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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886499

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the effectiveness of in vitro fenestration versus bypass surgery techniques in the treatment of type B aortic dissection involving the left subclavian artery by thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Methods    Among the 53 patients with type B aortic dissection involving the left subclavian artery admitted to our center from January 2017 to October 2020, 23 underwent in vitro fenestration + TEVAR (a fenestration group with 18 males and 5 females aged 53.6±5.3 years), and 30 patients underwent left common carotid artery-left subclavian artery bypass + TEVAR (a bypass group with 24 males and 6 females aged 51.8±3.8 years). The effectiveness and safety between the two groups were compared. Results    The surgical success rate was 100.0% in both groups. And there was no death within postoperative 30 days and during the follow-up. There was no endoleak immediately postoperatively and during 1-year follow-up in the two groups. The operation time and hospitalization expenses in the fenestration group was less or shorter than those in the bypass group (P<0.05). The reduction in blood pressure of the left upper limb in the fenestration group was greater than that in the bypass group (P<0.05). There was no symptom of left upper limb ischemia, dizziness or hoarseness in both groups. Conclusion    The two methods of reconstruction of the left subclavian artery are safe and effective. In vitro fenestration can reduce surgical trauma and costs, and bypass surgery can provide better forward blood flow for the left subclavian artery.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884507

ABSTRACT

Head and neck cancer presents with complex anatomy and high intratumoralheterogeneity. Radiotherapy is one of the main treatments. The therapeutic strategy and prognostic evaluation in head and neck cancer patients traditionally depend on TNM stage, lacking of individual information. Radiomics can extracts high-throughput image features relevant to the biology of tumors, which provides a non-invasive and quantitative method to evaluate the overall tumor heterogeneity and also offers a novel perspective for precision radiotherapy. The research progresses on the application and chanllenges of radiomics in the radiotherapy for head and neck cancer were summarized in this review.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871636

ABSTRACT

Objective:Since December 2019, novel coronavirus infection has occurred in Hubei province and spread throughout the country quickly. This new crown viral pneumonia was named as coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) by WHO. However, at present, there is a high incidence of acute aortic dissection in winter and spring. How to prevent the spread of the epidemic and choose the appropriate treatment is an important topic for the patients with acute aortic dissection.Methods:From January 16, 2020 to February 26, 2020, a total of 37 of acute aortic dissection operations were carried out in several cardiovascular surgery centers in Hubei Province. There were 18 cases of Stanford type A aortic dissection and 19 cases of Stanford type B aortic dissection. There were 10 cases (55.55%) with ascending aorta replacement and 7 cases (38.89%) with Bentall procedure for aortic root surgery, and total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation were performed in 14 cases (77.8%). In 19 patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection, thoracic endovascular aortic repair was performed, with the left subclavian artery chimney technique in 2 cases.Results:No deaths occurred within 30 days of hospitalization. Preoperative nucleic acid testing excluded 7 cases of novel coronavirus infection, and 3 suspected cases underwent emergency surgery. the three-level protective standard was adopted in the majority of the surgeries(62.2%, 23/37), and 11 patients were negative in the reexamination of viral nucleic acid after the operation.Conclusion:During the epidemic period, patients with acute aortic dissection should be carefully identified with actife COVID-19 before surgery. The treatment principles-" prevention and control of pneumonia epidemic should be emphasized, conservative medical management should be taken in the comfirmed cases, the selective operation should be delayed as far as possible, and the operation should be reasonable performed in critical cases" should be followed, which can save patients' lives to the greatest extent and prevent the spread of the virus.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755921

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the computed tomographic (CT) manifestations of pulmonary aspergillosis after organ transplantation and compare different signs between pulmonary aspergillosis and bacterial pneumonia.Methods CT images of pulmonary aspergillosis (n =62) and bacterial pneumonia (n =68) in post-transplantation patients were reviewed.The signs were categorized with consolidation,mass,large nodule (≥1crn),small nodule and bud-in-tree pattern.Some detailed useful differentiating signs such as halo sign,air bronchogram sign,reversed halo sign,hypodensity sign and cavitation were also analyzed.Results CT patterns of pulmonary aspergillosis included consolidation,mass,large nodule,small nodule and bud-in-tree pattern.The most common was large nodule (75.8%),followed by consolidation (48.4%)and mass (29.0%).And small nodule (16.1 %) and bud-in-tree (12.9%) patterns were concurrent.For consolidation pattern,the proportion of bacterial pneumonia (69.1%) was the larger;For mass pattern,the proportion of pulmonary aspergillosis (29.0%) was the larger.For large nodule pattern,there was no difference.The detail sign of large nodule in two groups had no difference In detailed signs of consolidation pattern,air bronchogram sign was more often seen in bacterial pneumonia while cavitation was more frequently found in pulmonary aspergillosis.In detailed signs of mass pattern,pulmonary aspergillosis often has single lesion (66.7%),cavitation (83.3%)and air crescent sign (77.8%) is more common.The proportion of halo sign was 30.7%.Conclusions CT manifestations of pulmonary aspergillosis are diverse after organ transplantation.There is some difference and yet overlap with bacterial pneumonia.

