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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 977-979, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924809

ABSTRACT

Malignant hepatobiliary tumors mainly include hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and biliary tract cancer (BTC) and are common malignancies in China that seriously threaten the life and health of the Chinese people. Malignant hepatobiliary tumors often have an insidious onset, and most patients have lost the opportunity for surgery due to the advanced stage at initial diagnosis. The treatment of advanced HCC mainly depends on systemic therapy such as sorafenib, lenvatinib, donafenib, regorafenib, apatinib, and systemic chemotherapy, but such treatment often has a limited effect. The treatment of advanced BTC mainly relies on systemic chemotherapy, which often has an unsatisfactory effect. The advent of the era of immunotherapy brings new hope to the treatment of advanced malignant hepatobiliary tumors. Atezolizumab combined with bevacizumab and sintilimab combined with a bevacizumab biosimilar IBI305 have been approved as the first-line treatment of advanced HCC. The treatment regimens, such as Chemotherapy-based immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) or ICI combined with targeted drugs, have made great progress in the treatment of advanced BTC, and although these regimens can significantly improve the overall survival of patients, they often bring obvious and even life-threatening adverse reactions, which should be taken seriously by clinicians. In addition, further studies are needed to investigate the value of ICI-based combination therapy in the perioperative treatment of malignant hepatobiliary tumors.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930869

ABSTRACT

The clinical application of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has significantly improved the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. With the widespread applica-tion of ICIs in HCC, the management of immune-related adverse events (irAE) gained more and more attention. However, the complicated disease characteristics and various combination therapies in HCC throw out challenges to irAE management. Therefore, the editorial board of the 'Chinese expert consensus on the management of immune-related adverse events of hepatocellular carcinoma treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (2021 edition)' organizes multidisciplinary experts to discuss and formulate this consensus. The consensus focuses on issues related to HCC irAE manage-ment, and puts forward suggestions, in order to improve standardized and safety clinical medication, so as to maximize the benefits of immunotherapy for patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 559-563, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806865

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of emergency thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in patients with acute traumatic thoracic aortic injury. @*Method@#From January 2014 to December 2016, a total of 35 patients with acute traumatic thoracic aortic injuries were treated with emergency TEVAR in our hospital, their clinical data were analyzed retrospectively in this study.@*Results@#The patients were 42 (34, 55) years old,and there were 31 males.All cases were diagnosed by emergency aorta computed tomography angiography (CTA),and 5 cases were diagnosed as aortic transaction, 13 cases were diagnosed as aortic pseudoaneurysm, 7 cases were diagnosed as aortic dissection, and 10 cases were diagnosed as aortic intramural hematoma combined hemothorax.The concomitant injuries included cerebral contusion (3 cases, 8.6%), pulmonary contusion with rib fracture (31 cases, 88.5%), long bone fracture (7 cases, 22.5%), contusion of viscera or internal organs (3 cases, 8.6%).Emergency TEVAR were performed with vascular suture system preset under local anesthesia after diagnosis,and combined injury was treated in related departments.CTA was repeated after 1, 3 and 6 months and yearly thereafter. One patient died before transferring to catheter room,and 34 (97.1%) patients underwent TEVAR procedure successfully.Time from door to operating room was (88.6±26.6) minutes,and the procedure time was (52.0±9.4) minutes. A total of 69 Perclose Proglide vascular suture system were used,and 2 cases underwent surgical suture because of hematoma and pseudoaneurysm formation in femoral arteries.The involved length of thoracic aorta was (44.5±7.4)mm. A total of 46 stent-grafts were implanted, the length of stent-graft was (164.3±15.2)mm,and the proximal oversize rate was (22.3±8.6)%. The follow-up time was 24 (12,24) months, and there were no procedure related complication such as endoleak and paraplegia. Complete aortic remodeling was observed in 14 cases. Fully thrombolization at stent segments were observed in 7 cases. Fully thrombalization of pseudoaneurysms were observed in 13 cases. One patient complained mild left upper limb weakness due to left subclavian artery occlusion.@*Conclusion@#Emergency TEVAR is safe and effective procedure for the treatment of patients with acute traumatic thoracic aortic injury.

