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1.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 988-991, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869984

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) in the maintanence of neuropathic pain (NP) and the relationship with myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88)/nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway in the rats.Methods:Twenty-four clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 200-260 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), sham operation group (group S), NP group and NP plus HDAC6 inhibitor ACY-1215 group (group NP+ ACY). The rat model of NP was established by ligating the L 5 spinal nerve in anesthetized rats.The L 5 spinal nerve was only exposed without ligation in group S. In NP+ ACY group, ACY-1215 25 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected daily for 21 days after the end of model establishing.The equal volume of solvent was intraperitoneally injected in S and NP groups, and group C was reared normally.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) was measured on 3 days before establishing the model (T 0), the day before establishing the model (T 1) and 1, 3, 7, 10, 14 and 21 days after establishing the model (T 2-7). The rats were sacrificed after measurement of MWT on day 21 after ligation, and the spinal dorsal horn tissues of L 4-6 were removed for determination of the expression of MyD88, NF-κB and phosphorylated NF-κB (p-NF-κB) (by Western blot) and expression of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with C and S groups, the MWT was significantly decreased at T 2-7, and the expression of MyD88, NF-κB, p-NF-κB, TNF-α mRNA and IL-1β mRNA was up-regulated in NP and NP+ ACY groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group NP, the MWT was significantly increased at T 5-7, and the expression of MyD88, NF-κB, p-NF-κB, TNF-α mRNA and IL-1β mRNA was down-regulated in group SNL+ ACY ( P<0.05). Conclusion:HDAC6 activation is involved in the maintanence of NP, which is related to activating MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway in the rats.

2.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 984-987, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869983

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of valproic acid on the expression of M1/M2 microglia in the prefrontal cortex of rats with neuropathic pain (NP).Methods:Thirty-six clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 6-7 weeks, weighing 200-230 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=12 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), group NP, and valproic acid group (group V). The NP model was established by ligation of the L 5 spinal nerve (SNL) of anesthetized rats.Valproic acid 300 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected immediately after SNL and every day after ligation, once a day, for 3 consecutive days in group V, while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead of valproic acid in S and NP groups.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) was measured before ligation and at 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after ligation.Sucrose preference test and forced-swim test were performed on day 28 after ligation.After the end of the behavior test, the prefrontal cortex was removed for determination of the expression of cluster of differentiation (CD) 16 and CD206 by Western blot.The ratio of CD206/CD16 was calculated. Results:Compared with group S, the MWT at each time point after ligation and rate of preference for sucrose were significantly decreased, the duration of immobility in forced-swim test was prolonged, the expression of CD16 and CD206 was up-regulated, and the ratio of CD206/CD16 was decreased in group NP ( P<0.05). Compared with group NP, the MWT at each time point after ligation and rate of preference for sucrose were significantly increased, the duration of immobility in forced-swim test was shortened, the expression of CD16 was down-regulated, the expression of CD206 was up-regulated, and the ratio of CD206/CD16 was increased in group V ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which valproic acid improves depression may be related to promoting the expression of M2 microglia and inhibiting the expression of M1 microglia in the prefrontal cortex of rats with NP.

3.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 62-66, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745662

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between the pathomechanism of neuropathic pain (NP)-inducced depression and autophagy in the cortex of the frontal lobe in rats.Methods Forty healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats in which IT catheters were successfully placed,aged 8-10 weeks,weighing 200-220 g,were divided into 4 groups (n =10 each) using a random number table method:sham operation group (group S),group NP,NP plus dimethyl sulfoxide group (group ND) and NP plus autophagy inducer rapamycin group (group NR).The neuropathic pain model was established by ligation of the left fifth spinal nerve of anesthetized rats in NP,ND and NR groups.Rapamycin 0.1 μgwas intrathecally injected via the intrathecal catheter immediately after ligation of the spinal nerve and every day after ligation once a day for 21 consecutive days in group NR.The equal volume of dimethyl sulfoxide was intrathecally injected instead of rapamycin in group ND.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) was measured before ligation and at 1,3,7,10,14 and 21 days after ligation.The forced swimming test was performed at 3 days before ligation and 14 and 21 days after ligation.The rats were sacrificed after the last measurement of the behaviour testing,and the prefrontal cortex was removed for determination of the expression of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 Ⅰ (LC3 Ⅰ) and LC3 Ⅱ,Beclin-1 and p62 (by Western blot).The ratio of LC3 Ⅱ/LC3 Ⅰ was calculated.Results Compared with group S,the MWT was significantly decreased after ligation,the time of immobility was prolonged,the expression of LC3 Ⅰ was down-regulated,the expression of LC3 Ⅱ,Beclin-1 and p62 was up-regulated,and the LC3 Ⅱ/LC3 Ⅰ ratio was increased in NP and ND groups (P<0.05).Compared with group NP,the MWT was significantly increased after ligation,the time of immobility was shortened,the expression of LC3 [and p62 was down-regulated,the expression of LC3 Ⅱ and Beclin-1 was up-regulated,and the LC3 Ⅱ/LC3 Ⅰ ratio was increased in group NR (P<0.05).Conclusion Enhanced autophagy in the cortex of the frontal lobe is involved in the endogenous antidepressant mechanism in rats with NP.

