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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 419-424, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013822

ABSTRACT

Cancer is difficult to cure because of its heterogeneity, drug resistance and easy recurrence and metastasis. Revealing the molecular mechanism of cancer genesis and development, identifying new diagnostic markers and molecular therapeutic targets are undoubtedly effective strategies to solve the problems of early diagnosis, treatment and improvement of prognosis of cancer patients. More and more studies have shown that long non-coding RNA (IncRNA) is specifically expressed in human cancer and is a key regulator of cancer occurrence and development. Cytoskeleton regulator RNA (CYTOR) is a carcinogenic lncRNA found in recent years. CYTOR is highly expressed in many types of cancer and regulates the development of cancer through a variety of pathways, which may be an effective biomarker for early cancer diagnosis, molecular targeted therapy and prognosis assessment. This paper reviews the molecular regulatory mechanism and related biological characteristics of CYTOR in human cancer, in order to provide new scientific reference for clinical cancer diagnosis and treatment.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 120-124, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the expression and correlation of microRNA-195 (miR-195), miR-125 and calreticulin in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#From April 2020 to April 2021, 80 DLBCL patients with complete data archived by the Pathology Department of Handan First Hospital and The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University were selected as the study group, and 70 patients with reactive lymph node hyperplasia were selected as the control group. The expressions of miR-195 and miR-125 were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, and the expression of calreticulin was detected by Western blot. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the correlation between miR-195, miR-125, calreticulin and DLBCL, and ROC curve was used to analyze the predictive value of miR-195, miR-125 and calreticulin for DLBCL.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the expression of miR-195 decreased but miR-125 and calreticulin increased in the study group (P<0.001). The expression levels of miR-195, miR-125 and calreticulin were not related to sex, age, primary site and B symptoms of patients with DLBCL, but related to immunophenotype, Ann Arbor stage, lactate dehydrogenase, IPI score, nodule involvement and Ki-67 index. The expression of miR-195 decreased and the expression of miR-125 and calreticulin increased in DLBCL paitents with non-germinal center source, Ann Arbor stage III-IV, lactate dehydrogenase > 245 U/L, IPI score 3-5, nodule involvement≥2 and Ki-67 index≥75% (P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that miR-195 and miR-125 were negatively correlated (r=-0.536, P=0.001), miR-195 and calreticulin were negatively correlated (r=-0.545, P=0.001), while miR-125 and calreticulin were positively correlated (r=0.523, P=0.001). ROC curve showed that compared with the single diagnosis of miR-195, miR-125 and calreticulin, the combination of the three items had higher predictive value for DLBCL (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of miR-195 decreases and the expression of miR-125 and calreticulin increase in patients with DLBCL. Along with the increase of disease stage and IPI score, the decrease of miR-195 and the increase of miR-125 and calreticulin aggravate gradually. The three items may participate in the occurrence and progress of DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Calreticulin/metabolism , Prognosis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , Lactate Dehydrogenases/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 33-40, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical treatment outcomes and the changes of the outcomes over time in extremely preterm twins in Guangdong Province, China.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 269 pairs of extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks who were admitted to the department of neonatology in 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province from January 2008 to December 2017. According to the admission time, they were divided into two groups: 2008-2012 and 2013-2017. Besides, each pair of twins was divided into the heavier infant and the lighter infant subgroups according to birth weight. The perinatal data of mothers and hospitalization data of neonates were collected. The survival rate of twins and the incidence rate of complications were compared between the 2008-2012 and 2013-2017 groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of severe asphyxia and smaller head circumference at birth (P<0.05). The mortality rates of both of the twins, the heavier infant of the twins, and the lighter infant of the twins were lower in the 2013-2017 group compared with the 2008-2012 group (P<0.05). Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of pulmonary hemorrhage, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (P-IVH), and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) and a higher incidence rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant increase in the survival rate over time in extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks in the 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province. The incidences of severe asphyxia, pulmonary hemorrhage, PDA, P-IVH, and NRDS decrease in both the heavier and lighter infants of the twins, but the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia increases. With the improvement of diagnosis and treatment, the multidisciplinary collaboration between different fields of fetal medicine including prenatal diagnosis, obstetrics, and neonatology is needed in the future to jointly develop management strategies for twin pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 544-551, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014116

