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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 408-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984637

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous iron supplementation in patients with recurrent iron deficiency anemia (IDA) . Methods: This retrospective analysis of 90 patients with recurrent IDA from May 2012 to December 2021 was conducted, comparing the efficacy and safety of the intravenous iron therapy group and the oral iron therapy group. Results: Among the 90 patients with recurrent IDA, 20 were males and 70 were females, with a median age of 40 (range: 14-85) years. A total of 60 patients received intravenous iron supplementation and 30 received oral iron supplementation. The hematologic response rates in the intravenous iron group were significantly higher than those in the oral iron group at 4 and 8 weeks after treatment [80.0% (48/60) vs 3.3% (1/30) and 96.7% (58/60) vs 46.7% (14/30), all P<0.001, respectively]. The median increase in hemoglobin levels was also significantly higher in the intravenous iron group than in the oral iron group [38 (4, 66) g/L vs 7 (1, 22) g/L at week 4 and 44.5 (18, 80) g/L vs 19 (3, 53) g/L at week 8, all P<0.001]. The intravenous iron group had a significantly higher proportion of patients who achieved normal hemoglobin levels than the oral iron group (55.0% vs 0 and 90% vs 43.3%, all P<0.001, respectively). Iron metabolism indicators were tested before and after 8 weeks of treatment in 26 and 7 patients in the intravenous and oral iron groups, respectively. The median increase in serum ferritin (SF) levels in the intravenous iron group 8 weeks after treatment was 113.7 (49.7, 413.5) μg/L, and 54% (14/26) of these patients had SF levels of ≥100 μg/L, which was significantly higher than the median increase in SF levels in the oral iron group [14.0 (5.8, 84.2) μg/L, t=4.760, P<0.001] and the proportion of patients with SF levels of ≥100 μg/L (P=0.013). The incidence of adverse reactions was 3.3% (2/60) in the intravenous iron group, which was significantly lower than that in the oral iron group [20.0% (6/30), P=0.015]. Conclusion: Intravenous iron supplementation is more effective for hematologic response, faster hemoglobin increase, and higher iron storage replenishment rates compared with oral iron supplementation in patients with recurrent IDA, and it is well tolerated by patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Sucrose/therapeutic use , Ferric Compounds/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Iron/therapeutic use , Hemoglobins/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 115-119, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929542

ABSTRACT

Objective: To reveal the compensatory features of bone marrow (BM) erythropoiesis in hereditary spherocytosis (HS) and to explore the effect of diferent hemoglobin levels on this compensation. Methods: Clinical and laboratory data of patients with HS were collected, and the peripheral blood absolute reticulocytes counts value was taken as the surrogate parameter to evaluate the ability of erythropoiesis compensation. BM erythropoiesis compensation in HS with diferent degrees of anemia were evaluated. Results: ①Three hundred and two patients were enrolled, including 115 with compensated hemolytic disease, 74 with mild anemia, 90 with moderate anemia, and 23 with severe anemia. ②Hemoglobin (HGB) was negatively correlated with serum erythropoietin in the decompensated hemolytic anemia group (EPO; rs=-0.585, P<0.001) . ③The median absolute reticulocyte count (ARC) of HS patients was 0.34 (0.27, 0.44) ×10(12)/L, up to 4.25 times that of normal people. The maximum ARC was 0.81×10(12)/L, about 10 times that of normal people. The median ARC of patients with compensated hemolytic disease was 0.29 (0.22, 0.38) ×10(12)/L, up to 3.63 times that of normal people. The median ARC of patients with hemolytic anemia was 0.38 (0.30, 0.46) ×10(12)/L, which was significantly higher than the patients with compensated hemolytic disease, up to 4.75 times that of normal people (z=4.999, P=0.003) . ④ ARC was negatively correlated with HGB in the compensated hemolytic disease group (rs=-0.177, P=0.002) and positively correlated with HGB in the decompensated hemolytic anemia group (rs=0.191, P=0.009) . There was no significant difference in the ARC among patients with mild, moderate, and severe anemia (χ(2)=4.588, P=0.101) . ⑤The median immature reticulocyte production index of the mild, moderate, and severe anemia groups was 13.1% (9.1%, 18.4%) , 17.0% (13.4%, 20.8%) , and 17.8% (14.6%, 21.8%) , respectively; the mild anemia group had lower index values than the moderate and severe anemia groups (P(adj) values were both<0.05) , but there was no significant difference between the latter groups (P(adj)=1.000) . The median immature reticulocyte count of patients in the mild, moderate, and severe groups was 5.09 (2.60, 7.74) ×10(10)/L, 6.24 (4.34, 8.83) ×10(10)/L, and 7.00 (3.07, 8.22) ×10(10)/L, respectively; there was no significant difference among the groups (χ(2)=3.081, P=0.214) . Conclusion: HGB can be maintained at a normal level through bone marrow erythropoiesis, while red blood cells are reduced in HS. However, once anemia develops, the bone marrow exerts its maximum erythropoiesis capacity and does not increase, regardless of anemia aggravation or serum EPO increase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Erythropoiesis , Reticulocyte Count , Reticulocytes , Spherocytosis, Hereditary
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2266-2275, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887054