4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 866-869, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709890

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of quercetin pretreatment on the permeability of blood-brain barrier in a rat model of global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion ( I∕R). Methods Sixty-three clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 300-350 g, aged 4-5 months, were divided into 3 groups (n=21 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group ( group S), group I∕R and quercetin pretreatment group ( group Q). Global cerebral I∕R was induced by occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries combined with hypotension ( mean arterial pressure was maintained at 35-45 mmHg) in chloral hydrate-anesthetized rats. Quercetin 25 μmol∕kg was injected intraperitoneally twice a day for 3 consecutive days starting from 3 days before establishment of the model in group Q, while the e-qual volume of normal saline was given instead at the corresponding time points in group S and group I∕R, respectively. The animals were sacrificed at 24 h of reperfusion and brains were removed to determine the brain water content, Evans blue ( EB) content and expression of occludin protein in cerebral cortex ( by Western blot) and to observe the ultrastructure of blood-brain barrier. Results Compared with group S, the brain water content and EB content were significantly increased, the expression of occludin protein was down-regulated (P<0. 05), and the injury to ultrastructure of blood-brain barrier was accentuated in I∕R and Q groups. Compared with group I∕R, the brain water content and EB content were significantly de-creased, the expression of occludin protein was up-regulated (P<0. 05), and the injury to ultrastructure of blood-brain barrier was significantly attenuated in group Q. Conclusion Quercetin pretreatment can de-crease the permeability of blood-brain barrier and attenuate brain edema, and the mechanism may be related to up-regulated expression of occludin protein in a rat model of global cerebral I∕R.

5.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 292-295, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709745

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on adenosine postcondi-tioning-induced reduction of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I∕R) injury in rats. Methods Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 230-260 g, were used in the study. Type 2 DM was induced by high-fat diet and intraperitoneal l% streptozocin 35 mg∕kg and confirmed by fasting blood glucose concentration>16. 7 mmol∕L 72 h later. Eighteen rats with type 2 DM were divided into 3 groups (n= 6 each) using a ran-dom number table: sham operation group (DS group), I∕R group (DI∕R group) and adenosine postcondi-tioning group (DAP group). Eighteen healthy nondiabetic rats were selected and randomly divided into 3 groups (n= 6 each): sham operation group (NS group), I∕R group (NI∕R group) and adenosine postcon-ditioning group (NAP group). Myocardial I∕R was induced by 30 min occlusion of the left anterior descend-ing branch of coronary artery followed by 2 h of reperfusion. Venous blood samples were collected from the femoral vein at 2 h of reperfusion for measurement of plasma cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) concentrations (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). The rats were then sacrificed im-mediately after blood sampling for determination of the myocardial ischemic area and infarct size. Results The plasma cTnI and CK-MB concentrations were significantly increased, and the percentage of myocardial infarct size was increased after myocardial I∕R in nondiabetic and diabetic rats. Adenosine postconditioning significantly decreased plasma cTnI and CK-MB concentrations and percentage of myocardial infarct size in nondiabetic and diabetic rats (P<0. 05). Compared with group NAP, the plasma concentrations of cTnI and CK-MB were significantly increased, and the percentage of myocardial infarct size was increased in group DAP (P<0. 05). Conclusion DM can weaken cardioprotection induced by adenosine postcondition-ing in rats.