ABSTRACT

Aim To clarify the effect of circulating exosomes on hypertension, screen out miRNAs which plays a key role, and explore its function.Methods The plasma exosomes of spontaneously hypertensive rats were extracted and injected into Sprague Dawley rats.The blood pressure changes of rats were detected.Plasma exosomes and exosomal RNA of hypertensive patients and SHR were extracted.Real time PCR was used to verify the expression changes of the selected 8 miRNAs; Western blot was used to detect the expression changes of LKB1 and PTEN protein levels in human umbilical vein endothelial cells transfected with miR-17-5p mimics.Results The plasma exosomes of SHRs significantly increased the blood pressure of SD rats(P<0.05).The expression of miR-17-5p and miR-218-5p in the plasma exosomes of hypertensive patients and SHRs both significantly increased.miR-17-5p inhibitors significantly attenuated the effect of SHR-exos on raising blood pressure.miR-17-5p mimics down-regulated the expression of LKB1 and PTEN in HUVECs cultured in vitro.Conclusions The plasma exosomes of SHR can significantly increase blood pressure of Sprague Dawley rats.miR-17-5p may be the key miRNA.exo-miR-17-5p may promote the occurrence and development of hypertension by regulating the LKB1/PTEN signal.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1631-1636, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of high mobility group protein 1(HMGB1) on the proliferation and cytokine expression of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC).@*METHODS@#Different concentrations of recombinant human HMGB1 protein (100, 200, 400, 800 and 1000 ng/ml) were incubated with MSC for 24, 48, 72 h and the proliferation of MSC were detected respectively by using the CCK-8 method and flow cytometry. The best concentrations of HMGB1 incubated with MSC was determined (200 ng/ml, 1000 ng/ml), and the flow cytomerty was used to determine the effect of HMGB1 on the proliferation of MSC. The mRNA expression levels of IL-10, TGF- β1, TSG-6 and IFN-γ in MSC incubated with HMGB1 protein were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The result of MSC identification and flow cytometry showed that the CD105, CD73 and CD90 were expressed, but did not expression CD45, CD34, CD11b, CD19 and HLA-DR; CCK-8 showed that HMGB1 at the concentrations of 100 ng/ml, 200 ng/ml and 400 ng/ml could promote the proliferation of MSC incubated for 24, 48 and 72 h as compared with the control group (P<0.05), and the most effective concentration was 200 ng/ml; flow cytometry showed that the compared with the control group, HMGB1 200 ng/ml could induce MSC from G1 phase to S phase to promote the proliferation of MSC; QPCR showed that the mRNA expression of MSC cytokines IL-10, TGF-β1, TSG-6 increased while IFN-γ decreased at the concentration of 200 ng/ml HMGB1 as compared with the control group. ELISA experiments showed that the HMGB1 200 ng/ml acting on MSC for 48 h could significantly promoted the secretion of IL-10, TGF-β 1 and TSG-6(P<0.05), while IFN-γ showed no significant difference as compared with control group.@*CONCLUSION@#Recombinant human HMGB1 can promote the proliferation and secretion of MSC in healthy people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , HMGB1 Protein , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6530-6541, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921813

ABSTRACT

To reveal the rationality of compatibility of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma(SMRR) and Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR) from the perspective of pharmacokinetics, this study established a UPLC-MS/MS method for quantitative determination of PLR flavonoids(3'-hydroxy puerarin, puerarin, puerarin 6″-O-xyloside, 3'-methoxy puerarin, puerarin apioside) and salvianolic acids and tanshinones(salvianolic acid B, cryptotanshinone, and tanshinone Ⅱ_A) in plasma of rats. Rats were given SMRR extract, PLR extract, and SMRR-PLR extract by gavage and then plasma was collected at different time. UPLC separation was performed under the following conditions: Eclipse C_(18) column(2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.8 μm), 0.1% formic acid in water(A)-0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile(B) as mobile phase for gradient elution. Conditions for MS are as below: multiple reaction monitoring(MRM), ESI~(+/-). Comprehensive validation of the UPLC-MS/MS method(specifically, from the aspects of calibration curve, precision, accuracy, repeatability, stability, matrix effect, extract recovery) was performed and the result demonstrated that it complied with quantitative analysis requirements for biological samples. Compared with SMRR extract alone or PLR extract alone, SMRR-PLR extract significantly increased the AUC and C_(max) of PLR flavonoids and tanshinones in rat plasma, suggesting that the combination of SMRR and PLR promoted the absorption of the above components. The underlying mechanism needs to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Plant Roots/chemistry , Pueraria/chemistry , Rhizome/chemistry , Salvia miltiorrhiza/chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 954-962, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878130

