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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 822-827, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016531

ABSTRACT

The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway plays an important role in the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma and its tumor microenvironment, and abnormal activation of Hh signal can accelerate the growth of tumor. The crosstalk between the Hh signaling pathway and TME is closely associated with tumor growth and the formation of inhibitory tumor microenvironment. Evidence shows that inhibition of Hh signal plays an important role in inhibiting the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma. This article reviews the current research status of the role, mechanism, and potential therapeutic significance of abnormal activation of Hh signal in hepatocellular carcinoma and its tumor microenvironment, so as to provide new ideas for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 50-53, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy and adverse reactions of fractional radiofrequency (FRF) in the treatment of facial acne scars.Methods:Fifty-seven patients with facial acne depressed scars were enrolled with the nature of Dreno scars as the diagnostic criteria. They were treated with lattice radiofrequency. The treatment heads were arranged in a matrix with a treatment area of 1.2 cm ×1.2 cm, an energy density of 80-100 mJ/pin, and an interval of five-seven once a week. And they were followed up and evaluated for the clinical efficacy and adverse reactions 6 months after the last treatment. Scoring was carried out according to the ECCA weight scores, and the efficacy judged according to complete improvement, significant improvement, moderate improvement, and mild improvement.Results:After 3 times of fractional radiofrequency treatment of 57 patients, the effective rate was 44 cases, accounting for 77.2%; the ECCA weight scores before and after treatment were 65.9±25.0 and 47.7±20.2, respectively; the difference was statistically significant ( t=13.92, P<0.001); At the same time of improvement, 32 cases of patients' complexion, fineness of pores, and skin elasticity had been improved to varying degrees, and patient satisfaction was high. Adverse reactions were mainly mild burning sensation, erythema and edema, and some patients had pale yellow exudate, etc, which could be relieved in 5-7 days. Conclusions:Fractional radiofrequency treatment of facial acne scars is safe and effective, with short recovery period, few adverse reactions and high patient satisfaction.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 47-54, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992572

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of percutaneous screw-rod system combined with sacroiliac screw internal fixation and non-operation of type II-IV fragility fracture of the pelvis (FFP).Methods:A retrospective multicentral cohort study was performed to analyze the clinical data of 74 patients with FFP treated in Jiangjin Central Hospital of Chongqing and Hechuan People′s Hospital of Chongqing from January 2017 to June 2021, including 23 males and 51 females, aged 62-95 years [(79.3±7.3)years]. A total of 41 patients received non-surgical treatment (non-operation group). and 33 patients received percutaneous screw-rod system combined with sacroiliac screw internal fixation (operation group). The time to get out of bed, visual analog scale (VAS) and Majeed score on admission and at 1, 3, 6, 12 months after treatment, fracture healing time and complications were evaluated in the two groups.Results:Except for 9 patients who died at 3-9 months after treatment, the remaining patients were followed up for 12-24 months [(13.5±3.2)months]. The time to get out of bed was (11.4±2.8)days in operation group and was (67.4±4.4)days in non-operation group ( P<0.01). The VAS and Majeed score at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment were significantly improved in both groups compared with those on admission (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS and Majeed score between the two groups on admission (all P>0.05). The VAS was (3.2±0.7)points in operation group compared to (4.2±0.8)points in non-operation group at 1 month after treatment, and was (1.8±0.5)points in operation group compared to (2.9±0.7)points in non-operation group at 3 months after treatment (all P<0.01). The Majeed score was (56.0±2.4)points in operation group compared to (40.4±2.7)points in non-operation group at 1 month after treatment; the score was (77.3±2.6)points in operation group compared to (57.7±4.2)points in non-operation group at 3 months after treatment; the score was (86.5±1.8)points in operation group compared to (79.6±2.8)points in non-operation group at 6 months after treatment (all P<0.01). In contrast, the two groups had no statistically significant difference in VAS at 6 months and 12 months after treatment and Majeed score at 12 months after treatment (all P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the fracture healing time between the two groups ( P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of complications related to fixation methods between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of bed-related complications was 24.2% (8/33) in operation group and was 51.2% (21/41) in non-operation group ( P<0.05). The 1-year fatality rate was 3.0% (1/33) in operation group and 19.5% (8/41) in non-operation group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with non-operative treatment, percutaneous screw-rod system combined with sacroiliac screw internal fixation in the treatment of type II-IV FFP can allow early off-bed movement, effectively relieve pain, improve quality of life of the patients, and reduce complication rate.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 685-689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991389

