vocational colleges in Wenjiang district of Chengdu city. All the participants were assessed using Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Patient Health Questionnaire Depression Scale-9 item (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7 (GAD-7). Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to test the correlation of ISI with PHQ-9 and GAD-7 scores, and the Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the influencing factors of insomnia symptom in higher vocational college students. ResultInsomnia symptom was detected in 81.90% (2 497 / 3 300) of higher vocational college students. The detection rate of insomnia symptom among vocational college students yielded statistical difference in terms of gender, family socioeconomic status, being an only child or having siblings, degree of psychological pressure exerted by academic studies or job seeking, amount of hours spent on Internet per day, frequency of physical exercise, and the presence or absence of anxiety symptom and depression symptom (χ2=21.032, 22.172, 8.983, 75.939, 36.781, 32.350, 54.512, 86.561, P<0.01 or 0.05). Among higher vocational college students, ISI score was positively correlated with GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scores (r=0.620, 0.714, P<0.01), and GAD-7 score was positively correlated with PHQ-9 score (r=0.824, P<0.01). Gender, family socioeconomic status, degree of psychological pressure exerted by academic studies or job seeking, amount of hours spent on Internet per day, frequency of physical exercise, and the presence or absence of anxiety symptom and depression symptom were effective factors in predicting the insomnia symptom in higher vocational college students (P<0.01 or 0.05). ConclusionFemale gender, average and below average family socioeconomic status, moderate-to-severe degree of psychological pressure exerted by academic studies or job seeking, spending 2~5 h, 5~7 h or >7 h on Internet per day, inadequate physical exercise and presence of depressive symptom are the risk factors for insomnia symptom in higher vocational college students.[Funded by Sichuan Provincial Primary Health Development Research Center in 2022, North Sichuan Medical College (number, SWFZ22-C-89)]

2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 518-523, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986162

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the key deubiquitinating enzymes that maintain the stemness of liver cancer stem cells and provide new ideas for targeted liver cancer therapy. Methods: The high-throughput CRISPR screening technology was used to screen the deubiquitinating enzymes that maintain the stemness of liver cancer stem cells. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to analyze gene expression levels. Stemness of liver cancer cells was detected by spheroid-formation and soft agar colony formation assays. Tumor growth in nude mice was detected by subcutaneous tumor-bearing experiments. Bioinformatics and clinical samples were examined for the clinical significance of target genes. Results: MINDY1 was highly expressed in liver cancer stem cells. The expression of stem markers, the self-renewal ability of cells, and the growth of transplanted tumors were significantly reduced and inhibited after knocking out MINDY1, and its mechanism of action may be related to the regulation of the Wnt signaling pathway. The expression level of MINDY1 was higher in liver cancer tissues than that in adjacent tumors, which was closely related to tumor progression, and its high expression was an independent risk factor for a poor prognosis of liver cancer. Conclusion: The deubiquitinating enzyme MINDY1 promotes stemness in liver cancer cells and is one of the independent predictors of poor prognosis in liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Mice, Nude , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Deubiquitinating Enzymes/metabolism , Neoplastic Stem Cells/pathology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1238-1242, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991948

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the clinical value of the good outcome following attempted resuscitation (GO-FAR) score in predicting the neurological status of patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) in the Chinese population.Methods:The clinical data of patients with IHCA who were admitted to the Zigong Fourth People's Hospital from January 1 to December 31, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Used Glasgow-Pittsburgh cerebral performance category (CPC) score 1 point as the end point, the subjects were divided into 4 groups according to the score: ≤ 0 group, 1-8 group, 9-20 group and ≥ 21 group. Taken the group which GO-FAR score ≤ 0 as the reference group, the odds ratio ( OR) of the other three groups compared with this group was calculated. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was performed to evaluate the predictive value of the GO-FAR score in favorable neurological outcome. A calibration curve was drawn for the Hosmer-Lemeshow test to analyze the degree of calibration of the GO-FAR score for predicting good neurological outcome. Results:A total of 230 IHCA patients were enrolled in the study, including 130 males, aged 74 (65, 81) years old, and 23 case (10.0%) had good neurological prognosis. There were statistically significant differences in GO-FAR-related variables, including age, a normal neurological function on admitted, acute stroke, metastatic cancer, septicemia, medical noncardiac admission, hepatic insufficiency, hypotension, renal insufficiency or dialysis, respiratory insufficiency, pneumonia, etc (all P < 0.05). Taken the GO-FAR score ≤ 0 group as the reference group, the OR values of good neurological prognosis in the GO-FAR score 1-8 group were 0.54 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.17-1.53, P = 0.250], 9-20 group were 0.17 (95% CI was 0.02-0.67, P = 0.009) and ≥ 21 group were 0.25 (95% CI was 0.05-0.85, P = 0.025). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the GO-FAR score for predicting favorable neurological outcome in IHCA patients was 0.653 (95% CI was 0.529-0.777, P = 0.015) and there was no significant difference in Hosmer-Lemeshow test ( P = 0.311). All these suggested that there was no significant difference between the predicted value and the actual value. Conclusions:GO-FAR score can be applied to predict neurological prognosis of IHCA patients in Chinese population. It can help clinicians to predict the prognosis of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and propose critical recommendations in treatment for these patients or their families.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2077-2081, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941445

