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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 672-675, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the surgical treatment of different proximal clavicle fractures, and discuss the classification of proximal clavicle fractures.@*METHODS@#Total of 24 patients with displaced proximal clavicle fractures were treated from January 2017 to December 2020 including 16 males and 8 females, aged 28 to 66 years old. Among them, 20 cases were fresh fractures and 4 cases were old fractures. According to the Edinburgh classification, 14 cases were type 1B1 fractures and 10 cases were type 1B2 fractures. The different internal fixation methods were selected for internal fixation treatment according to different fracture types.The operation time, blood loss, preoperative and postoperative displacement difference, fracture healing time and Rockwood scoring system were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months. There were no patients with infection or loss of reduction after the operation. Three patients had internal fixation failure after operation, and the internal fixation device was removed. Results The operation time was 30 to 65 min, and the blood loss was 15 to 40 ml. No important nerves, blood vessels, or organs were damaged. The imaging healing time was 3 to 6 months. According to the Rockwood functional score, the total score was (13.50±1.86), pain (2.57±0.50), range of motion (2.78±0.41), muscle strength (2.93±0.28), restricted daily activity (2.85±0.35), subjective results (2.63±0.61);the results were excellent in 20 cases, good in 3 cases, fair in 1 case.@*CONCLUSION@#Proximal clavicular fracture is a type of fracture with low incidence. According to different fracture types, different internal fixation methods and treatment methods can be selected, and satisfactory surgical results can be achieved.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Clavicle/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Bone Plates , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Retrospective Studies
2.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 662-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979784

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To investigate the current status of streptomycin resistance of Yersinia pestis caused by point mutations of rpsL gene in Qinghai, so as to provide theoretical basis for precise clinical medication and prevention of drug resistance of human plague outbreak in South area of Qinghai Province in the future. Methods A total of 104 representative strains of Yersinia pestis collected from plague patients, vector insects and intermediate hosts in South area of Qinghai Province from 1957 to 2009 were screened, isolated and cultured by Hiss agar plates. The DNA of representative Yersinia pestis was extracted by sodium dodecyl sulfate lysis and phenol-chloroform method. The primers forward primer and reverse primer and TaqMan-MGB probes probe1 [FAM] and probe2 [VIC] were designed for the rpsL gene of streptomycin resistance gene in China. Real-time PCR with TaqMan-MGB fluorescent probe was used to detect the mutations of rpsL gene in streptomycin resistance locus of 104 strains of Yersinia pestis in South area of Qinghai Province. Results The FAM test results of 104 strains in South area of Qinghai Province were positive, corresponding to the detection of rpsL (128 : A ), RFU peak >1 000,negative <200. VIC test results of all tested strains were negative, corresponding to the detection of rpsL (128:G), RFU peak <200, positive >1 000. That is, no strains with rpsL gene mutation related to streptomycin resistance were found in the 104 strains of Yersinia pestis in Qingnan Province. Conclusion This study provides basic data on the distribution of streptomycin resistance of Yersinia pestis in South area of Qinghai Province, and lays a foundation for preventing the occurrence of drug resistance and clinical treatment of Yersinia pestis in South area of Qinghai Province.

3.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 300-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979634

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To investigate the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) genotypes and regional distribution of Yersinia pestis strains in the natural plague foci of Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Qinghai Province (referred to as "Hainan prefecture") and provide a scientific basis for plague prevention and control in this area. Methods A total of 36 representative Yersinia pestis strains, which were isolated from different host animals and insect vectors from 1954 to 2009 in Hainan Prefecture, were selected as experimental subjects. The DNAs were extracted using the traditional sodium dodecyl sulfate decomposition and phenol-chloroform method. Three pairs of CRISPR primers (YPa, Ypb, YPc) were used for PCR amplification, sequencing and analysis of the DNA of the tested strains, respectively, as a means to identify the CRISPR genotypes of Yersinia pestis in Hainan Prefecture. Results A total of 17 spacers were observed among 36 strains of Yersinia pestis, including 9 of YPa, 5 of YPb and 3 of YPc. All strains were divided into 5 CRISPR gene clusters (Cb2, Cb4 ', Ca7, Ca7 ', Ca35 ') and 6 genotypes (G1, G9, G22, G22-A1 ', G26-A1 ', G26-A1 'A4 -). The G26-a1 ' was the main genotype, which was distributed in Gonghe, Guide and Xinghai County, and the G22 is the second type, which was distributed in Gonghe and Guide County. Conclusions The genetic polymorphism of CRISPR loci of Yersinia pestis strains in Hainan was high, and the regional distribution characteristics of Yersinia pestis strains with different genotypes were significant.

