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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 460-465, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985701

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological changes of early gastric cancer, especially its background mucosa, after the eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), and to investigate the causes of underdiagnosis in preoperative biopsy pathology. Methods: Ninety cases of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication and 120 cases of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) specimens without H. pylori eradication and their corresponding biopsy specimens were collected from Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University during 2016-2021. The clinicopathological data of the patients were analyzed, and the histopathological characteristics and immunophenotypic results compared. Results: Compared with the early gastric cancer without H. pylori eradication history, the histopathological type of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication was differentiated adenocarcinoma, with staggered distribution of cancerous and non-cancerous epithelium in the tumor area. The morphologic characteristics of gastric mucosa in the background of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication, were distinctive, including widening of the opening of enterosylated glandular ducts, serrated change of luminal margin, eosinophilic and microvesicular cytoplasm of enterosylated epithelium. Low-grade atypia existed in gastric cancer epithelial cells after sterilization, which might lead to underdiagnosis or missed diagnosis in biopsy pathology. Conclusions: Early gastric cancer and its background mucosa after H. pylori eradication have unique morphological characteristics, which can be used as a clue for pathological diagnosis, improve the accuracy of biopsy pathology and reduce the underdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Biopsy
2.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1229-1234, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698525

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has indicated that low-concentration hydrogen or hydrogen rich water or hydrogen saturated saline exerts a protective effect on various diseases, such as myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. OBJECTIVE: To explore the protective effect of hydrogen rich water on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. METHODS: Forty-eight Wistar rats were equally randomized into control and hydrogen-rich groups, and then subdivided into ischemic preconditioning, ischemia, and ischemia/reperfusion groups (n=8 rats in each subgroup). The myocardial ischemia/reperfusion model was established in the heart of each rat by the following procedures: reverse perfusion for 10 minutes, room temperature for 20 minutes, and reperfusion for 20 minutes. The control rats was perfused with pre-oxygenated (95% O2plus 5% CO2) 37 ℃ K-R solution and the hydrogen-rich group was perfused with pre-oxygen-equilibrated (95% O2plus 5% CO2) 37 ℃ K-R solution plus hydrogen-rich water (0.6 mmol/L, pH=7.3). Subsequently, the heart was removed, the pathological changes of the myocardial tissues were observe by hematoxylin-eosin staining, the activities of lactic dehydrogenase and creatine kinase in the myocardial tissues were determined, and the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β were detected by ELISA. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: In the control group, the activity of lactic dehydrogenase at the ischemic and ischemia/reperfusion stages was significantly higher than that at the ischemic preconditioning stage (P < 0.05), and the activity of creatine kinase at the ischemia/reperfusion stage was significantly higher than that at the ischemic preconditioning and ischemic stages (P < 0.05). In the hydrogen-rich group, there was no significant difference in the activities of lactic dehydrodenase and creatine kinase at each stage, but the activities of at the ischemia/reperfusion stage was significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). In the two groups, the order of the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β was as follows: the ischemia/reperfusion stage > ischemic stage > ischemic preconditioning stage (P < 0.05). The levels of above factors in the hydrogen-rich group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). Our findings imply that hydrogen rich water has protective effect on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury of the rat hearts in vitro,which may be by reducing the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β, and further alleviating the inflammatory response.

3.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 464-467, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792622

