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1.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 485-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995315

ABSTRACT

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted pathogens. It can cause a variety of diseases such as condyloma acuminatum, anal cancer, penile cancer and oropharyngeal cancer in men, resulting in a high disease burden. With the development of society, the application of HPV vaccines in males has attracted more attention. Currently, there are many clinical trials and real-world research results of HPV vaccines applied to boys and men worldwide, and many countries have introduced HPV vaccination for underage boys into their national immunization programs. This article intended to review the research progress in the efficacy of HPV vaccines in male population.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 45-53, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973744

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effects of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, and their combination on slow transit constipation via PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1)/Parkin pathway-mediated mitophagy. MethodFifty-six male SD rats were randomly assigned into normal group, model group, natural recovery group, Aurantii Fructus Immaturus group, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma group, Aurantii Fructus Immaturus combined with Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma group, and mosapride group, with 8 rats in each group. Slow transit constipation model was established by gavage with loperamide (3 mg·kg-1·d-1) for 14 days in other groups except the normal group. After successful modeling, except that the model group was continuously induced by loperamide, the normal group and the natural recovery group were administrated with 0.9% normal saline by gavage, and the rats in the Aurantii Fructus Immaturus (1.35 g·kg-1·d-1) group, the Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma (2.7 g·kg-1·d-1) group, the Aurantii Fructus Immaturus combined with Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma (4.05 g·kg-1·d-1) group, and the mosapride (1.56 mg·kg-1·d-1) group were administrated with corresponding drugs by gavage for 7 days. The amount of feces, fecal water content, and intestinal propulsion rate of rats were determined. The pathological changes of the colon were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and Alcian blue-periodic acid-Schiff (AB-PAS) staining. The activity of respiratory chain complex and the ultrastructure of the colon tissue were determined by ultraviolet spectrophotometry and observed by transmission electron microscopy, respectively. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) was employed to determine the mRNA levels of PINK1, Parkin, and p62, and Western blot to determine the protein levels of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), PINK1, and Parkin. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group and the natural recovery group showed decreases in the amount of feces, fecal water content, intestinal propulsion rate (P<0.05,P<0.01), and activities of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ in the colon tissue (P<0.05,P<0.01). Further, the mRNA levels of PINK1 and Parkin and the protein levels of PINK1, Parkin, and LC3 were up-regulated (P<0.01) and the mRNA level of p62 was down-regulated in the model group (P<0.05) and the natural recovery group. Compared with the model group and the natural recovery group, the Aurantii Fructus Immaturus combined with Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma group showed increased amount of feces, fecal water content, intestinal propulsion rate, and activities of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ (P<0.05,P<0.01). Moreover, the combination meliorated the degree of mitochondrial swelling in the colon tissue, down-regulated the mRNA levels of PINK1 and Parkin and the protein levels of PINK1, Parkin, and LC3 (P<0.05,P<0.01), and up-regulated the mRNA level of p62 (P<0.05). ConclusionAurantii Fructus Immaturus and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, and their combination may remedy the colonic motility disorders in rats with slow transit constipation by blocking PINK1/Parkin signaling pathway to inhibit the excessive mitophagy in interstitial cells of Cajal in the colon tissue.

3.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 174-179, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989796

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value and prognosis effect of calprotectin on acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with sepsis.Methods:A prospective observational study was conducted. From December 2018 to November 2020, patients with sepsis admitted to the Emergency Department of China Rehabilitation Research Center were enrolled. General clinical data of patients were collected continuously, and the acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ (APACHEⅡ) score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score and calprotectin were evaluated in 24 h after admission. The patients were divided into the AKI group and non-AKI group according to the occurrence of AKI within 7 days after admission. Calprotectin level and other clinical data were compared between the two groups. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for AKI in patients with sepsis, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the predictive value of calprotectin for AKI in patients with sepsis. The patients with AKI were further divided into the survival group and death group according to the 28-day outcome, and the calprotectin levels between the two groups were compared.Results:A total of 207 patients with sepsis were enrolled, and the incidence of AKI was 68.12% (141/207). The level of calprotectin in patients with AKI was higher than that in patients without AKI [4.65 (3.25, 5.61) μg/mL vs. 3.42 (2.29, 4.09) μg/mL, P < 0.001]. Multivariable Logistic regression analysis showed that APACHEⅡ score ( OR=1.090, 95% CI: 1.043-1.139), C-reactive protein ( OR=1.004, 95% CI: 1.001-1.008) and calprotectin ( OR=1.590, 95% CI: 1.269-1.991) were independent risk factors for AKI in patients with sepsis. The area under ROC curve (AUC) of calprotectin for predicting AKI was 0.716 (95% CI: 0.643-0.788). The cutoff value of prediction was 4.63 μg/mL with the Yoden index of 0.405, which yielded a sensitivity of 0.511 and a specificity of 0.894. When calprotectin was combined with APACHE II score and SOFA score respectively, the predictive ability was significantly improved with the AUC of 0.768 (95% CI: 0.701-0.834) and 0.769 (95% CI: 0.701-0.837), respectively. We further divided patients with AKI into the survival group and non-survival group according to the 28-day outcome and there was no significant difference in calprotectin between the two groups [4.80 (3.40, 5.76) μg/mL vs. 4.19 (2.89, 5.29) μg/mL, P < 0.05]. Conclusions:The level of calprotectin in the AKI group is higher than that in the non-AKI group. Calprotectin can be regarded as an effective predictor of AKI in patients with sepsis, and the combination with APACHEⅡ score or SOFA score will improve its predictive efficacy. However, there is no significant difference in the concentration of calprotectin for patients with sepsis associated AKI with different prognosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1210-1215, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954542

