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1.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 11-17, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009506

ABSTRACT

Tendinopathies are chronic diseases of an unknown etiology and associated with inflammation. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have emerged as a viable therapeutic option to combat the pathological progression of tendinopathies, not only because of their potential for multidirectional differentiation and self-renewal, but also their excellent immunomodulatory properties. The immunomodulatory effects of MSCs are increasingly being recognized as playing a crucial role in the treatment of tendinopathies, with MSCs being pivotal in regulating the inflammatory microenvironment by modulating the immune response, ultimately contributing to improved tissue repair. This review will discuss the current knowledge regarding the application of MSCs in tendinopathy treatments through the modulation of the immune response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Inflammation , Cell Differentiation
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 418-423, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016651

ABSTRACT

Twelve compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of the 80% aqueous ethanol extract of the roots and stems of Dalbergia rimosa Roxb. by silica gel, MCI, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by spectral analysis such as UV, IR, MS, 1D/2D NMR and by comparison with literature information as dalbergiquinol A (1), dalbergiquinol B (2), R-(-)-3′-hydroxy-2,4,5-trimethoxydalbergiquinol (3), neokhriol A (4), mucronulatol (5), (3R)-7,2′,3′-trihydroxy-4′-methoxy-isoflavane (6), isomucronulatol (7), (3S)-violanone (8), 3′-O-methylviolanone (9), eryvarin M (10), (±)-α,3,4,2′,4′-pentahydroxydihydrochalcone (11) and (-)-butin (12). Compound 1 and 2 are new compounds, and compounds 3-12 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Compounds 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 11, 12 showed good scavenging effect on DPPH free radical.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 162-169, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964300

ABSTRACT

Thirteen isoflavones were separated and purified from an ethanol extract of the rhizome of Dalbergia benthamii Prain by using silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, recrystallization et al. Their structures were identified by physicochemical properties and spectral analysis such as MS, 1D/2D-NMR as dalbergibenthamin (1), butesuperin A (2), xanthocercin A (3), butesuperin B (4), di-O-methylalpinum isoflavone (5), 2′-deoxgisoaunculutin (6), robustone (7), 4′-hydroxy-5,7-dimethoxy-6-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-isoflavone (8), formononetin (9), 6″-O-rhamnosyldaidzin (10), 3′,4′-di-O-methylene-5-hydroxy-7-methoxy-6-isopentenyl isoflavone (11), derrubone dimethyl enter (12), and derrubone (13). Compound 1 is a pair of new isoflavonoid enantiomers, compound 12 is a new natural product and compounds 1-7 and 10-13 were obtained from D. benthamii Prain for the first time. In vitro cytotoxic activities of the compounds were explored by MTS testing with HL-60, A-549, SMMC-7721, MCF-7 and SW480 cell lines. Results show that compound 8 significantly inhibited cellular proliferation. The IC50 of compound 8 in A-549 and SW480 cells was 16.68 ± 0.19 and 15.21 ± 0.60 μmol·L-1.

4.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 97-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964281

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of Cordyceps sinensis extract (CSE) on osteoporosis and RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis. Methods Bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) was isolated from the bone marrow of C57BL/6 mice. CSE was added in osteoclast differentiation. Osteoclasts were stained by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP). The nearly mature osteoclasts were planted on hydroxyapatite plates and the area of bone lacunae was observed by microscope. The F-actin belt was stained by DAPI and phylloeptide and the number of nuclei was observed by confocal microscopy. The expressions of DC-STAMP, ATP6V0D2, TRAP, CTSK, and NFATC1 were detected by q-PCR. The protein expression of the MAPK pathway was detected by Western Blot. The in vivo experiments were carried out by administering CSE to the ovariectomized mice daily through gavage. After 6 weeks of intervention, mouse femurs were taken for morphological analysis. Peripheral blood was taken for ELISA. Results CSE represses osteoclastogenesis, bone resorption, F-actin belts formation, osteoclast specific gene expressions and MAPK signaling pathways in vitro. In vivo study indicated that CSE prevents OVX-induced osteoporosis and preserves bone volume by repressing osteoclast activity and function. It also increases the serum ALP, BGP content, and reduces TRAP content. Conclusion CSE can attenuate osteoclast formation and OVX-induced osteoporosis, suggesting potential clinical therapeutic effects for osteoporosis.