4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 262-267, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970859

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#With the help of finite element analysis, to explore the effect of proximal humeral bone cement enhanced screw plate fixation on the stability of internal fixation of osteoporotic proximal humeral fracture.@*METHODS@#The digital model of unstable proximal humeral fracture with metaphyseal bone defect was made, and the finite element models of proximal humeral fracture bone cement enhanced screw plate fixation and common screw plate fixation were established respectively. The stress of cancellous bone around the screw, the overall stiffness, the maximum stress of the plate and the maximum stress of the screw were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The maximum stresses of cancellous bone around 6 screws at the head of proximal humeral with bone cement enhanced screw plate fixation were 1.07 MPa for No.1 nail, 0.43 MPa for No.2 nail, 1.16 MPa for No.3 nail, 0.34 MPa for No.4 nail, 1.99 MPa for No.5 nail and 1.57 MPa for No.6 nail. These with common screw plate fixation were:2.68 MPa for No.1 nail, 0.67 MPa for No.2 nail, 4.37 MPa for No.3 nail, 0.75 MPa for No.4 nail, 3.30 MPa for No.5 nail and 2.47 MPa for No.6 nail. Overall stiffness of the two models is 448 N/mm for bone cement structure and 434 N/mm for common structure. The maximum stress of plate appears in the joint hole:701MPa for bone cement structure and 42 0MPa for common structure. The maximum stress of screws appeared at the tail end of No.4 nail:284 MPa for bone cement structure and 240.8 MPa for common structure.@*CONCLUSION@#Through finite element analysis, it is proved that the proximal humerus bone cement enhanced screw plate fixation of osteoporotic proximal humeral fracture can effectively reduce the stress of cancellous bone around the screw and enhance the initial stability after fracture operation, thus preventing from penetrating out and humeral head collapsing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Finite Element Analysis , Bone Cements , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Biomechanical Phenomena , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humeral Head , Bone Screws , Bone Plates
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 180-190, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the efficacy of oral Chinese herbal prescriptions combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) against primary hepatic carcinoma (PHC) and screen the basic Chinese herbs,in order to provide certain reference for clinical medication. Method:The randomized controlled trials concerning the treatment of PHC with oral Chinese herbal prescriptions plus TACE were retrieved from CBM,China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),Chongqing Weipu Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP),and Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform.The quality of the included trials was evaluated by Cochrane handbook,and the Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3.The enumeration data were expressed by odds ratio (OR),the measurement data by mean difference (MD) or standardized mean difference (SMD),and the effect size by 95% confidence interval (CI).The data of oral Chinese herbal prescriptions involved in trials were sorted out and subjected to association rule analysis and frequency analysis based on the Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System (TCMISS),for exploring the basic Chinese herbs and their dosages against PHC. Result:A total of 75 randomized controlled trials were included,involving 7 406 cases. As revealed by the Meta-analysis,oral Chinese herbal prescriptions combined with TACE was significantly better than TACE alone in improving the short-term curative effect [OR=2.05,95%CI(1.83,2.29)],decreasing alpha fetoprotein (AFP) [MD=-59.02,95%CI(-79.03,-39.01)],ameliorating liver function [SMD=-1.23,95%CI(-1.58,-0.88)],boosting immunity [SMD=1.08,95%CI(0.84,1.32)],adjusting Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) scale score [OR=2.7,95%CI(1.11,11.02)],elevating survival rate [OR=2.31,95%CI(1.96,2.71)],and reducing adverse reactions [OR=0.38,95%CI(0.34,0.43)].Data mining results showed that the basic Chinese herbs against PHC were Bupleuri Radix,Paeoniae Alba Radix,Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma,Poria,and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma,with their clinical dosages listed as follows:6-15 g for Bupleuri Radix,10-15 g for Paeoniae Alba Radix,9-15 g for Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma,10-15 g for Poria,and 3-10 g for Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Conclusion:The oral Chinese herbal prescriptions combined with TACE produce better effects in treatment of PHC as compared with TACE alone.These five basic Chinese herbs have anti-cancer effect,and their dosages are within the ranges stipulated in 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia.</italic>This Meta-analysis has provided certain reference for clinical medication.