4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 203-207, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806204

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of transcatheter closure of anastomotic leakage after aortic surgery using Amplatzer Vascular Plug Ⅲ (AVP Ⅲ).@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed in 5 patients with anastomotic leakage after aortic surgery, who underwent transcatheter closure in our hospital from January to June 2017 using AVP Ⅲ. Surgeries were performed in 3 cases of Standford type A dissection, 1 case of ascending aortic aneurysm and 1 case of persistent truncus.There were 3 males,and age was (43.8±13.1) years old. Anastomotic leakages located at the ascending aorta in 4 patients, and the other one located between the aortic arch and the stent-graft.Three of them had aorta-right atrium fistula and patients suffered from progressive heart failure. False aneurysm between aorta and pulmonary artery was formed in 1 patient, and patent aortic false lumenwas found in the other patient. All the AVP Ⅲ were deployed based on a femoral arteriosus loop. Patients were followed up after transcatheter closure to observe the clinical results.@*Results@#Six AVP Ⅲ were successfully implanted in the 5 patients. Trivial residual shunt was seen in 1 patient after closure. The patients were followed up 6 (1, 6) months. The cardiac function improved from NYHA class Ⅱ-Ⅳ to class Ⅰ-Ⅱ after the procedure in 3 congestive heart failure patients.The right atrium systolic pressure was significantly reduced after the procedure((8.7±1.8) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. (24.3±2.3) mmHg, P=0.03). The diameter of the false aneurysm reduced in 1 patient after the procedure. Complete thrombosis formation of the thoracic false lumen was observed in 1 patient.@*Conclusion@#Transcatheter closure of anastomotic leakage after aortic surgery using AVP Ⅲ is feasible and effective according to our primary experience.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 947-951, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734289

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the discovery of stent graft mis-deployed into false lumen during aortic dissection treatment and re-deployment.Methods Retrospective analysis of the data of deployment of the stent-graft into the false lumen in the initial treatment of aortic dissection between January 2013 to December 2017.Of the five cases,there were three males and two females,range from 28 to 52 year old.Two patients,suffered from acute Stanford type A aortic dissection,with aortic surgical replacement and circulatory elephant trunk technique,displayed the visceral ischemia and internal environment disorder postoperatively.An emergency CT angiography showed that the deployed stent-graft was in the false lumen.Another two cases with sub-acute Stanford type B aortic dissection underwent TEVAR.The stent-grafts were put in the false lumen intra-operatively,one patient with pregnancy-induced hypertension suffered from acute Stanford type B aortic dissection.An emergency endovascular repair was set under general anesthesia to deal with this problem.New stent-graft was utilized to correct the blood flow into true lumen via flap fenestration or secondary intimal tear.Results The successful rate of this operation was 100%.Time of surgery spanned from 45 minutes to 120 minutes,and blood loss was estimated to be from 50 ml to 100 ml.Five stent grafts were placed with 160 mm length and 6 mm taper and one was 120 mm length and 10 mm taper.Patients were observed in ICU for three days and discharged from hospital after seven days.No complications such as paraplegia,visceral ischemia,etc occurred.Postoperative aortic CTA one month later showed no complications,such as endoleak,etc.The stents were in ideal position,with fluent blood flow of aorta and major visceral artery.Conclusions Deployment of the stent-graft in the false lumen is a rare and critical complication in the treatment of aortic dissection.In addition to clinical manifestations and laboratory tests,aortic CTA could identify this complication quickly and accurately.Endovascular repair was recommended as primary treatment of choice,which could re-direct the blood flow into true lumen via flap fenestration or secondary intimal tear technology quickly and effectively.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616138

