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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 578-585, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982636

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between early-stage blood pressure indexes and prognosis in sepsis patients.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on the medical records of patients diagnosed with sepsis from 2001 to 2012 in the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care-III (MIMIC-III) database. Patients were divided into survival group and death group according to the 28-day prognosis. General data of patients and heart rate (HR) and blood pressure at admission to ICU and within 24 hours after admission were collected. The blood pressure indexes including the maximum, median and mean value of systolic index, diastolic index and mean arterial pressure (MAP) index were calculated. The data were randomly divided into training set and validation set (4 : 1). Univariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen covariates, and multivariate Logistic stepwise regression models were further developed. Model 1 (including HR, blood pressure, and blood pressure index related variables with P < 0.1 and other variables with P < 0.05) and Model 2 (including HR, blood pressure, and blood pressure index related variables with P < 0.1) were developed respectively. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve), precision recall curve (PRC) and decision curve analysis (DCA) curve were used to evaluate the quality of the two models, and the influencing factors of the prognosis of sepsis patients were analyzed. Finally, nomogram model was developed according to the better model and effectiveness of it was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11 559 sepsis patients were included in the study, with 10 012 patients in the survival group and 1 547 patients in the death group. There were significant differences in age, survival time, Elixhauser comorbidity score and other 46 variables between the two groups (all P < 0.05). Thirty-seven variables were preliminarily screened by univariate Logistic regression analysis. After multivariate Logistic stepwise regression model screening, among the indicators related to HR, blood pressure and blood pressure index, the HR at admission to ICU [odds ratio (OR) = 0.992, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.988-0.997] and the maximum HR (OR = 1.006, 95%CI was 1.001-1.011), maximum MAP index (OR = 1.620, 95%CI was 1.244-2.126), mean diastolic index (OR = 0.283, 95%CI was 0.091-0.856), median systolic index (OR = 2.149, 95%CI was 0.805-4.461), median diastolic index (OR = 3.986, 95%CI was 1.376-11.758) were selected (all P < 0.1). There were 14 other variables with P < 0.05, including age, Elixhauser comorbidity score, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), use of ventilator, sedation and analgesia, norepinephrine, norepinephrine, highest serum creatinine (SCr), maximum blood urea nitrogen (BUN), highest prothrombin time (PT), highest activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), lowest platelet count (PLT), highest white blood cell count (WBC), minimum hemoglobin (Hb). The ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of Model 1 and Model 2 were 0.769 and 0.637, respectively, indicating that model 1 had higher prediction accuracy. The PRC curve showed that the AUC of Model 1 and Model 2 were 0.381 and 0.240, respectively, indicating that Model 1 had a better effect. The DCA curve showed that when the threshold was 0-0.8 (the probability of death was 0-80%), the net benefit rate of Model 1 was higher than that of Model 2. The calibration curve showed that the prediction effect of the nomogram model developed according to Model 1 was in good agreement with the actual outcome. The Bootstrap verification results showed that the nomogram model was consistent with the above results and had good prediction effects.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The nomogram model constructed has good prediction effects on the 28-day prognosis in sepsis patients, and the blood pressure indexes are important predictors in the model.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cohort Studies , Retrospective Studies , Blood Pressure , Intensive Care Units , ROC Curve , Sepsis/diagnosis , Prognosis , Critical Care , Norepinephrine
2.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 852-856, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009440

ABSTRACT

CD226 is an activated receptor on the surface of natural killer (NK) cells. It competes with TIGIT and CD96 to bind to ligands such as CD155 on the surface of tumor cells and mediates the killing function of NK cells. Although TIGIT and CD96 have other binding ligands in the tumor microenvironment, they compete to bind CD115 ligands with higher affinity and inhibit the activity of NK cells, which allows tumor cells to evade killing. Therefore, studying the expression patterns of these three NK cell surface receptors in different tumors and monitoring their binding ability with ligands will help us to explore new tumor treatment strategies. This article reviews the role and mechanism of CD226, TIGIT, CD96 and other NK cell receptor molecules in regulating NK cell function in anti-tumor immune response.