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk factors for measles among children under 7 years old in Wenzhou, and to provideevidence for establishing scientific strategies on measles elimination. Methods A case-control study was carried out usingmeasles cases(age <7) reported between 2013 to 2015 from the Wenzhou Measles Surveillance System (WZMSS) . Asample of 198 cases were generated from the WZMSS confirmed cases of measles, and 371 controls were generated from theWZMSS excluded cases of measles. General characteristics and potential risk factors were collected, such as sex, age,original place of residence, length of stay in Wenzhou, history of hospital exposure and measles immunization history(i.e.receiving measles-containing vaccine) and so on. An univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used toassess the association between different factors and the incidence of measles , and to investigate the risk factors that influencethe incidence of measles. Results A total of 198 measles cases among children under age 7 were reported between 2013 to2015 in Wenzhou, taking up 67.58% of the total reported measles cases of WZMSS, and suggesting an average of annualincidence rate of 8.85/10 million. The incidence ratio of male to female was 1.57:1.00. Children of 6-8 months old had thehighest incidence rate of 151.66/10 million. The incidence rate among migrant children was 15.01/10 million and wassignificantly higher thanlocal children(P<0.05) . Univariate logistic regression showed that the incidence of measles weresignificantly associated with age, original place of residence, length of stay in Wenzhou, history of hospital exposure andmeasles immunization history(P<0.05) . Multivariate logistic regression showed that migrant children(OR =2.28, 95%CI:1.56-3.33), no measles immunization history(OR=3.83, 95%CI: 2.48-5.92) and having hospital exposure(OR =2.35, 95%CI: 1.58-3.47) were risk factors for the incidence of measles. Conclusion Children of 6-8 months old had thehighest incidence rate of measles. Migrant children, nomeasles immunization history and having hospital exposurecould increase the incidence rate of measles among children younger than 7.

4.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 263-265,271, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792290

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the immunization coverage of the first dose of measles containing vaccine (MCV1 )by using the incidence of measles in Wenzhou City.Methods Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze measles cases that reported in Wenzhou city from 2007 to 2012 and evaluate the immunization coverage of the first dose of measles containing vaccine.Results The average annual incidence rate was 10.46/100 000 from 2007 to 2012,and the annual incidence rate was 43.44/100 000 for children aged from 8 months to 83 months (42.59%).Based on the proportion of immunized measles cases vaccine effectiveness (VE)of MCV,the evaluated coverage rate of MCV1 was 73.80% (VE=90%)or 84.92% (VE=95%)in children aged from 13 to 83 months.The evaluated coverage rate of MCV1 was 83.25%(VE=90%)or 90.86%(VE=95%)in local children and 69.5 1%(VE=90%)or 82.02%(VE=95%)in migrating children.The timely immunization rate of MCV1 was 59.48% (VE =90%)or 74.59% (VE =95%).Conclusion The coverage rate and timely coverage rate of MCV1 are still low.It is important to strengthen the management of migrating population and enhance propaganda to ensure a high level vaccination rate to accelerate the elimination of measles.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 23-27, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295540

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of CYP1A1 and GSTM1 genetic polymorphisms and BPDE-DNA adducts on lung tumorigenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The case control study has included 200 cases of lung cancer and 200 controls. DNA was extracted from blood samples of all subjects. The genotype of both CYP1A1 and GSTM1 were detected with PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphisms (PCR-RELP). BPDE-DNA adducts were detected with competitive ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CYP1A1 mutant genotype and GSTM1 null genotype with smoke has increased the risk of lung cancer, with OR being 2.406(1.321-4.382), 2.755(1.470-5.163), respectively. The level of BPDE-DNA adducts in patients was greater than control, and the adduct level in ever smokers was higher than never smokers, the difference was statistically significant (P= 0.0252). GSTM1 null genotype individuals with BPDE-DNA level higher than 5 adducts/10(8) nucleotide have increased risk of lung cancer (OR= 1.988, 95%CI: 1.011-3.912). Compared with never smokers with CYP1A1 wild genotype, smokers with CYP1A1 mutation genotype had an increased risk of forming a higher level of DNA adducts (P= 0.0459). Smokers with GSTM1 null genotype formed more DNA adducts compared with never smokers with GSTM1 functional genotype (OR = 2.432, 95% CI: 1.072-4.517).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GSTM1 null genotype with higher level DNA adducts may increase the risk of lung cancer. DNA adducts form easier in smokers with CYP1A1 mutation genotype and GSTM1 null genotype, which in turn may influence lung tumorigenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , 7,8-Dihydro-7,8-dihydroxybenzo(a)pyrene 9,10-oxide , Carcinogens , Case-Control Studies , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 , Genetics , DNA Adducts , Genetics , Genotype , Glutathione Transferase , Genetics , Lung Neoplasms , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 131-136, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295522

