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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4634-4646, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008630

ABSTRACT

Dead heart is an important trait of pith-decayed Scutellariae Radix. The purpose of this study was to clarify the scientific connotation of the dead heart using multi-omics. Metabolomics and transcriptomics combined with multivariate statistical analysis such as principal component analysis(PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) were used to systematically compare the differences in chemical composition and gene expression among phloem, outer xylem and near-dead xylem of pith-decayed Scutella-riae Radix. The results revealed significant differences in the contents of flavonoid glycosides and aglycones among the three parts. Compared with phloem and outer xylem, near-dead xylem had markedly lowered content of flavonoid glycosides(including baicalin, norwogonin-7-O-β-D-glucuronide, oroxylin A-7-O-β-D-glucuronide, and wogonoside) while markedly increased content of aglycones(including 3,5,7,2',6'-pentahydroxy dihydroflavone, baicalin, wogonin, and oroxylin A). The differentially expressed genes were mainly concentrated in KEGG pathways such as phenylpropanoid metabolism, flavonoid biosynthesis, ABC transporter, and plant MAPK signal transduction pathway. This study systematically elucidated the material basis of the dead heart of pith-decayed Scutellariae Radix with multiple growing years. Specifically, the content of flavonoid aglycones was significantly increased in the near-dead xylem, and the gene expression of metabolic pathways such as flavonoid glycoside hydrolysis, interxylary cork development and programmed apoptosis was significantly up-regulated. This study provided a theoretical basis for guiding the high-quality production of pith-decayed Scutellariae Radix.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Scutellaria baicalensis/chemistry , Glucuronides , Multiomics , Flavonoids/chemistry
2.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 37-41, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971404

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the anatomical classification of adductor magnus perforator flap and its application in head and neck reconstruction. Methods: From January 2017 to January 2020, Hunan Cancer Hospital treated 27 cases of oral tumor patients (15 cases of tongue cancer, 9 cases of gingival cancer and 3 cases of buccal cancer), including 24 males and 3 females, aged 31-56 years old. The course of disease was 1-12 months. Secondary soft tissue defects with the sizes of 5.0 cm × 3.5 cm to 11.0 cm × 8.0 cm were left after radical resection of the tumors, and were repaired with free adductor magnus perforator flaps. The flaps based on the origing locations of perforator vessels were divided into three categories: ① intramuscular perforator: vessel originated between the gracilis muscle and the adductor magnus or passed through a few adductor magnus muscles; ② adductor magnus middle layer perforator: vessel run between the deep and superficial layers of adductor magnus; ③ adductor magnus deep layer perforator: vessel run between the deep layer of adductor magnus and the semimembranous muscle. Descriptive analysis was used in this research. Results: Perforator vessels of adductor magnus were found in all cases, with a total of 62 perforator branches of adductor magnus. The anatomical classification of the perforator vessels was as follows: 12 branches for class ①, 31 branches for class ② and 19 branches for class ③. The vascular pedicles of the free adductor major perforator flaps included type ① for 3 cases, type ② for 16 cases and type ③ for 8 cases. All 27 flaps survived and the donor sites were closed directly. In 18 cases, the perforator arteries and the venae comitan were respectively anastomosed with the superior thyroid arteries and veins. In 9 cases, the pedicle arteries and the venae comitan were respectively anastomosed with the facial arteries and veins. Follow up for 12-40 months showed that the appearances of the flaps and the swallowing and language functions of patients were satisfactory, apart from linear scars were left in the donor sites with no significant affect on the functions of thigh. Local recurrence occurred in 3 cases and radical surgeries were performed again followed by repairs with pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps. Cervical lymph node metastasis occurred in 2 cases and cervical lymph node dissection was performed again. Conclusions: The adductor magnus perforator flap has soft texture, constant perforator vessel anatomy, flexible donor location and harvesting forms, and less damage to the donor site. It is an ideal choice for postoperative reconstruction in head and neck tumors.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Perforator Flap/transplantation , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Thigh/surgery , Head/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 358-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986895