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of the study was to assess the distal aorta changes and prognosis after total arch replacement combined with stented elephant trunk implantation(Sun's procedure) for Marfan patients with Stanford type A aortic dissection involving the aortic arch.Methods Between February 2009 and February 2014,47 Marfan patients (38 males,9 females) with Stanford type A aortic dissection involving the aortic arch underwent Sun's procedure.Mean ages(32.43 ± 7.96) years(ranged from 19 to 50 years).According to whether the growth rate of the distal aortic diameter is more than 5 mm/year or not after the first year,the data it was divided into the improve group(29 cases) and the progressive group(18 cases).The residual false lumen thrombosis and the diameter of the distal aorta were evaluated by CT date.Results All patients were survived and discharged after Sun's procedure.The mean follow-up period was 1 years.The survival rate was 97.9% (46/47) and 1 patients died.The total recover of the distal aorta was achieved in12 patients(25.5%) after procedure.The reoperation of total thoracoabdominal aortic replacement rate of the distal aorta was 8.5% (4/47) and the reoperation interval was(9.88 ±2.84) month(6-12 month).Complete thrombus formation around the stented elephant trunk was observed in 85.1% (40 of 47).The annual rate of growth of the distal aorta were:the descending aorta segment of stented elephant trunk (0.00 s3.41) mm,the diaphragm level(1.14 ±2.20)mm,the renal artery level(0.97 ±2.15)mm.Complete thrombus formation around the stented elephant trunk of theprogressive group was lower thanthe improvegroup(72.2% vs 93.1%,P =0.089).The reoperation rate of total thoracoabdominal aortic replacement surgery of the progressive group was higher than the improve group(22.2% vs 0,P =0.017).The incidence of aortic rupture risk of the progressive group was higher than the improve group (5.6% vs 0,P =0.383).The diameter of the distal aorta after Sun's procedure of the progressive group was higher than the improve group after 1 year:the descending aorta segment of stented elephant trunk end(40.17 ±7.09) mm vs (27.86 ±6.77)mm(P <0.001),the diaphragm level(42.17 ±9.91)mm vs(27.48 ±7.14) mm(P <0.001),the renal artery level (38.22 ± 6.90) mm vs(24.00 ± 6.18) mm (P < 0.001),the difference was statistically significant.Conclusion Using Sun's procedure for Marfan patients with Stanford type A aortic dissection involving the aortic arch would promote false lumen thrombosis of stented elephant trunk and aortic remodeling and delay the time interval of the reoperation.The Marfan patients in progressive group which the diameter of the distal aortic growth rate was more than 5mm/year,should be actively carry out rigorous monitoring of the distal aorta and prevention of aortic rupture risk events.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615626

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of the hematoma involving the aortic arch in endovascular aortic repair of complicated type B intramural aortic hematoma. Methods A total of 69 patients[58men; mean age(58.1±8.9)years; range 38-77]underwent endovascular repair between February 2011 and June 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with hematoma involving about the left subclavian artery level were categorized as group A(n=28) and patients without hematoma involvement to the aortic arch were categorized as group B (n=41). Results All the patients were treated with coverd aortic stents. The success rate was 97.1% with complete isolation of lesion in 67 patients. The average follow-up period was(19.6±14.1)months. During perioperative period, no procedure related deaths was recorded. Perioperative complications include paraplegia in 1case(1.4%) in group B and stent graft-induced new entry in 2 cases(2.9%) in group A. During the follow-up period 1 case in group A within 1 month and another 1 case in group B within 1 year developed new entries at proximal end of stents. 1 case (1.4%) in group B had asymptomatic type Ⅰ endoleak 2 years after TEVAR. Conclusions Type B aortic intramural hematoma with arch involvement is not a risk factor of stent-induced new entry in perioperative period after endovascular treatment and further studies are needed. Strict control of blood pressure is essential for the prevention of stent-related complications.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 42-46, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509047

