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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904070

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pain and cartilage destruction caused by osteoarthritis (OA) is a major challenge in clinical treatment.Traditional intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) can relieve the disease, but limited by the difficulty of longterm maintenance of efficacy. @*METHODS@#In this study, an injectable and self-healing hydrogel was synthesized by in situ crosslinking of N-carboxyethyl chitosan (N-chitosan), adipic acid dihydrazide (ADH), and hyaluronic acid–aldehyde (HA-ALD). @*RESULTS@#This supramolecular hydrogel sustains good biocompatibility for chondrocytes. Intra-articular injection of this novel hydrogel can significantly alleviate the local inflammation microenvironment in knee joints, through inhibiting the inflammatory cytokines (such as TNF-a, IL-1b, IL-6 and IL-17) in the synovial fluid and cartilage at 2- and even 12-weeks post-injection. Histological and behavioral test indicated that hydrogel injection protected cartilage destruction and relieved pain in OA rats, in comparison to HA injection. @*CONCLUSION@#This kind of novel hydrogel, which is superior to the traditional HA injection, reveals a great potential for the treatment of OA.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896366

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pain and cartilage destruction caused by osteoarthritis (OA) is a major challenge in clinical treatment.Traditional intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) can relieve the disease, but limited by the difficulty of longterm maintenance of efficacy. @*METHODS@#In this study, an injectable and self-healing hydrogel was synthesized by in situ crosslinking of N-carboxyethyl chitosan (N-chitosan), adipic acid dihydrazide (ADH), and hyaluronic acid–aldehyde (HA-ALD). @*RESULTS@#This supramolecular hydrogel sustains good biocompatibility for chondrocytes. Intra-articular injection of this novel hydrogel can significantly alleviate the local inflammation microenvironment in knee joints, through inhibiting the inflammatory cytokines (such as TNF-a, IL-1b, IL-6 and IL-17) in the synovial fluid and cartilage at 2- and even 12-weeks post-injection. Histological and behavioral test indicated that hydrogel injection protected cartilage destruction and relieved pain in OA rats, in comparison to HA injection. @*CONCLUSION@#This kind of novel hydrogel, which is superior to the traditional HA injection, reveals a great potential for the treatment of OA.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922464

ABSTRACT

RNA sequencing (RNAseq) can reveal gene fusions, splicing variants, mutations/indels in addition to differential gene expression, thus providing a more complete genetic picture than DNA sequencing. This most widely used technology in genomics tool box has evolved from classic bulk RNA sequencing (RNAseq), popular single cell RNA sequencing (scRNAseq) to newly emerged spatial RNA sequencing (spRNAseq). Bulk RNAseq studies average global gene expression, scRNAseq investigates single cell RNA biology up to 20,000 individual cells simultaneously, while spRNAseq has ability to dissect RNA activities spatially, representing next generation of RNA sequencing. This article highlights these technologies, characteristic features and suitable applications in precision oncology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasms , Precision Medicine , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Whole Exome Sequencing
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733353

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the changes in hippocampal voltage-gated sodium channel of Lithium chloride-Pilocarpine epileptic rat models,including Ⅰ sodium channel α subunit protein (Nav1.1),mRNA of Ⅰ sodium channel alpha subunit protein gene and function of sodium channel.Methods Epileptic rat models of Lithium chloride-Pilocarpine were established.Nav1.1 expression in the hippocampus of experimental rats was detected by immunohistochemical staining method,and the changes in voltage-gated sodium channel function (the current-voltage curves,activation and inactivation curves and the recovery curve) of hippocampus nerve cells were detected by whole cell patch-clamp technique.Results (1) The Lithium chloride-Pilocarpine rat models were successfully reproduced.Three stages of behavior (acute,latent and chronic) of rat models were observed.The blank control group was free of seizure.(2) Immunohistochemistry results:neurons in CA1 and DG regions of hippocampal of epileptic rats were normal,and there was no obvious change in the expression of Nav1.1.In CA3 area,the degeneration and necrosis of neurons were obvious.Staining of Nav1.1 became superficial and even disappeared in these areas,but the normal tissues were enhanced around degenerative and necrotic neurons.Compared with the blank control group,the expression of Nav1.1 in the model group was higher(0.235 ±0.008 vs.O.210 ±0.002),and there was statistically significant difference (t'=-7.426,P < 0.05).(3) The whole-cell patch-clamp technique showed that the sodium current density of the model group increased significantly compared with that of the blank group [(-319.70 ± 28.24) pA/pF vs.(-229.06 ± 26.01) pA/pF,t =8.178,P < 0.05],the threshold value of activation curve decreased (4.15 ± 0.80 vs.4.50 ±0.85,t =11.020,P < 0.05),the threshold value of inactivation curve increased (7.47 ± 0.53 vs.6.24 ±0.31,t =6.940,P < 0.05),and the recovery time after inactivation shortened [(1.36 ± 0.15) ms vs.(1.86 ± 0.21)ms,t =6.712,P < 0.05],and there were all statistically significant differences.Conclusion Repeated seizures can lead to increase Nav1.1 compensatory expression of,and significantly increase sodium channel current density,while the threshold value of activation curve decreases,the threshold value of inactivation curve rises,and the recovery time after inactivation is shortened,which eventually leads to increased neuron excitability and is more likely to cause seizures.