Subject(s)
Ligands , Receptors, Immunologic , Receptors, Natural Killer Cell , Killer Cells, Natural , Antigens, CD
3.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 135-143, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016118

ABSTRACT

Background: Dysregulation of intestinal flora is a key risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC). In recent years, traditional Chinese medicine preparations and probiotics have been increasingly applied in the prevention of CRC. Aims: To investigate the preventive effect of Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) combined with Bacillus subtilis on CRC. Methods: Thirty female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into normal control group (NC group), model group, PNS group, Bacillus subtilis group and PNS combined with Bacillus subtilis group (PaB group). CRC mice model was constructed by azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) method. During the experiment, the mice were weighed, and disease activity index (DAI) score was evaluated. The length of colorectum and tumor number were measured. Serum interleukin (IL) - 6 and IL - 10 contents were determined by ELISA. 16S rRNA sequencing was used to analyze the composition of intestinal flora. Results: Compared with model group, DAI score was significantly decreased (P<0.001), colorectal length was significantly increased (P<0.001), number of tumor was significantly decreased (P<0.001), tumor volume was significantly decreased (P<0.01), serum IL-6 content was significantly decreased (P<0.000 1), and serum IL-10 content was significantly increased in PaB group (P<0.000 1). The results of intestinal flora sequencing showed that Simpson index was significantly decreased in PaB group than in model group (P<0.05), Shannon index and Chao index were significantly increased (P<0.05), abundance of Bacteroidota was significantly increased (P<0.01), abundances of Firmicutes, Helicobacter and Oscillibacter were significantly decreased (P all <0.05), abundance of Lactococcus was significantly increased (P<0.05). Conclusions: The combination of PNS and Bacillus subtilis can effectively alleviate the occurrence of CRC caused by AOM/DSS, and its mechanism may be related to the improvement of composition of intestinal microbial community.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 788-791, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886499

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the effectiveness of in vitro fenestration versus bypass surgery techniques in the treatment of type B aortic dissection involving the left subclavian artery by thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Methods    Among the 53 patients with type B aortic dissection involving the left subclavian artery admitted to our center from January 2017 to October 2020, 23 underwent in vitro fenestration + TEVAR (a fenestration group with 18 males and 5 females aged 53.6±5.3 years), and 30 patients underwent left common carotid artery-left subclavian artery bypass + TEVAR (a bypass group with 24 males and 6 females aged 51.8±3.8 years). The effectiveness and safety between the two groups were compared. Results    The surgical success rate was 100.0% in both groups. And there was no death within postoperative 30 days and during the follow-up. There was no endoleak immediately postoperatively and during 1-year follow-up in the two groups. The operation time and hospitalization expenses in the fenestration group was less or shorter than those in the bypass group (P<0.05). The reduction in blood pressure of the left upper limb in the fenestration group was greater than that in the bypass group (P<0.05). There was no symptom of left upper limb ischemia, dizziness or hoarseness in both groups. Conclusion    The two methods of reconstruction of the left subclavian artery are safe and effective. In vitro fenestration can reduce surgical trauma and costs, and bypass surgery can provide better forward blood flow for the left subclavian artery.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 98-101, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884507

ABSTRACT

Head and neck cancer presents with complex anatomy and high intratumoralheterogeneity. Radiotherapy is one of the main treatments. The therapeutic strategy and prognostic evaluation in head and neck cancer patients traditionally depend on TNM stage, lacking of individual information. Radiomics can extracts high-throughput image features relevant to the biology of tumors, which provides a non-invasive and quantitative method to evaluate the overall tumor heterogeneity and also offers a novel perspective for precision radiotherapy. The research progresses on the application and chanllenges of radiomics in the radiotherapy for head and neck cancer were summarized in this review.