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation between RARbeta gene promoter methylation and P53 gene mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Promoter methylation of RARbeta and P53 mutations of exons 5 through 9 in 198 resected primary NSCLC tissues were determined by methylation-specific PCR and direct sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>RARbeta gene promoter methylation and P53 mutation were detected in 58.1% and 36.4% of tumors, respectively. Both were higher in males than in females and in smokers than in nonsmokers. A higher prevalence of RARbeta promoter methylation was found in patients with advanced stage tumors than those with TNM stage I. P53 gene mutations were more frequent in squamous cell carcinoma and adeno-squamous carcinoma than adenocarcinoma. All such differences were statistically significant (P< 0.05). Frequencies of P53 mutations, including G:C>T:A mutations, transversions and missense mutations were significantly higher in tumors with RARbeta methylation than in those without (P< 0.05). A significantly higher prevalence of RARbeta methylation was found in tumors with only G:C>T:A mutation in P53 gene than those without P53 mutations (P< 0.05). This difference (OR=3.737, 95%CI: 1.414-9.873) was still statistically significant (P< 0.05) in smokers (OR=4.020, 95%CI: 1.263-12.800), squamous cell carcinomas (OR=5.480, 95%CI: 1.400-21.446) or patients with advanced tumors (OR=3.446, 95%CI: 1.054-11.267) after adjusting for age and sex.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RARbeta methylation is associated with G:C>T:A mutations in P53 gene in NSCLC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Base Sequence , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Genetics , Pathology , DNA Methylation , Genes, p53 , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Lung Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Molecular Sequence Data , Mutation , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Genetics
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3991-3996, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339912

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The heme oxygenase/carbon monoxide (HO/CO) system plays an important role in the development of hepatic fibrosis. The level of the HO/CO can be directly obtained by determining the carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) level. The aims of this study were to reveal the significance of COHb in patients with hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis (HBC) complicated by hepatic encephalopathy (HE), and to further investigate the influence of the HO/CO pathway on the end-stage cirrhosis, hoping to find a reliable indicator to evaluate the course of HBC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to the diagnostic criteria, 63 HBC inpatients with HE were enrolled in group H. Patients regaining awareness with current therapies were categorized into group P-H. Comparisons were made with a control group (group N) consisting of 20 health volunteers. The levels of COHb, partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) and oxygen saturation (SaO2) were determined by arterial blood gas analysis method. The incidences of hepatorenal syndrome (HRS), upper gastrointestinal bleeding, esophagogastric varices and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in group H were recorded. COHb levels in different groups were compared, and the correlations of COHb levels with HE grades (I, II, III, and IV), PaO2, SaO2 and hypoxemia were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The COHb level in group P-H ((1.672 ± 0.761)%) was significantly higher than that in group N ((0.983 ± 0.231)%) (P < 0.01), and the level in group H ((2.102 ± 1.021)%) was significantly higher than groups P-H and N (P < 0.01). A positive correlation was observed between the COHb concentration and the grade of HE (r(s) = 0.357, P = 0.004). There were no significant differences of COHb levels between HE patients with and without complications such as esophagogastric varices ((2.302 ± 1.072)% vs. (1.802 ± 1.041)%, P > 0.05) or the occurrence of SBP ((2.960 ± 0.561)% vs. (2.030 ± 1.021)%, P > 0.05). Compared with HE patients with HRS, the level of COHb was significantly higher in HE patients without HRS ((2.502 ± 1.073)% vs. (1.981 ± 1.020)%, P = 0.029). The COHb level had a negative correlation with PaO2 (r = -0.335, P = 0.007) while no statistically significant relationship was found with SaO2 (r = -0.071, P > 0.05). However, when the above two parameters met the diagnostic criteria of hypoxemia, the COHb concentration increased ((2.621 ± 0.880)% vs. (1.910 ± 0.931)%, P = 0.011).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>COHb is a potential candidate to estimate the severity and therapeutic effect of HE. The levels of COHb may be tissue-specific in cirrhotic patients with different complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carboxyhemoglobin , Metabolism , Fibrosis , Virology , Hepatic Encephalopathy , Metabolism , Hepatitis B virus , Virulence
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 23-28, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234325