5.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 815-820, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732768

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the regulation of microRNA (miRNA,miR)-758-3p on the expression of murine double microsomal gene 2 (MDM2) and its effect on invasion and proliferation of gastric cancer cell line MGC803.Methods The bioinformatics software was used to predict MDM2 as target gene of miR-758-3p.The wild type MDM2 gene 3'untranslated region luciferase reporter gene vector and miR-758-3p target sequence mutated vector and the corresponding miRNA were transfected into gastric cancer cells MGC803 by lipofectamine.Dual luciferase reporter system detects luciferase activity.The miR-758-3p mimics were transfected into gastric cancer cell MGC803 by lipofectamine.Real-time PCR was used to detect the transfection efficiency.Real-time PCR and Western blot were used to detect miR-MDM2 expression level in cells after transfection.Transwell assay and CCK-8 assay were used to detect cell invasion and proliferation.SPSS 20.0 was used to conduct the statistical analysis.Results Dual luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-758-3p could target MDM2 gene(P < 0.05).The expression level of miR-758-3p in MGC803 cells transfected with miR-758-3p mimics was significantly higher than that in miR-NC cells [(6.68 ±0.53) vs (0.84 t0.12),P <0.01].Compared with miR-NC group,MDM2 expression was down-regulated in MGC803 cells transfected with miR-758-3p mimics (P < 0.05).The number of invasive cells in miR-NC group and miR-758-3p group were (136.00 ± 16.62) and (79.49 ± 6.42).After knockdown MDM2,the invasiveness of cells was significantly decreased (P < 0.05).The results of CCK-8 showed that the proliferation of MGC803 cells transfected with miR-758-3p group was significantly lower than that of miR-NC group (P < 0.01).Conclusion miR-758-3p can reduce the invasion and proliferation of MGC803 cells by targeting MDM2.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614962

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes in corneal astigmatism after trabeculectomy using removable suture and the duration of postoperative diopter stabilization.Methods From June 2014 to July 2016,70 primary glaucoma patients (70 eyes) were enrolled and divided into two groups,including experimental group 40 patients (40 eyes) with trabeculectomy using removable suture and control group 30 patients (30 eyes) with trabeculectomy alone.Then,several variables of corneal topography,corneal curvature,diopter and intraocular pressure were recorded and analyzed before operation and 1 week (before removal of the suture),1 month and 3 months after surgery.Results In the two groups,postoperative diopter and intraocular pressure at each time point approached significant difference (all P < 0.01).There was significant difference in comparison of corneal astigmatism 1 week after surgery (3.80 ± 1.31) D and preoperative corneal astigmatism (1.48 ± 0.79) D in experimental group,and this was true of the control group for corneal astigmatism 1 week after surgery [(1.42 ± 0.32)] and preoperative data (1.12 ± 0.36) D (all P < 0.05).Moreover,corneal astigmatism 1 month and 3 months after surgery in the experimental group was (1.50 ± 0.71) D and (1.36 ± 0.61) D,and this data in the control group was (1.24 ± 0.31) D and (1.09 ±0.34)D respectively,and their differences was not statistically significant compared with the control group (all P > 0.05).There was significant difference in the corneal astigmatism 1 week after operation (P < 0.01),while there was no significant difference in this variable 1 month and 3 months after operation between the two groups (all P > 0.05).Although the corneal astigmatism 1 month after operation was enhanced compared with 3 months after operation,but the difference was not statistically significant (all P > 0.05).In addition,the number of with-the-rule astigmatism in the experimental group and the control group were 33 eyes and 22 eyes respectively (P =0.36).Conclusion The corneal astigmatism caused by trabeculectomy using removable suture was significantly enhanced in the early period,but it decrease easily in 1 month after removing the suture,with keeping stable in 3 months and getting with-the-rule astigmatism 3 months after surgery.