6.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 402-407,432, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006717

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the effect of Arntl on T cell development and T cell-mediated anti-viral immunity. 【Methods】 ArntlF/FCD4cre+(KO) in mice was constructed to delete Arntl gene specifically in T cells. We examined the percentage and number of T cell subsets in the thymus and spleen by flow cytometry (FCM). At day 8 after lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection, the proportions of T cell subsets, virus-specific CD8+ T cells and IFN-γ secreting T cells were analyzed. The viral load in the spleen was measured using qPCR. Naive CD4+ T cells (CD4+CD25-CD44-CD62L+) were sorted by flow cytometry to perform T helper cell differentiation in vitro. 【Results】 The percentage and number of T cells in the thymus and spleen of KO mice showed no significant change compared with those in the control group (ArntlF/FCD4cre- mice, WT) (P>0.05). Acute LCMV infection did not cause observable changes in effector T cell proportion in the spleen of KO mice compared to that in WT mice (P>0.05), but KO mice showed a higher proportion of IFN-γ secreting T cells (P<0.05) and better virus clearance (P<0.05). In addition, naive CD4+ T cells from KO mice were more prone to differentiate into Th1 cells in vitro (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Arntl deletion in T cells does not affect T cell development, but enhances their ability to defend against viral infection by promoting Th1 cell differentiation and response.

7.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 397-401, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871636

ABSTRACT

Objective:Since December 2019, novel coronavirus infection has occurred in Hubei province and spread throughout the country quickly. This new crown viral pneumonia was named as coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) by WHO. However, at present, there is a high incidence of acute aortic dissection in winter and spring. How to prevent the spread of the epidemic and choose the appropriate treatment is an important topic for the patients with acute aortic dissection.Methods:From January 16, 2020 to February 26, 2020, a total of 37 of acute aortic dissection operations were carried out in several cardiovascular surgery centers in Hubei Province. There were 18 cases of Stanford type A aortic dissection and 19 cases of Stanford type B aortic dissection. There were 10 cases (55.55%) with ascending aorta replacement and 7 cases (38.89%) with Bentall procedure for aortic root surgery, and total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation were performed in 14 cases (77.8%). In 19 patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection, thoracic endovascular aortic repair was performed, with the left subclavian artery chimney technique in 2 cases.Results:No deaths occurred within 30 days of hospitalization. Preoperative nucleic acid testing excluded 7 cases of novel coronavirus infection, and 3 suspected cases underwent emergency surgery. the three-level protective standard was adopted in the majority of the surgeries(62.2%, 23/37), and 11 patients were negative in the reexamination of viral nucleic acid after the operation.Conclusion:During the epidemic period, patients with acute aortic dissection should be carefully identified with actife COVID-19 before surgery. The treatment principles-" prevention and control of pneumonia epidemic should be emphasized, conservative medical management should be taken in the comfirmed cases, the selective operation should be delayed as far as possible, and the operation should be reasonable performed in critical cases" should be followed, which can save patients' lives to the greatest extent and prevent the spread of the virus.

8.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 200-204, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755921

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the computed tomographic (CT) manifestations of pulmonary aspergillosis after organ transplantation and compare different signs between pulmonary aspergillosis and bacterial pneumonia.Methods CT images of pulmonary aspergillosis (n =62) and bacterial pneumonia (n =68) in post-transplantation patients were reviewed.The signs were categorized with consolidation,mass,large nodule (≥1crn),small nodule and bud-in-tree pattern.Some detailed useful differentiating signs such as halo sign,air bronchogram sign,reversed halo sign,hypodensity sign and cavitation were also analyzed.Results CT patterns of pulmonary aspergillosis included consolidation,mass,large nodule,small nodule and bud-in-tree pattern.The most common was large nodule (75.8%),followed by consolidation (48.4%)and mass (29.0%).And small nodule (16.1 %) and bud-in-tree (12.9%) patterns were concurrent.For consolidation pattern,the proportion of bacterial pneumonia (69.1%) was the larger;For mass pattern,the proportion of pulmonary aspergillosis (29.0%) was the larger.For large nodule pattern,there was no difference.The detail sign of large nodule in two groups had no difference In detailed signs of consolidation pattern,air bronchogram sign was more often seen in bacterial pneumonia while cavitation was more frequently found in pulmonary aspergillosis.In detailed signs of mass pattern,pulmonary aspergillosis often has single lesion (66.7%),cavitation (83.3%)and air crescent sign (77.8%) is more common.The proportion of halo sign was 30.7%.Conclusions CT manifestations of pulmonary aspergillosis are diverse after organ transplantation.There is some difference and yet overlap with bacterial pneumonia.

