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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888399

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify a rare allele of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and analyze its inheritance and 3D molecular structure.@*METHODS@#PCR-sequence-based typing, PCR-single strand oligonucleotide polymorphism and single allele-specific sequencing were carried out to characterize the rare HLA-C allele and its transmission in the family. Its protein structure was modeled by using SWISS-MODEL, Phyre2 and FATCAT software.@*RESULTS@#Analysis indicated that the rare allele (HLA-C*08:84) has transmitted from the proband's mother and has differed from HLA-C*08:01 by a single base (g.512G>C), resulting in substitution of an amino acid (p.Trp147Ser). Modeling of the 3D structure of the encoded protein indicated that the amino acid residue variation is located at the alpha 2 helix, which participates the formation of pocket F. Modeling of the structures of C*08:84, C*08:01, C*08:02, C*08:03 and C*08:22 has suggested significant variation in the peptide binding regions of the backbone, with root mean square errors being 1.70 nm, 1.79 nm, 0.71 nm and 1.70 nm, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#A rare HLA-C*08:84 allele has been identified, and its clinical significance has been analyzed.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Base Sequence , HLA-B Antigens/genetics , HLA-C Antigens/genetics , Humans , Molecular Structure , Sequence Analysis, DNA
2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1747-1751, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882147

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the fingerprint of Bombyx mori and the method for the content determination of multi- components,and to provide reference for comprehensive quality evaluation of B. mori . METHODS :Using 18 batches of B. mori from different producing areas as samples ,HPLC method was used. The column was Shiseido CAPCELL PAK C 18 AQ S 5 with mobile phase consisted of methanol- 0.05 mol/L potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was 260 nm,and column temperature was set at 30 ℃. The sample size was 10 μL. HPLC fingerprint analysis and similarity evaluation were performed by using TCM Chromatogram Fingerprint Similarity Evaluation System(2012 edition),and the chromatographic peak was identified by comparing with the chromatogram of reference substance. The contents of 4 nucleosides as uracil ,guanine,xanthine,uridine were determined . RESULTS :A total of 16 common peaks were identified in HPLC fingerprint for 18 batches of B. mori ,and peaks 3,6 ,7 and 8 were identified as uracil ,guanine,xanthine and uridine. The similarity of sample chromatogram with control fingerprint were 0.912-1.000. The linear range of uracil ,guanine, xanthine and uridine were 5.34-534,5.28-528,5.06-506,5.195-519.5 μg/mL(r≥0.999 8). The limits of detection were 0.032 4, 0.032 0,0.030 7,0.031 2 μg/mL,and the limits of quantitation were 0.106 8,0.105 6,0.101 2,0.103 0 μg/mL. RSDs of precision,reproducibility and stability tests (24 h)were all lower than 1.00%(n=6). Average recoveries were 100.15%-102.95%, and RSD s were all lower than 2.00%(n=9). The content determination results showed that the content of uracil ,guanine, xanthine and uridine of B. mori from different producing areas were 0.41%-2.46%,0.37%-1.98%,0.72%-2.63%,0.94%-3.67%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS :Established HPLC fingerprint and content determination method of 4 nucleosides were specific , accurate and reliable ,which can be used for the quality evaluation and control of B. mori .

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 666-675, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881950

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the current situation and influencing factors of occupational stress among employees of disease control and prevention system in Beijing City. METHODS: A total of 903 employees from 7 centers for disease control and prevention(CDC) in Beijing City were selected as the research subjects using typical sampling method. The Job Demand-Control(JDC) Questionnaire and the Effort-Reward Imbalance(ERI) Questionnaire were used to evaluate and analyze the occupational stress and its influencing factors based on the JDC model and ERI model. RESULTS: The detection rate of high occupational stress in JDC model and ERI model were 54.5%(492/903) and 22.5%(203/903) respectively. The detection rate of high occupational stress in JDC model was higher than that in ERI model(P<0.01). Based on the JDC model, the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the lower the personal monthly income, the higher the risk of occupational stress of CDC employees(P<0.01). The risk of those in administrative position was higher than those in non-administrative position(P<0.01). The risk of employees with more than 10 years of service length was higher than those with less than 10 years of service length(P<0.01). The employees with longer weekly working hours had the higher risk(P<0.01). Based on the ERI model, the risk of occupational stress of CDC employees in the administrative position was higher than that of non-administrative position(P<0.05). The risk of professional technical post and work skill post were higher than that of management post(all P<0.05). The risk of employee with more than 10 years of service length was higher than that of less than 10 years(P<0.05). The longer weekly working hours had higher risk(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The occupational stress of the JDC model is the main occupational stress model in Beijing CDC system. The main influencing factors include monthly income, position, service length and weekly working hours. The main factors of occupational stress in ERI model include position, post, service length and weekly working hours.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865222