ABSTRACT

Objective:Molecular biology experimental technology has become an important basic tool for exploring biology and medicine and other related disciplines. We aim to explore an effective molecular biology experimental teaching model which will definitely improve students' molecular biology experimental skills and autonomous learning ability.Methods:Guided by the theory of constructivism, with the molecular biology experimental course as the carrier, and with the basic requirements of constructing the basic molecular biology experimental technology of the system, a teaching platform was established to guide students to preview the experiment independently; the physical experimental projects were integrated and optimized and the virtual simulation experimental projects were increased, with virtuality and reality, to improve students' molecular biology experimental skills and autonomous learning ability.Results:An online teaching platform has been established, which effectively guides and improves the effect of students' preview experiments, and cultivates the ability of autonomous learning. Besides, the experimental teaching mode combining optimization of physical experimental projects and virtual simulation experimental projects significantly improved students' molecular biology experimental operation skills and problem-solving ability.Conclusion:A constructivism-based teaching mode of combining virtual and real molecular biology has been established, which is an effective way to improve students' molecular biology experimental skills and autonomous learning ability.

5.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 92-95, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965191

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influencing factors of renal injury in elderly patients with cor pulmonale, and to provide information for the prevention of renal injury in patients with cor pulmonale. Methods A total of 309 elderly patients with cor pulmonale over 60 years old treated in our hospital from June 2019 to December 2020 were included in the study. According to the patients with renal injury , they were divided into cor pulmonale renal injury group (case group) and cor pulmonale non renal injury group (control group). The basic information of the two groups and the influencing factors of potential renal injury in the past were collected, The influencing factors of renal injury in elderly patients with cor pulmonale were analyzed by univariate analysis and regression model. Results The single factor analysis of the case group was higher than that of the control group, with a male age of 80 years, smoking history, family history of diabetes, concurrent infection, diabetes mellitus and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) 80 years old (or = 3.142), smoking history (or=2.115) , concurrent infection (or=4.263) , and excessive systolic blood pressure (or=2.279) were the risk factors potentially increasing the risk of renal injury, which were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion Elderly patients with cor pulmonale over 80 years old , with smoking history and abnormal blood pressure , as well as those complicated with infection , have an increased risk of renal injury. It is worthy of clinical attention and relevant preventive measures to improve the prognosis of patients.

6.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e51-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938405

ABSTRACT

Background@#Due to the unavailability of an effective vaccine or antiviral drug against the African swine fever virus (ASFV), rapid diagnosis methods are needed to prevent highly contagious African swine fever. @*Objectives@#The objective of this study was to establish the ladder-shape melting temperature isothermal amplification (LMTIA) assay for the detection of ASFV. @*Methods@#LMTIA primers were designed with the p72 gene of ASFV as the target, and plasmid pUC57 was used to clone the gene. The LMTIA reaction system was optimized with the plasmid as the positive control, and the performance of the LMTIA assay was compared with that of the commercial real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) kit in terms of sensitivity and detection rate using 200 serum samples. @*Results@#Our results showed that the LMTIA assay could detect the 10 4 dilution of DNA extracted from the positive reference serum sample, which was the same as that of the commercial real-time PCR kit. The coincidence rate between the two assays was 100%. @*Conclusions@#The LMTIA assay had high sensitivity, good detection, and simple operation. Thus, it is suitable for facilitating preliminary and cost-effective surveillance for the prevention and control of ASFV.

