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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862487

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the pharmacokinetic differences of pure salidroside and Kunfukang pills in rats and explore the pharmacokinetic changes of salidroside as a pure form or in the mixture. Methods The rats were divided into two groups. One group received pure salidroside and the other was administrated with kunfukang pills. Concentrations of salidroside in both groups were determined by LC/MS/MS method. The main pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated. Results AUC0−t of salidroside was (587.11±35.02) in pure salidroside group and (956.35±47.65)ng·h/ml in Kunfukang group. cmax was (85.81±15.66) and (143.86±46.91)ng/ml separately, with significant difference. Conclusion The results indicated that other components in kunfukang pills had influence on the absorption, distribution and elimination of salidroside.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878429

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the effects of antimicrobial peptide GH12 designed @*METHODS@#The cariogenic three-species biofilm consis-ted of the cariogenic @*RESULTS@#The biomass and density of the cariogenic three-species biofilm treated with GH12 decreased compared with those of the control. The number of @*CONCLUSIONS@#GH12 can reduce the number of


Subject(s)
Biofilms , Dental Caries , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Pore Forming Cytotoxic Proteins , Streptococcus mutans
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873609

ABSTRACT

@#Reoperation due to degenerated bioprostheses is an important factor of high-risk thoracic surgeries. In 2020 ACC/AHA guideline, Valve in Valve (ViV) was recommended for high-risk patient instead of surgical mitral valve replacement. This report described a 77-year-old male patient with a failed mitral bioprosthetic valve, evaluated at high risk of surgery, received a transvenous, transseptal transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR). Tracheal intubation was removed at CCU 3 h after surgery without discomfort such as polypnea. The patient was transferred out of the CCU and discharged on the 3rd day. Compared with transapical access, transvenous transseptal access was less invasive, with shorter duration in CCU and hospitalization.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT) on the treatment of adult acute leukemia patients, moreover, to establish and evaluate a Logistic model to predict the risk of relapse in adult acute leukemia patients after allo-HSCT.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 145 adult acute leukemia patients treated by peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2010 to December 2019 was enrolled and analyzed retrospectively. Complications and survival of patients were observed. The relationship between patients' age, diagnosis, leukocyte count at onset, risk stratification, time of diagnosis to transplantation, HCT-CI, minimal residual disease pre-transplantation, donor-recipient sex relationship, HLA match degree, prophylaxis of graft versus host disease(GVHD), donor age, number of transfused mononuclear cells, CD34 positive cells, engraftment time, acute and chronic GVHD, CMV, EBV infection, and hemorrhagic cystitis and recurrence after transplantation were analyzed by logistic regression. Relapse prediction model was established and evaluated according to the results.@*RESULTS@#Among 145 acute leukemia patients, 81 with acute myeloid leukemia, 64 with acute lymphocytic leukemia, 18 with EBV infection, 2 with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder(PTLD), 85 with CMV, 26 with hemorrhagic cystitis, 65 patients developed acute GVHD, 51 patients developed chronic GVHD and 45 patients relapsed. The overall survival (OS) rates in one and three years were 86.4% and 61.8%, and the progress-free survival (PFS) rates in one and three years were 67.5% and 62.4%, respectively. There were significant differences in OS and PFS between relapsed and non-relapsed patients, as well as AML and ALL patients. Univariate analysis revealed that patient's age, risk stratification, time to transplantation, HCT-CI index, ATG based GVHD prophylaxis, minimal residual disease pre-transplantation, GVHD prophylaxis, and acute and chronic GVHD were associated with the relapse of disease, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pre-transplantation minimal residual disease showed positively correlation with relapse of the disease, while chronic GVHD showed negatively correlation.@*CONCLUSION@#The relapse rate of adult acute leukemia patients treated with allo-HSCT in our hospital is 31.0%, and OS of AML patients is better than ALL patients'. OS of relapsed patients is significantly lower than non-relapsed patients'. Pre-transplantation minimal residual disease is a risk factor of relapse. The risk of relapse is reduced in patients with chronic GVHD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826706

