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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 604-609, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982640

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To clarify the preparation methods of four rat models of liver ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) and to determine a liver IRI animal model that is consistent with clinical conditions, has stable pathological and physiological injury, and is easy to operate.@*METHODS@#A total of 160 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups using an interval grouping method: 70% IRI (group A), 100% IRI (group B), 70% IRI with 30% hepatectomy (group C), and 100% IRI with 30% hepatectomy (group D), with 40 rats in each group. Each model was further divided into sham operation group (S group) and ischemia groups of 30, 60, and 90 minutes, with 10 rats in each group. After surgery, the survival status and awakening time of the rats were observed, and the liver lobectomy weight, bleeding volume, and hemostasis time of groups C and D were recorded. Blood samples were collected by cardiac puncture after 6 hours of reperfusion for determination the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr), and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT) in the serum to assess liver and kidney function. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemical staining of macrophages were performed to analyze the liver tissue structure damage from a pathological perspective.@*RESULTS@#Rats in group A exhibited earlier awakening and acceptable mental status, while rats in the other groups showed delayed awakening and poor mental status. The hemostasis time in group D was approximately 1 second longer than that in group C. The mortality of rats subjected to 60 minutes of 70% hepatic ischemia was 0. Compared to the sham operation group, rats in each experimental group showed significant increases in serum levels of AST, ALT, ALP, BUN, SCr, and γ-GT, indicating impaired liver and kidney function in the rat models of liver IRI. In groups A, B, and C, the 90-minute ischemia subgroup exhibited more pronounced elevation in AST, ALT, ALP, BUN, SCr, and γ-GT levels compared to the 30-minute ischemia subgroup [AST (U/L): group A, 834.94±56.73 vs. 258.74±18.33; group B, 547.63±217.40 vs. 277.67±57.92; group C, 930.38±75.48 vs. 640.51±194.20; ALT (U/L): group A, 346.78±25.47 vs. 156.58±13.25; group B, 408.40±138.25 vs. 196.80±58.60; group C, 596.41±193.32 vs. 173.76±72.43; ALP (U/L): group A, 431.21±34.30 vs. 315.95±15.64; group B, 525.88±62.13 vs. 215.63±17.31; group C, 487.53±112.37 vs. 272.46±92.33; BUN (U/L): group A, 18.35±5.63 vs. 14.32±2.30; group B, 30.21±4.55 vs. 17.41±8.14; group C, 20.50±3.64 vs. 15.93±3.22; SCr (U/L): group A, 27.47±8.91 vs. 22.37±5.66; group B, 43.60±15.57 vs. 36.80±7.95; group C, 63.81±20.24 vs. 42.47±7.03; γ-GT (U/L): group A, 15.64±3.57 vs. 6.82±1.48; group B, 9.28±1.91 vs. 5.62±1.21; group C, 10.98±3.18 vs. 5.67±1.10; all P < 0.05]. The 100% IRI 90-minute group and 100% IRI 90-minute group with 30% hepatectomy exhibited more pronounced increases in the above-mentioned indicators compared to the corresponding 70% IRI control group, indicating increased liver and kidney damage in rats subjected to combined blood flow occlusion and hepatectomy. HE staining showed clear liver tissue structure with intact and orderly arranged cells in the sham operation group, while the experimental groups exhibited cell structure damage, including cell rupture or collapse, cell swelling, nuclear pyknosis, deep cytoplasm staining, cell shedding, and necrosis. The interstitium showed infiltration of inflammatory cells. Immunohistochemical staining revealed a higher number of macrophages in the experimental groups compared to the sham operation group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Four models of liver IRI in rat were successfully established. As the duration and severity of hepatic ischemia increased, liver cell ischemia worsened, leading to increased hepatocellular necrosis and exhibiting characteristic features of liver IRI. These models can effectively simulate liver IRI following liver trauma, with the group subjected to 100% ischemia and 30% hepatectomy showing the most severe liver injury. The designed models are reasonable, easy to perform, and exhibit good reproducibility. They can be used for investigating the mechanisms, therapeutic efficacy, and diagnostic methods related to clinical liver IRI.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Liver , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Ischemia , Disease Models, Animal , Necrosis
2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 389-394, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923721

