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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2298-2306, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981305

ABSTRACT

Tanshinones are one of the main effective components of Salvia miltiorrhiza, which play important roles in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Microbial heterogony production of tanshinones can provide a large number of raw materials for the production of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) preparations containing S. miltiorrhiza, reduce the extraction cost, and relieve the pressure of clinical medication. The biosynthetic pathway of tanshinones contains multiple P450 enzymes, and the catalytic element with high efficiency is the basis of microbial production of tanshinones. In this study, the protein modification of CYP76AK1, a key P450-C20 hydroxylase in tanshinone pathway, was researched. The protein modeling methods SWISS-MODEL, Robetta, and AlphaFold2 were used, and the protein model was analyzed to obtain the reliable protein structure. The semi-rational design of mutant protein was carried out by molecular docking and homologous alignment. The key amino acid sites affecting the oxidation activity of CYP76AK1 were identified by molecular docking. The function of the obtained mutations was studied with yeast expression system, and the CYP76AK1 mutations with continuous oxidation function to 11-hydroxysugiol were obtained. Four key amino acid sites that affected the oxidation acti-vity were analyzed, and the reliability of three protein modeling methods was analyzed according to the mutation results. The effective protein modification sites of CYP76AK1 were reported for the first time in this study, which provides a catalytic element for different oxidation activities at C20 site for the study of the synthetic biology of tanshinones and lays a foundation for the analysis of the conti-nuous oxidation mechanism of P450-C20 modification.


Subject(s)
Oxidoreductases , Biosynthetic Pathways , Molecular Docking Simulation , Reproducibility of Results , Salvia miltiorrhiza/chemistry , Amino Acids/metabolism , Plant Roots/genetics
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 900-907, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970561

ABSTRACT

From the perspective of market classification of Cnidii Fructus, this paper revealed the scientific connotation of evaluating the quality grade of Cnidii Fructus by its appearance traits. Thirty batches of Cnidii Fructus in different grades were selected as the research objects. The canonical correlation analysis and principal component analysis(PCA) were used to explore the measurement values of 15 appearance traits and intrinsic content indexes. The results of correlation analysis showed that except the aspect ratio, the 5 appearance trait indexes(length, width, 1 000-grain weight, broken grain weight proportion, and chroma) and 9 internal content indexes(the content of moisture, total ash, acid insoluble ash, osthole, imperatorin, 5-methoxy psoralen, isopimpinellin, xanthotoxin, and xanthotol) showed significant correlation to varying degrees. In addition, there was a significant positive correlation between the first typical variable U_1 composed of appearance traits and the first typical variable V_1 composed of internal content indexes(CR_1=0.963, P<0.01). The results of PCA showed that the classification results of appearance traits for 30 batches of Cnidii Fructus were consistent with the actual information of the samples. Under the same analysis conditions, 30 batches of Cnidii Fructus were reclassified by 9 groups of internal content indexes, and the analysis results were consistent. From the classification standard of the appearance traits of the system study, the statistical results of 6 appearance traits of Cnidii Fructus showed a correlation with grades. There was a good correlation between the appearance and the internal content of Cnidii Fructus, and the appearance quality effectively predicted the level of the internal content. There is a certain scientific basis for the quality classification of Cnidii Fructus by main appearance traits. Appearance classification can replace quality grading to realize the "quality evaluation through morphological identification" of Cnidii Fructus.


Subject(s)
Fruit , Phenotype , Principal Component Analysis , Population Groups
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1657-1663, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929454