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify the clinical effect of acupoint embedding therapy on post-stroke constipation.@*METHODS@#The multi-central randomized controlled trial was adopted. 210 patients of post-stroke constipation were divided into an acupoint embedding group (105 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a sham-embedding group (105 cases, 6 cases dropped off). In the acupoint embedding group, the acupoint embedding therapy was used at Tianshu (ST 25), Daheng (SP 15), Xiawan (CV 10), Zhongwan (CV 12), Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan (CV 4) and Daju (ST 27). In the sham-embedding group, the sham-embedding therapy was given, in which, the acupoint selection, needle devices and manipulation were the same as the acupoint embedding group. But, no absorbable surgical suture was used in the needle tube. The treatment was given once every two weeks and 4 treatments were required in either group. It was to compare the weekly average complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs) during treatment (from the 3rd to the 8th week) between the two groups, the weekly average spontaneous bowel movements (SBMs), Bristol stool form score (BSFS), the score of the patient assessment of constipation quality of life questionnaire (PAC-QOL) and the score of defecation difficulty before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The percentage of the cases with weekly average CSBMs ≥ 3 times in the patients of the acupoint embedding group was higher markedly than the sham-embedding group [91.1% (92/101) vs 43.4% (43/99), <0.01]. Compared with the values before treatment, the weekly average SBMs and BSFS scores after treatment were all increased obviously in the two groups (<0.01), and PAC-QOL score and the score of defecation difficulty were reduced remarkably (<0.01). After treatment, the increase range of SBMs and BSFS scores, as well as the decrease range of PAC-QOL score and the defecation difficulty score in the acupoint embedding group were all higher than the sham-embedding group respectively (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The acupoint embedding therapy remarkably increases the spontaneous bowel movements, improves in feces form and defecation difficulty and strengthens the quality of life in the patients of post-stroke constipation.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Constipation , Therapeutics , Humans , Quality of Life , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20) through "Qubin" (GB 7) on NLRP3 inflammatory corpuscle in rats with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and to explore the action mechanism of acupuncture on promoting the recovery of neural function in rats with ICH.@*METHODS@#Forty SPF six-week-old male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a non-acupoint group and an acupuncture group, 10 rats in each group. The rats in the model group, non-acupoint group and acupuncture group were intervened with autologous blood injection to prepare ICH model, while the rats in the sham operation group were only intervened with operation but not injection with autologous blood. About 3 hours after the establishment of the model, the rats in the acupuncture group were intervened with acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20) through "Qubin" (GB 7), once every 12 hours, for 7 days; the rats in the non-acupoint group were intervened with acupuncture at the non-acupoint [parallel to the "Baihui" (GV 20), 1 cm next to the midline] on the affected side, and other treatment was the same as the acupuncture group. At the end of the intervention, the composite nerve function score of each group was evaluated; the histomorphology of the hemorrhage penumbra was observed by HE staining; the expression of NLRP3 inflammatory corpuscle in the brain was detected by immunohistochemistry; the relative protein expression levels of NLRP3, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) in brain were detected by the method of Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Seven days into intervention, compared with the sham operation group, each item score and total score of composite nerve function in the model group were significantly reduced (<0.01, <0.05). There was edema and karyopyknosis in brain neuron as well as necrocytosis and inflammatory cell infiltration in the model group. Compared with the model group and the non-acupoint group, the total score of composite nerve function and the scores of symmetrical movement of limbs (LS) and proprioception of tentacles (VP) in the acupuncture group were increased (<0.01, <0.05), and the cell necrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration were relieved. Compared with the sham operation group, NLRP3 inflammatory corpuscle expression and the relative protein expression levels of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 in brain tissue in the model group were increased (<0.01); compared with the model group and the non-acupoint group, NLRP3 inflammatory corpuscle expression and the relative protein expression levels of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 in brain tissue in the acupuncture group were reduced (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20) through "Qubin" (GB 7) could downregulate the expression of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 in the brain tissue of ICH rats, inhibit the inflammatory response, and promote the recovery of neural function.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Brain , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Interleukin-18 , Metabolism , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Male , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787728

