Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 28
Filter
Add filters








Type of study
Year range
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2378-2382, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886962

ABSTRACT

GeXIVA[1,2] is a new type of conotoxin recently discovered in the transcriptome of Conus generalis and it is expected to be used clinically as a new type of analgesic. This study established and verified a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method for the marine drug GeXIVA[1,2] in the plasma of rats and Beagle dogs. The mouse monoclonal antibody 4B2 and biotin-labeled rabbit polyclonal antibody 2# were developed. The checkerboard method was used to optimize the antibody pairing concentration, minimum dilution ratio, incubation temperature, and incubation time to establish an antibody sandwich ELISA detection method. Verify the established testing methods. The established ELISA method has a quantitative range of 1.25-80 ng·mL-1 in rat and Beagle plasma. The precision, accuracy, selectivity, specificity, stability, dilution linearity, and hook effect all meet the requirements for biological sample analysis. All the procedures for the animal experiments were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute (Permit Number: IACUC-DWZX-2020-698). This method can support the preclinical pharmacokinetic study of the marine drug GeXIVA.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887948

ABSTRACT

Tumor metastasis is an important cause of tumor treatment failure. Its molecular mechanism is closely related to tumor cells remodeling immune cells and immunosuppressive microenvironment, so as to create a suitable soil for tumor cell invasion and growth. "Huoxue Huayu" is one of the important therapeutic principles in cancer treatment, but the influence of Huoxue drugs on tumor metastasis has been controversial in clinical application. In this paper, we systematically summarized the comparative study of Huoxue drugs and Yiqi Huoxue drugs in tumor metastasis in recent years, and discussed the differences of molecular mechanisms of Huoxue drugs and Yiqi Huoxue drugs in anti-tumor metastasis from the perspective of immune remodeling, so as to provide scientific basis for clinical rational application of Huoxue drugs and Yiqi Huoxue drugs.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872720

ABSTRACT

Clinically, the incidence and mortality of malignant tumors are relatively high, especially in underdeveloped regions or countries. In recent years, with the continuous improvement of people's health awareness, living standards and medical standards, the incidence and mortality of malignant tumors have been declining. At present, malignant tumors are mostly treated by western medicine therapies in clinic, such as surgical resection or radiation therapy, chemical drug therapy, targeted drug therapy and immunotherapy. However, patients with postoperative tumors are prone to relapse and metastasis, with severe adverse reactions and a poor prognosis. And drug resistance and other issues have a serious impact on clinical efficacy and the quality of life of patients. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that malignant tumors belong to the "accumulation" and "abdominal mass", with both internal and external etiologies. The internal etiology is mainly the insufficient anti-pathogenic energy. The external etiology is mainly six exogenous pathogenic factors to the body seven emotional stimulations. Pathogenic factors, such as deficiencies of Qi and blood, imbalance of Yin and Yang and visceral dysfunction, which lead to the occurrence of malignant tumors. The pathogenesis is mostly based on the asthenia in origin and access in superficiality. The asthenia in origin is mainly due to the insufficient anti-pathogenic energy, with Qi stagnation, blood stasis, phlegm coagulation, and toxic knot as the symptoms. For malignant tumors, like modules, the method for softening hardness to dissipate stagnation is the first choice. Chinese herbal medicine for softening hardness to dissipate stagnation is widely used for malignant tumors in clinic, with a remarkable clinical efficacy. Therefore, in recent years, anti-tumor mechanism and clinical studies of Chinese herbal medicine for softening hardness to dissipate stagnation have become a hotspot at home and abroad. This paper combines the domestic and foreign literatures of the effect of Chinese herbal medicine for softening hardness to dissipate stagnation in treating malignant tumors in both pharmacological trials and clinical research over the past cade. The progress of the studies is reviewed, in the expectation of providing a reference for the clinical anti-tumor application of Chinese herbal medicine for softening hardness to dissipate stagnation.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1123-1126, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827152

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) in the treatment of Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 5 children with JMML who were treated with unrelated UCBT from October 2011 to July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The age of onset for the five children (male) ranged from 0.4 to 5.0 years old, with a median age of 1.5 years old. All the patients received myeloablative conditioning regimen without ATG to whom cyclosporine A (CsA) with short-term mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was given for GVHD prophylaxis.@*RESULTS@#Four children acquired engraftment. One patient received secondary haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation because of the failure in the first unrelated UCBT. Grade Ⅲ to Ⅳ aGVHD occurred in 2 cases and was controlled, and none of the patients developed cGVHD. Three cases achieved long-time disease free survival,and no patient relapsed.@*CONCLUSION@#UCBT is an effective treatment for children with JMML.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile , Male , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828707

