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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928247

ABSTRACT

Objective This study was designed to determine the methylation profile of four CpGs and the genotypes of two CpG-SNPs located in promoter region of DIO2 in patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD). We also analyzed the interaction between the CpGs methylations and CpG-SNPs. Methods Whole blood specimens were collected from 16 KBD patients and 16 healthy subjects. Four CpGs and two CpG-SNPs in the promoter regions of DIO2 were detected using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The CpGs methylation levels were compared between samples from KBD patients and healthy subjects. The methylation levels were also analyzed in KBD patients with different CpG-SNP genotypes. Results The mRNA expression of DIO2 in whole blood of KBD patients was significnatly lower than in healthy controls (P <0.05). The methylation levels of DIO2-1_CpG_3 in KBD patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (P <0.05). The methylation levels of four CpGs were not significantly different between KBD patients and healthy controls. The methylation level of DIO2-1_CpG_3 in the promoter region of DIO2 in KBD patients with GA/AA genotype was significantly higher than that of KBD patients with GG genotype (P <0.05). Conclusion The methylation level of DIO2 increases in KBD patients. Similar trends exist in KBD carriers of variant genotypes of CpG-SNPs DIO2 rs955849187.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Humans , Iodide Peroxidase/genetics , Kashin-Beck Disease/genetics , Methylation , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Promoter Regions, Genetic
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904110

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Bile duct injury (BDI), which may occur during cholecystectomy procedures and living-donor liver transplantation, leads to life-altering complications and significantly increased mortality and morbidity. Tissue engineering, as an emerging method, has shown great potential to treat BDI. Here, we aimed to explore the application of small intestinal submucosa (SIS) matrix composites with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to treat BDI in a rabbit model. @*METHODS@#Rabbit-derived BMSCs were used as seed cells. Porcine SIS was used as the support material. Five centimetres of the common bile duct was dissected, and 1/3–1/2 of the anterior wall diameter was transversely incised to construct the rabbit BDI model. Then, SIS materials without/with BMSCs were inserted into the common bile duct of the BDI rabbits. After 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks of implantation, the common bile duct was removed. Haematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was used to assess pathological alterations in the common bile duct, while immunohistochemical staining and western blotting were used to detect expression of the epithelial cell markers CK19 and E-cadherin. Scanning electron microscopy was used to evaluate BMSC growth. @*RESULTS@#Compared with BMSCs alone, SIS-attached BMSCs had increased growth. HE staining showed that the injured bile duct healed well and that the complex gradually degraded as the time from implantation increased. Immunohistochemical staining and western blotting showed that compared with the control group, the in vivo complex group had significantly elevated expression levels of CK19 and E-cadherin. @*CONCLUSION@#BMSC implantation into SIS could improve BDI in rabbits, which might have clinical value for BDI treatment.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896406

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Bile duct injury (BDI), which may occur during cholecystectomy procedures and living-donor liver transplantation, leads to life-altering complications and significantly increased mortality and morbidity. Tissue engineering, as an emerging method, has shown great potential to treat BDI. Here, we aimed to explore the application of small intestinal submucosa (SIS) matrix composites with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to treat BDI in a rabbit model. @*METHODS@#Rabbit-derived BMSCs were used as seed cells. Porcine SIS was used as the support material. Five centimetres of the common bile duct was dissected, and 1/3–1/2 of the anterior wall diameter was transversely incised to construct the rabbit BDI model. Then, SIS materials without/with BMSCs were inserted into the common bile duct of the BDI rabbits. After 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks of implantation, the common bile duct was removed. Haematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was used to assess pathological alterations in the common bile duct, while immunohistochemical staining and western blotting were used to detect expression of the epithelial cell markers CK19 and E-cadherin. Scanning electron microscopy was used to evaluate BMSC growth. @*RESULTS@#Compared with BMSCs alone, SIS-attached BMSCs had increased growth. HE staining showed that the injured bile duct healed well and that the complex gradually degraded as the time from implantation increased. Immunohistochemical staining and western blotting showed that compared with the control group, the in vivo complex group had significantly elevated expression levels of CK19 and E-cadherin. @*CONCLUSION@#BMSC implantation into SIS could improve BDI in rabbits, which might have clinical value for BDI treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828024

