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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 333-336, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016378

ABSTRACT

@#Aortic intramural hematoma and pulmonary embolism are two rapidly progressive and life-threatening diseases. A 65-year-old male patient with descending aortic intramural hematoma and pulmonary embolism underwent pulmonary embolectomy and descending aortic stent-graft placement, with good postoperative results.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 113-116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991917

ABSTRACT

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by abdominal pain associated with changes in defecation frequency and blood folate level. FODMAP stands for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols. High-FODMAP diet could elicit or exacerbate IBS-associated bowel symptoms, which is inadequately recognized among gastroenterologists in China. Here we report an IBS case, focusing on the association between high-FODMAP diet and bowel symptoms and the intervention of low-FODMAP diet.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1246-1251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009283

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with rare type heart disease.@*METHODS@#A pedigree identified at Shenzhen Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital Affiliated to Southern Medical University on July 9, 2021 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data were collected. Trio-whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out for the proband and his parents. Candidate variants were validated by Sanger sequencing of his family members and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#The proband, a 5-month-old male, was found to have Barth syndrome (dilated myocardiopathy and left ventricular non-compaction). Trio-WES revealed that he has harbored a hemizygous c.542G>A (p.G181A) variant of the TAZ gene, which was inherited from his mother. In addition, his mother, aunt and maternal grandmother were also found to harbor a c.557G>A (p.R186Q) variant of the TNNI3 gene. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the c.542G>A (p.G181A) variant of the TAZ gene was classified as likely pathogenic (PS2_Strong+PM2_Supporting+PP3), whilst the c.557G>A (p.R186Q) variant of the TNNI3 gene was classified as pathogenic (PP1_Strong+PS4_Strong+PP3+PP4+PM2_Supporting).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.542G>A (p.G181A) variant of the TAZ gene probably underlay the Barth syndrome in the proband, and the c.557G>A (p.R186Q) variant of the TNNI3 gene may be responsible for the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in his mother, aunt and maternal grandmother. Above finding has expanded the mutational spectrum of the TAZ gene and facilitated the diagnosis of this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Pregnancy , Barth Syndrome , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , East Asian People , Heart Diseases , Pedigree
4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1339-1344, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935009

ABSTRACT

AIM:To analyze the correlation between optical coherence tomography(OCT)parameters and central retinal vein occlusion of macular edema secondary(CRVO-ME), and compare the clinical efficacy of ranibizumab combined with laser photocoagulation and ranibizumab alone in the treatment of CRVO-ME.METHODS:There were 43 case with 43 eyes of patients in CRVO-ME diagnosed in our hospital from January 2020 to December 2020 included in the present study and divided into two groups, namely A and B. Patients in group A were treated with ranibizumab combined with laser photocoagulation, while patients in group B were treated with ranibizumab alone. The structure of outer retina and “SAVE” scores were observed and estimated using OCT and fluorescein angiography(FFA)examination before and after the treatment at 1, 3, 6, 12mo, and then analyzed their correlation with best corrected visual acuity(BCVA, LogMAR). The BCVA, central macular thickness(CMT), intraocular pressure and average number of drug injections were also compared between the two groups before and after treatment.RESULTS:At 12mo after treatment, the BCVA in the OCT baseline external limiting membrane(ELM)intact group and baseline ellipsoid zone(EZ)intact group before and after treatment were significantly improved than those of the fracture group(0.47±0.16 vs 0.21±0.15, P=0.013; 0.44±0.20 vs 0.25±0.17, P=0.008). There was no statistically significant difference in BCVA changes between baseline RPE fracture group and RPE intact group(P>0.05). The number of patients with “S” and “A” at 1 score decreased significantly at 12mo after treatment in both groups, the BCVA of patients with “V” and “E” at 0 score before treatment was significantly improved than those patients at 1 score(all P<0.05). The BCVA and CMT of patients after treatment in groups A and B were both significant improved compared with before treatment(P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the BCVA and CMT in the number of drug injections between the two groups(P>0.05). In addition, there were no severe complications such as secondary glaucoma and endophthalmitis in both groups.CONCLUSION: Baseline status of ELM and EZ, presence or absence of vitreoretinal abnormalities(V), and focal leakage(E)could suggest the treatment efficacy of CRVO-ME. Ranibizumab in the treatment of CRVO-ME demonstrates prominent efficacy and great safety, and there was no better effect was observed when combined with laser photocoagulation.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 484-491, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927993