ABSTRACT

The abnormal lipids metabolism is a critical pathological feature of coronary heart disease (CHD). Additional supplemental intake of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) has long been considered to be an effective strategy for preventing CHD, but more and more clinical trials have denied this view. Still, it is ambiguity for the specific mechanism of PUFA in CHD. The experimental programs are compliant with ethical principles for animal use and have been approved by the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of Jinan University. In the present study, we established an animal model by intake of omega-6 PUFA combined acute myocardial ischemia to explore the mechanism of CHD. Intragastric administration of linoleic acid (LA) for 14 days, intraperitoneal injection of isoprenaline (ISO) was applied to induce acute myocardial ischemia for the animal model establishment. The animal ultrasound imaging system was used to detect cardiac function in vivo after ISO injection for 24 h. Serum and heart tissue samples were collected for the myocardial enzyme, phospholipidomics analysis and molecular biological detection. Compared to the LA group, the cardiac function showed that the left ventricular ejection fraction (EF%) and the left ventricular shortening fraction (FS%) decreased, aspaetate aminotransferase (AST), creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) increased in the LA + ISO mice. Compared to the ISO group, the phospholipidomics analysis showed that the PUFAs significantly were raised in the LA + ISO myocardium, and the content of oxidized phosphatidylethanolamine (ox-PE) changed most remarkable. Compared with the ISO group, the molecular biology detection showed that glutathione (GSH) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) were depleted, the end-products of ox-PE were increased, and the level of arachidonic acid 12/15-lipoxygenase (ALOX15) protein expression increased obviously. We suggest that ALOX15 mediated phospholipid peroxidation might be the critical mechanism of LA increased the susceptibility of myocardial ischemia injury. This study provides an experimental basis for whether PUFA could be used as an alternative treatment strategy for CHD prevention and provides a new intervention target for the early prevention strategy of CHD.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 140-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940324

ABSTRACT

In this paper, through consulting relevant records in materia medica, medical and prescription books, and combining with modern literature, the name, origin, producing area, collection and processing of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix in famous classical formulas from The Catalogue of Ancient Famous Classical Formulas (The First Batch) was systematically sorted out and textual research was carried out, in order to provide a basis for the development of the famous classical formulas containing Gentianae macrophyllae Radix. After textual research, it was found that Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix was the rectification of name in the past dynasties. In addition, there were other names such as Qinjiao, Qingua and Qinzhua. Gentiana macrophylla, G. straminea, G. dahurica and G. siphonantha were the main origin of this herb in ancient literature. Among them, G. macrophylla is the mainstream. In the Southern and Northern dynasties, G. straminea and G. macrophylla produced in northern Sichuan were recommended as the best. In the early Tang dynasty, G. macrophylla from the Liupan Mountain area at the border of Shanxi and Gansu provinces was the mainstream. During the Northern Song dynasty, G. siphonantha from Linxia and Qilian Mountain of Gansu province and G. macrophylla from eastern Shaanxi province were two new producing areas. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the abundant base and production areas of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix were gradually formed. In the past dynasties, harvesting was carried out in spring and autumn, and stored mainly by aeration drying or shade drying treatment. The processing methods are mainly the raw products after the net selection, cutting and drying, in addition to the frying, processing with wine and milk. G. macrophylla is recommended as the first choice for the herbal medicine involved in the famous classical formulas. Among them, wild products produced in Gansu and Shaanxi are the best, and raw products are recommended to be used. At the same time, it is suggested that G. siphonantha should be added to the subsequent edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia as one of origins of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5781-5791, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921696

ABSTRACT

Dao-di herbs, produced in a specific region and screened through long-term clinical application, is characterized by high stable quality, good efficacy, and high popularity. With favorable climate conditions, Gansu gives birth to the Dao-di herbs Angelicae Sinensis Radix which is widely used in clinical practice, and multiple regions in Gansu, with similar ecological environment produce Angelicae Sinensis Radix. In this study, the spatial correlation and difference of phenolic acid content in Angelicae Sinensis Radix from Dao-di producing areas, emerging producing areas, and emerging planting areas in Gansu were analyzed based on ArcGIS to explore the "quality(chemical type)" characteristics of genuine Angelicae Sinensis Radix. Moreover, spatial distribution law and main driving factors of the total phenolic acid content in Angelicae Sinensis Radix in Gansu were analyzed based on geodetecctor. This study is expected to lay a basis for Dao-di research and production regionalization of Angelicae Sinensis Radix.


Subject(s)
Angelica sinensis , Cell Differentiation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hydroxybenzoates
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3362-3369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906836