ABSTRACT

To scientifically evaluate the intervention effect of Chinese medicine preventive administration(combined use of Huo-xiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) on community population in the case of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), a large cohort, prospective, randomized, and parallel-controlled clinical study was conducted. Total 22 065 subjects were included and randomly divided into 2 groups. The non-intervention group was given health guidance only, while the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) intervention group was given two coordinated TCM in addition to health guidance. The medical instructions were as follows. Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid: oral before meals, 10 mL/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days. Jinhao Jiere Granules: dissolve in boiling water and take after meals, 8 g/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days, followed up for 14 days, respectively. The study found that with the intake of medication, the incidence rate of TCM intervention group was basically maintained at a low and continuous stable level(0.01%-0.02%), while the non-intervention group showed an overall trend of continuous growth(0.02%-0.18%) from 3 to 14 days. No suspected or confirmed COVID-19 case occurred in either group. There were 2 cases of colds in the TCM intervention group and 26 cases in the non-intervention group. The incidence of colds in the TCM intervention group was significantly lower(P<0.05) than that in the non-intervention group. In the population of 16-60 years old, the incidence rate of non-intervention and intervention groups were 0.01% and 0.25%, respectively. The difference of colds incidence between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). In the population older than 60 years old, they were 0.04% and 0.21%, respectively. The incidence of colds in the non-intervention group was higher than that in the intervention group, but not reaching statistical difference. The protection rate of TCM for the whole population was 91.8%, especially for the population of age 16-60(95.0%). It was suggested that TCM intervention(combined use of Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) could effectively protect community residents against respiratory diseases, such as colds, which was worthy of promotion in the community. In addition, in terms of safety, the incidence of adverse events and adverse reactions in the TCM intervention group was relatively low, which was basically consistent with the drug instructions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Prospective Studies , Young Adult
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699567

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the safety and efficacy of subthreshold micropulse yellow laser (577 nm) in the treatment of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy with foveal leakage.Methods This was a prospective study of 12 patients (12 eyes) with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).All patients had been treated using multiple spots of subthreshold micropulse yellow laser at 577 nm with a duty cycle of 5% over areas of focal and diffuse leakage.And lweeks,1 months,3 months,and 6 months after treatment,the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA),central macular thickness (CMT) and reduction in subretinal fluid (SRF) were recorded.Results The mean BCVA measured at 6 months after laser treatment was 0.19 ±0.11,which was in comparison to 0.27 ± 0.08 before laser treatment,and the difference was statistically significant (P =0.016).The mean CMT was significantly reduced from (432.42 ±134.17) μm before laser treatment to (248.75 ±36.06) μm after 6 months (P =0.002).The mean SRF height was significantly decreased from (213.58 ± 132.60) μm at baseline to (17.25 ±21.90) μm (P =0.002).At the last follow-up,the SRF had disappeared completely in 6 out of 12 eyes,but there were still 6 eyes suffering from SRF.There was no evidence of retinal or choroidal damage during 6-month follow up.Conclusion Subthreshold micropulse yellow laser (577 nm) is an effective treatment option for chronic CSC with foveal leakage.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 180-187, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342069

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common and serious microvascular complication of diabetes. To date, the gold standard for identifying DN and nondiabetic renal disease (NDRD) is a renal biopsy; however, there is currently no reliable diagnostic marker to identify DN and NDRD in a noninvasive manner. This study aimed to investigate the different glycopatterns in urine specimens of DN patients and NDRD patients for a differential diagnosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In total, 19 DN patients and 18 NDRD patients who underwent renal biopsies between March 2015 and March 2016 at the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital were enrolled in this study. A lectin microarray was used to investigate the glycopatterns in the urinary protein of the 37 patients. Ratio analysis and one-way analysis of variance were used to screen altered glycopatterns. Then, the altered glycopatterns between the DN and NDRD groups were verified by a urinary protein microarray among another 32 patients (15 with DN and 17 with NDRD), and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the diagnostic value of the altered glycopatterns in differentiating DN and NDRD. Finally, lectin blotting was used to evaluate the altered glycosylation in protein level.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The result of lectin microarrays revealed that the relative abundance of the (β-1,4)-linked N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) recognized by lectin Datura stramonium agglutinin (DSA) was significantly higher in urinary protein in DN patients than that in NDRD patients (fold change >1.50, P < 0.001). Subsequently, the results of urinary protein microarrays were consistent with lectin microarrays (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the ROC curve showed that glycopatterns could effectively distinguish DN from NDRD patients (area under the ROC curve = 0.94, P < 0.001). DSA lectin blotting showed that glycoproteins, with a molecular weight of approximately 50,000, demonstrated a difference in urine samples between DN patients and NDRD patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The relative abundance of (β-1,4)-linked GlcNAc recognized by lectin DSA and urinary glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 50,000 are significantly different between DN and NDRD patients, indicating that the glycopatterns could be used as potential biomarkers for a differential diagnosis.</p>