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Recently, T-helper 17 (Th17) cells have been proved to play an important role in promoting cervical cancer. But, till now, few study has been carried out to understand the involvement of these cells in efficacy of anti-tumor treatments. This study aimed to investigate the alterations in the percentage of circulating Th17 cells and related cytokines in locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) patients before and after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT) and to analyze the correlations between the alterations in Th17 cells and treatment efficacy.@*METHODS@#A prospective study with 49 LACC (International federation of gynecology and obstetrics [FIGO] stage IIB-IIIB) patients and 23 controls was conducted. Patients received the same cCRT schedule and were followed up for 3 years. Circulating Th17 cells (CD3+CD8- interleukin [IL]-17+ T cells) and related cytokines IL-17, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), IL-10, IL-23, IL-6, and IL-22 were detected before and after cCRT. Correlations between alterations of circulating Th17 cells and treatment efficacy were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).@*RESULTS@#We found that 40 patients finished the entire cCRT schedule and met the endpoint of this study. The percentage of circulating Th17 cells in the LACC patients was higher than that in the controls, and it significantly decreased after cCRT (P < 0.05). After cCRT, patients were divided into two groups based on the average of the Th17 cells declined. The subgroup of patients with a prominent decrease in circulating Th17 cells after cCRT had a higher treatment efficacy and longer PFS and OS times. Compared with the control patients, LACC patients had higher IL-6, IL-10, IL-22, TGF-β levels and a lower IL-23 level (P < 0.05). After cCRT, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, IL-23 level significantly increased and TGF-β level significantly decreased compared with the levels before cCRT (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Circulating Th17 cells in the LACC patients (FIGO stage IIB-IIIB) were higher than those in the controls, but they generally decreased after cCRT. A more pronounced decrease in circulating Th17 cells after cCRT was correlated with better therapeutic effect and longer PFS and OS times.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Chemoradiotherapy , Disease-Free Survival , Neoplasm Staging , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Th17 Cells , Treatment Outcome , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/therapy
8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 65-68, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881971

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of a balanced model for early psychological crisis intervention on anxiety and depression in caregivers of the elderly. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was used to select 234 caregivers for the elderly as the study subjects. A random number table method was used to divide them into a control group(116) and an intervention group(118). The control group was given conventional psychological crisis intervention; the intervention group received a balanced model for early psychological crisis intervention on the basis of conventional psychological crisis intervention. The anxiety and depression scores of the two groups were investigated before and after the intervention using the Anxiety Self-Rating Scale and Depression Self-Rating Scale, respectively. RESULTS: The anxiety scores of the control group were(43.0±6.8) and(40.1±6.3), and the depression scores were(45.4±12.0) and(42.7±11.4), before and after the intervention, respectively. The pre-and post-intervention scores were(43.5±6.5) and(38.4±5.6) for anxiety and(46.9±6.0) and(39.8±5.6) for depression in the intervention group, respectively. Before the intervention, the anxiety and depression scores of the 2 groups were compared separately, and the difference was not statistically significant(all P>0.05). In the control group, only the anxiety score was lower than the pre-intervention score(P<0.01); in the intervention group, both the post-anxiety and post-depression scores were lower than the pre-intervention scores(all P<0.01). After the intervention, the anxiety and depression scores of the caregivers in the intervention group were lower than those of the control group, respectively(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The balanced model for early psychological crisis intervention can effectively alleviate anxiety and depression in caregivers of the elderly.

