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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between phase behavior of curcumin (CUR) from self-nanoemulsion drug delivery system (SNEDDS) and stability of the formed nanoemulsion in artificial gastrointestinal fluid. Method:The growth rate of precipitation after dispersion of CUR-SNEDDS was expressed by the change tendency of CUR supersaturation-time curve. The effect of drug loading on crystal nucleation and growth was investigated by ultraviolet-visible spectrometry and polarized light microscope, respectively. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to analyze the precipitation forms of CUR-SNEDDS with different drug loading in artificial gastrointestinal fluid. At the same time, the effect of drug loading on the quality stability of nanoemulsion formed by CUR-SNEDDS in artificial gastrointestinal fluid was investigated. Result:In the artificial gastrointestinal fluid, with the increase of drug loading, the area under the supersaturation-time curve of CUR was increased (100% drug loading≈90% drug loading>75% drug loading), the crystallization nucleation and growth rate were accelerated (100% drug loading>90% drug loading>75% drug loading), the amorphous proportion in the precipitation composition decreased, the nanoemulsion droplets adhered and distributed unevenly, the particle size and dispersivity were increased. Conclusion:High drug loading promotes the nucleation and growth of crystals, and increases the proportion of crystal forms in the precipitation composition, which leads to the decrease in the stability of the formed nanoemulsion. Therefore, it is suggested that the drug loading of CUR-SNEDDS needs to be controlled below 90%.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878946

ABSTRACT

To verify the appropriate preparation process of extracts for the solid substance benchmark of Linggui Zhugan Decoction. The extracts were prepared by different preparation processes, namely the traditional process(process 1), the extract combined with volatile oil separated from traditional process extract liquid(process 2), the modern secondary reflux extraction process(process 3) and the process that volatile oil was extracted first, then prepared according to the traditional process, and combined with extract(process 4); based on the characteristic spectrum, index components of cinnamaldehyde, glycyrrhizin, ammonium glycyrrhizinate, cinnamic acid, and the dry extract rate of process 1, the differences and similarities of four extracts were compared. The results showed that the similarity of the characteristic spectrum of process 2, process 4 and process 1 were all greater than 0.97, while there was no significant difference for the content of 4 quality control components and dry extract rate; the similarity of the characteristic spectrum of process 3 and process 1 was 0.91, the absolute peak area of 13 out of 21 peaks and the relative peak area of 7 peaks increased significantly, and the content of 3 out of 4 quality control components and dry extract rate also significantly increased. In conclusion, the material standards of extracts by the process 2 and 4 are consistent with that of the traditional process, so the two processes are suitable.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Oils, Volatile , Quality Control , Reference Standards
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888007

ABSTRACT

Drug resistance resulting from bacterial biofilms can invalidate antibacterial agents. Therefore,eradicating bacterial biofilms to reverse drug resistance is a hotspot in the pharmaceutical research. In recent years,numerous studies have revealed the complicated mechanism of bacterial biofilm formation and strong drug resistance with multiple influential factors involved. This paper gives a comprehensive review on the process of biofilm formation and intervention by natural drugs,which can provide some reference and evidence for the following studies.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bacteria/genetics , Biofilms , Drug Resistance , Pharmaceutical Preparations
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828399

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the supersaturation and maintenance time of drug dispersion in curcumin self-nanoemulsion(CUR-SNEDDS), precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were introduced to prepare curcumin supersaturated self-emulsion(CUR-SSNEDDS). The composition of CUR-SNEDDS prescriptions was selected through the solubility test, the compatibility of oil phase and surfactant, the investigation of the emulsifying ability of the surfactant and the drawing of the pseudo-ternary phase diagram. Analytic hierarchy process was used in combination with central composite design-response surface method to optimize the prescription. The type and dosage of precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were selected to maintain the supersaturated concentration and duration of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluids. At the same time, polarizing microscope was used to evaluate the crystallization inhibition effect and the quality and in vitro release behavior of CUR-SSNEDDS. The prepared CUR-SSNEDDS prescription was capryol 90-kolliphor RH40-transcutol HP-Soluplus(7.93∶66.71∶25.36∶5), with the drug loading of(65.12±1.25) mg·g~(-1). CUR-SSNEDDS was transparent yellow, and the nanoemulsion droplets were spherical with uniform distribution. The emulsification time was(21.02±0.13) s, the average particle size was(57.03±0.35) nm, the polydispersity index(PDI) was(0.23 ± 0.01), and the Zeta potential was(-18.10±1.30) mV. CUR-SSNEDDS significantly inhibited the generation and growth of crystals after in vitro dilution. The supersaturation could be maintained above 10 within 2 h, and the dissolution rate and degree of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluid were significantly increased. Soluplus could effectively maintain the supersaturated state of CUR and enhance CUR dissolution in vitro.