7.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 16-19, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933504

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare efficacy and safety of 308-nm SQ light-emitting diode (LED) light versus 308-nm excimer light in the treatment of facial vitiligo.Methods:Patients with stable facial vitiligo were retrospectively collected from Department of Physical Therapy, Hospital of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from June 2018 to June 2020, who received treatment with 308-nm SQ LED light (LED group) or 308-nm excimer light (excimer light group). The treatment was performed once or twice a week, and patients who had received more than 8 sessions of treatment were included in the analysis of efficacy and safety. Statistical analysis was carried out by using chi-square test.Results:Totally, 68 patients with 90 lesions were enrolled into the LED group, including 36 males and 32 females, aged 25.01 ± 13.37 years; 20 patients with 28 lesions were enrolled into the excimer light group, including 13 males and 7 females, aged 27.15 ± 14.30 years. After 8 and 16 sessions of treatment, there was no significant difference in the response rate between the LED group (23.33%, 46.67%, respectively) and excimer light group (14.29%, 46.43%, χ2 = 1.05, < 0.001, respectively, both P > 0.05). During the treatment, 36 (52.94%) patients in the LED group developed persistent erythema, 17 (85%) in the excimer light group developed persistent erythema or blisters. The incidence of adverse reactions was significantly lower in the LED group than in the excimer light group ( χ2 = 16.43, P < 0.001) . Conclusion:Compared with the 308-nm excimer light, the 308-nm SQ LED light showed similar effect but higher safety for the treatment of facial vitiligo.

8.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 537-542, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958436

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) in China and analyze the causes, to guide the formulation and implementation of technology standard.Methods:The survey task force sent out a nationwide survey to obtain up-to-date information on perfusion practice by ChSECC(Chinese Society of Extracorporeal Circulation). The unit of analysis for the survey was the medical center performs CPB. The survey consisted 48 questions covering four topics of qualifications, including certification and education, policies and practices, device and equipment, techniques used.Results:There were 540 of the 714 centers for an overall response rate of 76%. According to the annual number of CPB, they were divided into 4 groups: group A(≤50 cases/year), group B(50-100 cases/year), group C(100-500 cases/year) and group D(≥500 cases/year). The response rate of center with more than group D last year was 100%. Most of the perfusionists had certification issued by ChSECC. Although there were more than 80% of group D performed regular training and assessment of perfusionist, the result was still not ideal enough. Low utilization of safety equipment was not depend on the annual operation volume in most of responding centers. Ultrafiltration and blood protection technology had high application rate in group D compared with group A and B.Conclusion:The certification rate of perfusionists are high. Lower the number of annual CPB cases, lower the proportion of regular evaluation and training, and lower rate of standards performance. No matter the amount of CPB, the application rate of safety equipment is not ideal. Higher the number of CPB cases, higher the utilization rate of CPB related technologies.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 996-999, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886309

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate response to public health emergencies in colleges and universities and associated factors, and to provide references for emergency response mechanisms in colleges.@*Methods@#Using stratified random sampling, recruited 7 719 students in 6 universities in Shandong Province during April May 2020, and analyzed the data with SPSS 25.0 software.@*Results@#About 65.5% of college students reported response to public health emergencies in their college, 67.7% of the students reported that colleges have emergency plans, 53.9% of the students reported that colleges have carried out simulated emergency training, and 64.7% of the students reported that colleges have carried out health education. Evaluation from students for responding to public health emergencies in colleges and universities scored(24.15±4.59), of which measures and policies related to epidemic control were highest(4.05±0.81), while mental health education or counselling services were lowest (3.95±0.85). Gender, grade, major, type of household registration, emergency response measures, emergency response plan, emergency simulation training, health education were associated with the evaluation of the measures by college students(t/F=5.04,43.83,79.92,-3.40,26.86,34.83,29.35,35.01,P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#While recognizing the overall performance on public health responses in universities, college students believe certain limitations still exist; colleges and universities should continuously improve the emergency prevention and control system of public health emergencies in response to the effectiveness and deficiencies in the prevention and control process.

