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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1885-1891, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981407

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents from the stems and leaves of Humulus scandens, this study isolated thirteen compounds by different chromatographic methods including silica gel column, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and preparative HPLC. Based on comprehensive analysis, the chemical structures were elucidated and identified as citrunohin A(1), chrysosplenetin(2), casticin(3), neoechinulin A(4), ethyl 1H-indole-3-carboxylate(5), 3-hydroxyacetyl-indole(6),(1H-indol-3-yl) oxoacetamide(7), inonotusic acid(8), arteannuin B(9), xanthotoxol(10), α-tocopherol quinone(11), eicosanyl-trans-p-coumarate(12), and 9-oxo-(10E,12E)-octadecadienoic acid(13). Among them, compound 1 was a new dihydrochalcone, and the other compounds were obtained from H. scandens for the first time.


Subject(s)
Humulus , Chalcones , Indoles , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3123-3132, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888052

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from the leaves of Ilex guayusa were investigated. Sixteen triterpenoids were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of dried leaves of I. guayusa by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS column chromatographies and semi-prepa-rative HPLC. Those triterpenoids were identified by NMR, HR-MS, and literature analysis: 3β-hydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-24-nor-urs-4(23)-ene-28,13β-olide(1), 3β-hydroxy-24-nor-4(23),12-oleanadien-28-methyl ester(2), oleanolic acid(3), 3β,28-dihydroxy-12-oleanene(4), 2α,3β-dihydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-24-'nor-olean-4(23)-ene-28,13β-olide(5), ursolic acid(6), 3β,23-dihydroxy ursolic acid(7), 3β,28-dihydroxy-12-ursene(8), 3β-28-nor-urs-12-ene-3,17-diol(9), 3β-hydroxyurs-11-ene-28,13β-olide(10), 13β,28-epoxy-3β-hydroxy-11-ursene(11), 3β-hydroxy-28,28-dimethoxy-12-ursene(12), 3β-hydroxy-24-nor-urs-4(23),12-dien-28-oic acid(13), 3β-hydroxy-24-nor-urs-4(23),12-dien-28-methyl ester(14), 2α,3β-dihydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-24-nor-urs-4(23)-ene-28,13β-olide(15) and 2α,3β-dihydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-24-nor-urs-4(23),20(30)-dien-28,13β-olide(16). Compounds 1-2 were new compounds, and compounds 4-5, 7 and 9-16 were isolated from I. guayusa for the first time.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ilex guayusa , Molecular Structure , Oleanolic Acid , Plant Leaves , Triterpenes
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3364-3367, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887986

ABSTRACT

Mansoa alliacea,commonly known as garlic vine,is native to the tropical rain forests of South America and widely cultivated in South China. As a popular folk medicine with various biological activities,however,this plant remains to be fully elucidated in terms of its phytochemical constituents. In this study,two new pyranonaphthoquinones were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the leaves and twigs of M. alliacea by various chromatographic approaches including silica gel,octadecyl silica( ODS),Sephadex LH-20,and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography( PHPLC). Their structures were determined to be 8,9-dimethoxy-α-lapachone( 1) and 7-hydroxy-8,9-dimethoxy-α-lapachone( 2) by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and therefore respectively named as mansonin A( 1) and mansonin B( 2).


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Phytochemicals , Plant Leaves
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2509-2513, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879154

ABSTRACT

In order to study the alkaloids from branches and leaves of Ervatamia hainanensis, silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and HPLC chromatography were used to obtain six alkaloids from the branches and leaves of E. hainanensis with use of. Based on the physicochemical properties and spectral data, their structures were identified as 10-hydroxydemethylhirsuteine(1), 3R-hydroxycoronaridine(2), 3-(2-oxopropyl)coronaridine(3), pandine(4), 16-epi-vobasine(5), and 16-epi-vobasinic acid(6). Among them, compound 1 was a new monoterpenoid indole alkaloid, and compounds 5 and 6 were obtained from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Molecular Structure , Plant Leaves , Tabernaemontana
5.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 337-344, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872420