ABSTRACT

We previously reported that active Astragalus polysaccharides APS-Ⅱ generate strong immune activity. Here we establish the optimal method for APS-II acid degradation. After preliminary structural studies and separation and preparation of the degradation products, the oligosaccharide active center with the strongest immune activity was identified by in vitro immune cell culture experiments. The optimum acid degradation conditions for APS-II were determined by a single factor experiment and an orthogonal experiment. Astragalus oligosaccharides prepared under the optimal conditions were subjected to structural analysis by hydrophilic interaction chromatography - electrospray ionization source - high resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The products were separated and oligosaccharide fragments with different degrees of polymerization were isolated by preparative purification chromatography. Finally, fragments of the immunologically active centers were identified by in vitro immune cell cultures from multiple perspectives. The results show that the optimal acid hydrolysis conditions for APS-Ⅱ are hydrolysis temperature 80 ℃, trifluoroacetic acid concentration 1.0 mol·L-1, hydrolysis time 1 h. The degradation conditions have good repeatability. The degradation product is a six-carbon aldehyde glycan structure with the main chain 1→4 connected. The immune activity screening experiment for six oligosaccharide fragments showed that larger molecular weight oligosaccharides have stronger immune-promoting effects. It is speculated that the immunologically active center of Astragalus oligosaccharide is located in the sugar chain of DP9-DP19. The animal welfare and the experimental process in this study follow the requirements of the Animal Ethics Committee of Shanxi University. This result suggests a foundation for the structural characterization and structure-activity relationship research of Astragalus oligosaccharides, and may promote the development of Astragalus oligosaccharide drugs.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1936-1944, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887009

ABSTRACT

italic>Astragalus polysaccharides are the main immunomodulatory substances in Astragali Radix. The structure of polysaccharides is difficult to accurately determine, which limits the in-depth study of the molecular mechanism of Astragalus polysaccharides in vivo. "Polysaccharide receptor theory" believes that there are one or more oligosaccharide fragment "active centers" in immunologically active polysaccharide molecules. Therefore, the degradation of Astragalus polysaccharides into oligosaccharides and the study of the active centers of polysaccharides at the oligosaccharide level provide new ideas in the study of the structure and mechanism of Astragalus polysaccharides. This article adopts endo-α-1,4-glucanase enzymatic hydrolysis, and determines the best degradation conditions through single factor test and orthogonal test to degrade the immunologically active polysaccharide APS-Ⅱ (10 kDa component) into oligomers with different degrees of polymerization. Then through the preparation of polyacrylamide gel chromatography and specific immune and non-specific immune cell tests, the immune activity screening of different oligosaccharide components is carried out. The animal welfare and the experimental process in this study follow the requirements of the Animal Ethics Committee of Shanxi University. The results showed that compared with the immunologically active polysaccharide APS-Ⅱ, different oligosaccharide components have obvious differences in different immunological activities. This paper studies the different immunological activities of Astragalus polysaccharides at the level of oligosaccharides, laying a foundation for further elucidating the structure and function of Astragalus polysaccharides, enriching the theory of polysaccharide receptors, and providing new ideas for the development of Astragalus polysaccharides.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2308-2314, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826604