ABSTRACT

OBJECT IVE To provide scientific evidence for the quality standard research of Qingyi mixture (QM)qualitatively and quantitatively. METHODS The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)fingerprint of QM was established ,and the chemical pattern recognition analysis was carried out. At the same time ,the contents of 8 components such as chlorogenic acid in the preparation were determined. The determination was performed on Agilent SB-C 18 column with 0.1% phosphoric acid-acetonitrile as mobile phase (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.6 mL/min. The column temperature was 35 ℃,and detection wavelength was set at 254 nm. Similarity Evaluation System of Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(2012 edition),SPSS 20.0 and SIMCA 14.1 were used to perform similarity evaluation ,cluster analysis (CA),principle component analysis (PCA)and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA)of QM samples. RESULTS A total of 22 common peaks were calibrated by 15 batches of QM ,and the similarity was over 0.975. Twenty-two common peaks were assigned and 8 of them were identified. CA ,PCA and OPLS-DA divided the 15 batches of QM into two categories. Meanwhile,5 differential components were screened out ,i.e. peak 9(cichoric acid ),peak 14(baicalin),peak 18,peak 19 and peak 21 (baicalein). The contents of 8 components,such as chlorogenic acid ,ferulic acid ,cichoric acid ,hesperidin, baicalin,salvianolic acid B ,baicalein and paeonol ,were 0.077-0.094,0.165-0.190,0.100-0.114,0.083-0.107,0.556-0.615,0.288-0.314,0.152-0.188 and 0.114-0.128 mg/g,respectively. CONCLUSIONS The established HPLC fingerprint and content determination method can provide reference for the quality standard research of QM.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 540-543, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958828

ABSTRACT

As intelligent outpatient service comes into being, it is significant to enable the elderlies to leverage such benefits and improve their outpatient experience. A hospital explored an " Orange" heart-to-heart service mode for the elderlies in its outpatient clinics since November 2020. Covering the whole process of elderly outpatients visits in the mode, the following measures were taken, namely the age-appropriate transformation of outpatient self-service equipments, a one-stop medical center for the elderlies to optimize the outpatient flow, and a smart outpatient service station for the elderlies to help them immediately complete or gradually learn related operations on mobile phones and self-service machines. The " Orange" elderly assistance school provides elderlies with popular science education on disease knowledge, and how to use information equipment and medical procedures, effectively improving the experience of elderly outpatients.For example, their waiting time was shortened from(22.56±5.25) minutes before to(13.66±3.65) minutes after, and their overall satisfaction scoring for outpatient experience rose from 3.63 to 4.32 points, and satisfaction rate increased from 78.00% to 93.00%. It can provide reference for improving the outpatient experience of elderlies in the context of smart outpatient visits.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2487-2493, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955038