6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1365-1369, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338428

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of perioperative intestinal microecological treatment on postoperative complications and gastrointestinal function in patients with refractory functional constipation by nonrandomized controlled trial.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 198 patients with refractory functional constipation who underwent Jinling procedure in our department from 2014 to 2015 were prospectively enrolled, and were divided into conventional treatment group (n=100, routine intestinal preparation was used before operation; probiotics and prebiotics were applied if diarrhea or abdominal distention occurred after operation) and microecological treatment group (n=98, routine perioperative management was applied; probiotics, prebiotics and enteral nutrition were administered since 2 weeks before operation; probiotics and prebiotics were given again when exhaust and defecation recovered after operation). The general clinical data, postoperative complications, gastrointestinal quality of life index (GIQLI), Wexner constipation score, the incidence of abdominal distension and diarrhea during follow-up were collected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The baseline information was not significantly different between two groups (all P>0.05) as well as the morbidity of postoperative complication [27.6% (27/98) vs 37.0% (37/100), P=0.155]. Compared with conventional treatment group, microecological treatment group had obviously lower incidence of enteritis [2.0%(2/98) vs. 9.0% (9/100), P=0.034] and shorter postoperative hospital stay [(7.2±3.1) d vs. (9.8±3.6) d, P=0.040]. The incidences of diarrhea and abdominal distension in microecological treatment group were obviously lower than those in conventional treatment group [30.9% (29/94) vs. 46.9% (45/96), P=0.024; 44.7%(42/94) vs. 60.4%(58/96), P=0.030] at postoperative 1-month. Compared with conventional treatment group, microecological treatment group had obviously higher GIQLI (52.36 vs. 43.55, P=0.026) at postoperative 1-month. At postoperative 12-month, the incidences of diarrhea and abdominal distension decreased obviously in both two groups but without significant differences [diarrhea: 3.4% (3/89) vs. 3.3%(3/90), P=0.989; abdominal distention: 6.7% (6/89) vs. 5.6% (5/90), P=0.742]. GIQLI and Wexner score were improved but without significant differences as well (all P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Perioperative intestinal microecological treatment can obviously reduce the incidences of postoperative enteritis, early abdominal distension and early diarrhea, improve the postoperative early GIQLI, and shorten postoperative hospital stay.</p>

7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1418-1421, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709654

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of preoperative transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with different volumes of ropivacaine for improving postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic radical resection of ovarian cancer.Methods Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients,aged 30-60 yr,with body mass index of 18-24 kg/m2,scheduled for elective laparoscopic radical resection of ovarian cancer under general anesthesia,were divided into 3 groups (n =20 each) using a random number table:0.375% ropivacaine 20 ml group (group R1),0.375% ropivacaine 12 ml group (group R2) and control group (group C).In R1 and R2 groups,ultrasound-guided bilateral TAP block was performed before induction of anesthesia,and 0.375% ropivacaine 20 and 12 ml were injected,respectively.Both groups received patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) with sufentanil after operation,and the PCIA pump was set up with a 0.5 ml bolus dose,a 15 min lockout interval and background infusion at a rate of 2 ml/h after a loading dose of 2 ml to maintain the visual analogue scale score ≤ 3.When the visual analogue scale score >3,tramadol 100 mg was intravenously injected as rescue analgesic.The consumption of sufentanil during PCIA,effective pressing times of PCIA,requirement for rescue analgesic and occurrence of adverse reactions were recorded within 24 h after operation.At 10 min before induction of anesthesia and 4,8,12 and 24 h after operation,venous blood samples were collected for measurement of the plasma concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-10 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results Compared with group C,the consumption of sufentanil,effective pressing times of PCIA,requirement for rescue analgesic and incidence of nausea and vomiting and pruritus were significantly decreased,and the concentration of plasma IL-6 was decreased and the concentration of IL-10 in plasma was increased at each time point after operation in R1 and R2 groups (P<0.05).The consumption of sufentanil,effective pressing times of PCIA,requirement for rescue analgesic and incidence of nausea and vomiting and pruritus were significantly lower,and the concentration of plasma IL-6 was lower and the concentration of IL-10 in plasma was higher at each time point after operation in group R1 than in group R2 (P<0.05).Hematoma and infection at the puncture site were not found in R1 and R2 groups.Conclusion Preoperative TAP block can enhance the postoperative analgesic efficacy,reduce the occurrence of adverse reactions,and 0.375% ropivacaine 20 ml provides better efficacy in patients undergoing laparoscopic radical resection of ovarian cancer.