5.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1087-1104, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982458

ABSTRACT

Gene transcription and new protein synthesis regulated by epigenetics play integral roles in the formation of new memories. However, as an important part of epigenetics, the function of chromatin remodeling in learning and memory has been less studied. Here, we showed that SMARCA5 (SWI/SNF related, matrix-associated, actin-dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily A, member 5), a critical chromatin remodeler, was responsible for hippocampus-dependent memory maintenance and neurogenesis. Using proteomics analysis, we found protein expression changes in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) after the knockdown of SMARCA5 during contextual fear conditioning (CFC) memory maintenance in mice. Moreover, SMARCA5 was revealed to participate in CFC memory maintenance via modulating the proteins of metabolic pathways such as nucleoside diphosphate kinase-3 (NME3) and aminoacylase 1 (ACY1). This work is the first to describe the role of SMARCA5 in memory maintenance and to demonstrate the involvement of metabolic pathways regulated by SMARCA5 in learning and memory.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Memory , Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly , Hippocampus/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Chromatin/metabolism , Metabolic Networks and Pathways
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3065-3069, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999044

ABSTRACT

Eight compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of the 80% aqueous ethanol extract of the roots and stems of Rubus pirifolius Smith by AB-8 macroporous resin, silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by spectral analysis such as 1D/2D NMR, MS, UV, IR and by comparison with literature information as rubussecotriterpene A (1), rubussecotriterpene B (2), cecropiacic acid (3), cecropiacic acid 3-methyl ester (4), alphitolic acid (5), betulinic acid (6), betulin (7), and obtusalin (8). Compounds 1 and 2 are new compounds, and compounds 3-8 were isolated from this plant for the first time.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 869-874, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992392

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of theophylline intravenous drip combined with high flow respiratory humidifier on serum pro Calcitonin (PCT) and lactate clearance rate (LCR) in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) secondary to type II respiratory failure.Methods:We prospectively selected 120 elderly patients with COPD secondary to type II respiratory failure who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from March 2020 to March 2022. They were randomly divided into the control group ( n=60) and the observation group ( n=60). The control group was treated with non-invasive positive pressure ventilation combined with theophylline intravenous drip, and the observation group was treated with high flow respiratory humidification therapy apparatus combined with theophylline intravenous drip. The sputum viscosity of the two groups was counted, and the pulmonary function [forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV 1), FEV 1/FVC], blood gas analysis, respiratory mechanics, oxygen metabolism, and serum index levels, as well as the difference between acute physiology and chronic health assessment Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) scores after treatment were compared between the two groups. Results:The overall sputum viscosity of the observation group was better than that of the control group ( P<0.05). Before treatment, there was no statistically significant difference in lung function and blood gas analysis indicators between the two groups (all P>0.05); After treatment, the lung function indicators, arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2), and oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2) of both groups were significantly increased compared to before treatment (all P<0.05), while arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) was significantly decreased compared to before treatment (all P<0.05), and the values of each indicator in the observation group after increasing or decreasing were significantly better than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Before treatment, there was no statistically significant difference in respiratory mechanics and oxygen metabolism indicators between the two groups (all P>0.05); After treatment, the arterial blood oxygen content (CaO 2) in the two groups was significantly higher than that before treatment (all P<0.05), while the oxygen uptake rate (ERO 2) in the two groups and the VO 2 max (VO 2Max), airway peak value, and respiratory resistance in the observation group were significantly lower than those before treatment (all P<0.05), and the values of each index in the observation group after rising or falling were significantly better than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Before treatment, there was no statistically significant difference in serum indicators and APACHE Ⅱ scores between the two groups (all P>0.05); After treatment, LCR and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the observation group were significantly higher than those before treatment ( P<0.05), while the scores of PCT, Interleukin 6 (IL-6), CRP and APACHE Ⅱ were significantly lower than those before treatment (all P<0.05), and the values of each index in the observation group after increase or decrease were significantly better than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Theophylline intravenous drip combined with high flow respiratory humidifier can improve respiratory mechanics, oxygen metabolism, reduce inflammatory reaction, and reduce the impact of disease on life in elderly patients with COPD secondary to type II Respiratory failure.