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of sublingual immunotherapy with Dermatophagoides Farinae on the expression of specific IgG4(sIgG4) in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) in Hainan area. Seventy-two patients with dust-mite allergic rhinitis, all three generations of whom were local islanders in Hainan, were randomly divided into control group(36 cases) and SLIT group(36 cases). sIgG4 and sIgE expression levels were detected before treatment, 6 months after treatment, 12 months after treatment, and 18 months after treatment. The patient's symptom score, medication score, VAS score and adverse reactions was also assessed. Finally, through statistical analysis of the relevant data collected at 4 time points in the two groups of patients, the efficacy, safety and changes of sIgG4 antibody expression level in patients with allergic rhinitis receiving sublingual specific immunotherapy in Hainan were observed. Symptoms scores, medication scores and VAS scores were significantly improved in the SLIT group after treatment compared with before treatment(0.05). In the control group, symptom scores, medication scores and VAS scores were also significantly improved compared with before treatment(0.05). When comparing the two groups, Symptoms scores, medication scores and VAS scores of the SLIT group were significantly lower than those of the control group at 12 months and 18 months after treatment(0.05). No severe systemic adverse reactions occurred in the two groups, and 3 patients showed mild adverse reactions in the SLIT group. Sublingual immunotherapy of Dermatophagoides Farinae was effective and could increase the expression of sIgG4 in patients with Dermatophagoides farinae AR, sIgG4 is expected to be an immunological marker for the objective evaluation of the clinical efficacy of Hapten.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873122

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the expressions of tight junction proteins (claduin-1, claudin-7 occludin)of psoriasis-like lesions in mice, and clarify the effect of Yangxue Jiedu decoction on the epidermal barrier of psoriasis, so as to provide scientific basis for the treatment of psoriasis with Yangxue Jiedu decoction. Method::C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, methotrexate group and Yangxue Jiedu decoction.Methotrexate solution and water decoction of Yangxue Jiedu decoction were prepared, and the mice were given imiquimot to induce psoriasis-skin lesions after the hair was shaved.Daily photos were taken to record the forms of skin lesions and psoriasis area and severity index(PASI) scores.Water and oil test pens were used to detect skin moisture content. The pathological changes were observed by htoxylin eosin (HE) staining, and the epidermal thickness was measured.Ki67 was detected by immunofluorescence. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expressions of loricrin, CD3+ T lymphocyte infiltration and claduin-1, claudin-7, occludin.In addition, the expressions of claudin-7 and occludin in skin lesions were detected by Western blot.Meanwhile, interleukin-17(IL-17) (1 mg·L-1) was used to simulate the microenvironment of psoriasis skin lesions, and the intervention was conducted by making Yangxue component, Jiedu component and Yangxue Jiedu dry powder.The toxicity of the drug on Hacat cells was detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8)method.The effect of the drugs on the expressions of claudin-1, claudin-7, occludin in Hacat was detected by immunofluorescence assay. Result::Yangxue Jiedu decoction could significantly reduce the psoriasis skin lesions in mice, and reduce the PASI score and skin thickness (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the skin moisture content in the lesion was increased (P<0.01). Abnormal expressions of ki67 and loricrin in epidermis and infiltration of CD3+ T cells were reduced (P<0.01). In addition, the expressions of claudin-1, claudin-7, occludin proteins (P<0.05), and the integrity of the tight junction structure were increased.In vitro studies, compared with the model group, the expressions of claudin-1, claudin-7, and occludin in the Yangxue Jiedu group and Yangxue group were increased (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, there was no statistically significant difference in protein expression in the Jiedu group. Conclusion::By regulating the expressions of tight junction proteins between keratinocytes, Yangxue Jiedu decoction can inhibit the abnormal proliferation and differentiation, and further restore the broken epidermal barrier.Yangxue Jiedu decoction plays a role in regulating tight junction mainly through Yangxue component.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869853