8.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 3694-3696, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663299

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical curative effect of the surgical method of transferring the radialis proper digital nerve of damaged index finger and its dorsal branch to repair the thumb nerve evulsion.Methods 13 patients with thumb nerve evulsion were treated.There were 8 males and 5 females with an average age of 28 years (ranged 18-52 years old).The injuries were caused by machine twist (8 cases),gear(4 cases),electric saw (1 case).And thumb rotational avulsion amputation (10 cases),thumb incompleteness amputation(3 cases).The time from injury to admission was 1-3.5 h (mean 2.2 h).The average time from injury to admission was (1.1 ± 1.5) h.The amputate level of skin was at the juxtra-articular of metacarpophalangeal joint.The amputate level of bone was at the base of proximal phalanx (6 patients) and metacarpophalangeal joint (4 patients),interphalangeal joint(3 patients).Using transferring the radialis proper digital nerve of index finger without reimplantation and its dorsal branch to.repair the both side injuries of thumb nerve evulsion.According to routine method to repair digital bone,veins,arteries and tendons.Results All 13 chases were followed up for 6 months to 2 years and 7 months postoperatively,with an average of 22 months.The wounds and incisions at donor sites were healed by first intention.All 13 cases of thumb reimplantation were successful.Two-point discrimination of ulnaris finger pulp was 2 to 6mm,average 4.2mm,and the radialis was 5 to 9mm,average 7.8mm.Sensory function was rated as S4(the ulnaris in 12 cases and the radialis in 2 cases) and S3 + (the radialis in 11 cases and the ulnaris in 1 cases).Conclusion Transferring the radialis proper digital nerve of damaged index finger and its dorsal branch to the digital nerve on the neighboring thumb is a simple and effective method to restore sensory function of the pulp.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 13-20, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308476

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety, effectiveness and long-term results of Jinling procedure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1 100 patients with refractory constipation were admitted to the Institute of General Surgery between February 2000 and December 2013 and received Jinling procedure. There were 217 male and 883 female patients with an average age of (45±15) years and an average duration of (275±159) months. The Jinling procedure modifies the classic procedure of subtotal colectomy with colorectal anastomosis by adding a new side-to-side cecorectal anastomosis. The general clinical data, postoperative complications, gastrointestinal quality of life index (GIQLI), Wexner constipation score, satisfaction rate, body composition, nutritional status, homeostasis, anal manometry and defecography during follow-up were collected. Statistical analysis was performed by t-test analysis, χ(2) test or Fisher's exact probability.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The postoperative follow-up rate were 96.73%, 94.36%, 93.00% and 92.55% at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. The satisfaction rate were 62.50%, 72.45%, 93.16% and 94.70% respectively during 1, 3, 6 and 12 months follow-up. The postoperative 1 month, GIQLI was lower than that of preoperative (P=0.038), but significantly better at postoperative 3 month than the preoperative (P=0.022), and gradually improve after then. Wexner score was significantly lower at postoperative 1 month than the preoperative (P=0.018), and with the gradually reduce. Compared to the preoperative baseline, all body composition and serum protein parameters decreased significantly at the one-month follow-up and then increased gradually over the remaining follow-up period. Weight and prealbumin were significantly higher than the preoperative at postoperative 12 month. Jinling procedure had no effect on electrolytes. All patients were detected in defecography before surgery, but these abnormal indicators were improved after surgery. Anal function, coordinated movement anorectal function, anorectal reflex and rectal sensation were injured at early postoperative, but as time goes on, these indicators gradually returned to preoperative levels, some indicators better than the preoperative level. Postoperative surgical site infection, anastomotic bleeding , anastomotic leakage, urinary retention, sexual dysfunction, recurrent constipation, bowel obstruction, anastomotic stricture and mortality rates were 4.36%, 5.45%, 6.00%, 6.91%, 0.64%, 0.45%, 8.82%, 4.00% and 0.27% respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Jinling procedure is a safe and effective surgical procedure for refractory constipation. It can improve defecation function and quality of life significantly, and has a high follow-up satisfaction rate.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Colectomy , Constipation , General Surgery , Defecation , Defecography , Follow-Up Studies , Intestinal Obstruction , Postoperative Period , Quality of Life , Rectum , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1119-1124, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505388