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical symptoms and hereditary information of suspicious juvenile neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis (JNCL) and determine the genotype in order to explore the diagnosis clues in the patients with ophthalmologic manifestations being initial symptom.Methods A case-control study was performed in this study.Two families were included in Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical in 2013 and 2017,respectively.Medical histories were collected and all participants underwent comprehensive ophthalmologic examinations,and the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was obtained.Fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were used to image the retinal signs,and visual electrophysiology was recorded to evaluate the visual function.Genomic DNA of 3 patients who initially visited to ophthalmologists and 5 unaffected family members were extracted.Whole exome sequencing (WES),targeted exome sequencing (TES),Sanger sequencing and comprehensive analyses of pathogenicity were performed to determine the genetic cause of the patients.This study was approved by Ethics Committee of Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University (KYK-2017-7),and written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to any medical examination.Results All patients presented bull eye sign and disorder of pigment on the fundus photograph,and the retinas were thinning on the OCT image,indicating the diffuse retinal pigment epithelium atrophy of macula and loss of outer layer structure of retina.Three mutations in CLN3 gene were identified by WES,TES,Sanger validation and assessments of pathogenicity,including c.154T>C (p.Y52H),c.982G>C (p.A328P) and c.906+5G>A,among which p.A328P was a novel mutation.Patients of F1 family harbored the compound heterozygous mutations c.154T>C (p.Y52H) and c.982G>C (p.A328P),while proband of F2 family harbored the homozygous splice site mutation c.906+5G>A,which was reported to be a pathogenic mutation of JNCL.Co-segregation and comprehensive pathogenicity analysis revealed that the compound heterozygous mutations in F1 family and the homozygous mutation in a splice site in F2 family were the genetic causes of their phenotypes.Conclusions A novel mutation in CLN3 gene for JNCL is identified,which expands the mutation spectrum of CLN3 gene.Considering the high clinical heterogeneity of inherited retinal diseases,especially syndromic cases,genetic test through next generation plays a vital role in diagnosis,guiding future treatment and prognostic evaluation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864148

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between specific expression of serum micro ribonucleic acid (miRNA) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in children.Methods:Sixteen children diagnosed with DCM in Pediatric Heart Center of Beijing Anzhen Hospital from November 2013 to March 2016 were enrolled in the DCM group.Meanwhile, 12 age- and gender-matched healthy children who underwent medical examinations at the same time in the same hospital were selected as the healthy control group.Their serum was collected and miRNA sequencing was performed.The sample size was expanded at the later stage (the DCM group included 30 cases, and the healthy control group included 16 cases). The real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) verification experiment was conducted on 11 miRNAs with statistically significant sequencing results.Results:Serum miRNA sequencing showed that 172 miRNAs were up-regulated but no miRNAs were down-regulated in the DCM group, compared with the healthy control group (fold change>2, P<0.001). Top 11 significantly up-regulated miRNAs were verified by qRT-PCR, and it was found that 8 of the 11 miRNAs (let-7f, let-7g, miR142-5p, miR143-3p, miR26a, miR27a-3p, miR27b-3p, and miR126-3p) in the DCM group were significantly up-regulated (all P<0.05). In the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of DCM patients, the area under the curves of serum miR142-5p, miR143-3p, miR27b-3p, and miR126-3p were 0.983, 0.992, 0.915 and 0.950, respectively, which were statistically significantly different from those of the healthy control group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Four serum miRNAs (miR-142-5p, miR-126-3p, miR-143-3p and miR-27b-3p) can distinguish children with DCM from healthy children.Circulating miRNAs are effective in screening DCM children.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798745