6.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 395-407, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888774

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#By optimizing the extreme learning machine network with particle swarm optimization, we established a syndrome classification and prediction model for primary liver cancer (PLC), classified and predicted the syndrome diagnosis of medical record data for PLC and compared and analyzed the prediction results with different algorithms and the clinical diagnosis results. This paper provides modern technical support for clinical diagnosis and treatment, and improves the objectivity, accuracy and rigor of the classification of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes.@*METHODS@#From three top-level TCM hospitals in Nanchang, 10,602 electronic medical records from patients with PLC were collected, dating from January 2009 to May 2020. We removed the electronic medical records of 542 cases of syndromes and adopted the cross-validation method in the remaining 10,060 electronic medical records, which were randomly divided into a training set and a test set. Based on fuzzy mathematics theory, we quantified the syndrome-related factors of TCM symptoms and signs, and information from the TCM four diagnostic methods. Next, using an extreme learning machine network with particle swarm optimization, we constructed a neural network syndrome classification and prediction model that used "TCM symptoms + signs + tongue diagnosis information + pulse diagnosis information" as input, and PLC syndrome as output. This approach was used to mine the nonlinear relationship between clinical data in electronic medical records and different syndrome types. The accuracy rate of classification was used to compare this model to other machine learning classification models.@*RESULTS@#The classification accuracy rate of the model developed here was 86.26%. The classification accuracy rates of models using support vector machine and Bayesian networks were 82.79% and 85.84%, respectively. The classification accuracy rates of the models for all syndromes in this paper were between 82.15% and 93.82%.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the case of data processed using traditional binary inputs, the experiment shows that the medical record data processed by fuzzy mathematics was more accurate, and closer to clinical findings. In addition, the model developed here was more refined, more accurate, and quicker than other classification models. This model provides reliable diagnosis for clinical treatment of PLC and a method to study of the rules of syndrome differentiation and treatment in TCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bayes Theorem , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Machine Learning , Neural Networks, Computer , Syndrome
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5233-5239, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921667

ABSTRACT

Data mining is an important method to obtain the key information from a large amount of data, and it is widely applied in the research on the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). The compatibility law of herbs is a key issue in the research of TCM prescriptions. This reflects the flexibility and effectiveness of TCM prescriptions, and it is also a crucial link to the development of TCM modernization. Therefore, it is the core purpose of the research on TCM prescriptions to find the compatibility law of herbs and clarify the scientific connotation. Data mining, as an effective method and an important approach, has formed a standardized system in the research of compatibility law of herbs, which can reveal the relationship between different Chinese herbs and summarize the internal rules in compatibility. Two hundred and twenty two effective papers were sorted out and categorized in this article. The results showed that data mining was mainly applied in finding the core Chinese herb pairs, summarizing the utility and attributes of TCM prescriptions, revealing the relationship between prescriptions, Chinese herbs and syndromes, finding the optimal dose of Chinese herbs, and producing the new prescriptions. The problems of data mining in research of herbs compatibility rules were summarized, and its development and trend in current researches were discussed in this article to provide useful references for the in-depth study of data mining in the compatibility law of Chinese herbs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Syndrome
8.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 485-489, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689602

ABSTRACT

A girl aged 5 months was admitted due to developmental delay. Physical examination showed delayed physical development, unusual facies (microcephalus, hypertelorism, low-set ears, wide nasal bridge, and short philtrum), and an absence of the labium minus at one side. The peripheral blood karyotype was 46,XX,r(13)(p11q33)[82]/45,XX,-13[10]/46,XX,r(13;13)(p11q33;p11q33)[8], and array-based comparative genomic hybridization showed an 87.5 Mb duplication in 13q11q33.2 region and an 8.2 Mb deletion in 13q33.2q34 region. Fluorescence in situ hybridization showed terminal depletion of the long arm of the ring chromosome 13. The girl was diagnosed with ring 13 syndrome. This syndrome has various clinical phenotypes and is closely associated with the amount and site of the loss of genetic material in chromosomal band and different rates of chimerism.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13 , Genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Phenotype , Ring Chromosomes , Trisomy , Genetics
9.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 494-499, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660699