7.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3053-3056, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608782

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between the posterior vertebral muscle group aging degeneration and body mass index (BMI) in normal middle-aged and elderly women.Methods One hundred and fifteen women(48-75 years old) were divided into the middle-aged group (<60 years old) and elderly group (≥60 years old).The muscle area of posterior vertebral muscle group and fat area at lumbar levels L3 were measured by quantitative computed tomography (QCT).The muscle fat infiltration (MFI),e.g.fat area/(muscle area + fat area),was calculated.The differences between the two groups were compared by using independent-samples t test.The correlation and linear regression analysis were used for analyzing the correlations between the muscle area,fat area and MFI with age and BMI.Results The BMI had no statistical difference between the two groups (P>0.05),while the muscle area of posterior vertebral muscle group,fat area and MFI had statistical difference (t=2.182,-1.997,-2.604,P=0.031,0.048,0.010);the correlation and linear regression analysis showed that controlling the body height,body mass factor and age were positively correlated with the fat area of posterior vertebral muscle group and MFI(r=0.275,0.320,t=2.915,3.445,P=0.004,0.001),while had no obvious correlation with the muscle area(r=-1.109,P =0.270);controlling age factor and BMI were positively correlated with the fat area of posterior vertebral muscle group and MFI(r=0.361,0.307,t=3.945,3.277,P≤0.001),while had no obvious correlation with the muscle area(t=1.653,P=0.101).Conclusion In middle-aged and elderly women,the fat content of posterior vertebral muscle group is increased with the age increase.In evaluating the degeneration,especially greater body mass,the fat content of muscles and their proportion have more significance than the muscle area.

8.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 4-9, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488492

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the occupational characteristics in patients with avascular necrosis of femoral head and related factors.Methods A random sample of 1062 patients with avascular necrosis of femoral head of inpatient medical record data from 2007 to 2008 was selected, all patients were confirmed by X-ray, CT, MRI or radionuclide bone scan.Patients were assigned to three groups of agriculture (320 cases), non-agricultural (424 cases), the other(318 cases) groups by different occupation.The patient's age, gender, ethnicity, single or bilateral, etiology, staging, time of onset and region were compared in each group.Results The proportions of gender (male/female) were 21.94% (233/1062) and 8.19% (87/1062) in agriculture group,32.77% (348/1062) and 7.16% (76/1062) , 21.66% (230/1062) and 8.29% (88/1062) in non-agricultural and the other groups respectively.The proportions of region (Northeast, North, East, South, Southwest, Northwest of China) were 3.30% (35/1062), 8.00% (85/1062), 8.10% (86/1062), 4.80% (51/1062), 3.11%(33/1062) ,2.82% (30/1062) in agriculture group, 8.29% (88/1062), 10.08% (107/1062), 7.72% (82/1062), 7.25% (77/1062), 2.26% (24/1062), 4.33% (46/1062), and 4.05% (43/1062), 8.38% (89/1062) ,8.10%(86/1062) ,4.61%(49/1062) ,2.17%(23/1062) ,2.64%(28/1062) in the group of non-agricultural and the other.The proportions of etiology (alcohol, hormones, trauma, two or more, the other) were 5.46% (58/1062), 6.97% (74/1062), 4.43% (47/1062), 0.94% (10/1062), 12.34% (131/1062) in agriculture group, 10.55% (112/1062), 7.72% (82/1062), 5.74% (61/1062), 2.26% (24/1062), 13.65% (145/1062), and 4.90% (52/1062), 5.93% (63/1062), 4.90% (52/1062), 0.66% (7/1062), 13.56% (144/1062) in the group of non-agricultural and the other.The proportions of gender, region, etiology in each group were analyzed by x2 test, the differences were statistically significant (x2 =12.77, 24.55, 26.36, P <0.05).The onset time and ARCO staging in each group, the correlations were analyzed by Spearman test, the differences were statistically significant(rs =0.282,0.232,0.208, P<0.05).The onset of time and average age in different occupational group with different, due to factors such as gender, ethnicity, single or bilateral, region, and so on.Conclusion Patients with avascular necrosis of femoral head in different occupational group have different epidemiological characteristics.The occupational characteristics analysis can provide scientific data for diagnosis,treatment and prevention in patients with avascular necrosis of femoral head.