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of parecoxib sodium on phenotypic transformation of alveolar macrophages in a mouse model of ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI).Methods:Forty-five SPF healthy adult male C57BL/6J mice, weighing 22-30 g, aged 8-12 weeks, were divided into 3 groups ( n=15 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (S group), VALI group (V group) and parecoxib sodium group (P group). Lipopolysaccharide 20 ng was intraperitoneally injected, and 2 h later the animals were mechanically ventilated (tidal volume 30 ml/kg, respiratory rate 70 breaths/min, inspiratory/expiratory ratio 1∶2, fraction of inspired oxygen 21%, positive end-expiratory pressure 0) for 4 h to establish the model of VALI.Parecoxib sodium 30 mg/kg was intravenously injected at 1 h prior to mechanical ventilation in group P. The mice were sacrificed at 4 h of ventilation, the right lung was lavaged and the broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for determination of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) concentrations (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and arginase-1(Arg-1) in BALF and expression of phosphorylated Janus kinase 2 (p-JAK2) and phosphorylated signal transduction and transcription activator 3 (p-STAT-3) (by Western blot). The left lung was removed for determination of the wet/dry weight ratio (W/D ratio) and for examination of the pathological changes which were scored. Results:Compared with group S, the lung injury score, W/D ratio, concentrations of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α in BALF, and expression of iNOS, Arg-1, p-JAK2 and p-STAT-3 were significantly increased in V and P groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group V, the concentration of IL-10 in BALF and expression of Arg-1, p-JAK2 and p-STAT-3 were significantly increased, and the lung injury score, W/D ratio, concentrations of IL-6 and TNF-α in BALF and expression of iNOS were decreased in group P ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Parecoxib sodium promotes phenotypic transformation of alveolar macrophages from M1 subtype to M2 subtype and inhibits inflammatory responses, thus alleviating VALI, which may be related to activating JAK2/STAT-3 signaling pathway in mice.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application and influence of task-driven teaching in the internship of rehabilitation medicine among general medical students.Methods:A total of 256 students of the same grade from the fifth clinical college of Chongqing Medical University were included in this study. 128 students were selected as the experimental group to receive task-driven teaching, and another 128 students were selected as the control group to receive traditional teaching. Course design for students in the experimental group was evaluated, and the learning effects were compared between the two groups.Results:In the experimental group, more than 88% students were relatively satisfied with the tasks designed. The ability of self-study and independent thinking of students in the experimental groups was better than those in the control group ( P<0.05). In the aspect of problem solving, expression, cooperation, modern information utilization and creative thinking ability, students in the experimental group did a significantly better performance than those in the control group ( P=0.000), and students' learning motivation was significantly increased in the experimental group than in the control group ( P=0.000). Conclusion:In the internship of rehabilitation medicine, task-driven teaching was highly accepted among students and received fair satisfaction. It improves the learning effect of students majoring in general medicine and promotes the understanding for rehabilitation medicine, which lays a foundation for the work of primary hospitals in the future.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821522

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of sublingual immunotherapy with Dermatophagoides Farinae on the expression of specific IgG4(sIgG4) in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) in Hainan area.@*Method@#Seventy-two patients with dust-mite allergic rhinitis, all three generations of whom were local islanders in Hainan, were randomly divided into control group(36 cases) and SLIT group(36 cases). sIgG4 and sIgE expression levels were detected before treatment, 6 months after treatment, 12 months after treatment, and 18 months after treatment. The patient's symptom score, medication score, VAS score and adverse reactions was also assessed. Finally, through statistical analysis of the relevant data collected at 4 time points in the two groups of patients, the efficacy, safety and changes of sIgG4 antibody expression level in patients with allergic rhinitis receiving sublingual specific immunotherapy in Hainan were observed. @*Result@#Symptoms scores, medication scores and VAS scores were significantly improved in the SLIT group after treatment compared with before treatment(P<0.05), and serum sIgG4 increased significantly(P<0.01), serum sIgE showed no significant change(P>0.05). In the control group, symptom scores, medication scores and VAS scores were also significantly improved compared with before treatment(P<0.05), while serum sIgG4 and sIgE showed no significant change(P>0.05). When comparing the two groups, Symptoms scores, medication scores and VAS scores of the SLIT group were significantly lower than those of the control group at 12 months and 18 months after treatment(P<0.05). sIgG4 expression levels in the SLIT group were significantly higher than those in the control group after 6, 12 and 18 months of treatment(P<0.01). There was no significant difference in sIgE expression level between the two groups(P>0.05). No severe systemic adverse reactions occurred in the two groups, and 3 patients showed mild adverse reactions in the SLIT group. @*Conclusion@#Sublingual immunotherapy of Dermatophagoides Farinae was effective and could increase the expression of sIgG4 in patients with Dermatophagoides farinae AR, sIgG4 is expected to be an immunological marker for the objective evaluation of the clinical efficacy of Hapten.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861230

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility and accuracy of 3D transesophageal echocardiography (3D-TEE) automated measuring of aortic annulus before transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Methods: The area, perimeter, maximal diameter and minimum diameter of aortic annulus were measured with 3D-TEE and multi-detector CT (MDCT) in 21 patients who underwent TAVR. The difference and correlation between the above parameters measured with 3D-TEE and MDCT were analyzed. The time for measuring aortic annulus with 3D-TEE was recorded. Results: The area, perimeter, maximal diameter and minimum diameter of aortic annulus measured with 3D-TEE were (445.74±62.60)mm2, (76.16±5.30)mm, (26.29±1.97)mm and (21.40±1.68)mm, respectively, with MDCT were (456.85±75.70)mm2, (77.17±5.90)mm, (26.76±2.83)mm, (20.98±1.76)mm, respectively (all P>0.05), all had high correlations (r=0.89, 0.91, 0.85, 0.79, all P<0.01). The analyzed time was (1.54±0.21)min with automated 3D-TEE. Conclusion: Automated measurement of aortic annular with 3D-TEE before TAVR is feasible, accuracy and rapid, which may replace MDCT for TAVR in clinical setting.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802213

