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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936138

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize and analyze the clinical characteristics of children with basal ganglia germinoma and to improve the level of early clinical diagnosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of children diagnosed with basal ganglia germinoma admitted to the Pediatric Surgery Ward of Peking University First Hospital from January 2013 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the clinical characteristics of children with basal ganglia germinoma.@*RESULTS@#A total of 30 patients were included in the study, 28 were male, 2 were female, the mean age at onset was (9.7±2.2) years, the median disease duration was 7 months, 27 had unilateral disease, and 3 had bilateral disease. The clinical manifestations were decreased limb muscle strength, cognitive function disorders, polydipsia, precocious puberty, intracranial hypertension, dysphonia and swallowing dysfunction. The serum and cerebrospinal fluid tumor marker alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were normal in the 30 patients, and the serum and cerebrospinal fluid tumor marker β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) were normal in 8 patients.The serum β-HCG was normal in 11 patients but the cerebrospinal fluid β-HCG was slightly elevated, and the serum and cerebrospinal fluid β-HCG were slightly elevated in 11 patients. A total of 33 lesions with irregular shapes were found by imaging examination, including 15 (45.5%) patchy lesions, 10 (30.3%) patchy lesions, and 8 (24.2%) round-like high-density lesions. Tumors showed obvious high-density shadows on computed tomography (CT) scan. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the tumors showed low or isointensity on T1WI and isointensity on T2WI, accompanied by mild peritumoral edema, hemispheric atrophy, cerebral peduncle atrophy, calcification, cystic degeneration, ventricular dilatation and wallerian degeneration. On contrast-enhanced scans, the tumor showed no enhancement or heterogeneous enhancement.@*CONCLUSION@#The main age of onset of germ cell tumors in the basal ganglia in children is about 10 years old, and males are absolutely dominant. The clinical features and imaging manifestations have certain characteristics. With both combined, the early diagnosis of germ cell tumors in the basal ganglia can be improved.


Subject(s)
Atrophy/pathology , Basal Ganglia/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Brain Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Child , Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human , Female , Germinoma/pathology , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal , Retrospective Studies
2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 281-285, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933073

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the influence of sex on age-related changes in the glomerular filtration rate(GFR)in healthy individuals.Methods:A retrospective survey was performed.A total of 36 911 healthy subjects, of whom 43.61%(16 096 cases)were men, were enrolled and divided into six age groups: 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and ≥70 years old.The estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)was evaluated by the full age spectrum(FAS)equation.General linear regression analysis was used to calculate the annual decline rate of eGFR, and differences between the sexes in the same age group were evaluated using analysis of covariance.The chi-square test was used to compare the proportions of subjects with different eGFR levels between the sexes.Results:Regardless of sex, body mass index(BMI), systolic blood pressure(SBP)and fasting blood glucose(FBG)all increased gradually with age, while diastolic blood pressure(DBP)increased initially and then turned downward.The means of above results in men were generally higher than those in women of the same age.Before the age of 40, the levels of eGFR in men and women were relatively stable, with the mean eGFR in women higher than that in men[(121.98±16.77)ml·min -1·1.73 m -2vs.(111.01±13.36)ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, t=-53.793, P=0.000]; After the age of 40, eGFR decreased with age in both sexes, and the decline rate of eGFR in women was faster than that in men before the age of 70.Men had generally higher mean serum creatinine(Scr), blood urea nitrogen(BUN)and serum uric acid(UA)than women.With the increase of age, BUN levels increased gradually in men and women, but Scr levels started to increase after the age of 40 only in women and did not show a clear increase in men. Conclusions:There are sex-related differences with aging, as measured with many parameters.Young and middle-aged women have significantly higher eGFR than men of the same age, but eGFR declines faster with aging in women.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1250-1254, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910998