ABSTRACT

Objective: By observing the body surface temperature changes of different meridian acupoints located at the same or adjacent spinal segments of the uterus during the whole storing and releasing process of the uterus under normal physiological condition by the infrared thermal imaging technology, to explore the specific patterns that the functions of Zang-fu organs are reflected on the biophysical characteristics of acupoints, and to enrich the functional specificity theory of the meridian acupoints, thus to provide a reference for discussing the biophysical characteristics of meridian acupoints associated with the menstrual cycle in healthy female college students. Methods: Ninety healthy subjects were included. Infrared thermal imaging device was used to detect the body surface temperature of the Yuan-Primary points, the Xi-Cleft points, the crossing points, the non-specific points, the unrelated meridian acupoints and the non-meridian non-acupoint points of the three yin meridians of foot located at the same or adjacent spinal cord segment with uterus, during the menstrual phase, the follicular phase, the ovulation phase and the luteal phase. The absolute skin temperature difference between the left and right acupoints with the same name was used as the main outcome indicator. Results: The temperature difference between left and right Diji (SP 8, the Xi-Cleft point of the Spleen Meridian) during the ovulation phase was significantly higher than that during the other 3 phases (all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the temperature difference between the other meridian acupoints and non-meridian non-acupoint points during the 4 phases (all P>0.05); the absolute temperature difference value of each meridian acupoint was not statistically different from each other in the same phase (all P>0.05). Conclusion: The temperature of Diji (SP 8) specifically reflected the onset of ovulation, and the thermal characteristics of Diji (SP 8) specifically reflected the physiological changes of uterus. The meridian acupoints reflecting the performance of Zang-fu function is not only associated with the spinal cord segment innervating the acupoints, but also associated with the characteristics of the acupoints and the meridians to which the acupoints belong.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 294-297, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789034

ABSTRACT

Four alkaloids were isolated from the total alkaloids of the twigs and leaves of Alstonia yunnanensis (Apocynaceae) by using silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, and HPLC chromatography. Structures were determined by physical, chemical and spectroscopic methods and identified as N4-methylpseudoakuammigine (1), pseudoakuammigine (2), vinorine (3), picraline (4). Among them, compound 1 is a new monoterpenoid indole alkaloid.

7.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 196-202, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756716

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of auricular point pricking-bloodletting plus auricular point sticking therapy for acne vulgaris. Methods: A total of 66 patients with acne vulgaris were randomized into an observation group and a control group by the random number table, with 33 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with auricular point pricking-bloodletting plus auricular point sticking therapy, and the control group was treated only with auricular point sticking therapy. The treatments of both groups were performed twice a week, 4 weeks as a course of treatment, for 3 courses in total. The scores of skin lesions and dermatology life quality index (DLQI) scores were recorded before and after treatment to assess the clinical efficacy. Results: During the trial, there were 3 cases of drop-out both in the observation group and the control group. After 3 courses of treatment, the total effective rate of the observation group was 96.7%, while that of the control group was 76.7%. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). The intra-group comparison showed that the scores of skin lesion and DLQI were both decreased with the increase of treatment times, that was, the scores were lower than those at the previous time point (allP<0.05). After 1, 2, and 3 courses of treatment, the scores of skin lesion and DLQI of both groups were statistically different from those of the same group before treatment (allP<0.05). At every time point during the treatment, the scores of skin lesion and DLQI of the observation group were lower than those of the control group, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Auricular point pricking-bloodletting plus auricular point sticking has a better curative effect than auricular point sticking therapy alone in the treatment of acne vulgaris, and has a time-effect correlation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 918-923, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781237

ABSTRACT

Four new corynanthe-type alkaloids, meloslines C-F (1-4), together with four known ones (5-8) were isolated from the roots of Alstonia scholaris. Their structures including absolute configurations were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculation. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited potent vasorelaxant activity on endothelium-intact renal arteries precontracted with KCl.

9.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 297-302, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712690

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) of three different frequencies (2 Hz,80 Hz and 2 Hz/80 Hz) on the free radicals in hippocampus of vascular dementia (VD) model mice.Methods:A total of 100 Kunming mice were randomly divided into a sham operation group,a model group,a 2 Hz EA group,an 80 Hz EA group and a 2 Hz/80 Hz EA group,with 20 mice in each group.The ischemia-reperfusion VD model was established by repeated blockade of bilateral common carotid arteries.Mice in EA groups began EA treatment on the 4th day after the operation.Baihui (GV 20),Dazhui (GV 14),Geshu (BL 17) and Zusanli (ST 36) were punctured and then connected to EA instrument,with different waves of 2 Hz,80 Hz or 2 Hz/80 Hz (10 min/time) applied accordingly,once a day.During the jumping stand experiment,the learning performance,memory performance and hippocampal calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP),nitric oxide synthase (NOS),malondialdehyde (MDA),changes in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and true choline esterase (TChE) were observed.In hippocampus,the CGRP level was determined by radioimmunoassay;the MDA level was determined by thiobarbituric acid colorimetric method;the activities of NOS and TChE were determined by spectrophotometry;the activity of SOD was determined by xanthine oxidase method.Results:Compared with the sham operation group,the performances of learning and memory decreased significantly in the model group (P<0.01);in hippocampus,the CGRP level decreased,the MDA level increased,the activities of NOS and TChE increased,and the activity of SOD decreased in the model group.Compared with the model group,the learning and memory performances of the EA groups were significantly improved (P<0.05 or P<0.01);in hippocampus,the CGRP level increased,the MDA level decreased,the NOS and TChE activities decreased,and the SOD activity increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01).Among EA groups,the 2 Hz/80 Hz EA group was superior to the 2 Hz EA group and the 80 Hz EA group (P<0.05 or P<0.01).Conclusion:EA can improve the cognitive impairment of mice with ischemia-reperfusion VD.The mechanism may be related to the improvement of cerebral blood circulation,regulation of the central neurotransmitters,fighting lipid peroxidation and promoting nerve cell repair.The therapeutic effects of EA with different frequencies were different,and the intervention effect by EA at 2 Hz/80Hz is the most significant.