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacies of different forms of free radial collateral artery perforator flaps in repairing the defects after oral tumor surgeries. Methods: From May 2016 to March 2021, 28 patients (22 males, 6 females, aged 35-62 years) with oral tumors admitted by Hunan Cancer Hospital received the reconstructive surgeries with the free radial collateral artery perforator flaps after removal of oral tumors, including 24 cases of tongue cancer (11 cases of tongue marginal cancer, 9 cases of tongue belly cancer and 4 cases of tongue cancer involved in the floor of the mouth) and 4 cases of buccal and oral cancer. Four forms of radial collateral artery perforator flaps were used: single perforator flaps for 6 cases, double perforators flaps for 7 cases, flaps without perforator visualization for 10 cases and chimeric perforator myocutaneous flaps for 5 cases. The recipient vessels were the superior thyroid artery and superior thyroid vein, and if second concomitant vein available, it was anastomosed with internal jugular vein in end-to-side fashion. SPSS 20.0 statistical software was used to analyze the data. Results: The mean length of flaps was (9.7±0.4) cm, mean width (4.4±0.3) cm and mean thickness (1.1±0.4) cm. The mean length of the vascular pedicles was (7.1±0.6)cm (6.0-8.0 cm), the mean diameter of the radial accessory arteries was (1.1±0.3)mm (0.8-1.3 mm). Eleven cases(39.3%) had respectively one accompanying vein and 17 cases(60.7%) had respectively two accompanying veins, with the mean diameter of (1.1±0.3) mm (0.8-1.3 mm). All the 28 flaps survived, the donor and recipient wounds healed in one stage, the appearances of the flaps were satisfactory, only linear scars remained in the donor sites, and the upper arm functions were not significantly affected. Follow up for 12-43 months showed that the flaps were soft with partially mucosalization, the reconstructed tongue and buccal cavity were in good shape, and the swallowing and language functions were satisfactory. The swallowing and language functions were retained to the greatest extent in 3 cases with near total tongue resection, although the functions were still significantly affected. There was no local recurrence of the tumor during follow-up. One case had regional lymph node metastasis, and further lymph node dissection and comprehensive treatment were performed, with satisfactory outcomes. Conclusions: The vascular pedicle of the radial collateral artery perforator flap has a constant anatomy, which can be prepared in different forms to improve the safety of the operation and minimize the donor site damage. It is an ideal choice for the repair of small and medium-sized defects after oral tumor surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Perforator Flap/transplantation , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Arm/surgery , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Arteries , Skin Transplantation , Treatment Outcome
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 152-157, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the significance of peripheral blood lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) and corrected levels of serum calcium (cCa) as prognostic markers for the newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 114 newly diagnosed MM patients in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from January 2013 to March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to identify the optimal cutoff value, and the patients were divided into high LMR group and low LMR group (LMR≥3.35 and LMR < 3.35). Moreover, the patients were divided into four groups according to initial diagnosis LMR and LMR after four courses of treatment (LMR4): Group A (LMR≥3.35, LMR4≥3.35), Group B (LMR≥3.35, LMR4 < 3.35), Group C (LMR < 3.35, LMR4≥3.35), and group D (LMR < 3.35, LMR4 < 3.35). The simple prognosis model was established by combined with LMR and cCa, the patients were divided into Group a (no risk factor), group b (1 risk factor) and Group c (2 risk factors). Independent sample T-test, Pearson Chi-square test or Mann-Whitney U test were used to evaluate the differences between various parameters, and Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression were used for survival analysis.@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up time was 13.05(0.1-72.5)months. Survival analysis showed that the patients with low LMR predicted poor prognosis, the overall survival (OS) time of the patients with low LMR was significantly shorter (17 vs 50.5 months, P=0.006) than the patients with high LMR, the difference was also significant between group A and Group D (56.5 vs 30.5 months, P=0.043). The OS of the patients was also significantly shorter in the high cCa group (≥2.75 mmol/L) compared with normal group (8.5 vs 34 months, P=0.006). Multivariate survival analysis showed that LMR < 3.35 (P=0.028) and cCa≥2.75 mmol/L (P=0.036) were the independent risk factors affecting prognosis of MM patients. The comparison of risk factors showed that the median OS of Group a, b and c was 50, 20, and 8.5 months, respectively. The prognosis of the patients without risk factors was better than that of patients with 1-2 risk factors (Group a vs Group b, P < 0.0001; Group a vs Group c, P=0.002).@*CONCLUSION@#LMR and cCa are the independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of newly diagnosed MM patients, and the development of a simple prognosis system combining them can quickly identify the prognosis of newly diagnosed MM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium , Lymphocytes , Monocytes , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 68-81, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940317