8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 242-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970855

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the shape of the lateral wall and the early failure of internal fixation in the fracture of the femoral trochanteric region(FFT).@*METHODS@#Total 295 patients with femoral trochanteric fracture underwent internal fixation from January 2015 to January 2020 were selected. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether there was early internal fixation failure after surgery, 19 patients in the failure group and 276 patients in the normal group. Gender, affected side, age, AO classification, body mass index(BMI), preoperative hemoglobin, X-ray measurement of lower lateral wall thickness, preoperative internal diseases, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative tip apex distance(TAD), postoperative neck shaft angle, operation time and other data were compared between two groups. The shape of the lateral wall was compared between two groups, and the correlation between the shape of the lateral wall and the early internal fixation failure of femoral trochanteric fracture was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for more than 1 year. There was no significant difference between two groups in terms of intraoperative blood loss, operation time, postoperative TAD, and postoperative neck shaft angle(P>0.05). At the latest follow-up, the visual anaglue scale (VAS) of the failure group was higher than that of the normal group(P<0.01), and the Harris score of the failure group was lower than that of normal group(P<0.05). The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve between shape of lateral wall and failure of early internal fixation of femoral trochanteric fracture was drawn. The critical value of the midpoint lateral wall thickness was 16.5 mm, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.845;The critical value of average sidewall thickness was 16.5 mm, and the area under ROC curve was 0.838;The critical value of the axial area of the sidewall was 7.5 mm, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.826.@*CONCLUSION@#The shape of the lateral femoral wall measured by CT could be used as a predictive factor for the early failure of internal fixation of femoral trochanteric fractures. For patients at risk, more reasonable surgical plans and postoperative preventive measures should be developed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Bone Nails , Retrospective Studies , Hip Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal
9.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0415, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423583

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: There is a lack of electrochemical biosensors that allow finding hemoglobin (Hb), a protein found within red blood cells, available in athletes' urine samples. Objective: This work is focused on the production of dsDNA immobilized on an Au-modified glassy carbon electrode (dsDNA/Au/GCE) and its use as a sensor for the presence of urinary hemoglobin. Methods: The elements were deposited in spherical form and tested as a porosity electrode surface for DNA immobilization according to the surface scan of the functionalized dsDNA/Au/GCE using SEM analysis. DPV and amperometry were used to conduct electrochemical studies. Results: Amperometric analyses showed that Hb determination on dsDNA/Au/GCE showed better stability and sensitivity. In the existence of multiple interfering species and clinical urine samples produced, the selectivity and the actual ability of dsDNA/Au/GCE for hemoglobin determination were investigated. Conclusion: The results showed that dsDNA/Au/GCE is effective, reliable, and selective as an electrochemical sensor of Hb. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Há uma carência de biossensores eletroquímicos que permitam encontrar a hemoglobina (Hb), uma proteína encontrada dentro dos glóbulos vermelhos do sangue, disponível em amostras de urina dos atletas. Objetivo: Este trabalho é focado na produção de dsDNA imobilizado em um eletrodo de carbono vítreo Au-modificado (dsDNA/Au/GCE) e seu uso como sensor para a presença de hemoglobina urinária. Métodos: Os elementos foram depositados em forma esférica e testados como superfície de eletrodo de porosidade para imobilização do DNA, de acordo com o exame de superfície do dsDNA/Au/GCE funcionalizado, utilizando análise SEM. DPV e amperometria foram usados para conduzir estudos eletroquímicos. Resultados: As análises amperométricas demonstraram que a determinação de Hb em dsDNA/Au/GCE apresentou um melhor grau de estabilidade e sensibilidade. Na existência de múltiplas espécies interferentes e amostras clínicas de urina produzidas, a seletividade e capacidade real do dsDNA/Au/GCE para a determinação da hemoglobina foram investigadas. Conclusão: Os resultados mostraram que o dsDNA/Au/GCE é efetivo, confiável e seletivo como sensor eletroquímico de Hb. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Se carece de biosensores electroquímicos que permitan encontrar la hemoglobina (Hb), una proteína que se encuentra dentro de los glóbulos rojos, disponible en las muestras de orina de los deportistas. Objetivo: Este trabajo se centra en la producción de dsDNA inmovilizado en un electrodo de carbono vítreo modificado con Au (dsDNA/Au/GCE) y su uso como sensor de la presencia de hemoglobina urinaria. Métodos: Los elementos fueron depositados en forma esférica y probados como una superficie de electrodo porosa para la inmovilización de ADN, según el escaneo de la superficie del dsDNA/Au/GCE funcionalizado, utilizando el análisis SEM. Se utilizó la DPV y la amperometría para realizar estudios electroquímicos. Resultados: Los análisis amperométricos demostraron que la determinación de Hb en dsDNA/Au/GCE mostraba un mayor grado de estabilidad y sensibilidad. En la existencia de múltiples especies interferentes y muestras clínicas de orina producidas, se investigó la selectividad y la capacidad real del dsDNA/Au/GCE para la determinación de Hb. Conclusión: Los resultados mostraron que el dsDNA/Au/GCE es eficaz, fiable y selectivo como sensor electroquímico de Hb. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 98(6): 750-754, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520023