5.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 343-348, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806694

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To build risk prediction models for acute kidney injury (AKI) in severely burned patients, and to compare the prediction performance of machine learning method and logistic regression model.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 157 severely burned patients in August 2nd Kunshan factory aluminum dust explosion accident conforming to the inclusion criteria were collected. Patients suffering AKI within 90 days after admission were enrolled in group AKI, while the others were enrolled in non-AKI group. Single factor analysis was used to choose independent factors associated with AKI, including sex, age, admission time, features of basic injuries, initial score on admission, treatment condition, and mortality on post injury days 30, 60, and 90. Data were processed with Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and Fisher′s exact test. Variables with P<0.1 in single factor analysis and those with possible clinical significance were brought into the establishment of prediction model. Logistic regression and XGBoost machine learning algorithm were used to build the prediction model of AKI. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was calculated, and the sensitivity and specificity for optimal threshold value were also calculated for each model. Nonparametric resampling test was used to compare the significance of difference of AUC of the two models.@*Results@#(1) Eighty-nine (56.7%) patients developed AKI within 90 days from admission. Compared with 68 patients in non-AKI group, 89 patients in group AKI were older (Z=-2.203, P<0.05), with larger total burn area and full-thickness burn area (Z=-5.200, -6.297, P<0.01), worse acute physical and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) Ⅱ score, abbreviated burn severity index score, and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score on admission (Z=-7.485, -4.739, -4.590, P<0.01), higher occurrence rate of sepsis (χ2=33.087, P<0.01), higher rates of accepting tracheotomy, mechanical ventilation, and continuous renal replacement therapy (χ2=12.373, 17.201, 43.763, P<0.01), larger first excision area (Z=-2.191, P<0.05), and higher mortality on post injury days 30, 60, and 90 (χ2=7.483, 37.259, 45.533, P<0.01). There were no statistically significant differences in sex, open decompression, admission time, 24-hour fluid volume after admission, 48-hour fluid volume after admission, the first 24-hour urine volume, the second 24 hour urine volume, the first excision time, and inhalation injury (χ2=0.529, 3.318, Z=-1.746, -0.016, -1.199, -1.824, -0.625, -1.747, P>0.05). The rates of deep vein catheterization of patients in the two groups were both 100%. (2) There were twenty possible prediction variables for preliminary establishment of model according to the difference results of single factor analysis and clinical significance of variables. (3) The logistic regression prediction model had three variables: APACHE Ⅱ score [odds ratio (OR)=1.36, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.20-1.53, P<0.001], sepsis (OR=2.63, 95% CI=0.90-7.66, P>0.05), and the first 24-hour urine volume (OR=0.71, 95% CI=0.50-1.01, P>0.05). The AUC of the logistic regression prediction model was 0.875 (95% CI=0.821-0.930), with the specificity and sensitivity of optimal threshold value 84.4% and 77.7%, respectively. (4) XGBoost machine learning model had seven main predictive variables: APACHE Ⅱ score, full-thickness burn area, 24-hour fluid volume after admission, sepsis, the first 24-hour urine volume, SOFA score, and 48-hour fluid volume after admission. The AUC of machine learning model was 0.920 (95% CI=0.879-0.962), higher than that of logistic regression model (P<0.001), with the specificity and sensitivity of optimal threshold value 89.7% and 82.0%, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Sepsis and fluid resuscitation are two important predictive variables that can be intervened for AKI in severely burned patients. Machine learning method has a better performance and can provide more accurate prediction for individuals than logistic regression prediction model, and therefore has good clinical application prospect.