ABSTRACT

Isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase (IDI) is a key enzyme in the regulation of triterpenes biosynthesis and plays an important role in ginsenoside biosynthesis. In this study, two IDI genes, PvfIDI1 (GenBank No. MZ736417) and PvfIDI2 (GenBank No. MZ736418) were cloned from Panax vietnamensis var. fuscidiscus. The open reading frame of both PvfIDI1 and PvfIDI2 was 924 bp encoding 307 amino acids. The molecular weights of PvfIDI1 and PvfIDI2 were 34.84 kDa and 34.66 kDa, respectively, with theoretical pIs of 6.01 and 5.66. Bioinformatic analysis indicated that PvfIDI1 and PvfIDI2 contained two conserved sequences: TNTCCSHPL and WGEHELDY. Phylogenetic analysis showed that PvfIDI1 and PvfIDI2 were closely related to Panax notoginseng IDI. Expression analysis showed that both PvfIDI1 and PvfIDI2 genes are expressed in root, rhizome, stem and leaf of P. vietnamensis var. fuscidiscus. However, PvfIDI1 is highly expressed in the rhizome and PvfIDI2 is highly expressed in the stem. PvfIDI1 and PvfIDI2 recombinant proteins were expressed in E. coli; a functional coloration experiment showed that PvfIDI1 and PvfIDI2 could promote the accumulation of lycopene, indicating that both PvfIDI1 and PvfIDI2 encode functional IDI enzymes. The cloning and functional studies on PvfIDI1 and PvfIDI2 provide a foundation for the further study of IDI and the regulation of ginsenoside biosynthesis in P. vietnamensis var. fuscidiscus.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 226-233, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906321

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the role of quantitative pharmacological models in applicable population of drugs and dose optimization has been widely recognized. In order to improve the efficiency of clinical development and optimize clinical rational drug use, quantitative pharmacological models are being gradually introduced into the research of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). There are various types of quantitative pharmacological models, among which the following three models are commonly used:①Population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model, which is mainly used to explore the pharmacokinetic characteristics in different populations.②Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model, which is used to reveal the internal relationship among dose, time and efficacy. ③PPK-PD model, which integrates both the characteristics of PPK model and PK-PD model. The paper summarizes the application of the above three models in TCM, and extracts the main ideas and methods of TCM model research, in order to provide reference for clinical research and rational use of TCM.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3116-3122, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888051

ABSTRACT

Screening suitable reference genes is the premise of quantitative Real-time PCR(qRT-PCR)for gene expression analysis. To provide stable reference genes for expression analysis of genes in Aconitum vilmorinianum, this study selected 19 candidate re-ference genes(ACT1, ACT2, ACT3, aTUB1, aTUB2, bTUB, 18S rRNA, UBQ, eIF2, eIF3, eIF4, eIF5, CYP, GAPDH1, GAPDH2, PP2A1, PP2A2, ACP, and EF1α) based on the transcriptome data of A. vilmorinianum. qRT-PCR was conducted to profile the expression of these genes in the root, stem, leaf, and flower of A. vilmorinianum. The Ct values showed that 18S rRNA with high expression level and GAPDH2 with large expression difference among organs were not suitable as the reference genes. NormFinder and geNorm showed similar results of the expression stability of the other candidate reference genes and demonstrated PP2A1, EF1α, and CYP as the highly stable ones. However, BestKeeper suggested EF1α, ACT3, and PP2A1 as the top stable genes. In view of the different results from different softwares, the geometric mean method was employed to analyze the expression stability of the candidate re-ference genes, the results of which indicated that PP2A1, EF1α, and ACT3 were the most stable. Based on the comprehensive analysis results of geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, and geometric mean method, PP2A1 and EF1α presented the most stable expression in different organs of A. vilmorinianum. PP2A1 and EF1α were the superior reference genes for gene expression profiling in different organs of A. vilmorinianum.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Gene Expression Profiling , Genes, Plant/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Standards , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 147-153, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801812

ABSTRACT

Objective: To clone the squalene epoxidase genes of Panax vietnamensis var. fuscidiscus(PvfSE),and perform bioinformatics analysis and prokaryotic expression. Method: Total RNA was extracted from root of P. vietnamensis var. fuscidiscus by trizol method, and reverse-transcribed into first stand of cDNA. Specific primers for PvfSE cloning were designed according to the transcriptome data of P. vietnamensis var. fuscidiscus,and the cDNA sequence of PvfSE gene was isolated. Bioinformatics of PvfSE was analyzed by relevant software. The prokaryotic expression vector pMal-c2X-PvfSE was built to express recombinant protein in Escherichia coli cells. Result: The PvfSE gene contained a 1 887 bp open reading frame,encoding a predicted protein of 628 amino acids. The calculated molecular weight was 68.8 kDa,the theoretical isoelectric point was 9.28,the aliphatic index was 95.18,the grand average of hydropathicity was -0.060, and the instability index was 40.36. The protein was unstable. Bioinformatics analysis showed that PvfSE had two transmembrane domains and no signal peptide. PvfSE was most likely to be located in chloroplast or cytoplasmic membrane. PvfSE was a mixed protein with FAD/NAD(P) binding domain and squalene epoxidase domain. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that PvfSE had a relatively close relationship with CpSE1,CpSE3,OsSE1 and OsSE2,which was involved in the biosynthesis of triterpene saponins in Cucurbita pepo and Ononis spinosa. In addition,PvfSE protein was expressed in E. coli. Conclusion: In this study,PvfSE gene was cloned and expressed in BL21(DE3),which lays a foundation for the further study on the gene functions of PvfSE and the biosynthetic pathway of triterpenoid saponins in P. vietnamensis var. fuscidiscus.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 676-683, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779922