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Although traditionally used for the diagnosis of skin tumors, in the past few years dermoscopy as a clinical diagnostic aid for inflammatory and infectious skin manifestations has also received more and more attention. The clinical variability of cutaneous sarcoidosis (CS) often makes its correct diagnosis challenging. Dermoscopy can be used as an auxiliary examination method. Objective Our aim was to evaluate the role of dermoscopy in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of CS. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of 39 CS clinical and dermoscopic images collected in the Department of Dermatology, Huashan Hospital Affiliated with Fudan University from August 2013 to February 2021. Results Retrospective dermoscopic evaluation revealed small grouped, translucent orange globular structures in all 39 cases. Variable diameter linear vessels were found in 38 cases. A central scar-like area was seen in 26 cases. Bright white streaks were seen in 30 cases. The follicular plugs were seen in 15 cases. Study limitations First, the number of cutaneous sarcoidosis cases the authors collected is small. Second, due to the lack of a control group, the sensitivity and specificity of the proposed criteria were not calculated. Finally, since our study mainly includes suspicious lesions that were biopsied for diagnostic purposes, there may be a selection bias. Conclusion Lesions showing on dermoscopy grouped translucent orange ovoid structures associated with linear vessels should raise the suspicion of CS. Central scar-like areas and bright white streaks are also helpful in the diagnosis of CS.

11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 328-332, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928317

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of long reconstruction plate combined with minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis(MIPPO) technique in the treatment of unstable pelvic anterior ring fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2013 to February 2019, 16 patients with unstable pelvic fracture were treated, including 12 males and 4 females, aged from 20 to 60 years(mean 46.5 years). According to Tile classification, there were 4 cases of type B1, 6 cases of type B2, 4 cases of type C1 and 2 cases of type C2. The fracture of all patients was closed, and the time from injury to operation was 7 to 10 days with an average of 6.2 days. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture reduction quality, fracture healing time, complications and limb function during the final follow-up were evaluated in 16 patients.@*RESULTS@#All 16 patients were followed up for 12 to 23 months (mean 19.1 months). The operation time was 60 to 180 min (mean 107.8 min). The intraoperative blood loss was 120 to 600 ml (mean 368.1 ml). The fracture healing time was 12 to 20 weeks (mean 16.3 weeks). According to Matta criteria, the fracture reduction was excellent in 6 cases, good in 8 cases and fair in 2 cases. One patient suffered from lateral femoral cutaneous nerve injury during the operation, and the lateral thigh sensation decreased after operation, which recovered after 6 months. One patient had pain stimulated by internal fixation at the iliac fossa. The symptoms were improved after the internal fixation was removed. The fractures of 16 patients were healed satisfactorily and there was no internal fixation loosening. Majeed score at the final follow-up was 67 to 95, excellent in 10 cases, good in 4 cases and fair in 2 cases.@*CONCLUSION@#Closed reduction and fixation of pelvic anterior ring fracture with long reconstruction plate combined with MIPPO technique through anterior approach has the advantages of less injury, less bleeding time during operation, saving operation time, high intraoperative safety, high fracture healing rate, early functional exercise after operation, and effective treatment of pelvic anterior ring fracture.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Blood Loss, Surgical , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Pelvic Bones/surgery
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 309-316, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928314