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a model of acute gouty arthritis( AGA) in rats and observe its maintenance time. Methods The AGA model of rats was established by injecting monosodium urate ( MSU) at the concentration of 25 mg/mL into the ankle joint cavity. The rats were observed for 8 d at different time points. Skin temperature, degree of joint swelling, gait, inflammatory cells in synovial fluid, histopathological changes of synovial tissue and other indicators were observed to determine whether the modeling and maintenance time were successful. Results At 3 h after modeling, differ-ences in the swelling of ankle joint, increase of skin temperature, abnormal gait, the number of inflammatory cells in syno-vial fluid, synovial hyperplasia, capillary congestion, and disarrangement of synovial cells in the rats were observed in the saline group and the model group (P <0. 01). At 4 hours after modeling, the above mentioned inflammatory changes in the saline group were significantly reduced, compared with that at 3 h, showing a significant difference (P<0. 01), while the inflammatory changes of the model group were increased significantly compared with that at 3 hours ( P<0. 01 ) , and showed significant difference compared with the saline group (P<0. 01). At 24 h after modeling, the indexes in the rats of saline group returned to normal, but the inflammation of the model group was increased. At 48-72 h after modeling, the local inflammation such as ankle swelling, skin temperature, and abnormal gait of the rats in the model group reached a peak. The inflammation of the ankle joint in the model group was gradually reduced from 96 to 168 h after the model was established, but there were still significant differences in the indexes compared with the blank group (P<0. 01). At 192 h after modeling, the joint swelling, skin temperature and abnormal gait of the rats in the model group returned to normal, however, there were significant differences in the number of inflammatory cells and the pathological changes of synovial membrane compared with the blank group ( P<0. 01 ) . Conclusions A rat model of AGA can be successfully prepared and identified at 4 h after modeling by injection of MSU crystal suspension into the ankle joint cavity. This rat model of AGA can be maintained at least 168 hours after modeling.

10.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 116-120, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507213

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the secretory capacity and apoptosis of interleukin ( IL)-21 induced normal B cells by co-culture with serum from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Serum from twenty new-onset SLE patients and 20 healthy donors were collected .CD1+9 B cells from the normal controls were co-cultured with serum from SLE patients in the presence or absence of IL-21-R-FC(4 μg/ml).Supernatant IgG and IgM concentration were measured by immunoturbidimetric assay on day 5.Supernatant anti-dsDNA level was determined by ELISA .The percentage of apoptotic cells was detected by flow cytometer.Results IgG,IgM and anti-dsDNA levels in normal B cells with SLE serum were significantly higher than those in the serum of SLE patients alone [ ( 5.84 ±1.79 ) g/L vs ( 4.25 ± 1.48)g/L,P=0.000;(0.46 ±0.21)g/L vs (0.43 ±0.21)g/L,P=0.003;(127.76 ±70.24)IU/ml vs (115.15 ±63.88) IU/ml,P=0.014 respectively].However, no significant differences were found in the group of normal B cells with non-homologous serum from normal controls (P>0.05).Supernatant IgG, IgM and anti-dsDNA levels in normal B cells with SLE serum significantly decreased while IL-21R-fusion protein was added [(5.26 ±1.62)g/L vs (5.84 ±1.79)g/L, P=0.006;(0.42 ±0.20)g/L vs (0.46 ±0.21)g/L, P=0.002;( 118.00 ±69.62 ) IU/ml vs ( 127.76 ±70.24 ) IU/ml, P =0.012 respectively ] .The apoptotic rate of B cells with SLE serum was significantly higher than that with normal serum [ ( 47.88 ± 12.65)%vs (38.86 ±10.32)%,P =0.004].But adding IL-21R-fusion conversed the apoptotic rates [(42.08 ±12.52)%vs (47.88 ±12.65)%,P=0.001].Conclusions SLE serum could induce normal B cells to form immunoglobulin secreting cells and producing autoantibodies , or apoptosis in pathological conditions.IL-21 might be considered as a potential therapeutic target of SLE .