9.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 402-404, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705544

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Erfukang oral liquid on microcirculation disturbance in mice with acute blood stasis caused by adrenaline. Methods:The mice were randomly divided into the blank group,Naodesheng group(1.35 g·kg-1),Erfukang oral liquid group respectively at high(30 ml·kg-1),medium(15 ml·kg-1) and low(7.5 ml·kg-1) dose,and a microcirculation apparatus was used to observe the number of capillary opening in the normal mice at one hour after the administration. The microcircu-lation disturbance of auricle was induced by the injection of epinephrine into caudal vein. The number of capillary opening and blood flow in 2 min in the mice were observed. Results:Compared with the blank group,Ergukang oral liquid at high,medium and low dose showed effect on the number of opening capillaries without statistical significance (P>0.05);compared with the model group, Erfu-kang oral liquid at high and medium dose could significantly improve the microcirculation induced by epinephrine (P<0.05 or P<0.01),and significantly confront the decreased number of capillary network opening induced by adrenaline(P<0.05). Conclusion:Erfukang oral liquid can improve microcirculation disturbance.

10.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 343-348, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806694

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To build risk prediction models for acute kidney injury (AKI) in severely burned patients, and to compare the prediction performance of machine learning method and logistic regression model.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 157 severely burned patients in August 2nd Kunshan factory aluminum dust explosion accident conforming to the inclusion criteria were collected. Patients suffering AKI within 90 days after admission were enrolled in group AKI, while the others were enrolled in non-AKI group. Single factor analysis was used to choose independent factors associated with AKI, including sex, age, admission time, features of basic injuries, initial score on admission, treatment condition, and mortality on post injury days 30, 60, and 90. Data were processed with Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and Fisher′s exact test. Variables with P<0.1 in single factor analysis and those with possible clinical significance were brought into the establishment of prediction model. Logistic regression and XGBoost machine learning algorithm were used to build the prediction model of AKI. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was calculated, and the sensitivity and specificity for optimal threshold value were also calculated for each model. Nonparametric resampling test was used to compare the significance of difference of AUC of the two models.@*Results@#(1) Eighty-nine (56.7%) patients developed AKI within 90 days from admission. Compared with 68 patients in non-AKI group, 89 patients in group AKI were older (Z=-2.203, P<0.05), with larger total burn area and full-thickness burn area (Z=-5.200, -6.297, P<0.01), worse acute physical and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) Ⅱ score, abbreviated burn severity index score, and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score on admission (Z=-7.485, -4.739, -4.590, P<0.01), higher occurrence rate of sepsis (χ2=33.087, P<0.01), higher rates of accepting tracheotomy, mechanical ventilation, and continuous renal replacement therapy (χ2=12.373, 17.201, 43.763, P<0.01), larger first excision area (Z=-2.191, P<0.05), and higher mortality on post injury days 30, 60, and 90 (χ2=7.483, 37.259, 45.533, P<0.01). There were no statistically significant differences in sex, open decompression, admission time, 24-hour fluid volume after admission, 48-hour fluid volume after admission, the first 24-hour urine volume, the second 24 hour urine volume, the first excision time, and inhalation injury (χ2=0.529, 3.318, Z=-1.746, -0.016, -1.199, -1.824, -0.625, -1.747, P>0.05). The rates of deep vein catheterization of patients in the two groups were both 100%. (2) There were twenty possible prediction variables for preliminary establishment of model according to the difference results of single factor analysis and clinical significance of variables. (3) The logistic regression prediction model had three variables: APACHE Ⅱ score [odds ratio (OR)=1.36, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.20-1.53, P<0.001], sepsis (OR=2.63, 95% CI=0.90-7.66, P>0.05), and the first 24-hour urine volume (OR=0.71, 95% CI=0.50-1.01, P>0.05). The AUC of the logistic regression prediction model was 0.875 (95% CI=0.821-0.930), with the specificity and sensitivity of optimal threshold value 84.4% and 77.7%, respectively. (4) XGBoost machine learning model had seven main predictive variables: APACHE Ⅱ score, full-thickness burn area, 24-hour fluid volume after admission, sepsis, the first 24-hour urine volume, SOFA score, and 48-hour fluid volume after admission. The AUC of machine learning model was 0.920 (95% CI=0.879-0.962), higher than that of logistic regression model (P<0.001), with the specificity and sensitivity of optimal threshold value 89.7% and 82.0%, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Sepsis and fluid resuscitation are two important predictive variables that can be intervened for AKI in severely burned patients. Machine learning method has a better performance and can provide more accurate prediction for individuals than logistic regression prediction model, and therefore has good clinical application prospect.