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of promoter methylation of p16, death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) and retinoic acid receptor-beta (RAR beta) genes on clinical data in non-small cell lung cancers, and to study the effect of smoking on the risk of gene methylation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The promoter methylation of p16, DAPK and RAR beta genes in 200 primary non-small cell lung cancers and the corresponding nonmalignant lung tissues were determined by methylation-specific PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Methylation in the tumor tissues was detected in 51.0% for p16, 60.0% for DAPK, and 58.0% for RAR beta gene, with significant differences (P < 0.05) when compared with those in the corresponding nonmalignant tissues(12.5%, 11.5% and 15.0%) respectively. p16 gene methylation in tumor tissue was associated with age significantly in unconditional logistic regression analysis (P < 0.01) and histologic type (P < 0.05). DAPK gene methylation in tumor tissue was associated significantly with age (P < 0.05), gender (P < 0.05) and clinical type (P < 0.05). RAR beta gene methylation in tumor tissue was associated with clinical type (P < 0.05) and tumor stage (P < 0.05) significantly. The interaction odds ratio (OR) for the gene-gene interaction in tumor tissue between p16 and DAPK was 1.987 (95%CI:1.055-3.743). The results of the gene-smoking analyses revealed that a relationship existed between cigarette smoking and p16 gene methylation (OR = 3.139, 95%CI: 1.046-9.419), the OR for the relationship of DAPK gene methylation and cigarette smoking was 3.585(95%CI: 1.270-10.123) in tumor tissue. The RAR beta gene methylation did not differ based on the smoking status of patients in tumor tissue.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The p16, DAPK and RAR beta genes methylation are strongly associated with clinical data of non-small cell lung cancer, and methylation of p16 and DAPK genes are associated with tobacco smoking.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases , Genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Genetics , Pathology , DNA Methylation , Death-Associated Protein Kinases , Genes, p16 , Logistic Models , Lung Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Genetics , Smoking
9.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 586-589, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306382

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To obtain egg yolk antibody in hen eggs laid by hens immunized with the protein of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg). To generate, purify IgY against Pg (anti-Pg-IgY) and identify its specificity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PgATCC33277 was cultured under standard anaerobic conditions and harvested after proliferation. Then Pg was extracted by sonication until the cell pellets were shattered completely. After centrifugatiton, the supernatant was collected. Five-month-old Roman hens were immunized for egg antibody production. The antibody was inoculated intramuscularly and subcutaneously in the breast from multiple spot with 1.0 ml of a vaccine consisting of oil-adjuvant protein which was mixed with 1 ml protein of Pg and 1 ml Freund's adjuvant complete every 10 days, for 4 times. The eggs were collected after the first immunization and stored at 4°C. The anti-Pg-IgY was extracted and purified. The protein concentration was tested by bicinchoninic acid (BCA), the specificity of IgY analyzed by SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), the titre of IgY and its physicochemical character were evaluated by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The concentration of obtained anti-Pg-IgY was 2.05 g/L. SDS-PAGE analysis of the anti-Pg-IgY showed that the molecular weight of IgY was consistent with the theoretical value. Protein of anti-Pg-IgY appeared approximately 5 days after the first immunization, and reached the peak at 50 - 55 days. Antibody titres reached 1:100 000. Each egg produced more than 10 mg IgY, and its purification was up to 95% as well.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Layer hens immuned by Pg may provide specific IgY of high titre and high concentration. The antibody has high purity and is heat, acid and alkali-resistant.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Chickens , Allergy and Immunology , Egg Yolk , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunization , Immunoglobulins , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Allergy and Immunology
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 918-922, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239924