7.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 792-795, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694257

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the pEGFP-C1-CXCL1 eukaryotic expression vector and to investigate the effect of CXCL1 on the proliferation of HepG2 cells under endoplasmic reticulum stress ( ERS).Methods Fragments of CXCL1 were obtained from the cDNA library of HepG2 cells before CXCL1 was cloned into a pEGFP-C1 vector for a recombinant plasmid pEGFP-C1-CXCL1 which was screened and identified by PCR and sequence alignment .Then,the recombinant plas-mid of pEGFP-C1-CXCL1 was transfected into human 293 T cell line and the expression of CXCL 1 was detected by fluores-cence microscopy and Western blotting.pEGFP-C1-CXCL1was furhter transfected into HepG2 cells, and CCK8 was used to detect the inhibitory effect of CXCL1 on tumor proliferation induced by TM in hepatocellular carcinoma .Results pEGFP-C1-CXCL1 was vertified by sequencing analysis .Fluorescence microscopy showed that pEGFP-C1-CXCL1 was transfected into 293T.CXCL1 expression was detected by Western blotting .CCK8 showed that TM inhibited tumor proliferation , while overexpression of CXCL1 decreased the inhabitory rate on cell proliferation of HepG 2 cells under ER stress compared to pEGFP-C1 group and the control group .Conclusion A recombinant pEGFP-C1-CXCL1 plasmid is successfully constructed that can be expressed stably in human 293T cells.Overexpression of CXCL1 can effectively reduce the inhabitory rate of HCC cells induced by the ER stress.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1054-1057, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641889

ABSTRACT

Age-related macular degeneration ( AMD ) is one of a leading worldwide cause of blindness. AMD is a multifactorial disease, and major risk factors include increasing age, current smoking, previous cataract surgery, environmental factors, nutritional factors, genetic markers through genetic regulate complement, lipid, angiogenesis and extracellular matrix. In addition to treatment, epidemiology, risk factors and genetics research of AMD have been significantly progressed. This article will review risk factors of AMD.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3138-3145, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263511

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The effectiveness of chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery (CRTS) in patients with resectable esophageal carcinoma remains controversial. We performed a systematic review of the literature with meta-analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Electronic databases were used to identify published studies between January 1992 and April 2012. Pooled relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was utilized to estimate the strength of the association between CRTS and surgery alone (SA) survival of the resectable esophageal carcinoma patients. Heterogeneity and publication bias were also assessed in the present study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The final analysis of 2755 resectable esophageal carcinoma cases from 21 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are presented. Compared to the SA group, the 1, 3- and 5-year survival rates were significantly higher in the CRTS group (all P < 0.05); the 3- and 5-year survival rates for the Eastern patients, Western patients, patients undergoing concurrent chemoradiotherapy, patients with squamous cell carcinoma, patients undergoing High-dose radiotherapy (≥ 40 Gy), and patients given either "cisplatin + Fluorouracil" or "cisplatin + paclitaxel" chemotherapy were significantly higher in the CRTS group (all P < 0.05). There were no statistical significances in the 3- and 5-year survival rates for patients undergoing sequential chemoradiotherapy or patients with adenocarcinoma between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Compared to the RCTS group, the surgery rate in the SA group was higher (P < 0.05), while the CRTS group had significantly higher radical resection rate, R0 resection rate and lower postoperative local recurrence rate (all P < 0.05). The differences in postoperative complication incidence, post-operative distant metastasis and postoperative mortality rate were not statistically significant between the two groups (all P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CRTS can significantly improve the survival and surgical conditions of patients with resectable esophageal carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Chemoradiotherapy , Esophageal Neoplasms , Mortality , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Humans , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Survival Rate
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237291

