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1.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 659-669, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986123

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze whether the upper airway of patients with catathrenia has obstructive manifestations using nasal resistance, craniofacial, and upper airway imaging methods, which could benefit the exploration of the etiology and treatment options. Methods: From August 2012 to September 2019, a total of 57 patients with catathrenia in the Department of Orthodontics at Peking University Hospital of Stomatology were included in the study, including 22 males and 35 females, aged (31.1±10.9) years, with a body mass index of (21.7±2.7) kg/m2. All the patients were diagnosed by full-night polysomnography at the Sleep Division, Peking University People's Hospital, of which 10 patients were combined with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). The median groaning index of patients was 4.8 (1.8, 13.0) events/h. Nasal resistance and cone-beam CT were conducted on the patients, and measurements were performed on the craniofacial structures, upper airway, and surrounding soft tissues, compared with non-snoring normal occlusion individuals' references published by the same research team (144 college students recruited at Peking University and 100 non-snoring young adults with normal occlusion recruited at six universities in Beijing). Results: The total nasal resistance of patients with catathrenia was (0.26±0.08) Pa·cm-3·s-1. The patients had overall well-developed mandibular hard tissues. However, the patients were found with increased FH/BaN (steep anterior cranial base plane), increased MP/FH (forward rotation of the mandible); increased U1/NA and L1/MP (proclined upper and lower incisors). The sagittal diameter of the velopharynx [(19.2±4.5) mm] was significantly larger than the normal reference (t=8.44, P<0.001), while the sagittal diameter at the hypopharynx [(17.4±6.4) mm] was statistically smaller than the normal reference (t=-2.79, P=0.006). Catarhrenia patients combined with OSAHS presented longer soft palate, tongue, and lower hyoid bone than those with primary catathrenia. Conclusions: In patients with catathrenia, the overall craniofacial characteristics are well-developed skeletal structures, lower nasal resistance, proclined upper and lower incisors, wide upper sagittal development of the upper airway and narrow hypopharynx. Groaning sounds might be related to the narrowing of the hypopharynx during sleep.

2.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 257-263, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981261

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the antiplatelet effect of ticagrelor by microfluidic chip and flow cytometry under shear stress in vitro. Methods Microfluidic chip was used to examine the effect of ticagrelor on platelet aggregation at the shear rates of 300/s and 1500/s.We adopted the surface coverage of platelet aggregation to calculate the half inhibition rate of ticagrelor.The inhibitory effect of ticagrelor on ADP-induced platelet aggregation was verified by optical turbidimetry.Microfluidic chip was used to construct an in vitro vascular stenosis model,with which the platelet reactivity under high shear rate was determined.Furthermore,the effect of ticagrelor on the expression of fibrinogen receptor (PAC-1) and P-selectin (CD62P) on platelet membrane activated by high shear rate was analyzed by flow cytometry. Results At the shear rates of 300/s and 1500/s,ticagrelor inhibited platelet aggregation in a concentration-dependent manner,and the inhibition at 300/s was stronger than that at 1500/s (both P<0.001).Ticagrelor at a concentration ≥4 μmol/L almost completely inhibited platelet aggregation.The inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation by ticagrelor was similar to the results under flow conditions and also in a concentration-dependent manner.Ticagrelor inhibited the expression of PAC-1 and CD62P. Conclusion We employed microfluidic chip to analyze platelet aggregation and flow cytometry to detect platelet activation,which can reveal the responses of different patients to ticagrelor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ticagrelor/pharmacology , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/pharmacology , Flow Cytometry/methods , Microfluidics , Platelet Aggregation
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3873-3876, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888111

ABSTRACT

Compounds(1-6) were isolated and identified from 90% ethanol extract of the stems and leaves of Cassia occidentalis through column chromatography with silica gel, ODS, and Sephadex LH-20. These compounds were identified as 7-hydroxy-5-(3-hydroxy-2-oxopropyl)-2-methyl-4H-chromen-4-one(1), saccharonol A(2), S-6-hydroxymullein(3), 2-methyl-5-acetonyl-7-hydroxy-chromone(4), 2-(2'-hydroxypropyl)-5-methyl-7-hydroxychromone(5) and 7,4'-dihydroxyflavone(6) based on their physicochemical and spectroscopic data. Among them, compound 1 was a new compound, and all the compounds were isolated from this plant for the first time. DPPH method was employed to determine the antioxidant activities of these compounds in vitro. Six compounds exhibited weak antioxidant activities.