ABSTRACT

By referring to the materials of ancient materia medica, prescriptions and medical books, combining with modern literature, this paper made textual research on the name, origin, producing area, quality evaluation, harvesting and processing methods of Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix in famous classical formulas, so as to provide a basis for the selection and use of Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix in the development of famous classical formulas. Through textual research, it can be seen that Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix is the correct name in all dynasties, but it still has many aliases. The main strain of Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix was Ligusticum sinense and L. jeholense, in addition, there are also L. tenuissimum, Sinodielsia yunnanensis, and Conioselinum vaginatum, L. sinense var. hupehense used in different regions. Since modern times, the textual examination of its scientific name is more complicated. Different foreign scholars have given many scientific names from their local observation, but most of them do not match the actual situation of Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix in ancient China. It is probably because they did not collect the original plants of Chinese Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix and conduct accurate identification. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the L. sinense and L. jeholense was identified as the original plants through systematic investigation and arrangement of Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix. Since modern times, L. sinense is distributed in the upper and middle reaches of the Yellow River and the south of the region, a small amount of production in Sichuan, Hubei, Hunan and Jiangxi. L. jeholense is distributed in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River and the north of the region, mostly produced in Liaoning and Hebei. The ancient harvesting period of Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix was concentrated in January and February according to the lunar calendar with thick roots, dry, fragrant, heavy quality as the best. But now the collection of roots and rhizome more than concentrated in spring before seedling emergence and autumn when leaves were gone, and take the large, dry, yellow, strong, fragrant, less roots, residual short as the best. In the past dynasties, raw products were the main processing methods, and there were also roasting, grinding and so on. Based on the research results, it is suggested that the raw roots and rhizomes of L. sinense and L. jeholense should be used in the development of famous classical formulas.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 53-60, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014172

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate whether CTSB is involved in hypoxia-induced injury of cardiac microvascular endothelial cells.Methods A hypoxia-induced endothelial cell injury model was used.Cardiac microvascular endothelial cells were isolated from CTSB gene knockout mice.CTSB was overexpressed by adenovirus delivery system, and bafilomycin was used to block autophagy.ELISA was used to detect the release of inflammatory factors.Tunel staining was used to detect the number of cell apoptosis.caspase-3 kit was used to detect the activity of cell caspase-3.Cells were infected with LC3-GFP-mCherry double-labeled adenovirus todetect cell autophagy flow.Results CTSB gene knockout could significantly aggravate the inflammation and apoptosis of endothelial cells induced by hypoxia, and increased autophagy.Overexpression of CTSB reduced the inflammation and apoptosis of endothelial cells induced by hypoxia, and increased autophagy.But bafilomycin treatment could significantly offset the inhibitory effect of CTSB overexpression on cell inflammation and apoptosis and the protective effect on cell autophagy.Conclusions CTSB knockout aggravates inflammation and apoptosis induced by hypoxia in endothelial cells; while the overexpression of CTSB ameliorates endothelial cell injury induced by hypoxia.CTSB maintains normal autophagy degradation in endothelial cells.BAF blocks the protective effect of CTSB on endothelial cells by inhibiting autophagy degradation.

7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 700-704, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the change of cervical curvature and range of motion (ROM) on imaging at 6 months after Hybrid surgery.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 patients with cervical degenerative disease who underwent Hybrid surgery from January 2017 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Also, they all met the inclusion criteria and had complete preoperative and 6 months postoperative imaging data. There were 11 males and 18 females, aged from 34 to 76 (55.86±10.69) years, and the operation time was from 2 to 4(3.03±0.51) hours. The Cobb angle method was used to measure the changes of cervical curvature and ROM of C@*RESULTS@#There was no statistically significant difference in C@*CONCLUSION@#Hybrid surgery reconstructs the lordotic curvature of the entire cervical spine and the responsible segment, retains the ROM of the cervical replacement segment, and restores the biomechanical function of cervical spine.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion
8.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 136-142, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882521