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the clinical efficacy of minimally invasive technology with trajectory screw fixation for fragility fractures of pelvic(FFP).@*METHODS@#A retrospective case control study was performed to analyze the clinical data of 35 patients with FFP who were treated and followed up between January 2016 and December 2019. There were 12 males and 23 females, aged from 65 to 99 years with an average of(75.4±7.8) years old. There were 13 cases of type Ⅱb, 7 cases of type Ⅱc, 8 cases of type Ⅲa, 2 cases of type Ⅲb, 2 cases of type Ⅲc, 1 case of type Ⅳb, and 2 cases of type Ⅳc according to Rommens FFP comprehensive classification. All patients received the treatment of minimally invasive technology with trajectory screws fixation. According to the different methods of anterior pelvic ring fixation, FFP patients were divided into two groups:12 cases were fixed with the pedicle screw rod system in the anterior pelvic subcutaneous internal fixator (INFIX) group;23 cases were fixed with hollow screws of the pubic symphysis, superior ramus of pubis or acetabular anterior column in the screw group. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopy times, length of hospital stay, cost of internal fixation, pre- and post-operative visual analogue scale(VAS) were compared between the two groups. The fracture reduction quality was evaluated according to the Matta criteria, and the clinical function was evaluated by the Majeed functional scoring system respectively.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 39(16.5±5.4) months after surgery. There was no statistically significant difference in the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopy time, and length of hospital stay between the two groups(P>0.05). As for the cost of internal fixation, the cost of internal fixation in the screw group [2 914 (2 914, 4 371) yuan] was significantly lower than that of the INFIX group [6 205 (6 205, 6 205) yuan] (P<0.05). No significant difference was observed in the incidence of postoperative complications between the two groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS assessment at admission, 1 week, and 3 months after surgery between the two groups(P>0.05). However, the VAS assessment at 1 week and 3 months after surgery of the two groups were significantly better than those at admission(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the quality of fracture reduction after the operation and the efficacy evaluation at the last follow-up between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For the treatment of fragility fractures, minimally invasive technology with trajectory screw fixation can achieve good clinical efficacy. It has the advantages of being relatively minimally invasive, less bleeding, relieving the pain. It deserves clinical application.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Blood Loss, Surgical , Case-Control Studies , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Pelvic Bones/surgery , Retrospective Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 554-558, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958439

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of slow intravenous infusion of low-dose mannitol on the hemodynamics of patients after cardiopulmonary bypass.Methods:Prospective, continuous inclusion of 62 patients after cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass. By random number method, they were divided into normal treatment group(group C) with 29 cases and mannitol treatment group(group M) with 33 cases. Group C was treated according to the postoperative routine treatment measures. On the basis of conventional treatment, group M received intravenous infusion of 20% mannitol injection 0.25 g/kg at 1、8、24 hours after operation, and the intravenous infusion time was 60 minutes each time. According to the hemodynamic changes during the two groups of treatment, the effect of slow intravenous infusion of low-dose mannitol on patients after cardiopulmonary bypass under cardiopulmonary bypass was analyzed.Results:In group M, CI and SVI were significantly increased after use of mannitol than before, with statistical significance( P<0.01). SVRI showed a downward trend, and the changes were statistically significant after use of mannitol( P<0.01). PAWP increased first and then decreased after operation, and the changes were statistically significant after mannitol use than before( P<0.05). RAP and MPAP had no significant changes after the first use of mannitol, but the changes after the latter two use mannitol were statistically significant than before( P<0.05). Repeated-measurement data analysis of variance was performed on the hemodynamic parameters of each group, and the results were all P<0.01. Conclusion:Postoperative slow intravenous infusion of low-dose mannitol optimizes hemodynamic status, increases stroke volume, reduces cardiac preload, improves systemic and pulmonary circulation resistance, and promotes recovery of postoperative cardiopulmonary function.