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2091-2096, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690526

ABSTRACT

Nineteen compounds were isolated from the roots of Isatis indigotica through silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS and pre-HPLC chromatography technique. Their structures were elucidated by the MS and NMR spectra as 7-hydroxydeoxyvasicinone (1), (1H-indol-3-yl) oxoacetamide (2), 1-methoxy-1H-indole-3-acetonitrile (3), arvelexin (4), 1H-indole-3-acetonitrile (5), 1H-indole-3-aldehyde (6), 1H-indole-3-acetic acid (7), 2,3-dihydro-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-indole-3-acetonitrile (8), deoxyvasicinone (9), indigotiisocoumarin A (10), cycloanthranilylproline (11), quinazoline-2,4(1H,3H)-diones (12), indirubin(13), (+)-pinoresinol (14), (+)-epipinoresinol (15), burselignan (16), (+)-isolariciresinol (17),vanillic acid (18) and 5-hydroxymaltol (19). Among them, compound 1 is a new natural product, and compound 2, 14, 15, 18 and 19 were isolated from the title plant for the first time.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1471-1475, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687274

ABSTRACT

To inverstigate the alkaloids from the twigs and leaves of Ervatamia pandacaqui, eleven known alkaloids were isolated by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS column chromatography, as well as RP-HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by UV, IR, MS, and NMR spectral data as coronaridine (1), 3-oxocoronaridine (2), 19S-heyneanine (3), 19R-heyneanine (4), voacangine (5), 3-oxovoacangine (6), voacristine (7), 19-epi-voacristine (8), iso-voacangine (9), coronaridine 7-hydroxyindolenine (10), and voacangine 7-hydroxyindolenine (11). Compounds 1-11 were isolated from E. pandacaqui for the first time.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4615-4620, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231012

ABSTRACT

Eleven lignans were isolated from the ethanol extract of the barks of Ailanthus altissima through various column chromatography methods including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS and HPLC. By physical, chemical and comprehensive spectroscopic methods, their structures were identified as (+)-neoolivil(1), prunustosanan AI (2), (7S,8R)-guaiacyl-glycerol-β-O-4'-neolignan (3), (7R,8S)-guaiacyl-glycerol-β-O-4'-neolignan (4), (7S,8R)-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-[4-(3-hydroxypropyl)-2,6-dimethoxyphenoxy]-1,3-propanediol(5), pinnatifidanin B V (6), pinnatifidanin B VI (7), (7R,7'R,7″S,8S,8'S,8″S)-4',4″-dihydroxy-3,3',3″,5-tetramethoxy-7,9':7',9-diepoxy-4,8″-oxy-8,8'-sesquineolignan-7″,9″-diol (8), hedyotol D (9), 5-(2-propenyl)-7-methoxy-2-(3,4-methylenediovxyphenyl)benzofuran (10), and (7R,8S,7'E)-guaiacyl-glycerol-β-O-4'-sinapyl ether(11).All of these compounds were isolated from this plant for the first time.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1622-1624, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320033

ABSTRACT

This study was performed to investigate the chemical constituents in the twigs and leaves of Harrisonia perforate. Six compounds were isolated from the 95% EtOH extract of the twigs and leaves of Harrisonia perforate by silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies and preparative HPLC. On the basis of chemical properties and spectra data, these compounds were identified as harriperfin E (1), kihadanin A (2), kihadanin B (3), 6α-acetoxyobacunol acetate (4), gardaubryone C (5), and β-sitosterol methyl ether (6), respectively. Compound 1 is a new chromone, and compounds 2-6 are isolated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Chemistry , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Simaroubaceae , Chemistry
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1024-1029, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321373

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents of the 95% ethanol extract of Psidium guajava. Compounds were separated by using a combination of various chromatographic methods including silica gel, D101 macroporous resin, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by physicochemical properties and spectral data Eighteen compounds were isolated and identified as (+) -globulol (1), clovane-2beta, 9alpha-diol (2), 2beta-acetoxyclovan-9alpha-ol (3), (+) -caryolane-1 ,9beta-diol (4), ent-T-muurolol (5), clov-2-ene-9alpha-ol (6), isophytol (7), tamarixetin (8), gossypetin (9), quercetin (10), kaempferol (11), guajaverin (12), avicularin (13), chrysin 6-C-glucoside (14), 3'-O-methyl-3, 4-methylenedioxyellagic acid 4'-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (15), p-hydroxy-benzoic acid (16), guavinoside A (17) and guavinoside B (18). Compounds 2-9 and 14-16 were isolated from this plant for the first time. The ethanol extract showed 61.3% inhibition against the proliferation of colon cancer cell line SW480.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Organic Chemicals , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Psidium , Chemistry
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1390-1393, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294103