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate changes in the estimate glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)with aging and the risk factors.Methods:A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed based on people receiving physical examinations at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2017 to January 2018.Subjects were divided into seven subgroups according to age: 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, and ≥80 years old.eGFR was estimated by the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration(CKD-EPIScr)equation.Multivariate linear regression was used to analyze the correlation between eGFR and the influencing variables.The chi-square test was used to compare the incidences of eGFR<60 ml·min -1·1.73m -2in different age groups. Results:A total of 33 824 participants were included in this study.There was a negative linear eGFR-age correlation in the subjects.The mean annual rate of decline in eGFR was 0.83 ml·min -1·1.73m -2.Furthermore, the decline was steady and accelerated from the third and seventh decade onward( F=9.51, 5.37, both P=0.000). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that aging was the most prominent factor( β=-0.604, -0.534, both P=0.000), followed by serum uric acid(BUA)( β=-0.270, -0.280, both P=0.000), fasting blood-glucose(FBG)( β=-0.064, -0.046, both P=0.000), systolic blood pressure(SBP)( β=-0.015, -0.028, both P<0.05), and diastolic blood pressure(DBP)( β=-0.010, -0.026, both P<0.05). In non-elderly subjects, eGFR was found to have negative associations with body mass index(BMI)and albumin(ALB)( β=-0.028, -0.047, all P=0.000). However, in the elderly, eGFR was positively associated with ALB( β=0.022, P=0.031). eGFR showed no statistically significant correlation with BMI, TC and LDL-C.The prevalence of eGFR<60 ml·min -1·1.73m -2increased with age, at 1.55%(523/33 824)for all subjects, of whom 73.80%(386/523)were aged over 60.The incidence obviously increased from 0.22%(14/6 453)for aged 18-29 to 22.57%(214/948)for aged 80 and above( χ2=2433.71, P=0.000). Conclusions:eGFR decreases significantly with age.The incidence of eGFR<60 ml·min -1·1.73m -2in the elderly is high; eGFR is significantly correlated with BUA, FBG, SBP, DBP, and ALB in the elderly.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1191-1198, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878170

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The prevalence of skin diseases and diabetes mellitus (DM) are prominent around the world. The current scope of knowledge regarding the prevalence of skin diseases and comorbidities with type 2 DM (T2DM) is limited, leading to limited recognition of the correlations between skin diseases and T2DM.@*METHODS@#We collected 383 subjects from the Da Qing Diabetes Study during the period from July 9th to September 1st, 2016. The subjects were categorized into three groups: Normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and T2DM. The prevalence and clinical characteristics of skin diseases were recorded and investigated.@*RESULTS@#In this cross-sectional study, 383 individuals with ages ranging from 53 to 89-year-old were recruited. The overall prevalence of skin diseases was 93.5%, and 75.7% of individuals had two or more kinds of skin diseases. Additionally, there were 47 kinds of comorbid skin diseases in patients with T2DM, of which eight kinds of skin diseases had a prevalence >10%. The prevalence of skin diseases in NGT, IGT, and T2DM groups were 93.3%, 91.5%, and 96.6%, respectively; stratified analysis by categories showed a statistically significant difference in "disturbances of pigmentation" and "neurological and psychogenic dermatoses". The duration of T2DM also significantly associated with the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" and "neurological and psychogenic dermatoses". Subsequently, the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" was higher in males than females in NGT (P < 0.01) and T2DM (P < 0.01) groups. In addition, the difference in the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" was also significant in NGT and T2DM groups (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There was a high prevalence of skin diseases in the Da Qing Diabetes Study. To address the skin diseases in the Da Qing Diabetes Study, increased awareness and intervention measures should be implemented.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Glucose , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Female , Glucose Intolerance/epidemiology , Glucose Tolerance Test , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Skin Diseases/epidemiology
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 288-293, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780103