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of mid-regional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) on poor prognosis of low-risk patients with sepsis.Methods:This was a prospective cohort study. Patients with sepsis admitted to the Emergency Intensive Care Unit of China Rehabilitation Research Center from December 2018 to December 2020 were included in this study. The patients were divided into the low-risk group (SOFA≤7) and medium-high-risk group (SOFA>7) according to the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, and the clinical characteristics of the two groups were compared. Proportional hazards regression model (COX regression model) was used to investigate the risk factors of 28-day mortality in the low-risk and medium-high-risk group. The predictive ability of MR-proADM, C-reactive protein (CRP), lactic acid (Lac), interleukin-6 (IL-6), SOFA score, and acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ (APACHE Ⅱ) score for the prognosis in each group was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The outcomes of patients with different concentration of MR-proADM in the low-risk group were compared.Results:Totally 205 patients with sepsis were included, and the 28-day mortality was 41.0% (84/205). There were significant differences in the number of organ dysfunction, acute kidney injury, use of vasoactive drugs, Lac, IL-6, SOFA score and APACHEⅡ score between the two groups ( P<0.05). Cox regression model showed that age, MR-proADM, mechanical ventilation, IL-6 and APACHEⅡ score were the risk factors of 28-day death in the low-risk group, while MR-proADM, Lac, SOFA score and APACHEⅡ score were the risk factors of 28-day mortality in the medium-high-risk group. In each group, MR-proADM had a good predictive ability for the prognosis of patients with sepsis ( P<0.001). Especially in low-risk patients with sepsis, the predictive ability of MR-proADM was better than other indicators. Kaplan-Meier survival curve suggested that the patients with MR-proADM >2.53 nmol/L had worse prognosis than those with MR-proADM ≤2.53 nmol/L, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001). In the low-risk group, the mortality of patients increased from 7.8% to 58.2% if MR-proADM >2.53 nmol/L. Conclusions:MR-proADM is a risk factor for 28-day mortality in patients with sepsis, and MR-proADM can early identify the poor prognosis of low-risk patients with sepsis.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 245-249, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931857

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of nutritional indexes including body mass index (BMI), albumin (ALB), nutrition risk screening 2002 (NRS 2002) and the nutrition risk in critically ill score (NUTRIC) in 28-day prognosis of patients with sepsis related acute kidney injury (AKI).Methods:A prospective cohort study was conducted. Patients with sepsis treated in the emergency intensive care unit (EICU) of China Rehabilitation Research Center from December 1, 2018 to December 1, 2020 were observed for 7 days. Patients with sepsis related AKI were enrolled in this study. The gender, age, BMI, basic diseases, shock, number of affected organs, length of hospital stay, ALB, mechanical ventilation (MV) and vasoactive drug use, sequential organ failure score (SOFA), rapid sequential organ failure score (qSOFA) and acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ(APACHEⅡ) were recorded. The NRS 2002 score and NUTRIC score were calculated. Cox regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of 28-day mortality in patients with sepsis related AKI. The receiver operator characteristic curves (ROC curves) were drawn and the areas under the ROC curves (AUC) were calculated, and the value of BMI, ALB, NRS 2002 score and NUTRIC score was analyzed to predict 28-day mortality in patients with sepsis related AKI. Kaplan Meier survival curves were used to analyze the effects of NRS 2002 score and NUTRIC score stratification on the 28 day prognosis of patients with sepsis related AKI.Results:A total of 140 patients with sepsis related AKI were enrolled, including 73 survival patients and 67 died patients within 28 days. The 28-day mortality was 47.9% (67/140). BMI in the survival group was significantly higher than that in the death group [kg/m 2: 22.0 (19.5, 25.6) vs. 20.7 (17.3, 23.9), P < 0.05], and NRS 2002 score and NUTRIC score were significantly lower than those in the death group [NRS 2002 score: 5 (4, 6) vs. 7 (6, 7), NUTRIC score: 6 (5, 7) vs. 7 (6, 9), both P < 0.05]. The ALB of the survival group was slightly higher than that of the death group, but the difference was not statistically significant. Cox regression analysis showed that NRS 2002 score and NUTRIC score were independent risk factors for 28-day death in patients with sepsis related AKI. ROC curve analysis showed that NUTRIC score had the strongest predictive ability for 28-day death [AUC = 0.785, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.708-0.850], followed by NRS 2002 score (AUC = 0.728, 95% CI was 0.647-0.800), but there was no significant difference between them. Compared with NRS 2002 score, the predictive ability of BMI and ALB was poor. Kaplan-Meier curve analysis showed that the prognosis of patients with NRS 2002 score≥5 was significantly worse than that of patients with NRS 2002 score < 5 (28-day cumulative survival rate: 42.1% vs. 75.6%, Log-Rank test: 2 = 11.884, P = 0.001), and the prognosis of patients with NUTRIC score≥6 was significantly worse than that of patients with NUTRIC score < 6 (28-day cumulative survival rate: 40.4% vs. 86.1%, Log-Rank test: 2 = 19.026, P = 0.000). Conclusions:Patients with sepsis related AKI have high nutritional risk. Both NRS 2002 score and NUTRIC score have good predictive value for the prognosis of patients with sepsis related AKI, while BMI and ALB have low predictive value. Due to the complex calculation of NUTRIC score, NRS 2002 score may be more suitable for emergency department.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 410-415, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883898