Subject(s)
Biological Availability , Curcumin , Emulsions , Nanoparticles , Particle Size , Solubility , Surface-Active Agents
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845193

ABSTRACT

The drugresistance caused by the long-term application of chemotherapeutic drugs is still the obstacle and problem of current tumor treatment. Therefore, elucidating the mechanism of tumor drug resistance to establish strategies to overcome or reverse tumor drug resistance has always been an urgent issue in tumor treatment. Exosome is one of the research hotspots in recent years. Exosome carries a variety of biologically active substances, such as non-coding RNA(ncRNA), DNA, and protein, and is an important medium of signal transmission between cells, which regulates a variety of physiological processes and pathological activities in the body. Particularly, the ncRNA in exosomes secreted by tumor cells affects the tumor angiogenesis, immune escape and metastasis phenotypes, and also mediates tumor cell resistance. This article reviews recent studies on exosomes-derived ncRNA-mediated antineoplastic drug resistance to clarify the role of exosomes in tumor resistance, aiming to provide a reference for the development of antitumor drugs and the improvement of efficacy of tumor chemotherapy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690523

ABSTRACT

This study attempts to establish a method for the anti-thrombin activty bioassay of musk, explore the impact of species and producing areas on the anti-thrombin activty of musk, and provide scientific basis for its biological quality evaluation. Anti-thrombin activty of musk was analyzed by thrombin titration, and the influence factors such as musk solution concentration, fibrinogen concentration, thrombin concentration and titration interval were optimized to evaluate the effect of different species and producing areas on anti-thrombin activty of musk. As a result, there was a good linear relationship between musk solution concentration and thrombin consumption volume within the range of 0.01-0.02 g·mL⁻¹ (=0.991 4) under the experimental condition as follows: fibrinogen concentration was 0.5%, the thrombin concentration was 10 U·mL⁻¹; titration time interval was once every minute, and each titration volume was 2 μL. The average anti-thrombin activty potency of Moschus berezovskii from different producing areas was (105.0±10.4) U·g⁻¹, (102.4±5.5) U·g⁻¹ for M. sifanicus from different producing areas, (97.7±6.6) U·g⁻¹ for M. moschiferus from Anhui province, and (58.6±6.4) U·g⁻¹ for artificial musk. The results indicated that this anti-thrombin activty bioassay method could be applied to evaluate the anti-thrombin activty of musk quickly, conveniently, sensitively and exactly. It was also suggested that different species and producing areas had effects on the anti-thrombin activty of musk, so it is necessary to pay attention to species and producing areas in the process of musk domestication; meanwhile, the artificial musk and natural musk also showed great differences in anti-thrombin activty, suggesting that ratio in artificial musk prescription needs to be further optimized.

7.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 255-262, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842127

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the effects of bergapten of Angelicae Dahuricae Radix on the transport of vincristine and its possible mechanism. Methods: The apparent permeability coefficient (Papp) for the transport of vincristine through the membrane of MDCK-MDR1 cells was used as an indicator of the effect of bergapten on vincristine transport. Molecular docking was employed to predict the binding force between bergapten and P-glycoprotein (P-gp). The effects of bergapten on P-gp function and P-gp ATPase activity were determined by rhodamine 123 (Rho123) accumulation and activity analysis, respectively. 1,6-Diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH) was used to study the effects of bergapten on membrane fluidity, and Western blotting and quantitative real-time PCR assays were performed to analyze the effect of bergapten on the protein and mRNA expression of P-gp, respectively. These experiments clarified the effects of bergapten on the transport of vincristine and allowed exploration of the possible mechanism underlying the effects of bergapten. Results: The results showed that bergapten could inhibit the transport of vincristine in MDCK-MDR1 cells, and the binding force between bergapten and P-gp was weaker. Bergapten could reduce the accumulation of Rh123 in MDCK-MDR1 cells, increase the membrane fluidity, and upregulate P-gp protein and mRNA expression but it had no effect on P-gp ATPase activity. Conclusions: Overall, we concluded that the possible mechanism through which bergapten inhibits vincristine transport was related to the bergapten-mediated upregulation of P-gp protein and mRNA expression, membrane fluidity or P-gp enzyme activity.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338189