ABSTRACT

To investigate the potential hypoglycemic effect of nanosuspensions of honokiol and explore the underlying mechanisms, a high fat diet (HFD) was studied in C57BL/6J mice divided into five groups: normal diet (ND), HFD, HFD/honokiol-sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC-Na) (Hono-CMC, 100 mg·kg-1), HFD/honokiol- Nano (Hono-Nano, 80 mg·kg-1), HFD/metformin (HFD/Met, 200 mg·kg-1). Fasting blood glucose (FBG) and body weights (BW) of mice were measured every seven days. After 30-day treatment, an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed, and blood and tissue samples were collected for analysis. All animal experiments were approved by the Research Animal Care Committee of Affiliated Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The data showed Hono-Nano and metformin reduced FBG, BW, and markedly improved OGTT of mice compared to HFD group (P<0.05). Hono-CMC produced nonsignificant impact on FBG, BW of mice, while OGTT of mice was improved by Hono-CMC (P<0.05). Meanwhile, none of these treated groups showed significant effects on regulating serum insulin levels, but all of them exhibited decreased serum glucagon levels notably compared to the HFD group (P<0.05). Western blot analysis revealed that honokiol up-regulated levels of p-AMPK and p-FOXO1 in liver tissue of HFD mice (P<0.05), which resulted in activation of AMPK and inhibition of FOXO1. Moreover, the expression of PEPCK (a key enzyme of gluconeogenesis) was decreased by honokiol (P<0.05). Taken together, our findings demonstrate that nanosuspension of honokiol is more effective than CMC-Na-suspension of honokiol on blood glucose controlling in HFD mice. The hypoglycemic effects of honokiol might rely on suppressing hepatic gluconeogenesis via activating AMPK and inhibiting FOXO1.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2096-2104, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Dermoscopy is a useful technique for improving the diagnostic accuracy of various types of skin disorders. In China, dermoscopy has been widely accepted, and domestic researchers have made tremendous progress in the field of dermoscopy. The main purpose of this review is to summarize the current status of dermoscopy in China and identify its future directions.@*DATA SOURCES@#Articles included in this review were obtained by searching the following databases: Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, PubMed, and the Web of Science. We focused on research published before 2019 with keywords including dermoscopy, dermoscopic, dermoscope and trichoscopy.@*STUDY SELECTION@#A total of 50 studies were selected. Of these studies, 20 studies were in Chinese and 30 in English, research samples of all the studies were collected from Chinese populations.@*RESULTS@#Since 2000, more than 380 articles about dermoscopy have been published in domestic or foreign journals. Dermoscopy can improve the diagnostic accuracy of neoplastic diseases, evaluating the therapeutic effect of treatment, and determining the treatment endpoint, and it can also assist in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory diseases and in the assessment of the severity of the disease. In addition, researches about the applications of dermoscopy during surgical treatment have been published. Training courses aiming to improve the diagnostic ability of dermatologists, either face-to-face or online, have been offered. The Chinese Skin Image Database, launched in 2017 as a work platform for dermatologists, has promoted the development of dermoscopy in China. Computer-aided diagnostic systems based on the Chinese population are ready for use. In the future, cooperation, resource sharing, talent development, image management, and computer-aided diagnosis will be important directions for the development of dermoscopy in China.@*CONCLUSION@#Dermoscopy has been widely used and developed in China, however, it still needs to address more challenges in the future.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2096-2104, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802855

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Dermoscopy is a useful technique for improving the diagnostic accuracy of various types of skin disorders. In China, dermoscopy has been widely accepted, and domestic researchers have made tremendous progress in the field of dermoscopy. The main purpose of this review is to summarize the current status of dermoscopy in China and identify its future directions.@*Data sources@#Articles included in this review were obtained by searching the following databases: Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, PubMed, and the Web of Science. We focused on research published before 2019 with keywords including dermoscopy, dermoscopic, dermoscope and trichoscopy.@*Study selection@#A total of 50 studies were selected. Of these studies, 20 studies were in Chinese and 30 in English, research samples of all the studies were collected from Chinese populations.@*Results@#Since 2000, more than 380 articles about dermoscopy have been published in domestic or foreign journals. Dermoscopy can improve the diagnostic accuracy of neoplastic diseases, evaluating the therapeutic effect of treatment, and determining the treatment endpoint, and it can also assist in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory diseases and in the assessment of the severity of the disease. In addition, researches about the applications of dermoscopy during surgical treatment have been published. Training courses aiming to improve the diagnostic ability of dermatologists, either face-to-face or online, have been offered. The Chinese Skin Image Database, launched in 2017 as a work platform for dermatologists, has promoted the development of dermoscopy in China. Computer-aided diagnostic systems based on the Chinese population are ready for use. In the future, cooperation, resource sharing, talent development, image management, and computer-aided diagnosis will be important directions for the development of dermoscopy in China.@*Conclusion@#Dermoscopy has been widely used and developed in China, however, it still needs to address more challenges in the future.