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 398-401, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488466

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of operation timing on patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis underwent valve replacement during perioperative period.Methods Retrospective analysis were performed on 122 cases diagnosed as rheumatic mitral stenosis (mitral stenosis,MS) underwent valve replacement,during January 2012 through December 2013 in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery,General Hospital of Shenyang military region.According to the mitral valve area (mitral valve area,MVA) measured by echocardiography before operation,patients were respectively divided into three groups,mild stenosis (> 1.5 cm2),moderate stenosis (1.0 ~ 1.5 cm2),and severe stenosis (< 1.0 cm2).Through the single factor and multi-factor logistic regression analysis on all clinical data collected from patients,the effects of operation timing on patients were confirmed in perioperative period in each group.Results The results were satisfied in the group.Heart function was significantly raised compared to that before surgery,and the life quality of the patients was improved.Two cases died during hospitalization,New York Heart Association Functional Class (NYHA) reached between Ⅰ ~ Ⅱ,Ⅱ,perhaps Ⅰ for survival.Single factor analysis showed that the pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (pulmonary arterial systolic pressure,PASP),left ventricular end diastolic volume,mitral valve area,cardiothoracic ratio,intensive care unit (ICU) staying,ventilator-assistant during hospitalization were influence factors on surgical opportunity of patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis and perioperative outcomes.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pulmonary artery pressure and mitral valve orifice area were the independent influence factors on surgical timing by collecting perioperative outcomes in the groups.Conclusions Mitral valve replacement (mitral valve replacement,MVR) is an effective method in the treatment of rheumatic mitral stenosis.Timely operation can improve the prognosis of patients in the perioperative period,and help to improve the quality of life.Early treatment should be an important factor affecting the perioperative prognosis.Timely operation,early treatment may improve the patient's survival during perioperative period.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448375

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the prevention and treatment experience of complications of cardiac myxoma excision.Methods Cardiac myxoma excision were performed in 215 cases under general anesthesia,cardiopulmonary bypass and cardiac arrest condition.Results Two cases died from severe low cardiac output syndrome which eventually caused multiple organ failure.The remaining 213 cases were cured and discharged.Among 213 cases,low cardiac output syndrome occurred in 35 cases,re-open chest for bleeding was performed in 8 cases,30 cases in arrhythmia (including paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in 20 cases and ventricular premature in 10 cases),no vital organs embolism occurred.Follow-up was done to 200 patients for 1-8 years with a follow-up rate of 93.9% (200/213).In 200 cases,1 case died from lung cancer,1 case recurred and was cured after re-operation.The remaining patients had no obvious abnormalities.Conclusion As the particularity of surgical treatment of cardiac myxoma,it is essential to take prevention measures to reduce complications of cardiac myxoma excision in perioperative periods.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447187

ABSTRACT

Objective Atrial structure remodeling is the important pathologic basis of generate and development in chronic atrial fibrillation(AF) of valvular heart disease.To analyze the changed feature of AF in rheumatic mitral valve stenosis (MS) and mitral valve prolapse(MVP) after mitral valve surgery,along with fundamental change of hemodynamics in left atrial.Methods Firstly,divided into sinus rhythm (SR) group and AF group according to cardiac rhythm postoperative 6 months,and then divided into MS and MVP two subgroups with age matched,namely rheumatic sinus rhythm group (RS group),MVP sinus rhythm group(PS group),rheumatic AF group(RAF group) and MVP AF group(PAF group),30 patients in each group.Independent sample t test andx2 test were used in comparison among groups,and matched t test in preoperative and postoperative comparison of each group.Results There are 15 (50%) AF patients before surgery and 10 (33.3%) AF patients postoperative 1 month in RS group.But cardiac rhythm of MVP patients has no significant change.Left atrial diameter(LAD) in AF group was larger than in SR group significantly preoperative and postoperative 1 month and 6 months(P < 0.05),and LAD have no significant difference between RAF and PAF group,P > 0.05 ; LAD in RS group preoperative and postoperative 1 month was larger than in PS group(P =0.008 and 0.018,respectively),but there is no significant difference between RS and PS groups postoperative 6 months(P =0.558).Systolic peak velocity(Smm) at valve ring with PWTDI were(6.0 ± 1.4) cm/s,(6.7 ± 1.8) cm/s and (6.2 ± 1.6) cm/s preoperative and postoperative 1 month and 6 months,lower than normal range obviously; Smm before surgery in PAF group was(9.3 ± 3.7)cm/s,but reduced obviously after surgery 1 month and 6 months and near the level of rheumatic patients.Conclusion Generate and development mechanism of AF in MS and MVP patients exist some extent difference,the rhythm of partial MS patients with chronic AF will turn to and maintain sinus rhythm along with LAD decreased,there is no this characteristic in MVP patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1070-1073, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440339