9.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 31-38, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880494

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the protective effects of Humulus lupulus L. extract (HLE) on osteoporosis mice.@*METHODS@#In vivo experiment, a total of 35 12-week-old female ICR mice were equally divided into 5 groups: the sham control group (sham); the ovariectomy with vehicle group (OVX); the OVX with estradiol valerate [EV, 0.2 mg/(kg•d)] the OVX with low- or high-dose HLE groups [HLE, 1 g/(kg•d) and 3 g/(kg•d)], 7 in each group. Treatment began 1 week after the ovariectomized surgery and lasted for 12 weeks. Bone mass and trabecular bone mircoarchitecture were evaluated by micro computed tomography, and bone turnover markers in serum were evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. In vitro experiment, osteoblasts and osteoclasts were treated with HLE at doses of 0, 4, 20 and 100 µg/mL. Biomarkers for bone formation in osteoblasts and bone resorption in osteoclasts were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the OVX group, HLE exerted bone protective effects by the increase of estradiol (P<0.05), the improvement of cancellous bone structure, bone mineral density (P<0.01) and the reduction of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), bone gla-protein, c-terminal telopeptides of type I collagen (CTX-I) and deoxypyridinoline levels (P<0.01 for all). In vitro experiment, compared with the control group, HLE at 20 µg/mL promoted the cell proliferation (P<0.01), and increased the expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 and osteopontin levels in osteoblasts (both P<0.05). HLE at 100 µg/mL increased the osteoblastic ALP activities, and HLE at all dose enhanced the extracellular matrix mineralization (both P<0.01). Furthermore, compared with the control group, HLE at 20 µg/mL and 100 µg/mL inhibited osteoclastic TRAP activity (P<0.01), and reduced the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and cathepsin K (both P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#HLE may protect against bone loss, and have potentials in the treatment of osteoporosis.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 757-762, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880144

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the polymorphism of miR-155 and its target gene MyD88 and clinicopathological features of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#135 cases of DLBCL patients in our hospital from March 2015 to August 2017 were selected, and 90 cases of reactive hyperplasia of lymph nodes were selected as the control group. The relative expression of miR-155 and MyD88 gene polymorphism were detected in the two groups, and the relationship between miR-155 and MyD88 gene polymorphism and clinicopathological characteristics of DLBCL was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The relative expression of miR-155 in DLBCL patients was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The mutation rate of MyD88 L265P in DLBCL group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The relative expression of miR-155 in patients with MyD88 L265P mutation was significantly higher than that in patients with wild-type DLBCL (P<0.05). The relative expression of miR-155 and the polymorphism of MyD88 L265P were associated with lesion location, stage, BCL-2 protein expression and MyD88 protein expression in DLBCL patients (t=7.461、8.804、6.487、10.812; χ@*CONCLUSION@#The abnormal expression of miR-155 and the mutation rate of MyD88 gene in DLBCL patients are increased, and the expression of miR-155 and the mutation of MyD88 gene affect the disease progression and prognosis of patients, which may be potential biological indicators for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Mutation , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prognosis
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 876-880, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827192

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of Circ_cgga162 in serum of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients and analyze its potential as a prognostic biomarker.@*METHODS@#The expression of Circ_cgga162 in 86 cases of mantle cell lymphoma and 50 cases of lymph node reactive hyperplasia (RH) were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The relationship between the expression of Circ_cgga162 and clinicopathological features was analyzed by univariate analysis. The relationship of Circ_cgga162 expression with progression-free survival time and overall survival time was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier. The relationship between expression of Circ_cgga162 and prognosis of patients was analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of Circ_cgga162 in MCL patients was significantly higher than that in control (RH) group (P<0.01). The expression of Circ_cgga162 not correlated with age, gender, B symptoms and LDH (all P>0.05), but correlated with the expression of MCL International Prognostic Index (IPI), Ann Arbor stage, bone marrow infiltration and Ki67 (all P<0.05). In addition, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the progression-free survival time and overall survival time of the MCL patients with high expression of Circ_cgga162 were significantly shorter than those of the MCL patients with low expression (P<0.01). Univariate analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage, Circ_cgga162 expression, MIPI, bone marrow infiltration and Ki67 were the prognostic factors for MCL patients (all P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage, Circ_cgga162 expression and MIPI were independent factors affecting the prognosis of MCL patients (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Circ_cgga162 is highly expressed in serum of patients MCL, which relates with the prognosis of MCL patients. Circ_cgga162 can be used as a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target for MCL patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , RNA, Circular , Genetics
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1384-1392, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008583