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a new nurse standardized training management index system based on training transfer theory, and to provide reference for objective evaluation of standardized training management for new nurses.Methods:From August 2020 to April 2021, guided by the theory of training transfer, the standardized training management indexs for new nurses were preliminarily drawn up through literature review, semi-structured interviews. The Delphi method was used to conduct two rounds of expert consultation.Results:The effective questionnaire recovery rate of the two rounds of expert consultation was 92.00% (23/25) and 95.65% (22/23), respectively. The expert authority coefficients were 0.904 and 0.905, respectively. Kendall′s harmony coefficients were 0.228 and 0.250, respectively, both P<0.01. The final index system of standardized training management for new nurses based on training transfer theory included 4 first-level indexes, 14 second-level indexes and 59 third-level indexes. Conclusions:The new nurse standardized training management index system based on training transfer theory is scientific and reliable. It provides a tool for evaluating standardized training management of new nurses and a reference for perfecting the training management system of new nurses.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 58-64, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940288

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Gelsemium elegans combined with Mussaenda pubescens on efflux transporter breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and cytochrome P450 3A11 (CYP3A11) and their attenuation mechanism, and to investigate whether the nuclear receptors were involved in such regulation by intervening it with nuclear receptor activators. MethodC57BL/6 mice were divided into the blank group, G. elegans (GE, 0.25 g·kg-1)group, GE + M. pubescens (MP) (0.25 g·kg-1+10 g·kg-1) group, GE + pregnane X receptor (PXR) activator (rifampicin)(GE + Rif,0.25 g·kg-1+50 mg·kg-1) group, GE + MP + Rif (0.25 g·kg-1+10 g·kg-1+50 mg·kg-1) group, GE + constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) activator (1,4-Bis [2-(3,5-Dichloropyridyloxy)] benzene, TCPOBOP)(GE + TCP, 0.25 g·kg-1+0.5 mg·kg-1) group, and GE + MP + TCP (0.25 g·kg-1+10 g·kg-1+0.5 mg·kg-1) group. The medication lasted for 14 successive days. One hour after the last administration, the mice were sacrificed by cervical dislocation and the liver tissue was harvested. The left liver tissue was stained with hematoxylin- eosin (HE) for observing the pathological changes. The right liver tissue was used for BCRP and CYP3A11 mRNA and protein expression detection by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. ResultThe survival rates of mice in the GE + Rif group, GE group, and GE + MP group were 25% (the lowest), 40%, and 80%, respectively, and no death was observed in the other groups. Compared with the obvious lesions in the liver cells of the GE group, the pathological changes in liver cells of the GE + MP group were alleviated, while those in the GE + Rif group were worsened. Compared with the GE + Rif group, the GE + MP + Rif group exhibited relieved pathological changes in liver cells. Both the GE + TCP group and the GE + MP + TCP group showed mild liver lesions. The comparison with the GE + MP group revealed that the pathological changes in the GE + MP + TCP group were slightly relieved. Compared with the blank group, the expression of BCRP protein and mRNA in GE group were significantly decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01).The expression of CYP3A11 protein in GE group were significantly decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the GE group, the GE + MP group displayed remarkably up-regulated BCRP protein and mRNA expression (P<0.05,P<0.01) and CYP3A11 protein expression (P<0.05), but slightly up-regulated CYP3A11 mRNA expression. Compared with the GE group, the GE + Rif group exhibited down-regulated BCRP protein expression (P < 0.05). The protein and mRNA expression levels of BCRP were lower in the GE + MP + Rif group than in the GE + MP group (P<0.05,P<0.01). The PXR activator rifampicin regulated BCRP before and after the combination of G. elegans with M. pubescens. The CYP3A11 protein and mRNA expression levels in the GE + TCP group were higher than those in the GE group (P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with the GE + MP group, the GE + MP + TCP group showed up-regulated CYP3A11 protein and mRNA expression (P<0.05,P<0.01). CAR activator TCPOBOP also had a regulatory effect on CYP3A11 before and after the compatibility of G. elegans with M. pubescens. ConclusionThe attenuated toxin after the combination of G. elegans with M. pubescens is closely related to the efflux transporter BCRP and the drug-metabolizing enzyme CYP3A11.