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of different doses of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) in rats.Methods Seventy-five SD male rats weighing between 250 and 300g were divided into sham group,MIRI group,small-dose DEX group,medium-dose DEX group and high-dose group according to the random number table,with 15 rats per group.Threading the left anterior descending coronary artery was done only in sham group,but the MIRI model was produced in the rest groups by ligation of the artery for 30 minutes followed by 120 minutes of reperfusion.Fifteen minutes before the ligation,small-,medium-and high-dose DEX groups were injected 2.5,5 and 10 μg · kg-1 · h-1 of DEX respectively until the end of reperfusion.Instead,an equal volume of normal saline was given in sham and MIRI groups.At the end of reperfusion,five rats in each group were used to determine the myocardial infarct size,and arterial blood samples and myocardial tissues from ten rats in each group were used to measure serum levels of interleukin-1β (IL-β) and serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),expression of myocardial nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NF-κB p65) and change of myocardial pathomorphology.Results Myocardial infract size,degree of myocardial pathomorphology structure damage,serum levels of IL-1 β and TNF-αt and expression of myocardial NF-κB p65 in sham group were significantly lower in sham group than other groups (P < 0.05).Above mentioned parameters in small-,medium-and high-dose DEX groups were all significantly decreased compared to MIRI group (P < 0.05),and the decrease was most significant in medium-dose DEX group (P < 0.05).Conclusions DEX can attenuate the MIRI in rats and the possible mechanism is suppressing the release of NF-κB p65,which can reduce serum pro-inflammatory cytokines like TNF-α and IL-1β.And mediumdose DEX exhibits better protective effect.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 411-415, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486099

ABSTRACT

Objective There is no quantization scheme for the early ambulation in patients with gastrointestinal tumor after operation of enhanced recovery .The aim of this study was to explore a suitable objective method of postoperative ambulation for gastro -intestinal tumor patients . Methods Sixty six gastrointestinal tumor postoperative patients were randomly assigned to two groups :ex-perimental group ( 33 cases ) and control group ( 33 cases ) .Enhanced recovery was adopted in the both groups afterthe operation . Wireless smart bracelets ( fitbit flex) were used in the experimental group , and the ambulation of patients was monitored by the hand of synchronous real time computer digital panel .At the same time, the patients was supervised for positive ambulation . Traditional quantitative methods of electronic pedometer were used in the control group.The postoperative ambulation , effect and compliance were compared between the two groups . Results Postoperative ambula-tion steps in the experimental group were increased compared with the control group on the days 1, 2, and 3postoperative, and the data were (208.70 ±45.76) vs (144.36 ±47.68), (560.73 ±148.67) vs (407.00 ±85.92), and (894.70 ±91.68) vs (674.00 ±73.06) steps (P<0.05).The first time of early ambulation, flatus, ca-tharsis, and compliance of ambulation showed significant difference in the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion Wireless intelligent monitoring bracelet is objective and effective for monitoring and quantifying postoperative ambulation .It is superior to the traditional quantitative methods , and can improve the effect and compliance of the ambulation .Moreover , it can promote postoperative recovery in patient with enhanced recovery surgery .

12.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 267-271, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234920