14.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 95-98, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004055

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the performance verification of NAT and its procedures for HBV DNA, HCV RNA and HIV RNA-1 using PCR-fluorescence via Cobas s201 automatic NAT system and supporting MPX V2.0 reagents that applied in the laboratories of blood stations, in order to satisfy ISO 15189 accreditation requirements and ensure the accuracy of NAT results. 【Methods】 Samples used in external quality assessment(EQA) of year 2020 were taken to verify the concordance, Performance evaluation panel and sensitivity verification panel of Roche second-generation NAT system were used to verify the sensitivity/ specificity and the lower limit of detection, respectively.And HBV DNA, HCV RNA and HIV RNA-1 quality control products were used to verify the anti-interference ability. 【Results】 The concordance rate of 40 EQA, samples was 100%. The sensitivity and specificity of Cobas s201 automatic NAT system and supporting MPX V2.0 reagents in detecting HBV DNA, HCV RNA and HIV RNA-1 were all 100%. The lower detection limit for HBV DNA, HCV RNA and HIV RNA-1 all met the requirements of reagent instructions. The yielding of HBV DNA, HCV RNA and HIV RNA-1 were affected little with hemolysis at 500 mg/dL but interfered seriously as lipemia reached 3 300 mg/dL. 【Conclusion】 The concordance rate, sensitivity, specificity and lower detection limit of the Cobas s201 fully-automatic NAT system and MPX V2.0 reagents by PCR-fluorescence method all met the requirements of reagent instructions. The verification of anti-interference ability demonstrated the requirements of ISO 15189 and the needs of blood station laboratories could be satisfied, and the detection methods and procedures can ensure the accuracy of NAT results.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1695-1700, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887651

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Glucose control is an important aspect in managing critically ill patients. The goal of this study was to compare the effects of sequential feeding (SF) and continuous feeding (CF) on the blood glucose of critically ill patients.@*METHODS@#A non-inferiority randomized controlled trial was adopted in this study. A total of 62 patients who were fed enteral nutritional suspension through gastric tubes were enrolled. After achieving 80% of the nutrition target calories (25 kcal·kg-1·day-1) through CF, the patients were then randomly assigned into SF and CF groups. In the SF group, the feeding/fasting time was reasonably determined according to the circadian rhythm of the human body as laid out in traditional Chinese medicine theory. The total daily dosage of the enteral nutritional suspension was equally distributed among three time periods of 7 to 9 o'clock, 11 to 13 o'clock, and 17 to 19 o'clock. The enteral nutritional suspension in each time period was pumped at a uniform rate within 2 h by an enteral feeding pump. In the CF group, patients received CF at a constant velocity by an enteral feeding pump throughout the study. Blood glucose values at five points (6:00/11:00/15:00/21:00/1:00) were monitored and recorded for seven consecutive days after randomization. Enteral feeding intolerance was also recorded. Non-inferiority testing was adopted in this study, the chi-square test or Fisher test was used for qualitative data, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for quantitative data to determine differences between groups. In particular, a repeated measure one-way analysis of variance was used to identify whether changes in glucose value variables across the time points were different between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant demographic or physiological differences between the SF and CF groups (P > 0.050). The average glucose level in SF was not higher than that in CF (8.8 [7.3-10.3] vs. 10.7 [9.1-12.1] mmol/L, Z = -2.079, P for non-inferiority = 0.019). Hyperglycemia incidence of each patient was more common in the CF group than that in the SF group (38.4 [19.1-63.7]% vs. 11.8 [3.0-36.7]%, Z = -2.213, P = 0.027). Hypoglycemia was not found in either group. Moreover, there was no significant difference during the 7 days in the incidence of feeding intolerance (P > 0.050).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this non-inferiority study, the average blood glucose in SF was not inferior to that in CF. The feeding intolerance in SF was similar to that in CF. SF may be as safe as CF for critically ill patients.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03439618; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT03439618.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Blood Glucose , Critical Illness , Energy Intake , Enteral Nutrition , Hyperglycemia
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 98-103, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the prognostic value of GELTAMO-IPI for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 238 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients treated in Shanxi Cancer Hospital from September 2011 to March 2016 were collected retrospectively, the risk stratification and prognostic evaluation of the patients were analyzed according to GELTAMO-IPI. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of the patients were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method, COX regression analysis was used to compare the risk of death and progress in each risk group. Harrell's C statistics was used to compare the prognostic stratification ability of each model.@*RESULTS@#The 3-year OS rate statistics showed that both IPI and GELTAMO-IPI could distinguish low risk group and Low-intermediate risk group, but the prognosis stratification ability of IPI was better (IPI: HR=5.085, P0.05). GELTAMO-IPI could distinguish High-intermediate risk group from high risk group (GELTAMO-IPI: HR=2.966, P50%). The results of Harrell's C statistics showed the C-index of IPI and GELTAMO-IPI was 0.687 and 0.721 (P<0.001); the C-index of the predicted PFS was 0.672 and 0.700 (P<0.001). It was suggested that the prognostic stratification ability of GELTAM0-IPI be superior to that of IPI, R-IPI, NCCN-IPI.@*CONCLUSION@#GELTAMO-IPI can make a clear distinction between DLBCL patients with different prognosis, especially for high-risk patients, and the prognostic stratification ability of GELTAMO-IPI is significantly better than that of IPI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 496-502, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941307

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between daily tea intake and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Methods: PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, CNKI, and Wanfang Database were searched to collect research on tea intake and CVD mortality. The search period was from the establishment of the database to June 2020. Two researchers independently screened and extracted literature. The risk of bias was evaluated in the included studies, a dose-response meta-analysis was conducted, sensitivity analysis and publication bias analysis of the research results, and quality evaluation of the included literature and GRADE classification of the evidence body were performed. Results: A total of 21 cohort or case-control studies were included, including 1 304 978 subjects. Among them, 38 222 deaths from CVD were reported. The quality scores of the included studies were all ≥ 6 points. The dose-response meta-analysis showed that for every additional cup of tea intake per day, the mortality rate of CVD decreased by about 3% (95%CI 0.95-0.98, P<0.05), and there was a non-linear dose-response relationship (P<0.05). Compared with people who do not drink tea, people who drink 1 to 8 cups of tea a day have 8% lower CVD mortality (RR=0.92, 95%CI 0.89-0.95), 13% (RR=0.87, 95 %CI 0.84-0.91), 15% (RR=0.85, 95%CI 0.82-0.89), 15% (RR=0.85, 95%CI 0.81-0.89), 16% (RR=0.84, 95%CI 0.80-0.89), 16% (RR=0.84, 95%CI 0.81-0.88), 16% (RR=0.84, 95%CI 0.81-0.87), 16% (RR=0.84, 95%CI 0.80-0.88), respectively. The results of traditional meta-analysis showed that compared with people who do not drink tea, people who drink more than 1 cup of tea a day are associated with 14% lower CVD mortality rate (RR=0.86, 95%CI 0.81-0.91, I2=73.2%, P<0.05). The results of subgroup analysis showed that compared with the corresponding people who did not drink tea, men who drank more than 1 cup of tea a day reduced the CVD mortality rate by 24%, women by 14%, European and American populations by 12%, and Asian populations by 15%. The population who consumed green tea decreased CVD mortality by 15%, and the population of non-smokers decreased CVD mortality by 20% (all P<0.05). The population who consumed black tea decreased CVD mortality by 8%, and the smoking population who consumed black tea decreased CVD mortality by 3%, and the difference was not statistically significant (all P>0.05). The results of the bias analysis showed that Begg=0.42 and Egger=0.62, indicating that the distribution on both sides of the funnel chart is symmetrical, suggesting that there is no publication bias. The results of sensitivity analysis showed that the effect size of the outcome index did not change significantly after excluding any article, indicating that the results are robust and credible. The GRADE evaluation showed that the evidence grades of the outcome indicators were all low grade. Conclusions: Daily tea consumption is related to reduced CVD mortality. It is therefore recommended to drink an appropriate amount of tea daily.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Cardiovascular Diseases , Case-Control Studies , Cause of Death , Cohort Studies , Tea
18.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1093-1097, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942581