ABSTRACT

Amyloid β-protein(Aβ) deposition in the brain is directly responsible for neuronal mitochondrial damage of Alzheimer's disease(AD) patients. Mitophagy, which removes damaged mitochondria, is a vital mode of neuron protection. Ginsenoside Rg_1(Rg_1), with neuroprotective effect, has displayed promising potential for AD treatment. However, the mechanism underlying the neuroprotective effect of Rg_1 has not been fully elucidated. The present study investigated the effects of ginsenoside Rg_(1 )on the autophagy of PC12 cells injured by Aβ_(25-35) to gain insight into the neuroprotective mechanism of Rg_1. The autophagy inducer rapamycin and the autophagy inhi-bitor chloroquine were used to verify the correlation between the neuroprotective effect of Rg_1 and autophagy. The results showed that Rg_1 enhanced the viability and increased the mitochondrial membrane potential of Aβ-injured PC12 cells, while these changes were blocked by chloroquine. Furthermore, Rg_(1 )treatment increased the LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ protein ratio, promoted the depletion of p62 protein, up-regulated the protein levels of PINK1 and parkin, and reduced the amount of autophagy adaptor OPTN, which indicated the enhancement of autophagy. After the silencing of PINK1, a key regulatory site of mitophagy, Rg_1 could not increase the expression of PINK1 and parkin or the amount of NDP52, whereas it can still increase the LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ protein ratio and promote the depletion of OPTN protein which indicated the enhancement of autophagy. Collectively, the results of this study imply that Rg_1 can promote autophagy of PC12 cells injured by Aβ, and may reduce Aβ-induced mitochondrial damage by promoting PINK1-dependent mitophagy, which may be one of the key mechanisms of its neuroprotective effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Amyloid beta-Peptides/toxicity , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Mitophagy/physiology , PC12 Cells , Protein Kinases/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism
6.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 973-984, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951972

ABSTRACT

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the leading inherited cause of intellectual disability, resulting from the lack of functional fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), an mRNA binding protein mainly serving as a translational regulator. Loss of FMRP leads to dysregulation of target mRNAs. The Drosophila model of FXS show an abnormal circadian rhythm with disruption of the output pathway downstream of the clock network. Yet the FMRP targets involved in circadian regulation have not been identified. Here, we identified collapsing response mediator protein (CRMP) mRNA as a target of FMRP. Knockdown of pan-neuronal CRMP expression ameliorated the circadian defects and abnormal axonal structures of clock neurons (ventral lateral neurons) in dfmr1 mutant flies. Furthermore, specific reduction of CRMP in the downstream output insulin-producing cells attenuated the aberrant circadian behaviors. Molecular analyses revealed that FMRP binds with CRMP mRNA and negatively regulates its translation. Our results indicate that CRMP is an FMRP target and establish an essential role for CRMP in the circadian output in FXS Drosophila.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2062-2069, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825734

ABSTRACT

In recent years the role of sphingosine kinase 2 (SphK2), a key enzyme in the sphingolipid pathway, in the process of tumorigenesis has gradually been elucidated. Recent research has shown that SphK2 inhibitors can be used as anticancer drugs alone or in combination with existing drugs to increase the therapeutic sensitivity of drug-resistant tumors. Among them, one selective SphK2 inhibitor, ABC294640, shows excellent oral bioavailability and biodistribution in vivo and has now entered Phase II clinical research. Therefore, developing innovative drugs based on SphK2 is of great interest. Herein, we discuss progress in understanding the role of SphK2 in tumorigenesis and review the recent development of inhibitors of SphK2.