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy of pectin, a kind of soluble dietary fiber, in diarrhea predominant irritable bowel syndrome(IBS-D).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 87 patients with IBS-D were selected in the Jinling Hospital between July 2011 and December 2013. Using a randomized, controlled trial, the efficacy of pectin for IBS-D was prospectively evaluated. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive 24 g pectin powder/d (n=46) or a placebo (n=41). Before and after 6 weeks of treatment, colonic microflora was examined by real-time PCR and compared between groups. Changes in stool frequency and form (Bristol stool scale), composite score of symptoms (Likert scale) and QOL scores (IBS-QOL questionnaire) were also monitored. Peripheral blood sample from patients with IBS-D was obtained to estimate the cytokines level, which was compared with that obtained from a group of age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers (n=20).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Those patients randomized to pectin experienced a greater reduction in composite symptom scores and Bristol stool scale scores, as well as significant improvement in QOL scores (P<0.05). The pectin acted as prebiotics and significantly enhanced faecal bifidobacteria and decreased total Clostridium sp (P<0.05). At baseline, patients with IBS-D demonstrated an abnormal IL-10/IL-12 ratio, which was normalized by pectin feeding alone (P<0.01). Placebo did not exert these effects on the aforementioned parameters after treatment. No significant adverse effects were reported during the study.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Pectin acts as a prebiotic in specifically stimulating gut bifidobacteria in IBS-D patients and is effective in alleviating clinical symptoms, balancing colonic microflora and relieving systemic inflammation. In view of its ability to re-establish a healthy gut ecosystem, pectin has the potential of being a therapeutic agent in IBS-D.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Bifidobacterium , Diarrhea , Feces , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Pectins , Treatment Outcome
13.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e107-2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175272

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have recently been recognized to have a role in human orthopedic disorders. The objective of our study was to explore the expression profile and biological function of miRNA-17-5p (miR-17-5p), which is well known to be related to cancer cell proliferation and invasion, in osteoblastic differentiation and in cell proliferation. The expression levels of miR-17-5p in the femoral head mesenchymal stem cells of 20 patients with non-traumatic osteonecrosis (ON) and 10 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) were examined by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR). Furthermore, the interaction between miR-17-5p and SMAD7 was observed. We found that in non-traumatic ON samples the level of mature miR-17-5p was significantly lower than that of OA samples (P=0.0002). By targeting SMAD7, miR-17-5p promoted nuclear translocation of beta-catenin, enhanced expression of COL1A1 and finally facilitated the proliferation and differentiation of HMSC-bm cells. We also demonstrated that restoring expression of SMAD7 in HMSC-bm cells partially reversed the function of miR-17-5p. Together, our data suggested a theory that dysfunction of a network containing miR-17-5p, SMAD7 and beta-catenin could contribute to ON pathogenesis. The present study prompts the potential clinical value of miR-17-5p in non-traumatic ON.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Base Sequence , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteoarthritis/genetics , Osteoblasts/cytology , Osteogenesis , Osteonecrosis/genetics , Signal Transduction , Smad7 Protein/genetics , beta Catenin/metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 453-456, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239381

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the efficacy of different procedures for refractory constipation complicated with megacolon.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 112 patients of refractory constipation complicated with megacolon undergoing surgery in our institute from June 2007 to January 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Of these 112 patients, the duration of constipation ranged from 4 to 22 years. Seventy-four patients had previous abdominal operations. Surgical procedures: (1)Jinling procedure (subtotal colectomy plus ascending colorectal posterior wall side-to-side anastomosis, n=81), including 24 laparoscopy-assisted procedures, 18 terminal ileostomies. (2)total colectomy plus ileorectal side-to-side anastomosis(n=18). (3)total colectomy plus end ileostomy, and ileorectal posterior wall side-to-side anastomosis 6 months later(n=13). The end ileostomy was reversed 6 months after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The successful rate was 100%, and no surgery-related deaths were found. Postoperative complications included early diarrhea (90 cases, 80.4%), anal pain and incomplete evacuation (22 cases, 19.6%), urinary retention within 24-48 h after catheter removal (16 cases, 14.2%), anastomosis bleeding (9 cases, 8.0%), anastomosis leakage (6 cases, 5.4%), and intestinal obstruction (15 cases, 13.4%). Six patients with intestinal obstruction underwent adhesiolysis, and others were managed by conservative therapy. At the postoperative follow-up at 6 months, the Wexner constipation score was significantly reduced (5.8-8.3 vs. 21.4-28.7, P<0.01), and malnutrition improved as well.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Surgical intervention results in good efficacy for refractory constipation complicated with megacolon.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Colectomy , Methods , Constipation , General Surgery , Ileostomy , Megacolon , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 972-976, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254379