Subject(s)
Chromones , Plant Leaves , Senna Plant , Spectrum Analysis
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 712-716, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777504

ABSTRACT

A total of ten compounds were isolated from the 90% Et OH extract of Cassia siamea by using various chormatographic techniques,and their structures were established as( 2' S)-2-( propan-2'-ol)-5,7-dihydroxy-benzopyran-4-one( 1),chrobisiamone( 2), 2-( 2'-hydroxypropyl)-5-methyl-7-hydroxychromone( 3), 2,5-dimethyl-7-hydroxychromone( 4), 2-methyl-5-acetonyl-7-hydroxychromone( 5),3-O-methylquercetin( 6),3,5,7,3',4'-pentahydroxyflavonone( 7),luteolin-5,3'-dimethylether( 8),4-( trans)-acetul-3,6,8-trihydroxy-3-methyl-dihydronapht halenone( 9) and 6-hydroxymellein( 10) based on the spectroscopic data.Compound 1 was a new compound,and 3,4,6,8 were isolated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Cassia , Luteolin , Senna Plant , Spectrum Analysis
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 92-95, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304889

ABSTRACT

A new isocoumarin, along with five known ones,were isolated from the fermentation products of an endophytic fungus Aspergillus versicolorby using various chromatographic techniques.Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensivespectroscopic analysis, including 1D-and 2D-NMR techniques. Compound 1 was evaluated for cytotoxicity against five human tumor cell lines. The results showed that 1 exhibited weak cytotoxicityagainst NB4, SHSY5Y and MCF7 cells with IC₅₀ values of 6.8, 4.3,8.8 μmol•L⁻¹, respectively.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4205-4207, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279261

ABSTRACT

A phytochemical investigation on the stems of Garcinia bracteata collected from Xishuangbanna resulted in the isolation of a new flavone. By analysis of the HRESIMS, IR, UV, 1D and 2D NMR spectra, the structure of the new compound was determined as 7-methoxy-4',6-dihydroxy-8-isobutyryl-flavone(1). Compound 1 was also tested for its anti-tobacco mosaic virus(TMV) activity. Results suggested the 1 possessed remarkable anti-TMV activity, with an inhibition rate of 28.2%.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Flavones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Garcinia , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Tobacco Mosaic Virus
7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 117-120, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236219

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of auricular points sticking-pressing (APSP) in treating post-cesarean hypogalactia (PCH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A randomized, controlled, single-blinded clinical trial on 116 patients with PCH was carried out. They were equally assigned to the treatment group and the control group. The treatment group received APSP, with the pellets pressed for 4 times daily, while the control group was only asked to do lactation to meet infant demand. The therapeutic efficacy and the changes in scores of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome, volume of milk secretion, supplementary feeding and serum level of prolactin (PRL) in the two groups were estimated and compared after the patients had been treated for 5 days.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cured and markedly effective rate in the treatment group was 89.7%, which was significantly higher than that in the control group (27.6%, P<0.05), 95% CI (0.1543, 0.2527). The improvement of TCM syndrome, elevation of milking volume, decrease of the supplementary feeding and increase of PRL level revealed in the treatment group were all superior to those in the control group, showing statistical significance (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>APSP shows an apparent efficacy in treating PCH and is worthy of application in clinical practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture, Ear , Methods , Cesarean Section , Rehabilitation , Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Lactation , Physiology , Lactation Disorders , Blood , Therapeutics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Milk, Human , Bodily Secretions , Postoperative Complications , Therapeutics , Pressure , Prolactin , Blood , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 78-82, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235981

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of the preadjusted appliance (Z1 appliance) based on Chinese normal occlusion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty non-extraction patients were treated with Z1 appliance. No wire bending was made during treatment. The results of these 30 cases had been evaluated by five senior orthodontists. Models were analysed quantitatively to testify and evaluate the efficiency of the appliance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average score for post-treatment models was 91.2 (total score was 100). The model measurements indicated that average projective distance on occlusal plane between proximal contact points of adjacent teeth was less than 0.3 mm, which demonstrated good alignment. The prominence of crowns was almost coincident with the data of Chinese normal occlusion. For the average tip of most teeth, there was no statistical difference between the study group and the normal control group. The crown torque variation tendency from anterior to posterior was similar to that in the subjects with normal occlusion. However, the cases treated with Z1 appliance achieved more negative torque in the lower posterior segment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The result of the non-extraction patients treated with Z1 appliance was quite satisfied. Wire bending could be reduced during treatment. It was necessary to adjust the crown torque values for lower posterior teeth.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Asian People , Dental Occlusion , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Orthodontic Appliances , Orthodontics, Corrective , Methods
9.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 44-49, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296720