ABSTRACT

The chemical compounds in water extract of Spatholobi Caulis were further studied. The compounds were systematically isolated and purified by using various separation and analysis techniques including silica gel, macroporous adsorptive resins and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies, as well as reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography(RP-HPLC). Twenty-three flavonoids and one chromone were identified by the spectroscopic analysis techniques combining their physicochemical properties, they were identified as isoduartin(1), sativan(2), 8-O-methylretusin(3), 7-hydroxydihydroflavone(4), odoratin(5), butesuperin A(6), biochanin A(7), 3'-methoxydaidzein(8), 7-hydroxychromone(9), calycosin(10), naringenin(11), dihydrocajanin(12),(6 aR,11 aR)-maackiain(13), 2'-hydroxygenistein(14),(6 aR,11 aR)-medicarpin-3-O-glucopyranoside(15),(-)-epiafzelechin(16),(-)-catechin(17),(-)-epicatechin(18), 4',8-dimethoxy-7-O-β-D-glucopyranosylisoflavone(19), ononin(20),(-)-gallocatechin(21), rutin(22), daidzin(23) and sphaerobioside(24). Compounds 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14-16, 19 and 22-24 were isolated from Spatholobi Caulis for the first time.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Fabaceae/chemistry , Flavonoids/isolation & purification , Phytochemicals/isolation & purification
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1120-1127, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008481

ABSTRACT

To study the non-flavonoids chemical constituents in water extract of Spatholobi Caulis. Some purification and analysis techniques like silica gel, D101-macroporous adsorptive resins, and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies as well as reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography were used to isolate and analyze the phenolic acid esters and other type compounds from Spatholobi Caulis integrally. The structures of these compounds were identified by spectroscopic techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance and high resolution mass spectrometries. Twenty-seven compounds, including phenolic acid, coumarin, lignan, terpene, alkaloid, and steroid compounds, were isolated from ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions in water extract of Spatholobi Caulis, and they were identified as β-sitosterol(1), feruli acid methyl ester(2), syringaresinol(3),(+)-medioresinol(4),(+)-epipinoresinol(5), p-acetylphenol(6), bolusanthin Ⅳ(7), evofolin B(8), salicylic acid(9), trans-p-hydroxy-cinnamic acid(10), abscisic acid(11), m-hydroxyphenol(12), C-veratroylglycol(13), p-hydroquinone(14), 8,9-dihydroxymegastigma-4,6-dien-3-one(15), p-hydroxybenzoic acid(16), 6,9-dihydroxymegastigma-4,7-dien-3-one(17), protocatechuic acid(18), protocatechuic acid methyl ester(19), 5,7-dihydroxycoumarin(20), isolariciresinol(21), nicotinic acid(22), daucosterol(23),(+)-pinoresinol(24), stigmasterol(25), allantoin(26) and koaburaside(27), respectively. Furthermore, compounds 2-15, 19-22, 24 and 26 were isolated from genus Spatholobus for the first time.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Esters/analysis , Fabaceae/chemistry , Hydroxybenzoates/analysis , Mass Spectrometry , Phytochemicals/analysis
14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 332-336, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774076

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) during pregnancy and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-related behaviors in toddlers.@*METHODS@#A total of 348 toddlers who had accepted the measurement of PAH-DNA adduct in umbilical cord blood and evaluation of behavior problems at the age of 36 months were enrolled in this birth cohort study. Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC) were used to evaluate behavior problems at the age of 36 months. The correlation of the concentration of PAH-DNA adduct in umbilical cord blood with CBCL and ABC scores at the age of 36 months were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The detection rate of PAH-DNA adduct in umbilical cord blood was 52.3%, and the median concentration was 0.68 ng/mL. The median total scores of CBCL and ABC scales were 23 and 8 respectively. In children aged 36 months, the concentration of PAH-DNA adduct was positively correlated with the score of social withdrawal in the CBCL scale (r=0.205, P<0.05), the total score of the ABC scale (r=0.412, P<0.05), and the self-care score of the ABC scale (r=0.355, P<0.05). The concentration of PAH-DNA adduct was closely associated with the total score of the ABC scale in children aged 36 months (β=0.122, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#PAH exposure during pregnancy may be a risk factor for ASD-related behaviors in toddlers. Effective reduction of PAH exposure during pregnancy and detection of PAH-DNA adduct in neonatal umbilical cord blood are of vital importance for early prevention, screening and intervention of ASD.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Child Behavior , Cohort Studies , Fetal Blood , Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1541-1549, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771227