ABSTRACT

In the current revision of neonatal resuscitation training course material and its in-depth learning, referring to the American original textbook on neonatal resuscitation, the authors have some recognition and discussion about its several technical details or translated words. These include the location and time period of postnatal rapid assessment, the expression of respiratory questions, the pressing position in the tracheal intubation, and the expression of respiratory questions in the flow chart of resuscitation, etc. The accurate understanding and interpretation of the above will help grass-roots training to be carried out more accurately and effectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intubation, Intratracheal , Resuscitation
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1246-1252, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775733

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical outcomes of engraftment, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and survival in the patients with AML1-ETO positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated with unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT).@*METHODS@#Forty-Five patients with high-risk refractory AML1-ETO positive AML were treated with a single UCBT in a single center from July 2010 to April 2018. All the patients underwent a myeloablative preconditioning regimen,and cyclosporine A (CSA) combined with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was used to prevent GVHD.@*RESULTS@#The median value of total nucleated cells (TNC) in cord blood was 5.21 (1.96-12.68)×10/kg recipient body weight, and that of CD34+ cells was 5.61 (0.56-15.4)×10/kg recipient weight. The implantation rate of neutrophil at 42 d and that of platelet at 120 d were 95.6% and 86.7%, respectively. The median time of absolute neutrophil count (ANC)>0.5×10/L and platelet 20×10/L were 16 (12-18) d and 37 (17-140) d after transplantation, respectively. The cumulative incidence of Ⅰ -Ⅳ grade acute GVHD (aGVHD) at 100 d after transplantation was 48.9% (95% CI 33.5%-62.6%), Ⅱ-Ⅳ grade aGVHD occurred in 12 cases (33.3%) (95% CI 20%-47.2%) , and Ⅲ-Ⅳ grade a GVHD in 8 cases (20%) (95% CI 9.8% -32.8%). In 5 cases of 40 patients survived over 100 days, the chronic GVHD (cGVHD) occurred after transplantation, among which 4 were localized, and 1 was extensive. 3 patients relapsed, and the 2-year cumulative relapse rate was 9.5% (95% CI 2.4%-22.8%). The median follow-up time was 23.5 (0.9-89.67) months, 10 patients died, 2-year disease-free survival rate (DFS) was 72.7%, and overall survival rate (OS) was 75.5%. Multivariate analysis showed that Ⅲ-Ⅳ. acute GVHD (aGVHD) affected overall survival.@*CONCLUSION@#UCBT is an effective rescue treatment for patients with high-risk refractory AML1-ETO positive AML.


Subject(s)
Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit , Graft vs Host Disease , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mycophenolic Acid , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , RUNX1 Translocation Partner 1 Protein , Transplantation Conditioning
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1633-1640, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA load on immune reconstitution and clinical outcomes of patients after unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT).@*METHODS@#Eight-color flow cytometry was used to dynamically monitor the changes of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets of 41 patients at one year after UCBT, and 10 healthy volunteers were enroled as controls. Patients were divided into two groups according to the DNA load of CMV (DNA copies <1000/ml and DNA copies ≥1000/ml). Comparative analyse of the effect of CMV DNA load on lymphocyte subsets and transplantation outcomes were carried out after transplantation.@*RESULTS@#The high CMV DNA load group showed a faster and expanded T cell reconstitution, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant at one and nine months after transplantation (0.38×10 /L vs 0.25×10 /L, P=0.015 and 2.53×10 /L vs 1.36×10 /L, P=0.006, respectively). Further analysis of T cell subsets suggested that CD8 T cells presented a higher and faster recovery in the high DNA load group, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant at one and nine months after transplantation (0.20×10 /L vs 0.10×10 /L, P=0.038 and 1.62×10 /L vs 0.68×10 /L, P=0.003, respectively). In addition, there were no significant differences in levels of B cells, regulatory B cells and NK cells between the two groups. Outcomes after one- and a-half-year transplantation showed that there were no significant difference in relapse, non-relapse mortality and overall survival between the high and the low DNA load groups (7.7% vs 7.5%) (P=0.900) (15.4% vs 21.4%) (P=0.686) and (76.9% vs 78.6%) (P=0.889) respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The high CMV DNA load induces a faster and long-lasting expansion of T cells, mainly as the expansion of CD8 T cells after UCBT. Besides, under the current pre-emptive treatment of CMV, the high CMV DNA load does not affect the early survival of patients with acute myeloid leukemia after UCBT.