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the safety and efficacy of endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm(AAA) with hostile aortic proximal landing anatomy. Methods The clinical and imaging data of 147 AAA patients [135 males, (68.7 ± 8.9) years old, range 43-85 years old] with hostile aortic proximal landing anatomy treated by EVAR from January 2012 to December 2014 in our center were retrospectively analyzed. The range of maximum aneurysm diameter was 45-100 mm; the length range of proximal aneurysm neck was 7-32 mm;the width range of proximal aneurysm neck was 15-30 mm, and the infrarenal angulation was 10°-90° . In addition, there were atherosclerotic changes in the proximal neck in 43 cases. Follow-up protocol consisted of evaluation of clinical symptoms and cTA at 3, 6 and 12 months and annually thereafter. Results The technical success rate was 100%. Different procedures were adopted among patients, with 113 cases of EVAR, 3 cases of fenestrated EVAR and 24 cases of chimney EVAR. The intra-operative type Ia endoleak was observed in 32 cases, in which 25 of them were successfully treated by balloon angioplasty and the other 9 patients were treated with Cuff extension. During the mean follow-up period of 18 months (6-42 months), the accumulative survival rate was 98.0%(144/147),the patency rate of stents was 99.3%(146/147), and the thrombosis rate of aneurysm was 97.3%(143/147). Two patients died because of aneurysm rupture, and another case died of unknown reason. Two patients underwent secondary intervention successfully for the treatment of thrombosis formation and lumen occlusion in unilateral iliac stent in 1 case, and type Ⅲ endoleak in another case. No other complications such as misplace of stent grafts, no bilateral limb ischemia and stent infection were observed during follow-up. Conclusions EVAR is a safe and effective option to treat AAA with hostile aortic proximal landing anatomy. Choosing the most suitable stent-graft, the combination of various interventional techniques and close postoperative follow-up are the key points for successful treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 39-43, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303770

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the feasibility and clinical efficacy of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for patients with Stanford B aortic dissection using personalized two stent-grafts implantation (TSI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This retrospective review included 56 patients who underwent TSI during TEVAR for Stanford B aortic dissection from Jan 2012 to May 2013 in Beijing Anzhen hospital. There were 8 patients in acute phase (within 2 weeks from onset of symptoms), 11 patients in chronic phase (greater than 2 months following initial dissection) and 37 patients in subacute phase (between 2 weeks and 2 months from onset of symptoms). Infrarenal aorta was involved in 34 patients (60.7%) and suprarenal aorta involved in 22 patients (39.3%), the mean aortic lesion length was (226 ± 13)mm. Thoracic and abdominal aortic angiography was performed during operation to measure aortic diameters of proximal and distal landing zone, and the distance between them. The proximal stent-grafts were implanted in distal aorta to the origin of left subclavian artery with oversize rate of 10%-15% according to proximal landing zone according to procedural guideline. Then the distal newly customized large tapered stent-grafts were sequentially deployed according to the diameters of both the distal end of proximal stent and distal landing zone (aortic true lumen), and overlapping length of the two stent-grafts was more than 30 mm. Patients were followed-up at 3 months, 6 months, and yearly thereafter post operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TSI procedure was successful in all patients and 122 stent-grafts were implanted. The mean length of implanted stent-grafts was (197.6 ± 20.3)mm. The mean diameter taper span was (7.5 ± 1.8)mm with proximal oversize rate of (12.8 ± 3.4)% and distal oversize rate of (11.2 ± 4.1)%. The mean angle between the distal end of stent and aorta was (2.3 ± 1.3)°. The diameter of proximal and distal landing zone, and angle between the distal end of stent and aorta remained unchanged during follow up (mean: (10.0 ± 4.0) months). The total thrombosis rate of the false lumen was 98.2% (55/56), thrombosis rate of stent segment was 82.1% (46/56) . Stent-related complications were observed in 2 patients (3.6%) , including acute spinal cord ischemia due to paraplegia (n = 1) and malposition of distal stent (n = 1).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Encouraging short-term outcomes are obtained from current personalized two stent-grafts implantation strategy for patients with Stanford B aortic dissection. Further prospective clinical studies are warranted to evaluate the long-term efficacy of this procedure.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Aneurysm, Dissecting , Aorta , Aortic Aneurysm , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic , Therapeutics , Aortography , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Humans , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Stents , Subclavian Artery , Thrombosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 413-417, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328766