8.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 514-520, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of sex on the clinical outcome of extremely preterm infants (EPIs)/extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWIs) by propensity score matching.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the medical data of 731 EPIs or ELBWIs who were admitted from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2020. These infants were divided into two groups: male and female. A propensity score matching analysis was performed at a ratio of 1:1. The matching variables included gestational age, birth weight, percentage of withdrawal from active treatment, percentage of small-for-gestational-age infant, percentage of use of pulmonary surfactant, percentage of 1-minute Apgar score ≤3, percentage of mechanical ventilation, duration of mechanical ventilation, percentage of antenatal use of inadequate glucocorticoids, and percentage of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. The two groups were compared in the incidence rate of main complications during hospitalization and the rate of survival at discharge.@*RESULTS@#Before matching, compared with the female group, the male group had significantly higher incidence rates of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), severe intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, necrotizing enterocolitis, and patent ductus arteriosus (P<0.05), while after matching, the male group only had a significantly higher incidence rate of BPD than the female group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the rate of survival at discharge between the two groups before and after matching (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Male EPIs/ELBWIs have a higher risk of BPD than female EPIs/ELBWIs, but male and female EPIs/ELBWIs tend to have similar outcomes.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/etiology , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Extremely Premature , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Sex Characteristics
9.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 372-376, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004269

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To provide reference for fine management of blood donors by classifying and analyzing different types of blood donors from domestic blood stations. 【Methods】 The resident population of 15 regions in China from 2016 to 2019 were taken as the research object, among which the blood donors were divided into three categories: age-eligible citizens, registered donors and donated donors. The average value and proportion of the three categories were calculated and statistically analyzed. 【Results】 The resident population of the 15 regions varied greatly. The mean 95% CI of the proportion of age-eligible citizens to resident population from 2016 to 2019 was (60.16%, 67.84%); registered donors to age-eligible citizens and resident population was (2.21%, 2.86%) and (1.41%, 1.79%), respectively; donated donors to registered donors, age-eligible citizens and resident population was (84.63%, 91.68%), (1.93%, 2.55%) and(1.23%, 1.59%), respectively. 【Conclusion】 There were differences in the number and proportion of different types of blood donors in different regions. The fine management of blood donors can help blood stations carry out more effective recruitment and retention strategies.

10.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 736-739, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004202

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the current situation concerning volume control of red blood cells in additive solution produced by blood service in Chongqing, and to lay a foundation for promoting the homogenization of preparation process of red blood cells in additive solution. 【Methods】 A questionnaire was designed to investigate the factors related to the preparation of red blood cells in additive solution. The questionnaire was sent by Chongqing Association of Blood Transfusion via E-mail to 18 blood services in the city, and the collected data was sorted, revised and analyzed by research team. 【Results】 A total of 18 blood services(including 1 blood center + 1 sub-center, 6 central blood stations and 11 central blood banks) returned the questionnaires. The results showed that there were differences among blood services across Chongqing, regarding the centrifugal parameters during preparation, the operation mode and monitoring situation of the capacity control during preparation, and the formulation of the capacity standard of red blood cells in additive solution etc. 【Conclusion】 The preparation process of red blood cells in additive solution, produced by Chongqing blood services, should be further standardized, and the capacity control method of this product in Chongqing should be gradually unified to achieve regional homogeneity and to ensure blood safety.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 428-432, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in bone marrow of patients with non-M3 acute leukemia (AL), and estimate its relationship with prognosis.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to December 2019, 114 patients with AL in department of Hematology, Wuwei People's Hospital were selected as study group, and 25 healthy volunteers were enrolled as control group. The concentration of VEGF in bone marrow was detected by ELISA. The patients were divided into high and low concentration group according to the level of VEGF. The overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were compared among different groups.@*RESULTS@#The level of VEGF in patients with AL was significantly higher than that in the control group. The median OS and EFS in the low concentration group was 34.5 and 32 months, respectively, while, in the high concentration group was 30 and 26 months, respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P=0.010). There were significant differences in OS rate (P=0.035) and EFS rate (P=0.026) between low and high concentration group. Multivariate analysis showed that high VEGF concentration was an independent risk factor affecting OS (HR=2.619, 95%CI 1.070-6.406, P=0.035) and EFS (HR=2.221, 95%CI 1.074-4.552, P=0.031) in AL patients.@*CONCLUSION@#VEGF highly expresses in the bone marrow of patients with AL at initial diagnosis and relapse, and shows adverse effects on the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Disease-Free Survival , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Prognosis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 328-332, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880077