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#In recent years, visual quality has been extensively investigated in various conditions. In this community-based population study, we analyzed the effects of aging, refraction, and Lens Opacification Classification System III (LOCSIII) score on retinal imaging quality in healthy Chinese adults.@*METHODS@#This cross-sectional study was conducted on sub-group subjects from The Handan Eye Study between October 2012 and January 2013. Healthy subjects over 30-years-old with logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution (logMAR) best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) less than 0 were included. Retinal image quality was measured by optical quality analysis system (OQAS) and recorded as modulation transfer function cutoff frequency (MTFcutoff), OQAS value (OV) 100%, OV20%, OV9%, Strehl ratio (SR), and objective scatter index (OSI). The correlation between age, spherical equivalent refraction (SE), LOCSIII score, and optical quality parameters were investigated by multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#Among 1108 verified subjects, 690 subjects (1380 eyes) met the inclusion criteria. Their age ranged from 30 to 76 years, SE ranged from -4.75 to 2.75 D. They were divided into five age groups (30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and ≥70 years) for further analysis. After multivariate analysis by mixed-effect linear model, SR (t =  -3.03, P = 0.002), OV20% (t = -2.39, P = 0.017), and OV9% (t = -3.16, P = 0.001) significantly decreased with the increasing age, whereas logMAR BCVA (t = 4.42, P < 0.001) and OSI (t = 4.46, P < 0.001) significantly increased with age. As SE increased, SR (t = 2.74, P = 0.01), OV20% (t = 2.31, P = 0.02), and OV9% (t = 2.79, P = 0.005) significantly elevated, and OSI (t = -3.38, P < 0.001) significantly decreased. With the increase in cortical opacity score, all optical quality parameters except for SR significantly decreased, including MTFcutoff (t = -2.78, P = 0.01), OV100% (t = -2.78, P = 0.005), OV20% (t = -2.60, P = 0.009), and OV9% (t = -2.05, P = 0.040). As posterior sub capsular opacity score increased, MTFcutoff (t = -2.40, P = 0.02) and OV100% (t = -2.40, P = 0.01) significantly decreased, while OSI (t = 7.56, P < 0.001) significantly increased.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In healthy Chinese adult population, optical quality-related parameters significantly decrease with the increasing age, and OSI significantly increases with age. In normal BCVA subjects, optical quality is significantly impacted by cortical and posterior sub capsular opacity rather than by nuclear opacity.

6.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 102-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876294

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between social norms and smoking intention, among male smokers in China. Methods A total 3 621 (with 95.8% of effective response rate) male smokers were selected and investigated with questionnaires from August to November in 2013.Univariate logistic regressions and multivariate logistic regressions were conducted to find the associations between social norms, smoking intention and quitting attempts. Results Smokers perceived low pro-quitting social norms from their family members, friends and other people around.With a 1 point increase in pro-quitting social norms score, smokers′ willingness to quit in the next 6 months increased by 69% (OR=1.69, 95%CI:1.48-1.94), and smokers were 86% more likely to quit(OR=1.86, 95%CI:1.66-2.08). Conclusion Pro-quitting social norms is proved to be an independent predictor for smoking intention, quitting attempts among male smokers in China.Therefore, future intervention should aim to establish pro-quitting social norms for smoking cessation.

7.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 102-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876276

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between social norms and smoking intention, among male smokers in China. Methods A total 3 621 (with 95.8% of effective response rate) male smokers were selected and investigated with questionnaires from August to November in 2013.Univariate logistic regressions and multivariate logistic regressions were conducted to find the associations between social norms, smoking intention and quitting attempts. Results Smokers perceived low pro-quitting social norms from their family members, friends and other people around.With a 1 point increase in pro-quitting social norms score, smokers′ willingness to quit in the next 6 months increased by 69% (OR=1.69, 95%CI:1.48-1.94), and smokers were 86% more likely to quit(OR=1.86, 95%CI:1.66-2.08). Conclusion Pro-quitting social norms is proved to be an independent predictor for smoking intention, quitting attempts among male smokers in China.Therefore, future intervention should aim to establish pro-quitting social norms for smoking cessation.