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the inhibitory effect and mechanism of photocarcinorin (PSD-007) photodynamic therapy (PDT) on human nasopharyngeal carcinoma transplanted tumors in nude mice.Methods:A total of 50 transplanted tumor nude mice models of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma were established and randomly divided into 5 groups: control group (group A), simple PSD-007 group (group B), simple light group (group C), local injection of PSD-007 + light group (group D), intraperitoneal injection of PSD-007 + light group (group E) using the method of random number table, 10 mice in each group. After 7 days of treatment, the tumor mass and tumor volume of nude mice in each group were measured and the tumor inhibition rate was calculated. HE staining was used to detect the histopathological changes of tumors in nude mice. Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of autophagy-related gene Beclin 1, microtubules associated protein 1 light chain 3-β (LC3) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway related proteins. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR was used to detect LC3, Beclin 1 mRNA expressions in tumor tissues.Results:After treatment, the tumor mass of nude mice bearing human nasopharyngeal carcinoma in group A, B, C, D and E were (2.05±0.18) g, (2.02±0.20) g, (2.04±0.15) g, (0.43±0.11) g and (0.94±0.12) g, and the tumor volumes were (1.11±0.13) cm 3, (1.18±0.16) cm 3, (1.13±0.14) cm 3, (0.51±0.07) cm 3and (0.65±0.10) cm 3, and there were statistically significant differences among the 5 groups ( F=236.749, P<0.001; F=62.418, P<0.001). Compared with group A, B and C, the tumor mass and tumor volumes of nude mice in group D and E were significantly reduced, and there were statistically significant differences (all P<0.001); compared with group E, the tumor mass and tumor volume of nude mice in group D were significantly reduced ( P<0.001; P=0.023). The tumor inhibition rates of group B, C, D and E were (1.07±0.11)%, (0.55±0.06)%, (79.11±0.06)% and (54.05±0.08)%, with a statistically significant difference ( F=235.987, P<0.001), compared with group B, C and E, group D had the most obvious tumor suppressing effect (all P<0.05). HE staining results showed that compared with group A, B and C, group D and E had larger tumor necrosis areas, more inflammatory cell infiltration, more vacuolar degeneration, and obvious nuclear shrinkage. The tumor necrosis degree in group D was higher than that in group E. The relative expressions of PI3K protein of group A, B, C, D and E were 1.01±0.06, 1.00±0.05, 1.01±0.05, 0.23±0.02, 0.48±0.04, p-Akt/Akt protein relative expressions were 0.66±0.06, 0.65±0.05, 0.64±0.05, 0.06±0.02, 0.17±0.02, p-mTOR/mTOR protein relative expressions were 1.06±0.06, 1.01±0.06, 1.01±0.06, 0.30±0.02, 0.45±0.04. The protein relative expression ratios of LC3 Ⅱ/LC3 Ⅰ were 0.85±0.05, 0.83±0.05, 0.83±0.06, 0.22±0.02, 0.41±0.04, and Beclin 1 protein relative expressions were 0.66±0.06, 0.64±0.05, 0.64±0.06, 1.67±0.07, 1.02±0.05, LC3 mRNA relative expressions were 0.98±0.29, 0.92±0.25, 1.02±0.26, 3.76±0.28, 2.38±0.28, and Beclin 1 mRNA relative expressions of were 1.11±0.40, 1.19±0.29, 1.16±0.24, 6.84±0.54, 2.94±0.48. There were statistically significant differences ( F=190.160, P<0.001; F=160.014, P<0.001; F=160.183, P<0.001; F=119.964, P<0.001; F=186.257, P<0.001; F=211.089, P<0.001; F=374.835, P<0.001). Compared with group A, B and C, PI3K, p-Akt/Akt and p-mTOR/mTOR protein relative expression levels and protein relative expression ratios of LC3 Ⅱ/LC3 Ⅰ in nude mice tumors of group D and E were significantly reduced, and LC3 mRNA, Beclin 1 protein and mRNA relative expression levels were significantly increased, with statistically significant differences (all P<0.001); PI3K, p-Akt/Akt and p-mTOR/mTOR protein relative expression levels and protein relative expression ratio of LC3 Ⅱ/LC3 Ⅰ in nude mice tumors of group E were significantly higher than those of group D, while Beclin 1 protein relative expression levels, LC3 and Beclin 1 mRNA relative expression levels were reduced (all P<0.05). Conclusion:PSD-007 PDT has an inhibitory effect on human nasopharyngeal carcinoma transplanted tumors in nude mice, which may be related to the inhibition of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway activation and the promotion of autophagy. Compared with intraperitoneal injection, local injection of PSD-007 PDT is more effective.

9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1109-1113, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922591