10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 546-549, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908824

ABSTRACT

The molecular biology experiment course plays a bridge role in the biotechnology curriculum system, and has important effect in training students' experimental operation skills, analyzing difficulties and solving problems. This article takes the biotechnology major of local medical colleges as an example to analyze and elaborate the assessment method reform and effect in the teaching process of molecular biology experimental course, aiming at promoting the teaching level of molecular biology experimental courses and improving the training quality of biotechnology professionals.

11.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 373-384, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891239

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Real-time detection and intervention can be used as potential measures to markedly decrease breast cancer mortality. Assessment of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) may offer great benefits for the management of breast cancer over time. However, the use of ctDNA to predict the effectiveness of neoadjuvant treatment and recurrence of breast cancer has rarely been studied. @*Methods@#We prospectively recruited 31 breast cancer patients with 4 subtypes. Three time points were set in this study, including before any therapy (C1), during surgery (T), and six months after surgery (C2). We collected peripheral blood samples from all 31 patients at C1, tumor tissue from all 31 patients at T, and peripheral blood samples from 25 patients at C2. Targeted 727-gene panel sequencing was performed on ctDNA from all blood samples and tissue DNA from all tissue samples. Somatic mutations were detected and analyzed using a reference standard pipeline. Statistical analysis was performed to identify possible associations between ctDNA profiles and clinical outcomes. @*Results@#In total, we detected 159, 271, and 70 somatic mutations in 30 C1 samples, 31 T samples, and 12 C2 samples, respectively. We identified specific genes, such as PIK3CA, TP53, and KMT2C, which were highly mutated in the tissue samples. Furthermore, mutated KMT2C observed in ctDNA of the C2 samples may be an indicator of breast cancer recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Our study highlights the potential of ctDNA analysis at different timepoints for assessing tumor progression and treatment effectiveness, as well as prediction of breast cancer recurrence.

12.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 48-50, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798638

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical features of pneumoconiosis complicated with spontaneous pneumothorax to improve the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.@*Methods@#Analyze the clinical characteristics and treatment of 350 cases of pneumoconiosis complicated with spontaneous pneumothorax in Hunan Prevention and Treatment Institute for Occupational Diseases from May 2016 to May 2018.@*Results@#In 350 patients, 22 cases are pneumoconiosis stage I, accounting for 6.3%, 26 cases are pneumoconiosis stage Ⅱ, accounting for 7.4%, 302 cases were pneumoconiosis stage Ⅲ, accounting for 86.3%.168 cases were recurrent pneumothorax, the recurrence rate was as high as 48%.There were 232 cases occurred in winter and spring, accounting for 66.3%. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pulmonary infection were 54.9% and 47.4%, respectively. 233 patients were treated with basic therapy such as high flow oxygen therapy, with an effective rate of 93.1%. 114 cases were treated with thoracic closed drainage, with an effective rate of 86%.@*Conclusion@#Spontaneous pneumothorax is a common complication of pneumoconiosis with high recurrence rate. According to the different conditions to give different treatments in a timely manner can achieve better results.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 512-518, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870985