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen potential mutation and explore the underlying mechanism for a consanguineous pedigree featuring hereditary coagulation factor Ⅴ (FⅤ) deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical diagnosis was validated by coagulant parameter assays of prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), FⅤ procoagulant activity (FⅤ:C) and FⅤ antigen (FⅤ:Ag). Potential mutations of the F5 gene in the proband and his family members were analyzed by direct DNA sequencing of PCR products of all exons, exon-intron boundaries and 3', 5' untranslated regions. Suspected mutation was confirmed by reverse sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The PT and APTT in the proband were significantly prolonged, which measured 23.5 s (reference range 11.8-14.8 s) and 50.5 s (reference range 27.0-41.0 s), respectively. FⅤ activity and FⅤ antigen of the proband were significantly reduced to 8% and <1%, respectively. PT and APTT in the younger sister of the proband were also significantly prolonged (24.1 s and 62.4 s, respectively). Her FⅤ activity and FⅤ antigen were also significantly decreased (7% and <1%, respectively). PT and APTT of other family members were within the normal range. The homozygous missence mutation causing T→C transition at position 29170 in exon 5 of F5 gene has resulted in a Phe190Ser substitution in the proband. His younger sister was also homozygous for Phe190Ser. Heterozygosity for Phe190Ser was confirmed in his elder brother, elder sister, two daughters and niece, and their FⅤ activity were slightly decreased (57%, 73%, 72%, 66% and 75%, respectively). A normal wild type was observed in two younger brothers of the proband, and their FⅤ activity and FⅤ antigen were in the normal range.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Homozygous missence mutation of Phe190Ser has been found in above family featuring hereditary FⅤ deficiency. The homozygous missence mutation was inherited from the parents by consanguineous marriage. Phe190Ser probably underlies may underlie the pathogenesis of hereditary FⅤ deficiency in this pedigree.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Consanguinity , Factor V , Genetics , Factor V Deficiency , Blood , Genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation, Missense , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Pedigree , Prothrombin Time , Sequence Analysis, DNA
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 767-770, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272117

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze genetic mutation and explore its molecular pathogenesis for an hereditary protein C (PC) deficient consanguineous pedigree.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The pedigree included three generations and contained eight members. PC activity (PC:A), PC antigen (PC:Ag) and other coagulant parameters were detected for all family members. Protein C gene (PROC) include all the exons and intron exon boundaries were amplified by PCR for the proband, then analyzed by direct sequencing. Mutation sites were detected for the other family members.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The PC:A and PC:Ag in the proband plasma were 20% (normal range 70% -140%) and 13.2% (normal range 70%-130%). A homozygous missense mutation g.6128T>G in exon 7 resulting in Phe139Val was identified in the proband. The PC:A and PC:Ag in her younger brother were 31% and 18.90%, Phe139Val homozygous was also found. The left family members were heterozygous for Phe139Val.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Phe139Val homozygous missense mutation in exon 7 of PROC caused serious hereditary protein C deficiency. We speculated that homozygous mutation might be resulted from this consanguineous marriage.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Consanguinity , Female , Homozygote , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Pedigree , Protein C , Genetics , Protein C Deficiency , Genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 200-204, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235464