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#At present, there are many studies on Crohn's disease of terminal ileum and colon, but few studies on Crohn's disease of small intestine alone. This study aims to analyze the clinical features and therapeutic effect of small bowel in adult patients with Crohn's disease so as to strengthen the diagnosis and treatment for this disease.@*METHODS@#From July 1, 2015 to October 31, 2018, patients with small bowel Crohn's disease at Department of Gastroenterology, Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, were enrolled. At the same time, patients' demographics and clinical data were collected.@*RESULTS@#A total of 44 patients were small bowel Crohn's disease. Among them, 40 patients were male. The age at diagnosis was (35.8±10.3) years old and disease duration was (35.2±59.5) months. The subtypes included 29(65.9%) of ileum, 7(15.9%) of jejunum, 8(18.2%) of ileum with jejunum. There were 27(61.4%) of stricture behavior, 4(9.1%) of penetrating behavior, and 13(29.5%) of non-stricture and non-penetrating behavior. Endoscopic visible stricture (29/85, 34.1%) was common, followed by longitudinal ulcers (27/85, 31.8%). Non-caseate granulomatous were found in 2 cases (4.5%). The score of Crohn's disease activity index was correlated to hemoglobin, hematocrit, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with ileum account for a large proportion in patients with small bowel Crohn's disease. Stricture is more common in small bowel Crohn's disease. Stricture and longitudinal ulcer are more common under enteroscopy. Crohn's disease activity index is correlated to hemoglobin, red blood cell specific volume, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. The most common complication is intestinal obstruction. Mesalazine is less effective on small bowel Crohn's disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Crohn Disease/drug therapy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Ileum , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Intestine, Small
10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1103-1110, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of probiotics combined with applied behavior analysis (ABA) in the treatment of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#A total of 41 children with ASD who attended the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University from May 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled and randomly divided into an observation group with 21 children and a control group with 20 children. The children in the observation group were given oral probiotics combined with ABA intervention, while those in the control group were given ABA intervention alone. The treatment outcomes were compared between the two groups. Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) was used to evaluate the severity of behavioral symptoms in both groups before intervention and at 3 months after intervention. The fecal samples were collected to analyze the difference in intestinal flora between the two groups based on 16s rRNA high-throughput sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Before intervention, there was no significant difference in the ATEC score between the observation and control groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Probiotics may improve the effect of conventional ABA intervention in children with ASD by regulating intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Applied Behavior Analysis , Autism Spectrum Disorder/therapy , Probiotics , Prospective Studies , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1775-1779, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the regulatory function of RNA binding motif protein 38 (RBM38) in human acute myeloid leukemia cells HL-60 and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The lentivirus carriers of overexpressed and knockdown RBM38 were constructed. After HL-60 cells were transfected, Western blot was used to analyze the expression level of RBM38 in HL-60 cells. The cell proliferation and cycle of HL-60 were detected by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry assay, respectively. RNA immunoprecipitation coupled real-time PCR (RIP-qPCR) was used to detect the combination of RBM38 with mRNAs. Actinomycin D treatment followed by real-time PCR (AcD-qPCR) was used to detect the effect of RBM38 on the stability of target mRNAs.@*RESULTS@#RBM38 in HL-60 cells was overexpressed or inhibited by lentivirus transduction. Overexpressed RBM38 promoted the cell cycle and proliferation of HL-60, while RBM38 knockdown repressed the two processes. RBM38 showed an interaction with FZD1 mRNA and enhancement of its stability.@*CONCLUSION@#RBM38 can regulate cell proliferation of HL-60 by improving the stability of FZD1 mRNA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Proliferation , Frizzled Receptors , HL-60 Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , RNA Stability , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1094-1101, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941406