6.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 246-248, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806371

ABSTRACT

Artificial intelligence has been able to automatically learn and judge large-scale data to some extent. Based on database of a large amount of burn data and in-depth learning, artificial intelligence can assist burn surgeons to evaluate burn surface, diagnose burn depth, guide fluid supply during shock stage, and predict prognosis, with high accuracy. With the development of technology, artificial intelligence can provide more accurate information for burn surgeons to make clinical diagnosis and treatment strategies.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 621-625, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709321

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinico-pathological features of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN ) and the expression of phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R ) in elderly patients. Methods A total of 109 elderly patients with IMN confirmed by renal biopsy at Wuxi People's Hospital from July 2008 to February 2015 were included.Data were retrospectively collected. Results (1)Participating patients with IMN had a mean age of (67.3 ± 5.4)years ,and 67.9% of them had hypertension and 65.1% had nephrotic syndrome.Compared with non-elderly patients ,elderly patients had a higher proportion with hypertension (67.9% vs.25.2%)(P=0.000) ,higher systolic pressure[(143.1 ± 15.2)mmHg vs. (127.3 ± 13.3)mmHg](P= 0.000) ,higher diastolic pressure [(88.4 ± 10.0)mmHg vs. (80.2 ± 8.4)mmHg](P= 0.000) ,more severe tubulointerstitial lesions [(3.1±1.9)points vs.(2.0±1.9)points](P=0.000),and lower eGFR[(70.9±22.9)ml·min-1· 1.73 m -2vs. (90.6 ± 27.1 ) ml·min-1·1.73 m -2] ( P = 0.000 ). (2 ) There were more severe tubulointerstitial lesions[(4.7 ± 1.8)points vs. (2.4 ± 1.7)points ,2.9 ± 1.6 points](P = 0.000 , 0.000)and lower eGFR[(50.4 ± 17.4)ml·min-1·1.73 m -2vs. (80.3 ± 19.7)ml·min-1·1.73 m -2, (72.3 ± 21.4)ml·min-1·1.73 m -2](P=0.000 ,0.000)in elderly patients of pathological stage Ⅱ, compared with patients of pathological stages Ⅰ and Ⅰ-Ⅱ. (3)The rate of positive PLA2R was 82.4%.Patients with positive PLA2R had higher proteinuria[(4.5 ± 2.3)g vs. (2.9 ± 1.1)g](P=0.042) ,lower eGFR[(66.8 ± 21.8)ml·min-1·1.73 m -2vs. (97.7 ± 16.0)ml·min-1·1.73 m -2](P=0.000) ,and more severe tubulointerstitial lesions [(3.1 ± 2.0)points vs. (1.7 ± 1.1)points](P=0.037)than patients with negative PLA2R. (4)Multiple regression analysis showed that PLA2R positive rate(P=0.008) ,tubulointerstitial lesion(P=0.000) ,and level of cholesterol(P=0.025)were negatively correlated with eGFR (R2=0.572). Conclusions Compared with non-elderly patients , elderly patients with IMN have poorer prognosis as a result of higher blood pressure and more severe tubulointerstitial lesions.Elderly patients with IMN of advanced pathological stages and positive PLA2R have more severe kidney injury and tubulointerstitial lesions ,resulting in poor prognosis.

8.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 402-404, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705544

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Erfukang oral liquid on microcirculation disturbance in mice with acute blood stasis caused by adrenaline. Methods:The mice were randomly divided into the blank group,Naodesheng group(1.35 g·kg-1),Erfukang oral liquid group respectively at high(30 ml·kg-1),medium(15 ml·kg-1) and low(7.5 ml·kg-1) dose,and a microcirculation apparatus was used to observe the number of capillary opening in the normal mice at one hour after the administration. The microcircu-lation disturbance of auricle was induced by the injection of epinephrine into caudal vein. The number of capillary opening and blood flow in 2 min in the mice were observed. Results:Compared with the blank group,Ergukang oral liquid at high,medium and low dose showed effect on the number of opening capillaries without statistical significance (P>0.05);compared with the model group, Erfu-kang oral liquid at high and medium dose could significantly improve the microcirculation induced by epinephrine (P<0.05 or P<0.01),and significantly confront the decreased number of capillary network opening induced by adrenaline(P<0.05). Conclusion:Erfukang oral liquid can improve microcirculation disturbance.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507162