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a severe vascular complication in lungs resulting in systemic hypoxemia in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. The underlying structural change in HPS is intrapulmonary vasodilation, which can lead to impaired oxygenation of pulmonary venous blood. It has been demonstrated that the heme oxygenase-1/carbon monoxide (HO-1/CO) system plays an important role in the control of vascular tone. The aim of this study was to further investigate the role of HO-1 in the pathogenesis of HPS in animal model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 35 rats were divided into liver cirrhosis, zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP), cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP) and sham groups. Biliary cirrhosis was established in the first three groups by bile duct ligation. Rats in the ZnPP and CoPP groups received once intraperitoneal injection of ZnPP and CoPP, respectively, 24 hours before sample collection. Expression of HO-1 mRNA in lung was detected by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, while protein expression was determined by immunohistochemical analysis. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to confirm the presence of liver cirrhosis and intrapulmonary vasodilation. Arterial blood gases, mean arterial pressure and portal vein pressure were also measured. Analysis of variance or Wilcoxon statistical methods were used to determine statistical significance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the sham group, the cirrhotic group demonstrated increased expression of pulmonary HO-1 mRNA and protein (P < 0.01). The level of arterial carboxyhemoglobin (COHb), alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient (A-aPO2), mean arterial pressure, portal vein pressure (P < 0.05, respectively), and intrapulmonary vasodilation were also significantly increased. Compared with the cirrhotic group, CoPP treatment increased pulmonary HO-1 mRNA and protein expression, the level of A-aPO2 (P < 0.05 respectively), COHb (P < 0.01), and intrapulmonary vasodilation, while ZnPP treatment decreased pulmonary HO-1 mRNA and protein expression, the level of COHb (P < 0.05 respectively), and intrapulmonary vasodilation, without obvious alteration of mean arterial pressure and portal vein pressure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Increased pulmonary HO-1 expression is an important contributor to the development of experimental HPS.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Enzyme Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Hemodynamics , Immunohistochemistry , Liver Cirrhosis , Genetics , Lung , Metabolism , Protoporphyrins , Therapeutic Uses , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3304-3308, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241587

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Heme oxygenase (HO) plays roles in some liver diseases, but what it does in immune liver fibrosis is rarely reported. We investigated the regulation mechanisms of HO-1 in rat immune liver fibrosis to find routes for intervention.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group (N, n = 12), fibrosis group (F, n = 20), cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP) inducing group (Co, n = 20) and zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP) inhibiting group (Zn, n = 20). In groups F, Co and Zn, immune liver fibrosis was established with human serum albumin. At the attacked stage, CoPP (5 mg/kg) and ZnPP (5 mg/kg) were intraperitoneally injected in groups Co and Zn, respectively. After establishment of rat models, the numbers of rats reduced to 11, 15, 17 and 12 in groups N, F, Co and Zn respectively, because of death during the process. HO-1 in liver was detected by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The indexes of fibrosis were assessed by radioimmunoassay. Concentrations of serum transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinses (TIMP-1) were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Hepatic stellate cell (HSC) and proliferation degree of fibrosis were assessed by pathological examination. Data analysis was performed by SPSS 10.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of HO-1 in group F was significantly higher than that in group N, but lower than that in group Co (P < 0.05); while that in group Zn was lower than in group F (P < 0.05), but still higher than that in group N (P < 0.01). Compared with group N, liver functional and liver fibrosis indicators were increased in group F (P < 0.01), while comparing to group F, they were decreased in group Co (P < 0.05) and increased in group Zn (P < 0.05). CoPP reduced the extent of hepatocellular injury and hepatic fibrosis in comparison with group F (P < 0.01), being the opposite effect of ZnPP (P < 0.01). HSC was observed using indirect method and the result showed that the number of HSC in group F increased more than that in groups N and Co, while much less than in group Zn. The concentration of TGF-β1 decreased when HO-1 expressed increasingly (group Co: (3.5 ± 1.0) ng/ml, group F: (7.8 ± 1.3) ng/ml, P < 0.01) and enhanced (group Zn: (9.6 ± 13.6) ng/ml) when HO-1 presented less (P < 0.01). The concentrations of TIMP-1 were (151.1 ± 32.0), (472.0 ± 34.8), (232.3 ± 41.3) and (533.2 ± 37.2) ng/g liver wet weight in groups N, F, Co, and Zn, respectively. It was reduced in group Co (P < 0.01) and increased in group Zn compared with group F (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Inducing HO-1 expression appropriately may lighten hepatic fibrosis, and in contrast, inhibiting it strengthens the lesion. HO-1 interferes with the main ways to form liver fibrosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Blotting, Western , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Liver Cirrhosis , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 741-745, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327954