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the average difference of CHN atlas method bone age (BA) determination (left-vs.right-hand) for children and adolescents.Methods Radiographs of hands of healthy children and adolescent (age range:1.0-19.0 years) were analysed to determine BA,producing analysis results for 1380 hand images.The images were assessed by two radiologists based on CHN atlas method,who were blinded to the chronological age (CA) of them.The intra-and inter-observer variations were used for evaluating the reliability of CHN atlas method.The difference of BA using left-or right-hand BA was evaluated by t test.Results No significant difference was found for intra-or inter-observer variations (P > 0.05).The BAs of left-and right-hand radiograph showed significant difference in the groups for boys (16.0-16.9,17.0-17.9 years),girls (6.0-6.9 years) and both of them (6.0-6.9,16.0-16.9 years).The regression model analysis showed no significant difference(t =-0.427,P =0.670).Conclusion Comparison of left-and right-hand BA shos no significant difference using CHN atlas method,indicating that either hand could be used to determine BA.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1066-1069, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440338

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate bone age of left-hand wrist in healthy adolescents of Shenyang and Beijing for assessing the process of skeletal development.Methods From 2008 to 2012,1333 adolescents (aged form 4.0 to 18.0 ys) of Shenyang and Beijing were enrolled in this study.Skeletal age was estimated by left hand and wrist X-ray using CHN atlas by 2 qualified radiologists.The correlation between skeletal and chronological age was analyzed using correlation analysis.Skeletal age and chronological age were compared using paired t test.The differences between skeletal and chronological age in genders and regions were compared using independent-samples t test.SPSS for Windows (version 13.0)was used for statistical analysis.P < 0.05 was considered as significant difference.Results (1) Close correlation was found between skeletal age and chronological age (P < 0.01) for both two genders and two regions.(2)Among 28 groups of investigation,16 groups (boys,11 groups) had higher skeletal ages than chronological ages with statistical significance,including Shenyang boys aged 6.0-18.0 ys,Shenyang girls aged 6.0-7.9 ys and 14.0-15.9 ys,Beijing boys at 6.0-15.9 ys and Beijing girls at 8.0-13.9 ys.(3) Comparison between boys and girls:5 groups showed significant difference,including 8.0-9.9 ys,10.0-11.9 ys and 16.0-18.0 ys groups in Shenyang and 6.0-7.9 ys,10.0-11.9 ys groups in Beijing.(4) Comparison between Shenyang and Beijing:6 groups showed statistical significance,including boys at 10.0-11.9 ys,12.0-13.9 ys and 16.0-17.9 ys and girls at 6.0-7.9 ys,8.0-9.9 ys and 10.0-11.9 ys.Conclusion Although CHN atlas method could reflect adolescent bone development,the skeletal age is higher than chronological age in many groups,and the difference between skeletal and chronological age is statistically different between genders and between two regions.This research can be used as a reference for the study of skeletal development and for further emendation of CHN atlas.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1063-1065, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439950

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the difference of Han male children and adolescent bone age of wrist-hand in Beijing and Guangzhou.Methods Bone age (BA) of left hand-wrist was assessed using X-ray by two radiologists based on CHN atlas method in 993 healthy children and adolescents (age range:1.0-19.0 years).The radiologists were blinded to the chronological age (CA) of those children.The interobserver variations were analyzed for evaluating the reliability of CHN Atlas method.The difference between CA and BA were separately assessed,and were analyzed by t test.Results Close correlation was found between BA and CA (r =0.969,0.957,P < 0.01) in both two regions.The bone age was advanced at 1.0-3.9,and 7.0-15.9 years in Beijing boys,and at 1.0-2.9,6.0-7.9 years in Guangzhou bpys.There was significant difference at 1.0-1.9,9.0-14.9 years between Beijing and Guangzhou.Conclusions The bone age of Han male children adolescent in Beijing and Guangzhou area has the characteristic of acceleration.There is significance difference at some years between Beijing and Guangzhou,and the results can provide potential value for the further study of BA and clinical medicine.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430973

ABSTRACT

To study the effects of Xifeng Capsule, a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, combined with carbamazepine on spontaneous epileptic seizure induced by lithium and pilocarpine in rats and the expression level of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1).