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current situation of vascular access selection in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients in Shanxi Province, and analyze the factors affecting vascular access selection and risk factors of death in MHD patients.Methods:MHD patients with clear vascular access information in Shanxi Province from January 2014 to December 2018 were enrolled in this study. The clinical data of patients were collected. The vascular access information of the selected candidates was clear. Multivariate logistic regression equation method was used to analyze the influencing factors of vascular access and the risk factors of death in MHD patients.Results:Among the 10.236 patients with MHD, 9.130 patients (89.2%) selected autologous arteriovenous fistula (AVF) as vascular access, and 5.138 patients (50.2%) chose tunnel-free and non-polyester sheath central venous catheter (NCC) for the first dialysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the primary disease of diabetic nephropathy ( OR=0.517, 95% CI 0.281-0.796, P<0.001) and dialysis age<1 year ( OR=0.483, 95% CI 0.219-0.811, P<0.001) were the influencing factors of patients with MHD who did not to choose AVF. Primary disease of diabetic nephropathy ( OR=2.242, 95% CI 1.816-2.828, P<0.001), and using of central vein catheter ( OR=1.785, 95% CI 1.237-2.579, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of death in MHD patients. Conclusions:AVF is the first choice for MHD patients in Shanxi Province. There is higher proportion of the use of NCC as the first dialysis vascular access. Primary disease of diabetic nephropathy and dialysis age<1 year are the influencing factors for MHD patients not to choose AVF. Primary disease of diabetic nephropathy and use of central vein catheter may increase the risk of death in MHD patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 805-811, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of implementation of prevention from mother-to-child transmission of syphilis in Minhang district of Shanghai from 2013 to 2019.Methods:The data of 284 pregnant women with syphilis infection diagnosed by 6 midwifery medical institutions in Minhang District from January 2013 to December 2019, were collected from the database of national management information system for prevention of mother to child transmission of AIDS, syphilis and hepatitis B. Among them there were 1 case of spontaneous abortion, 4 cases of ectopic pregnancy, 42 cases of lost follow-up; the remaining 237 parturients were included in this study. The Implementation Program of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of AIDS, syphilis and hepatitis B (2015 edition) has been implemented since 2015 in Minhang district. The maternal and neonatal outcomes between the period of 2013-2015 (before program implemented, 123 cases) and the period of 2016-2019 (after program implemented, 114 cases) were compared. Results:Between 2013 and 2019, the syphilis detection rate of pregnant women remained 100.00% (100 761/100 761). The detection rates during pregnancy before and after program implementation were 95.92% (51 855/54 288) and 98.87% (45 949/46 473); the prevalence rate of syphilis was 2.93‰ (159/54 288) and 2.69‰ (125/46 473), respectively. The rate of anti-syphilis treatment was 62.60% (77/123) and 85.96% (98/114), the standard treatment rate was 20.33% (25/123) and 49.12% (56/114), the neonatal preventive treatment proportion/rate was 1/12 and 94.74% (72/76). The detection rate during pregnancy, anti-syphilis treatment rate, standardized treatment rate and neonatal preventive treatment rate after program implementation were significantly higher than those of before implementation (χ 2=988.88, 16.72, 21.81, 54.72, all P<0.01). The rate of non- Treponema pallidum antigen titer ≥ 1∶8 was 36.89% (38/103) and 17.48% (18/103), respectively in two periods; the incidence of neonatal adverse health problems was 21.49% (26/121) and 6.03% (7/116); congenital syphilis report incidence rate was 152.12/100 000 live births (83/54 562) and 23.46/100 000 live births (11/46 890), respectively. All these indicators showed a significant reduction (χ 2=9.81, 11.80, 45.10, all P<0.01). The treatment rate of pregnant women with previously diagnosed syphilis infection was 63.27% (62/98), which was lower than that of those with initially diagnosed (81.29%, 113/139) ( cOR=2.52, 95 %CI: 1.40-4.56, χ 2=9.672, P<0.01). Among whose with lost follow-up, the floating pregnant women accounted for 92.86% (39/42), 57.14% (24/42) of whom were unable to contact and 30.95% (13/42) refused to be followed up. Conclusions:After the implementation of prevention program, the rates of detection and diagnosis, standardized treatment, neonatal preventive treatment, as well as the maternal and neonatal outcomes of pregnant women with syphilis infection have been significantly improved in Minhang district of Shanghai.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 503-508, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867743