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous closure of ventricular septal rupture (VSR) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the risk factors of all-cause mortality at 30 days after operation. Methods: This is a retrospective case series study. A total of 69 patients with post-AMI VSR, underwent percutaneous closure of VSR from October 2013 to May 2020 in Department of Cardiology of Henan Provincial People's Hospital and Department of Cardiology of Central China Fuwai Hospital, were included. Patients were divided into survival group (53 cases) and non-survival group (16 cases) according to the status at 30 days after operation. Clinical data were collected and analyzed during hospitalization. Telephone follow-up was performed 30 days after operation. The primary safety endpoint was occlusion failure and all-cause mortality at 30 days post operation. The secondary safety endpoint was the operation related or non-operation related complications. Efficacy endpoint included NYHA classification of cardiac function, index measured by right heart catheterization and echocardiography. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to analyze the risk factors of all-cause mortality at 30 days after operation. Results: A total of 69 patients, aged 67 (64, 71) years, including 42 women (60.9%), were enrolled in this study. All-cause death occurred in 16 patients (23.2%), including 13 in-hospital death and 3 death during follow-up. There were 4 cases of closure failure (5.8%). Among the 65 patients with successful closure, 12 (18.5%) experienced operation-related complications, among which 8 (12.3%) experienced valve injury. The mortality was significantly higher in patients with operation-related complications than that in patients without operation-related complications (41.7% (5/12) vs. 13.2% (7/53), P = 0.022). One case received percutaneous closure of VSR and PCI, this patient experienced new-onset AMI immediately post procedure and died thereafter (1.5%). One case (1.5%) developed multiple organ failure and 2 cases (3.1%) developed gastrointestinal bleeding post operation. All of the 65 patients with successful occlusion completed postoperative echocardiography, 56 patients completed cardiac function assessment at discharge, and 53 patients who survived up to 30 days post discharge completed clinical follow up by telephone. The NYHA cardiac function at discharge and 30 days after operation were significantly improved as compared to that before operation (P<0.001), the ratio of NYHA Ⅰ and Ⅱ patients was significantly higher post operation at these two time points as compared to baseline level (76.8% (43/56) vs. 23.1% (15/65), P<0.001, 77.4% (41/53) vs. 23.1% (15/65), P<0.001). The pulmonary circulation/systemic circulation blood flow ratio (Qp/Qs), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVDd) were decreased, aortic systolic pressure (ASP) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were increased post operation (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that WBC>9.8×109/L (OR=20.94, 95%CI 1.21-362.93, P=0.037) and NT-ProBNP>6 000 ng/L (OR=869.11, 95%CI 2.93-258 058.34, P=0.020) were the independent risk factors of mortality at 30 days. Conclusions: Percutaneous closure in VSR after AMI is safe and effective. The increase of WBC and NT-ProBNP are the independent risk factors of all-cause mortality at 30 days after operation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Aftercare , Hospital Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Patient Discharge , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Septal Rupture/surgery
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 80-85, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of anterior cervical Hybrid surgery in the treatment of cervical degenerative diseases (CDD) and observe the incidence of heterotopic ossification of disc replacement segment at 1 year after surgery.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to April 2018, 35 patients who received anterior cervical hybrid surgery met the inclusion and exclusion criteria and the complete clinical follow up data were analyzed retrospectively. Complete imaging follow-up data were obtained from 24 patients. There were 15 males and 20 females, aged from 39 to 70(55.57±7.73) years old. The amount of bleeding was for 20 to 100 (40.29±18.39) ml, and the hospitalstay was for 4 to 28(11.03±4.63) days, and the follow-up time was(12.97±1.36) months. Clinical outcomes were assessed by the Tanaka Yasushi cervical spondylitis symptom scale 20 score (YT20), and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score. The occurrence of heterotopic ossification after Hybrid surgery was evaluated by X-ray according to McAfee standard one year after operation. Patients with or without heterotopic ossificationwere divided into two groups and their clinical effects were compared.@*RESULTS@#At the final follow up, the mean YT20 score and JOA score were significantly higher than those before operation (P <0.05), and the average improvement rate of JOA was (70.66 ±0.44)%. One year after operation, the heterotopic ossification occurred in 10 of 24 segments, with incidence of 41.70%(10/24), including 29.20% in gradeⅠand 12.50% in gradeⅡ. The results of clinical efficacy comparison between patients with and without heterotopic ossification were as follows:there was no significant difference in JOA score before and after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#The short-term clinical effect of Hybrid surgery is satisfactory for cervical degenerative diseases, and the cause of heterotopic ossification still needs tobe further explored.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Total Disc Replacement , Treatment Outcome
14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1004-1007, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876744