11.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 494-499, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658027

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a model of acute gouty arthritis( AGA) in rats and observe its maintenance time. Methods The AGA model of rats was established by injecting monosodium urate ( MSU) at the concentration of 25 mg/mL into the ankle joint cavity. The rats were observed for 8 d at different time points. Skin temperature, degree of joint swelling, gait, inflammatory cells in synovial fluid, histopathological changes of synovial tissue and other indicators were observed to determine whether the modeling and maintenance time were successful. Results At 3 h after modeling, differ-ences in the swelling of ankle joint, increase of skin temperature, abnormal gait, the number of inflammatory cells in syno-vial fluid, synovial hyperplasia, capillary congestion, and disarrangement of synovial cells in the rats were observed in the saline group and the model group (P <0. 01). At 4 hours after modeling, the above mentioned inflammatory changes in the saline group were significantly reduced, compared with that at 3 h, showing a significant difference (P<0. 01), while the inflammatory changes of the model group were increased significantly compared with that at 3 hours ( P<0. 01 ) , and showed significant difference compared with the saline group (P<0. 01). At 24 h after modeling, the indexes in the rats of saline group returned to normal, but the inflammation of the model group was increased. At 48-72 h after modeling, the local inflammation such as ankle swelling, skin temperature, and abnormal gait of the rats in the model group reached a peak. The inflammation of the ankle joint in the model group was gradually reduced from 96 to 168 h after the model was established, but there were still significant differences in the indexes compared with the blank group (P<0. 01). At 192 h after modeling, the joint swelling, skin temperature and abnormal gait of the rats in the model group returned to normal, however, there were significant differences in the number of inflammatory cells and the pathological changes of synovial membrane compared with the blank group ( P<0. 01 ) . Conclusions A rat model of AGA can be successfully prepared and identified at 4 h after modeling by injection of MSU crystal suspension into the ankle joint cavity. This rat model of AGA can be maintained at least 168 hours after modeling.

12.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 318-322, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500111

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an animal model of severe blast lung injury in baby rabbits,and to provide a way to study the char-acteristic and treatment of blast lung injury in minors.Methods Randomly selected sixteen 4-weeks old New Zealand white rabbits,and the blast lung injuries were made by BST-Ⅰ biological shock tube with different drive pressure (4.0 MPa and 4.5 MPa)respectively.Then compared the injury severity of the 4.0 Mpa group and the 4.5 MPa group.Selected forty-eight 4-weeks old New Zealand white rabbits and di-vided them into the control group (8 rabbits)and the blast lung injury group (40 rabbits)Rabbits in the blast lung injury group were injured with 4.5 MPa drive pressure.Observed the vital signs,physiological index,gross anatomy of the lung,pathology,and pulmonary water content at the time of injury immediately (0 hour),2 hours,4 hours,6 hours,12 hours,24 hours,48 hours and 72 hours after the injury.Results Rabbits inthe 4.0 Mpa group and the 4.5 MPa group were all alive.The overpressure of blast wave of the 4.0Mpa group was (328.16 ± 4.78)kPa,rate of severe pulmonary defense was 12.5%,and the AIS score was (3.38 ±0.52)points.In the 4.5 MPa group,the overpressure of blast wave was (395.04 ±11.74)kPa,rate of severe pulmonary defense was 87.5%,and the AIS score was (4.13 ±0.64) points.Rabbits in the control group and the blast lung injury group were all alive.The spirits of rabbits were drooping immediately after inju-ry,and it last about 0.5 hour.Then the breathing and heart rate was accelerated,pulmonary water content was increased significantly,and there were extensive hemorrhage and edema in the lung.Most of the rabbits suffered severe lung injury,and the AIS score was (3.98 ±0.55) points.Lung tissue rupture,hemorrhage,edema,and inflammatory cells infiltration were the main pathological manifestations under light microscopy. Conclusion The model of severe blast lung injury in baby rabbits could be established with BST-Ⅰbiological shock tube and drive pressure of 4.5 MPa.It is relatively simple,easily controllable and highly repeatable,which can be used as a feasible model for the study of blast lung injury.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2588-2594, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315288