ABSTRACT

The study was aimed to establish a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric method for the determination of the docetaxel concentration in rat plasma, and study the effect of coumarin constituents (imperatorin, isoimperatorin and oxypeucedanin) in Angelica dahurica on pharmacokinetics of docetaxel.Plasma was precipitated with acetonitrile and determined by LC-MS method with Paclitaxel as an internal standard. The specificity, linearity, range, accuracy, precision and stability of the method were suitable for the determination of docetaxel in plasma.Six sprague-dawley rats in each group received intragastric administration of docetaxel (50 mg•kg⁻¹), oxypeucedanin (8 mg•kg⁻¹) combined with docetaxel (50 mg•kg⁻¹), imperatorin (15 mg•kg⁻¹) combined with docetaxel (50 mg•kg⁻¹), and isoimperatorin(15 mg•kg⁻¹) combined with docetaxel (50 mg•kg⁻¹).Their drug plasma concentration was determined by LC-MS with Paclitaxel as an internal standard to draw plasma concentration-time curve, and the phamacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 2.0. The results showed that the phamacokinetic parameters of docetaxel all had notable changes when combined with imperatorin, isoimperatorin, and oxypeucedanin, respectively. The phamacokinetic parameters AUC and Cmax were significantly increased, indicating that coumarin constituents in Angelica dahurica could promote the oral bioavailability of docetaxel, and their effects were in the following order: oxypeucedanin> isoimperatorin> imperatorin.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275460

ABSTRACT

To study the correlation of four properties of traditional Chinese medicine and the function of reversing multidrug resistance (MDR) of tumor cells, with 580 herbs in Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2015 version as the research objects. CNKI, CBA, Wanfang, VIP, and PubMed were searched to screen the documents related to the reversal of MDR for collection, summarizing and analysis. The results of the research showed that a total of 114 species Chinese herbs had been reported to be associated with reversal of MDR in tumor cells. Among 15 Chinese herbs with heat nature, 7 herbs had the function of reversing MDR in tumor cells, accounting for 46.7%. Among the 48 herbs with cool nature, 12 herbs had the function of reversing MDR, accounting for 25%. Among the 211 herbs with cold nature, 46 herbs had the function of reversing MDR, accounting for 21.8%. Among the 179 herbs with warm nature, 34 herbs had the function of reversing MDR, accounting for 19%. Among the 127 herbs with neutral nature, 15 herbs had the function of reversing MDR, accounting for 11.8%. Through the analysis on the relationship between four properties of 114 kinds of traditional Chinese medicines and reversing multidrug resistance of tumor cells, this paper speculated that there was a certain correlation between four properties of traditional Chinese medicine and the function of reversing multidrug resistance of tumor cells.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284743

ABSTRACT

To establish a method for the determination of chemical specific chromatograms and five components in Yinqiao powder decoction, and provide basis for elucidating the scientific connotation of ″taking in when the fragrance volatilized fiercely″. Yinqiao powder decoctions with different decocting times were prepared to study the changes of chemical components during decocting process. Specific chromatograms and contents of chlorogenic acid, phillyrin, arctiin, liquiritin and glycyrrhizin were determined by high performance liquid chromatography. According to the results, the similarities of Yinqiao powder decoctions with different decocting times were high, which indicated that their chemical compositions were similar. The dissolutions of the five components in Yinqiao powder reached more than 39.7% of 2 hour maximum dissolution amounts (MDA) after 20 minutes of soaking, more than 69.5% of MDA when boiling, more than 79.1% of MDA at the 5th minute after boiling, and more than 85.7% of MDA at the 10th minute after boiling. The concentrations of five components were not increasing obviously after 15 minutes of boiling (RSD<4.3%). The fragrance volatilized fiercely at about the 5th minute after boiling, which indicated that the contents of volatile components in Yinqiao powder decoctions were high, but it became weak after boiling for 15 minutes, which indicated that the contents of volatile components in Yinqiao powder decoctions were low. The results showed that the contents of five components in Yinqiao powder decoctions were heavily influenced by the decocting time. When boiling for about 5 minutes, the fragrance volatilized fiercely, both the contents of volatile components and non-volatile components were high. It is suggested that the traditional decocting method has a certain scientific basis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854221