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of NEMO binding domain peptide (NBDP) on lung inflammation and apoptosis in mice with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and its mechanism.Methods:Thirty-six male BALB/c mice were divided into normal saline (NS) control group, ARDS model group, NBDP negative control group and 6, 12 and 18 μg NBDP pretreatment group by random number table method, with 6 mice in each group. ARDS mouse model was reproduced by aerosol inhalation lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 50 μL. An equivalent among of NS was inhaled in NS control group. The mice in NBDP negative control group were inhaled the materials similar to the non-functional NBDP 30 minutes before the aerosol inhalation LPS; 6, 12 and 18 μg of NBDP 50 μL were respectively inhaled in NBDP pretreatment groups. After inhalation of LPS for 6 hours, mice were sacrificed to get lung tissue and observe the degree of pathological injury and edema. Western blotting was used to detect the phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathway related proteins [NF-κB inhibitor (IκB) kinaseα/β(IKKα/β), IκBα and NF-κB p65; p-IKKα/β, p-IκBα, p-p65] and the expression of caspase-3 in lung tissue. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected and the levels of inflammatory markers such as myeloperoxidase (MPO), interleukins (IL-1β, IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:ARDS model group had severe edema and hemorrhage, alveolar structure destruction, pulmonary hemorrhage and hyaline membrane formation etc. under light microscope, consistent with the pathological characteristics of ARDS lung tissue, suggesting that the ARDS model was successfully reproduced. ELISA showed that MPO, IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α levels of BALF in ARDS model group were obviously higher than those in NS control group. There were no significant differences in the above inflammatory indicators between NBDP negative control group and ARDS model group. The levels of MPO, IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α in NBDP pretreatment groups were significantly lower than those in ARDS model group in a dose-dependent manner, especially in 18 μg NBDP, the differences were statistically significant as compared with ARDS model group [MPO (ng/L): 393.32±19.35 vs. 985.87±101.50, IL-1β (ng/L): 43.05±5.11 vs. 97.68±10.88, IL-8 (ng/L): 84.64±2.32 vs. 204.00±17.37, TNF-α (ng/L): 229.13±17.03 vs. 546.73±62.72, all P < 0.05]. Western blotting showed that p-IKKα/β, p-IκBα, p-p65 and caspase-3 protein expressions in ARDS model group were significantly higher than those in NS control group. There was no significant difference in above NF-κB pathway and apoptosis-related protein expression between the NBDP negative control group and ARDS model group. The p-IKKα/β, p-IκBα, p-p65 and caspase-3 protein expression in NBDP pretreatment groups were significantly lower than those in ARDS model group in a dose-dependent manner, especially in 18 μg NBDP, the differences were statistically significant as compared with ARDS model group [p-IKKα/β protein (p-IKKα/β/β-actin): 0.15±0.02 vs. 0.42±0.04, p-IκBα protein (p-IκBα/β-actin): 0.10±0.01 vs. 0.93±0.30, p-p65 protein (p-p65/β-actin): 0.22±0.05 vs. 1.37±0.21, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion:NBDP can inhibit inflammatory response and apoptosis in ARDS lung tissue in a dose-dependent manner, and its mechanism is associated with interference NF-κB signaling pathway transduction.

7.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 222-228, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879957

ABSTRACT

Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory oral mucosal disease with unclear etiology. Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) is a type of autoimmune disease characterized by increased thyroid-specific antibodies. In recent years, more and more studies have found that the incidence of AITD is increased in OLP patients. The occurrence and development of OLP and AITD may be related to the expression of thyroid autoantigen in oral keratinocytes, the imbalance of thyroid hormone (Th)1/Th2 and Th17/Treg cell subsets, the abnormal quantity and function of follicular helper T cells and chemokines and the specific killing ability of CD8 T cells to target cells. In this article, the possible immune mechanisms involved in the coexistence of OLP and AITD are reviewed to provide insights for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of these two diseases from the perspective of immunology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoimmune Diseases/complications , Hashimoto Disease , Lichen Planus, Oral/complications , Mouth Mucosa , Th17 Cells
8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2150-2155, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908219