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the regulation effect of myeloid leukemia No.1 Chinese herb medicine prescription combined with chemotherapy on Th17 cells in bone marrow fluid of AML patients, so as to provide guidance for improving AML treatment effect and patients' long-term survival.@*METHODS@#Seventy patients with AML who were hospitalized in Department of Hematology, Wuwei People's Hospital from April 2017 to August 2019 were selected and enrolled in AML group, 25 healthy volunteers were selected and enrolled in control group; then according to therapeutic regimen, AML patients were divided into 2 groups: combined therapy group (myeloid leukemia NO.1 Chinese herb medicine prescription combined with chemotherapy) and non-combined therapy group (chemotherapy alone). Flow cytometry was used to detect the ratio of CD3@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Th17 cells expression in bone marrow of newly diagnoses and relapsed AML patients significantly increase, and decrease significantly after treatment. Myeloid leukemia No.1 Chinese herb prescription combined with chemotherapy can significantly increase the CR rate and reduce the RL rate for AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , China , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Medicine , Prescriptions , Th17 Cells , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 131-136, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880043

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy, survival and adverse effects of non-transplanted multiple myeloma (MM) patients treated with bortezomib maintenance.@*METHODS@#A total of 25 newly diagnosed/relapsed non-transplanted MM patients treated in West District of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from June 2004 to November 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received PD regimen (bortezomib and dexamethasone), including bortezomib at a dose of 1.3 mg/m@*RESULTS@#Till November 1, 2017, 5 patients achieved stringent complete response (sCR), 8 patients achieved complete response (CR), 7 patients achieved very good partial response (VGPR), 4 patients achieved partial reponse (PR), while 1 patient achieved stable disease (SD). After maintenance therapy, 21 patients maintained the efficacy above PR, of which 1 patient was improved from CR to sCR; 4 patients adjusted chemotherapy after disease progressed. Median maintenance therapy was 9 cycles (range from 6 to 31), and the median maintenance time was 27 months (range from 18 to 97). Median follow-up time was 73 months (range from 25 to 171). Median progress-free survival (PFS) time was 30 months (range from 9 to 105) and overall survival (OS) time was 57 months (range from 27 to 160). Till November 1, 2019, 3-year survival rate was 84% (21/25), and 5-year survival rate was 72% (13/18). The most common adverse events were transient leukopenia, thrombocytopenia and peripheral neuropathy, which the patients could tolerate after the prevention and treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Bortezomib-based maintenance therapy for non-transplanted MM patients can be an option in consideration of its safety and efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 274-277, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004562

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish a regional hemovigilance system of adverse reactions to blood donation(ARBD) and to evaluate its operation effect. 【Methods】 A regional monitoring working group was established to improve the ARBD monitoring system in two phases [phase-ⅠJanuary-June, 2019 and phase-Ⅱ July-December, 2019). The suitability of monitoring standards and reporting approaches, as well as the running effect of this system were evaluated by comparing the accuracy of ARBD classification and severity grading, timely report processing and the contents of reports submitted in two phases. The incidence of ARBD and the number of different types of ARBD cases in the two phases were analyzed to compare the monitoring effect. 【Results】 7 and 17 blood banks joined the regional working groups in phase-Ⅰand phase-Ⅱ, respectively. In phase-Ⅰ, 565 cases of ARBD were reported, 72.04%(407/565)of them was accurately sorted and 80.95%(34/42)were timely reported. Over 99% of reports covered such monitoring items as blood donors′ gender, type of blood donation, place of blood donation, organization mode of blood donation, symptom of ARBD, type, severity grading and other related factors, and less than 20% of reports recorded the details concerning the treatment following ARBD. In phase-Ⅱ, 1098 cases of ARBD were reported, 94.54%(1 038/1 098)of them was accurately sorted and 96.08%(98/102)were timely reported. Over 97% of reports covered the monitoring items mentioned above, still less than 30%, though elevated in comparison with phase-Ⅰ, of reports recorded the details concerning the treatment following ARBD, and less than 20% tracked the ARBD. The overall incidence of ARBD reported was 0.87%, while 0.93%(1 098/118 565)in phase-Ⅱ and 0.77%(565/73 267)in phase-Ⅰ, with statistically significant differences (P<0.01). 【Conclusion】 The regional monitoring system for ARBD in Chongqing, with Blood Safety Hemovigilance Guidelines(T/CSBT 001-2019)as the standard and the Blood Safety Monitoring Management Information System as the reporting approach, has been basically established through two phases of development, and the reporting contents need to be further managed at specific levels.