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428972

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the causes,treatment,and prevention of left ventricular rupture after mitral valvereplacement.Methods From May 1981 to November 2010,11 cases occurred in 4 male and 7 female patients aged 28 - 71 years old.There were 2 cases of New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class Ⅱ and 9 cases of class Ⅲ.Echocardiography showed that the left ventricular end diastolic internal diameter (LVEDI) was 32 -62 mm.Results Rupture probably occurs after endocardial damage to a thin myocardium that has lost the internal buttress of the subvalvar apparatus.With the rise in intraventricular pressure at the end of bypass blood dissects into the myocardium,resulting in a large haematoma and eventual rupture.According to the onset of ruptures,there were 4 cases of delayed rupture which occured at several hours till days post operation after the patients had been back in the ICU,and 7 cases of early ruptur,which occured at the early stage of surgery,while the patient was still in the operation room.There were no cases of ruptures.The types of the ruptures were identified by operation or necropsy as 5 cases of type Ⅰ,4 cases of type Ⅱ,and 2 cases of type Ⅲ.Four patients were saved after emergency treatment,and 7 died.Conclusion It is difficult to repair left ventricle rupture,but effective prevention for onset can decrease its occurrence.The risk factors for left ventricular ruptures are female,advanced age,pathological changes characterized by mitral stenosis,small left ventricle (LVEDD < 35 mm),and low weight( <50 kg ).The following actions raise the risk of let ventricular rupture.Isolated replacement of the mitral valve than after double valve replacement or mitral valve replacement and coronary artery bypass graft; aggressive removal of calcification at the mitral valve; undue selection and replacement of mitral valve prostheses; large size of prosthetic valve with a high bioprosthetic angle in particular; deep sutures at the valve ring; aggressive traction or removal of papillary muscle,hematoma,and heart move.Also we should continue correcting unstable hemodynamic especially with very high blood pressure.Once left ventricular rupture occurs,extracorporeal circulation should be established as soon as possible,and direet suture or intracardiac and extracardiac repair suited to actual conditions are reliable ways to save the patient's life.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 870-873, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421678

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the relationship between the proliferation of parathyroid cell in rabbit with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and the bone mineral density (BMD). MethodsEighty adult Chinese rabbits were randomly and equally divided into two groups. The contrast group was fed with normal diet ( Ca ∶ P, 1.0 ∶ 0. 7 ) and the experimental group was fed with high phosphate diet ( Ca ∶ P,1.0∶7.0) to establish the animal model of PHPT. At 3, 4, 5, and 6 months after the diet, bone mineral density of the rabbits was measured by the quantity CT (QCT). Then, the parathyroid and bone of the rabbits were removed for pathological examination. The number of parathyroid cell in PHPT was calculated.Proliferation was determined by immunohistochemistry of proliferation cell nuclear antigen ( PCNA ) and Bcl-2. The t test and Logistic regression was used to analyze the difference of data of two groups. ResultThe number of parathyroid cell in PHPT group was 1.61 times than that in the contrast group[ (673 ± 151 ) HP,(418 ± 25 ) HP,P <0. 01]. The rate of PCNA positive-cell was significantly increased in PHPT group than that in contrast group [(50.52 ± 11.62)%o, (26.70 ± 2. 78 )%, P < 0.01], and so was Bcl-2[ (460. 37 ± 190. 05 )‰, (67. 02 ±:4. 38 )%‰,P <0. 05]. The value of BMD was significantly decreased in PHPT group than that in contrast group [ ( 152. 5 ± 34. 3 ), ( 188.6 ± 12. 2 ) g/cm3, P < 0. 05]. There was a negative correlation between BMD and PCNA (r = -0. 749, P < 0. 05 ) and between BMD and Bcl-2 (r =-0.800, P < 0. 05 ) in PHPT group. ConclusionThe BMD of PHPT is related to the parathyroid cells proliferation which provide a reliable method for early diagnosis of PHPT.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414278