ABSTRACT

This article aims to summarize the significance of the establishment of human milk banks, the status of human milk banks in mainland China, analyze the relevant factors that affect the development of human milk banks, and propose corresponding countermeasures to provide a reference for improving the status of human milk banks in mainland China and promoting sustainable development.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1409-1413, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a clinical diagnostic scoring system for septic cardiomyopathy (SCM) and evaluate its diagnostic efficacy.Methods:A prospective cohort study was performed. Patients with sepsis and septic shock admitted to the department of emergency of China Rehabilitation Research Center were enrolled from January 2019 to December 2020. The baseline information, medical history, heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), body temperature and respiratory rate (RR) on admission were recorded. Laboratory indexes such as white blood cell count (WBC), hypersensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and blood lactic acid (Lac) were measured. Transthoracic echocardiography was conducted within 24 hours and on the 7th after admission. Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ(APACHEⅡ), and nutritional risk screening 2002 scale (NRS2002) were also assessed. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether SCM occurred or not. The risk factors of SCM were screened by univariate and multivariate Logistic regression. The cut-off value of continuous index was determined by receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) and discretized concerning clinical data. The regression coefficient β was used to establish the corresponding score, and the clinical diagnostic score system of SCM was established. The diagnostic value of the model was evaluated by ROC curve.Results:In total, 147 patients were enrolled in the study and the incidence of SCM was 28.6% (42/147). Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed the risk factors of SCM included: ① continuous indicators: age, NT-proBNP, RR, MAP, Lac, NRS2002, SOFA, APACHEⅡ; ② discrete indicators: shock, use of vasoactive drugs, history of coronary heart disease, acute kidney injury (AKI). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis after discretization of above continuous index showed that age≥87 years old, NT-proBNP≥3 000 ng/L, RR≥30 times/min, Lac≥3 mmol/L and SOFA≥10 points were independent risk factors for SCM [age ≥87 years: odds ratio ( OR) = 3.491, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.371-8.893, P = 0.009; NT-proBNP≥3 000 ng/L: OR = 2.708, 95% CI was 1.093-6.711, P = 0.031; RR≥30 times/min: OR = 3.404, 95% CI was 1.356-8.541, P = 0.009; Lac≥3 mmol/L: OR = 3.572, 95% CI was 1.460-8.739, P = 0.005; SOFA≥10 points: OR = 8.693, 95% CI was 2.541-29.742, P = 0.001]. The clinical diagnostic score system of SCM was established successfully, which was composed of age≥87 years old (1 point), NT-proBNP ≥ 3 000 ng/L(1 point), RR≥30 times/min (1 point), Lac≥3.0 mmol/L (1 point), SOFA≥10 points (2 points), and the total score was 6 points. ROC curve analysis showed the cut-off value of the scoring system for diagnosing SCM was 3 points, the area under ROC curve (AUC) was 0.833, 95% CI was 0.755-0.910, P < 0.001, with the sensitivity of 71.4%, and specificity of 86.7%. Conclusion:The clinical diagnostic scoring system has good diagnostic efficacy for SCM and contributes to early identification of SCM for clinicians.

10.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 792-796, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of comprehensive rehabilitation training in a group on the speech and life quality of stroke survivors with dysarthria.Methods:Stroke survivors with dysarthria were randomly divided into an observation group (of 43) and a control group (of 41). In addition to routine medication, the control group was given 30 minutes of one-to-one rehabilitation training twice a day, 6 days a week for 4 weeks while the observation group was provided with 30 minutes of group training. Before and after the intervention, both groups were evaluated using the comprehensive dysarthria assessment scale and the WHOQOL-100 life quality assessment.Results:After the treatment, both groups′ average scores on the comprehensive assessment scale had improved significantly. Except for jaw positioning, all of the observation group′s other scores were significantly better than those of the control group, on average. The observation group also performed significantly better on the WHOQOL-100 assessment, on average.Conclusions:Group rehabilitation training can improve the speech function and life quality of stroke survivors with dysarthria significantly better than one-to-one training.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 214-220, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744700

ABSTRACT

Objective? To?systematically?analyze?the?effect?of?haemoperfusion?(HP)?combined?with?continuous?veno-veno?haemofiltration?(CVVH)?in?the?treatment?of?the?patients?with?paraquat?poisoning?(PQP).? Methods? Words?of?paraquat,?poisoning,?continuous?venous?hemofiltration,?hemoperfusion,?hemodiafiltration?in?Chinese?and?paraquat,?poisoning,?intoxication,?haemofiltration,?continuous?venovenous?haemofiltration,?haemoperfusion?in?English?were?chosen?as?keywords,?the?Chinese?and?English?literatures?about?acute?PQP?treated?with?HP?combined?with?CVVH?published?in?Wanfang?database,?CNKI,?CBM,?VIP?database,?PubMed,?Embase,?Cochrane?Library?were?searched?by?computer,?and?the?retrieval?time?was?from?the?establishment?of?the?database?to?July?2018.?The?experimental?group?was?treated?with?HP?combined?with?CVVH,?while?the?control?group?was?treated?with?HP?alone.?Besides,?the?outcome?indicators?included?mortality,?survival?time?of?dead?patients?(the?patient's?time?from?exposure?to?poison?to?death),?serum?creatinine?(SCr),?alanine?aminotransferase?(ALT),?arterial?partial?pressure?of?oxygen?(PaO2),?and?incidence?of?circulatory?and?respiratory?failure.?The?literature?data?were?extracted?by?two?researchers?independently,?the?quality?of?the?literature?was?evaluated? according?to?the?modified?Jadad?score?table?or?Newcastle-Ottawa?scale?(NOS),?and?the?Meta-analysis?was?carried?out?by?RevMan?5.3?software;?and?the?stability?of?the?results?of?Meta-analysis?was?tested?by?sensitivity?analysis.?Further,?the?publication?bias?was?analyzed?through?drawing?a?funnel?diagram.? Results? Finally,?20?articles?were?included,?with?18?in??Chinese?and?2?in?English.?Among?them,?6?were?randomized?controlled?trial?(RCT)?and?14?were?case-control?studies.?Furthermore,?a?total?of?2?870?patients?were?involved,?with?1?558?in?the?control?group?and?1?312?in?the?experimental?group.?Meta-analysis?showed?that?the?mortality?rate?of?patients?in?the?experimental?group?was?significantly?lower?than?that?in?the?control?group?[odds?ratio?(OR)?=?0.55,?95%?confidence?interval?(95%CI)?=?0.42?to?0.73,?P <?0.000?1],?the?patients'?time?from?toxin?exposure?to?death?was?significantly?longer?than?that?in?the?control?group?[standard?mean?difference?(SMD)?=?2.16,?95%CI?=?1.46?to?2.86,?P?<?0.000?01).?In?the?course?of?treatment,?the?peak?value?of?SCr?in?the?experimental?group?was?significantly?lower?than?that?in?the?control?group?(SMD?=?-0.53,?95%CI?=?-0.65?to?-0.42,?P?<?0.000?01),?and?the?peak?value?of?ALT?was?also?decreased?(SMD =?-0.72,?95%CI?=?-0.99?to?-0.44,?P?<?0.000?01).?Besides,?there?was?no?significant?difference?in?PaO2?between?the?two?groups?on?the?3rd?day?of?treatment?(SMD =?0.15,?95%CI?=?-0.19-0.49,??P?=?0.40),?but?on?the?7th?day,?PaO2?in?the?experimental?group?was?significantly?higher?than?that?in?the?control?group?(SMD?=??0.23,?95%CI =?0.29?to?0.98,?P?=?0.000?3).?Furthermore,?the?incidence?of?circulatory?failure?in?the?experimental?group?was?significantly?lower?than?that?in?the?control?group?(OR =?0.26,?95%CI?=?0.19?to?0.37,?P?<?0.000?01),?but?the?incidence?of?respiratory?failure?was?significantly?higher?than?that?in?the?control?group?(OR =?4.14,?95%CI?=?3.00?to?5.72,?P?<?0.000?01).?The?influence?of?heterogeneity?on?statistical?results?was?excluded?in?the?sensitivity?analysis,?and?funnel?plot?diagram?was?applied?to?indicate?the?publication?bias?of?mortality?and?survival?time?of?the?dead?patients.? Conclusion? Combined?with?HP?alone,?HP?combined?with?CVVH?could?better?improve?liver?and?kidney?function?and?oxygenation?state?of?PQP?patients,??reduce?the?incidence?of?early?circulatory?failure,?prolong?the?survival?time?and?reduce?the?death?rate?of?PQP?patients.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 44-49, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744667