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of urine liver?type fatty acid?binding proteins(L?FABP) for early diagnosis and progress predicting of acute kidney injury(AKI)after lung transplantation. Methods Urine L?FABP and Scr blood samples in perioperative periods of 119 lung transplant recipients (hospitalized between 2013?2014)were involved in the research. Patients were divided into AKI group and non?AKI group according to KDIGO. Changes in urine L?FABP and Scr of two groups at various time points were recorded. Results Of 119 patients,57 developed AKI after surgery. Urine L?FABP from 0 h to 48 h in the two groups increased significantly, and the difference at 6 h to 48 h between the two groups is significant. In terms of diagnostic value,ROC area of urine L?FABP at 6h is 0.818. When 2254.52 ng/mg Cr was taken as diagnostic dividing line ,sensitivity and specificity was 0.782 and 0.814. In predicting AKI progression ,AUC below AUC of urine L?FABP 0.852. When 4313.17 ng/mgCr was taken as diagnostic dividing line ,sensitivity and specificity was 0.867 and 0.700. Conclusion Urinary L?FABP appears to be a sensitive and specific marker of AKI in lung transplant recipients ,could be a biological marker in the early diagnosis and progression tendency of AKI.

10.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2520-2524, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611900

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the features and correlation analysis of clinico-pathological and expression of phospholipase A2 receptor(PLA2R)in idiopathic membranous nephropathy. Methods A number of 244 patients of IMN proved by renal biopsy were recruited in Wuxi People's Hospital from July 2008 to February 2015. Data were restrospectively collected. Results In the 244 IMN patients(mean age 54.07 ± 15.22 years,130 males and 114 females),44.3% had hypertension and 62.7% had nephrotic syndrome. Compared with female patients ,male patients had more severe proteinuria and lower eGFR(P 8 g/24 h had higher level of cholesterol and blood pressure ,lower eGFR and more severe tubulointerstitial lesions(P < 0.05). Pathological stage Ⅰ and Ⅱaccounted for 98%,and there were more severe tubulointerstitial lesions and lower eGFR in the patients of stage Ⅱthan that in the patients of stageⅠandⅠ~Ⅱ(P<0.05). The positive rate of PLA2R accounted for 84.3%. Lower eGFR and more severe tubulointerstitial lesions were found in PLA2R-positive patients than those in PLA2R-neg-ative patients(P < 0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that tubulointerstitial lesions(B =-7.253),hyper-tension ratio(B=-10.726)and the level of cholesterol(B=-2.077)had negative correlations with eGFR(P<0.01, R2=0.470). Conclusions IMN patients of male gender,grave proteinuria,high pathological stage and positive PLA2R should be treated more actively , since severe tubulointerstitial lesions and kidney injury were more common in those patients.

11.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1409-1413, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506453

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the regulation of estrogen receptor α (ERα) on truncated neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R-Tr), and the influence of this regulation on cell proliferation in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cell lines. Methods The chromatin immune coprecipitation (CHIP) was used to observe the transcriptional regulation function of ERαon NK1R-Tr in breast cancer cells. Luciferase reporter gene assay was used to verify whether ERα played a positive regulatory role in the expression of NK1R-Tr. Western blot assay and real-time-PCR were used to detect the expression of ERα and NK1R-Tr in breast cancer cells, MCF-7 and T47D, as well as the expression of NK1R-Tr protein and mRNA level. NK1R-Tr levels were also detected after using estradiol (E2, ERα agonist) and small interfering RNA (knock out ERα). CCK-8 and clone formation experimen were used to detect the proliferation ability of breast cancer cells after knocking out NK1R-Tr with small interfering RNAs. Results CHIP test and Luciferase reporter gene assay proved that ERα can positively regulate the expression of NK1R-Tr via the ERα sequences in the upstream of the NK1R-Tr gene promoter. The expression of NK1R-Tr at both protein level and mRNA level dropped in the estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cell line MCF-7 upon knocking out ERα. After knocking out NK1R-Tr, the proliferation ability of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cells was lower than that of the control group. Conclusion The ERα positively regulates the expression of NK1R-Tr, resulting in the increased cell proliferation in estrogen positive breast cancer cells.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460811