8.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 900-906, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941906

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the proliferation and capacity of differentiation to vascular endothelial cells and angiogenesis induction among stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED), dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) and human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) from orofacial bone.@*METHODS@#SHED and DPSC were isolated from pulp tissue of the patients. BMSC were isolated from orthognathic or alveolar surgical sites. The surface markers of the cells were detected by flowcytometry. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assays were conducted to detect the proliferation ability of the cells. The cells were induced into endothelial cells with conditional medium and then the induced cells were cultured in Matrigel medium. The expression of angiogenesis-related genes such as platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1/CD31), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and von Willebrand Factor (vWF) were quantified by real-time PCR. The cells were cultured in chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) and the vessels were counted after 5 days.@*RESULTS@#The cell surface markers CD73, CD90, CD105 and CD146 of all the stem cells were positive, CD34 and CD45 were negative. The CD146 positive rate of SHED and DPSC was higher than that of BMSC. SHED had a higher proliferation rate than DPSC and BMSC. After angiogenic induction for 14 d, 3 kinds of cells emanated pseudopodia formed grid structure long vasculature in Matrigel media. The total length of tube formation of induced BMSC (7 759.7 μm) and SHED (7 734.3 μm) was higher than DPSC (5 541.0 μm). The meshes number of induced SHED (70.7) was higher than DPSC (60) and BMSC (53.7) in Matrigel medium. The expression of CD31, VEGFR2 and vWF genes of SHED were higher than those of BMSC and DPSC. VEGFR1 gene expression of BMSC was higher than that of the other groups, and SHED was higher than DPSC. The expression of VEGF showed no difference among the cells. No deference was showed between the effect of the stem cells and negative control on new formed vessels in CAM. The total length of vessels of SHED (30.4 mm) was higher than that of the negative control (20.9 mm) and BMSC (28.0 mm).@*CONCLUSION@#SHED, DPSC and BMSC can differentiate into vascular endothelial cells. SHED showed a stronger angiogenesis differentiation and proliferation potential compared with DPSC and BMSC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chick Embryo , Humans , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 306-309, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857329

ABSTRACT

The high incidence and mortality of heart disease seriously affect human health. Among them, ischemic heart disease and myocardial hypertrophy are the most common. The transcription factor FOXOs can protect heart tissue by fighting oxidative stress and promoting apoptosis and autophagy, playing an important role in the treatment of heart disease. This article reviews the role of FOXOs in heart disease and signaling pathways. for the treatment of heart disease, FOXOs, as a potential target, provide new ideas for the treatment of heart disease.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1512-1515, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750529

ABSTRACT

@#Optic neuron injury caused by glaucoma and other factors commonly considered as irreversible. However, some evidences demonstrate considerable neuroplasticity in the nervous system. In this review, we try to illuminate the mechanism of neuroplasticity, and reactivate the “silent” cell and neural transmission visual experience, alternating current stimulation, eye yoga, and anti-stress program, and so on. Predict visual change after intervention using self-organizing maps.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1148-1152, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817999

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTripartite motif 33 (Trim33) is known to play a very important part in regulating osteoblast differentiation, but its role in adipocyte differentiation is rarely reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulatory effect of Trim33 on adipocyte differentiation.MethodsBone marrow stromal cell ST2 cells transfected with the Trim33-pcDNA3.1 plasmid were included in the experimental group and those transfected with the pcDNA3.1 plasmid taken as the control. The cells of both groups were treated with adipogenic medium to induce adipocyte differentiation, followed by determination of the expressions of the adipocyte-specific genes CCAAT enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPα), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), adipocyte characterizing factor FABP4, and adipocytokines adipsin by oil red O staining, qRT-PCR and Western blotting.ResultsThe expression of Trim33 was significantly upregulated in the experimental group as compared with that in the control (88.51±14.31 vs 1.00±0.31, P<0.01). After 5 days of adipogenesis induction, there were dramatically more lipid droplets in the ST2 cells and the A value was markedly higher in the former than in the latter group (0.69±0.03 vs 0.34±0.03, P<0.01). Compared with the control, the cells in the experimental group exhibited remarkable increases in the relative mRNA expressions of C/EBPα, PPARγ, FABP4 and adipsin as well as the protein expressions of Trim33, PPARγ, C/EBPα and FABP4.ConclusionTrim33 promotes lipid accumulation and upregulates the expressions of adipocyte-specific genes in bone marrow stromal cells.