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the therapeutic effect of lateral position and half lithotomy position in Asian proximal femur intramedullary nail antirotation system (PFNA-II) for treating the elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fractures.Methods:A retrospective case control study was made on 141 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fractures admitted to Jiangjin Central Hospital from January 2016 to September 2017, including 54 males and 87 females, aged 65-99 years (mean, 80.4 years). According to AO classification, there were 42 patients with type A1 fractures, 88 with type A2 and 11 with type A3. Of all, 74 patients were stabilized by PFNA-II internal fixation in lateral position (lateral position group) and 67 patients by PFNA-II internal fixation in half lithotomy position (half lithotomy position group). The postural placement time, total incision length, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy frequency, tip-apex distance, reduction quality, fracture healing time, postoperative complications and Harris hip function at 12 months after surgery were compared between the two groups.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-18 months (mean, 12.5 months), except that 13 patients were lost after 9 months, an average of 12.5 months. There were no statistically significant differences in postural placement time, operative time, fracture healing time, and Harris hip score between the two groups ( P>0.05). While significant differences were seen between lateral position group and half lithotomy position group regarding the incision length [(6.5±1.3)cm vs. (7.5±1.5)cm], intraoperative blood loss [(84.3±3.1)ml vs. (90.4±3.9)ml], fluoroscopy frequency [(13.1±1.9)times vs. (11.2±1.2)times], tip-apex distance [(20. 6±2.2)mm vs. (24.4±1.8)mm], good rate of reduction quality (80% vs. 85%) and implant related complications (5% vs. 2%) ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Conclusion:For treatment of elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures, compared to the lateral position, the half lithotomy position in PFNA-II internal fixation can reduce frequency of fluoroscopy, improve quality of fracture reduction and reduce implant-related complications.

16.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 373-384, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898943

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Real-time detection and intervention can be used as potential measures to markedly decrease breast cancer mortality. Assessment of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) may offer great benefits for the management of breast cancer over time. However, the use of ctDNA to predict the effectiveness of neoadjuvant treatment and recurrence of breast cancer has rarely been studied. @*Methods@#We prospectively recruited 31 breast cancer patients with 4 subtypes. Three time points were set in this study, including before any therapy (C1), during surgery (T), and six months after surgery (C2). We collected peripheral blood samples from all 31 patients at C1, tumor tissue from all 31 patients at T, and peripheral blood samples from 25 patients at C2. Targeted 727-gene panel sequencing was performed on ctDNA from all blood samples and tissue DNA from all tissue samples. Somatic mutations were detected and analyzed using a reference standard pipeline. Statistical analysis was performed to identify possible associations between ctDNA profiles and clinical outcomes. @*Results@#In total, we detected 159, 271, and 70 somatic mutations in 30 C1 samples, 31 T samples, and 12 C2 samples, respectively. We identified specific genes, such as PIK3CA, TP53, and KMT2C, which were highly mutated in the tissue samples. Furthermore, mutated KMT2C observed in ctDNA of the C2 samples may be an indicator of breast cancer recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Our study highlights the potential of ctDNA analysis at different timepoints for assessing tumor progression and treatment effectiveness, as well as prediction of breast cancer recurrence.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 23-27, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the therapeutic effects of microdissection tungsten needle and high-frequency electrosurgical generator on open thyroid surgery.Methods:95 patients who underwent open thyroid surgery from Jan. 2017 to Dec. 2017 in the Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Daping Hospital of Army Military Medical University were divided into microdissection tungsten needle group ( n=50) and high-frequency electrosurgical generator group ( n=45) according to different methods. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage volume, postoperative complication rate and recurrence and metastasis rate of the two groups were compared. Results:There were no significant differences in operation time (79.3±14.7 vs 73.7±13.9, t=1.914, P=0.059) , intraoperative blood loss (31.8±9.7 vs 30.3±10.6, t=0.702, P=0.484) and postoperative drainage volume (67.3±13.0 vs 71.3±10.8, t=-1.650, P=0.102) between the two groups ( P>0.05) . There were significant differences between the two groups in temporary recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury (2% vs 17.8%,χ 2=5.518, P=0.023) and temporary hypoparathyroidism (18% vs 44%,χ 2=7.810, P=0.005) , and the results of the microdissection tungsten needle group were better than high-frequency electrosurgical generator group ( P<0.05) . There were no permanent RLN and permanent hypoparathyroidism in the two groups. There were no recurrence and metastasis during the follow-up period. Conclusions:The microdissection tungsten needle is superior to the high-frequency electrosurgical generator in the protection of RLN and parathyroid gland in open thyroid surgery, which is worthy of promotion in clinical application.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 476-482, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805313