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 414-419, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755767

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the thickness and echo density of the skin at multiple sites of healthy adults by using high-frequency ultrasound.Methods A total of 50 healthy volunteers were enrolled from Department of Dermatology and Venereology,China-Japan Friendship Hospital between June and December in 2018,including 33 females and 17 males aged 22-69 years.The thickness and echo density of the epidermis,dermis and epidermis-dermis layer were detected by using high-frequency ultrasound at 12 sites,including the forehead,cheek,chest,abdomen,and the inner and outer sides of the upper arm,forearm,thigh and leg.The means of two groups were compared by using t test,and means of several groups were compared by using one-way analysis of variation.Results High-frequency skin ultrasound images differed among different anatomical sites.There were significant differences in the thickness and echo density of the epidermis,dermis and epidermis-dermis layer among the 12 sites (P < 0.05).The epidermis was thickest at the inner side of the thigh (160.68 μm ± 25.71 μm),the dermis was thickest at the cheek(1 828.78 μm ± 399.10 μm),and the epidermis-dermis layer was thickest at the cheek (1 943.48 μm ± 402.4 μm).The echo density of the epidermis,dermis and epidermis-dermis layer was highest at the inner side of the leg (152.27 ± 21.56),forearm (52.71 ± 15.57) and forearm (62.56 ± 15.76) respectively.The thickness of the epidermis,dermis and epidermis-dermis layer at the forehead,cheek and the inner side of the forearm was significantly higher in male volunteers than in female volunteers (P ≤ 0.05 or < 0.01),while the echo density of the dermis and epidermis-dermis layer at the forehead,cheek and the outer side of the leg was significantly lower in male volunteers than in female volunteers (P < 0.05 or 0.01).Conclusion Differences exist in skin thickness and echo density among different anato mical sites and between male and female healthy adults.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707816

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate degrees of fibrosis of adenomyosis(AM)myometrium and explore its relationship with dysmenorrhea. Methods Thirty AM patients who had hysterectomy from July, 2015 to December, 2016 in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital were selected as AM group; 28 cases of hysterectomy due to cervical lesions(none AM)were selected as control group. The area ratio of collagen fiber in the two groups was analysed by modified Masson stain, and the expression of collagen type Ⅰprotein in the two groups was analysed by immunohistochemical method. Results (1)The degree of fibrosis:the area ratio of collagen fiber and the expression of collagen type Ⅰof AM group [(34.5±5.1)%, 0.23±0.06] were significantly higher than those of control group [(26.7±10.1)%,0.18±0.08; all P<0.05].(2)The relationship between the degree of fibrosis and dysmenorrhea: the area ratio of collagen fiber and the expression of collagen type Ⅰ in severe dysmenorrhea, moderate dysmenorrhea, and none-mild dysmenorrhea were(35.3± 4.3)%,0.25±0.05;(35.7±3.2)%, 0.26±0.06;(25.0±2.9)%,0.15±0.03, there were significantly different among them(all P<0.01). And the area ratio of collagen fiber, the expression of collagen type Ⅰ were positively correlated with the degree of dysmenorrhea(r=0.50, 0.50; all P<0.05). Conclusions The area ratio of collagen fiber and the expression of collagen type Ⅰin AM are higher than in control group, and positively correlated with the severity of dysmenorrhea. These results suggest the degrees of fibrosis might be correlated with dysmenorrhea.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661885