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To approach the correlation of upper airway and surrounding tissues with body mass index (BMI) of non-apnea aged males.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-one non-apnea aged from 70 years to 84 years males (all were inspected by polysomnography and apnea hyponea index < 10 times/hour) had magnetic resonance imaging scanned. In images of MRI, the upper airway was divided into four sections, including nasopharynx, velopharynx, glossopharynx and laryn-gopharynx. The sizes, forms and surrounding tissues were measured and correlation analysis of duality vaniable about upper airway and surrounding tissues with BMI were carried out.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The volume of nasopharynx had negative correlation with body mass(P < 0.05). (2) The min anterior-posterior diameter of velopharynx had positive correlation with body mass and BMI. The max value of anterior-posterior diameter/transverse diameter of velopharynx had positive correlation with body mass. The mi value of distance of fatpads had negative correlation with body mass and BMI. The min and average value of distance of ascending ramus had positive correlation with body mass and BMI. The mn value of distance of fatpads/distance of ascending ramus had negative correlation with body mass and BMI. The transverse diameter/lateral velopharyngeal wall of velopharynx had positive correlation with BMI. All of above results had statistic significance (P < 0.05). (3)The volume of soft palate, tongue and fatpads had no correlation with body mass and BMI (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The forms of sectional areas of velopharynx are subjected to body mass, and with the increasing of body mass they tend to round. In non-apnea aged males, the distance of fatpads and ascending rami have intimate relationship with body mass and BMI. The volume of soft palate, tongue, tatpads and velopharyngeal walls has little things with hody mass and BMI.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Apnea , Body Mass Index , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Palate, Soft , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Tongue
10.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 676-680, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317844

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the morphology characters of upper airway and its surrounding tissues in different age non-snoring males.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Total of 114 non-snoring males, with age-range from 22 to 78 year old, were included in this study. They were divided into 3 groups: 30 in younger group (22-29 years old), 57 in middle-aged group (36-57 years old), and 31 in aged group (70-78 years old). All subjects had magnetic resonance imaging scanning.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The nasopharynx in aged group was statistically different from that of the younger group and the middle aged group. The volume of nasopharynx in aged group (7.81 +/- 1.59) cm3 (x +/- s, same herein after) is greater than that in younger group (4.89 +/- 1.20) cm3 and middle aged groups (6.06 +/- 2.07) cm3. (2) The AP diameter/transverse diameter of velopharynx, glossopharynx and laryngopharynx in the aged group tended to be smaller. The average value of AP diameter/transverse diameter of velopharynx in aged group is 0.46 +/- 0.14, while the value is 0.59 +/- 0.14 and 0.57 +/- 0.14 in middle and young groups respectively, compared with that of the aged group, there is statistical difference (P < 0.01). Further more, the min/max section area of velopharynx, glossopharynx, laryngopharynx in aged group are smaller than that of young group and midlife groups. (3) The aged group had the thinnest thickness of posterior and lateral velopharyngeal walls, but the largest volume of soft palate and fat pads among all groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In non-snoring males, there is more fat deposition around the upper airway with aging. While the large nasopharynx and large transverse diameter of upper airway seem to balance the disadvantaged changes and to benefit the their sleep respiration.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Aging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Nasopharynx , Pharynx
11.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 573-579, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264356

ABSTRACT

Z2 appliance is the pre-adjusted appliance designed for Chinese orthodontic patients. The prescription of the appliance is based on Chinese normal occlusion, which is much different from the West in the first and the second orders as well as the third one. The appliance routinely includes 20 brackets and 8 molar buccal tubers with 3 standard arch forms. Clinically, continued light force is used in whole treatment. The side-effects such as forward tipping of incisors, bite deepening and loss of molar anchorage are reduced further due to fewer tips built into the anterior brackets as well as lower friction elastometric modules used during aligning and leveling. In condition of arch are leveled completely, 0.48 mm x 0.64 mm stainless steel archwire with 1.47 N retraction force is the best combination for sliding mechanics, which is proved by 3D nonlinear finite element study. Self drilling micro-screw is used for maximum anchorage. In finishing stage 0.53 mm x 0.64 mm NT arch wire is added in order to get full torque expressing. The research of Chinese pre-adjusted appliance has been lasted for more than 10 years in the department and clinical studies on Z2 appliance show that with minimal wire bending, treatment is more efficient and result is high quality and more consistent for Chinese orthodontic patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Occlusion , Friction , Incisor , Molar , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Wires , Stainless Steel
12.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 206-209, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333364