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the role of BRAFV600E mutation in diagnosis of thyroid nodules when it is inconsonant with cytological results.@*Methods@#This study included 9837 patients who underwent US-FNA. We mainly analyzed 239 cases with benign or indeterminate cytology, but having a detection of BRAFV600E mutation. BRAFV600E mutation analysis was performed using a Amplification Refractory Mutation System Polymerase Chain Reaction.@*Results@#In 93 nodules with benign cytology results but positive BRAFV600E mutation, 84 nodules were malignant. Based on the results, US-FNA combined with BRAFV600E mutation analysis will improve sensitivity (Se=94.03%) and negative predictive value (NPV=2.69%) of the thyroid nodules diagnosis than using US-FNA alone (Se=71.03%, NPV=20.76%) .@*Conclusion@#BRAFV600E mutation analysis is an important tool in the diagnosis of PTC with high sensitivity and NPV. When facing patients with benign or indeterminate cytology but positive BRAFV600E mutation, thyroidectomy should be considered.

19.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 742-745, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756000

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey the contraceptive knowledge and service ability of postpartum visitors in Shanghai Minhang district.Methods A questionnaire survey on the contraceptive knowledge and contraceptive services was conducted in May 2018 among postpartum visitors from 13 community health service centers in Shanghai Minhang district.Results One hundred and forty-eight valid questionnaires were collected.All the participants were women,among whom 6.8% (10/148) were obstetricians and gynecologists,8.1% (12/148) were general practitioners and public health doctors,52.7% (78/148) were nurses and 32.4% (48/148) were village doctors.One hundred and ten participants were married women of childbearing age,among whom 18.2%(20/110) did not take contraceptive measures,43.6%(48/110) used condom,10.9% (12/110) used in vitro ejaculation or safe period or combination of two methods,and only 27.3%(30/1 10) used IUD or tubal ligation.The overall correct rate of contraceptive knowledge was 65.9% (1 755/2 664).The correct rates of knowledge about postpartum intrauterine device,the placement time of subcutaneous implantation of contraceptives,the correct use of condoms were particularly low.During the visits,postpartum lactating mothers,condom and safe period were recommended for contraception;and condom was recommended most (93.2%,138/148),however,only 24.3%(36/148) of them carried free contraceptive condom when visiting home.Conclusions The general levels of contraception-related knowledge and ability of community postpartum visitors are less satisfactory.It is necessary to strengthen the training and assessment of contraceptive knowledge for them.

20.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 579-582, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755973

ABSTRACT

The status of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical lesions was analyzed among 20 420 postmenopausal women who participated in gynecological disease screening in Shanghai Minhang district 2017.The infection rate of HPV in postmenopausal women was 8.37%(1 710/20 420),and the infection of high-risk HPV 52,58,16,18 accounted for 95.26%(2 029/2 130).The HPV infection rate was 7.37% in women aged ≥65 years,and that was 8.62% in women aged<65 years(x2=6.640,P=0.010).Among 552 cases with pathological results there were 133 cases of cervical lesions.The top 4 HPV infections in patients with cervical lesions were HPV16,52,58 and 33.The rate of cervical lesions was 22.35% in ≥65 age group,and 24.93% in <65 age group (P>0.05).The study suggests that HPV genotyping should be taken into account in gynecological disease screening,and the subjects with high-risk HPV infection should be closely followed up;meanwhile,the age limits of screening population should be appropriately extended.

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