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the changing rules of the voltage-current characteristics and blood flow perfusion of Sanyinjiao (SP6) at different time points of a menstrual cycle in healthy female subjects, and provide evidence for acupoint specificity.Method Fifty-one healthy college students were observed for the voltage-current characteristics and blood flow of Sanyinjiao and its control point before, during and after menstruation.Result The increasing volt-ampere area, decreasing volt-ampere area and inertial area of left Sanyinjiao were significantly smaller than those of the control point during and at the end of menstruation (P<0.05), and the inertial area of right Sanyinjiao was significantly smaller than that of the control point during menstruation (P<0.05); during non-menstruation period and at the end of menstruation, the blood flow perfusion of bilateral Sanyinjiao was significantly larger than that of the control point (P<0.05), and the blood flow of left Sanyinjiao was significantly larger than that of the control point (P<0.05) during menstruation period; the blood flow perfusion of right Sanyinjiao showed a significant negative correlation with the increasing volt-ampere area and inertial area (P<0.05).Conclusion Acupoint can sensitively reflect the qi-blood change of human body, and the rich blood flow in acupoint area should be a crucial reason causing the low resistance.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658966

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the changing rules of the voltage-current characteristics and blood flow perfusion of Sanyinjiao (SP6) at different time points of a menstrual cycle in healthy female subjects, and provide evidence for acupoint specificity.Method Fifty-one healthy college students were observed for the voltage-current characteristics and blood flow of Sanyinjiao and its control point before, during and after menstruation.Result The increasing volt-ampere area, decreasing volt-ampere area and inertial area of left Sanyinjiao were significantly smaller than those of the control point during and at the end of menstruation (P<0.05), and the inertial area of right Sanyinjiao was significantly smaller than that of the control point during menstruation (P<0.05); during non-menstruation period and at the end of menstruation, the blood flow perfusion of bilateral Sanyinjiao was significantly larger than that of the control point (P<0.05), and the blood flow of left Sanyinjiao was significantly larger than that of the control point (P<0.05) during menstruation period; the blood flow perfusion of right Sanyinjiao showed a significant negative correlation with the increasing volt-ampere area and inertial area (P<0.05).Conclusion Acupoint can sensitively reflect the qi-blood change of human body, and the rich blood flow in acupoint area should be a crucial reason causing the low resistance.

12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 517-520, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616349

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) alone or in combination for melanocytic nevus.Methods A total of 37 patients with clinically diagnosed melanocytic nevus were collected.Skin lesions were firstly examined by dermoscopy and RCM,then were resected to be subjected to histopathological examination for final diagnosis.The imaging features of melanocytic nevus were summarized.The sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,negative predictive value and accuracy of different skin imaging techniques were calculated,and the consistency was analyzed between skin imaging techniques and histopathological examination.Results Based on the dermoscopic and RCM findings,2 kinds of nevus cells with different morphological features were observed in the dermis of intradermal nevus.One kind of nevus cells was characterized by a nonfusional,highly-refractive round structure in the papillary dermis under RCM,and by a brown or light brown homogenous pattern under dermoscopy,which was observed in 5 skin lesions.The other kind of nevus cells appeared as irregular,highly-refractive cell clumps in the papillary dermis under RCM,and by a cobblestone or globular pattern under dermoscopy,which was observed in 31 skin lesions.For the diagnosis of melanocytic nevus,the sensitivity,specificity,accuracy,positive predictive value and negative predictive value of RCM combined with dermoscopy were 91.7%,87.5%,90.9%,97.1% and 70% respectively,those of RCM were 86.1%,75%,84%,93.9% and 54.5% respectively,and those of dermoscopy were 77.8%,87.5%,75%,96.3% and 41.2% respectively.All the diagnostic indices of RCM combined with dermoscopy were higher than those of RCM or dermoscopy alone,except that the specificity was equal to that of dermoscopy alone.RCM showed higher sensitivity,accuracy and negative predictive value,but lower specificity and positive predictive value compared with dermoscopy.There were no significant differences in the diagnostic yield in melanocytic nevus between RCM combined with dermoscopy or RCM alone and histopathological examination (x2 =0.25,0.57,P =0.63,0.45,Kappa value =0.72,0.53,respectively).However,a significant difference in the diagnostic yield in melanocytic nevus was observed between dermoscopy and histopathological examination (x2 =5.81,P =0.012).Conclusion RCM combined with dermoscopy shows higher diagnostic accuracy for melanocytic nevus compared with RCM or dermoscopy alone.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496610