11.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 246-248, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806371

ABSTRACT

Artificial intelligence has been able to automatically learn and judge large-scale data to some extent. Based on database of a large amount of burn data and in-depth learning, artificial intelligence can assist burn surgeons to evaluate burn surface, diagnose burn depth, guide fluid supply during shock stage, and predict prognosis, with high accuracy. With the development of technology, artificial intelligence can provide more accurate information for burn surgeons to make clinical diagnosis and treatment strategies.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 621-625, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709321

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinico-pathological features of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN ) and the expression of phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R ) in elderly patients. Methods A total of 109 elderly patients with IMN confirmed by renal biopsy at Wuxi People's Hospital from July 2008 to February 2015 were included.Data were retrospectively collected. Results (1)Participating patients with IMN had a mean age of (67.3 ± 5.4)years ,and 67.9% of them had hypertension and 65.1% had nephrotic syndrome.Compared with non-elderly patients ,elderly patients had a higher proportion with hypertension (67.9% vs.25.2%)(P=0.000) ,higher systolic pressure[(143.1 ± 15.2)mmHg vs. (127.3 ± 13.3)mmHg](P= 0.000) ,higher diastolic pressure [(88.4 ± 10.0)mmHg vs. (80.2 ± 8.4)mmHg](P= 0.000) ,more severe tubulointerstitial lesions [(3.1±1.9)points vs.(2.0±1.9)points](P=0.000),and lower eGFR[(70.9±22.9)ml·min-1· 1.73 m -2vs. (90.6 ± 27.1 ) ml·min-1·1.73 m -2] ( P = 0.000 ). (2 ) There were more severe tubulointerstitial lesions[(4.7 ± 1.8)points vs. (2.4 ± 1.7)points ,2.9 ± 1.6 points](P = 0.000 , 0.000)and lower eGFR[(50.4 ± 17.4)ml·min-1·1.73 m -2vs. (80.3 ± 19.7)ml·min-1·1.73 m -2, (72.3 ± 21.4)ml·min-1·1.73 m -2](P=0.000 ,0.000)in elderly patients of pathological stage Ⅱ, compared with patients of pathological stages Ⅰ and Ⅰ-Ⅱ. (3)The rate of positive PLA2R was 82.4%.Patients with positive PLA2R had higher proteinuria[(4.5 ± 2.3)g vs. (2.9 ± 1.1)g](P=0.042) ,lower eGFR[(66.8 ± 21.8)ml·min-1·1.73 m -2vs. (97.7 ± 16.0)ml·min-1·1.73 m -2](P=0.000) ,and more severe tubulointerstitial lesions [(3.1 ± 2.0)points vs. (1.7 ± 1.1)points](P=0.037)than patients with negative PLA2R. (4)Multiple regression analysis showed that PLA2R positive rate(P=0.008) ,tubulointerstitial lesion(P=0.000) ,and level of cholesterol(P=0.025)were negatively correlated with eGFR (R2=0.572). Conclusions Compared with non-elderly patients , elderly patients with IMN have poorer prognosis as a result of higher blood pressure and more severe tubulointerstitial lesions.Elderly patients with IMN of advanced pathological stages and positive PLA2R have more severe kidney injury and tubulointerstitial lesions ,resulting in poor prognosis.