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the influence of sevoflurane inhalation sedation and propofol intravenous sedation on duration of endotracheal intubation as well as the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and total length of hospital stay in postoperative critical patients.Methods Six databases including CNKI,Wanfang data,PubMed,Embase,Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about the influence of sevoflurane inhalation sedation or propofol intravenous sedation on the sedation time,the duration of endotracheal intubation,the length of ICU stay,the total length of hospital stay and the adverse effects rate in postoperative critical patients from the time of database establishment to July 2018.At the same time,the reference materials of included literature were retrieved manually.All literatures were screened by three independent reviewers,and the data extraction and quality evaluation of the included studies were conducted.Meta-analysis was used for RCT that met the quality standards.Results A total of 7 RCT studies were enrolled involving 537 patients who were all transferred into ICU after surgery with trachea cannula.Among the patients,272 received sevoflurane sedation while the other 265 received propofol sedation.All the included studies were well designed and of high quality.The results of Meta-analysis showed that compared with propofol sedation,sevoflurane sedation could significantly shorten the duration of endotracheal intubation [standardized mean difference (SMD) =-0.60,95% confidence interval (95%CI) =-0.88 to-0.31,P < 0.000 1]and the total length of hospital stay (SMD =-0.36,95%CI =-0.61 to-0.12,P =0.003),and lower the cardiac troponin T (cTnT) within 12-24 hours after ICU admission (SMD =-0.61,95%CI =-0.85 to-0.36,P < 0.000 01).There was no significant difference in the sedation time (SMD =-0.07,95%CI =-0.29 to 0.15,P =0.52),the length of ICU stay (SMD =-0.19,95%CI =-0.39 to 0.01,P =0.06),the incidence of nausea and vomiting [odds ratio (OR) =1.19,95%CI =0.61 to 2.32,P =0.61] or incidence of delirium (OR =0.80,95%CI =0.34 to 1.90,P =0.62) between sevoflurane group and propofol group.Conclusions Sevoflurane inhalation sedation may lead to shorter duration of endotracheal intubation and total length of hospital stay,and had better protection for myocardium as compared with propofol intravenous sedation.The above conclusions needed further study to confirm,due to the lack of literature enrolled in this Meta-analysis.

13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 556-561, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754009

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impacts of clinical pulmonary infection score (CPIS) on duration and defined daily doses (DDDs) of antibiotics in patients with bacterial severe pneumonia in intensive care unit (ICU). Methods Patients with severe pneumonia, whose antibiotic usage was prescribed with the guide of CPIS, and admitted to ICU severe respiratory and infectious disease ward of Guizhou Medical University Affiliated Hospital from May 2017 to October 2017 were enrolled as CPIS group. Patients with the first CPIS score > 5 were given antimicrobial therapy, and the score was dynamically evaluated every 2-3 days. If the CPIS score < 5, the score was evaluated again after 2 days. If the score was still < 5, the antimicrobial drugs were discontinued. Patients admitted to the same ward from November 2016 to April 2017 were regarded as controls, of whom the antibiotic usage was completely conducted by the clinical experience of the chief physician. The duration and DDDs of antibiotics were compared between patients in two groups. At the same time, the usage of ventilator and prognostic indicators (the length of ICU stay, ICU mortality) were recorded. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was drawn, and the cumulative survival rates of 28 days, 90 days and 12 months were analyzed and compared between the two groups. Results In our department, 177 and 182 patients were admitted to ICU from November 2016 to April 2017 and from May 2017 to October 2017, respectively, of whom 101 and 65 patients with severe pneumonia were collected respectively during the two stages. There was no significant difference in gender composition, age, underlying diseases, vital signs, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score, or peripheral blood routine at admission between the two groups, indicating that the baseline data of the two groups were equally comparable. During the treatment process, there was no significant difference in the duration of mechanical ventilation [hours: 126.0 (69.0, 228.8) vs. 120.0 (72.0, 192.0)], the length of ICU stay [days: 7.0 (5.0, 11.0) vs. 8.0 (5.0, 14.0)], or ICU mortality [18.8% (19/101) vs. 26.2% (17/65)] between the control group and CPIS group (all P >0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the cumulative survival rate of 28 days (log-rank test: χ2 = 0.540, P = 0.462), 90 days (log-rank test: χ2 = 0.332, P = 0.564) or 12 months (log-rank test: χ2 = 0.833, P = 0.362). Patients from CPIS guided group, however, had a shorter duration of antibiotics usage (days: 7.54±4.81 vs. 9.88±4.96, P < 0.01), and had a lower DDDs of antibiotics (17.58±13.09 vs. 22.73±18.31, P < 0.05) as compared with those in the control group. Conclusion CPIS-guided therapeutic regimen shortens antibiotic duration and decreases antibiotic DDDs in patients with severe pneumonia in ICU, indicating the values of CPIS in guiding antibiotics usage in these patients.