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Cytomegalovirus , DNA , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immune Reconstitution
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1976-1981, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780273

ABSTRACT

We studied the protective effect and mechanism of isorhamnetin (ISO) on 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridiniumion (MPP+)-induced SH-SY5Y cells injury. MPP+-induced SH-SY5Y cell injury model was established, and cell viability was measured by MTT and LDH methods. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in cells were determined to investigate the level of oxidative stress. DCFH-DA and MitoSOX fluorescence probes were used to detect the levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondria superoxide, respectively. JC-1 fluorescence probe was used to detect the changes of mitochondrial membrane potential. Western blot and immunofluorescence methods were used to determine the expressions of Sirt1 and PGC-1 proteins, as well as the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins Bax and Bcl-2. MPP+ at the dose of 500 μmol·L-1 significantly reduced SH-SY5Y cells viability to 52.46% and increased LDH release to 417.63%. ISO at 5 and 15 μmol·L-1 significantly increased the expression of Sirt1 and PGC-1α, inhibited LDH release, reduced intracellular ROS and mitochondria superoxide, inhibited the decline of mitochondrial membrane potential and increased cell viability to 61.61% and 67.55%. In addition, ISO could downregulate the expression of Bax and upregulate the expression of Bcl-2 to reduce cell apoptosis. ISO-mediated inhibition of apoptosis could be reversed by Sirt1 specific inhibitor Sirtinol. Through activating Sirt1/PGC-1α signaling pathway, ISO could reduce oxidative stress injury and inhibit cell apoptosis to protect cells from MPP+ injury.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773586

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to develop a practical strategy to tackle the problem of lacking standard compounds and limited references for identifying structure-related compounds in Streptocaulon griffithii Hook. f., especially those in trace concentrations, with a focus on antitumor activity. The cardiac glycosides (CGs)-enriched part was determined using in vitro bioactive assays in three cancer cell lines and then isolated using macroporous resins. The MS and MS/MS data were acquired using a high performance liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid quadrupole-time of flight (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS) system. To acquire data of trace compound in the extract, a multiple segment program was applied to modify the HPLC-Q-TOF-MS method. A mass defect filter (MDF) approach was employed to make a primary MS data filtration. Utilizing a MATLAB program, the redundant peaks obtained by imprecise MDF template calculated with limited references were excluded by fragment ion classification, which was based on the ion occurrence number in the MDF-filtered total ion chromatograms (TIC). Additionally, the complete cleavage pathways of CG aglycones were proposed to assist the structural identification of 29 common fragment ions (CFIs, ion occurrence number ≥ 5) and diagnostic fragment ions (DFIs, ion occurrence number < 5). As a result, 30 CGs were filtered out from the MDF results, among which 23 were identified. This newly developed strategy may provide a rapid and effective tool for identifying structure-related compounds in herbal medicines.


Subject(s)
A549 Cells , Animals , Apocynaceae , Chemistry , Cardiac Glycosides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Toxicity , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Computational Biology , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , MCF-7 Cells , Mice , Molecular Structure , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Workflow
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812375

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to develop a practical strategy to tackle the problem of lacking standard compounds and limited references for identifying structure-related compounds in Streptocaulon griffithii Hook. f., especially those in trace concentrations, with a focus on antitumor activity. The cardiac glycosides (CGs)-enriched part was determined using in vitro bioactive assays in three cancer cell lines and then isolated using macroporous resins. The MS and MS/MS data were acquired using a high performance liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid quadrupole-time of flight (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS) system. To acquire data of trace compound in the extract, a multiple segment program was applied to modify the HPLC-Q-TOF-MS method. A mass defect filter (MDF) approach was employed to make a primary MS data filtration. Utilizing a MATLAB program, the redundant peaks obtained by imprecise MDF template calculated with limited references were excluded by fragment ion classification, which was based on the ion occurrence number in the MDF-filtered total ion chromatograms (TIC). Additionally, the complete cleavage pathways of CG aglycones were proposed to assist the structural identification of 29 common fragment ions (CFIs, ion occurrence number ≥ 5) and diagnostic fragment ions (DFIs, ion occurrence number < 5). As a result, 30 CGs were filtered out from the MDF results, among which 23 were identified. This newly developed strategy may provide a rapid and effective tool for identifying structure-related compounds in herbal medicines.