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the genotype and pathogenesis in four Chinese pedigrees with Factor Ⅻ deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), FⅫ procoagulant activity (FⅫ∶C), FⅫ antigen(FⅫ∶Ag)and other coagulant parameters were detected. The FⅫ deficiency Pedigree members,all exons,boundary introns including the splice junctions of the FⅫ gene were amplified with Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Expression plasmids were constructed by mutagenesis based on the wild-type and transfected into COS7 cells. FⅫ∶C and FⅫ∶Ag of the expression levels were tested in the supernatant and cell lysate.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The four probands presented prolonged APTT with all the values of FⅫ∶C and FⅫ∶Ag were low to 2% and 1%, respectively. There were common 46C/T polymorphism in the promoter regions of FⅫ gene in four pedigrees. Proband A was heterozygous for two mutations, g.5741-5742delCA (His101Gln) and g.7142insertC (Lys346Gln). Proband B was a heterozygous deletion mutation g.6800-6808del9bp. The results of the transfection revealed that FⅫ∶Ag in cell lysates and conditioned media protein FⅫ6800-6808del9bp were 85.6% and 51.9%. The FⅫ∶C in the conditioned media was 56.4%. Proband C was a heterozygous mutation g.8699G>A(Gly542Ser). Proband D was a homozygous mutation 8699G>A, whose parents with consanguineous marriage.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Four mutations, g.5741-5742delCA, g.7142insertC, g.6800-6808del9bp and g.8699G>A with 46C/T polymorphism in the promoter regions of FⅫ gene, were identified in the four Factor Ⅻ deficiency pedigrees. The two mutations g.5741-5742delCA and g.6800-6808del9bp were first found in China. FⅫ 6800-6808del9bp expressed in vitro suggested that almost normal proteinum synthesis but defect proteinum secretion.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , DNA Mutational Analysis , Factor XII , Genetics , Factor XII Deficiency , Genetics , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Mutation , Pedigree , Polymorphism, Genetic
13.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 580-583, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643124

ABSTRACT

Objective To find out whether people in Xinzhou Shanxi know the hazard of both iodine deficiency disorders and drinking-water-borne endemic tluorosis,in Xinzhou Shanxi and to promote people actively participate in prevention of the diseases and to achieve a sustainable development of health education in endemic diseases.Methods Ningwu,Baode,Kelan and Jingle Counties were selected to carry out the.health education program of iodine deficiency disorders and Wutai,Xinfu and Fanshi counties were selected to carry out the health education project of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis in Xinzhou City Shanxi Province in 2011.To carry out the base line questionnaire survey,in the beginning and at the end of the project,three townships from each county were chosen,and one primary school was selected from each chosen township,15 housewives were selected from each chosen township and 30 fifth grade students were selected from each primary school.Results ① The baseline survey:a total of 366 pupils of grade 5 and 183 housewives were investigated,and the awareness rate of iodine deficiency disorders was 77.41% (850/1098) and 80.33% (441/549),respectively; a total of 270 pupils of grade 5 and 138 housewives were investigated,and the awareness rate of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis was 80.74% (654/810) and 81.40% (337/414),respectively; ② The effect evaluation:a total of 366 pupils of grade 5 and 181 housewives were investigated,and the awareness rates of iodine deficiency disorders were 91.62% (1006/1098) and 92.45% (502/543),which were compared with that of baseline investigation,and the awareness rates were improved significantly (x2 =84.69,34.04,all P < 0.01); a total of 270 pupils of grade 5 and 138 housewives were investigated,awareness rates of drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis were 93.95% (761/810) and 93.48%(387/414),which were compared with that of baseline survey,and the awareness rates were improved significantly(x2 =63.94,27.47,all P < 0.01).Conclusions After implementation of health education project on endemic diseases,the self-protection awareness of the fifth grade students and housewives is promoted effectively,awareness of prevention knowledge on endemic diseases is raised,which lays a foundation for controlling and eliminating the endemic diseases.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 275-279, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262014

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the differentially expressed serum proteins in patients with hepatoma carcinoma and identify a putative diagnostic marker.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) labeling method and LC-MALDI-TOF/TOF MS detection method were used to quantify serum proteins in hepatocellular carcinoma patients (n =20) and healthy individuals (n =20). Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to verify the differentially expressed proteins by analyzing the corresponding mRNA expression levels in the hepatic carcinoma and healthy hepatocyte samples, as well as in 30 pairs of patient-matched hepatic carcinoma and adjacent normal tissue samples. Western blot analysis was used to verify the protein expression in hepatic carcinoma cells.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Fifty-one proteins were significantly differentially expressed between the hepatic carcinoma group and healthy controls. The iTRAQ protein profile showed that the serum level of clusterin was significantly lower in hepatoma carcinoma patients. The mRNA level of clusterin was 20-fold lower in hepatic carcinoma cells than in healthy hepatocytes, and was 2.38-fold lower in hepatoma tissues than that in adjacent normal tissues. The clusterin protein levels were significantly lower in hepatic carcinoma cells (8.06 vs normal hepatocytes: 27.81; P less than 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The serum expression of clusterin is significantly decreased in both serum and tissues of hepatic carcinoma patients. The relationship between hepatic carcinoma and clusterin should be evaluated in future studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Clusterin , Blood , Metabolism , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Metabolism , Mass Spectrometry , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Tumor Cells, Cultured
15.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 909-914, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256984