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of different ultrasonic retroprep tips on the root-end preparation in cadavers.Methods:34 anterior teeth in situ in maxillary and mandibular jaws in cadavers were chosen and the root-end of 3 mm of all teeth was exposed. Root canal was prepared and filled with gutta-purcha in all teeth,3 mm of the root end was cut off.The teeth were divided into 2 treat-ment groups(n=1 5),and 1 control group(n=4).The root-end preparation was made using ultrasonic diamond tip and stainless steel tip respectively to 3 mm depth.The teeth in control group were not treated.Microcracks,marginal integrity and gutta-percha clearance were observated under SEM.Results:Diamond ultrasonic tips provoked a smaller number of cracks(P=0.059)and destroy of margin-al integrity(P=0.269)than stainless steel tips.Less gutta-percha clearance was produced by stainless steel tip than that by diamond ultrasonic tip(P=0.006).Conclusion:Diamond ultrasonic tip is more suitable for root-end preparation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484001

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the expression of the full-length (NK1R-FL) and truncated (NK1R-Tr) neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R) and the neurokinin-2 receptor (NK2R) in breast cancer tissues and cell lines, as well as to study the effects of the NK1R and NK2R antagonists on the growth of breast cancer cells. Methods:Immunohistochemistry and Western blot assays were used to detect NK1R, NK1R-FL, and NK2R expression in clinical samples of primary breast cancer tissue, benign lesions, and normal breast tissue, as well as in different breast cancer cell lines. Cell proliferation and soft agar growth tests were performed on cells treated with the NK1R and NK2R antagonists to study the ectopic overexpression of NK1R-FL and NK1R-Tr in breast cancer cell lines. Results:Total NK1R expression was detected in the breast cancer tissues, benign lesions, and normal breast tissues. Compared with the normal breast epithe-lia and benign breast lesions, the expression levels of NK1R-FL and NK2R decreased in the carcinoma. These changes were also relat-ed to the carcinoma type, histological grade, lymph node metastasis, HER2 and Ki-67 expression, and estrogen and progesterone recep-tors in breast cancer. The expression levels of NK1R-FL and NK2R were high in the HBL-100 breast cell lines of para-neoplastic tis-sues, but NK1R-Tr expression was low. The MDA-MB-231, T-47D, and MCF-7 cells only expressed NK1R-Tr. NK1R-Tr or NK1R-FL overexpression caused the decreased inhibition rate or increased levels of the NK1R and NK2R antagonists in the breast cancer cells. Conclusion:NK1R-FL and NK2R are co-expressed in normal cells. NK1R-Tr is highly expressed in breast cancer cells and exerts nega-tive feedback to regulate NK1R-FL and NK2R expression in all cells, especially cancer cells.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482350

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze effect of oxycodone hydrochloride injection preemptive analgesia on serum cellular immune factors and analgesic effect in postoperative patients with humeral fracture surgery.Methods 52 patients treated by surgical treatment of humeral fractures in our hospital were collected.All patients were randomly divided into experimental group and control group,26 cases in each group.Preemptive analgesia drugs were given corresponding, before and 24h after surgery, the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), venous blood CD4 +T, CD8 +T cells and CD4 +/CD8 + T levels and analgesic effect were detected in all patients.Results After surgery, compared with control group, the serum levels of TNF-αand IL-6 were lower in experimental group (P<0.05); the venous blood CD4 +T cell and CD4 +/CD8 + T levels were higher(P<0.05), CD8 +T cell level was lower in experimental group (P<0.05);the visual analogue scale(VAS) score was significantly lower in 2,4,6,12 and 24h after surgery in experimental group (P<0.05).Conclusions The oxycodone hydrochloride injection preemptive analgesia can significantly inhibit the increase of the serum TNF-αand IL-6 levels, prevent the decrease of immune function, improve the analgesic effect.

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 113-115,120, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601841

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the consistency of knee articular cartilage defect area by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)and arthroscopy.Methods Thirty-six patients (36 knees)with knee cartilage lesions were collected in our study.The defect area meas-urement of knee articular cartilage by MRI and arthroscopy was compared.Results A total of 92 lesions were detected by both MRI and arthroscopy with an average of 2.6 defects per knee.Preoperative MRI resultes demonstrated the mean defect area per knee was (1.9±1.5)cm2 ,while arthroscopic measurement after debridement indicated the mean defect area per knee was (2.9±2.6)cm2 , which had significant difference(P <0.001).The area measured by MRI was less than that by arthroscopy,and the mean difference was (1.7 ± 1.1)cm2 .The mean area measured by MRI was 70.1% of that by arthroscopy.Conclusion Arthroscopy and MR have good consistency in the number of articular cartilage defect lesions .MRI can reflect the knee articular cartilage defect area directly or indirectly,and be capable of accurate positioning and qualitative diagnosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 658-661, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336701