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Myocarditis is an uncommon but serious manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study aimed to investigate clinical characteristics and outcomes of lupus myocarditis (LM) and to determine risk factors of LM in hospitalized Chinese patients with SLE.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a retrospective case-control study. A total of 25 patients with LM from 2001 to 2012 were enrolled as the study group, and 100 patients with SLE but without LM were randomly pooled as the control group. Univariable analysis was performed using Chi-square tests for categorical variables, and the Student's t-test or Mann-Whitney U-test was performed for continuous variables according to the normality.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LM presented as the initial manifestation of SLE in 7 patients (28%) and occurred mostly at earlier stages compared to the controls (20.88 ± 35.73 vs. 44.08 ± 61.56 months, P = 0.008). Twenty-one patients (84%) experienced episodes of symptomatic heart failure. Echocardiography showed that 23 patients (92%) had decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (<50%) and all patients had wall motion abnormalities. A high SLE Disease Activity Index was the independent risk factor in the development of LM (odds ratio = 1.322, P < 0.001). With aggressive immunosuppressive therapies, most patients achieved satisfactory outcome. The in-hospital mortality was not significantly higher in the LM group than in the controls (4% vs. 2%,P = 0.491).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LM could result in cardiac dysfunction and even sudden death. High SLE disease activity might potentially predict the occurrence of LM at the early stage of SLE. Characteristic echocardiographic findings could confirm the diagnosis of LM. Early aggressive immunosuppressive therapy could improve the cardiac outcome of LM.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Case-Control Studies , China , Echocardiography , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Multivariate Analysis , Myocarditis , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 830-834, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481015

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare dose-volume parameters for local failure in esophageal cancers treated by there-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3 D-CRT) or intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with different target regions.Methods A total of 244 patients with esophageal cancer (including 127 patients with local recurrence and 117 without recurrence) underwent radical 3D-CRT and IMRT were enrolled in this study.Data including dose-volume parameters and clinical features were analyzed retrospectively.Results No statistically significant differences were found in the dose-volume parameters of different planning target regions between groups with local tumor recurrence and without recurrence (P > 0.05).In the elective nodal irradiation(ENI) group, neither the recurrence and the non-recurrence groups showed statistical differences in the dose-volume parameters (P > 0.05).While for the involved-field iradiation(IFI) group, the GTV-V60, CTV-V60, PTV-V60 of local recurrent group were significantly lower than those in the non-recurrent group (t =-2.08,-2.19,-2.08, P < 0.05).In the ENI group, radiated doses of GTV, CTV and PTV as well as dose-volume of PTV were significantly higher than the IFI group (t =1.97-3.12, P < 0.05).For patients with a esophageal GTV less than 30 cm3 but without concurrent chemotherapy, radiated dose of CTV-D98% , CTV-D95% in the recurrent group were significantly lower than in non-recurrent group (t =-2.24--2.07, P < 0.05).Conclusions Elective nodal prophylactic radiation of esophageal carcinoma could provide greater volume and doses of GTV, CTV and PTV to prescribed target regions, which may decrease local recurrence.Greater efficiency can be obtained when the primary lesion of the esophageal cancer is smaller or at an early stage, and concurrent chemotherapy is not given.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 601-605, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672211

ABSTRACT

Objective We investigated female patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (ⅡM),including polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) to understand if the activity and treatment of ⅡM affected the fetus outcomes as well as the correlation between pregnancy and the pathogenesis of ⅡM.Methods Questionnaires were designed,including patients' fertility,the activity and treatment of ⅡM during pregnancy and after childbirth,and the fetal outcomes.The questionnaires were conducted on 75 female patients (22-53 years old),who once hospitalized at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2007 to 2013.The mutual effect between the ⅡM disease activity,pregnancy and the fetus were compared by Chi square.Results Seventy-five patients (19 PM,56 DM) had 144 pregnancies,but only 18 of them became pregnant after the onset of the disease.There were two patients had onset of DM during pregnancy,and two patients suffered from DM after delivery or abortion within one month.The rates of abnormal pregnancy in patients with pregnancy before the onset of ⅡM was significantly lower than those with pregnancy after the onset of ⅡM (x2=10.21,P=0.001).Of the 18 pregnancies after the onset of ⅡM,7 had active ⅡM during pregnancy,3 of them flareddue to pregnancy.The 5 abnormal pregnancies (5/7) were seen in seven pregnancies totally,including two spontaneous abortion,one embryo diapause and two premature births.While of the other 11 pregnanciesin stable condition had only 2 abnormal pregnancies (2/11),including one fetus ended prematurely and one embryo diapause.The fetal outcomes were significantly related to the status of illness (x2=5.103,P=0.024).Two patients became pregant after the onset of the disease,both of them had stable disease before pregnancy.However,the disease became active during the pregnancies.One of them flared with rash during two pregnancies.The fetal end in embryo diapause and premature birth (33+4 weeks),respectively.Another flared with muscle weakness at five months of gestation.The fetal ended in premature birth (36+3 weeks).Two patients had onset of DM within one month following the delivery and voluntary abortion.Patients with active disease had taken medium to large doses of prednisone (30-60 mg) orally,in combination with hydroxychloroquine (0.2 bid) or without.In addition,two patients administrated with intravenous gamma globulin (IVIG) at low dose,whose illness condition had been well controlled.Conclusion Pregnancies after the onset of ⅡM tend to end with spontaneous abortion,embryo diapause,premature birth.The fetal outcomes are significantly related to disease activity.When ⅡM flared during pregnancy,IVIG might be the most effective and safe treatment,combined with corticosteroids.