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the pathogenic spectrum of infectious diarrhea among children in Zhengzhou City in 2020, so as to provide insights into the management of childhood infectious diarrhea.@*Methods@#A total of 230 stool samples were collected from children with diarrhea in the Diarrhea Clinic of Zhengzhou Municipal Children's Hospital in 2020. Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Campylobacter and Aeromonas were isolated. Salmonella was typed using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis ( PFGE ) and antimicrobial resistance was tested in Salmonella. The main types and drug resistance of pathogens were descriptively analyzed.@*Results@#The 230 children with diarrhea included 152 males and 78 females, with a male to female ratio of 1.95∶1. There were 173 cases at ages of 3 years and below ( 75.22% ), and 82 cases seen between June and August ( 35.65% ). A total of 71 pathogenic bacteria strains were isolated, with a detection rate of 30.87%. Salmonella was the most frequently isolated pathogen ( 35 strains, 15.22% prevalence ), following by diarrheagenic E. coli ( 20 strains, 8.70% ). Eleven serotypes of Salmonella were identified, which mainly included S. enteritidis and S. typhimurium. PFGE typing revealed 25 band patterns of Salmonella, with a similarity ranging from 11.85% to 100%. Salmonella were sensitive to imipenem, meropenem, polymyxin B and amikacin and highly resistant to streptomycin ( 85.71% ), ampicillin ( 80.00% ) and sulfaisoxazole ( 80.00% ). A 82.86% proportion of multi-drug resistance was detected in the 29 Salmonella strains. @*Conclusions@# A wide range of pathogenic bacteria were detected from the childhood infectious diarrhea in Zhengzhou City in 2020, which mainly included Salmonella and diarrheagenic E. coli. A high polymorphism level was seen in PFGE fingerprints of Salmonella, which presented high-level resistance to antimicrobial agents.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 515-521, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956549

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the reason for failed fixation with dynamic hip screws (DHS) and the indications for DHS fixation in the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture based on the lever-balance-reconstruction theory.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the data of 32 patients with intertrochanteric fracture who had been treated by DHS fixation at Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Peking University People's Hospital from January 1999 to December 2019. There were 22 males and 10 females, aged from 34 to 91 years (average, 67.7 years). By the AO classification, 15 fractures were type 31-A1, 13 ones type 31-A2, and 4 ones type 31-A3. According to the lever-balance-reconstruction theory, after the position of postoperative fulcrum was determined depending on the relationship between fracture line and internal fixation, the medial and lateral force arms were measured after internal fixation. The 32 patients were divided into 2 groups according to the position of fulcrum after internal fixation. In group A of 13 patients, the fulcrum was located in or within the center of the medullary cavity; in group B of 19 patients, the fulcrum was located outside the center of the medullary cavity. The incidence of internal fixation failure was compared between the 2 groups.Results:Internal fixation failure occurred in 15 of the 32 patients: cutting out of the head and neck screws without penetration in 2 cases, screw withdrawal in 8 cases, hip varus deformity in 10 cases, and femoral neck shortening in 15 cases. The 2 groups were comparable because there were no statistically significant differences in their preoperative general data or types of internal fixation between them except AO classification ( P>0.05). The length of medial force arm (power arm) averaged 51.12 mm (from 39.4 to 57.9 mm) and the length of lateral force arm (resistance arm) 23.37 mm (from 15.1 to 31.0 mm) in group A where 3 patients experienced internal fixation failure after operation; the length of medial force arm (power arm) averaged 63.71 mm (from 52.3 to 74.5 mm) and the length of lateral force arm (resistance arm) 9.94 mm (from 3.1 to 18.3 mm) in group B where 12 patients experienced internal fixation failure after operation. There was a significant difference between the 2 groups in internal fixation failure ( P=0.036). Conclusions:In the DHS fixation of intertrochanteric fracture, the postoperative fixation failure is associated with the fulcrum position after reconstruction. DHS is only indicated for intertrochanteric fractures whose fracture line (post-reconstruction fulcrum) is near and inside the center of the medullary cavity, but not for those whose fracture line (post-reconstruction fulcrum) is outside the medullary cavity.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1795-1802, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910774

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the biomechanical properties of traditional surface hip prosthesis and bionic surface hip prosthesis.Methods:The Sawbone digital model (#3908, Left, Medium) was selected as the research object. Mimics 21.0 software was used to reconstruct the physical model of femur. Solidworks 16.0 software was used to build the model of prostheses, including the traditional and bionic (type 1-4) protheses and their assembly. The distances from the screw cross position to the top of pressure screw of type 1 to type 4 protheses were 20.22 mm, 30.12 mm, 32.17 mm and 37.76 mm, respectively. The mechanical distribution characteristics of the whole model were measured and the stress distribution cloud map was obtained.Results:The peak stresses at bone-stem junction of traditional prosthesis and type 1-4 hip prostheses were 32.18 MPa, 13.80 MPa, 15.01 MPa, 23.46 MPa and 34.51 MPa, respectively. With the fulcrums away from the top of the femur, the peak stresses at the fulcrums of type 1-4 hip protheses were 37.98 MPa, 48.60 MPa, 54.80 MPa, and 53.87 MPa, respectively. The maximum stress above femoral neck of traditional prosthesis and type 1-4 hip prostheses were 8.00 MPa, 7.80 MPa, 7.04 MPa, 7.03 MPa and 7.51 MPa, respectively. The maximum stresses under femoral neck was 15.38 MPa, 14.20 MPa, 11.11 MPa, 13.10 MPa and 12.18 MPa, respectively. The maximum stresses in the greater trochanter region of femur were 13.08 MPa, 11.61 MPa, 13.09 MPa, 11.02 MPa and 39.51 MPa, respectively.Conclusion:Compared with the traditional surface hip prosthesis, the type I bionic surface hip prosthesis is designed based on the lever balance reconstruction theory. With the bionic reconstruction of the tension trabeculae and compression trabeculae through reasonable screw placement angles and the inward movement of the fulcrum closer to the center of the femoral head, the new type prothesis make up for the design defects of the traditional surface hip prosthesis, optimize the stress distribution in the proximal femur, and improve the stability of the prosthesis after replacement, which help reduce the risk of femoral neck fracture and prosthesis loosening, and extend the service life of the prosthesis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 429-436, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of postoperative internal fixation failures of femoral intertrochanteric fractures and analyze the related reasons using the leverage-balance-reconstruction theory.Methods:A retrospective case series study was performed for 40 patients suffering from implant failure after internal fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fractures admitted to Peking University People's Hospital from January 1999 to December 2019. There were 20 males and 20 females, aged from 43 to 92 years [(74.1±11.5)years]. The patients were assigned to extramedullary fixation (extramedullary fixation group, 17 patients) and intramedullary fixation (intramedullary fixation group, 23 patients). Complications associated with internal fixation were recorded, including internal fixation cutout, coxa vara deformity of hip joint, internal fixation withdrawal, femoral heck shortening and internal fixation breakage. Based on the lever-balance-reconstruction theory, the failure reasons of internal fixation were analyzed in combination with the change of arm length and outward shift of fulcrum measured before operation, after internal fixation and after fixation failure.Results:Among 40 patients, internal fixation cutout occurred in 18 patients, coxa vara deformity of hip joint in 37, internal fixation withdrawal in 29, femoral neck shortening in 37 and internal fixation breakage in 3. In extramedullary fixation group, the lengths of primary power arm and resistance arm were (8.0±1.0)mm and (59.4±10.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation were (72.7±21.7)mm and (8.9±7.4)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation failure were (50.3±14.9)mm and (33.6±17.6)mm. In intramedullary fixation group, the lengths of primary power arm and resistance arm were (6.7±0.6)mm and (49.8±9.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation were (51.5±7.0)mm and (19.8±5.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation failure were (41.6±9.6)mm and (32.4±7.7)mm. In each group, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after internal fixation showed significant differences from that of normal ones and from that after fixation failure ( P<0.05). The length of power arm in extramedullary fixation group was larger than that in intramedullary fixation group ( P<0.05). The shortening of power arm in extramedullary fixation group was larger than that in intramedullary fixation group after fixation failure ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The extramedullary and intramedullary fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fractures result in the displacement of reconstruction fulcrum. The shortening of power arm is observed after fixation failure. The leverage-balance-reconstruction theory is helpful to analyze the cause of complications. The power arm after extramedullary fixation is longer than that after intramedullary fixation and is therefore more prone to fixation failure. The primary cause of postoperative internal fixation complications is to achieve a new balance of leverage.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 202-208, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884241

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the causes and risk factors for failure of internal fixation with proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fractures.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 568 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture who had been treated with PFNA fixation at Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Fifth Central Hospital of Tianjin from March 2013 to March 2018. They were 348 males and 220 females, aged from 44 to 93 years (average, 74.6 years). According to the fracture stability classification, the patients were divided into a stable group of 424 cases and an unstable group of 144 cases. According to the AO classification, the stable group had type 31-A1 and type 31-A2.1 while the unstable group type 31-A2.2, type 31-A2.3 and type 31-A3. The 2 groups were compared in terms of reduction quality, rate of internal fixation failure, and function of the affected hip. Single factor and multi-factor binary logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the risk factors responsible for failure of PFNA fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fracture.Results:There were no significant differences in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability between groups ( P> 0.05). Internal fixation failure occurred in 19 cases, which was caused by spiral blade withdrawal in 13 cases, femoral neck shortening in 17 cases, hip varus in 14 cases, and spiral blade cut-out in 14 cases. The failure rate for the stable group was 1.2% (5/424), significantly lower than that for the unstable group [9.7%,(14/144)] ( P<0.05). The Harris hip score at the last follow-up for the stable group [98(95,100)] was significantly higher than that for the unstable group [84 (82, 87)] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in reduction quality between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that osteoporosis ( OR=7.283, 95% CI: 1.626 to 32.623, P=0.009) and unstable fracture ( OR=11.607, 95% CI: 4.039 to 33.355, P<0.001) were risk factors responsible for the failure of PFNA fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fracture. Conclusions:PFNA fixation for unstable intertrochanteric fracture can lead to a high failure rate. It forms a lever like structure so that the main stress is shifted to the internal fixation. Its lever fulcrum is located at the angle of intramedullary fixation so that a long arm forms at the load-bearing side, leading to a high failure rate. The weight-free time should be longer for patients with osteoporosis and unstable fracture after operation.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 358-363, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872690

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To understand the current status of clinical understanding of “prohibiting”“avoiding”“using caution ” in the application of TCM ,and to provide reference for standardizing the connotation and rational application of “prohibiting” “avoiding”“using caution ”of TCM. METHODS :Based on the theory of “knowledge-attitude-behavior”,doctor-pharmacist questionnaires and patient questionnaires were designed on the basis of literature research and clinical practice. Through the “Tencent questionnaire ”platform,800 doctor-pharmacist questionnaires were distributed to nearly 300 medical institutions from 32 provinces(cities,autonomous regions )and 800 patient questionnaires were distributed to public patiants who had used TCM nationwide by anonymous online method. After dimensionality reduction of the questionnaire from three dimensions of cognition , attention and behavior ,the cognition ,attention and behavior of “prohibiting”“avoiding”“using caution ”in the application of TCM were evaluated by 10 points system. RESULTS :A total of 703 doctor-pharmacist questionnaires were collected ,including 638 valid questionnaires with recovery rate of 87.9% and effective rate of 90.8%;Cronbach alpha coefficient was 0.90. A total of 644 patient questionnaires were collected ,including 621 valid questionnaires with recovery rate of 80.5% and effective rate of 96.4% . The cognition score of doctors and pharmacists to the terms of “prohibiting”“avoiding”“using caution ”in clinical application of TCM was (7.94±1.21),and that of patients was (5.64±1.54). The score of doctors and pharmacists ’attention to the above terms was (9.47±1.15)(Spearman Rho correlation coefficient with cognition score was 0.077,P>0.05),and the score of behavioral ability of patients was (7.01±1.71)(Spearman Rho correlation coefficient with cognition score was -0.021,P> 0.05). The score of behavior ability was (7.43 ± 1.72) (Spearman Rho correlation coefficient with cognition score was 0.233,P<0.01). TCM textbooks (89.2%),trainingmeetings (66.5%) and herbal prescriptions (58.2%) were the main ways for doctors and pharmacists to learn the above taboos. Medical staff (74.2%)and internet (52.5%)were the main ways for patients to understand the above taboos. CONCLUSIONS :Doctors,pharmacists and patients pay more attention to the terms of “prohibiting”“avoiding”“using caution ”in the clinical application of TCM ,but their cognition and executive power were low. Clinical cognition of “prohibiting”“avoiding”“using caution ”in the application of TCM is relatively vague,and the corresponding clinical practice behavior is lacking. It is yet to establish clinical specialist consensus in the field of TCM and publicize it actively to improve the level of clinical rational drug use.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 551-554, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922057

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an amino acid assay for the determination of β-lactoglobulin in Anti-HPV biological protein dressing.@*METHODS@#Under acidic conditions, β-lactoglobulin is hydrolyzed into free amino acids, separated by cation exchange chromatography, and derivatived after ninhydrin column. The chromatogram at 570 nm is collected. The content of β-lactoglobulin in the sample is indirectly determined by measuring the lysine content obtained by hydrolysis.@*RESULTS@#β-lactoglobulin has a good linear relationship in the concentration range of 77.28~309.12 μg/mL (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The method is simple, specific, accurate and reproducible, which is suitable for the quantitative analysis of β-lactoglobulin in anti-HPV biological protein dressing.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Bandages , Lactoglobulins
9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 647-651, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867762

ABSTRACT

Intertrochanteric femoral fractures are common in clinical practice and the key to treatment is timely stable fixation and early rehabilitation to prevent bedridden complications. At present, the failure of common internal fixation system in the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric femoral fractures is not rare. The authors think that for the normal anatomical type of leverage structure of human proximal femur, pivot can bear weight and complete multidirectional activities because its pivot is close to the center of the body. The intertrochanteric femoral fractures destroyed the trabecular structure on the tension side and pressure side. At the same time, the physiological lever of the proximal femur was destroyed. The cause for the failure of the existing internal fixation is the inability to reconstruct the physiological pivot. Based on the anatomical and biomechanical characteristics of the proximal femur, the author reviewed the previous literatures and analyzed the problems in the treatment of intertrochanteric femoral fractures, and for the first time raised the " lever-pivot balance" theory for the treatment of intertrochanteric femoral fractures. This theory opens a new way for solving the problems in treatment of intertrochanteric femoral fractures.

10.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 30-33, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837475

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current situation of tuberculosis (TB) prevention and control in schools, and to provide a basis for further improving school TB prevention and control strategies. Methods A survey of 387 schools in Tianjin was conducted. The data was statistically analyzed by chi-square test. Results Most of the schools implemented the TB prevention and control work well, including leadership responsibility, work plan and epidemic report. However, the leadership responsibility (72.34%, 34/47) and the work plan (68.09%, 32/47) in colleges and universities were not well implemented. The proportion of full-time health care personnel in schools with more than 600 students was relatively low, which was 1:2 497 in primary schools, 1:1 537 in secondary schools, and 1:2 673 in colleges and universities. The proportion of morning and afternoon checking (27.66%) and sickness absenteeism tracking (82.98%) was low in colleges and universities. There was a lower proportion of new students carrying out TB test in primary schools and secondary schools (χ2=26.05,P<0.001). The colleges and universities had a low proportion of TB check-up among students in schools and students in high epidemic areas (P<0.001). The screening rate of students who had close contacts with TB patients in primary schools was low (P<0.001). The proportion of preventive treatment in schools at all levels was low (P<0.001). Conclusion Schools at all levels in Tianjin need to utilize additional school health care personnel and increase the proportion of latent infection patients receiving preventive treatment. Primary and secondary schools should further standardize the physical examination of new students and the treatment of epidemic situation. It is necessary for colleges and universities to establish multi-level tuberculosis surveillance networks and carry out active screening.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 489-493, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811649

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the epidemiological characteristics of a cluster of COVID-19 cases reported in Baodi district of Tianjin as of 18 February, 2020, which might be associated with the exposure in a local department store, and provide suggestions for prevention and control strategy development.@* Methods@#The basic characteristics, time and area distributions, clinical manifestations, epidemiological history and transmission mode of the COVID-19 cases associated with the department store exposure were analyzed.@* Results@#A total of 40 COVID-19 cases were associated with the department store exposure, accounting for 75.47% of the total confirmed cases (53 cases) reported in Baodi district. The cases were mainly at the age of 60 years or older (35.00%) and farmers (40.00%). The main clinical manifestations included fever (95.00%), cough (35.00%), and diarrhea (15.00%). The proportion of confirmed severe cases was 32.50%. The incidence curve showed that the incidence peak occurred on 31 January, 2020. Among the 40 cases, 6(15.00%) were department store employees, 19(47.50%) were customers and 15(37.50%) were close contacts (secondary cases). The first case occurred on 21 January, 2020, this case was a department store employee who had a purchasing history at whole sale markets in other provinces and cities before the onset, and 3 employees were still on duty after symptom onsets. The median of the incubation period of customer cases was 6 days, and the median of the interval between onset and medical treatment of customer cases was 7 days.@* Conclusion@#This was a cluster epidemic of COVID-19, which might be associated with the exposure in the department store. By now, the current prevention and control measures have achieved satisfied effects.

12.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 135-142, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804542

ABSTRACT

@#Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis(NASH)is the most common chronic liver disease. However, the treatment of NASH remains challenging. Apoptosis signal regulating kinases-1(ASK-1)is a member of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinases(MAPKKKs). When the body is stimulated by reactive oxygen species, endoplasmic reticulum stress, calcium influx and extracellular inflammatory signals, c-Jun amino terminal kinases(JNK)and p38 MAPK wiube activated, which then promotes cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and production of inflammatory factors, and causes NASH, fibrosis and other diseases. Therefore, ASK-1 inhibitors can be used to treat NASH. This paper reviews the current treatment methods of NASH, the structure and mechanism of ASK-1, and the research progress of ASK-1 inhibitors in the treatment of NASH in recent years, which aims to explore the guiding significance for the design and development of ASK-1 inhibitors.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 118-122, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753878

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the regulatory effect of branched chain amino acids (BCAA) on the expression of apoptosis related proteins after cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury and the protective effects of BCAA on ischemic brain injury in rats.Methods 40 male SD rats were randomly divided into normal diet group (n =20) and branched chain amino acid (BCAA) group (n=20) according to the random number table,and each group was randomly divided into control group (n=6),sham operation group (n=6) and model group (n =8) which used suture method to make ischemia reperfusion model.After modeling,modified Neurological Severity Scores (mNSS) was used to access the neurological impairment degree of 2,6,24,48 and 72 h in each group.The expression of apoptosis related proteins (Cleaved,Bax/Bcl-2) after 72 h was detected by the method of immune protein imprinting (Caspase3) and compared between normal diet group and BCAA group.Results Compared with the normal diet rats,the mNSS of BCAA diet rats after modeling at 2,6,24,48,72 h decreased (11.35±2.78 vs.7.15±2.41,P=0.019;9.35±1.75 vs.5.82±1.17,P=0.002;6.11±1.16vs.4.39±1.46,P=0.048;5.87±1.32vs.3.55±1.94,P=0.036;4.98±2.24vs.2.09±1.33,P=0.022).The expression of cleaved caspase3 protein and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 decreased in BCAA group.Conclusion BCAA can alleviate the apoptosis of rats after ischemia and reperfusion,reduce the damage of nerve function,and has a positive protective effect on ischemic brain injury.

14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 52-56, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809803

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To verify the safety and efficacy of IONTRIS particle therapy system (IONTRIS) in clinical implementation.@*Methods@#Between 6.2014 and 8.2014, a total of 35 patients were enrolled into this trial: 31 males and 4 females with a median age of 69 yrs (range 39-80). Ten patients had locally recurrent head and neck tumors after surgery, 4 cases with thoracic malignancies, 1 case with hepatocellular carcinoma, 1 case with retroperitoneal sarcoma, and 19 cases with non-metastatic prostate carcinomas. Phantom dose verification was mandatory for each field before the start of radiation.@*Results@#Twenty-two patients received carbon ion and 13 had proton irradiation. With a median follow-up time of 1 year, all patients were alive. Among the 16 patients with head and neck, thoracic, and abdominal/pelvic tumors, 2, 1, 12, and 1 cases developed complete response, partial response, stable disease, or disease progression, respectively. Progression-free survival rate was 93.8% (15/16). Among the 19 patients with prostate cancer, biological-recurrence free survival was 100%. Particle therapy was well tolerated in all 35 patients. Twenty-five patients (71.4%) experienced 33 grade 1 acute adverse effects, which subsided at 1 year follow-up. Six (17.1%) patients developed grade 1 late adverse effects. No significant change in ECOG or body weight was observed.@*Conclusions@#IONTRIS is safe and effective for clinical use. However, long term follow-up is needed to observe the late toxicity and long term result.

15.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 472-475, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711432

ABSTRACT

Immunoprophylaxis against tetanus is divided into passive and active immunization. Pas-sive immunizing agents include tetanus antitoxin and human tetanus immunoglobulin. Tetanus antitoxin played an important role in early tetanus immunoprophylaxis. However,some safety problems do exist as it contains allogeneic serum and because of that,it has been gradually replaced by human tetanus immunoglobulin. Mis-application of passive immune agents has resulted in a waste of medical resources and revealed potential med-ical risks. Standardized and rational application of active immunizing agents ( tetanus toxoid) with reduced usage of passive immunizing agents is the most effective measure to prevent Clostridium tetani infection.

16.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 45-51, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the water absorption values,solubility values and monomer release amounts of six kinds of light curing composite resins and explore the influencing factors,and to elucidate their relationships with the material compositions and the immersing solvent.Methods:The water absorption and solubility values of six kinds of composite resins,including FiltekTM Z250 (Z250),FiltekTM Z350 XT (Z350),Aelite LS Posterior (ALS),CLEARFIL MAJESTY Posterior (CMP),Neofil Nano (NN),and Tetric N-Ceram (TNC),were measured according to ISO 4049-2009.The concentrations of eluted Bis-GMA and TEGDMA were tested by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry after the specimens were immersed in 75% ethanol solution for different time (24 h,7 d,1 month,and 3 months).Results:The water absorption values of six kinds of composite resins were in ascending order of ALS <CMP <TNC ≈Z250 <NN <Z350,there were significant differences between groups (P<0.05);the solubility values were Z350 <NN≈ALS≈CMP≈Z250 <TNC,there were significant differences between groups (P<0.05).The release amounts of Bis-GMA were increased slowly with the prolongation of time (P<0.05),while the values of ALS and CMP at 3 months were decreased (P<0.05);the descending order ofBis-GMA release amounts at 3 months was NN> TNC> Z250> Z350> ALS> CMP (P<0.05).The released TEGDMA was not found in NN and TNC.The release amounts of TEGDMA of the other four resins were increased slowly with the prolongation of time (P<0.05),and the release amount of CMP at 3 months was decreased (P<0.05);the order of amount at 3 months was ALS> CMP> Z250> Z350 (P<0.05).Conclusion:The water absorption values,solubility values and monomer release amounts of different composite resins are different,and they are related to their organic matrix compositions and the immersing solvent.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2546-2549, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619796

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the method for simultaneous determination of 5 saponins in Lonicerae Flos. METHODS:Using macranthoidin B as a reference,HPLC method was adopted to calculate the relative correction factor(RCF)of it to macran-thoidin A,dipsacoside B,macranthoside A and macranthoside B. The contents of above 4 saponins were calculated through RCF. Using the contents of saponins determined by external standard method as measured value,the calculated value was compared with measured value. RESULTS:The linear ranges of macranthoidin A,macranthoidin B,dipsacoside B,macranthoside A and macran-thoside B were 0.316-6.32 μg(r=0.9973),0.453-9.06 μg(r=0.9982),0.231-4.62 μg(r=0.9996),0.342-6.84 μg(r=0.9984) and 0.147-2.94 μg(r=0.9961),respectively. RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were all lower than 2.0%. The recoveries were 97.74%-104.51%(RSD=2.37%,n=6)、96.70%-103.20%(RSD=2.37%,n=6)、96.12%-103.61%(RSD=2.45%, n=6)、98.80%-104.70%(RSD=2.32%,n=6)、99.21%-102.92%(RSD=1.39%,n=6),respectively. There was no statistical sig-nificance between calculated value and measured value(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS:The method is simple,precise,stable and re-producible. It can be used for the determination of saponins in Lonicerae Flos.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 192-196, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489211

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare 2 mini-invasive surgical treatments,Achillon versus sponge forceps,for acute Achilles tendon rupture.Methods Between December 2010 and January 2015,35 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture were treated at our department.They were 32 males and 3 females,with an average age of 36.4 years (range,21 to 64 years).The interval between injury and operation was 1 to 13 days (average,3.2 days).Sixteen of them were treated by Achillon while 19 by sponge forceps.The 2 groups were compatible with no significant differences in general clinical data (P > 0.05).Rehabilitation was carried out 4 weeks after immobilization with brace.American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot scoring system was used to evaluate the function of the affected foot at the last follow-up.The 2 groups were compared in terms of surgery time,hospital stay,AOFAS score,decrease in leg circumference,complications and rerupture rate.Results All the patients were followed up for an average of 9.6 months (from 6 to 19 months).There were no significant differences between the Achillon and sponge forceps groups regarding average AOFAS score (91.8 ± 4.4 versus 93.2 ± 5.8),surgery time (38.3 ± 13.2 min versus 42.5 ± 9.8 min),hospital stay (3.9 ± 1.5 d versus 4.1 ± 1.6 d),or decrease in leg circumference (2.1 ±0.5 cm versus 2.3 ± 0.3 cm) (P > 0.05).No re-ruptures or sural nerve lesion was observed in either group.One case of delayed wound healing occurred in each group.Conclusions Both Achillon and sponge forceps can lead to limited complications and a very low rate of re-rupture in surgical treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture.Compared with the Achillon technique,sponge forceps may have the advantages of simplicity and lower cost.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 647-654, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497884

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the curative effect and biomechanical performance of cannulated compression screw (CCS) and dynamic hip screw-blade (DHS-B) in the treatment of patients with femoral neck fracture.Methods Between February 2010 and February 2014,102 patients with femoral neck fracture were treated with CCS or DHS-B at our department.They were 54 males and 48 females,aged from 15 to 86 years.There were 30 subcapital fractures,51 transcervical ones and 21 base ones.CCS was used in 60 patients and DHS-B in 42.In-hospital data were collected retrospectively to compare the curative effects in 2 groups.Furthermore,femoral neck fracture models were established using 12 adult cadaveric femoral specimens.The 12 models were randomized into 2 equal groups (n =6).Group A was subjected to fixation by 3 CCSs and group B to fixation by DHS-B.The 2 groups were compared in terms of axial loading test,rotation test and destructive axial loading test.Results The operation time (59.4 ± 20.2 min),incision size (4.1 ±0.6 cm) and intraoperative blood loss (25.9 ±9.9 mL) in the CCS group were significantly less than those in the DHS-B group (88.6±22.9 min,12.1 ±1.2cmand 156.7±107.1 mL) (P <0.05).The Harris hip score for the DHS-B group (91.9±9.8) was significantly higher than that for the CCS group (87.2 ± 9.2) (P < 0.05).There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in hospital stay,partial weight-bearing time,or postoperative complications (P > 0.05).At 500 N vertical loading,the stress values at both medial and lateral sides of the femur in group A were significantly smaller than those in group B (P < 0.05).There were no significant differences between groups A and B in the average sinking displacement of femoral head or the torque at a torsion angle of 6° (P > 0.05).The maximum load in group A (2,135 ±120 N) was significantly smaller than that in group B (2,986 ± 98 N) (P < 0.05).Conclusion In treatment of femoral neck fracture,DHS-B fixation is obviously superior to CCS fixation,because the former is in better agreement with the femoral biomechanical property,and performs better in anti-rotation and anti-compression,leading to better functional recovery of the affected hip.

20.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 73-75, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462485

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the experience of Yang Boliang for the treatment of dysentery. Methods The prescriptions for dysentery that used by Yang Boliang were collected to build a database, and analyzed by the unsupervised data mining methods, such as apriori algorithm, entropy Clustering complex systems. Results Based on the analysis of 35 prescriptions, the most frequently used drug, the core drug combinations and the new prescriptions were mined from the database. The most frequently used drugs were tuckahoe, rhizoma pinellinae praeparata, and roasted radix puerariae. The core drug combinations were“tuckahoe- radix scutellariae-moutan bark”, “plantago seed-rhizoma pinellinae praeparata-maticated leaven”, and “charred radix aucklandiae-charred radix etrhizoma rhei-waterlily leaf”, etc. The new prescriptions were such as “plantago seed-rhizoma pinellinae praeparata-maticated leaven-charred radix rehmanniae recen-processed rhizoma Cyperi”. Conclusion Yang Boliang was well experienced in treating dysentery by using the drugs with clearing heat, and drying dampness, and clearing dampness by promoting diuresis.

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