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical symptoms and hereditary information of suspicious juvenile neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis (JNCL) and determine the genotype in order to explore the diagnosis clues in the patients with ophthalmologic manifestations being initial symptom.@*Methods@#A case-control study was performed in this study.Two families were included in Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical in 2013 and 2017, respectively.Medical histories were collected and all participants underwent comprehensive ophthalmologic examinations, and the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was obtained.Fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were used to image the retinal signs, and visual electrophysiology was recorded to evaluate the visual function.Genomic DNA of 3 patients who initially visited to ophthalmologists and 5 unaffected family members were extracted.Whole exome sequencing (WES), targeted exome sequencing (TES), Sanger sequencing and comprehensive analyses of pathogenicity were performed to determine the genetic cause of the patients.This study was approved by Ethics Committee of Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University (KYK-2017-7), and written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to any medical examination.@*Results@#All patients presented bull eye sign and disorder of pigment on the fundus photograph, and the retinas were thinning on the OCT image, indicating the diffuse retinal pigment epithelium atrophy of macula and loss of outer layer structure of retina.Three mutations in CLN3 gene were identified by WES, TES, Sanger validation and assessments of pathogenicity, including c. 154T>C(p.Y52H), c.982G>C(p.A328P) and c. 906+ 5G>A, among which p. A328P was a novel mutation.Patients of F1 family harbored the compound heterozygous mutations c. 154T>C (p.Y52H) and c. 982G>C(p.A328P), while proband of F2 family harbored the homozygous splice site mutation c. 906+ 5G>A, which was reported to be a pathogenic mutation of JNCL.Co-segregation and comprehensive pathogenicity analysis revealed that the compound heterozygous mutations in F1 family and the homozygous mutation in a splice site in F2 family were the genetic causes of their phenotypes.@*Conclusions@#A novel mutation in CLN3 gene for JNCL is identified, which expands the mutation spectrum of CLN3 gene.Considering the high clinical heterogeneity of inherited retinal diseases, especially syndromic cases, genetic test through next generation plays a vital role in diagnosis, guiding future treatment and prognostic evaluation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755670

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of urate-lowering therapy ( ULT) on indexes of inflammation, the frequency of gout flares, compliance of ULT, and the achieved rates of serum uric acid in patients at acute stage. Methods 151 patients with acute gout flares were randomly divided into observation group ( 60 cases with ULT in the acute phase) and control group (91 cases with ULT after 2 weeks of complete remission from acute flares). Visual analogue pain scores (VAS), joint swelling scores, white blood cell counts, erythrocyte sedimentation rates (ESR), as well as high sensitive-C reactive protein (hs-CRP) were measured respectively and compared between two groups. The observation group was treated with 40 mg/d of febuxostat for 12 weeks after effectively achieved inflammation ( VAS<3 points) , while the control group was treated with the same therapy after 2 weeks of symptoms complete remission from acute gout flares. Finally, these indexes were followed and recorded, including the number of gout flares, the compliance of ULT, the changes of liver and kidney function, and the proportion of patients with serum uric acid<360μmol/L. Results There was no statistical difference in the baseline condition, VAS pain scores, joint swelling scores, white blood cell counts, ESR, and hs-CRP between two groups after different ULTs ( all P>0.05) . There was no statistical difference in the frequency of gout flares between two groups during the ULT of 12 weeks ( P=0.658) . At the end of 12 weeks, the serum uric acid in the observation group was significantly lower compared with the control group [(318.38±95.16 vs 398.12±120.13)μmol/L,P<0.01]. The compliance rate of ULT and the rate of reaching the standard of serum uric acid<360μmol/L in the observation group were higher than those in the control group ( both P<0.01) . Conclusion The treatment of ULT with patients after effective achieved of acute gout inflammation has no detrimental effects on VAS pain, joint swelling score, the conversion of inflammation index, and the number of gout flares, while improving the compliance of ULT and the achieved rate of serum uric acid.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754833

ABSTRACT

To explore the way of prenatal echocardiography in the diagnosis of fetal double aortic arch . Methods T he data of fetuses diagnosed as double aortic arch in 6 prenatal centers in Hunan in echocardiograms performed at 20-36 weeks of gestation from 2013 to 2018 were reviewed . T he characteristics of echocardiographic with double aortic arch , and the associated malformations were observed ,the clinical outcome were analyzed . Results T he main echocardiographic features of the double aortic arch were three‐vessel‐tracheal view s ,which showed a bifurcation of the ascending aorta and a ring consisted of aortic right and left arch . From this retrospective analysis , 29 double aortic arches were identified ,which 8 cases ( 28% ) combined with cardiac defect and extracardiac abnormalities , 1 case with 22q11 deletion . Among them ,5 cases were confirmed by autopsy ,24 cases were diagnosed by computed tomography angiography ( 8 cases were confirmed by operation ) . Conclusions Systematic prenatal echocardiography in the diagnosis of fetal double aortic arch has significant clinical value in the cliagnose of double aortic arch ,w hether it is associated with other malformations and is important for assessing fetal prognosis .