ABSTRACT

Tumor microenvironment (TME) is the internal environment of tumor. As a functional unit, the microenvironment determines the occurrence and development of tumors. Hypoxia, inflammation and immunosuppression are three major characteristics of TME. Hypoxia signals involve in multiple immunosuppressive pathway. There is communication among the gut microbiota, chronic inflammation and immunity. The three characteristics are associated with each other to form a complex network affecting the metastasis of the tumor. TME also influences the development of immunotherapy and efficacy of drugs in solid tumor. Therefore, it is important to identify the valuable biomarkers to predict disease progression, to elucidate the mechanistic networks in the microenvironment, to develop microenvironment targeting drugs and effective drug combination strategies to improve the drug efficacy. All of these have a profound clinical value.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2068-2071, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275168

ABSTRACT

The study aims at predicting ecological suitability of Ephedra intermedia in China by using maximum entropy Maxent model combined with GIS, and finding the main ecological factors affecting the distribution of E. intermedia suitability in appropriate growth area. Thirty-eight collected samples of E. intermedia and E. intermedia and 116 distribution information from CVH information using ArcGIS technology were analyzed. MaxEnt model was applied to forecast the E. intermedia in our country's ecology. E. intermedia MaxEnt ROC curve model training data and testing data sets the AUC value was 0.986 and 0.958, respectively, which were greater than 0.9, tending to be 1.The calculated E. intermedia habitat suitability by the model showed a high accuracy and credibility, which indicated that MaxEnt model could well predict the potential distribution area of E. intermedia in China.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3176-3180, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307180

ABSTRACT

This paper is aimed to predict ecology suitability distribution of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix and search the main ecological factors affecting the suitability distribution. The 313 distribution information about G. macrophylla, 186 distribution information about G. straminea, 343 distribution information about G. dauricaand 131 distribution information about G. crasicaulis were collected though investigation and network sharing platform data . The ecology suitable distribution factors for production Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix was analyzed respectively by the software of ArcGIS and MaxEnt with 55 environmental factors. The result of MaxEnt prediction was very well (AUC was above 0.9). The results of predominant factors analysis showed that precipitation and altitude were all the major factors impacting the ecology suitable of Getiana Macrophylla Radix production. G. macrophylla ecology suitable region was mainly concentrated in south of Gansu, Shanxi, central of Shaanxi and east of Qinghai provinces. G. straminea ecology suitable region was mainly concentrated in southwest of Gansu, east of Qinghai, north and northwest of Sichuan, east of Xizang province. G. daurica ecology suitable region was mainly concentrated in south and southwest of Gansu, east of Qinghai, Shanxi and north of Shaanxi province. G. crasicaulis ecology suitable region was mainly concentrated in Sichuan and north of Yunnan, east of Xizang, south of Gansu and east of Qinghai province. The ecological suitability distribution result of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix was consistent with each species actual distribution. The study could provide reference for the collection and protection of wild resources, meanwhile, provide the basis for the selection of cultivation area of Gentiana Macrophylla Radix.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3132-3138, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258406

ABSTRACT

The 79 samples of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix were collected based on the distributed information by document literature. Based on sample information, and using the regression model of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix index component and environmental factors, and combined with the prediction results of ecological suitability by MaxEnt and principal component analysis results of index component, the space distribution of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix was estimated with the spatial analysis function of ArcGIS. The results showed that it had a higher comprehensive quality in south of Shaanxi, south of Gansu, middle of Sichuan and southeast of Xizang. The study results were coinciding with the producing regions of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix. It can provide reference for Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix resource conservation, development and utilization.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 786-792, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230078