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To describe the morphology of upper airway in non-apnea males aged seventy years or over.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-one non-apnea males aged 70 years or over [diagnosed by whole-night polysomnography (PSG), apnea and hypopnea index (AHI) < 10 per hour] had been taken magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The narrowest point of upper airway was at velopharynx. The mean and the minimum section areas were (190.9 +/- 67.1) mm(2) and (112.1 +/- 47.7) mm(2), respectively. Each sagittal/transverse ratio was between 0.22 and 0.89. It showed an ellipse-like cross-section of upper airway, while velopharynx was the most "slender" segment (sagittal/transverse-caliber was 0.22 - 0.71). The min/max section area of upper airway was between 0.38 and 0.62. It demonstrated that each airway segment was a "cone-like" form, while the velopharynx was the steepest segment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In the non-apnea elderly males aged seventy years or over, the velopharynx was most likely to collapse.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Palate, Soft , Pharynx , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tongue
13.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 80-84, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292959

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the imtrusion of overerupted molars with microscrews as anchorage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirteen adult patients were treated with microscrew anchorage and fixed appliances. Twenty-three overerupted posterior maxillary teeth were intruded. The intrusive movement was investigated on cephalometric radiographs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The molars were intruded and the occlusal plane was corrected successfully in all patients. The treatment period of intrusion was from 5 to 18 months (mean 10.4 months). Significant true intrusion of overerupted maxillary molars, ranged from 0.45 mm to 7.00 mm [mean (2.86 +/- 1.80) mm], was achieved (P < 0.001). The apical root resorption was not clinically significant and the bone level was unchanged.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The microscrew anchorage and fixed appliances were applicable and efficacious for intrusion of overerupted maxillary molars.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Screws , Cephalometry , Dental Implantation , Maxilla , General Surgery , Molar , Congenital Abnormalities , General Surgery , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Methods , Tooth Movement Techniques , Methods , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 137-140, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324087

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The research tended to approach applying of adjustable appliance in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>30 OSAHS patients (24 males and 6 females) participated in the adjustable group, with a mean age of (49.9 +/- 9.9) years old. AHI was (33.1 +/- 22.7) per hour. The control group consisted of 30 OSAHS patients wearing ordinary mandibular advancing appliance in the corresponding period, with age, weight and AHI at the same level. Monoblind way was designed to obtain and analyze the therapy differences. Differences in changes of upper airway, mandible and hyoid bone were also analyzed among the doctor-experience position, final adjusted position and original position.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>AHI decreased by 85.5% in the adjustable appliance group. The change in AHI was greater significantly (P = 0.025) in the adjustable group than in the control group. In the final adjusted position, the amount of mandibular advancement was (5.8 +/- 1.4) mm [(71 +/- 26)% of the maximum range of protrusion] and that of bite opening (the distance between upper and lower incisor edges) was (4.6 +/- 1.1) mm.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The adjustable appliance had shown better therapy effect in OSAHS patients. The final adjusted position provided useful information on determining mandibular position using other appliances.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mandibular Advancement , Single-Blind Method , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 137-140, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239092

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine adaptive changes in the shape of the upper airway during titrated mandibular advancement. Furthermore, to understand the mechanism of mandible-adjustable therapy to improve the ventilation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fourteen non-apnea participated in the study. A custom-made oral device was used to keep the mandible in titrated advancement at 0% (F0), 50% (F50), 75% (F75), 100% (F100) of the maximum advancement. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to investigate the difference in the shape of upper-airway in these 4 positions. Changes in the anteroposterior direction (AP), lateral direction (Lat) and its ratio (AP/Lat) were calculated, which were transformed into the percentage of the original ones.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The dose-dependent decrease of AP/Lat was found when the mandible was advanced (P = 0.0001). Lateral change rate in percentage increased by degrees (P = 0.0023), while the increase of anteroposterior change rate in percentage showed no statistical significance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The shape of upper airway tended to be less round. The enlargement of upper airway during titrated mandibular advancement was mainly the result of enlargement in lateral direction.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Asian People , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mandible , Mandibular Advancement , Palate, Soft , Pharynx
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