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 457-462, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751424

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relevance between 18F-FDG PET-CT imaging features and laboratory parameters of multiple myeloma (MM) and its prognostic value. Methods The clinical data of 75 MM patients who received 18F-FDG PET-CT examination at the time of initial diagnosis in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute & Hospital from September 2008 to August 2016 were retrospectively analyzed, including their clinical features, survival time, PET-CT imaging and laboratory results. The correlation between imaging changes and laboratory results was analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to make survival analysis. Results Of 75 patients, there were 48 patients (64.0%) who had lytic bone lesions everywhere of the bodies, especially in axial skeleton. Twenty-six patients (34.7%) had pathological fracture, which were either rib or spinal pathologic fracture. PET-CT at initial diagnosis showed that the osteolytic lesions were associated with anemia (χ2= 0.455, P = 0.032), while pathological fractures were associated with C-reactive protein levels (χ 2 = 0.976, P = 0.007). The existence of pathologic fracture or lytic bone lesions showed no relevance to abnormal cytogenetics, extramedullary lesion, lactic dehydrogenase, albumin or β2-macroglobulin (β2-MG) levels as well as the survival time (all P>0.05). Twenty-eight patients (37.3%) with

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 837-846, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771326

ABSTRACT

To improve the blast resistance of elite rice restorer line Fuhui 673, 3 blast resistance genes Pi-1, Pi-9 and Pi-kh were introduced into Fuhui 673 from a good-quality restorer line Jinhui 1059 through 3 successive backcrosses followed by one selfing using the technique of marker-assisted selection. Ten near-isogenic lines (NILs) of Fuhui 673 carrying the 3 introduced resistance genes were created. Genotype analysis using 68 SSR markers evenly distributed in the genome indicated that 92.96%-98.59% of the NILs' genetic background had been recovered to Fuhui 673. Both indoor and field resistance tests indicated that the NILs and their hybrids with sterile line Yixiang A were all resistant to rice blast, with resistance levels significantly higher than those of controls Fuhui 673 and hybrid Yiyou 673 (Yixiang A  Fuhui 673). In addition, among the 10 hybrids between the NILs and Yixiang A, 2 showed significantly higher yield than and 4 displayed similar yield to that of control Yiyou 673, suggesting that most of the NILs retained the elite characteristics of Fuhui 673. Two new hybrid rice cultivars Liangyou 7283 and Jintaiyou 683 from NIL Line 9 showed high yield, good resistance to blast and moderate growth period in regional trial, suggesting that the NIL Line 9 has a good prospect for application.


Subject(s)
Breeding , Disease Resistance , Genetics , Genes, Plant , Genetics , Oryza , Genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743250