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features of cases with emergency thyroid surgery. Methods: Nineteen cases treated with emergency thyroid surgery from May 2014 to May 2019 were analysed retrospectively, including 9 males and 10 females, aged from 24-79 years old. Among them, 6 cases had nodular goitres and 13 cases had thyroid malignancies. One case underwent tracheal stenting before operation. Emergency thyroid surgery was due to severe dyspnea in all cases. Treatment outcomes and prognoses of patients were evaluated. Results: All the 19 patients underwent general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. One patient underwent extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO) and two patients underwent cardiopulmonary bypass. Six cases of nodular goitres underwent proximal thyroidectomy. Eight cases of malignant tumors underwent total thyroidectomy, six cases with invading the trachea underwent tracheal end-end anastomosis after partial tracheal resection, one case underwent tumor resection with sternal sternum approach, cervical and mediastinal lymph node dissection, total laryngectomy and tracheal low ostomy. Two cases with extensive involvement of malignant tumors were given a definite diagnosis and tracheostomy. Of three cases with malignant lymphoma, one underwent total thyroidectomy, and two were only given a definite diagnosis and tracheostomy. No complications such as hemorrhage, recurrent laryngeal nerve or parathyroid injury occurred after operation in all patients. With followed up for 6-50 months, except 2 cases died due to tumor progression, the rest were alive. Conclusions: Patients with obvious dyspnea caused by thyroid tumors have a high mortality rate and should be treated actively. Emergency surgery not only relieves respiratory obstruction and saves the lives of patients, but some patients can get a radical cure as well.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroidectomy , Trachea/surgery
19.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 453-459, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015458

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of excessive caffeine intake on fetal cartilage ossification in female rats during pregnancy and its mechanism. Methods From gestational day(GD) 9 to GD 20, the pregnant Wistar rats in caffeine exposure group were intragastrically administered 120 mg/kg day caffeine, and the control group was administered the same volume of distilled water. The pregnant mice were sacrificed at day 20, and the body length of the fetal mice was measured. The distal femur of fetal rats was isolated, the length of distal femur cartilage was measured, and primary chondrocytes were prepared. The cells were treated with caffeine (0.1, 1 and 10 μmol/L), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1, 100 (μg/L) and extracellular regulated protein kinases(ERK) inhibitor (10 μmol/L), respectively. Then the cells were harvested for apoptosis, gene and protein analysis. Results Compared with the control group, the body length and femur length of the fetuses in the caffeine exposed group decreased significantly (P< 0.05), and the serum corticosterone levels increased significantly (P<0.05). Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the expressions of IGF-1, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and sex determining region Y box protein 9 (SOX9) in mast chondrocyte area of caffeine exposed group were significantly lower than those of control group (P<0.05). In vitro, caffeine treatment reduced the expression of IGF-1, PCNA, SOX9 mRNA and p-ERK protein in primary chondrocytes in a concentration-dependent manner, while exogenous IGF-1 could reversed these changes induced by caffeine, and the effect of exogenous IGF-1 was reduced by ERK inhibitors (all P<0.05). Conclusion Prenatal caffeine exposure leads to shortening of the long bones of the fetus and prolongation of the hypertrophy by inhibiting the proliferation of chondrocytes. The IGF-l/MAPK/ERK signaling pathway in chondrocytes may be partially involved in the adverse effects of caffeine on chondrocyte proliferation.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 192-195, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014315

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of Bigelovii A on HepG2 cell apoptosis and its possible mechanism. Methods MTT assay was used to determine the inhibitory effect of Bigelovii A on HepG2 cells. Flow cytometry was performed to detect apoptosis. Western blot was applied to detect the expression of proteins of STAT pathway. Results BA (20 μmol L

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