15.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 376-381, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004527

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To systematically evaluate the characteristics of adverse reactions to blood donation(ARBD) among whole blood donors in China, so as to provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of adverse reactions related to blood donation. 【Methods】 PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, VIP and WanFang Data were retrieved to collect research literature concerning ARBD among whole blood donors in mainland China with observation time≥6 months. The retrieval time was set from the time of database establishment to June 2020. The literature was supplemented by reference tracing and manual retrieval. Two reviewers independently screened the literature, extracted the data, and evaluated the methodological quality of the included studies according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Then Review Manager 5.3 software was used for Meta analysis. 【Results】 A total of 36 literature were included, involving 3 769 415 blood donors and 38 403 cases of ARBD. Meta-analysis results showed that the overall incidence of ARBD among whole blood donors was 1.36% [95%CI (1.19, 1.54)], and 1.52% [(95%CI (1.26, 1.78)] in the eastern, 1.26% [(95%CI (0.87, 1.70)] in the central, and 0.76% [(95%CI (0.74, 1.21)] in the western China when stratifying by geographic distribution, with statistically significant differences (P<0.01). The incidence of ARBD in male and female whole blood donors was 1.19% [(95%CI (0.99, 1.39)] and 1.26% [(95%CI (1.05, 1.48)), respectively, which was more commonly reported by women than by men (P<0.01). The incidence of ARBD was 2.17% [(95%CI (1.82, 2.52)], 0.98% [(95%CI (0.82, 1.14)] and 0.76% [(95%CI (0.61, 0.91)] in the age groups of 18~24, 25~40, and 41~55, respectively, and the incidence in donors aged 18~24 years was significantly higher than that in other two age ranges (P<0.01). The incidence of ARBD in first-time and repeat blood donors was 1.57% [(95%CI (1.35, 1.79)] and 0.63% [(95%CI (0.56, 0.70)), respectively(P<0.01). The incidence of ARBD with blood donation <400 mL and 400 mL was 1.10% [(95%CI (0.90, 1.30), P<0.001] and 0.87% [(95%CI (0.71, 1.03), P<0.001], respectively(P<0.01). 【Conclusion】 In order to improve the effectiveness of ARBD monitoring, it is necessary to unify the standards for ARBD, strengthen the knowledge training of ARBD, and accelerate the information construction to explore the national ARBD monitoring mode.

16.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1286-1289, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003963

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the status and conduct effect evaluation of blood donation recruitment of blood services in Chongqing, and explore its influencing factors, so as to provide reference for the regional homogenization of blood services in Chongqing. 【Methods】 19 blood services in Chongqing were investigated by questionnaire in terms of the input in human resources and funds, recruitment methods, document construction and effect evaluation. The statistical analysis was conducted. 【Results】 The average number of blood donors per 1 000 population in 19 blood services in Chongqing was 9.35±3.35. Among the 19 blood services, blood inventory warning occurred in 18, 6 of them reached Level 2 and 1 of them was Level 1. The number of blood donations per 1 000 population in blood banks with no more than 5 recruits or with less than 100 000 yuan/year recruitment fund was significantly lower than that in blood banks with more than 5 recruits or with more than 100 000 yuan/year recruitment fund(P<0.05). SMS and telephone recruitment were most commonly used in blood donation recruitment. Most blood banks have established corresponding system documents, but only one has established the method to evaluate the effect of blood donation recruitment. 【Conclusion】 The number of blood donations per 1 000 population in 19 blood services in Chongqing varies greatly, and the pressure of blood inventory warning is widespread. The input of human resources and financial fund have a certain impact on the number of blood donations per 1000 population, but not the alone factor. The recruitment method is a little bit more on the traditional side, and the blood donation recruitment and efficacy evaluation is in lack of documentary supporting. Regional homogenization should be achieved by integrating the resources of blood services, establishing the document framework of blood donation recruitment and effect evaluation, clarifying the evaluation content and unifying the evaluation standard.