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Hsp22 on phenylephrine-induced cardiomyocytes hypertrophy.Methods Primary rat myocardial cells were isolated and cultured in Department of Cardiology,the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.Cells were divided into four groups randomly:Control group,model group,treatment group with 1 μg/mL Hsp22,and treatment group with 10 μg/mL Hsp22.Phenylephrine stimuli was used to induce cardiomyocytes hypertrophy model.Cell viability was measured by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay.Cardiomyocytes surface area was evaluated by α-actin immunofluorescence staining.Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the transcription level of hypertrophic markers.Reactive oxygen species level was detected by 2',7'-Dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) fluorescent probe.Apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining.Signal pathway protein expression was detected by Western blot.SPSS 13.0 was used for statistical analysis.Data were expressed as mean + standard deviation.All data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA between groups.Comparisons between two groups were performed using LSD-t test.A P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results Different concentrations of Hsp22 had no effect on cardiomyocytes viability (F=6.622;P>0.05).Phenylephrine stimulation significantly increased cardiomyocytes area (t=10.80;P<0.05),increased the transcription level of hypertrophy markers atrial natriuretic peptide (t=37.72;P<0.05),type B natriuretic peptide (t=16.85;P<0.05),and myosin heavy chain beta (t=41.53;P<0.05).Different concentrations of Hsp22 significantly reduced cardiomyocytes area (PE+ 1 μg/mL Hsp22 t=4.018;P<0.05;PE+10 μg/mL Hsp22 t=10.80;P<0.05),reduced the transcription level of hypertrophic markers atrial natriuretic peptide (PE+1 μg/mL Hsp22 t=27.12,P<0.05;PE+10 μg/mL Hsp22 t=37.72,P<0.05),type B natriuretic peptide (PE+1 μg/mL Hsp22 t=4.82,P<0.05;PE+10 μg/mL Hsp22 t=12.74,P<0.05),and myosin heavy chain beta (PE+1 μg/mL Hsp22 t=23.68,P<0.05;PE+10 μg/mL Hsp22 t=30.54,P<0.05).Westem blot showed that Hsp22 increased the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase α (PE+1 μg/mL Hsp22 t=5.89,P<0.05;PE+10 μg/mL Hsp22 t=5.88,P<0.05),reduced mTOR phosphorylation level (PE+1 μg/mL Hsp22 t=16.80,P<0.05;PE+10.μg/mL Hsp22 t=20.46,P<0.05).Conclusions Hsp22 inhibits cardiomyocytes hypertrophy by activating AMP-activated protein kinase α.Hsp22 may become a potential anti-hypertrophic drug.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 117-124, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810464

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the efficacy of induction chemotherapy with or without autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) for newly diagnosed young diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients.@*Methods@#The retrospective study was performed in 90 cases of young patients (≤60 years) with newly diagnosed DLBCL and an age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (aa-IPI) score of 2 or 3. All of them were treated with R-CHOP (32 cases, rituximab combined with CHOP), dose-intensive regimens (DA-EPOCH, Hyper CVAD/MA or ESHAP) combined with or without rituximab (25 cases), and consolidated with up-front auto-HSCT (33 cases), respectively. The efficacy and the potential predictors were evaluated.@*Results@#①The median age of 90 patients was 43 (18-60) years old. The median follow-up time was 42 (3-110) months. ②The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) for R-CHOP group, dose-intensive chemotherapy group and auto-HSCT group were (33.5±10.7) %, (55.3±10.1) % and (65.8±13.6) % (P=0.012), the 5-year overall survival (OS) were (49.7±9.0) %, (61.6±10.2) % and (78.6±7.8) % (P=0.035), respectively. There was no significant difference in 5-years PFS and OS between the R-CHOP group and dose-intensive chemotherapy group (P=0.519, P=0.437) compared with that of the dose-intensive chemotherapy group, auto-HSCT group has higher 5-year PFS (P=0.042). ③ When stratified with IPI score, the high-risk group treated with auto-HSCT (26 cases) showed similar 5-years PFS and 5-years OS to those in the low-risk group with chemotherapy alone (12 cases were in R-CHOP group and 8 cases were in dose-intensive chemotherapy group) [5-years PFS were (62.3 ±14.3)%, (58.3 ±18.6)% and (51.4±18.7)%, respectively, P=0.686; 5-years OS were (69.2±13.9)%, (62.5±15.5)% and (58.3±18.6)%, respectively, P=0.592]. ④However, the high-risk group treated with auto-HSCT (26 cases) showed superior 5-years PFS (P=0.002) and 5-years OS (P=0.019) compared to the high-risk group with chemotherapy alone (20 cases were in R-CHOP group and 17 cases were in dose-intensive chemotherapy group) [5-years PFS were (62.3±14.3)%, (41.1±13.5)% and (21.9±11.6)%, respectively; 5-years OS were (69.2±13.9)%, (51.5%±14.0)% and (35.4±13.6)%, respectively]. ⑤In the univariate analysis, as a whole, patients diagnosed with GCB subtype had higher 3-years PFS (P=0.022) and 3-years OS (P=0.037) compared to non-GCB subtype patients; in subgroup analysis, patients diagnosed with GCB subtype had higher 3-years PFS and 3-years OS compared to non-GCB subtype both in R-CHOP group (P=0.030, P=0.041) and dose-intensive chemotherapy group (P=0.044, P=0.047), but not in auto-HSCT group (P=0.199, P=0.093). ⑥In the multivariate analysis, different molecular classification (GCB/non-GCB) was an independent predictor for PFS and OS both in R-CHOP group [HR=0.274 (95% CI 0.094-0.800), P=0.018; HR=0.408 (95% CI 0.164-1.015), P=0.045] and dose-intensive chemotherapy group [HR=0.423 (95% CI 0.043-1.152), P=0.048; HR=5.758 (95% CI 0.882-6.592), P=0.035]. However, there was no significant difference in PFS and OS for auto-HSCT group between GCB/non-GCB patients.@*Conclusion@#Induction chemotherapy followed by up-front auto-HSCT has significant effect on efficacy for young and untreated patients with high risk DLBCL. Combined with induction chemotherapy followed by up-front auto-HSCT could improve the prognosis of non-GCB patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815686