Subject(s)
A549 Cells , Animals , Apocynaceae , Chemistry , Cardiac Glycosides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Toxicity , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Computational Biology , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , MCF-7 Cells , Mice , Molecular Structure , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Workflow
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699658

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the eukaryotic expression vector of LDHA with Flag label and detect its effects on the growth of human choroidal melanoma (CM) MUM-2B cells.Methods CM cells line MUM-2B subcultured by the Military Academy of Sciences were divided into two groups:experimental group and control group.The experimental group was transiently transfected with Flag-LDHA plasmid,and the control group was transiently transfected with Flag plasmid.Using the Flag-LDHA with GST label as a template,the LDHA gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR),which then was inserted into eukaryotic expression vector of Flag,and the recombinant plasmid Flag-LDHA was identified by bacterial liquid PCR,double enzyme digestion and sequencing,both which were transiently transfected into human CM MUM-2B cells after successful identification,and finally,its expression was determined by Western blot.The biology behaviors of melanoma cell line MUM-2B transfected with Flag-LDHA and Flag plasmid were analyzed by counting Kit-8 (CCK8) assays.Results The coding region sequence of LDHA gene of approximately 1000 bp was harvested from PCR amplification,which was successfully cloned into the Flag vector.Compared with the control group,the PCR result of the bacterial liquid in the experimental group was positive.The double enzyme digestion results showed that eukaryotic expression vector of Flag with a length of about 4000 bp Flag vector and a 1000 bp LDHA gene band.And the sequencing results indicated that the inserted sequence was completely in consonance with the coding sequence of the LDHA gene.Western blot results showed the successful expression of recombinant plasmid Flag-LDHA in MUM-2B melanoma cells.CCK8 assays demonstrated that Flag-LDHA recombinant plasmid could promote the growth of melanoma cell line MUM-2B.Conclusion The eukaryotic expression vector of Flag-LDHA was successfully constructed,which can promote the growth of melanoma cell line MUM-2B.This will lay the foundation for studying the function of LDHA in the initiation and progression of human CM.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699542

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the eukaryotic expression vector of pyruvate kinase M1 (PKM1) gene labeled with pXJ-40-myc and detect its biological activity in ocular B16 melanoma cells.Methods Ocular B16 melanoma ceils were randomly divided into experimental and control group,and the experimental group was transfected with pXJ-40-myc-PKM1 plasmid and the control group was transfected with pXJ-40-myc plasmid.Then PKM1 gene was amplified by PCR with human liver cDNA library as the template.The recombinant plasmid pXJ-40-myc-PKM1 was identified by bacteria PCR and double enzyme digestion,followed by transfection of pXJ40-myc-PKM1 and pXJ-40-myc plasmid into B16 melanoma cells,and finally,the expression of PKM1 protein was verified by the Western blot,while wound healing assay was used to detect the effects of PKM1 on the migration of ocular melanoma ceils.Results The length of PKM1 gene was 1800bp,which was consistent with the expected size.Compared with the control group,the result of bacteria PCR was positive.The length of double enzyme digestion was 4000 bp and 1800 bp respectively.Western blot results showed that recombinant plasmld pXJ-40-myc-PKM1 was successfully expressed in ocular B16 melanoma cells.Compared with the control group,wound healing assay showed that recombinant plasmid could inhibit the migration of ocular B16 melanoma cells.Conclusion The eukaryotic expression vector of pXJ-40-myc-PKM1 is successfully constructed,which can suppress the migration of ocular B16 melanoma cells.