16.
Urology Annals. 2014; 6 (2): 127-129
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-157486

ABSTRACT

To determine the use of antibiotics in patients with renal colic and an elevated white cell count [WCC] in the absence of other features of infection. A retrospective audit of patients presenting to an emergency department with renal colic caused by a solitary ureteric stone over a 6 month period. Student's t-test. Fifty patients met the inclusion criteria for this study. In 42 patients [84%] the urinalysis showed hematuria only and all urine culture results were negative for microbial growth. The mean WCC was 11.5 × 10 [9] [4-22.1] and was raised in 34 patients [80.9%]. The mean neutrophil count was 8.75 × 10[9]/L [2.3-18.6] and C-reactive protein [CRP] 15.9 [1-192]. Antibiotics were commenced in 34 patients [80.9%] based solely on the raised WCC. In eight patients [16%] there were leucocytes and/or nitrites on urinalysis and all urine cultures were positive for growth [coliforms in five, streptococcus in two and candida in one specimen]. The mean WCC was 10.5 × 10[9]/L [7.7-16.5] and was raised in four patients. The mean neutrophil count was 8.4 × 10[9]/L [4.9-15.2] and CRP 40.79 [3-86]. One patient had pyrexia. All eight patients were commenced on antibiotics based on the WCC and/or urinalysis result. Over three-quarters of the patients [80.9%] in this study who presented with renal colic were unjustifiably commenced on antibiotics based solely on an elevated WCC. Antibiotic use in renal colic should be reserved for when there are features of sepsis or the urinalysis is positive. Further work is required to determine the significance of the observed results and the threshold for starting antibiotics


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Renal Colic/blood , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Leukocyte Count , C-Reactive Protein , Retrospective Studies , Neutrophils
17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 55-59, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236386

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of Xuebijing injection(XBJI, traditional Chinese medicine), in inhibiting TLR4--NF-kappaB--IL-1beta pathway of myocardial hypoxia/reoxygenation in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty six male SD rats (280 +/- 30) g were randomly divided into six groups (n = 6): normal group (N group), balanced perfusion group (BP group), model group (M group), low dose XBJI group (XBJI(L) group), middle dose XBJI group (XBJI(M) group), high dose XBJI group (XBJI(H) group). By Langendorff isolated heart perfusion device to establish the model of myocardial hypoxia/reoxygenation in rats. ELISA was used to detect the concentration of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta); Western blot was used to detect the expression of nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NF-kappaB p65) protein and toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) protein; and RT-PCR to determine the expression of NF-kappaB p65 mRNA and TLR4 mRNA;To observe microstructure changes of hypoxia/reoxygenation myocardial by light microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with M group, the IL-1beta concentration, NF-kappaB p65 and TLR4 protein,NF-kappaB p65 and TLR4 mRNA of XBJIL group, XBJI(M) group, XBJI(H) group expression decreased in varying degrees,and decreased most obviously all in XBJI(M) group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01); Myocardical structural damage was serious in M group, and improved after treatment XBJI, the most obvious was the XBJI(M).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Different dose of XBJI can inhibit TLR4--NF-kappaB--IL-1beta signal transduction pathway and reduce several inflammatory reaction after myocardial hypoxia/reoxygenation injury, the 4 ml/100 ml of XBJI is the best.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Heart , Inflammation , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Myocardium , Pathology , RNA, Messenger , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Signal Transduction , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Metabolism , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism
18.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1463-1468, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313000