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#As a large, prospective, multicenter study-based prognostic score for hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF), the Chinese group on the study of severe hepatitis B-acute-on-chronic liver failure score (COSSH-ACLFs), has been approved by some foreign scholars; however, its predictive value needs to be verified. This study investigated the predictive value of COSSH-ACLFs for short-term prognosis in Chinese patients with HBV-ACLF.@*METHODS@#This retrospective cohort study included 751 patients with HBV-ACLF admitted to the Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital between January 2011 and December 2014. Spearman method was used to assess the correlation of COSSH-ACLFs with classical scores. Different COX multivariate regression models were used to confirm the relationship between COSSH-ACLFs and short-term prognosis in patients with HBV-ACLF, and stratified analysis was used to further verify the stability of this relationship. We compared the predictive powers of COSSH-ACLFs and other classical scores using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) and Z-test.@*RESULTS@#A total of 975 patients with HBV-ACLF were screened, and 751 were analyzed (623 male and 128 female). COSSH-ACLFs was the highest in patients with end-stage ACLF, followed by those with middle- and early-stage ACLF (H = 211.8, P < 0.001). In the fully adjusted model, COX multivariate regression analysis revealed that COSSH-ACLFs (as a continuous variable) was independently and positively correlated with mortality risk in patients with HBV-ACLF at 28 days (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.37 [1.22, 1.53], P < 0.001) and 90 days (HR: 1.43 [1.29, 1.58], P < 0.001). The same trend could be observed in the crude model and minimally adjusted model. The AUROCs of COSSH-ACLFs for 28-day and 90-day prognoses in patients with HBV-ACLF were 0.807 and 0.792, respectively, indicating a stronger predictive accuracy than those of classic models.@*CONCLUSIONS@#COSSH-ACLFs, with a superior predictive accuracy compared with other classical scores, can strongly predict short-term prognosis in Chinese patients with HBV-ACLF.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1541-1549, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802553

ABSTRACT

Background@#As a large, prospective, multicenter study-based prognostic score for hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF), the Chinese group on the study of severe hepatitis B-acute-on-chronic liver failure score (COSSH-ACLFs), has been approved by some foreign scholars; however, its predictive value needs to be verified. This study investigated the predictive value of COSSH-ACLFs for short-term prognosis in Chinese patients with HBV-ACLF.@*Methods@#This retrospective cohort study included 751 patients with HBV-ACLF admitted to the Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital between January 2011 and December 2014. Spearman method was used to assess the correlation of COSSHACLFs with classical scores. Different COX multivariate regression models were used to confirm the relationship between COSSHACLFs and short-term prognosis in patients with HBV-ACLF, and stratified analysis was used to further verify the stability of this relationship. We compared the predictive powers of COSSH-ACLFs and other classical scores using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) and Z-test.@*Results@#A total of 975 patients with HBV-ACLF were screened, and 751 were analyzed (623 male and 128 female). COSSH-ACLFs was the highest in patients with end-stage ACLF, followed by those with middle- and early-stage ACLF (H = 211.8, P < 0.001). In the fully adjusted model, COX multivariate regression analysis revealed that COSSH-ACLFs (as a continuous variable) was independently and positively correlated with mortality risk in patients with HBV-ACLF at 28 days (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.37 [1.22, 1.53], P < 0.001) and 90 days (HR: 1.43 [1.29, 1.58], P < 0.001). The same trend could be observed in the crude model and minimally adjusted model. The AUROCs of COSSH-ACLFs for 28-day and 90-day prognoses in patients with HBV-ACLF were 0.807 and 0.792, respectively, indicating a stronger predictive accuracy than those of classic models.@*Conclusions@#COSSH-ACLFs, with a superior predictive accuracy compared with other classical scores, can strongly predict shortterm prognosis in Chinese patients with HBV-ACLF.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 179-185, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802318