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of furan coumarins from Angelicae Dahuricae Radix on intestinal absorption of puerarin, paeoniflorin, and vincristine, and to explore the influence law of furan coumarins on the intestinal absorption of the drugs with different structures. Methods: The apparent permeability coefficient (Papp) of drugs across the Caco-2 cell monolayers as evaluated index and Caco-2 cell model was used to study the absorption effects of furan coumarins (imperatorin, isoimperatorin, bergapten, and oxypeucedanin) on the transport of puerarin, paeoniflorin, and vincristine across Caco-2 cell monolayers. Results: There are different effects of the four coumarins on puerarin, paeoniflorin, and vincristine. For imperatorin, isoimperatorin, and oxypeucedanin could improve the transport of puerarin on Caco-2 cell significantly (P < 0.05, 0.01), while bergapten has no effect on the transport of puerarin across Caco-2 cell monolayers. For imperatorin and bergapten have no effect on the transport of paeoniflorin: However isoimperatorin and oxypeucedanin could significantly inhibit the transport of paeoniflorin across Caco-2 cell monolayers (P < 0.05, 0.01). Iperatorin, isoimperatorin, and oxypeucedanin could improve the transport of vincristine across Caco-2 cell monolayers significantly (P < 0.05, 0.01), but bergapten could significantly restrain the transport of vincristine across Caco-2 cell monolayers (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Different furan coumarins have different effects on the intestinal transport of the same medicine. Although the structures all are the furan type, the influence shows the opposite effect on drug transport. The same furan coumarin combined with different drugs have the different influences on the intestinal transport of compatibility drugs.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319622

ABSTRACT

With the content of gallic acid, loganin, paeoniflorin and paeonol as the indexes, to screen out dissolution determination conditions, establish the dissolution determination method for multi-index components in Liuwei Dihuang concentrated pills, calculate and map the accumulative dissolution curve, and then compare the dissolution of products from different pharmaceutical factories through the similarity factor (f2). According to the results, the optimum dissolution determination conditions were the paddle method, with 250 mL 0.1 mol x L(-1) hydrochloric acid as the dissolution medium, and a rotation rate of 100 r x min(-1). The similarity factor values (f2) of the dissolution curves of the four main components of Liuwei Dihuang concentrated pills from different pharmaceutical factories were mostly less than 50. This demonstrated a significant difference in the dissolution of Liuwei Dihuang concentrated pills from different pharmaceutical factories, and provided scientific basis for improving the equality evaluation of Liuwei Dihuang concentrated pills.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Humans , Organic Chemicals , Quality Control , Solvents , Chemistry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310997

ABSTRACT

The impact of key physical properties on granulated products by the high-speed mixing wet method was studied. Andrographis extracts were utilized as the model drug. Four processing methods were adopted to prepare mixed powder of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) and starch with the mass ratio 1:0.5, 1:1 and 1:2 by the high-speed mixing wet method. The properties of the prepared granules were evaluated with such indexes as granule yield, the ratio of lumps and fine powder, granule-AOR and granule-HR. The impact of key physical properties on granulated products was analyzed through stepwise regression analysis. The results showed that angle of repose, moisture content, pore volume, density and contact angle with water were key physical properties of the powder. The key physical properties of Chinese medical extracts powder are the important factor impacting granulated products made by the high-speed mixing wet method. In this study, the impact of key physical properties on granulated products of Chinese medical extracts was analyzed from the physical angle.


Subject(s)
Andrographis , Chemistry , Drug Compounding , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Particle Size , Powders , Chemistry
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315019

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the transport mechanism of baicalin of Scutellariae Radix extracts and the effect of Angelica dahurica extracts on the intestinal absorption of baicalin by using Caco-2 cell monolayer model, in order to analyze the effect mechanism of Angelica dahurica extracts on the intestinal absorption of baicalin.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The Caco-2 cell monolayer model was established with human colonic adenocarcinoma cells, and used to study the effect of pH, time, drug concentration and temperature on the transport of baicalin in Scutellariae Radix extracts, the effect of P-gp and MRP protein-dedicated inhibitors on the bidirectional transport of baicalin in Caco-2 cell model, and the effect of angelica root extracts on baicalin absorption and transport.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Baicalin was absorbed well at 37 degrees C and under pH 7.4 condition and concentration dependent. Its proteins became inactive at 4 degrees C, with a low transport. The bi-drectional transfer PDR was 0. 54. After P-gp inhibitor verapamil and MRP inhibitor probenecid were added, the value of PappBL-AP of baicalin decreased, but without any difference in PDR. The transport of baicalin was improved by 2.34, 3.31 and 3.13 times, after A. dahurica extract coumarin, volatile oil, and mixture of coumarin and volatile oil.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The transport mechanism of baicalin is mainly passive transfer and supplemented with efflux proteins involved. A. dahurica extracts can enhance the absorption of baicalin, which may be related to the passive transfer merchanism of baicalin. A. dahurica extracts' effect in opening the close junction among cells may be related to its expression or function in inhibiting efflux proteins.</p>