ABSTRACT

@#Mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs)are pluripotent stem cells which are derived from avariety of tissues and have the potential for multidirectional cell differentiation and self-cell renewal. They can play a therapeutic effect on a variety of eye diseases. Studies have shown that the biological functions of MSCs are closely related to their secreted exosomes(MSC-Exo). Compared with MSCs, the biological performance of MSC-EXO is more stable and non-tumorigenic. Therefore, MSC-EXO is expected to be an effective substitute for the biological function of MSCs. In this paper, the application progress of MSC-EXO in ocular diseases is discussed in order to provide ideas and reference for the treatment of MSC-EXO in ocular diseases.

15.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 438-443, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect and clinical significance of unilateral and bilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) combined with hyperextension reduction in the treatment of fresh osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF).Methods:The clinical data of OVCF patients treated in Beijing Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.A total of 62 patients were included.According to the surgical approach, 62 patients were divided into unilateral puncture approach group and bilateral puncture approach group, with 31 cases in each group.The patients in the unilateral puncture group were treated with limb hyperextension reduction combined with unilateral PKP.In the bilateral puncture approach group, limb hyperextension reduction combined with bilateral PKP was used.The changes of visual analogue pain scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), vertebral anterior height, vertebral midline height and Cobb angle were observed and compared before operation, 1 day and 2 weeks after operation.At the same time, the operation time, intraoperative fluoroscopy times, intraoperative bone cement injection and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.Results:The VAS scores of patients in the unilateral puncture approach group before operation, 1 day and 2 weeks after operation were (8.10±0.17), (2.20±0.26) and (1.90±0.39), respectively.The scores of bilateral puncture approach group were (8.10±0.13), (2.30±0.26) and (2.00±0.30), respectively.The results of repeated measurement ANOVA showed that F intra-group=13 790.444, P<0.001, F inter-group=1.951, P=0.168, F interaction=0.735, P=0.481.There were significant differences in VAS scores between the two groups 1 day and 2 weeks after operation (all P<0.05). There was significant difference in VAS score between the two groups 1 day after operation and 2 weeks after operation (all P<0.05). The ODI scores of patients in the unilateral puncture group before operation, 1 day and 2 weeks after operation were (40.30±5.30), (23.20±3.40), (22.30±4.49) points respectively, and those in the bilateral puncture group were (41.00±4.49), (21.90±2.48), (20.70±5.70) points, respectively.The results of repeated measurement ANOVA showed that F intra-group=339.046, P<0.001, F inter-group=1.385, P=0.244, F interaction=1.083, P=0.342.There were significant differences in ODI scores between the two groups 1 day and 2 weeks after operation (all P<0.05). There was significant difference in ODI score between the two groups 1 day after operation and 2 weeks after operation (all P<0.05). The anterior height of vertebral body in unilateral puncture group was (18.26±2.40), (21.97±1.17), (22.03±1.35) mm before operation, 1 day and 2 weeks after operation, and that in bilateral puncture group was (18.94±1.80), (22.06±2.79), (20.29±1.19) mm.The results of repeated measurement ANOVA showed that F intra-group=51.228, P<0.001, F inter-group=1.594, P=0.212, F interaction=6.452, P=0.002.There were significant differences in the anterior vertebral height between the two groups 1 day and 2 weeks after operation (all P<0.05). The height of vertebral midline in the unilateral puncture group was (17.97±2.14), (26.13±1.43), (26.00±1.79) mm before operation, 1 day and 2 weeks after operation, and in the bilateral puncture group was (18.84±1.77), (24.74±1.77), (24.68±2.06) mm.The results of repeated measurement ANOVA showed that F intra-group=358.837, P<0.001, F inter-group=3.850, P=0.054, F interaction=9.117, P<0.001.There were significant differences in the height of vertebral midline between the two groups 1 day and 2 weeks after operation (all P<0.05). The Cobb angles in the unilateral puncture group were (21.74±2.11)°, (11.77±1.91)° and (10.94±1.12)° before operation, 1 day and 2 weeks after operation, respectively, and in the bilateral puncture group were (22.13±2.50)° and (12.0±2.38)° and (11.71±1.37°, respectively.The results of repeated measurement ANOVA showed that F intra-group=674.732, P<0.001, F inter-group=1.975, P=0.165, F interaction=0.376, P=0.688.There were significant differences in Cobb angle between the two groups 1 day and 2 weeks after operation (all P<0.05). There were significant differences in operation time ((52.0±3.8) min and (67.0±6.7) min), intraoperative fluoroscopy times ((15.0±5.8) times and (32.0±6.1) times), and bone cement injection volume ((4.6±0.3) mL and (5.0±0.1) mL) between unilateral puncture approach group and bilateral puncture approach group (all P<0.001). Conclusion:Unilateral and bilateral PKP combined with hyperextension reduction can alleviate the pain of OVCF, restore the lost vertebral height and correct kyphosis.The unilateral puncture approach PKP combined with hyperextension reduction has the advantages of shorter operation time, concise operation process, fewer times of intraoperative fluoroscopy and less use of bone cement.

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Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 143-148, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867986

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of shear wave elastography(SWE) in assessing the degree of hepatics fibrosis in children with biliary atresia before Kasai portoenterostomy.Methods:From January 2017 to January 2018, 49 cases of children in Hunan Children′s Hospital with highly suspected biliary atresia in clinical were collected. The stiffness of the lower segment of right anterior lobe of the liver in all cases was assessed using SWE in 3 days before Kasai portoenterostomy. Pathological results of liver tissue specimens from the lower edge of the right liver during the surgery was taken as the gold standard. The correlation between the liver stiffness and the hepatics fibrosis was analyzed using Spearman correlation analysis. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were created to assess the area under curve (AUC), the best cutoff value, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of the liver stiffness in diagnosing hepatocirrhosis.Results:All of the 49 cases were confirmed by surgery and pathology. According to the stages of hepatics fibrosis, 5 cases were in stage S2, 23 cases in stage S3, 21 cases in stage S4, and no cases of stage S0 and S1. Spearman correlation analysis showed that the correlation coefficient between the liver stiffness and the stages of hepatics fibrosis was 0.779( P<0.001). The area under the curve of the liver stiffness in diagnosing cirrhosis was 0.914. When the cutoff value was 14.45 kPa, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy were 85.7%, 89.3%, 85.7%, 89.3%, 87.8%, respectively. Conclusions:The liver stiffness measured by SWE is positively correlated with the stages of hepatic fibrosis, and the performance of SWE in the diagnosis of cirrhosis is remarkable. SWE can be used to evaluate the stages of hepatics fibrosis in children with biliary atresia before Kasai portoenterostomy.

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Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3943-3946, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847313

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BACKGROUND: Repair materials for bone tissue engineering should hold good biocompatibility and degradability. There are various related studies, but the Chinese medicine composite cellular bioscaffolds are little reported. OBJECTIVE: To detect the in vitro cytotoxicity of rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells-cuttlebone bioscaffold based on the Biological Evaluation of Medical Device, and assess its cytotoxicity level in order to provide the theoretical support for its clinical application. METHODS: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells-cuttlebone bioscaffold extract was prepared according to an ISO standard — material area: extraction medium volume = 3-6 cm2:1 mL. L-929 cell suspension was prepared, and the cells were then cultured with a density of 1×107/L. There were three groups: positive group (DMEM medium containing phenol), experimental group (material extract), and negative group (DMEM culture medium). The absorbance value of L-929 cells was detected by MTT assay after 24, 48 and 72 hours of culture. The relative proliferation rate of cells was then calculated and the toxicity level was valued in each group. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The absorbance values in the experimental, negative and positive groups were not exactly same at different time points (P=0.000 < 0.01). The absorbance values in the experimental and negative groups were significantly higher than those in the positive group (P < 0.01).The cytotoxicity of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells-cuttlebone bioscaffold was grade 1. To conclude, the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells-cuttlebone bioscaffold has no obvious toxic effects, and meets the requirements of biomaterial application.