ABSTRACT

Comparing to Chitosan, Chitosan-oligosaccharides have several special functions, such as water-soluble, antitumor activity, immunostimulating effects, and antimicrobial activity. The chitosan-oligosaccharide, the molecular weight of which was about 5000, was used as research model. According to the agarose gel electrophoresis and UV spectrophotometer it was proved that electrostatic interaction was playing a very important role in the formation process of chitosan-oligosaccharide/DNA complex. The potential of adsorbing DNA on chitosan-oligosaccharide was analyzed by gel electrophoresis and UV spectrophotometer, and it was indicated that chitosan-oligosaccharide can improve the storage and structure stability of DNA. To check its protection ability to DNA by DNase I digestive experiment, the result showed that chitosan-oligosaccharide could load with plasmid effectively and protect DNA from being digested by DNase I. It was proved that chitosan-oligosacchide was safe and effective for gene delivery and will have a very good future in the field of gene therapy.


Subject(s)
Chitosan , Chemistry , DNA , Chemistry , Gene Transfer Techniques , Genetic Vectors , Nanoparticles , Chemistry , Oligosaccharides , Chemistry
13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 282-286, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264712

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the event-related potentials (ERPs) waves of verbs and prepositions in the brain.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We recorded ERPs in the brain while participants judged the legality of the collocation for verbs and prepositions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both verbs and prepositions elicited a negativity at the frontal site in 230-330 ms and 350-500 ms window. No difference was seen in 230-330 ms and 350-500 ms window; In difference waves, a negativity was elicited in the left and right hemisphere at about 270-400 ms and 470-600 ms window for both open and closed-class words.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These may demonstrate that prepositions in modern Chinese are probably not a separate class from verbs and that N280 may be not a specific component for only prepositions (or closed-class words).</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Asian People , Brain , Physiology , Electroencephalography , Evoked Potentials , Physiology , Language , Photic Stimulation , Reading
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 152-156, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281951

ABSTRACT

In order to get some novel compounds with potent iNOS inhibitory activity, 12 target compounds of N-[ 4-( benzimidazole-2-thio) phenyl ] -N'-alkyl guanidine derivatives ( I1- I12 ) were synthesized from 1-benzoyl-3-[ 4-( benzimidazole-2-thio) phenyl] thioureas (4) by hydrolysis with 2. 0 mol x L(-1) sodium hydroxide solution containing tetrahydrofuran to form the corresponding N-[ 4-(benzimidazole-2-thio) phenyl] thioureas (5) which was S-ethylated with ethyl iodide, followed by amination with primary amines or secondary amines. The intermediate 4 was synthesized from 2-mercaptobenzimidazole (1) by reaction with 1-chloro-4-nitrobenzene to form 2-( 4-nitrophenylthio) benzimidazole (2) which was reduced by iron powder and hydrochloric acid, followed by reaction with benzoyl isothiocyanate. The structures of compounds I1 - I12 were confirmed by IR, MS,1H NMR and elemental analysis. The results of preliminary pharmacological test showed that the activities of three compounds (I 1, I8 and I10) were stronger than aminoguanidine, especially for compound I1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Benzimidazoles , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Enzyme Inhibitors , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Guanidines , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Macrophages, Peritoneal , Cell Biology , Molecular Structure , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Metabolism
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 69-72, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266815

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of TCTS on endometriosis rats.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>On the model of surgical induced rat endometriosis, weight and pathological changes of endometrial transplant and serum hormones were observed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Weight of endometrial transplants was reduced by TCTS 11.2 g.kg-1 and 22.5 g.kg-1 and transplants of TCTS treated rat showed poorly developed epithelium, thinner stroma, fewer stromal cells and glands. At the same time elevated serum E2, FSH and LH were reduced by TCTS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TCTS can inhibit the growth of endometrial transplants, which is related with serum hormone, especially E2.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Chemistry , Curcuma , Chemistry , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Endometriosis , Blood , Pathology , Endometrium , Pathology , Estradiol , Blood , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Blood , Luteinizing Hormone , Blood , Phytotherapy , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Prunella , Chemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Uterine Diseases , Blood , Pathology
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