12.
Recent Advances in Ophthalmology ; (6): 161-163,167, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699573

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the outcomes of OASIS iris expander in phacoemulsification surgery of cataract with small pupil.Methods A prospective case-control study was conducted in 22 microcoria cataract patients (22 eyes).And they were randomly divided into group A and B,in which the pupils of group A were dilated by tearing instruments in 13 eyes,and the pupils of group B were dilated using OASIS iris expander in 9 eyes.All patient underwent phacoemulsification with 3.2 mm clear corneal incision and were followed up at postoperative 1 week,1 month,3 months and 6 months.Finally,the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA),intraocular pressure (IOP),corneal endothelial cell counts,pupil size before and after surgery were recorded and analyzed by an independent sample t test.Results All procedures were completed successfully by the same skilled doctor.Intraocular lenses were implanted in capsule completely,and no complications occurred.At 6 months after operation,patients'BCVA in group A (0.41 ± 0.30) and group B (0.77 ± 0.23) was significantly higher than that in group A (0.17 ±0.14) and group B (0.16 ±0.14) before operation,but there was no statistical difference between the two groups (all P >0.05);whereas there was no significant change in the IOP of group A and B at 6 months after operation (1 kPa =7.5 mmHg) and before operation [(14.22 ±6.00) mmHg vs.(15.70 ± 5.70) mmHg)] (all P > 0.05).Moreover,corneal endothelial cell counts in group A [(1486 ±718) cells · mm-2] and B [(1246 ±516)cells · mm-2] were significantly smaller than those before operation [(2498 ±564)cells · mm-2 vs.[(2424 ± 640) cells · mm-2],with no significant difference (P=0.091).The postoperative diameter of the pupil in group A [(4.00 ±0.88) mm] and group B [(4.70 ± 1.57) mm] after operation was larger than that in group A [(2.30 ±0.35)mm] and group B [(1.94 ±0.50)mm] before operation,and there was no statistical difference between the two groups (all P >0.05).Conclusions OASIS iris expander can help to dilate and hold pupils and does not affect the postoperative visual acuity and intraocular pressure in mlcrocoria cataract phacoemulsification.The postoperative pupils become larger,and it is necessary to pay attention to protect corneal endothelial cell during usage of OASIS iris expander.

13.
Recent Advances in Ophthalmology ; (6): 61-64, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699550

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of wavefront aberration and myopic development in school-age children.Methods Together 150 school-age children (300 eyes) in Beijing city were collected and underwent cycloplegic refractometry for detect the refraction status and Allegretto wavefront aberrometry for the measurement of wavefront aberration for 1-year follow up.Results Totally 132 children were successfully followed up and only 120 children were included in this study.The average increased diopter was (0.74 ± 0.55) D.It was found that the development of myopia was correlated with age,myopic duration and the baseline diopter (all P < 0.01),and the wavefront aberration was correlated with age (P < 0.05).There were significant difference in the third order RMS value and C7 (coma) between the myopic children with rapid progress and slow progress.C12 (spherical aberration) was significantly correlated with the change of diopter (P < 0.05).Conclusion Both third order RMS and C7 (coma) may be the major contributors for myopia progress in school-age children,and the increased diopter may polarize the spherical aberration toward minus values.