ABSTRACT

Objective:Through the analysis of the characteristics and main chemical components of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,the correlation between the characteristics and components of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma was explored,and a new evaluation standard of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma grade was established to provide a more comprehensive and scientific basis for the quality evaluation of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma. Method:The appearance characteristics of 48 batches of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma samples were quantitatively measured. The contents of 9 kinds of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma were determined. The results of correlation analysis,principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used to classify ginseng medicinal materials according to the analysis results,and the grade evaluation criteria were constructed. Result:First-class ginseng medicinal materials:diameter of main root>1.72 cm,length of reed head>2.61 cm,weight of single branch>14.15 g,content of ginsenoside Rb1>0.612 1%,content of ginsenoside Re>0.385 8%,content of ginsenoside Rg1>0.320 8%,no scar,impurities,moth,mildew. Second-class ginseng medicinal materials:the diameter of main root is 1.55-1.72 cm,the length of reed head is 1.74-2.61 cm,the weight of single branch is 10.24-14.15 g,the content of ginsenoside Rb1 is 0.496 8%-0.612 1%,the content of ginsenoside Re is 0.323 3%-0.385 8%,the content of ginsenoside Rg1 is 0.263 6%-0.320 8%,and there are no scars,impurities,worms and mildew. Third-class ginseng medicinal materials:main root diameter 1.29-1.55 cm,reed head length 1.34-1.74 cm,single branch weight 6.90-10.24 g,ginsenoside Rb1 content 0.389 5%-0.496 8%,ginsenoside Re content 0.235 2%-0.323 3%,ginsenoside Rg1 content 0.217 1%-0.263 6%,no impurities,worms,mildew. Fourth-class ginseng medicinal materials:diameter of main root11Conclusion:The appearance indexes of ginseng medicinal materials were divided according to the standards of taproot diameter,reed head length and single ginseng weight,and the content of ginsenoside Rg1,Re,Rb1 was used as the internal quality evaluation index. Ginseng commercial specifications were divided into four grades,which integrated the appearance and internal indicators,and had more scientific and comprehensive characteristics,which could be used as the basis for the classification of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma medicinal materials.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801993

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the protective effect of Danggui Buxue Tang(DGBX)with Angelicae Sinensis Radix(AS) and Astragali Radix(AR)at different radios on impaired functional activity of endothelial cells(ECs)exposed to low-fluid shear stress (FSS). Method: Low FSS was loaded by a parallel plate flow chamber,and ECs were divided into normal FSS group,low FSS group(each preincubated with M199 medium for 2 h),simvastatin group(preincubated with 0.1 μmol·L-1 simvastatin for 2 h),and 3 DGBX groups(preincubated with 3 g·L-1 AS and AR at 1:1,1:3,1:5 for 2 h,respectively). Then,the normal group was exposed to 1.2 Pa FSS,while the rest groups were all exposed to low FSS. At time points of 30,60, 360 min,the proliferation was detected by methyl thiazoly tetrazolium(MTT),the secretion of nitric oxide(NO) was detected by nitrase reduction test,and the mRNA and protein expressions of endothelial nitric oxide synthase(eNOS) were detected by Real-time fluorescence guantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) and Western blot,respectively. Result: Compared with the normal group, the secretion of NO and the expression of eNOS in ECs were both increased significantly at 60 min (PConclusion: DGBX could protect the functional activity of ECs exposed to low FSS.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776023