8.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 830-843, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741449

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging for detecting renal changes after iodinated contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) development in a diabetic rabbit model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-two rabbits were randomized into 2 groups: diabetic rabbits with the contrast agent (DCA) and healthy rabbits with the contrast agent (NCA). In each group, 6 rabbits underwent IVIM and BOLD imaging at 1 hour, 1 day, 2 days, 3 days, and 4 days after an iohexol injection while 5 rabbits were selected to undergo blood and histological examinations at these specific time points. Iohexol was administrated at a dose of 2.5 g I/kg of body weight. Further, the apparent transverse relaxation rate (R2*), average pure molecular diffusion coefficient (D), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D*), and perfusion fraction (f) were calculated. RESULTS: The D and f values of the renal cortex (CO) and outer medulla (OM) were significantly decreased compared to baseline values in the 2 groups 1 day after the iohexol injection (p < 0.05). A marked reduction in the D* values for both the CO and OM was also observed after 1 hour in each group (p < 0.05). In the OM, a persistent elevation of the R2* was detected for 4 days in the DCA group (p < 0.05). Histopathological changes were prominent, and the pathological features of CI-AKI aggravated in the DCA group until day 4. The D, f, and R2* values significantly correlated with the histological damage scores, hypoxia-inducible transcription factor-1α expression scores, and serum creatinine levels. CONCLUSION: A combination of IVIM and BOLD imaging may serve as a noninvasive method for detecting and monitoring CI-AKI in the early stages in the diabetic kidney.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Acute Kidney Injury , Body Weight , Creatinine , Diffusion , Iohexol , Kidney , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Oxygen , Perfusion , Relaxation , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 895-902, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the outcome of telerehabilitation in pain control and function recovery after total knee arthroplasty. Methods:CNKI, Wanfang Data (WF), CBM, VIP, PubMed, Web of Science, Medline, Springer Link, and Cochrane Library were searched on the effects of telerehabilitation on the patients after total knee arthroplasty, and the literatures of random control trials (RCT) study in English and Chinese in the above databases from 2000 to 2018 were collected. Literature screening, quality evaluation, data extraction and data analysis were carried out by 2 researchers. The indexes of outcome in the RCT studies included Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), extension and flexion range, the Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS). Results:A total of 6 RCT studies were included, with a total of 601 cases, 301 in the intervention group and 300 in the control group. There was difference in extension range (MD = 0.30, 95%CI: 0.20 to 0.40, P < 0.001), TUGT scores (MD = -5.17, 95%CI: -9.79 to -0.55, P = 0.03), VAS scores (MD = -0.43, 95%CI: -0.85 to -0.01, P = 0.04) and KOOS scores (MD = -1.10, 95%CI: -1.63 to 0.57, P < 0.0001) between two groups. There was no significant difference in WOMAC scores (MD = -0.32, 95%CI: -2.30 to 1.65, P = 0.75), flexion range (MD = 0.68, 95%CI: -2.28 to 3.63, P = 0.65), and muscle strength (MD = 13.77, 95%CI: -3.89 to 31.43, P = 0.13) (P > 0.05) between two groups. Conclusion:Telerehabilitation is effective to improve extension range, ambulation, pain and quality of life, while it is uncertainly effective in flexion range, knee function and muscle strength.

10.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 643-647, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810784