18.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 911-915, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813070

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) and endoscopic stricturotomy with needle knife (NKSt) in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD)-relevant strictures. 
 Methods: From July 2015 to September 2018, 14 patients undergoing double balloon-enteroscopy at the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were enrolled. There was a total of 16 lesions. Endoscopic intervention was performed for 16 times. EBD was done for 11 times, and 5 stricturotomies were carried out. Regular follow-up and examinations were done to observe whether there was remission or recurrence of clinical symptoms and replacement surgery.
 Results: All 14 patients were successfully treated by endoscopy, and the success rate was 100%. Postoperative clinical symptoms were alleviated, and serious complications, such as perforation or hemorrhaging, did not occur. Obstructive symptoms were effectively alleviated at a median follow-up of 26.1 months (5.9-35.3 months) and 8.3 months (1.6-17.8 months) for patients with balloon dilatation and stricturotomy, respectively. Two patients presented with symptoms of obstruction. These were given conservative symptomatic treatment without surgical intervention.
 Conclusion: Enteroscopic treatments (EBD and NKSt) are safe and effective for intestinal strictures, and can prolong the time before surgical intervention is needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Constriction, Pathologic , Double-Balloon Enteroscopy , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Treatment Outcome
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 263-267, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278684

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<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study and analyse the application of ELISA and nucleic acid test (NAT) to HBV detection of voluntary blood donors in Qingyang city and the characteristics and social attributes of HBV positive population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The HBV of 70 659 blood donors in Qingyang city from January 2013 to December 2016 was detected by using ELISA and NAT, and the statistical analysis of results was performed by means of Xdetection and FIsher' s Exact test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The HBV positive rate detected by ELISA was 0.47% in 70 659 blood samples, and the HBV positive rate detected by NAT was 0.05% in 47 913 HBV negative samples detected by ELISA, moreover, the number of HBV negative by ELISA detection yet HBV positive by NAT detection increased year by year. The statistical analysis of positive population characteristics showed that the age distoibution was mainly between 26-45 years old, however the difference of detected rate between 26-45 years old and 18-25 years old gradually decreased on near 2 years, showing that the positive population tended to be younger. The distribution of blood type was B>O>A>AB, while the sex distribution was male> female, but this difference showed gradually nairowing trend due to increment of female voluntary donors with HBV positive; for marital status, HBV positive concentrated in married population. The regional distribution of HBV positive mainly concentrated in Xifeng region, mainly in jobless population; the HBV positive comparison betwwen anationalities showed Han natienatity was > minoring nationalitie.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The application of ELISA combined with NAT for the HBV screaning of blood voluntary donors in Qiangyang city can prevent the detection failed and occult HBV, and reduce the potential risk of blood transfution. The characteristis analysis of HBV positive population provides practical basis for the safe use and transfution of blood.</p>

20.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 573-576, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692709

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Objective To evaluate the role of thrombus elastograph (TEG) in evaluating the coagulation function of patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods Totally 116 cases of patients with acute ischemic stroke and 116 cases of health physical examination people from our hospital were selected as case group and control group.The blood clotting index and thrombelastogram index of the groups were detected.Results In case group of acute phase,fibrinogen (FIB),two D-dimer (D-D),maximum blood clot strength (MA),0.5 h blood clot reduction rate of MA (LY30),alpha angle,integrated coagulation index (CI) and blood clot strength (G) were significantly higher than those of control group and the recovery period group.The difference was statistically significant(P<0.01).In cases of acute phase,activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT),prothrombin time (PT),PT-INR,reaction time (R),clot formation time (K value) were significantly lower than those in the healthy control group and the recovery period cases,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01).MA,LY30,α Angle and CI were negatively correlated with PT,APTT,PT-INR,and were positively correlated with FIB,D-D(P<0.05);R value,K value were positively correlated with PT,APTT,PT-INR,and were negatively correlated with FIB,D-D(P< 0.05).Conclusion TEG plays a significant role in monitoring and evaluating coagulation function in patients with acute ischemic stroke,and has important evaluation effect on the prognosis of disease.It is worthy of clinical application.

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