13.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2520-2524, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611900

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the features and correlation analysis of clinico-pathological and expression of phospholipase A2 receptor(PLA2R)in idiopathic membranous nephropathy. Methods A number of 244 patients of IMN proved by renal biopsy were recruited in Wuxi People's Hospital from July 2008 to February 2015. Data were restrospectively collected. Results In the 244 IMN patients(mean age 54.07 ± 15.22 years,130 males and 114 females),44.3% had hypertension and 62.7% had nephrotic syndrome. Compared with female patients ,male patients had more severe proteinuria and lower eGFR(P 8 g/24 h had higher level of cholesterol and blood pressure ,lower eGFR and more severe tubulointerstitial lesions(P < 0.05). Pathological stage Ⅰ and Ⅱaccounted for 98%,and there were more severe tubulointerstitial lesions and lower eGFR in the patients of stage Ⅱthan that in the patients of stageⅠandⅠ~Ⅱ(P<0.05). The positive rate of PLA2R accounted for 84.3%. Lower eGFR and more severe tubulointerstitial lesions were found in PLA2R-positive patients than those in PLA2R-neg-ative patients(P < 0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that tubulointerstitial lesions(B =-7.253),hyper-tension ratio(B=-10.726)and the level of cholesterol(B=-2.077)had negative correlations with eGFR(P<0.01, R2=0.470). Conclusions IMN patients of male gender,grave proteinuria,high pathological stage and positive PLA2R should be treated more actively , since severe tubulointerstitial lesions and kidney injury were more common in those patients.

14.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 26-29, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507162

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of urine liver?type fatty acid?binding proteins(L?FABP) for early diagnosis and progress predicting of acute kidney injury(AKI)after lung transplantation. Methods Urine L?FABP and Scr blood samples in perioperative periods of 119 lung transplant recipients (hospitalized between 2013?2014)were involved in the research. Patients were divided into AKI group and non?AKI group according to KDIGO. Changes in urine L?FABP and Scr of two groups at various time points were recorded. Results Of 119 patients,57 developed AKI after surgery. Urine L?FABP from 0 h to 48 h in the two groups increased significantly, and the difference at 6 h to 48 h between the two groups is significant. In terms of diagnostic value,ROC area of urine L?FABP at 6h is 0.818. When 2254.52 ng/mg Cr was taken as diagnostic dividing line ,sensitivity and specificity was 0.782 and 0.814. In predicting AKI progression ,AUC below AUC of urine L?FABP 0.852. When 4313.17 ng/mgCr was taken as diagnostic dividing line ,sensitivity and specificity was 0.867 and 0.700. Conclusion Urinary L?FABP appears to be a sensitive and specific marker of AKI in lung transplant recipients ,could be a biological marker in the early diagnosis and progression tendency of AKI.

15.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1409-1413, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506453

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the regulation of estrogen receptor α (ERα) on truncated neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R-Tr), and the influence of this regulation on cell proliferation in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cell lines. Methods The chromatin immune coprecipitation (CHIP) was used to observe the transcriptional regulation function of ERαon NK1R-Tr in breast cancer cells. Luciferase reporter gene assay was used to verify whether ERα played a positive regulatory role in the expression of NK1R-Tr. Western blot assay and real-time-PCR were used to detect the expression of ERα and NK1R-Tr in breast cancer cells, MCF-7 and T47D, as well as the expression of NK1R-Tr protein and mRNA level. NK1R-Tr levels were also detected after using estradiol (E2, ERα agonist) and small interfering RNA (knock out ERα). CCK-8 and clone formation experimen were used to detect the proliferation ability of breast cancer cells after knocking out NK1R-Tr with small interfering RNAs. Results CHIP test and Luciferase reporter gene assay proved that ERα can positively regulate the expression of NK1R-Tr via the ERα sequences in the upstream of the NK1R-Tr gene promoter. The expression of NK1R-Tr at both protein level and mRNA level dropped in the estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cell line MCF-7 upon knocking out ERα. After knocking out NK1R-Tr, the proliferation ability of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cells was lower than that of the control group. Conclusion The ERα positively regulates the expression of NK1R-Tr, resulting in the increased cell proliferation in estrogen positive breast cancer cells.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 1167-1173, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484001