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a suitable protocol for activating mouse somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos with strontium chloride (SrCl2).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We constructed and identified mouse nuclear transfer (NT) embryos. After nuclear injection, we activated the NT embryos using the following chemical activation methods: exposing the NT embryos to 5 and 10 mmol/L SrCl2 strontium for 1 -8 h, activating the NT embryos with 1-20 mmol/L SrCl2 strontium at 4 and 6 h, treating the NT embryos with 10 mmol/L SrCl2 strontium in different activating media, and exposing the NT embryos to 10 mmol/L SrCl2 strontium combined with 6-dimethylaminopurine (6-DMAP) and cytochalasin B (CB). After activation, the NT embryos were cultured in vitro in the cleavage medium.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>When the NT embryos were treated with SrCl2 at the concentration of 5 mmol/L, the cleavage rate was remarkably higher at 6 h (38.9%) than at 1 h (6.7%), 2 h (22.8%), 3 h (22.8%) and 4 h (25.6%) (P < 0.05), but with no significant differences from those at 5 h (28.9%), 7 h (34.4%) and 8 h (28.9%) (P > 0.05). When the NT embryos were treated with SrCl2 for 6 h, the rates of cleavage and blastulation were 68.9% and 7.2% at 10 mmol/L, markedly higher than at 1 mmol/L (28.3% and 0%), 2.5 mmol/L (35.6% and 0%), 5 mmol/L (37.8% and 1.1%), 7.5 mmol/L (60.6% and 2.2%), 15 mmol/L (51.7% and 1.1%), and 20 mmol/L (41.7% and 1.1%) (P < 0.05). The cleavage rate of the NT embryos cultured in the Ca2+ and Mg2+ KSOM medium was 27.8%, significantly lower than in the Ca(2+)-free KSOM (69.4%), Ca2+/Mg(2+)-free KSOM (66.1%), and Ca2+/Mg(2+)-free + EDTA KSOM (68.3%) (P < 0.05). The total cell blastocyst number was significantly larger in the NT embryos treated with SrCl2 + CB (45.40 +/- 2.23) than in those treated with SrCl2 (30.15 +/- 1.12), 6-DMAP (34.95 +/- 1.38), and 6-DMAP + CB (37.45 +/- 1.43) (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Six-hour treatment with 10 mmol/L SrCl2 in Ca2+ alone or in combination with CB can well activate NT embryos in mice.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blastocyst , Cell Biology , Embryo Culture Techniques , Embryo, Mammalian , Cell Biology , Embryonic Development , Female , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Nuclear Transfer Techniques , Oocytes , Cell Biology , Strontium , Pharmacology
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 305-309, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266172

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of stromal cells on the Kallikrein 7 (KLK7) expression of epithelial cells in benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We constructed a stromal-epithelial co-culture model after separating the two types of cells from BPH tissues and identifying them by cell morphology and chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA). The expression of KLK7 mRNA was detected by RT-PCR in the epithelial cells with or without the stromal cells, and that of the KLK7 protein (hK7) determined by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Stromal and epithelial cells were successfully separated and identified, and a stromal-epithelial co-culture model successfully established. RT-PCR showed that the mRNA expression of the KLK7 gene was higher in the epithelial cells co-cultured with stromal cells than in the epithelial cells alone, and the gray value of KLK7 to GAPDH was 1.41 +/- 0.041 in the former and 1.78 +/- 0.10 in the latter (P < 0.01). The results of Western blot were consistent with those of RT-PCR.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Stromal cells can suppress the expression of the KLK7 gene in the epithelial cells in BPH. KLK7 may be involved in the change of epithelial cells stimulated by stromal cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Humans , Kallikreins , Metabolism , Male , Prostate , Metabolism , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Metabolism , Pathology , Stromal Cells , Metabolism
17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 749-754, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268326