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the risk factors of positive vertical resection margin of the postoperative specimens after endoscopic treatment of rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NET).@*Methods@#A case-control study was performed. Clinical data of patients with rectal NET (G1) undergoing endoscopic treatment between January 2015 and June 2018 at the Department of Gastroenterology, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital were retrospectively collected. Inclusion criteria: cases underwent endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), whose mucosal specimens were pathologically confirmed as NET, and NET was confined to the rectum by nuclide imaging examination before endoscopic treatment. Those with incomplete clinical data or follow-up data were excluded. Resected specimen was fixed and sliced every 2 mm, and when tumor cells were found to infiltrate the vertical cutting edge, the positive vertical margin was defined. Associations of gender, age, resection method, tumor diameter, lesion morphology (nodular lesions, biopsy or post-treatment scar-like changes), mitotic figure, Ki-67 index, etc. and positive vertical margin were analyzed. Univariate analysis was performed using binary logistic analysis and multivariate analysis was performed using logistic regression model.@*Results@#A total of 133 patients with rectal NET were enrolled, including 93 males and 40 females, with an average age of (50.0±10.7) years. Sixty-four patients received EMR treatment and 3 patients (4.7%) had positive vertical margins. While 69 patients received ESD treatment and 13 (18.8%) had positive vertical margins. After endoscopic treatment, 16 cases (12.0%) were vertical positive margin, including 11 males and 5 females with an average age of (52.4±10.4) years. The lesion diameter was (9.0±4.7) mm. Univariate analysis showed that lesion diameter ≥10 mm (χ2=5.575, P=0.018) and scar-like changes (χ2=3.894, P=0.048) were significantly associated with positive vertical margin. Multivariate analysis showed that the lesion diameter ≥10 mm (OR=10.136, 95%CI: 2.114 to 48.591, P=0.004) was an independent risk factor for positive vertical margin of the specimen after endoscopic treatment of rectal NET.@*Conclusion@#The diameter of rectal NET ≥10 mm indicates a high risk for positive vertical margin after endoscopic treatment.

11.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 698-701, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807279

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of Baduanjin combined with health education in patients of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF).@*Methods@#According to the method of random numbers, 100 HFPEF patients were divided into the observation group and the control group, 50in each group. The control group was given routine therapy and health education, while the observation group was given Baduanjin on the basis of the therapy of control group. With 3 months follow-up, heart function, symptom distress and quality of life in HFPEF patients were observed and compared.@*Results@#After intervention, the observation group's 6-minute walking test results were significantly higher than the control group (505.10 ± 52.08 m vs. 442.50 ± 41.35 m; t=-2.977, P=0.008). The improvement of dyspnea, edema, fatigue, palpitations, loss of appetite, chest strength and body weight in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (t were 2.885, 5.422, 9.333, 5.444, 5.199, 5.020, 5.657, 5.081, all Ps<0.05), and the improvement of the observation group in the physical, emotional and other areas of life quality was significantly better than that in the control group (t were 2.764, 3.818, 3.623, all Ps<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Baduanjin combined with health education can improve heart function, symptom distress and quality of life of patients of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.

12.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 324-328, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693732

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) method for the simultaneous determination of eight components in Gynostemma pentaphyllum(Thunb.) Makino (ginsenosides Rb1, Rb3, Rd, Re, F2, and gypenosides A, XLIX and XVII). Methods HPLC was performed on Agilent Eclipse XDB-C18(4.6 mm × 250 mm, 5 μm) chromatographic column with 0.3% formic acid solution (A)- acetonitrile (B) as the mobile phase by gradient elution, flow rate was 1.5 mL·min-1, detection wavelength was 203 nm, and column temperature was set at 50 ℃. Results There was a good linear relationship between peak area and concentration of eight components (r ≥ 0.999) , the recovery was in the range of 97% to 100%. Conclusion The established method is simple, rapid, accurate, reliable, and reproducible, and can be used for the quality control of Gynostemma pentaphyllum(Thunb.) Makino.

13.
Gut and Liver ; : 216-225, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194967

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC) have elevated levels of activated myeloid-derived leukocytes as a source of inflammatory cytokines. The selective depletion of these leukocytes by adsorptive granulocyte/monocyte apheresis (GMA) with an Adacolumn should alleviate inflammation, promote remission and enhance drug efficacy. However, studies have reported contrasting efficacy outcomes based on patients’ baseline demographic variables. This study was undertaken to understand the demographic features of GMA responders and nonresponders. METHODS: This was a multicenter study in China involving four institutions and 34 patients with active UC. Baseline conventional medications were continued without changing the dosage. The treatment efficacy was evaluated based on the endoscopic activity index and the Mayo score. RESULTS: Thirty of the 34 patients completed all 10 GMA treatment sessions. The overall efficacy rate was 70.59%. The receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the area under the curve was approximately 0.766 for a Mayo score of ≤5.5 with 0.273 specificity and 0.857 sensitivity (Youden index, 0.584) for GMA responders. No GMA-related serious adverse events were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The overall efficacy of GMA in patients with active UC who were taking first-line medications or were corticosteroid refractory was encouraging. Additionally, GMA was well tolerated and had a good safety profile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Component Removal , China , Colitis, Ulcerative , Cytokines , Granulocytes , Inflammation , Leukocytes , Monocytes , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Treatment Outcome , Ulcer
14.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 757-761, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620260