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the impacts of different nostril on nasotracheal intubation with video laryngoscopy.Methods Totally 120 ASA grade I maxillofacial surgery patients were equally randomized into two groups:group A(left nostril)and group B(right nostril).After rapid induction of anesthesia,the nasal intubation was completed by Tosight video laryngoscope,and the success rate of the first attempt of the tube passing through the nasal cavity was recorded and compared between these two groups.In addition,time of tube through nasal cavity,time of glottis exposure,total intubation time,intubation success rate,and nasal bleeding were recorded.Results The success rate of the first attempt of tube passing through the nasal cavity was not significantly different between groups A and B(84.7% . 81.7%;=0.202,=0.653).The time of tube passing through nasal cavity [(7.3±4.6)s .(7.5±4.1)s;=-0.223,=0.824] and the time of glottic exposure [(6.6±1.4)s .(6.7±1.4)s;=-0.348,=0.728] had no significant differences between two groups.The success rates of first intubation attempt were 100% in both groups.The total intubation time was(35.1±9.2)s in group A and(34.0±7.8)s in group B(=0.663,=0.509).Intubation-related epistaxis was found in 16 cases(27.1%)in group A and in 17 cases(28.3%)in group B( =0.022,=0.882).Conclusion Different nasal approaches have no effect on nasal intubation.


Subject(s)
Glottis , Humans , Intubation, Intratracheal , Methods , Laryngoscopes , Laryngoscopy , Nasal Cavity , Oral Surgical Procedures
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1862-1868, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781527

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the effect of serum free light chain (sFLC) on renal function and prognosis in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 70 newly diagnosed MM patients who received sFLC examination in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital were retrospectively analyzed from April 2012 to November 2016. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the risk factors that associated with renal impairment (RI) and prognosis. Logistic regression and Kaplan-Meier analyze were used to analyze the roles of sFLC in RI and the prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Out of the 70 patients, 20 patients had RI at the initial diagnosis. Compared to normal renal function group, RI group had lower level of hemoglobin, elevated levels of serum uric acid, corrected calcium, serum creatinine, serum β2 microglobulin, and involved sFLC, higher proportion of patients with ISS stage III, involved sFLC≥500 mg/L, hemodialysis (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum uric acid≥430 μmol/L, ISS stage III and a involved sFLC≥500 mg/L were all the independent risk factors for RI in patients with newly diagnosed MM patients (all P<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves analysis showed that the involved sFLC was 705.0 mg/L, which was a best cut-off value area under curve (AUC) for prediting RI in patients with MM was 0.727 (P=0.003), sensitivity was 65.0% and specificity was 82.0%). After a median follow-up period of 31 (1-84) months, the median overall survival (OS) of patients with involved sFLC≥500mg/L and involved sFLC<500 mg/L were 52.0 and 27.0 months, respectively, there was no statistically significant difference (P=0.137). There was also no statistically significant difference in median OS between the high sFLC ratio group (κ/λ>32 or <0.03) and the low sFLC ratio group (0.03≤κ/λ≤32) (27 months vs 40 months, P=0.436).@*CONCLUSION@#The involved sFLC in the RI group is significantly higher than that in the normal renal function group in newly diagnosed MM patients. Serum uric acid≥430 μmol/L, ISS stage III and involved sFLC≥500 mg/L are the independent risk factors for RI. Monitoring sFLC in newly diagnosed MM patients is helpful to the prediction of RI, and the involved sFLC level or sFLC ratio may not affect the prognosis of newly diagnosed MM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Uric Acid
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798516

ABSTRACT

Objective:Flavonoids,as the major constituents in Oroxyli Semen,had a variety of pharmacological effects against inflammation,infections,and oxidation. In this study,an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) method was established to analyze and identify the various flavonoids in Oroxyli Semen. Method:The separation was performed on an Kinetex-XB C18 column(2.1 mm×50 mm,1.7 μm)with gradient elution,which was carried out with 0.1%formic acid acetonitrile as mobile phase. The flow rate was 0.25 mL·min-1,and the injection volume was 3 μL. Electrospray ionization source was in the negative ion mode. Target and non-target screenings were carried out by Peakview 2.2 and Masterview 1.0 software. Then the identification of target compounds were completed based on accurate mass,isotopic abundance ratio and MS/MS fragment,and the non-target compounds were determined according to literature reports and MS cleavage mechanism. Result:According to the high resolution MS spectra data,fragmentation ion information and retention time,36 peaks of Oroxyli Semen were identified, including 10 flavonoids and 26 flavonoid glycosides according to literature reports and MS cleavage mechanism. Conclusion:The study comprehensively analyzes the chemical composition of Oroxyli Semen,which is significant to study of the chemical constituents, quality control and material basis of Oroxyli Semen.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanisms underlying ozone-induced inactivation of poliovirus type 1 (PV1).@*METHODS@#We used cell culture, long-overlapping RT-PCR, and spot hybridization assays to verify and accurately locate the sites of action of ozone that cause PV1 inactivation. We also employed recombinant viral genome RNA infection models to confirm our observations.@*RESULTS@#Our results indicated that ozone inactivated PV1 primarily by disrupting the 5'-non-coding region (5'-NCR) of the PV1 genome. Further study revealed that ozone specifically damaged the 80-124 nucleotide (nt) region in the 5'-NCR. Recombinant viral genome RNA infection models confirmed that PV1 lacking this region was non-infectious.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, we not only elucidated the mechanisms by which ozone induces PV1 inactivation but also determined that the 80-124 nt region in the 5'-NCR is targeted by ozone to achieve this inactivation.