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the predictive value of baseline serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein for the first cardio-cerebral vascular event in the population with diabetes.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>In this prospective cohort study, a total of 101 510 employees of Kai Luan Group, who received healthy examination from July 2006 to October 2007, were screened and 7865 subjects with fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L or known diabetes mellitus and under insulin or hypoglycemic drugs therapy were followed up for 38 - 53 (48.02 ± 3.14) months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Incidence rates of total cardio-cerebral vascular events, cerebral infarction and myocardial infarction increased in proportion to increased levels of baseline hsCRP (P < 0.01). After adjusting for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and cigarette smoking, multivariate Cox's proportional hazards regression analysis indicated that the individuals in the highest quartile of hsCRP levels group (hsCRP ≥ 2.50 mg/L) had an increased risk of total cardio-cerebral vascular events (RR: 1.64, 95% CI: 1.20 - 2.24), cerebral infarction (RR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.03 - 2.24), myocardial infarction (RR: 2.57, 95% CI: 1.34 - 4.91) compared with those in the lowest quartile group (hsCRP < 0.41 mg/L). (2) Higher baseline hsCRP levels were associated with aging, female gender, higher BMI, SBP, DBP, fasting blood glucose, TC, TG, LDL-C levels and lower HDL-C levels (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Baseline hsCRP level is associated with increased first cardio-cerebral vascular event in the population with diabetes.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Cardiovascular Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Blood , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 424-426, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641448

ABSTRACT

We report a case of retinal detachment in morning glory syndrome(MGS). We think that identification of the retinal break, removal of the traction force by vitrectomy, the use of long-acting gas as endotamponade, all contributed to the successful treatment of the disease. The pathogenic mechanisms of the disease and the function of B-scan to the diagnosis are included.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 776-780, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341037

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the yield of HIV antibody testing strategy currently used on different populations, in China. Methods (1) The following samples were collected and tested according to the currently used HIV antibody testing strategy in China. 103 133 samples from the general populations (outpatients, new recruits and blood donors), 1276 people under high risk (spouses of the HIV infected individuals, intravenous drug users) and 2323 biochemical or immunological abnormal samples. (2) Retrospective analysis was done on data from the HIV testing among outpatients in General Hospital of People's Armed Police Forces, from Jan., 2002 to Dec.,2008 and in three provincial central HIV test and confirmatory laboratories. Results (1) The yields of HIV antibody screening were significantly different in different populations. The probability of screening reactive to be true positive was 50% in high risk population, significantly higher than in the general population. The probability of screening reactive to be true positive was 19.58% in the confirmatory laboratory mainly towards the general population, but significantly lower than results from the confirmatory laboratories done on the high risk population. (2) From 2002 to 2008, in the General Hospital of People's Armed Police Forces, the probability of screening reactive to be true positive in the clinical HIV test was increasing from 3.7% to 16.0%, where as the efficiency of the repeat screening testing decreased from 92.6% to 61.5%. Conclusion The predictive value of HIV antibody screening reactive was significantly greater in high risk population than in general population. The precision of HIV antibody initial screening was substantially increased with the improvement of HIV antibody test kits and of quality control in the HIV test laboratories in recent years. It is suggested that different HIV test strategies to be implemented in different populations.

20.
China Biotechnology ; (12): 25-31, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735629

ABSTRACT

In plants, oxidative stress is one of the major causes of damage as a result of various environmental stresses and it is primarily due to the excessive accumulation of reactive oxygen species. To develop transgenic potato plants with enhanced tolerance to environmental stress, transgenic potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Atlantic) expressing the Cu/ZnSOD and APX genes in chloroplasts were generated under the control of the oxidative stress-inducible promoter. To investigate oxidative stress tolerance, transgenic plants were evaluated at the level of leaf discs and plantlets after methyl viologen (MV) and salt treatment. Leaf discs from transgenic potato plants showed 13% less membrane damage compared to non-transgenic (NT) plants suffering 10 μmol/L MV treatment of 48 h, and showed 1.6-fold higher chlorophyll contents than those of NT plants at 1.0mol/L NaCl treatment (31% vs. 19%). In addition, transgenic potato plants maintained higher rooting rates (75%) during 100mmol/L NaCl treatment than those (12%) from NT plants. Moreover, the tolerance to salt stress in transgenic plants was consistent to increased transcript levels and higher activities of SOD and APX compared to NT plants. These results suggest that expression of Cu/ZnSOD and APX in chloroplasts could be used in plants to enhance the tolerance to environmental stresses.

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