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the incidence and risk factors associated to with refractory constipation patients complicated with superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS), and to observe the role of nutritional support in its treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A prospective nested case-control study was conducted from a constipation cohort(n=973) to assess the incidence and risk factors of SMAS. Pitents with SMAS were matched to controls with a ratio of 1:4 by age and gender. Cases developed SMAS in long-term follow-up(n=26) and controls did not(n=104). Nutritional support was used in 26 patients with SMAS. The efficacy of nutritional support was evaluated by retrospective analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of SMAS in this cohort of patients was 2.7%. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed BMI≤18 kg/m(2) (OR=2.89, 95%CI:1.14-7.31) and prolonged colon transit time(OR=3.57, 95%CI:1.36-9.35) were independent risk factors of SMAS in patients with refractory constipation. A total of 22 patients recovered after treatment of nutritional support. The successful rate of conservative treatment was 84.6%. The clinical symptoms, gastrointestinal quality of life index, Wexner constipation score and nutritional status were all significantly improved after treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A BMI of less than 18 kg/m(2) and prolonged colon transit time are independent risk factors in refractory constipation patients complicated with SMAS. Nutrition support should be carried out according to illness condition and nutritional status, and combined with theatment of constipation simultaneously.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Case-Control Studies , Constipation , Incidence , Nutritional Support , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome , Therapeutics
16.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 204-208, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447987

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the epidemiological features of Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii isolated from clinical samples in Shenzhen and to elucidate the distribution of species,varieties,genotypes and mating types within the strains tested.Methods The strains involved in this study were 55 cryptococcal strains isolated from our clinical samples.The canavanine-glycine bromthymolblue (CGB) culture was performed to distinguish Cryptococcus neoformans from Cryptococcus gattii.The genotype was characterized by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fingerprinting with primer M13.The Cryptococcus gattii species and varieties of grubii and neoformans together with two opposite mating type α and a were identified by PCR with variety-specific and mating type-specific primers.The GEF1-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was conducted to simultaneously determine the genotype and mating types of strains tested.The sequence type of IGS1 region was analyzed for the VG Ⅱ genotype.Results Of the 55 tested cryptococcal strains,52 were Cryptococcus neoformans,all of which were var.grubii,genotype VN Ⅰ and mating type α.The remaining 3 strains were Cryptococcus gattii,among which,one was genotype VG Ⅰ and mating type α,and two were genotype VG Ⅱ and mating type α.The two VGⅡ genotype strains belonged to the sequence type Ⅱ.Conclusions The strains belonging to the Cryptococcus neoformans var.grubii,genotype VN Ⅰ and mating type α predominate in causative pathogens of cryptococcosis in Shenzhen.Cryptococcus gattii accounts for minority of the cryptococcal isolates,and the highly pathogenic VG Ⅱ genotypes in foreign countries are also characterized.The sequence types of IGS1 region of the two VG Ⅱ strains are in accord with VG Ⅱb sub-genotype.

17.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1192-1194, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440387

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of different doses of dexmedetomidine for prevention of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in the elderly patients undergoing hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy.Methods Sixty ASA physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients of both sexes,aged over 65 yr,weighing 50-70kg,undergoing elective hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy,were equally and randomly assigned into 4 groups using a random number table:control group (group C),different doses of dexmedetomidine groups (groups D1-D3).In D1-3 groups,a loading dose of dexmedetomidine 0.2,0.4 and 0.8 μg/kg was infused over 30 min before induction of anesthesia,respectively,followed by infusion at a rate of 0.5 μg· kg-1 · h-1 until the end of surgery,while the equal volume of normal saline was given in group C.After induction of anesthesia,the patients were endotracheally intubated and mechanically ventilated.Venous blood samples were collected at 30 min before induction of anesthesia (T0),immediately after intubation (T1),at 0 and 1 h after skin incision (T2,3),at 1 min after abdomen closure (T4) and immediately after onset of extubation (T5) for determination of serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) by ELISA.The development of POCD was recorded within 7 days after surgery.Results Compared with group C,the serum concentrations of TNF-α and IL6 and incidence of POCD were significantly decreased in D1-D3 groups (P < 0.05).Conclusion Dexmedetomidine pretreatment can decrease the development of POCD in elderly patients undergoing hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy and inhibition of inflammatory responses may be involved in the mechanism.