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the health risk associated with drinking water in Hangzhou from 2016 to 2017,and to provide evidence for the safety of drinking water .@*Methods@#The monitoring data of 5 genetic toxic substances(arsenic,hexavalent chromium,cadmium,chloroform,tetrachloromethane)and 13 body toxic substances(lead,mercury,selenium,cyanide,fluoride,nitrate,iron,ammonia nitrogen,manganese,copper,zinc,aluminum,volatile phenol)from 36 source water samples,36 finished water samples and 288 tap water samples in the main urban areas of Hangzhou were collected from 2016 to 2017. The health risk of drinking water containing the chemical pollutants mentioned above were assessed based on the evaluation models recommended by United States Environmental Protection Agency .@*Results@#The concentrations of 5 genetic toxic substances and 13 body toxic substances in source water,finished water and tap water were all within the reference limits issued by Standards for Drinking Water Quality(GB 5749—2006). The carcinogenic risk,non-carcinogenic risk and total health risk caused by the chemical pollutants in the source water were 2.18×10-5/a,7.75×10-9/a and 2.18×10-5/a. The carcinogenic risk,non-carcinogenic risk and the total health risk caused by the chemical pollutants in the finished water were 1.08×10-5/a,3.70×10-9/a and 1.08×10-5/a. The carcinogenic risk,non-carcinogenic risk and total health risk caused by the chemical pollutants in the tap water were 1.96×10-5/a,3.61×10-9/a and 1.96×10-5/a. The carcinogenic risk and total health risk caused by chemical pollutants ranged from high to low in the source water,tap water and finished water. The non-carcinogenic risks ranged from high to low in the source water,finished water and tap water .@*Conclusion@#The health risks of 18 chemical pollutants in drinking water in Hangzhou were at a low level,with the greater carcinogenic risk than the non-carcinogenic risk. Hexavalent chromium had the highest carcinogenic risk,while fluoride and aluminum had the highest non-carcinogenic risk.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 937-942, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738075

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the acceptability of oral quick HIV self-testing in men who have sex with men (MSM).Methods From April 2013 to April 2014,MSM in Beijing and Nanning of China were recruited for an observational study including baseline survey and follow-up,including questionnaire survey,oral HIV self-testing and clinic-based HIV confirmation testing.The sensitivity and specificity of oral quick self-testing were evaluated through comparing the results of oral quick testing with blood testing.The acceptability and associated factors were evaluated by logistic model.Results A total of 510 MSM were recruited at baseline survey and 279 accepted follow-up.The sensitivity of the oral self-test was 86.00% (43/50) and specificity was 98.23% (445/453) at baseline survey.At baseline survey,78.63% (401/510) of the MSM showed willingness to use oral quick HIV self-testing.The associated factors included unprotected anal intercourse with a regular male partner in the past 6 months (aOR=0.30,95% CI:0.10-1.00) and preference of oral quick HIV self-testing (aOR=7.32,95%CI:1.61-33.31).At baseline survey,34.51% (176/510) of the MSM reported that oral quick HIV self-testing was the preferred testing method rather than blood testing,which was associated with their birth places-urban area.Conclusion The acceptability of oral quick HIV self-testing in MSM in the two cities was high.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 937-942, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736607