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the value of fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurement on endovascular therapy for patients with renal artery stenosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 9 patients underwent endovascular therapy due to moderate renal artery stenosis (50%-69%) in Anzhen hospital from May to September 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) were measured in patients with moderate stenosis in renal artery and abnormal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) or different between renal artery angiography and ultrasound before the procedure. Endovascular therapy was not applied for patients with FFR > 0.90, and the patients were subsequently followed up clinically. Endovascular therapy was applied in patients with FFR less than 0.90 or the pressure difference between the two ends of stenosis was more than 20 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa). Blood pressure, ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography data were obtained at 1 and 3 months later, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 6 patients diagnosed as severe renal artery stenosis (≥ 70%) and the other 3 patients diagnosed as moderate renal artery stenosis by renal artery ultrasound before operation. Two patients with FFR > 0.90 were not undertaken the endovascular therapy. Seven patients with FFR < 0.90 underwent endovascular therapy. After renal artery stenting, renal stenosis was relieved immediately and the transstent blood flow was fluency in these 7 patients. There was significant difference in the FFR before and after operation (0.81 ± 0.09 vs.0.94 ± 0.03, P = 0.008). Among the patients underwent endovascular therapy, blood pressure was normal without medication in 2 patients and well controlled with 1 or 2 combined antihypertensive drugs in the rest 5 patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In patients with moderate renal artery stenosis, fractional flow reserve measurement could be used as a useful index to guide intervention procedure and to evaluate the efficacy of endovascular therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiography , Constriction, Pathologic , Therapeutics , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Hemodynamics , Humans , Renal Artery , Diagnostic Imaging , Renal Artery Obstruction , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies , Stents , Ultrasonography
11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 854-857, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317675

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the value of fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurement on endovascular therapy for patients with renal artery stenosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 12 patients with Stanford B type aortic dissection complicated with renal blood flow injury in Anzhen hospital hospitalized from May 2013 to February 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Renal artery angiography was performed and fractional flow reserve (FFR) was measured before Thoracic endovascular aortic repair. After operation, renal artery FFR was measured again, and renal artery stenting was performed in patients with FFR ≤ 0.90 or average pressure difference between proximal and distal of renal artery > 20 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) and not applied for patients with FFR > 0.90.The patients were then subsequently followed up clinically. Kidney function were measured after 1 month, and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography data were obtained at 1 and 3 months later, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The FFR of 1 patient was 0.90, while the FFR of other patients were less than 0.90 before thoracic endovascular aortic repair. After the procedure,the angiography showed that the blood flow of renal artery in 8 patients were fluency, and the FFR index was over 0.90. There were 4 patients with FFR less than 0.90. After renal artery stenting, the FFR of these 4 patients were all above 0.90. Compared with pre-procedure, blood urea nitrogen ((8.84 ± 3.99) mmol/L vs. (5.18 ± 1.69) mmol/L, P = 0.011) and uric acid ((359.3 ± 77.3) µmol/L vs. (276.9 ± 108.3) µmol/L, P = 0.008) decreased significantly after 1 month, and there was no significant difference in serum creatinine (P = 0.760). Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography results showed that blood flow of renal artery were fluency after 1 month and 3 months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In patients with aortic dissection complicating renal blood flow injury, the FFR measurement is meaningful in evaluating the blood flow status of target organs and guide the endovascular revascularization.</p>


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Dissecting , Aortic Aneurysm , Endovascular Procedures , Hemodynamics , Humans , Kidney , Wounds and Injuries , Renal Circulation , Retrospective Studies , Stents
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451793

ABSTRACT

Objective To summraize the safety and efifcacy of modiifed transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect. Methods From Dec. 2012 to Dec. 2013, 100 cases performed modiifed transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect in our center (72 were famale and 28 were male) with average age (37±16) years. The diagnosis was conifrmed by transthoracic echocardiography. All the atrial septal defect closures were completed in the modiifed way by direct delivery of the closure devices without the need of guidence wire. Results One hundred and one defects were identiifed in 100 patients, with 1 patient had 2 defects. The mean diameter of the defect was (20.3±6.6) mm. 100 devices were implanted successfully. Complete closure was revealed in all the patients after the procedure. One patient developed atrial ifbrillation during the procedure. No other serious complication occurred till the last follow-up. Conclusions The modiifed transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect is an effective procedure with high successful rate and low rate of complications.