13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 353-360, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812760

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of Kudzu Root plus Cinnamon Granules (KR+C) on prostatic hyperplasia (PH) in mice.@*METHODS@#Sixty 4-week-old Kunming male mice were randomly divided into six groups: blank control, PH model, high-, medium- and low-dose KR+C, and finasteride control. All the mice except those in the blank control group were subcutaneously injected with testosterone propionate (5 mg / [kg·d]) at 7 days after surgical castration. The animals of different groups were treated intragastrically with different doses of KR+C, finasteride, and normal saline respectively for 3 weeks and then sacrificed for weighing of the prostate, calculation of the prostatic index, observation of the morphological changes in the prostate after HE staining, determination of the expressions of FGF2, Ki67 and TGF-β1 by immunohistochemistry, detection of 5α-reductase activity by ELISA, and measurement of the apoptosis index of the prostatic cells by TUNEL.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model controls, the mice of the other groups showed significantly reduced prostatic volume (P 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#KR+C can reduce the prostatic volume of PH mice by decreasing the activity of 5α- reductase, inhibiting the expressions of FGF2, Ki67 and TGF-β1, and promoting the apoptosis of prostatic cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cholestenone 5 alpha-Reductase , Metabolism , Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Chemistry , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Metabolism , Finasteride , Therapeutic Uses , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Organ Size , Phytotherapy , Methods , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Prostate , Pathology , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Pueraria , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Testosterone Propionate , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism , Urological Agents , Therapeutic Uses
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297235

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the fat emulsion tolerance in preterm infants of different gestational ages in the early stage after birth.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 98 preterm infants were enrolled and divided into extremely preterm infant group (n=17), early preterm infant group (n=48), and moderate-to-late preterm infant group (n=33). According to the dose of fat emulsion, they were further divided into low- and high-dose subgroups. The umbilical cord blood and dried blood filter papers within 3 days after birth were collected. Tandem mass spectrometry was used to measure the content of short-, medium-, and long-chain acylcarnitines.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The extremely preterm infant and early preterm infant groups had a significantly lower content of long-chain acylcarnitines in the umbilical cord blood and dried blood filter papers within 3 days after birth than the moderate-to-late preterm infant group (P<0.05), and the content was positively correlated with gestational age (P<0.01). On the second day after birth, the low-dose fat emulsion subgroup had a significantly higher content of short-, medium-, and long-chain acylcarnitines than the high-dose fat emulsion subgroup among the extremely preterm infants (P<0.05). In the early preterm infant and moderate-to-late preterm infant groups, there were no significant differences in the content of short-, medium-, and long-chain acylcarnitines between the low- and high-dose fat emulsion subgroups within 3 days after birth.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with moderate-to-late preterm infants, extremely preterm infants and early preterm infants have a lower capacity to metabolize long-chain fatty acids within 3 days after birth. Early preterm infants and moderate-to-late preterm infants may tolerate high-dose fat emulsion in the early stage after birth, but extremely preterm infants may have an insufficient capacity to metabolize high-dose fat emulsion.</p>


Subject(s)
Carnitine , Blood , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Metabolism , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Metabolism
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271905

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the hemostatic effect of spleen-invigorating, qi-replenishing and blood-containing formula on simvastatin-induced zebrafish hemorrhage model, and to compare with the effect of clearing heat and cooling blood formula.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Zebrafishes from breed A B line were treated with 0.5 µmol/L simvastatin for 24 hours to establish zebrafishes hemorrhage model. Under strict blinded experimental conditions, the above mentioned zebrafishes were then treated with experimental drug of different concentrations at the maximum non-lethal dose. The intervention effect of spleen-invigorating, qi-replenishing and blood-containing formula was comprehensively assessed by examining the main observational parameters, such as bleeding reduction rate and hemostasis rate while referring to additional parameters, such as blood flow, improvement rate of blood flow, velocity of movement, improvement rate of motion, which are characteristics of spleen qi deficiency.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>When the hemostatic effect of experimental drug B1 at the concentrations of 500 and 1 000 µg/ml, zebrafish bleeding rates were 30% and 15%, the hemostatic rate was 60% and 80%, respectively; when the experimental drug B2 at concentration of 500 and 1 000 µg/ml, Zebrafish bleeding rates were 45% and 40%, the hemostatic rate was 40% and 47%, respectively, showing that experimental drug B1 was superior to B2 in terms of decreasing bleeding rate and improving hemostatic effect in zebrafish. In the equal concentration, the experimental drug B1 was superior to B2 in terms of increasing and improving the blood flow of hemorrhagic zebrafish. Promotion and improvement of motion: in equal concentration, experimental drug B1 was superior to B2 in terms of promoting the motion velocity and increasing the improving rate of motion in zebrafish.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The spleen-invigorating, qi-replenishing and blood-containing formula displays a good hemostatic effect on simvastatin-induced hemorrhage of zebrafish. It also boosts the blood flow and motion velocity in hemorrhagic zebrafish, therefore, providing an experimental basis for the treatment of syndrome of spleen failing to control blood by spleen-invigorating, qi-replenishing and blood-containing formula.</p>