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of tripterygium glycosides on the resistance to immune rejection after allogeneic islet transplantation in mice.Methods Twenty C57BL/6 mice were treated with STZ diabetes mellitus and transplanted the islets from Balb/c mice donor,then recipient mice were randomly divided into two groups:triptolide group and model control group(n=10),and were intraperitoneal injected with tripterygium glycoside solutin and equivalent solvent of 5 mg·kg-1·d-1 for 14 days.Blood glucose and body weight were measured within 4 weeks after transplantation.Two weeks later,two groups of grafted islets were stained by HE staining and immunohistochemical staining,the expression of IL-2 protein were detected by Western blotting.Results The level of blood glucose were decreased to normal in the triptolide group and model control group after islet transplantation,but blood glucose gradually increased in the model control group after two weeks.Compared with the model control group,the inflammatory cells were less infiltrated and the immunohistochemical staining of insulin was deeper in the triptolide group.The expression of IL-2 in the triptolide group was significantly decreased(P<0.05).Conclusion Tripterygium glucoside could significantly decrease the inflammatory cell infiltration and inflammation factor expression in the allogeneic islet recipients to reduce the immune rejection and improve graft survival.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 735-745, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619935

ABSTRACT

Objective To find out the display rules of the key part of the proximal femur and fracture line and obtain the best viewing position and angle by placing the femoral neck at different positions and different angles through X-ray.Methods Six dry specimens of cadaveric femur were from Department of Anatomy,Tianjin Medical University.Three models of complete femoral neck model,tin line fracture model and steel saw fracture model were made respectively.The tin line fracture model was based on the Pauwells angle,using the tin wire(1mm) wrapped around the femoral necks to make three kinds of fracture models (Pauwells angle 30°,50° and 70°);steel saw fracture model was made by hacksaw,then reposition in situ,to make three kinds of fracture models same as the tin line fracture model.The projection manner included different positions and different angles,different projection positions include:parallel with the femoral shaft,perpendicular to the femoral shaft,parallel to the femoral neck and perpendicular to the femoral neck;different projection angles included:from 40°,30°,20°,15°,10° and 5° in the head side to 5°,10°,15 °,20 °,30 °and 40° in the foot side and vertical angle 0°.For the complete femoral neck model,we observed the imaging characteristics of the key parts of the femoral head and neck (tension trabecular bone and pressure trabecular bone;lesser trochanter;intertrochanteric line;length of neck of femur and femoral head shape),looking for the display rules,and obtained the best viewing position.For tin line fracture model and steel saw fracture model,we tried to find the best display angle and position by the different projection position and angle.Results The results of complete femoral neck model:Lesser trochanter:in perpendicular to the femoral shaft position showed the best,gradually increased with the foot side deflection;tension trabecular bone and pressure trabecular bone:in parallel with the femoral shaft position 10°on the head side;intertrochanteric line:no difference between parallel with the femoral shaft with perpendicular to the femoral shaft;Femoral neck shape:deflect to both sides,head of femur was out of shape.The results of tin line fracture model:the Pauwells angle 30° model showed the best position in parallel with the femoral shaft position 20° on the head side;the Pauwells angle 50° model showed the best position in parallel with the femoral shaft position 5° on the head side;the Pauwells angle 70° model showed the best position in parallel with the femoral shaft position 10° on the head side.The results of steel saw fracture model were the same with the tin line fracture model.Conclusion There was the best viewing angles and positions for the key anatomy of the proximal femur and different Pauwells angle classification of femoral neck fracture.The image doctor could make more accurate projection,according to the different types of femoral neck fracture.