14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1080-1084, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777267

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of tongue and nape acupuncture combined with rehabilitation training group of dysarthria on speech function in post-stroke dysarthria patients, and to explore the treatment of dysarthria.@*METHODS@#Eighty patients with dysarthria were randomly divided into an observation group (40 cases) and a control group (40 cases). The patients in the two groups were treated with conventional treatment. The patients in the control group were treated with the acupuncture combined with rehabilitation training group of dysarthria; the patients in the observation group were treated with the control group treatment and tongue acupuncture, once a day, 6 days per week for 2 weeks. The patients were evaluated with general dysarthria scale and dysarthria checklist of Chinese Rehabilitation Study Center before and after 2-week treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the total score and each item score of general dysarthria scale were reduced (all <0.05); all the score in the observation group was lower than those in the control group (all <0.05), except the score of jaw which had no significant difference between the two groups. After treatment, the dysarthria checklist of Chinese Rehabilitation Study Center in the observation group was superior to that in the control group (<0.05). The total effective rate was 85.0% (34/40) in the observation group, which was higher than 67.5% (27/40) in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Tongue acupuncture, nape acupuncture and rehabilitation training group of dysarthria could effectively improve the speech function of post-stroke dysarthria patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Dysarthria , Therapeutics , Speech , Stroke , Tongue , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 434-438, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703667

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the lung protection roles of intraperitoneal pre-injection with penehyclidine for two kinds of rat models with pulmonary and extrapulmonary acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDSp and ARDSexp). Methods Forty healthy adult Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into five groups (each n = 8): the rats in sham group received only tracheotomy; the ARDS rat models were reproduced by intratracheal inhalation of 0.1 mol/L hydrochloric acid (HCl) 2 mL/kg to simulate ARDSexp (HCl group) and 0.15 mL/kg oleic acid (OA) intravenous injection to simulate ARDSp (OA group) after tracheotomy; and the rats in two intervention groups were intraperitoneal injected with penehyclidine 0.5 mg/kg. All rats were received mechanical ventilation immediately after model reproduction. Carotid arterial blood was collected 4 hours after model reproduction for determining the arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), and oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) was calculated. Carotid venous blood and lung tissues were harvested, and the levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in serum and lung tissue were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Pulmonary pathology was observed under optical microscope, and pathological score of Smith was calculated. Results Under optical microscope, a large number of inflammatory cells infiltration in lung tissue, obvious alveolar collapse, fibrous exudation in alveolar and alveolar hyaline were found in HCl group. In OA group, however, microvascular congestion and interstitial pulmonary edema were the main pathological changes, with alveolar structure being kept relatively intact. Compared with sham group, pathological score of Smith in HCl and OA groups were increased, oxygenation was lowered, and inflammatory factors levels in serum and lung tissue were increased with levels in lung tissue being higher than those in serum, without significant difference between the two models. When pretreated with penehyclidine, however, pathological injury induced by HCl or OA was alleviated, and pathological score of Smith was also decreased as compared with that of corresponding model groups (5.48±1.76 vs. 9.69±2.02, 3.97±2.14 vs. 8.71±2.18, both P < 0.05), PaO2/FiO2was raised significantly [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 323±55 vs. 211±27, 307±56 vs. 207±31, both P < 0.05], the inflammatory factors levels in serum and lung tissue were obviously decreased [MPO (μg/L): 11.91±1.55 vs. 14.82±1.25, 12.75±1.16 vs. 16.97±2.06 in serum, 25.80±3.36 vs. 35.18±4.01, 24.23±1.24 vs. 33.94±1.43 in lung tissue; IL-8 (ng/L): 358±30 vs. 459±25, 377±38 vs. 427±34 in serum, 736±53 vs. 866±51, 701±53 vs. 809±39 in lung tissue; NF-κB (ng/L):483±68 vs. 632±73, 514±83 vs. 685±78 in serum, 984±75 vs. 1 217±123, 944±90 vs. 1 163±105 in lung tissue;all P < 0.05]. But all parameters above were similar between the two pretreatment groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusions Inflammatory cell infiltration and alveolar collapse mainly happened in HCl induced ARDSp, while pulmonary interstitial edema and hemorrhage was mostly seen in ARDSexp rats induced by OA intravenous injection. There was no significant difference in oxygenation and inflammatory response between the two models of rats. Pre-intraperitoneal injection of penehyclidine equally improved oxygenation state, inhibited lung inflammation response, and reduced lung injury in the two kinds of ARDS, but there was no difference in protective role between two models pretreated with penehyclidine.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 407-411, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697022