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To raise the awareness of adenosquamous carcinoma of pancreas and discuss the treatment of it.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 80 cases of pancreas adenosquamous carcinoma patients in the Department of Pancreas Surgery of Changhai Hospital of Second Military Medical University from December 2003 to October 2011 were analyzed. The diagnose and treatment methods were discussed. There were 61 male cases and 19 female cases who aged from 28 to 81 years, with an average age of 60 years. The primary symptoms included 46 cases (57.5%) of abdominal malaise, 6 cases (7.5%) of low back pain, 4 cases (5.0%) of abdominal swelling pain with low back pain, 15 cases (18.8%) of abdominal swelling pain with jaundice, 5 cases (6.3%) of painless jaundice, 3 cases (3.8%) of significantly decreased body-weight and 1 case (1.3%) of no symptom. All the patients had been identified as pancreas tumor suffers by ultrasound, enhanced CT scan or MRI. Totally there were 43 cases of head/unciform process tumors, 15 cases of pancreas body tumors and 22 pancreas tail cases.Health situation of all cases were follow-up observed in the outpatient department or telephoned every 3 months till 24 months after the surgery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 80 patients, 19 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) , 19 patients received pylorus-preserving PD, with 4 cases of palliative resection and 1 case of total pancreatectomy. The volume of bleeding during the surgery varied from 50 to 3 500 ml with a blood transfusion volume varied from 0 to 4 000 ml. Consumed time for PD procedures was 90 to 260 min with 60 to 150 min for body and (or) tail resection with or without lienectomy. The mean diameter of tumor was (4.9 ± 2.2) cm. Pathological tests showed 35 cases of positive lymph nodes, adjacent organ invasion happened in 35 patients, however, nerve invasion were found in 68 cases.Eighteen cases occurred postoperative complications, including bleeding, pancreatic fistula, gastric emptying, incision fat liquefaction and infection, pleural effusion, ascites and nervous diarrhea. There were only 48 effective follow-up patients, with a loss ratio of follow-up by 40.0%, reasons for the loss includes change of contact information, refuse or unable to provide useful information by the relatives of the patients.Sixteen patients received chemotherapy, and 8 patients received radiotherapy after operation. All patients were dead in the effective follow-ups. The postoperative median survival time was 6 months (0.1 to 23.0 months).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Adenosquamous carcinoma of pancreas is a rare kind of malignant tumor, nerve invasion can be found in almost all the cases. Patients with adenosquamous carcinoma of pancreas have an unfavorable prognosis. The principle treatments are surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Adenosquamous , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreas , Pathology , Pancreatectomy , Methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Mortality , Prognosis , Young Adult
17.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 159-162, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443290

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of high-flux hemodialysis on insulin resistance and microinflammatory state in elderly diabetic nephropathy (DN) patients with maintenance hemodialysis(MHD).Methods A total of 49 elderly DN patients with MHD and 10 healthy controls undergoing health examination survey were enrolled.Levels of homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index(HOMA-IR),interleukin-6(IL-6) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP) were analyzed and compared between patients and the controls.Patients with MHD were randomly divided into two groups:high-flux hemodialysis(HFHD) group and low-flux hemodialysis (LFHD) group.Changes of the parameters including HOMA-IR,IL-6,hs CRP and urea excretion rate(kt/v) were observed before and after treatment for 12 months.Results Levels of IL-6,hs-CRP and HOMA-IR were significantly higher in DN patients with MHD than in the control group [(126.22±13.23)ng/L vs.(12.68±3.63)ng/L,(12.13±1.73)mg/L vs.(2.55±1.27) mg/L,(4.83 ±1.23) vs.(0.32 ± 0.15),respectively,all P< 0.01].The levels of IL-6 and Hs-CRP were positively correlated with HOMA-IR in elderly DN patients (R =0.656,0.729,R2 =0.43,0.532,both P<0.01).Compared with before treatment,levels of fasting insulin(Fins),HOMA-IR and IL-6 were decreased in HFHD group after MHD for 12 months (all P< 0.05),while there were no differences in levels of Fins,HOMA-IR,IL-6 and hs-CRP in the LFHD group before and after MHD (all P>0.05).The levels of Fins,HOMA-IR and IL-6 were significantly lower in the HFHD group than in the LFHD group after MHD for 12 months(all P<0.05).Conclusions Insulin resistance and microinflammatory are common observed in elderly DN patients with MHD.High-flux hemodialysis may decrease the levels of IL-6 and hs-CRP,and ameliorate insulin resistance and microinflammatory state.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268952