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of anticipatory and post-event information processing on the memories and perception of the symptom in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). Methods A group of 32 SAD patients and a control group of 35 healthy indivisuals were included. Instruments including Self-Rating Depression Scale, Subjective Units Discomfort Scale( SUDS ), Rumination Questionnaire ,Open-ended Recall and Body Sensations Questionnaire were adopted in both groups. Results In the group SAD, no significant difference was identified between the experimental group( (49.68 ± 17.68), ( 19.00 ± 1.25), (0. 54 ±0. 17) ) and the experimental control group( ( 50.43 ± 20.72 ), ( 18.68 ± 1.25 ), ( 0.52 ± 0.17 ) ) when the ratings the memories of body sensations, rumination, and negative self-information score were compared (P> 0.05 ). There was a significant positive correlation between the level of rumination ,SUDS, the memories of negative self-information and the body sensations scores( r= 0.72; r= 0.94; r= 0.70, P< 0.01 ). The scores of rumination explained 64% of the variation in SUDS scores(β=0.82, P<0. 01 ). Conclusion This study suggest that social anxiety is affected directly by rumination which can result in more memories of negative self-information and the body sensation. Symptoms are maintained by post-event information processing.

19.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 228-231,封3, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597759

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method of a new type of liver fibrosis model in rats induced by repeated injection of rabbits' liver homogenate. Methods Female Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal control group (8 rats), a human albumin induced liver fibrosis model group (15 rats) and a rabbits'liver homogenate induced liver fibrosis group (15 rats). The induction of liver fibrosis began with an immune sensitizing period (4 weeks) and was followed by an immune attacking period (8 weeks). After 8 weeks'attacking, all rats were sacrificed under anesthesia. Liver enzymes in serum and hydroxyproline in liver tissue were measured by standard methods and pathological scores were assessed by pathologists. Results The rats' liver weight, ratio of liver weight to body weight in the model group of liver homogenate were significantly increased compared with the normal control group. Serum globulin, tissue hydroxyproline were significantly increased, whereas serum albumin was significantly decreased in the homogenate group. There was only 20.0 percent of liver fibrosis score (2/10) exceeding a degree of 3 in the albumin group whereas 73.3 percent of that (11/15) were exceeding a degree of 3 in the homogenate group and the difference was significant (x2 = 4. 87,P = 0. 027). Conclusion In the study, we established a method of a new type of experimental liver fibrosis model in rats. The method has a significantly high success rate and this model can be used to study the mechanism of liver fibrosis and the efficacy of antifibrotic medicine.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391756

ABSTRACT

Objective To probe the effective measures for decreasing the early mortality after unsuccessful interventional treatment for atrial septal defect(ASD)and ventricular septal defect(VSD).Methods A total of 16 patients who underwent surgical treatment of unsuccessful interventional treatment for ASD and VSD from January 2000 to December 2007 were included in this retrospective analysis.Surgical indication was the occluder abscission(7 cases),cardiac perforation(3 eases),the third degree atrioventricular conduction block(3 cases),valvular regurgitation(2 cases,1 case accompanied with the third degreeatrioventricular conduction block),residual shunt(1 case),unsuecesflful interventional treatment(1 case).An of 16 cases underwent surgical treatment including removal of the displaced occluder and/or the congenital heart disease repaired on cardiopulmonary bypass.After surgical treatment.all patients were transferred into ICU for further supervision and treatment.Results There Was no hospital mortality.Twelve ASD cases were performed after the interventional treatment,which included 5 cases with central ASD and 7 CaseS with inferior sinus venous ASD.Coincidental rate between operating exploration and preoperative diagnosis was 41.7%(5/12).Misdiagnostic rate between them was 58.3%(7/12).The diameter of ASD (31.0 ±1.0)mm by operating exploration after interventional therapy of ASD obviously increased compared with that(26.0±2.3)mm before preoperative diagnosis(P<0.05).The diameter of VSD(5.0±0.8)mm by operating exploration after intervenfional therapy of VSD obviously increased compared with that(4.0±0.3)mm before operative diagnosis(P>0.05).,The third degree atrioventricular conduction block(3 cases)restored sinus rhythm after operation.Procedure was successful in all patients.Conclusion It is necessary to monitor severe complications of unsuccessful interventional treatment for ASD and VSD to assure the successes of the operations.

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