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of using smart products (including smart phones, computers and other electronic products),as well as having hobbies on their cognitive function in pension agency elderly people,and analyze if there is certain protective effect on cognitive function by using smart products and having hobbies.So as to reduce the risk of mild cognitive impairment in the future. Methods By convenience sampling, 160 residents living in the nursing home of suzhou city (mean age 60 or higher) were selected, and demographic data were collected by using a homemade questionnaire, their cognitive function was investigated by using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale. Results Single factor analysis showed that the score of the elderly who often use smart products in every cognitive field and overall cognitive function were superior to those who could not use smart products,the difference was statistically significant(t=-4.47--2.15,all P<0.05).The scores of the elderly with hobbies were higher in the overall cognitive function and the other six areas except the orientation, than those who had no hobby,and the differences were statistically significant(t=-6.80--1.81,all P<0.05).After adjusting for age,gender,body mass index(BMI),cultural level,often using smart products in total cognitive function in the elderly(t=4.842,P<0.01)and executive function(t=4.008,P<0.01),attention(t=3.045,P=0.003), abstract(t=2.135,P=0.034),delayed recall(t=3.759,P<0.01),the directional(t=2.866,P=0.005)of the five areas showed significant correlation. The total cognitive function of the elderly with hobbies (t=3.496, P = 0.001) and the visual spatial execution function (t=3.316, P = 0.001), naming (t=3.241, P =0.001), abstract (t=2.643, P = 0.009), and delayed recall (t=2.073, P= 0.04) were all significantly correlated.Conclusions Often using smart products and having certain hobbies are protective factors of cognitive function,build corresponding intervention plans for the future,by cultivating the elderly hobby, guiding the elderly using intelligent products and other measures to achieve successful aging, slow the cognitive decline,thus reducing the risk of mild cognitive impairment.

17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 34-40, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665232

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between hypophosphatemia and prognosis in critically ill patients. Methods Some hypophosphatemia-associated prospective or retrospective clinical cohort studies were searched through CNKI, Wanfang Data, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library, and Google Scholar English database respectively, with the guidance of these key words such as hypophosphatemia, intensive care, prognosis and fatality rate. The articles were concerned about the correlation between hypophosphatemia and the prognosis of patients in intensive care unit (ICU). The literatures collected were restricted from the creation of data base to April 2017. The mean value of < 0.8 mmol/L in serum phosphorus concentrations of the patients within the first 2 days of ICU admission would be treated as the diagnostic criteria of hypophosphatemia. Literature qualities were assessed by Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS). Meta-analysis was carried out by RevMan 5.3, and the sensitivity analysis was performed to test the stability of the meta-analysis. The existence of bias was analyzed by using the funnel graph analysis. Results Ten articles were ultimately included in the analysis, including 9 in Chinese and 1 in English, all of which were high qualities. 1 555 patients were involved in these clinical studies, of whom 606 patients had hypophosphatemia and other 949 were normal phosphatemia. Meta analysis results showed that patients with hypophosphatemia had higher acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHE Ⅱ) score as compared with that of normal phosphatemia group [standardized mean difference (SMD) = 0.64, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.24-1.04, P = 0.002]. Subgroup analysis showed that APACHE Ⅱ score increased in mild, moderate and severe hyperphosphatemia subgroups, and there were significant differences between any two subgroups (all P < 0.01). Longer duration of mechanical ventilation (SMD = 0.50, 95%CI =0.23-0.78, P = 0.000 3) and the length of ICU stay (SMD = 0.36, 95%CI = 0.06-0.67, P = 0.02), and even higher ICU mortality [odds ratio (OR) = 2.99, 95%CI = 2.09-4.27, P < 0.000 01] were seen in patients with hypophosphatemia as compared with normal phosphatemia patients. However, serum creatinine (SCr) levels (SMD = -0.19, 95%CI =-2.76-2.39, P = 0.89) and serum albumin (Alb) level (SMD = -0.63, 95%CI = -1.54-0.27, P = 0.17) were all similar between hypophosphatemic group and normal phosphatemia group. Sensitivity analysis excluded the effect of heterogeneity on statistical results. The funnel graphics were basically symmetrical, which indicated that the included literatures were distributed well, and the publication bias was small. Conclusions Occurrence of hypophosphatemia in ICU patients is associated with severity of illness, prolonged duration of MV and length of ICU stay, and higher mortalities. Levels of serum phosphorus may have certain clinical values for assessing prognosis of ICU patients.