14.
Journal of Xinxiang Medical College ; (12): 231-234, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699510

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of pulse indicator continuous cardiac output monitoring in treating acute kidney injury(AKI) due to sepsis.Methods Sixty-two patients with AKI due to sepsis in the Central Hospital of Zhumadian from August 2013 to August 2016 were rolled in and divided into control group (34 cases) and observation group (28 cases) according to whether adopted pulse indicator continuous cardiac output monitoring.Six hours and 24 hours after fluid resuscitatinn,resuscitation fluid volume,heart rate(HR),central venous pressure(CVP),mean arterial pressure(MAP),vasoactive drugs dose of the two groups were observed.Treatment times,daily filtration volume of continuous renal replacement therapy and independent urine volume,serum creatinine level,the survival rate after treating for seven days in the two groups were compared.Results There was no significant difference in the HR,central venous pressure,mean arterial pressure at six hours after fluid resuscitation between the two groups(P < 0.05).At 24 hours after fluid resuscitation,there was no siguificant difference in the HR in the control group compared with that at six hours after fluid resuscitation (P < 0.05),the CVP and MAP were higher than those at six hours after fluid resuscitation(P < 0.05);the HR in the observation group was lower than that at six hours after fluid resuscitation (P < 0.05),MAP was higher than that at six hours after fluid resuscitation (P <0.05),but there was no significant difference in the CVP in the control group compared with that at six hours after fluid resuscitation (P < 0.05).The HR and CVP at 24 hours after fluid resuscitation in the observation group were lower than those in the control group(P <0.05),while there was no no significant difference in the MAP between the two groups(P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the fluid resuscitation volume,the dose of noradrenaline and dobutamine after treating for six hours between the two groups (P < 0.05).Twenty four hours after fluid resuscitation resuscitation fluid volume and dobutamine dose in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05).The duration of renal replacement therapy,the daily filtration volume and the blood creatinine after treating for seven days in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05),but the independent urine volume after treating for seven days in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05).After treating for seven days,there were 28 cases survival,the survival rate was 82.4% (28/34),while there were 25 cases survival,the survival rate was 89.3% (25/28);the difference of survival rate between the two groups was not statistically significant (x2 =0.59,P < 0.05).Conclusion In patients with AKI due to sepsis,pulse indicator continuous cardiac output monitoring can be used to optimize fluid management,and it can improved the renal function.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 173-177,182, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695078

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the relations of THEM4/Akt expression and extracellular matrix deposit in kidney of diabetic mice. Methods Diabetic mice models were successfully established by intraperitoneally injected STZ. Both normal control mice and diabetic mice were raised for 8 week until they were sacrificed. Western blot, immunohistochemistry and realtime PCR were used to detect the expression of THEM4, phospho-Akt (Ser 473), TGF-β1, a-SMA, Col Ш, FN protein and THEM4 mRNA in the kidneys of normal mice and diabetic mice. Results Compared to normal control mice, THEM4 expression decreased by 37.7% followed by 3.66, 1.29 2.33, 1.99 and 2.82 times increased of phospho-Akt (Ser473), TGF-β1, a-SMA, Col Ш and FN in kidney of diabetes mellitus. Extracellular matrix accumulation was found in renal interstitial region of diabetic mice. Conclusion The decreased THEM4 might cause extracellular matrix deposit in kidney of diabetic mice by upregulating the phosphorylation of Akt and TGF-β1, α-SMA expression in diabetic mice.

16.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 127-136, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258844

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Cr(VI) removal from industrial effluents and sediments has attracted the attention of environmental researchers. In the present study, we aimed to isolate bacteria for Cr(VI) bioremediation from sediment samples and to optimize parameters of biodegradation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Strains with the ability to tolerate Cr(VI) were obtained by serial dilution and spread plate methods and characterized by morphology, 16S rDNA identification, and phylogenetic analysis. Cr(VI) was determined using the 1,5-diphenylcarbazide method, and the optimum pH and temperature for degradation were studied using a multiple-factor mixed experimental design. Statistical analysis methods were used to analyze the results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fifty-five strains were obtained, and one strain (Sporosarcina saromensis M52; patent application number: 201410819443.3) having the ability to tolerate 500 mg Cr(VI)/L was selected to optimize the degradation conditions. M52 was found be able to efficiently remove 50-200 mg Cr(VI)/L in 24 h, achieving the highest removal efficiency at pH 7.0-8.5 and 35 °C. Moreover, M52 could completely degrade 100 mg Cr(VI)/L at pH 8.0 and 35 °C in 24 h. The mechanism involved in the reduction of Cr(VI) was considered to be bioreduction rather than absorption.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The strong degradation ability of S. saromensis M52 and its advantageous functional characteristics support the potential use of this organism for bioremediation of heavy metal pollution.</p>