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Metabolism , Angelica , Chemistry , Biological Transport , Caco-2 Cells , Cell Line, Tumor , Coumarins , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Drug Interactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Flavonoids , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Intestinal Absorption , Physiology , Oils, Volatile , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Probenecid , Pharmacology , Scutellaria baicalensis , Chemistry , Verapamil , Pharmacology
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 232-237, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348972

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanism of the absorption enhancement of Angelica dahurica extract (Ade), the absorption mechanism of baicalin in the Scutcllaria water extraction as well as the effect of Angelica dahurica extract on absorption of baicalin were investigated. In order to determine the main absorption site, everted intestinal sac model was used to study the effect of Angelica dahurica extract on the absorption of baicalin at duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon. In situ single pass intestinal perfusion model was performed to study the absorption of various concentrations of baicalin and the effect of Angelica dahurica extract on the absorption of baicalin at the main absorption site. To authenticate the consequence of perfusion by getting the blood from the hepatic portal vein and determine the concentration of the baicalin in the blood. The result showed that baicalin could be absorbed at all of the four intestinal segments with increasing absorption amount per unit as follows: ileum > colon > jejunum > duodenum. The absorption ofbaicalin in the duodenum significantly increased with Angelica dahurica extract, thus, duodenum was chosen to be the studying site. Apparent permeability values (Papp) and absorption rate constant (Ka) of baicalin in the duodenum increased gradually with higher concentrations. When the concentration of baicalin rises to a certain degree, the absorption increase had a saturable process, the absorption of baicalin may be an active transportation. Baicalin may be not a substrate of P-gp as verapamil which had not significantly affected the Papp and Ka of baicalin. The absorption of baicalin in the duodenum significantly increased (P < 0.01) in the two models with Angelica dahurica extract and the concentration of baicalin in the blood from the hepatic portal vein showed that the Angelica dahurica extract can increase the absorption of baicalin.


Subject(s)
Angelica , Chemistry , Animals , Drug Synergism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Duodenum , Metabolism , Flavonoids , Pharmacokinetics , Herb-Drug Interactions , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Metabolism , Male , Perfusion , Permeability , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Portal Vein , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Scutellaria , Chemistry , Verapamil , Pharmacology
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 645-650, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278204

ABSTRACT

This paper is aimed to develop a rapid and sensitive HPLC-fluorescence detection (FLD) method for the determination of tetrahydropalmatine (TET) in rats' plasma. The influence of combinations of Extractum Angelicae Dahuricae Siccum (coumarin and volatile oil) and total alkaloids (TA) from Rhizoma Corydalis (TA) on pharmacokinetics of TET in rats was studied. Plasma samples were treated with hexane-isopropanol (95:5) to precipitate the protein, and were determined by HPLC-fluorescence detection. The calibration curve was linear in the range of 2.096-167.68 microg L(-1). The limit of quantification was 2.096 microg L(-1). The method recovery of TET was 94.0%-100.0%. The extract recovery was 72.0%-81.5%. RSDs ofintra- and inter-day precisions were all less than 7.0%. Pharmacokinetics of TET in rats was fitted to two compartments open model after oral administration of TA, TA-volatile oil (VO), TA-coumarin (Cou) and TA-VO-Cou. Compared with TA, AUC(0-t), AUC(0-infinity), MRT(0-t), and MRT(0-infinity) of TET had significant deviation when combined with VO and/or Cou. The determination method is sensitive, specific, accurate, and appropriate for determination of TET in vivo. Coumarin and/or VO combined with TA can prolong the resistance time of TET significantly, delay elimination and enhance bioavailability of tetrahydropalmatine.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Angelica , Chemistry , Animals , Berberine Alkaloids , Pharmacokinetics , Corydalis , Chemistry , Coumarins , Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Oils, Volatile , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rhizome , Chemistry
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