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the expression of the full-length (NK1R-FL) and truncated (NK1R-Tr) neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R) and the neurokinin-2 receptor (NK2R) in breast cancer tissues and cell lines, as well as to study the effects of the NK1R and NK2R antagonists on the growth of breast cancer cells. Methods:Immunohistochemistry and Western blot assays were used to detect NK1R, NK1R-FL, and NK2R expression in clinical samples of primary breast cancer tissue, benign lesions, and normal breast tissue, as well as in different breast cancer cell lines. Cell proliferation and soft agar growth tests were performed on cells treated with the NK1R and NK2R antagonists to study the ectopic overexpression of NK1R-FL and NK1R-Tr in breast cancer cell lines. Results:Total NK1R expression was detected in the breast cancer tissues, benign lesions, and normal breast tissues. Compared with the normal breast epithe-lia and benign breast lesions, the expression levels of NK1R-FL and NK2R decreased in the carcinoma. These changes were also relat-ed to the carcinoma type, histological grade, lymph node metastasis, HER2 and Ki-67 expression, and estrogen and progesterone recep-tors in breast cancer. The expression levels of NK1R-FL and NK2R were high in the HBL-100 breast cell lines of para-neoplastic tis-sues, but NK1R-Tr expression was low. The MDA-MB-231, T-47D, and MCF-7 cells only expressed NK1R-Tr. NK1R-Tr or NK1R-FL overexpression caused the decreased inhibition rate or increased levels of the NK1R and NK2R antagonists in the breast cancer cells. Conclusion:NK1R-FL and NK2R are co-expressed in normal cells. NK1R-Tr is highly expressed in breast cancer cells and exerts nega-tive feedback to regulate NK1R-FL and NK2R expression in all cells, especially cancer cells.

17.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 56-58, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482350

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze effect of oxycodone hydrochloride injection preemptive analgesia on serum cellular immune factors and analgesic effect in postoperative patients with humeral fracture surgery.Methods 52 patients treated by surgical treatment of humeral fractures in our hospital were collected.All patients were randomly divided into experimental group and control group,26 cases in each group.Preemptive analgesia drugs were given corresponding, before and 24h after surgery, the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), venous blood CD4 +T, CD8 +T cells and CD4 +/CD8 + T levels and analgesic effect were detected in all patients.Results After surgery, compared with control group, the serum levels of TNF-αand IL-6 were lower in experimental group (P<0.05); the venous blood CD4 +T cell and CD4 +/CD8 + T levels were higher(P<0.05), CD8 +T cell level was lower in experimental group (P<0.05);the visual analogue scale(VAS) score was significantly lower in 2,4,6,12 and 24h after surgery in experimental group (P<0.05).Conclusions The oxycodone hydrochloride injection preemptive analgesia can significantly inhibit the increase of the serum TNF-αand IL-6 levels, prevent the decrease of immune function, improve the analgesic effect.

18.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 113-115,120, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601841

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the consistency of knee articular cartilage defect area by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)and arthroscopy.Methods Thirty-six patients (36 knees)with knee cartilage lesions were collected in our study.The defect area meas-urement of knee articular cartilage by MRI and arthroscopy was compared.Results A total of 92 lesions were detected by both MRI and arthroscopy with an average of 2.6 defects per knee.Preoperative MRI resultes demonstrated the mean defect area per knee was (1.9±1.5)cm2 ,while arthroscopic measurement after debridement indicated the mean defect area per knee was (2.9±2.6)cm2 , which had significant difference(P <0.001).The area measured by MRI was less than that by arthroscopy,and the mean difference was (1.7 ± 1.1)cm2 .The mean area measured by MRI was 70.1% of that by arthroscopy.Conclusion Arthroscopy and MR have good consistency in the number of articular cartilage defect lesions .MRI can reflect the knee articular cartilage defect area directly or indirectly,and be capable of accurate positioning and qualitative diagnosis.