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , China , Chromium , Metabolism , Geologic Sediments , Microbiology , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Genetics , Sporosarcina , Genetics , Metabolism
17.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1071-1075, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951512

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the protective effect of fasudil hydrochloride against acute renal injury in septicopyemia rats. Methods: A total of 60 Wister rats were included in the study and divided into control group (n = 10), model group (n = 25) and treatment group (n = 25). Model group and treatment group received intraperitoneal injection of endotoxin (ET) to establish acute renal injury models while the control group only received daily intraperitoneal injection of normal saline 1 mL. Five rats were taken out of model group and treatment group respectively at 1 h (T1), 6 h (T2), 12 h (T3), 24 h (T4) and 48 h (T5), for intraperitoneal injection of ET 30 mg/kg. Treatment group received intraperitoneal injection of fasudil hydrochloride 30 mg/kg 1 h before injection of ET. For three groups, 5 mL blood samples were collected from postcava for determination of serum creatinine and urea nitrogen levels at different time points. Concentrations of serum tumor necrosis factor α and ET-1 were determined by using ELISA. The renal pathologic changes were observed under the microscope. Results: Serum creatinine levels in both model group and treatment group were significantly higher than control group at T2-T5 (P < 0.05) while the levels in treatment group were significantly lower than control group at T3-T5 (P < 0.05). At T2-T5, blood urea nitrogen levels in model group and treatment group were significantly higher than control group (P < 0.05) while the levels in treatment group were significantly lower than model group at T3-T5 (P < 0.05). Concentrations of serum tumor necrosis factor α in model group and treatment group were significantly higher than control group at T1-T5 (P < 0.05) while the levels in treatment group were significantly lower than model group at T1-T5 (P < 0.05). Serum ET-1 concentrations in model group and treatment group were significantly higher than control group at T1-T5 (P < 0.05) while the levels in treatment group at T1-T4 were significantly lower than model group (P < 0.05). Rats in control group showed no swelling or hyperemia in kidney cells but normal structure and normally arranged renal tubular epithelial cells. Obvious injury was observed in model group at T3 and renal tubular epithelial cells in disorder and at swelling condition, hyperemia and angiectasis in glomerulus, degenerative opacities and vacuolar degeneration, and maximized injury were observed at T4. Injury in renal tissue in treatment group was significantly milder than model group. Conclusions: Fasudil hydrochloride has the significantly protective effect against acute renal injury in septicopyemia rats.

18.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1071-1075, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820426

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the protective effect of fasudil hydrochloride against acute renal injury in septicopyemia rats.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 Wister rats were included in the study and divided into control group (n = 10), model group (n = 25) and treatment group (n = 25). Model group and treatment group received intraperitoneal injection of endotoxin (ET) to establish acute renal injury models while the control group only received daily intraperitoneal injection of normal saline 1 mL. Five rats were taken out of model group and treatment group respectively at 1 h (T1), 6 h (T2), 12 h (T3), 24 h (T4) and 48 h (T5), for intraperitoneal injection of ET 30 mg/kg. Treatment group received intraperitoneal injection of fasudil hydrochloride 30 mg/kg 1 h before injection of ET. For three groups, 5 mL blood samples were collected from postcava for determination of serum creatinine and urea nitrogen levels at different time points. Concentrations of serum tumor necrosis factor α and ET-1 were determined by using ELISA. The renal pathologic changes were observed under the microscope.@*RESULTS@#Serum creatinine levels in both model group and treatment group were significantly higher than control group at T2-T5 (P < 0.05) while the levels in treatment group were significantly lower than control group at T3-T5 (P < 0.05). At T2-T5, blood urea nitrogen levels in model group and treatment group were significantly higher than control group (P < 0.05) while the levels in treatment group were significantly lower than model group at T3-T5 (P < 0.05). Concentrations of serum tumor necrosis factor α in model group and treatment group were significantly higher than control group at T1-T5 (P < 0.05) while the levels in treatment group were significantly lower than model group at T1-T5 (P < 0.05). Serum ET-1 concentrations in model group and treatment group were significantly higher than control group at T1-T5 (P < 0.05) while the levels in treatment group at T1-T4 were significantly lower than model group (P < 0.05). Rats in control group showed no swelling or hyperemia in kidney cells but normal structure and normally arranged renal tubular epithelial cells. Obvious injury was observed in model group at T3 and renal tubular epithelial cells in disorder and at swelling condition, hyperemia and angiectasis in glomerulus, degenerative opacities and vacuolar degeneration, and maximized injury were observed at T4. Injury in renal tissue in treatment group was significantly milder than model group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Fasudil hydrochloride has the significantly protective effect against acute renal injury in septicopyemia rats.