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2148-2149, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638054

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the clinical effects of dual-incision phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation combined with trabeculectomy in cataract and glaucoma patients. METHODS: To observe the visual acuity, intraocular pressure and complications for 3-12mo after surgery as a retrospective study of 65 patients ( 70 eyes ) with cataract and glaucoma. RESULTS: The visual acuity of 2 eyes was lower than 0.1, 6 eyes were ranged from 0. 1 to 0. 3, 60 eyes were from 0. 4 to 0. 8, 2 eyes were over 1. 0. The postoperative intraocular pressure of 26 eyes were effective controlled. The postoperative shallow anterior chamber occurred in 1 eye. CONCLUSION: It is an ideal treatment to take dual-incision phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation combined with trabeculectomy in cataract and glaucoma patients and it shows better effects than normal operation method.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1729-1733, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272531

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the adipogenesis and the adipocyte function between 3T3-L1 cells and human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>By density gradient centrifugation and adherent culture, the MSCs were isolated from human bone marrow and purified. The cell morphology was observed under an inverted microscope. After the induction of adipogenic differentiation, the differentiation level was detected by oil red O staining and OD values. The expression of PPARγ, FABP4 and C/EBPα mRNA was detected by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Adipocytes and THP-1 cells were co-cultured by adding 1 µg/ml cytarabine. The ability of chemotherapy resistance was measured after 48 h.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The Oil Red O staining and measuring the absorbance showed that the lipid content in 3T3-L1 cells group was more than that in MSCs group, and the OD value was higher than that in MSCs group (P < 0.05). The results of qRT-PCR showed that the relative expression of PPARγ, FABP4 and C/EBPα mRNA of 3T3-L1-derived adipocytes was higher than that of human bone marrow MSCs-derived adipocytes (P < 0.05). Coculture experiments showed that the number of viable THP-1 cells in the group containing adipocytes was more than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The difference between 3T3-L1 cell group and MSC group was statistically significant (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The ability of adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells is higher than that of human bone marrow MSCs in vitro. Adipocytes can protect THP-1 cell line against cytarabine, and the effect of adipocytes from 3T3-L1 cell group is greater than that from the human bone marrow MSC group.</p>


Subject(s)
3T3-L1 Cells , Adipocytes , Adipogenesis , Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-alpha , Cell Differentiation , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , PPAR gamma , RNA, Messenger
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259588

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of metformin on 3T3-L1 preadipocyte's differentiation and consequently observe the anti-proliferative effects of metformin-treated adipocytes on leukemia cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Different concentrations of metformin were added in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes to induce maturation, the matured adipocytes were detected by oil red O staining and quantified by absorbance value (OD). Real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression level of the key adipogenic genes PPARγ, C/EBPα and FABP4(ap2). The adipocytes were co-cultured with GFP+-THP-1 cells, 1 µg/ml of cytarabine(Ara-C) was added and incubated for 48 hours, the flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rate of GFP+-THP-1 cells. Adipocyte supernatant was collected and mixed with equal volume of tumor lysat medium (RPMI 1640) at 1:1 to culture tumor cells. The leukemia cell proliferation activity was detected by CCK-8; after 48 hours of adding 1 µg/ml Ara-C, the protective effect on chemotherapy was assayed by using cytometer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The metformin lowered the OD value, and the expression levels of both adipogenic genes C/EBPα and FABP4 were lower than those of controls, while the expression level of PPARγ mRNA was not significantly changed, the apoptosis rate of leukemia cells co-caltured with metformin-treated adipocytes was higher than that of co-cultured cells without metformin treatment. The adipocytes promoted the leukimia cell proliferation and protected leukemia cells from chemotherapy, which could be abrogated by metformin.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The metformin can inhibit the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes into adipocytes, and can regulate the protective effect of adipocytes on the apoptosis, proliferation and chemotherapy of leukemia cells.</p>


Subject(s)
3T3-L1 Cells , Adipocytes , Adipogenesis , Animals , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-alpha , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cytarabine , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins , Humans , Leukemia , Metformin , Mice , PPAR gamma , RNA, Messenger
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1415-1421, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340487