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of the iron chelator deferoxamine (DFA) in suppressing microglia activation and protecting against secondary neural injury in a rat model of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SD rats were randomly divided into sham-operated group, ICH group and DFA treatment group. ICH model was established by infusion of type IV collagenase into the right basal ganglia, and starting from 1 h after the operation, the rats received intraperitoneal DFA injections every 12 h for 7 days. The iron content in the perihematoma brain tissue was determined at different time points after DFA administration, and OX42 immunohistochemistry was used to observe the changes in the microglia. The contents of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the brain tissue were detected by ELISA. The neural death and neurological deficiency were measured using Nissl staining and neurological scores, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The iron content in the brain tissues around the hematoma was significantly increased 3 days after ICH and maintained a high level till 28 days, accompanied by a marked increase of microglial cells as compared to the sham-operated group. DFA injection caused significantly decreased iron content in the brain tissue, reduced number of microglial cells, and lowered levels of IL-1β and TNF-α. Neuronal loss around the hematoma was obviously reversed after DFA injections, which resulted in improved neurological deficiency.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DFA can suppress microglia activation by removing iron overload from the perihematoma brain tissue, thus reducing secondary neuronal death and neurological deficiency in rats with ICH.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Metabolism , Pathology , Deferoxamine , Pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Iron , Metabolism , Male , Microglia , Metabolism , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426313

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of propofol anesthesia on electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)-induced hyperphosphorylation of Tau protein in hippocampus in depressed rats.Methods Thirty-two female WYK rats in which the total score was 30-120 after Open-field test,aged 24 weeks,weighing 200-250 g,were randomly divided into 4 groups ( n =8 each):control group (group C),propofol group (group P),ECT group (group E)and propofol + ECT group (group PE).In groups C and E,the animals received intraperitoneal normal saline 5 ml,and in addition the animals received ECT 15 min later in group E.In groups P and PE,the animals received intraperitoneal 100 mg/kg propofol 5 ml,and in addition the animals received ECT 15 min later in group PE.The learning and memory function was assessed by Morris water maze test at 24 h after ECT.The animals were sacririced at 6 h after Morris water maze test and the hippocampal tissues were removed for determination of the expression of phosphorylated Tau protein.Results Compared with group C,the escape latency was significantly prolonged,the swimming time was significantly shortened in groups P,E and PE,the expression of phosphorylated Tau protein in hippocampus was down-regulated in group P,and the expression of phosphorylated Tau protein in hippocampus was up-regulated in group E ( P < 0.05).Compared with group E,the escape latency was significantly shortened,the swimming time was significantly prolonged,and the expression of phosphorylated Tau protein in hippocampus was down-regulated in group PE (P <0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which propofol anesthesia improves cognitive impairment induced by ECT may be related to inhibition of hyperphosphorylation of Tau protein in hippocampus in depressed rats.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425486

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of propofol on cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in hippocampal neurons in depressed rats after electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).MethodsFifty 2-3 months old male SD rats weighing 200-250 g were randomly divided into 5 groups (n =10 each):group control (group C) ; group depression (group D); group propofol (group P); group ECT (group E) and group propofol + ECT (group PE).Depression was induced by separation and chronic unpredictable mild stres in groups D,P,E and PE.Groups P and PE received intraperitoneal pro pofol 80 mg/kg.Groups E and PE received ECT at 5 min after IP normal saline 8 ml/kg and propofol 80 mg/kg respectively once a day for 7 consecutive days.The learning and memory function was assessed by using Morris water maze test before (baseline) and after depression was induced and ECT.The animals were then sacrificed and their brains removed for detection of COX-2 mRNA expression in hippocampus (by RT-PCR).Results In group D depression significantly prolonged evasive latency and decreased swimming time percentage in platform quadrant and up-regulated COX-2 mRNA expression as compared with group C.In group E ECT further prolonged evasive latency and up-regulated COX-2 mRNA expression in depressed rats.In group PE propofol pretreatment attenuated ECT-induced impairment of learning-memory function and increase in COX-2 mRNA expression as compared with group E.ConclusionPropofol can ameliorate the decrease in learning and memory function induced by ECT in depressed rats by inhibiting COX-2 expression in hippocampal neurons.

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