Subject(s)
5' Untranslated Regions , Animals , Chlorocebus aethiops , Genome, Viral , Oxidants, Photochemical , Pharmacology , Ozone , Pharmacology , Poliovirus , Vero Cells , Virus Inactivation
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773251

ABSTRACT

Curcumin( Cur) is a natural active substance extracted from the roots or tubers of traditional Chinese medicinal materials. It has anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities on brain diseases. Due to the poor stability,low solubility,poor absorption and low bioavailability of curcumin,N-acetyl-L-cysteine( NAC) was used as an absorption enhancer and mixed with curcumin to improve the absorption of curcumin in the body. In this paper,curcumin was smashed by airflow pulverization,and Cur-NAC mixtures were prepared by being grinded with liquid. Then,the raw material and the product were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry( DSC),X-ray diffraction( XRD) for structural characterization. The dissolution was determined by high performance liquid chromatography( HPLC) analysis. The characteristic peaks of the samples prepared by grinding method were similar to those of the raw materials,while the melting temperature and the accumulated dissolution degree were not significantly changed. The crystal forms of the products were not changed,and no new crystal form was formed after grinding. After the administration of intranasal powder,blood samples were collected from the orbit,while the whole brain tissues were removed from the skull and dissected into 10 anatomical regions. The concentrations of curcumin in these samples were determined by UPLC-MS/MS. The concentrations of curcumin in plasma and brain were compared at different time points. After intranasal administration of two drugs,it was found that the concentration of curcumin after sniffing up the mixtures in plasma was high,and the concentration of the drug in the olfactory bulb,hippocampus,and pons was increased significantly. Within 0. 083-0. 5 h,the olfactory bulb,piriform lobe and hippocampus remained high concentrations,the endodermis,striatum,hypothalamus and midbrain reached high concentrations within 1-3 h; and the cerebellum,pons and brain extension maintained relatively high concentrations within 3-7 h. The experiment showed that nasal administration of Cur-NAC mixtures can significantly improve the bioavailability of curcumin,and lead to significant differences in brain tissue distribution.


Subject(s)
Acetylcysteine , Pharmacology , Administration, Intranasal , Animals , Biological Availability , Brain , Brain Chemistry , Chromatography, Liquid , Curcumin , Pharmacokinetics , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tissue Distribution
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732681

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effects of imatinib combined with chemotherapy in adults with Philadelphia-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph + ALL). Methods A total of 35 newly diagnosed Ph+ ALL patients from June 2012 to January 2016 in the First Hospital of China Medical University were enrolled. The patients were divided into 21 cases (combined chemotherapy group) and 14 cases (chemotherapy alone group). There were 4 patients in combined chemotherapy group who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) after the first complete remission (CR). The parameters including blood routine, bone marrow morphology, immunoassay, chromosome and fusion genes were detected regularly for efficacy assessment. Results CR rate after the first induction therapy was 76% (16/21) in combined chemotherapy group and 36% (5/14) in the chemotherapy alone group, and there was a significant difference of both groups (χ 2 = 5.734, P = 0.033). The median overall survival (OS) time for patients in combined chemotherapy group and chemotherapy alone group were 14 months (2-18 months) and 5 months (0.33-10 months) respectively (U = 12.0, P = 0.007). And the median disease-free survival (DFS) time were 8 months (0-15 months) and 2 months (0-6 months), respectively (U = 12.5, P = 0.007). The median OS and DFS time for transplant patients were 26 months (22-39 months) and 22 months (17-36 months) respectively. Conclusions Imatinib combined chemotherapy can increase CR rate, DFS and OS time for Ph+ ALL patients during the induction therapy, which can gain more chance to receive HSCT. The patients who could receive HSCT as soon as possible after CR1 could get longer survival time.

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