13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 38-42, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356442

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical characteristics of pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS) and to improve doctors' awareness and the early diagnosis of this disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 9 cases confirmed by operation and pathology of PAS from November 2001 to November 2012 in Beijing Anzhen Hospital were reviewed. The clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, imaging manifestation, pathology as well as follow-up were studied. Survival was determined by the Kaplan-Merier method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1)Main clinical manifestations were chest distress (8/9), palpitation (2/9), syncope (2/9), cough (2/9), weight loss (2/9) and chest pain (1/9). (2)Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) , high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were all elevated to different extents, but D-Dimer remained in the normal range. (3) Seven cases received CTPA examination and evidenced filling defect in the main pulmonary artery trunk (6/7), left pulmonary artery (6/7), right pulmonary artery (7/7). 7 cases received TTE examination and showed enlarged right ventricle (6/7) : mean right ventricular end-diastolic diameter was (38.54 ± 16.30) mm; enlarged right atrium (7/7): mean right atrium diameter was (55.11 ± 5.45) mm; and tricuspid insufficiency (7/7) : estimated mean pulmonary artery pressure was (81.14 ± 21.17) mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) , and pulmonary stenosis (5/7) . Four cases received deep venous ultrasound examination and deep venous thrombosis (DVT) was found in 1 patient. Four cases received Ganz catheter examination and the preoperative and postoperative mean pulmonary artery pressure was (52.00 ± 5.23) mmHg and (23.00 ± 5.60) mmHg, respectively. (4) All 9 patients received surgery and intimal sarcoma was diagnosed in all of them. Leiomyosarcoma was diagnosed in 3 cases, leiomyo-angiosarcoma was diagnosed in 1 case, undifferentiated sarcomas was diagnosed in 1 case. (5)The 1-, 3- and 5-month survival was 71.4%, 53.6% and 35.7%, respectively, median survival time was 5 months post surgery.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PAS is difficult to differentiate with PTE. PAS should be suspected in patient with right atrium, right ventricular enlargement and early appeared right heart failure, and normal D-Dimer level. Outcome for PAS patients is poor despite surgery in this cohort.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hemangiosarcoma , Diagnosis , Pathology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Artery , Pathology , Retrospective Studies
14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 111-115, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414028

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the combination of dual-energy CT angiography (DE-CTA) and dual-energy CT peffusion (DE-CTP) in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Methods Thirty-one patients with angina pectoris were examined using dual-source dual energy CT and conventional coronary angiography. For DE-CTA, we used a contrast-enhanced ECG-gated coronary scan protocol with energy levels of two tube detector arrays at 140 and 100 kVp. Two kinds of acquired images were fused for the CT angiogram and further calculated to construct a perfusion map (Siemens DE Heart PBV). The compared the following results: DE-CTA vs. CA, DE-CTP vs. CA to assess the sensitivity and specificity, and further compared DE-CTA plus DE-CTP with CA. Results DECT obtained diagnostic image quality in 28 patients.DE-CTA detected 41/112 arterial stenosis. Using CA as a reference, the sensitivity of DE-CTA was 81%(38/47), specificity was 95% (62/65), positive predictive value was 92% (38/41), negative predictive value was 87% (62/71), and accuracy was 89% (100/112). DE-CTP detected 46 perfusion defects in artery territories. Using CA as a reference, the sensitivity of DE-CTP was 76% ( 36/47), specificity was 85% (55/65), positive predictive value was 78% (36/46), negative predictive value was 83% (55/66),and accuracy was 81% (91/112). DE-CTA plus DE-CTP diagnosed 52 arteries stenosis. Using CA as a reference, combination of DE-CTA and DE-CTP gave sensitivity of 95% ( 45/47 ), specificity of 89%(58/65) , NPV of 97% (58/60), and accuracy of 92% (103/112). Conclusions DECT can provide perfusion blood volume information as well as vessel pathology in one scan. DECT can provide comprehensive diagnosis and improve diagnosis of CAD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 22-25, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384787