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the acceptability of oral quick HIV self-testing in men who have sex with men (MSM).Methods From April 2013 to April 2014,MSM in Beijing and Nanning of China were recruited for an observational study including baseline survey and follow-up,including questionnaire survey,oral HIV self-testing and clinic-based HIV confirmation testing.The sensitivity and specificity of oral quick self-testing were evaluated through comparing the results of oral quick testing with blood testing.The acceptability and associated factors were evaluated by logistic model.Results A total of 510 MSM were recruited at baseline survey and 279 accepted follow-up.The sensitivity of the oral self-test was 86.00% (43/50) and specificity was 98.23% (445/453) at baseline survey.At baseline survey,78.63% (401/510) of the MSM showed willingness to use oral quick HIV self-testing.The associated factors included unprotected anal intercourse with a regular male partner in the past 6 months (aOR=0.30,95% CI:0.10-1.00) and preference of oral quick HIV self-testing (aOR=7.32,95%CI:1.61-33.31).At baseline survey,34.51% (176/510) of the MSM reported that oral quick HIV self-testing was the preferred testing method rather than blood testing,which was associated with their birth places-urban area.Conclusion The acceptability of oral quick HIV self-testing in MSM in the two cities was high.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743213

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the prognostic value of simplified revised Geneva Prognostic Score (sGPS), Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI) and simplified Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (sPESI) in patients with acute pulmonary thromboembolism(PTE). Methods A retrospective cohort study was carried out on 276 consecutive patients with identified acute PTE admitted to our hospital from January 1997 to December 2016. We dichotomized patients as low vs. high risk in all three scoring systems. The 30-day mortality of the patients were used as prognostic factors. The prognostic value of each scoring system was evaluated by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC). Results (1) The overall 30-day mortality of 276 patients with acute PTE was 22.5%. The 30-day mortality of patients in low vs. high risk groups according to sGPS, PESI and sPESI were 7.6%vs. 47.1%, 1.0% vs. 34.3%, 2.4% vs. 30.9%, respectively. The 30-day mortality of patients in high risk groups according to sGPS, PESI and sPESI were significantly higher than those of patients in low risk groups(P<0.01). The 30-day mortality of patients in low risk groups according to sGPS and PESI were significantly different(P=0.020). The 30-day mortality of patients in high risk groups according to sGPS were significantly different from those of patients in high risk groups according to PESI and sPESI, respectively (P=0.033, P=0.006). (2) The areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for evaluating the prognosis of patients with acute PTE according to sGPS, PESI and sPESI were 0.824, 0.891 and 0.846, respectively. The specificity (84.6%), the accuracy (84.4%) and the positive predictive value (61.2%) of PESI were the highest among the three prediction rules, the sensitivity (83.9%) and the negative predictive value (94.8%) of PESI were also relatively high. The negative predictive value of sPESI (98.6%) was the highest among the three prediction rules. Conclusions PESI can be more accurate for the overall risk stratification of patients with acute PTE, while sPESI is more helpful for identifying those patients with acute PTE who can be discharged early.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813163

ABSTRACT

To evaluate relationship of maternal hepatic vein Doppler flow parameters and cardiac output (CO) with neonatal birth weight in uncomplicated pregnancies (UP) and pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction (FGR) .
 Methods: Hepatic vein impedance index (HVI), venous pulse transit time (VPTT), and CO were measured in women with UP at the 14th-37th weeks and complicated by FGR at the 26th-37th weeks who underwent maternal hepatic hemodynamic and echocardiographic examination during the ultrasonography. After delivery, the birth weight and the birth weight percentile of each neonate in this study were recorded. Correlations among HVI, VPTT, and CO were analyzed.
 Results: In the UP group, HVI, VPTT, and CO changed with the increase of gestation. In the FGR group, HVI was higher, VPTT was shorter, CO and neonatal birth weight were obviously lower than those in the UP at the 26th-37th weeks (P<0.05).
 Conclusion: There is a series of adaptive changes in hepatic venous hemodynamics and CO in UP with the increase of gestation to meet the demand of fetal growth, while the maladaptive changes in hepatic venous hemodynamics and CO in pregnant woman may contribute to FGR.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Cardiac Output , Female , Fetal Development , Physiology , Fetal Growth Retardation , Hemodynamics , Physiology , Hepatic Veins , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
18.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 697-701, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881736