16.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3772-3774, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484557

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma and hyaluronic acid intra-articular injection in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Method The following databases, including PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and WANFANG, were used for collecting the randomized controlled trials, prospective control trials and experimental research about the therapy efficacies of platelet-rich plasma and hyaluronic acid on knee osteoarthritis. The meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 for Windows. Results Eleven publications, including six RCTs, one PCT and four ER, met the inclusion criteria. There were significant differences in WOMAC scores and IKDC scores between the PRP group and the HA group. but no significant differences were observed in Lequesne index between the PRP group and the HA groups at six month post treatment. Conclusion PRP intra-articular injection was better and more durable than HA in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3167-3172, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275542

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The effect of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) on pregnancy outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) patients is still ambiguous. This study aimed to analyze pregnancy outcomes of IVF with or without OHSS in Chinese patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective cohort study was undertaken to compare pregnancy outcomes between 190 women with OHSS and 197 women without OHSS. We examined the rates of clinical pregnancy, multiple pregnancies, miscarriage, live birth, preterm delivery, preterm birth before 34 weeks' gestation, cesarean delivery, low birth weight (LBW), and small-for-gestational age (SGA) between the two groups. Odds ratios (OR s) and 95% confidence intervals (CI s) of measure of clinical pregnancy were also analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The clinical pregnancy rate of OHSS patients was significantly higher than that of non-OHSS patients (91.8% vs. 43.5%, P < 0.001). After controlling for drug protocol and causes of infertility, the adjusted OR s of moderate OHSS and severe/critical OHSS for clinical pregnancy were 4.65 (95% CI, 1.86-11.61) and 5.83 (95% CI, 3.45-9.86), respectively. There were no significant differences in rates of multiple pregnancy (4.0% vs. 3.7%) and miscarriage (16.1% vs. 17.5%) between the two groups. With regard to ongoing clinical pregnancy, we also found no significant differences in the rates of live birth (82.1% vs. 78.8%), preterm delivery (20.9% vs. 17.5%), preterm birth before 34 weeks' gestation (8.6% vs. 7.9%), cesarean delivery (84.9% vs. 66.3%), LBW (30.2% vs. 23.5%), and SGA (21.9% vs. 17.6%) between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>OHSS, which occurs in the luteal phase or early pregnancy in IVF patients and represents abnormal transient hemodynamics, does not exert any obviously adverse effect on the subsequent pregnancy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Fertilization in Vitro , Live Birth , Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate , Premature Birth , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 147-151, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291662

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To explore the association between elevated light levels in classrooms and change in vision acuity among elementary and secondary students.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 4 elementary (grade 1-5) and secondary (grade 7-8) schools in urban and rural areas in Sujiatun, Shenyang, China were selected by cluster sampling as experimental schools, and lighting systems have been rebuilt to improve the ambient light levels in 56 classrooms in November 2012. The control schools were chosen for the comparable academic burden and adjacent location to experimental schools, 4 schools in all. Cluster sampling of all students in the selected schools as the subjects was carried out. A total of 2 092 students were chosen as experimental group and 1 595 students were in the control group. The luxmeter was used to measure illuminance of classrooms in two groups at baseline, and intervention for 1 month, respectively.Students in both groups were underwent 3 times for vision acuity examination by standard logarithmic visual acuity chart at baseline, intervention for 6 month and intervention for 1 year, respectively. The light levels of desk and blackboard in two groups were compared by Wilcoxon test. Multivariate analysis of covariance with repeated measures was performed to assess three vision acuity results between groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After intervention, the average illuminance of desk (117.5 vs 532.5 lx, Z = -5.38, P < 0.001) and blackboard (75.6 vs 423.5 lx, Z = -5.38, P < 0.001) and uniformity of desk (Z = -4.28, P < 0.001) with new lighting were improved significantly than that with old lighting, however the uniformity of blackboard was lower than baseline significantly (0.64 vs 0.70, Z = -2.34, P = 0.019). The average scores of vision acuity in students at baseline, intervention for 6 month and intervention for 1 year were 4.87 ± 0.23, 4.84 ± 0.25 and 4.85 ± 0.23 in experimental group, and 4.88 ± 0.22, 4.84 ± 0.25 and 4.81 ± 0.27 in control group, respectively. The significant differences between groups were found and F values were 1.41, 0.13, 19.99, P values were 0.235,0.724, <0.001. At last the average vision acuity in experimental group were significantly better than that in control group either among elementary (4.90 ± 0.20) vs (4.87 ± 0.21) score, F = 13.61, P < 0.001 or secondary students (4.73 ± 0.28) vs (4.68 ± 0.32) score, F = 14.25, P < 0.001.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Visual acuity loss could be decreased in students with elevated light levels which may slow the response to myopiagenic stimuli for eyes, therefore the ambient light levels of blackboard and desk in classroom should be improved.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , China , Lighting , Schools , Students , Visual Acuity
19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 962-969, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670009