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of evaluating cardiac structure, coronary artery,pulmonary artery and cardiac function in one single scan by 320-row CT ECG-gated double phase cardiac function scan mode. MethodsForty patients underwent the 320-detector row CT double phase cardiovascular angiography. The pulmonary phase and aortic phase were reconstructed in order to evaluate the pulmonary and coronary artery. MPR reconstructions of both pulmonary and aortic phase were used to analyze the function of the two ventricles. And the results of the cardiac function were compared with those of transthoracic echocardiography. Thirty-five cases could be analyzed and diagnosed, while the other 5 cases had to be given up because of the poor imaging quality. The mean heart rate was (71.2 ± 11.2) beat per min (bpm). No arrhythmia case included. Results ( 1 ) Pulmonary embolism were diagnosed in 11 cases,coronary artery disease (CAD) were found in 5 cases, while post-stent implantation were observed in 7 cases. Six cases of congenital heart disease were diagnosed with 3 ASD and 3 primary pulmonary hypertension. Another one was diagnosed with left atrial myxoma, and 5 cases were pulmonary embolism associated with CAD. All of above cases were verified by final clinical diagnosis. (2) The heart function parameters including LVEDd , RVEDd, LVESd, RVESd and LVEF were (36.7 ±3.3), (43.3 ± 3.4) mm,(31.6±5.1), (41.3 ±5.1) mm and (47.1 ±15.1) for CT, while those were (40.3 ±3.1), (47.3 ±4.2) mm,(37.3 ±5.6), (45.3 ±3.3) mm,and (46.0 ± 14.8) for ultrasound, respectively. The CT results were correlated with the ultrasound ( n = 35, r = 0.886-0.988, P < 0.01 ). (3) The average radiation exposure was ( 5.4 ± 0.5 ) mSv. Conclusions 320-row CT ECG-gated double phase cardiac function scan mode is feasible for the "one-stop-shop" examination of the cardiovascular disease. This noninvasive method is recommended for the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of cardiovascular disease.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 479-483, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389529

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility and accuracy of enhanced magnetic resonance pulmonary perfusion imaging(MRPP) in the diagnosis and follow-up of pulmonary embolism(PE). Methods Sixty patients suspected of PE underwent MRPP. Twenty-seven patients also underwent radionuclide perfusion imaging. 22 patients repeated MRPP examination after 3 day to 1 month anticoagulation or thrombolytic therapy. The feasibility and accuracy of MRPP in the diagnosis and follow-up of PE were evaluated according to the transformation rate of signal (TROS), time-signal curve and some parameters of main pulmonary artery(such as peak value of flow,mean flow velocity and flow rate). The t test and rank sum test were used for the statistics. Results MRPP showed a high agreement with radionuclide perfusion imaging. TROS was (2. 86 ± 2. 48 ) vs ( 6. 72 ± 2. 54) ( t = 3. 370, P < 0. 01 ), the peak time was ( 13.98 ±5.60) vs ( 12. 33 ± 3.63 ) s ( t = 3. 930, P < 0. 01 ), the peak value of main pulmonary blood flow was (60.39 ± 15. 17) vs (69.93±13.22) cm/s(t=2.930, P<0. 01) and mean flow velocity (11.68±5.46) vs ( 13.54 ± 4. 18 ) cm/s ( t = 2. 380, P < 0. 05 ) before and after anticoagulation or thrombolytic therapy. The flow rate per unit was (80. 57 ± 24. 87) vs ( 85.48 ± 11.81 ) ml/s ( t = 0. 86,P > 0. 05 ) . Conclusion MRPP shows a high agreement with radionuclide perfusion imaging and is a useful method for the diagnosis and follow-up of PE.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 926-930, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387247