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the influence of 131I therapy on bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with hyperthyroidism.Methods Published articles of prospective randomized controlled study,clinical controlled study or case-control study on BMD change in patients with hyperthyroidism after 131I therapy were selected from PubMed,the Excerpta Media Database (Embase),Cochrane library,Chinese Journal Full-text Database,Wanfang Database,Vip Database and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database.Data from the date of database establishment to October 2015 were all reviewed.The languages were restricted to English and Chinese.Meta-analysis was performed with RevMan 5.3.Results Thirteen trials with a total of 668 hyperthyroidism patients were included.The meta-analysis showed that BMD of the lumbar spine,hip joint,femoral neck and osteocalcin were significantly improved after 131I therapy.The weighted mean difference (WMD) for BMD of the lumbar spine was 0.07 (95% CI:0.04-0.11),P=0.O00 2;that of the hip joint and the femoral neck was 0.13(95% CI:0.09-0.16) and 0.05(95% CI:0.03-0.06),respectively(both P<0.01).The standardized mean difference (SMD) of osteocalcin was-1.20(95% CI:-1.43--0.97) with P<0.01.Furthermore,the improvements were time dependent within the 2 years' follow-up.Conclusions 131I therapy improves the BMD and osteocalcin in patients with hyperthyroidism in a time dependent manner within 2 years' follow-up.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 188-192, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469262

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of microRNA in differential diagnosis of tuberculous ascites and cancerous ascites.Methods From January 2011 to October 2013,31 patients with ascites were enrolled in this study,19 cases of whom had cancerous ascites (two cases of ovarian cancer,three cases of liver cancer,one case of bile duct carcinoma,five cases of gastric cancer,three cases of pancreatic cancer,four cases of colon cancer and one case of peritoneal mesothelioma) and 12 cases had tuberculous ascites.Ascites was collected for microRNA microarray detection,and the possible differential expressed microRNA was screened.The results of microarray were confirmed by TaqMan stem-loop real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method.The t test,receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the ROC curve (AUC) were performed for statistical analysis.Results The results of microRNA expression profiles indicated that there were differences between tuberculous ascites and cancerous ascites.The findings of TaqMan real-time PCR showed the expression of microRNA-21 in cancerous ascites was 39.3±11.6,which was much higher than that of tuberculous ascites (12.6 ±4.1),and the difference was statistically significant (t=4.921,P<0.05).The expression of microRNA-134 in cancerous ascites was 68.2±20.4,which was lower than that of tuberculous ascites (210.2±37.2),and the difference was statistically significant (t =3.430,P < 0.05).The AUC of microRNA-21 and microRNA-134 in differential diagnosis of tuberculous ascites and cancerous ascites was 0.882 (95 % CI 0.816-0.917) and 0.877 (95% CI 0.782-0.901).The AUC of combined microRNA-21 and microRNA-134 in differential diagnosis of tuberculous ascites and cancerous ascites was 0.915 (95% CI 0.863-0.967).Conclusions There are differences in microRNA expression profiles between tuberculous ascites and cancerous ascites.The detection of microRNA-21 and microRNA-134 expression in ascites is of great importance in differential diagnosis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 99-103, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469257

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the diagnostic value of cytokeratin 18 fragment M30 (CK18-M30) and Fas in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD),especially nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).Methods Among 58 patients with NAFLD,36 patients with NAFLD received liver biopsy.According to NAFLD activity score (NAS) and liver fibrosis score,patients were divided into NASH group (24 cases) and non-NASH group (12 cases).And at the same period,15 healthy individuals were set as healthy control group.The serum level of CK18 M30 and Fas were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA).Rank sum test was performed to analyze the differences in the level of CK18-M30 and Fas between groups.The diagnostic value of CK18 M30 and Fas were assessed by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves.Results The level of serum CK18-M30 of NAFLD group was significantly higher than that of healthy control group (97.24 U/L (86.06 to 113.12 U/L) vs 78.41 U/L (74.29 to 80.76 U/L),Z=-4.206,P<0.01)).The level of serum CK18-M30 of NASH group was higher than that of non-NASH group (111.06 U/L (94.30 to 142.68 U/L) vs 89.00 U/L (83.56 to 106.50 U/L),Z=-2.233,P<0.05)).The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of CK18-M30 in the diagnosis of NASH was 0.73 (0.56,0.90),and the sensitivity and specificity of CK18-M30 in diagnosis of NASH was 79.2% and 58.3%,respectively.The AUC of Fas in diagnosis of NASH was 0.58 (0.38,0.77),while the sensitivity and specificity of Fas in diagnosis of NASH was 54.2% and 66.7 %.The serum level of Fas increased in FAFLD group compared with healthy control group,and in NASH group compared with non-NASH group,however the differences were not signifincant (both P> 0.05).Conclusions The level of CK18-M30 has certain value in the diagnosis of NASH.The diagnostic value of Fas in NASH needs more samples in further study.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463196