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of high mobility group box1(HMGB1) and/or stromal cell derived factor-1(SDF-1) on the migration of cord blood CD34⁺ cells, and to explore whether HMGB1 promotes cord blood CD34⁺ cell migration via SDF-1/CXCR4 axis. Cord blood mononuclear cells were isolated by Ficoll-Paque density centrifugation, CD34⁺ cells were collected by a positive immunoselection procedure (CD34 MicroBeads) according to the manufacturer's instructions, the purity of the isolated CD34⁺ cells was detected by flow cytometry. In vitro chemotaxis assays were performed using Transwell cell chambers to detect cells migration. 1 × 10⁵ cells/well cord blood CD34⁺ cells were added into the upper chambers. Different concentrations of HMGB1 and/or SDF-1 (0, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200 ng/ml) were used to detect the optimal concentrations of HMGB1 and/or SDF-1 for inducing migration of cord blood CD34⁺ cells. Freshly isolated cord blood CD34⁺ cells express CXCR4 (SDF-1 receptor), and HMGB1 receptor TLR-2,TLR-4 and RAGE. To explore which receptors were required for the synergy of HGMB1 and/or SDF-1 on cells migration, the anti-SDF-1, anti-CXCR4 and anti-RAGE antibodies were used to detect the effect of HGMB1 alone or with SDF-1 on cord blood CD34⁺ cells migration. The results showed that the purity of CD34⁺ cells isolated from cord blood mononuclear cells by magnetic cell sorting was 97.40 ± 1.26%, the 25 ng/ml SDF-1 did not induce migration of cord blood CD34⁺ cells, whereas the optimal migration was observed at 100 ng/ml. HMGB1 alone did not induce migration up to 100 ng/ml. The dose test found that the the best synergistic concentrations for cells migration were 100 ng/ml HMGB1 combined with 50 ng/ml SDF-1. The blocking test showed that both the anti-SDF-1 (4 µg/ml) and anti-CXCR4 (5 µg/ml) antibodies could block cell migration induced by HMGB1 or combined with SDF-1, but the cord blood CD34⁺ cells in the presence of anti-RAGE, anti-TLR-2 and anti-TLR-4 antibodies did not modify the response to SDF-1 in the presence of HMGB1. It is concluded that both HMGB1 and SDF-1 can induce cord blood CD34⁺ cells migration, HMGB1 enhances SDF-1-induced migration exclusively via CXCR4 and in a RAGE and TLR receptors-independent manner, the exact mechanism needs to be further explored.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Cell Movement , Chemokine CXCL12 , Metabolism , Fetal Blood , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Flow Cytometry , HMGB1 Protein , Metabolism , Humans , Receptors, CXCR4 , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264961

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the immunophenotyping characteristics of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and their correlation with the curative efficacy. The bone marrow or blood samples were collected from 516 patients with newly diagnosed AML, and their immunophenotypes were analyzed by flow cytometry. The results showed that (1) In 516 cases, the ratios of myeloid antigen expression were higher, as follows: MPO 95.0%, CD33 93.0%, CD13 88.8%, CD117 69.4%; and the expressions of CD14, CD15, CD64 and CD71 were lower, meanwhile 145 cases were accompanied with lymphocyte antigen expression, the ratios were as follows: CD7 21.5%, CD19 6.0%, CD2 0.78%, CD10 0.58% and CD20 0.58%; the positive expression rate of CD71 in M6 was 100%, and that of CD64 in M5 was the highest (30.2%); the overall positive rate of CD34 was 57.8%. (2) After first chemotherapy, the complete remission (CR) rate was 64.7%, CR rate of CD34(+) patients was lower than that of CD34(-) in M3 group (P = 0.019). The CR rate of CD34(+) patients was significantly lower than that of CD34(-) in non-M3 group (P = 0.002). The CR rate of CD19(+) patients was higher than CD19(-) (P = 0.028); the CR rate of CD7(+) patients was significantly lower than that of CD7(-) (P = 0.002); the CR rate of CD71(+) patients was lower than that of CD71(-) (P = 0.013); the CR rate of MPO(+) patients was higher than that of MPO(-) (P = 0.015). Between the CR rate of CD11b, CD13, CD33-positive and-negative group, the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). It is concluded that the phenotype is a prerequisite for the diagnosis of AML, and can help to guide the clinical typing, selection of treatment protocols and evaluation of prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antigens, CD , Genetics , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL