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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934592

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of umbilical therapy with herbal cakes made of Ge Gen Qin Lian Tang prescription of different dosages in treating damp-heat diarrhea in young children. Methods: Seventy-two kids with diarrhea of damp-heat pattern were recruited and divided into a high-dosage group and a low-dosage group using the random number table method, with 36 cases in each group. They all received conventional antidiarrheal treatment and umbilical application with herbal cakes. However, the herbal cakes for the high-dosage group were made of the mixture of Ge Gen Qin Lian Tang powder and water, and those for the low-dosage group consisted of 10% Ge Gen Qin Lian Tang powder and 90% auxiliary materials (corn starch) plus water. The treatment duration was 3 d. The clinical efficacy, antidiarrheal rate, effective rate for symptoms and signs of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), TCM symptoms score, and safety indicators were compared between the two groups. Results: After the treatment, the TCM symptoms scores dropped significantly in both groups (P<0.01) and were lower in the high-dosage group than in the low-dosage group (P<0.05). The clinical efficacy was more significant in the high-dosage group than in the low-dosage group after the treatment, and the between-group difference was statistically significant (P<0.05); the antidiarrheal rate was markedly higher in the high-dosage group than in the low-dosage group (P<0.05). Regarding the TCM symptoms and signs, the high-dosage group showed better results in improving the greasy and yellowish tongue coating, bowel movement frequency, watery excrement, short and dark urine, red tongue body, red anus, vomiting, bowel sounds, and abdominal bloating compared with the low-dosage group, and the between-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.01). Conclusion: Umbilical therapy with herbal cakes made of Ge Gen Qin Lian Tang is safe, reliable, and effective in treating damp-heat diarrhea in young children; the high-dosage herbal cakes produce more significant efficacy than the low-dosage ones and are worth further investigation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933904

ABSTRACT

We report the diagnosis and treatment of a case of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome characterized by postpartum thunderclap headache. The patient experienced a thunderclap headache on the second day after delivery, which gradually worsened. On postpartum day 4, she presented with sudden convulsion and hypertension on admission on May 19, 2020, and was initially diagnosed with postpartum eclampsia. We confirmed the diagnosis of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome based on the results of cranial magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and other examinations and the consultation with neurologists. After antihypertensive and spasmolytic treatment, the patient's blood pressure returned to normal, and she was discharged on postpartum day 8. Reexamination with cranial MRA at 50 + days after delivery indicated that the cerebral vasospasm was relieved. No severe headaches or convulsions were observed during follow-up till June 2021.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930223

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical experience of treating patients with severe acute organic fluorine poisoning using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).Methods:In January 2021, an acute mass organic fluorine gas poisoning incident occurred in Quzhou, Zhejiang Province. The clinical data of 4 severe patients with acute poisoning of organic fluorine treated by ECMO in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed, and the epidemiological characteristics, clinical symptoms, signs, the abnormal laboratory studies/examinations, and treatments of this kind poisoning patients, especially, the treatment pattern, support time, complications, and outcomes of ECMO were collected and analyzed.Results:All the 4 patients were male, with an average age of (52±9) years, and all of them came to the emergency department complaining chest tightness, cough and pharyngeal discomfort 6 h after exposure by inhalation. The patient’s condition progressed rapidly with severe acute respiratory failure and circulatory failure as the prominent manifestations. The mechanical ventilations were performed (13.0±4.8) h after poisoning, and ECMO treatment was performed (15.5±5.3) h after poisoning. Among them, 2 patients were treated using venoarterial (VA) ECMO, and 2 patients using venovenous (VV) ECMO, but 1 patient was converted to VA-ECMO 8 h later. The duration of ECMO support for the patients was (8.8±3.6) d. The duration of mechanical ventilation was (23.0±28.7) d and stay in intensive care unit was (42.0±55.4) d. Among them, one patient was transferred to a specialized rehabilitation hospital after the amputation surgery due to lower limb necrosis after VA-ECMO support, and the remaining 3 patients were discharged after recovery.Conclusions:ECMO support might have the irreplaceable value in the treatment of patients with severe acute organic fluorine poisoning, and should be considered as one of the reserves of regional health care system in dealing with public health emergencies.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 780-784, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877153

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This epidemiology survey is intended to assess the periodontal health conditions of 12 to 15-year-old adolescents and the associated factors in Shenzhen.@*Methods@#The study utilized a multistage stratified cluster method and recruited 5 509 middle school students aged 12 to 15. Gingival bleeding and calculus were conducted and a self-reported questionnaire was administered. Additional periodontal pocket depth and attachment loss examination were performed in the 15-year-age group. Periodontal conditions and the associated factors were analyzed by t-test, Chi-square method and Logistic regression.@*Results@#The prevalence of gingival bleeding and calculus among adolescents was 43.95% and 44.25%, and the prevalence of periodontal pockets ≤3 mm was 0.57%. No periodontal pockets ≥6 mm or attachment loss ≥4 mm were detected. Gender, family income and frequency of teeth brushing were significantly associated with calculus detection (P<0.05). The use of fluoride had an significant effect on gingival bleeding detection and calculus detection (χ 2=9.70,6.16,P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The periodontal health condition among 12-15 years old adolescents in Shenzhen is generally better than the national level. Adolescents living in high-economic districts and females had better periodontal health condition. The government can promote health education in schools and popularize the use of fluoride to improve the periodontal health condition among adolescents.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904643

ABSTRACT

@#As an emerging technology, artificial intelligence (AI) uses human theory and technology for robots to study, develop, learn and identify human technologies. Thoracic surgeons should be aware of new opportunities that may affect their daily practice by the direct use of AI technology, or indirect use in the relevant medical fields (radiology, pathology, and respiratory medicine). The purpose of this paper is to review the application status and future development of AI associated with thoracic surgery, diagnosis of AI-related lung cancer, prognosis-assisted decision-making programs and robotic surgery. While AI technology has made rapid progress in many areas, the medical industry only accounts for a small part of AI use, and AI technology is gradually becoming widespread in the diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and care of diseases. The future of AI is bright and full of innovative perspectives. The field of thoracic surgery has conducted valuable exploration and practice on AI, and will receive more and more influence and promotion from AI.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883557

ABSTRACT

Objective:To meet the demand of medical system for talents, the training of medical students' competency has become a new direction of medical education. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of training quality in medical graduates through the competency scale.Methods:Taking "attitude", "skill" and "knowledge" as the evaluation dimensions, the competency development was divided into four levels of "state", "explain", "apply" and "transfer", and we proposed the competence concept of "A.S.K.-SEAT" and formulated an evaluation scale. Questionnaires and behavior event interviews (BEI) were conducted in medical graduates of Shantou University in 2018. Reliability and validity of the questionnaire were evaluated and current situation of different competency items were analyzed.Results:A total of 155 questionnaires were collected with good reliability and validity, and 15 graduates participated in BEI. A total of 21 A.S.K. competency items (including five basic competency items and two discriminating competency items) and SEAT textual descriptions were finally established.Conclusion:A.S.K.-SEAT scale can provide valid references for the competency evaluation of medical graduates.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865562

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between adenosine diphosphate (ADP) pathway-induced platelet dysfunction monitoring by thrombelastography with hospital mortality in patients with traumatic brain injury.Methods:The clinical data of 180 patients with traumatic brain injury in Zhejiang Quhua Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients underwent thrombelastography examination. Among them, the ADP pathway-induced platelet inhibition rate (ADP inhibition rate) ≤ 60% was in 74 cases (non-ADP dysfunction group), and ADP inhibition rate > 60% was in 106 cases (ADP dysfunction group). Multiple Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent influencing factors of patients′ hospital mortality. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the threshold of ADP inhibition rate to predict hospital mortality.Results:There were no statistical differences in the gender composition, age, prothrombin time, international standardized ratio, activated partial thromboplastin time, platelet count, systolic blood pressure, pulse, admission to thrombelastography examination time, Glasgow coma score, trauma severity score, simple trauma grading criteria and using of antiplatelet drugs before admission between 2 groups ( P>0.05). The intubation rate and in-hospital mortality in ADP dysfunction group were significantly higher than those in non-ADP dysfunction group: 69.8% (74/106) vs. 37.8% (28/74) and 32.1% (34/106) vs. 8.1% (6/74), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01 or <0.05). The maximum amplitude and G value in ADP dysfunction group were significantly lower than those in non-ADP dysfunction group: (61 ± 9) mm vs. (65 ± 6) mm and (9 ± 4) kD/cm2 vs. (11 ± 3) kD/cm2, the ADP inhibition rate and arachidonic acid pathway-induced platelet inhibition rate were significantly higher than those in non-ADP dysfunction group: (76 ± 22)% vs. (45 ± 18)% and (75 ± 28)% vs. (35 ± 22)%, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). There were no statistical difference in the reaction time, blood clot formation time and angle between 2 groups ( P>0.05). Multiple Logistic regression analysis result showed that ADP inhibition rate >60% and trauma severity score were independent predictors of increased hospital mortality in patients with traumatic brain injury ( OR = 6.21 and 1.13, 95% CI 1.21 to 31.27 and 1.05 to 1.22, P<0.05). Logistic regression model analysis result showed that ADP inhibition rate >60% was the threshold for predicting the hospital mortality rate ( OR = 6.18, 95% CI 1.2 to 33.3). Conclusions:ADP inhibition rate of thrombelastography is related to the hospital mortality in patients with traumatic brain injury.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823783

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the structure of current bronchoscopy specialized wagons, enhance the care efficiency and improve care experience. Methods Use the bronchoscopy specialized wagons in bronchoscope room from 3rd of January to 1st of June 2018 as control group. Use the bronchoscopy specialized wagons in bronchoscope room from 5 th June to 3rd November 2018 as the test group. Test group adopted the national patent, new bronchoscopy specialized wagons and control group with the general treatment wheel. Results The operation time of the test group was (14.25 ± 0.45) seconds, lower than that of in the control group (47.99±1.84) seconds, the difference was significant (t=1.542, P<0.05). The operation trouble of the test group was 0, lower than that of in the control group (5.37± 0.72) times, the difference was significant (t=4.917, P <0.05). Intake capacity of the test group was (107.70±15.18), higher than that of in the control group (48.17±6.93), the difference was significant (t=3.191,P <0.05). Conclusions The use of the new bronchoscopy specialized wagons can reduce operation time, greatly improve working efficiency. It is worthy to be applied in future.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803607

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To improve the structure of current bronchoscopy specialized wagons, enhance the care efficiency and improve care experience.@*Methods@#Use the bronchoscopy specialized wagons in bronchoscope room from 3rd of January to 1st of June 2018 as control group. Use the bronchoscopy specialized wagons in bronchoscope room from 5 th June to 3rd November 2018 as the test group. Test group adopted the national patent, new bronchoscopy specialized wagons and control group with the general treatment wheel.@*Results@#The operation time of the test group was (14.25±0.45) seconds, lower than that of in the control group (47.99±1.84) seconds, the difference was significant (t=1.542, P<0.05). The operation trouble of the test group was 0, lower than that of in the control group (5.37±0.72) times, the difference was significant (t=4.917, P <0.05). Intake capacity of the test group was (107.70±15.18), higher than that of in the control group (48.17±6.93), the difference was significant (t=3.191, P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#The use of the new bronchoscopy specialized wagons can reduce operation time, greatly improve working efficiency. It is worthy to be applied in future.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803575

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the nursing experience of a child with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome caused by physical abuse and severe soft tissue injury.@*Methods@#In this case, multiple soft tissue injuries and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome were caused by domestic violence abuse. Nursing included strengthening artificial airway nursing, continuous blood purification nursing, skin injury nursing, sedation and analgesia management, nutritional support nursing, psychological nursing and family education.@*Results@#After careful treatment and nursing, the child′s condition improved and was transferred to the general ward for further treatment and discharged.@*Conclusions@#The nursing of multiple soft tissue injuries and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome includes strengthening artificial airway nursing, continuous blood purification nursing, skin injury nursing, sedation and analgesia management, nutritional support nursing, psychological nursing and family education.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806091

ABSTRACT

Objective@#By comparing the clinical characteristics of patulous Eustachian tube with habitual nasal extraction and those of non-Eustachian tube abnormalities, we aimed to investigate the relationship between patulous Eustachian tube and acquired cholesteatoma of middle ear.@*Methods@#A total of 218 patients in Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from November 2011 to November 2016 who underwent surgical treatment and with complete data of acquired cholesteatoma of middle ear were enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups: patulous Eustachian tube with habitual nasal extraction and non-Patulous Eustachian tube. Their ages of onset , sides, characteristics of acoustic immitance, clinical manifestations, prognosis and complications were compared. The statistical analysis was carried out with SPSS 19.0 software.@*Results@#Among the 218 cases of acquired cholesteatoma of the middle ear, 22 cases were diagnosed as patulous Eustachian tube with habitual nasal extraction [with average age of (35.7±7.5) years]; 196 cases were diagnosed as non-patulous Eustachian tube [with average age of (47.8±20.1) years]. The average age of the patulous Eustachian tube with habitual nasal extraction was significantly lower than that of the non-patulous Eustachian tube group (t=4.25, P<0.01). Ratio of bilateral middle ear cholesteatoma in patulous Eustachian tube [68.2%(15/22)] was significantly higher than that of the non-patulous Eustachian tube group [18.9%(37/196)] (χ2=26.47, P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#Some acquired cholesteatoma patients are associated with the patulous Eustachian tube with habitual nasal extraction. The patients have a lower age, and are susceptible for bilateral middle ear cholesteatoma.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806068

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize and explore the clinical effect and application of L-shaped flap pedicled with peroneal artery perforator in the treatment of unhealed lateral L-shaped incision after calcaneal fractures.@*Methods@#From October 2013 to March 2015, 17 patients with unhealed L-shaped incision after calcaneal fractures were treated with one-stage thorough debridement, artificial bone filling with antibiotics-laden calcium sulphate and L-shaped flap pedicled with peroneal artery. Flap areas ranged from 8 cm × 2 cm to 11 cm × 3 cm. Donor sites are primarily sutured.@*Results@#All 17 patients were followed up for 6 to 18 months with an average of 11.5 months. All patients with infection were cured effectively, demonstrating well survived flaps with normal elasticity and pigmentation, no scar contracture, satisfactory appearance and normal ankle joint motility.@*Conclusions@#L-shaped flap pedicled with peroneal artery perforator was an effective method in the treatment of unhealed lateral L-shaped incision after calcaneal fractures. It was suitable for coverage of the unhealed wound and worthy of being popularized.

13.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 431-434, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696835

ABSTRACT

Objective To access the effects of 70 kV tube voltage combined with low dose and low concentration of contrast medium in coronary CT angiography (CCTA)by evaluating the image quality,radiation dose and contrast medium dosage.Methods Ninety patients suspected with coronary artery disease with body mass index(BMI)of less than 25 kg/m2and heart rate (HR)of less than 75 beats per minute were enrolled.The patients were randomly divided into three groups (n=30 for each group):Group A,100 kV of tube voltage with 370 mg I/mL iopromide,1 mL/kg;Group B,80 kV with 270 mg I/mL iodixanol,1 mL/kg;Group C,70 kV with 270 mg I/mL iodixanol,0.8 mL/kg.All the patients underwent CCTA with a 256 row wide-coverage volumetric CT.Automatic tube current modulation technique was applied.The images were reconstructed by adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction V (ASIR-V).The subjective image quality scores were compared with rank-sum test.The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR),contrast-to-noise ratio(CNR),effective dose(ED)and the total iodine intake were calculated and compared with one-way ANOVA.Results No statistically differences in age,gender,heart rate and BMI were observed among the three groups (P>0.05).Subjective image quality scores had no difference among the three groups (P>0.05).The CT values of group C were higher than those of group A(P<0.05).The image noise of group C was higher than that of group A and group B (P<0.05).No significant differences in SNR and CNR were noticed among the three groups (P>0.05).The ED of group B (0.39±0.08)mSv and group C (0.19±0.01)mSv were lower than that of group A (0.81±0.19)mSv (each P<0.05).Compared with group A,the decrease rates of ED of group B and C were 51.8% and 76.5% respectively.Compared with group A and group B,the total iodine intake of group C was decreased by 25% and 21.4% (P<0.05).Conclusion 70 kV of tube voltage combined with low dose and low concentration of contrast medium in CCTA can reduce the radiation dose and iodine intake without compromising image quality.

14.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 916-918,922, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606312

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the curative effect of low-temperature plasma-assisted uvulopalatopharyngoplasty(UP-PP)in the patients with positional and non-positional obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS).Methods Twenty-six patients with OSAHS diagnosed by polysomnography monitoring receiving the low-temperature plasma-assisted UPPP in our hospital from January 2014 to December 2015 were selected and divided into the positional OSAHS group(PPs) and non-positional OSAHS group(NPPs) according to the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) under different sleep positional status.The AHI change before and after operation and operation effective rate were compared between the two groups.Results Theoverall AHI,supine position AHI and lateral position AHI in the PPs group all were lower than those in the NPPs group(P<0.05),moreover the blood oxygen related indexes were higher than those in the NPPs group(P<0.05).The overall surgical effective rate in the OSAHS patients was 73.08% (19/26),in which the surgical effective rate was 100% (7/7) in the PPs group and 63.16% (12/19) in the NPPs group,the difference between the two groups had no statistical significance(P=0.13).The postoperative total AHI,supine position AHI and lateral position AHI in the two groups were decreased compared with before operation(P<0.05);the decrease range of lateral position AHI in the NPPs group was significantly higher than that in the supine position AHI[0.96(0.86,1.00)vs.0.53(0.34,0.77),P<0.01].78.95 % (15/19) postoperation patients in the NPPs group converted to PPs.Conclusion Low-temperature plasma-assisted UPPP has some effects on OSAHS patients,in which the benefit of NPPs are more apparent.

15.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2343-2346, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620358

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of HSPA9 in hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) and its relationship with clinicopathological features and prognosis.Methods Forty-nine cases HCC treated by operative resection and follow up data in our hospital from January 2006 to January 2010 were retrospectively analyzed.Immunohistochemistry was performed to determine the expression of HSPA9 in HCC and paratumor tissues.The relationship between HSPA9 expression and clinicopathological features and prognosis was statistically analyzed.Results The HSPA9 protein expression in tumor tissue was higher that that in the paratumor tissue(t=6.601,P<0.01),moreover the over expression of HSPA9 was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis (P =0.005),TNM-stage(P =0.015),tumor differentiation (P =0.033),microvascular invasion (P =0.009) and recurrence (P =0.047).In the survival analysis results,the patients with over expression of HSPA9 had a much lower total survival rate(P=0.002)and much higher postoperative cumulative recurrence rate(P =0.003).There were significant differences in TNM-stage,microvascular invasion,lymph node metastasis,tumor differentiation and HSPA9 staining for overall survival and cumulative recurrence rate based on a univariate analysis(P<0.05).Conclusion HSPA9 has over expression in HCC.The over expression of HS-PA9 is closely related to invasion and metastasis pathological features and can serve as an independent prognostic risk factor for predicting the prognosis of HCC.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493941

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect and mechanism of fragile site WWOX gene on regulating proliferation of gallbladder cancer cells in vitro. Methods The pcDNA3.0 - WWOX recombinant plasmid which was previous successfully built was transfected to GBC-SD cells and empty carrier by liposome medium. Liposome and GBC-SD were served as the negative control and the blank control,respectively. After 48 hours transfection, inverted microscope was used to observe the changes of gallbladder cancer cells' morphology,MTT and BrdU were used to detect the proliferation level of gallbladder cancer cells,and flow cytometry instrument was used to detect the change of the cell proliferation cycle. Results The results of inverted microscope shown: the number of GBC-SD cells in pcDNA3.0-WWOX group decreased significantly,the suspension cells and cell debris increased,while cells in the vector control,NC and Mock groups were in normal proliferation state. MTT test showed the proliferation levels of GBC-SD cells in pcDNA3.0-WWOX group was lower than those in the control group in 24 h,48 h,72 h,96 h and 120 h,and the differences were statistically significant(P 0.05). Conclusion The overexpression of WWOX gene in vitro could effectively inhibit the proliferation activity of gallbladder cancer cells. WWOX might participate in the development of the malignant biological behavior of gallbladder cancer cells. It is expected to become a new potential target for the gene therapy to gallbladder cancer.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749656

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To discuss the clinical characteristics of bilateral bronchial foreign body in children, increase the curative rate and reduce the complications.@*METHOD@#The clinical data of 35 cases with bilateral bronchial foreign body in children were retrospectively analysed, including surgery, key surgery points, and postoperative combined therapy.@*RESULT@#The foreign bodies of all cases were removed under intravenous general and tropical anesthesia without complications.@*CONCLUSION@#The bilateral bronchial foreign body is a serious case, the timely and effective treatment can lower the mortality rate and postoperative complications. The children lack of oxygen for a long time before and in operation should be give comprehensive therapy, for example: sedation and hyperbaric oxygen.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Bronchi , Pathology , Bronchoscopy , Child , Foreign Bodies , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Humans , Oxygen , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509042

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily explore the effects of gene knock-out and overexpression of aldolase A on tumor cell proliferation,and then confirm the relationship between aldolase A and tumor growth during the process of anaerobic metabolism. Methods Through vector plasmid building and lentiviral infection,the cell lines stably overexpressing aldolase A and its gene knock-out cell lines were constructed respectively. The restructured cell lines were validated on gene and protein levels. Then ,the changes of cell proliferation ratio were observed. Results Real time PCR results showed that aldolase A gene expression of the overex?pressing cell line was about 3 times that of the normal cells. Among the five interfering targets of aldolase A designed according to aldol?ase A RNA sequences,aldolase A4 had more obvious interference effect on the target gene expression,the aldolase A mRNA level of which was about 1/50 of the normal cells. Compared with normal control group,the proliferation rate of aldolase A gene overexpression significantly increased by 40% in 48 h(P<0.05),while the proliferation rate of aldolase A gene knock out cells significantly de?creased about 86%in 24 h(P<0.05). Conclusion Aldolase A expressions have obvious effects on hepatocellular carcinoma cells.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482474

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of Danshen in the treatment of severe hand-foot-and-mouth disease and investigate its mechanism.Methods One hundred and forty cases of children with severe hand foot and mouth diseases who hospitalized the intensive care unit were enrolled in the study from February 2012 to July 2014.The children were randomly divided into a control group and an observation group,with 70 cases in each group.The control group was given antiviral to reduce the intracranial pressure and intravenous immunoglobulin and the observation group was given Danshen in addition to the control group.The levels of neuron specific enolase (NSE)、S-100βprotein、TNF-α and IL-6 were detected at admission and checked again seven days after treatment.The changes of the above indicators and the clinical curative effect were compared before and after therapy.Results The total effective rate of the control group and the observation group was 80.0% and 92.9% respectively,showing statistical significance(P<0.05). After treatment, observation group of serum NSE (9.42 ± 2.56μg/Lvs. 11.71 ± 3.21μg/L,t=2.159), S-100β (177.34 ± 87.28 ng/Lvs. 286.14 ± 159.69 ng/L, t=2.315), TNF-α (15.98 ± 4.35 ng/Lvs. 23.17 ± 4.80 ng/L, t=4.297), IL-6 (41.72 ± 6.64 ng/Lvs. 52.05 ± 9.33 ng/L,t=3.492) , the level of were lower than those in the control group(P<0.05 orP<0.01). In the observation group, serum. The fever clearance time、the disappearance time of rash and the hospitalization time in the observation group (3.55 ± 1.02 d vs.4.55 ± 1.09 d, 7.14 ± 1.04 d) were shorter than those in the control group (4.46 ± 0.97 d vs.5.88 ± 1.44 d, 8.68 ± 1.06 d;t=5.409, 6.161, 8.677 respectively, P<0.01).Conclusions On the basis of conventional therapy,Danshen can effectively alleviate the systemic inflammatory response in children with severe hand foot and mouth diseases, reduce brain damage and improve the clinical efficacy.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746883

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of combination of thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TI-RADS) and enhanced flow (e-Flow) in the qualitative diagnosis of thyroid nodules; and to compare the diagnostic efficiency between e-Flow and color doppler flow imaging (CDFI.@*METHOD@#The study chose 133 patients with 179 nodules (127 benign, 52 malignant nodules) who had per-operative ultrasound examination of their thyroid using grey-scale ultrasound, CDFI, e-Flow, and their noudles were graded by TI-RADS. Then the ultrasound diagnostic value were compared with their surgical pathology results by TI-RADS; TI-RADS and CDFI; TI-RADS and e-Flow, and diagnostic efficiency between e-Flow and CDFI were compared.@*RESULT@#The results revealed that combination of TI-RADS and e-Flow had a higher sensitivity (94.23%, P < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between TI-RADS and the combination of TI-RADS and CDFI. Likewise, there was no significant difference between the combination of TI-RADS and e-Flow and the combination of TI-RADS and CDFI. The e-Flow showed a higher sensitivity, specificity and accuracy compare to the CDFI.@*CONCLUSION@#Combining e-Flow and TI-RADS could improve the sensitivity in qualitative diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Also, e-Flow has a better diagnostic efficiency of thyroid nodules.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis, Differential , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Nodule , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Ultrasonography
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