18.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 746-748, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436970

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of the complement 1 q (C1 q) in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats.Methods Sixty healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 3-4 months,weighing 180-200 g,were randomized into 2 groups:sham operation group (S group,n =12) and hepatic I/R group (I/R group,n =48).Hepatic specimens were obtained at 1,3,6 and 24 h of reperfusion and were then cut and stained with haematoxylin and eosin for examination of histological changes of the liver (with light microscope) and for determination of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content (by colorimetric method),expression of Clq mRNA (using real-time PCR) and expression of Clq (by using Western blot).Results Compared with S group,the activity of SOD was gradually decreased,the content of MDA was gradually increased,and the expression of Clq and Clq mRNA was gradually up-regulated and peaked at 3 h of reperfusion with the prolongation of reperfusion time in I/R group (P < 0.05).The pathological changes of the liver were aggravated with the prolongation of reperfusion time in I/R group.Conclusion Activation of C1 q is involved in hepatic I/R injury in rats.

19.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 5-8, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432310

ABSTRACT

Objective Refractory constipation,when complicated with megacolon,is difficult to manage.This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of different preoperative nutritional therapies on refractory constipation patients complicated with megacolon.Methods Patients of refractory mixed constipation complicated with megacolon receiving surgical interventions between 2006 Jun and 2011 Jun were enrolled.Perioperafive nutrition support was evaluated in terms of postoperative recovery.Results 78 constipation patients received therapies of NPM,gastrointestinal decompression and total parenteral nutrition during the first 7-14 days.34 patients retained intestine patency and after 2 weeks of enteral nutrition therapy,they (enteral nutrition group) successfully received selective surgery.The other 44 patients (non-enteral nutrition group) received emergency surgery after correcting homeostasis.The surgical procedures included Jinling procedure (n =45),Jinling procedure plus ileostomy (n =6),total colectomy plus ileum-rectum side-to-side anastomosis (n =18) and total colectomy plus ileostomy (n =9).EN group patients had a significant low rate of pneumonia (0% vs 11.4%),anastomotic leakage (0% vs 11.4%),anastomotic bleeding (2.9% vs 18.2%) and ostomy (0% vs 34.1%),compared with N-EN group.At one month follow up,the nutrition status was significantly better in EN group than that in N-EN group.Condusions Refractory constipation complicated with megacolon required surgical intervention.Recovering the intestinal patency and receiving enteral nutritional support therapy preoperatively benefits patient's recovery.

20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(7): 676-680, July 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-639456

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to compare the variability of the onset and offset of the effect of two neuromuscular blocking drugs with different elimination pathways in adult and elderly patients during total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). After Ethics Committee approval and patients’ informed consent, the drugs were compared in 40 adult and 40 elderly patients scheduled for elective surgery under TIVA with tracheal intubation who were randomized to receive a single bolus dose of 0.15 mg/kg cisatracurium or 0.9 mg/kg rocuronium. The time of onset of maximum depression, duration of action, and recovery index time were measured and recorded for each patient and variability is reported as means ± standard deviation. Time of onset was significantly shorter for rocuronium than cisatracurium for the adult and elderly groups (P = 0.000), but the variability of cisatracurium was significantly greater compared with rocuronium for the same age groups (93.25 vs 37.01 s in the adult group and 64.56 vs 33.75 s in the elderly group; P = 0.000). The duration of the effect in the elderly group receiving rocuronium was significantly longer than in the elderly group receiving cisatracurium, and the variability of the duration was significantly greater in the rocuronium group than in the cisatracurium group. Mean time of recovery was significantly longer for the elderly group receiving rocuronium than for the elderly group receiving cisatracurium (P = 0.022), and variability was also greater (P = 0.002). Both drugs favored good intubating conditions. In conclusion, cisatracurium showed less variability in these parameters than rocuronium, especially in the elderly, a fact that may be of particular clinical interest.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anesthesia Recovery Period , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Androstanols/administration & dosage , Atracurium/analogs & derivatives , Neuromuscular Blockade/methods , Neuromuscular Blocking Agents/administration & dosage , Age Factors , Androstanols/pharmacokinetics , Atracurium/administration & dosage , Atracurium/pharmacokinetics , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Neuromuscular Blocking Agents/pharmacokinetics
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