ABSTRACT

The study is aimed to analyze the commercial specifications and grades of wild and cultivated Gentianae Macrophllae Radix based on multi-indicative constituents. The seven kinds of main chemical components containing in Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix were determined by UPLC, and then the quality levels of chemical component of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix were clustered and classified by modern statistical methods (canonical correspondence analysis, Fisher discriminant analysis and so on). The quality indices were selected and their correlations were analyzed. Lastly, comprehensively quantitative grade division for quality under different commodity-specifications and different grades of same commodity-specifications of wild and planting were divided. The results provide a basis for a reasonable division of specification and grade of the commodity of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix. The range of quality evaluation of main index components (gentiopicrin, loganin acid and swertiamarin) was proposed, and the Herbal Quality Index (HQI) was introduced. The rank discriminant function was established based on the quality by Fisher discriminant analysis. According to the analysis, the quality of wild and cultivated Luobojiao, one of the commercial specification of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix was the best, Mahuajiao, the other commercial specification, was average , Xiaoqinjiao was inferior. Among grades, the quality of first-class cultivated Luobojiao was the worst, of second class secondary, and the third class the best; The quality of the first-class of wild Luobojiao was secondary, and the second-class the best; The quality of the second-class of Mahuajiao was secondary, and the first-class was the best; the quality of first-class Xiaoqinjiao was secondary, and the second-class was the better one between the two grades, but not obvious significantly. The method provides a new idea and method for evaluation of comprehensively quantitative on the quality of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix.

15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1887-1892, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351245

ABSTRACT

For thousands of years, the natural resource for Chinese materiamedica has been the foundation of the traditional Chinese medicine industry, which provides abundant medicine for human. In recent years, increasing demands and irrational exploitation led to a lot of problems such as rapid decrease of traditional Chinese herbs reserves, low quality of medicine and dismishing traditional cultures. These restricted the development of the traditional Chinese medicine. To solve these problems, scientists have done much work on investigating traditional Chinese medicine resources, exploring the metabolic pathway of bioactive ingredients, cultivating new varieties, and carrying out synthetic biology. These studies provided a theoretical basis for sustainable utilizationand future developmentof traditional Chinese medicine resources.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Conservation of Natural Resources , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Materia Medica , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1439-1443, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246081

ABSTRACT

Tanshinones, the main bioactive compounds of Salvia miltiorrhiza, are the diterpenoid pigments, multiple genes were proved to be involved in their biosynthesis in plants. CYP76AH1 is the initial P450 gene in the tanshinones biosynthetic pathway, its function has been validated by yeast expression and in vitroenzymatic reaction. In order to clarify the function of CYP76AH1 in vivo, in this study, we constructedthe RNA interference of CYP7AH1 in S. miltiorrhiza hairy root. The RNA interference vector with a hairpin structure was constructed using the Gateway technology, and then the interference fragment was integrated into the genome of S. miltiorrhiza mediated by Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Several highly CYP76AH1 interference S. miltiorrhiza hairy roots were obtained for further analysis.


Subject(s)
Agrobacterium , Genetics , Metabolism , Biosynthetic Pathways , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Genetics , Metabolism , Abietanes , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA Interference , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Genetics , Metabolism , Microbiology
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1072-1077, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302345

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of salidroside on proliferation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and their secretion of stem cell factor (SCF). MSC were isolated and amplified in vitro via density gradient centrifugation and adherence screening method. MCS were identified by flow cytometry and osteogenic/adipogenic induction. The effects of salidroside on cell proliferation, cell cycle and the SCF secretion of MSC were detected by flow cytometry. The results showed that the salidroside could induce the proliferation of MSC, peaked at the concentration of 1.5 mg/ml and in a time-dependent manner (in 24 h, 48 h and 72 h). Salidroside at 1.5 mg/ml could more effectively increase the percentage of cells in S and G1/M phase. Co-cultured with salidroside at the concentration of 1.5 mg/ml for 48 h, the SCF and the expression levels of SCF mRNA in co-culture supernatant were both significantly increased (P < 0.01). It is concluded that salidroside in a range of certain concentration can obviously promote the proliferation of MSC and increase the expression and secretion of SCF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Glucosides , Pharmacology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Phenols , Pharmacology , Stem Cell Factor , Bodily Secretions
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 409-414, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342571