18.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 17-22, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712757

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the efficacy and safety of CyberKnife combined with temozolomide (TMZ) in treatment of brain metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods From March 2013 to March 2016, 62 NSCLC patients with brain metastases in department of oncology of the 187th Hospital of PLA were divided into two groups according to the random number table method, the CyberKnife combined with TMZ group (CyberKnife + TMZ group, 31 cases) and simple CyberKnife group (CyberKnife group, 31 cases). Hypofractionated radiation of CyberKnife was given 18-36 Gy in 1-5 fractions of 5-25 Gy. CyberKnife+ TMZ group was given temozolomide 150 mg·m-2·d-1 for 5 days in first cycle, then every 28 days they received temozolomide therapy from the second to the sixth cycles: 200 mg·m-2·d-1 for 5 days. The clinical symptom remission rate after the treatment of CyberKnife in one week, the effective rate after CyberKnife in 3 months, the median intracranial progression-free survival time, overall survival, and the incidences of adverse reaction were comparatively analyzed. Results The clinical symptom remission rates of CyberKnife+TMZ group and CyberKnife group after the treatment of CyberKnife in one week were 93.6 % (29/31) and 96.8 % (30/31). There was no significant difference in the clinical symptom remission rates (χ2= 1.207, P=0.547). The effective rates of the two groups after CyberKnife in 3 months were 93.6 % (29/31) and 90.3 %(28/31). There was no significant difference in the effective rates (χ2 = 0.695, P= 0.706). The median intracranial progression-free survival time in CyberKnife + TMZ group (14.0 months) was significantly higher than that in the CyberKnife group (9 months) (χ2=8.977, P=0.003), and the median overall survival time in CyberKnife + TMZ group (15.0 months) was also significantly higher than that in the CyberKnife group (12.0 months) (χ2 = 5.190, P= 0.023). There was no significant difference in the adverse reaction of the central nervous system between the two groups (χ2=0.746, P=0.689), but the adverse reactions of the digestive system (χ2 = 6.062, P= 0.014) and the hematologic system (χ2 = 6.613, P= 0.010) in CyberKnife + TMZ group were significantly higher than those in the CyberKnife group. Systemic adverse reactions of the two groups were tolerated by most patients. Conclusions CyberKnife combined with TMZ is a feasible therapeutic option for NSCLC patients with brain metastases. This therapy can improve the median survival time to cerebral progression of the disease and the median overall survival time.

19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Ultrasound (Electronic Edition) ; (12): 303-308, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712088

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the chemotherapy drug delivery to tumor by enhancing the tumor vascular perfusion induced by diagnostic ultrasound combined with microbubbles.Methods Ten healthy male sprague-dawley(SD)rats with total twenty walker-256 tumors implanted in the two back legs were randomized to the two paired groups: controlled group(C,n=10)and treatment group(T,n=10).Tumors in the controlled group were ultrasonic sham operated,while in the treatment group were treated by diagnostic ultrasound combined with microbubbles.The treatment group were taken contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)before and after treatment and analyzed the quantitative parameters.The microbubbles used in the treatment and CEUS was a kind of self-made lipid microbubbles called Zhifuxian.The 0.02 ml microbubbles were bolus injected at CEUS,while during treatment,0.04 ml microbubbles diluted into 1 ml saline solution were injected slowly at constant speed.Flushed by saline solution after treatment,the rats' tumors were harvested into three parts: one for chemotherapy drug concentration detected by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC),one for HE detection,and one for Dox fluorescence intensity detected by confocal laser scanning microscopy(CLSM).The peak intensity(PI)values,the area under curve(AUC)values and the Dox concentration of each group were analyzed by pared-samples t test.Results(1)The contrast enhanced ultrasound quantitative analysis of the T group: PI value of the tumors before and after treatment were 66.22±16.25 and 75.74±17.67.The AUC values were 2937.52±677.51 and 3354.91±796.15.There was significant statistical difference between them(t=-5.212,-5.259,all P < 0.05).(2)The Dox concentration of the T and C groups were(1.15±0.25)ug/g and(0.96±0.21)ug/g.There was significant statistical difference between them(t=2.403,P<0.05).The Dox concentration of the treatment group was 1.2 times of the controlled group.(3)The pathology results of T and C groups: the tumor cells were arranged in cords,with big round deep-stained nucleus.No pathological changes were observed in the controlled group,and there was no significant difference between the two groups.But in the treatment group,tumor vascular congestion and inflammatory cell infiltration could be observed.(4)The confocal laser scanning microscopy(CLSM)detection of the T and C groups: the Dox red fluorescence was distributed in the tumor tissue interstitial,and the fluorescence intensity and distribution area of the treatment group were significant higher than the controlled group.Conclusions Diagnostic ultrasound combined with microbubbles treatment could significantly increase the blood perfusion in the walker-256 tumors of SD rats.Taking advantage of this vascular effect,the chemotherapy drug Dox could be delivered much more to the tumor tissue along with circulating bloodstream.With the addition of the sonoporation effect induced by the cavitation of the microbubbles,the chemotherapy drugs could be released much more to the tumor interstitial tissue.

20.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 483-485, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510792

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the correlation of newly fracture and spinal sagittal parameters.Methods From March 2011 to December 2014,80 patients of osteoporosis vertebral compression fracture treated by PVP as observation group were studied.The whole-spine anteroposterior view and lateral view XRay Photographes of the patients were taken,the sagittal parameters such as Pelvic index (PI),sacral slope (SS),pelvic tilt (PT),thoracic kyphotic angle(TK),lumbar lordotic angle(LL),the C7/SFD ratio were recorded.The whole cases were divided into two groups according to the presence of new fracture or not after the last followup of one year,the index of two groups were compared,and the risk factors of newly vertebral compression fractures were analysed.Results There were no statistically significant difference in gender,age,body mass index,BMD,PI,TK,LL between the two trea ted groups (P>0.05);there were statistically significant difference in SS,PT and the C7/SFD between the new vertebral fracture group and the control group (P<0.05).The analytic results of Logistic regression model showed that the smaller SS,larger TK and C7/SFD were risk factors of newly vertebral compression fractures.Conclusion The newly occurred vertebral compression fractures,after the primary treatment of PVP,are associated with changed spinal sagittal parameters.

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