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the role of Xuebijing Injection (XBJI) in inhibiting inflammatory factors associated with anoxia/reoxygenation myocardial inflammatory response of rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 36 healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, 280 ± 30 g were randomly divided into six groups, i.e., the normal control group (N group), the balanced perfusion group (BP group),the model group (M group),the low dose XBJI group (XBJI(L) group), the middle dose XBJI group (XBJI(M) group),and the high dose XBJI group (XBJI(H) group), 6 in each group. The myocardial anoxia/reoxygenation rat model was established by Langendorff isolated heart perfusion. The concentration of TNF-α in the myocardial tissue was detected by ELISA. The expression of nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NF-κB p65) protein and Toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) protein were detected using Western blot. The expression of NF-κB p65 mRNA and TLR4 mRNA was detected by RT-PCR. Ultrastructural changes of anoxia-reoxygenation rats' heart muscle were observed under transmission electron microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the M group,the TNF-α concentration, expression levels of NF-κB p65 protein and mRNA, TLR4 protein and mRNA decreased to various degrees in the XBJI(L) group, the XBJI(M) group, and the XBJI(H) group. The TNF-α expression level decreased most significantly in the XBJI(L), group (P < 0.01), while other indices decreased most obviously in the XBJI(M) group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). Expression levels of NF-κB p65 and TLR4 protein were obviously lower in the XBJI(M) group than in the XBJI(L) group (P < 0.05). There was no statistical difference in other indices among the three XBJI groups (P > 0.05). Myocardial fibers were loose and broken with disappearance of transverse striation, and mitochondrial cristae was dissolved and severely damaged in the M group. The aforesaid condition was improved after treated by XBJI, with the most obvious effect obtained in the XBJI(M) group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Different doses of XBJI could attenuate inflammatory reactions after myocardial anoxia/reoxygenation rats' heart muscle through inhibiting TLR4-NF-κB-TNF-α signal transduction pathway. The best effect could be obtained by 4 mL/100 mL XBJI.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Hypoxia , Myocardium , Metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Oxygen , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Metabolism , Transcription Factor RelA , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
19.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 651-654, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452803

ABSTRACT

With growing number of operation with congenital heart disease ( CHD) ,its methods of treatment are paid more and more attention by the surgeons .The article briefly introduced the concept ,development history ,the main clinical applications ,complica-tions,treatment, comprehensive evaluation and prospect of hybrid approach.

20.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 281-288, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336795

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of silencing the expression of mutant p53 gene with RNA interference technique on biological behavior of gastric cancer SGC7901 cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Recombinant plasmid of mutant p53 gene-targeting siRNA was transfected into gastric cancer SGC7901 cells by Lipofectamine(TM)2000. The expressions of mutant p53 gene mRNA and protein were identified by RT-PCR and Western blot assay. The proliferation of SGC7901 cells and changes of Oxaliplatin (OXA) drug sensitivity were detected by MTT assay. The cell cycle distribution and apoptosis rate were analyzed by flow cytometry. Changes in cell tumorigenicity ability were analyzed by colony formation assay and xenograft tumor formation in nude mice.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of mutant p53 in SGC7901 cells was remarkable suppressed by mutant p53-siRNA. The cell growth curve of the transfected group turned to left compared to untransfected group and control group. The cell number of G(0)/G(1) phase of transfected group was decreased by 7.4% and 6.7% respectively, and that of S phase was increased both by 17.2% compared to control group and untransfected group, and the cell apoptosis rate induced by Oxaliplatin was remarkable decreased. The IC(50) of OXA in untransfected group, control group and transfected group were 15.88 μmol/L, 14.32 μmol/L and 20.34 μmol/L respectively. The colony formation rate and tumorigenicity ability in nude mice of transfected group increased remarkably.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mutant p53-siRNA can significantly inhibit the expression of mutant p53 in SGC7901 cells, however, the use of RNA interference targeting mutant p53 gene in the treatment of gastric cancer is still uncertain.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Genetics , Cell Cycle , Genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Genes, p53 , Genetics , Mice, Nude , Plasmids , Genetics , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Transfection , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
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