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the moderating and mediating roles of psychological capital in the associations of effort?reward imbalance and overcommitment with job burnout among iron?steel workers. Methods Totally 1 700 male iron?steel workers from an iron and steel company were enrolled for the study. A set of questionnaires that included demographic and working factors,the Maslach Burnout Inventory?General Survey,the Ef?fort?reward Imbalance Scale and the Psychological Capital Questionnaire,as well as perceived work environment was distributed to the subjects. A to?tal of 1 254 effective respondents(73.76%)were collected. Hierarchical linear regression analysis was performed to explore moderating role,and as?ymptotic and resampling strategies were used to detect mediating role. Results There was no moderating role of psychological capital on the associa?tion between effort?reward imbalance and job burnout. Psychological capital had significant and positive moderating roles on the associations of over?commitment with emotional exhaustion and cynicism. Psychological capital showed significant mediating role in the associations of effort?reward im?balance with emotional exhaustion and cynicism,and the proportion of mediating role was 5.84%and 18.75%,respectively. Conclusion In work?ers with high level of psychological capital,emotional exhaustion and cynicism would be significantly increased with overcommitment,and there is a weak increasing trend of emotional exhaustion and cynicism in workers with low level of psychological capital. Effort?reward imbalance could lead to emotional exhaustion and cynicism through the reduction of psychological capital of iron?steel workers.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466499

ABSTRACT

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelial cell-specific mitogen.Studies have shown that VEGF is closely associated with ischemic stroke,and this makes it possible to intervene in ischemic stroke from the level of VEGF and its receptor.This article reviews the biological effect of VEGF and its receptor,mechanism of action involving in various stages of ischemic stroke,and the therapeutic prospect in ischemic stroke.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 879-883, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320981

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition and food safety educational programs on primary students from grade 4 to 6 in impoverished areas of Western China,under a school-based cluster-randomized trial.Methods Twelve primary schools were selected from 2 impoverished counties in West China and assigned to intervention or control groups,randomly,with 6 schools in each group.Self-rating knowledge,attitude and practice questionnaires were used at both baseline and final stages.Textbooks and supportive materials were designed according to the characteristics of baseline data.All students in the intervention group were treated with targeted nutrition and food safety lectures of 0.5 hour per week for 2 semesters.Generalized linear mixedeffects model was applied to fit the random effects on individual and clusters as well as to fit the fixed effect of the programs.Results Three hundred seventy-eight students from grade 4 to 6 were randomly selected at the baseline study and the differences of scores on knowledge,attitude and practice between the 2 groups were statistically insignificant (P>0.05).No cluster was lost during the trial.In the final investigation,478 students were randomly selected at the individual level.Scores on knowledge,attitude and practice among students in the intervention group were significantly higher,when comparing to the control group (P<0.01).At the cluster level,more schools in the intervention group showed significant changes on knowledge and practice,yet the change in attitude was less obvious.Data from the mixed-effects model demonstrated that the program served as an influential factor on scores related to knowledge after the intervention (P=0.015) but did not affect the scores on related attitude or practice (P>0.05).Conclusion Lectures seemed to have improved the cognition of nutrition and food safety among primary students from grade 4 to 6.However,long-term observation and larger sample size were needed to evaluate the changes on attitude and practice among the students.

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