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of psychological capital on occupational stress of employees in labor-intensive electronic enterprises. METHODS: A total of 1 723 employees in 5 labor-intensive electronic enterprises were selected as study subjects by cluster sampling method. The Psychological Capital Questionnaire and Simple Job Stress Questionnaire were used to investigate their psychological capital and job demand-control( JDC) occupational stress. The effect of psychological capital on occupational stress was analyzed. RESULTS: Total average score of psychological capital of the study subjects was( 4. 4 ± 0. 7). The average scores of self-efficacy,hope,resilience,optimism dimensions were( 4. 3 ± 0. 9),( 4. 5 ± 0. 8),( 4. 5 ± 0. 8) and( 4. 4 ± 0. 7),respectively. The proportions of active,relaxed,nervous and passive occupational stress accounted for 24. 2%,24. 7%,23. 5% and 27. 6% respectively. The detection rate of JDC mode high occupational stress was 68. 7%( 1 184/1 723). The proportion of active occupational stress of the low-psychologicalcapital group was lower( 28. 3% vs 20. 2%,P < 0. 001),the proportion of passive occupational stress was higher( 23. 4% vs 31. 7%,P < 0. 001),the positive rate of JDC high occupational stress was higher( 63. 3% vs 74. 1%,P <0. 01),compared with the high-psychological-capital group. The multivariate logistic analysis showed that the risk of JDC high occupational stress in the low-psychological-capital group was higher than that in the high-psychological-capital group( P < 0. 01),after eliminating the confounding factors such as length of service,education level and personal monthly income. CONCLUSION: The psychological capital of employees in labor-intensive electronics enterprises was associated with the occupational stress of the JDC model. The occupational stress can be reduced by improving the psychological capital of workers.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706848

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy between chemotherapy plus granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and chemotherapy plus G-CSF and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) for the mobilization of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) and hematopoietic recovery after transplantation in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Methods: A retrospective study of autologous PBSC (APBSC) mobilization data of 56 MM patients who were treated with chemotherapy plus G-CSF or chemotherapy plus G-CSF and GM-CSF from May 2008 to July 2016 in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital was conducted. The mobilization efficacy and hematopoietic recovery were analyzed. Results: In the univariate analysis, the successful collection rate of a single harvest in women and in patients with ISS stage Ⅲ and R-ISS stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ and treated with chemotherapy plus G-CSF was lower (P<0.05). However, age (≤60 years vs.>60 years), subtype, D-S staging (Ⅰ+Ⅱvs.Ⅲ), number of cycles of chemotherapy before mobilization (≤6 cycles vs.>6 cycles), disease phase before mobilization (PR vs. CR), and interval between diagnosis and mobilization (≤18 months vs.>18 months) were not correlated with CD34+ cell collection and successful mobilization rates (P>0.05). In the multivariate model, the successful mobilization rate in patients who received the chemotherapy plus G-CSF and GM-CSF mobilization regimen was higher (OR=12.009, 95% CI=1.961-73.537). The effect of mobilization regimens remained significant (P=0.007). Hematopoietic recovery without transplantation-related mortality occurred successfully in all patients. Conclusions: Chemotherapy plus G-CSF and GM-CSF mobilization regimens can significantly increase the effect of APBSC mobilization and ensure the recovery of hematopoietic function after transplantation. Chemotherapy plus G-CSF and GM-CSF mobilization regimens are safe and effective for mobilizing APBSCs.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514720

ABSTRACT

Objective To study and compare the efficacy and safety of meropenem and imipenem cilastatin in the treatment of elderly patients with pulmonary infection.Methods A total of 124 elderly patients with pulmonary infection treated in our hospital were chosen.They were randomly divided into two groups.61 patients in the control group were treated with imipenem cilastatin, and 63 patients in the study group were treated with meropenem injection.After two weeks of treatment, the clearance rate of the pathogens, the effective rate of treatment and the incidence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.Results The clearance rate of pathogens in the study group was 98.41%, significantly higher than the control group (88.52%).There was no significant difference in effective rate between the study group (98.41%) and the control group(93.44%).There was no significant difference in incidence of adverse reactions between the study group (7.94%) and the control group (13.11%).Conclusion Meropenem or imipenem cilastatin has similar effective rate and adverse reactions , while meropenem could effectively eradicate bacterial infection in the treatment of pulmonary infection in elderly patients.

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