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a supercritical fluid chromatography(SFC) method for separating and purifying costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone in Aucklandiae Radix. Method:With supercritical carbon dioxide as the mobile phase,the effect of six factors, such as type of chromatographic columns,modifiers and modifiers ratio, flow rate of mobile phase,pressure and temperature, on the separation process of supercritical fluid chromatography were explored. The target components were separated and prepared by semi-preparative supercritical fluid chromatography. High performance liquid chromatography and nuclear magnetic resonance were used to analyze the components and study the thermodynamic regularity of the chromatographic process. Result:C18 column (10 mm×250 mm,5 μm) was adopted, with supercritical fluid dioxide as the mobile phase,the ratio of methanol was 0.13%,the flow rate was 12 mL·min-1,column pressure was 13 MPa,column temperature was 318℃, and detection wavelength was 225 nm. The sample was injected for 20 times,crude extract was 4 mg,and each target component was collected according to the chromatogram. Its purity was determined to be more than 99%by HPLC,and its structure was determined as costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone by NMR. Under this condition,the SFC separation process was normal-phase chromatography. Conclusion:The method can be used to prepare effective components of Aucklandiae Radix with a high purity and low solvent residue.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 493-496, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905557

ABSTRACT

The technical review for clinical trials of implantable sacral nerve stimulation system needs to focus on the basic principles of trials, clinical institutition and design elements of clinical trial protocols.

19.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 4603-4612, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850807

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a research strategy for discovering quality marker (Q-marker) of Shenzhiling Oral Liquid based on the “fingerprint-efficacy-pharmacokinetics” correlation. Methods: HPLC fingerprints and acetylcholinesterase (AchE) inhibitory activities of 12 batches of Shenzhiling Oral Liquid were analyzed. The correlation analysis between the HPLC fingerprints and AchE inhibitory effects were carried out with orthogonal signal correction-partial least squares regression (OSC-PLSR) method. Combined with network pharmacology, efficacy-related components were determined. By identifying the compounds absorbed and exposed in vivo, pharmacologically active components were determined. Finally, Q-marker could be preliminarily discovered by the comprehensive analysis associated with the integration of efficacy-related components and pharmacologically active ingredients. Results: The results of OSC-PLSR analysis showed that three efficacy-related components were closely related to AchE inhibitory activities. According to mapping the targets of diseases, 61 efficacy-related components were determined. Eleven active compounds in plasma were identified by UHPLC-quadrupole-orbitrap-MS. The Q-markers of Shenzhiling Oral Liquid were liquiritin apioside, albiflorin and azelaic acid preliminarily determined by integrated and comprehensive analysis. Conclusion: The combination of fingerprint-efficacy relationship, network pharmacology and components absorbed in plasma could be an effective way for rapid analysis and discovery of Q-marker in Shenzhiling Oral Liquid, which will be of great significance both to improve the quality control and evaluation, and ensure the safety and effectiveness of traditional Chinese medicines.

20.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 338-343, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776029

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the trend of lung cancer mortality in Xuanwei City,Yunnan Province,from 1990 to 2016 and provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control of lung cancer in Xuanwei.Methods Mortality data from the 2nd(year 1990-1992)and 3rd(year 2004-2005)Retrospective Survey on Causes of Death,and the Routine Death Registration System(year 2011-2013 and 2014-2016)in Xuanwei were used in this study.We calibrated the missing report of the mortality data for the corresponding periods,calculated the crude mortality rates,standardized mortality rates and corresponding 95% of different types of lung cancers in the above four periods.Results The crude mortality rates of all lung cancers in Xuanwei for these four periods(1990-1992,2004-2005,2011-2013,and 2014-2016)were 34.0/100 000,89.8/100 000,102.3/100 000 and 87.2/100 000 respectively.The standardized morality rate of lung cancer remain high in Xuanwei although it has been decreasing since 2004.Morality rates of lung cancer for most age groups showed decreasing trends.The decrease has been statistically significant in the ≤ 40 year group since 2014.Except for Longchang,the standardized mortality rates have decreased in all other townships with high lung cancer prevalence.Conclusions Although the mortality rate of lung cancer remains high in Xuanwei,it has shown a decreasing trend since 2004.The decrease in lung cancer mortality in populations younger than 40 years is statistically significant.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Lung Neoplasms , Mortality , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
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