17.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1282-1285, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003962

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the management of adverse reactions to blood donation(ARBD) in blood services, so as to promote the surveillance of ARBD and improve the quality of blood donation service in Chongqing. 【Methods】 A questionnaire, involving the staff and facilities in blood donation sites as well as the prevention and treatment, the record and report, the following up and data related to ARBD was developed by Chongqing Society of Blood Transfusion in February 2019, and was issued to 18 blood services(1 blood center and its sub-center, 6 central blood stations and 11 hospital blood banks) in the Chongqing via email. The questionnaire was filled in and submitted before March 31 by management personnel participating in the investigation, and the data was collected, collated, revised and analyzed by Excel 2011. 【Results】 A total 19 questionnaires were collected, with the valid rate at 100%(19/19). 78.95%(15/19) of the blood services met the requirements of medical personnel allocation(>6 medical staff) when the number of daily blood collection was more than 60, and 100%(19/19)met the requirements of medical personnel allocation(2 to 6 medical staff) when the number of daily blood collection was less than 60. 89.47%(17/19) of the blood services were equipped with epinephrine hydrochloride, and 84.21%(16/19) with dexamethasone(an anti-allergic drug). There were significant differences in the allocation of other types of drugs. 100.00%(19/19) of the blood services formulated prevention and treatment measures concerning ARBD. In 2019, the incidence of ARBD in Chongqing was reported to be 0.54%(1 958 / 359 871), with the highestas [1.35%(223/16 543)] in subcenters and the lowest [0.32%(179/56 299)] in central blood centers (P<0.05). There was statistical significances in the incidences of ARBD reported by different blood stations(P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The monitoring and management of ARBD among blood services in Chongqing should be further standardized in terms of staffing allocation, emergency drugs allocation and reporting, so as to gradually realize regional homogenization and ensure blood safety.

18.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1279-1281, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003961

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To provide data reference for the implementation of the homogenization of pre-donation blood testing by investigating the relevant situation of pre-donation blood testing in various blood services in Chongqing and analyzing their differences. 【Methods】 A questionnaire covering the basic information of pre-donation blood testing items, quality control and the management of deferral donors was developed, and issued to 19 blood services in Chongqing through E-mails by Chongqing Society of Blood Transfusion. The data collected were sorted, revised and analyzed. 【Results】 A total of 19 questionnaires from 19 blood services(including 1 blood center, 1 sub-center, 6 central blood stations and 11 central blood banks) were collected. All of the pre-donation blood test items of 19 blood services met the Blood Donor Health Test Requirements. Hemoglobin, blood group, ALT and HBsAg testing were carried out by 19 blood services, anti-TP testing by 15, and lipid blood testing by 11, using different detection methods and reagents. Significant differences were found in the frequency and rules of internal quality control for quantitative testing items. In addition, the deferral time and re-recruitment strategy of deferral blood donors were also significantly different. 【Conclusion】 There were differences in the management of pre-donation blood testing and blood donor management after blood donation among blood services in Chongqing. Further standardization was needed to realize regional homogenization and guarantee blood safety and the safety of blood donors.

19.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 265-270, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870583

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of pretreating with oral immunosuppressants alone for ABO-incompatible (ABOi) renal transplant recipients with an initial isoagglutinin titer <1: 8.Methods:From September 2014 to October 2019, 16 cases of ABOi renal transplantation pretreated with oral immunosuppressants alone and 32 cases of ABO-compatible (ABOc) renal transplantation were recruited for comparing the inter-group incidence of graft function, acute rejection, infection and recipient and allograft survival.Results:The 16 ABOi renal transplantations were AB-to-A(n=4), AB-to-B(n=3), A-to-B(n=1), B-to-A(n=4), A-to-O(n=2) and B-to-O(n=2). The initial isoagglutinin titer (IgM & IgG) and that on the date of transplantation were both ≤1∶8. The median follow-up period was 495(90-1696) days. One patient in ABOi group underwent allograft nephrectomy due to hyperacute rejection. The graft survival rates were 93.75%(15/16) and 100%(32/32) in ABOi and ABOc groups respectively. No recipient died. No significant inter-group difference existed in postoperative renal function after 6 months (serum creatinine μmol/L: 114.30±28.13 vs. 106.08±23.80, P=0.38; eGFR ml/min/1.73 m 2: 64.93±19.60 vs. 82.34±22.58, P=0.13). In ABOi group, there were 3 episodes of postoperative infection, 2 episodes of acute rejection within 2 weeks (including 1 episode of hyperacute rejection) and 1 episode of acute rejection after 2 weeks; 5 episodes of postoperative infection, no acute rejection within 2 weeks and 5 episodes of acute rejection after 2 weeks in ABOc group. No significant inter-group difference existed in the incidence of infection or rejection ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Using oral immunosuppressant alone is both safe and feasible for ABOi renal transplantation recipients with an initial isoagglutinin titer ≤1∶8. It may greatly simplify the pretreatment scheme for those with a low initial isoagglutinin titer and lower the incidence of complications.