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Endovascular stent-graft with fenestration can improve proximal sealing in patients with juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (JAAA). The purpose of this study was to describe our primary experience and evaluate the safety and efficacy of fenestrated device for JAAA in high-risk patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between March 2011 and May 2012, nine male patients (mean age, (79.6 ± 8.6) years) with asymptomatic JAAAs underwent elective deployment of the Zenith fenestrated stent-grafts at a single institution. All patients were treated in the hybrid operating room under general anesthesia. Follow-up computed tomography angiography (CTA) was routinely performed before discharge, at 3, 6, and 12 months and annually thereafter.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Procedural success was achieved in all cases. Total sixteen small fenestrations, two large fenestrations and eight scallops were used. Intra-operative complications occurred in four patients, which included one proximal type I endoleak, two type II endoleaks, and one renal artery dissection. The mean hospital stay was (8.9 ± 1.4) days, mean blood loss was (360.5 ± 46.8) ml, and mean iodinated contrast volume was (230.6 ± 58.3) ml. The mean follow-up time was (7.6 ± 4.2) months. The visceral graft patency was 100% until now. One patient had an increase of serum creatinine of more than 30%, but did not require dialysis. No patients died, no stent fractured, and migration were diagnosed during the follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The early results of fenestrated device for high-risk patients with complex JAAAs are satisfactory. However, long-term fenestrated graft durability and branch vessel patency remain to be determined.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , General Surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Methods , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 620-625, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342528

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Hybrid procedures including debranching of visceral and renal arteries followed by endovascular exclusion of the thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) have recently been proposed as a less invasive alternative to conventional TAAA surgery. This study aimed to evaluate the immediate and long-term outcomes of hybrid procedures for TAAA in high-risk patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between September 1998 and May 2012, 32 high-risk TAAA patients (five females, median age 61.5 years) underwent hybrid procedures at a single institution. Simultaneous approach and staged approach were performed on the basis of patients' conditions. Follow-up computed tomography angiography (CTA) was routinely performed before discharge and at 6, 12 months and annually thereafter.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Procedural success was achieved in all cases. The median hospital stay was (21.5 ± 2.3) days, and the median procedure time was (420 ± 31) minutes. Blood loss averaged (2100 ± 261) ml. A total of 124 visceral artery bypasses was performed. Two patients (6.3%) died within 30 days. One patient exhibited complete paraplegia (3.1%). The visceral graft patency was 96.1% at 3 years. All-cause survival rates were 93.8%, 87.5%, 81.3% and 53.1% at 1, 2, 3 and 5 years, respectively. No patient died due to aortic events. The freedom rates from aortic events were 96.9%, 93.6%, 87.5%, 68.8% at 1, 2, 3 and 5 years, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results of visceral hybrid repair for high-risk patients with complex TAAAs are encouraging. However, the procedure is still a significant physiological insult to patients. Until branched and fenestrated endovascular repair become more common, hybrid procedure will continue to have a role in high-risk patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aortic Dissection , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Methods
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3365-3370, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308653

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To clone and analysis a 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate synthase (SmMCS) full-length eDNA from Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy roots.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A full-length eDNA of SmMCS has been cloned by designing specific primers according to the transcriptome database and using the RACE strategy. ORF Finder was used to find the open reading frame of SmMCS cDNA and ClustalW has been performed to analysis the multiple amino acid sequence alignment. Phylogenetic tree has been constructed using MEGA 5. 1. Real-time quantitative PCR have been applied to detect the transcription level of SmMCS from hairy roots after elicitor Ag+ supplied.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The SmMCS cDNA sequence was obtained. The full length of SmMCS (DNA was 988 bp encoding 234 amino acids. The deduced protein had isoelectric point (pI) of 8.53 and a calculated molecular weight about 24. 6 kDa. Results of real time PCR indicated that elicitor of Ag+ stimulated the increase of mRNA expression of SmMCS in hairy roots, and were increased dramatically at 12 h.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The full-length cDNA of SmMCS was cloned from S. miltiorrhiza hairy root,which can provide a gene target for further studies of tanshinones biosynthesis and terpenoid secondary metabolites.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Cloning, Molecular , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Molecular Sequence Data , Phosphorus-Oxygen Lyases , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Conformation , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Classification , Genetics , Sequence Alignment
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