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of dual-energy CT pulmonary angiography (DE-CTPA) and dual-energy CT lung perfusion (DE-CTLP) in the assessment of pulmonary embolism comparing with pulmonary ventilation-perfusion scintigraphy. Methods Fifty patients suspected of PE (26 males, 24 females) underwent both DE-CTPA, DE-CTLP and pulmonary ventilation-perfusion scintigraphy. The results were compared and the correlation between the intravascular clots in DE-CTPA and the perfusion defects in DE-CTLP was analyzed. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of DE-CTLP for PE were assessed according to scintigraphic results which was considered as a "gold" standard. Result ( 1 ) Of 50 cases,920 segments in 46 cases were diagnostable, 4 cases were not included because of the poor image quality. lntravascular clots were found in 262 segments on DE-CTPA and perfusion defects in 266 segments were identified on DE-CTLP, while 268 segments were positive on scintigraphy. (2) The perfusion defects on DE-CTLP were correlated well with the clots on CTPA ( r = 0. 883, P < 0. 01 ). The Dual energy CT Lung perfusion imaging had a good consistence with scintigraphy (Kappa = 0. 940, P <0. 01 ). The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value were 96. 2% (279/290), 98.0%(641/654), 95. 5% (279/292) and 98. 3% (641/652), respectively. (3)The radiation dose of DE-CTPA and CE-CTLP scan was(4. 37 ± 0. 47) mSv by using CareDose 4D technique. Conclusion DE-CTPA and CE-CTLP can provide pulmonary vascular morphology and parenchyma perfusion information which are useful and valuable for the diagnosis of PE.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-624819

ABSTRACT

It is urgent to train the eye residents'communication skills because of the increasing number of medical disputes. Eye residents improved their doctor-patient communication skills by enhancing awareness on the importance of communication,performing education of psychology and communication skills,understanding a variety of medical laws and regulations,improving clinical skills,and training good medical ethics. No medical disputes happened through such training and assessing. Based on the practice of communication training,this paper puts forward some possible solutions.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-524805

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the distribution and features of the optic cup stem cells in embryonic rat at tailbud stage. Methods The distribution of optic cup stem cells in optic cup tissue in 12.5-embryonic-day-old rats was observed by immunohistochemistry. The separated cells from optic cup were cultured with serum-free media, and immunofluorescence technique was used to detect the ability of hyperplasia of stem cells and expression of CHX10 antigen and specific antigens of mature retinal cells before and after differentiation. Results The optic cup stem cells in embryonic rat at tailbud stage were mainly located at inner, outer, and marginal layer of optic cup. No expression of specifically marked protein of mature retinal cells was detected. The cells separated from optic cup had the ability of single-cell clone, positive expression of CHX10 and expression of several specific antigens of mature retinal cells after the inducement, including Thy1.1, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), protein kinase C (PKC) ?, and rhodopsin. Conclusion Optic cup of 12.5-embryonic-day-old rats composes of undifferentiated cells, and the stem cells are mainly located in optic cup inner and marginal. High ability of hyperplasia of the optic cup stem cells cultured in vitro is found. The cells, which are retinal stem cells, can express several specifically marked proteins of mature retinal cells after inducement and differentiation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556271

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the location of embryonic optic cup stem cells during tailbud stage. Methods The embryonic optic cup at embryonic day 11~15 (E11~15) in rats was sectioned horizontally at 15 ?m thick. The distributive characteristics of embryonic optic cup progenitor cells were revealed by immunohistochemistry. Results ①The distribution of optic cup progenitors was mainly aggregated on the optic cup at E12.5. CHX10-positive cells were organized as stratified epithelium arrangement on optic cup inner layer. Clusters of CHX10-positive cells were observed at the edge of optic cup; ② Pigment appeared in the outer layer of optic cup at E13.5, and differentiation into ganglion cells was initiated. Conclusion The distribution of optic cup stem cells is mainly aggregated on the optic cup at E12.5 in which the differentiation into ganglion cells is not initiated.

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