ABSTRACT

Objective To propose an optimal therapeutic scheme, finite element analysis was used to evaluate the biome?chanical status of femoral head under daily activities. Methods Non?necrotic femoral head volunteers (11 people) and necrotic femoral head patients (7 cases) were included in this study. All these participants were divided into two groups:control group and abnormal group. The DICOM imaging files of each participant were imported into ScanIP software to form a mask showing the prox?imal femurs. Then the finite element models of proximal femurs were progressively reconstructed. The generated models were im?ported into Abaqus, and the forces were added on these models to simulate daily activities, including standing, sitting, upstairs, and squatting etc. The loads and boundary conditions of digital daily activities simulation were collected from Orthoload database. All of the femoral finite element models were progressed in Abaqus under above activity conditions. After the models were pro?cessed, stress concentrating region was defined in each models respectively, which expressed the main bearing structure in each model based on the result of finite element analysis. At last, the elastic modulus (E?modulus) and strain of the stress concentrating region in each femoral model were extracted and calculated. Results There was no significant difference in age, weight, and height between these two groups. In control group, no significant differences of E?modulus (7 125±745 MPa on left, and 7 112±751 MPa on right) and strain (micro?strain:952 on left, and 954 on right)were found between their bilateral proximal femurs;however in abnormal group, the patients' E?modulus (5 798±1036 MPa on normal side, and 6 667±888 MPa on necrotic side) and strain (mi?cro?strain:1 261 on normal side, and 987 on necrotic side) of necrotic side were significantly lower than normal side. As to all the daily activities which were considered in this study, in abnormal group, the E?modulus among each postures of abnormal side were significantly lower than the E?modules of healthy side;the micro?strain in downstairs was also significantly lower than other pos?tures. Conclusion Daily activities with different intensity could generate different mechanical effects on femoral head, espe?cially on necrotic femoral head. The higher intensity of posture, the greater damage would be found in necrotic femoral head.

20.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 445-456, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757482

ABSTRACT

CD146 is a newly identified endothelial biomarker that has been implicated in angiogenesis. Though in vitro angiogenic function of CD146 has been extensively reported, in vivo evidence is still lacking. To address this issue, we generated endothelial-specific CD146 knockout (CD146(EC-KO)) mice using the Tg(Tek-cre) system. Surprisingly, these mice did not exhibit any apparent morphological defects in the development of normal retinal vasculature. To evaluate the role of CD146 in pathological angiogenesis, a xenograft tumor model was used. We found that both tumor volume and vascular density were significantly lower in CD146(EC-KO) mice when compared to WT littermates. Additionally, the ability for sprouting, migration and tube formation in response to VEGF treatment was impaired in endothelial cells (ECs) of CD146(EC-KO) mice. Mechanistic studies further confirmed that VEGF-induced VEGFR-2 phosphorylation and AKT/p38 MAPKs/NF-κB activation were inhibited in these CD146-null ECs, which might present the underlying cause for the observed inhibition of tumor angiogenesis in CD146(EC-KO) mice. These results suggest that CD146 plays a redundant role in physiological angiogenic processes, but becomes essential during pathological angiogenesis as observed in tumorigenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Mice , CD146 Antigen , Genetics , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Fibrosarcoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Melanoma, Experimental , Metabolism , Pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Retinal Vein , Pathology , Signal Transduction , Transplantation, Homologous , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 , Metabolism
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