20.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 784-790, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of p16 INK4a detected by p16 INK4a immunostaining as a new generation of cervical cytology for primary screening and secondary screening in population-based cervical cancer screening, and in improving cytological diagnosis. Methods:Between 2016 and 2018, 5 747 non-pregnant women aged 25-65 years with sexual history were recruited and underwent cervical cancer screening via high-risk (HR)-HPV/liquid-based cytological test (LCT) test in Shenzhen and surrounding areas. All slides were immuno-stained using p16 INK4a technology, among them, 902 cases were offered p16 INK4a detection during primary screening, and the remaining 4 845 cases were called-back by the virtue of abnormal HR-HPV and LCT results for p16 INK4a staining. Participants with complete LCT examination, HR-HPV test, p16 INK4a staining and histopathological examination results were included in this study. The performance of p16 INK4a in primary and secondary screening, and in assisting cytology to detect high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion [HSIL, including cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) Ⅱ or Ⅲ] or worse [HSIL (CIN Ⅱ) + or HSIL (CIN Ⅲ) +] were analyzed. Results:(1) One-thousand and ninety-seven cases with complete data of p16 INK4a and histology were included. Pathological diagnosis: 995 cases of normal cervix, 37 cases of low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), 64 cases of HSIL and one case of cervical cancer were found. Among them, 65 cases of HSIL (CIN Ⅱ) + and 34 cases of HSIL (CIN Ⅲ) + were detected. The positive rate of p16 INK4a in HSIL (CIN Ⅱ) + was higher than that in CINⅠ or normal pathology (89.2% vs 10.2%; P<0.01). (2) p16 INK4a as primary screening for HSIL (CIN Ⅱ) + or HSIL (CIN Ⅲ) + was equally sensitive to primary HR-HPV screening (89.2% vs 95.4%, 94.1% vs 94.1%; P>0.05), but more specific than HR-HPV screening (89.8% vs 82.5%, 87.7% vs 80.2%; P<0.05). p16 INK4a was equally sensitive and similarly specific to cytology (≥LSIL; P>0.05). (3) The specificity of LCT adjunctive p16 INK4a for detecting HSIL (CIN Ⅱ) + or HSIL (CIN Ⅲ) + were higher than that of LCT alone or adjunctive HR-HPV ( P<0.01), while the sensitivity were similar ( P>0.05). (4) p16 INK4a staining as secondary screening: p16 INK4a was significantly more specific (94.1% vs 89.7%, 91.9% vs 87.4%; P<0.01) and comparably sensitive (84.6% vs 90.8%, 88.2% vs 91.2%; P>0.05) to cytology for triaging primary HR-HPV screening. HPV 16/18 to colposcopy and triage other HR-HPV with p16 INK4a was equally sensitive (88.2% vs 94.1%; P=0.500) and more specific (88.3% vs 83.0%; P<0.01) than HPV 16/18 to colposcopy and triage other HR-HPV with LCT≥ atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS), and the referral rate decreased (14.0% vs 19.4%; P=0.005). Conclusions:For primary screening, p16 INK4a is equally specific to cytology and equally sensitive to HR-HPV screening. p16 INK4a alone could be an efficient triage after primary HR-HPV screening. In addition, p16 INK4a immunostaining could be used as an ancillary tool to cervical cytological diagnosis, and improves its accuracy in cervical cancer screening.

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