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Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6): 241-244, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460811

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of different ultrasonic retroprep tips on the root-end preparation in cadavers.Methods:34 anterior teeth in situ in maxillary and mandibular jaws in cadavers were chosen and the root-end of 3 mm of all teeth was exposed. Root canal was prepared and filled with gutta-purcha in all teeth,3 mm of the root end was cut off.The teeth were divided into 2 treat-ment groups(n=1 5),and 1 control group(n=4).The root-end preparation was made using ultrasonic diamond tip and stainless steel tip respectively to 3 mm depth.The teeth in control group were not treated.Microcracks,marginal integrity and gutta-percha clearance were observated under SEM.Results:Diamond ultrasonic tips provoked a smaller number of cracks(P=0.059)and destroy of margin-al integrity(P=0.269)than stainless steel tips.Less gutta-percha clearance was produced by stainless steel tip than that by diamond ultrasonic tip(P=0.006).Conclusion:Diamond ultrasonic tip is more suitable for root-end preparation.

20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 658-661, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336701

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To raise the awareness of adenosquamous carcinoma of pancreas and discuss the treatment of it.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 80 cases of pancreas adenosquamous carcinoma patients in the Department of Pancreas Surgery of Changhai Hospital of Second Military Medical University from December 2003 to October 2011 were analyzed. The diagnose and treatment methods were discussed. There were 61 male cases and 19 female cases who aged from 28 to 81 years, with an average age of 60 years. The primary symptoms included 46 cases (57.5%) of abdominal malaise, 6 cases (7.5%) of low back pain, 4 cases (5.0%) of abdominal swelling pain with low back pain, 15 cases (18.8%) of abdominal swelling pain with jaundice, 5 cases (6.3%) of painless jaundice, 3 cases (3.8%) of significantly decreased body-weight and 1 case (1.3%) of no symptom. All the patients had been identified as pancreas tumor suffers by ultrasound, enhanced CT scan or MRI. Totally there were 43 cases of head/unciform process tumors, 15 cases of pancreas body tumors and 22 pancreas tail cases.Health situation of all cases were follow-up observed in the outpatient department or telephoned every 3 months till 24 months after the surgery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 80 patients, 19 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) , 19 patients received pylorus-preserving PD, with 4 cases of palliative resection and 1 case of total pancreatectomy. The volume of bleeding during the surgery varied from 50 to 3 500 ml with a blood transfusion volume varied from 0 to 4 000 ml. Consumed time for PD procedures was 90 to 260 min with 60 to 150 min for body and (or) tail resection with or without lienectomy. The mean diameter of tumor was (4.9 ± 2.2) cm. Pathological tests showed 35 cases of positive lymph nodes, adjacent organ invasion happened in 35 patients, however, nerve invasion were found in 68 cases.Eighteen cases occurred postoperative complications, including bleeding, pancreatic fistula, gastric emptying, incision fat liquefaction and infection, pleural effusion, ascites and nervous diarrhea. There were only 48 effective follow-up patients, with a loss ratio of follow-up by 40.0%, reasons for the loss includes change of contact information, refuse or unable to provide useful information by the relatives of the patients.Sixteen patients received chemotherapy, and 8 patients received radiotherapy after operation. All patients were dead in the effective follow-ups. The postoperative median survival time was 6 months (0.1 to 23.0 months).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Adenosquamous carcinoma of pancreas is a rare kind of malignant tumor, nerve invasion can be found in almost all the cases. Patients with adenosquamous carcinoma of pancreas have an unfavorable prognosis. The principle treatments are surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Carcinoma, Adenosquamous , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Pancreas , Pathology , Pancreatectomy , Methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Mortality , Prognosis
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