19.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 267-274, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316803

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>We once reported blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) in confined space. Here, bTBI was studied again on goats in the open air using 3.0 kg trinitrotoluene.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The goats were placed at 2, 4, 6 and 8 m far from explosion center. Trinitrotoluene (TNT) was used as the source of the blast wave and the pressure at each distance was recorded. The systemic physiology, electroencephalogram, serum level of S-100 beta, and neuron specific enolase (NSE) were determined pre and post the exposure. Neuroanatomy and neuropathology were observed 4 h after the exposure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Simple blast waveforms were recorded with parameters of 702.8 kPa-0.442 ms, 148.4 kPa-2.503 ms, 73.9 kPa-3.233 ms, and 41.9 kPa-5.898 ms at 2, 4, 6 and 8 m respectively. Encephalic blast overpressure was on the first time recorded in the literature by us at 104.2 kPa-0.60 ms at 2 m, where mortality and burn rate were 44% and 44%. Gross examination showed that bTBI was mainly manifested as congestive expansion of blood vessels and subarachnoid hemorrhage, which had a total incidence of 25% and 19% in 36 goats. Microscopical observation found that the main pathohistological changes were enlarged perivascular space (21/36, 58%), small hemorrhages (9/36, 25%), vascular dilatation and congestion (8/36, 22%), and less subarachnoid hemorrhage (2/36, 6%). After explosion, serum levels of S-100b and NSE were elevated, and EEG changed into slow frequency with declined amplitude. The results indicated that severity and incidence of bTBI is related to the intensity of blast overpressure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Blast wave can pass through the skull to directly injure brain tissue.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Blast Injuries , Brain , Pathology , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Pathology , Electroencephalography , Goats , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , Blood , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit , Blood
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 742-746, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302407

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effects of the intermediate-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (IKCa1) channels on the proliferation, migration, invasion ability and monoclonal immunoglobulin (IgE) secretion of multiple myeloma (MM) cells. Trypan blue exclusion was used to evaluate the impact of clotrimazole (CLO, an inhibitor of the KCa1) on the survival ability of MM cell line U266; transwell chamber and matrigel experiments were used to evaluate the impact of CLO on the ability of the migration and invasion of U266 cells; the influence of CLO on IgE secretion in U266 cells was detected by ELISA. The results showed that small dose of CLO ( ≤ 1.0 µmol/L) could not inhibit the viability of U266 cells. The Transwell and Matrigel invading tests displayed that the cell number moving into lower chamber of transwell decreased after U266 cells treated with small dose of CLO ( ≤ 1.0 µmol/L). After treating the cells with 1.00 µmol/L CLO for 24 h and 48 h, the concentration of IgE in cell supernatant was (4.98 ± 0.39) and (4.38 ± 0.32) ng/ml, while those in control group were (15.41 ± 1.88) and (19.73 ± 2.01) ng/ml, respectively, suggesting significant difference between them(P < 0.05). It is concluded that CLO can decrease the ability of migration and monoclonal immunoglobulin secretion of multiple myeloma cells by blocking the IKCa1, thus this study provides a new think for the targeted therapy of MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Immunoglobulin E , Metabolism , Multiple Myeloma , Metabolism , Pathology , Potassium Channels, Calcium-Activated
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