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents in the twigs and leaves of Melodinus hemsleyanus. The chemical constituents were isolated by silica gel, ODS and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies. Their structures were determined by chemical and spectroscopic methods. Fourteen compounds were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the twigs and leaves of M. hemsleyanus. Their structures were identified as 11-hydroxytabersonine (1) , venalstonid (2), sandine (3), oleanolic acid (4), ursolic acid (5), betulin (6) , (+)-pinoresinol (7), (-)-syringaresinol (8), 8-hydroxypinoresinol (9), (-)-latifolin (10) , cirsilineol (11) , loganin (12) , dibutylterephthalate (13) , and beta-sitosterol(14). Compounds 4-14 were obtained from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Apocynaceae , Chemistry , Herbal Medicine , Lignans , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Triterpenes
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1548-1551, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294071

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents in the twigs and leaves of Melodinus hemsleyanus. The chemical constituents were isolated by silica gel, ODS and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies. Their structures were determined by chemical and spectroscopic methods. Fourteen compounds were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the twigs and leaves of M. hemsleyanus. Their structures were identified as 11-hydroxytabersonine (1), venalstonid (2), sandine (3), oleanolic acid (4), ursolic acid (5), betulin (6), (+)-pinoresinol (7), (-)-syringaresinol (8), 8-hydroxypinoresinol (9), (-)-latifolin (10), cirsilineol (11), loganin (12), dibutylterephthalate (13), and beta-sitosterol (14). Compounds 4-14 were obtained from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Apocynaceae , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Structure , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3696-3701, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291300

ABSTRACT

Seventeen compounds were isolated from the 95% ethanolic extract of the root of Ficus hirta. Their structures were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral data analysis. The structures were elucidated as cyclomorusin (1), 3-O-[(6-O-E-sinapoyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-(1 --> 2)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), 3,5,4'-trihydroxy-6,7,3'-trimethoxyflavone (3), quercetin (4), tricin (5), acacetin (6), luteolin (7), apigenin (8), (E) -suberenol (9), meranzin hydrate (10), methyl eugenol (11), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxybenzoic acid (12), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (13), methyl chlorogenate (14), emodin (15), alpha-amyrin acetate (16), and beta-sitosterol emodin (17), respectively. Compounds 1-6, 9-15 were isolated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Ficus , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Structure
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 747-751, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354539

ABSTRACT

To study chemical constituents of the leaves of Nauclea officinalis, eight alkaloids were isolated from 95% ethanol extract by various chromatographic methods. The structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data (IR, UV, ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR) and identified as naucleactonin C (1), strictosamide (2), vincosamide (3), pumiloside (4), angustoline (5), angustine (6), 18, 19-dihydroangustine (7) and naucleofficine D (8). Compound 1 is a new indole alkaloid. Compounds 6 and 7 were isolated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chemistry , Camptothecin , Chemistry , Indole Alkaloids , Chemistry , Indoles , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rubiaceae , Chemistry , Vinca Alkaloids , Chemistry
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 471-474, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353373

ABSTRACT

Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don is a plant of the Catharanthus genus of Apocynaceae which has been reported to have therapeutic effects of detoxication and anticancer. In order to further study the alkaloid constituents of C. roseus, the aerial parts of the plant were extracted with 95% EtOH, and then treated with 2% H2SO4 and NH3H2O to obtain total alkaloids. The total alkaloids were separated and purified by column chromatography over silica gel and prepared by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. A new alkaloid together with five known compounds were isolated and identified as vindolinine B (1), lochnericine (2), horhammericine (3), vindorosine (4), vindoline (5), and coronaridine (6). Compound 1 is a new compound and named as vindolinine B.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Catharanthus , Chemistry , Ibogaine , Chemistry , Indole Alkaloids , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Components, Aerial , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Vinblastine , Chemistry
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 281-283, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277862

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents of the roots of Ficus stenophylla were isolated and purified by repeated column chromatography on silica gel and Sephadex LH-20. Their structures were elucidated based on physicochemical and spectral data. Five compounds were identified as methyl 3-(6-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzofuran-5-yl) propanoate (1), kaemferol (2), kampferol 3-O-beta-D-glucoside (3), quercetin (4) and tricin (5), separately. Compound 1 is a new phenylpropionic acid derivatives. All compounds were obtained from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Benzofurans , Chemistry , Ficus , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Methods , Plant Extracts , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Propionates , Chemistry , Quercetin
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