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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 113-134, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922681

ABSTRACT

Mutations of the X-linked methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene in humans are responsible for most cases of Rett syndrome (RTT), an X-linked progressive neurological disorder. While genome-wide screens in clinical trials have revealed several putative RTT-associated mutations in MECP2, their causal relevance regarding the functional regulation of MeCP2 at the etiologic sites at the protein level requires more evidence. In this study, we demonstrated that MeCP2 was dynamically modified by O-linked-β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) at threonine 203 (T203), an etiologic site in RTT patients. Disruption of the O-GlcNAcylation of MeCP2 specifically at T203 impaired dendrite development and spine maturation in cultured hippocampal neurons, and disrupted neuronal migration, dendritic spine morphogenesis, and caused dysfunction of synaptic transmission in the developing and juvenile mouse cerebral cortex. Mechanistically, genetic disruption of O-GlcNAcylation at T203 on MeCP2 decreased the neuronal activity-induced induction of Bdnf transcription. Our study highlights the critical role of MeCP2 T203 O-GlcNAcylation in neural development and synaptic transmission potentially via brain-derived neurotrophic factor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2/metabolism , Mice , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/genetics , Rett Syndrome/genetics , Synaptic Transmission , Threonine
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905178

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) regulating excitability of the vagus nerve on dysphagia after stroke. Methods:From September, 2020 to February, 2021, 28 patients with dysphagia after stroke were randomly divided into control group (n = 14) and tDCS group (n = 14). Both groups accepted swallowing function training, and tDCS group received anodal tDCS over vagus nerve, while the control group received sham tDCS. They were assessed with modified Mann Assessment of Swallowing Ability (MMASA) and Australian Therapy Outcome Measures (AusTOMs)-swallowing scale before and after treatment. Results:The scores of MMASA (|t| > 5.593, P < 0.001) and AusTOMs swallowing scale (|Z| > 2.121, P < 0.05) increased in both groups after treatment, and were higher in tDCS group than in the control group (|t| = 2.439, |Z| = 2.079, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Anodal tDCS over vagus nerve may further release dysphagia after stroke.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910855

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) through quantitative computed tomography (QCT).Methods:The present study included 76226 participants. Abdominal fat areas were measured using the QCT Pro Model 4 system. Cardiometabolic indices were collected, including systolic and diastolic blood pressures, fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density and high-density lipoprotein cholesterols CMR score was the sum of abnormal blood pressure, fasting glucose, triglyceride, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Restricted cubic spline and ordered logistic regression models were applied.Results:The mean age was 50±13 years and the percentage of men was 58.8%. The level of VAT area was higher in men than in women (191.7±77.1 cm 2 vs 116.4±56.2 cm 2, P<0.0001 for all). After adjustment for age, the cardiometabolic indices except high-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased with increasing VAT area. When VAT area was 300 cm 2, age-adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of a CMR score ≥ 1 were 14.61 (13.31, 16.04) for men and 5.46 (4.06, 7.36) for women, and the age-adjusted probability of a CMR score ≥ 3 was 31.7% for men and 31.3% for women. Conclusions:QCT-derived VAT is closely related to CMR. The findings suggest that measurement of visceral fat is recommended for the management of abdominal obesity in subjects who agree to undergo lung cancer screening via low-dose CT without additional radiation exposure.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910434

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the reliability, accuracy and stability of the machine performance check (MPC) system of Varian′s TrueBeam series accelerator.Methods:After the installation was completed, the acceptance data were compared with the results of the first MPC operation to verify the reliability of the MPC results; the accuracy of the MPC results in the image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) application was verified by the method of artificially introducing errors. The mechanical performance results of 60 groups of MPC from March 2019 to March 2020 were collected to calculate the mean value and standard deviation and compare the stability differences of each index.Results:The equipment error parameters obtained by MPC were all lower than those obtained by acceptance. The maximum difference between two sets of data was only 2mm and the threshold ratio was less than 20%. MPC had a high sensing accuracy for radiation and imaging position shift, and the r values were more than 90%. The vertical direction of the couch had a poor sense of displacement accuracy, and the r value was less than 73.7%. For this verification project, the angle of the treatment bed was the most stable, and the standard deviation did not exceed 0.01. The stability of other indexes did not significantly differ.Conclusions:MPC can be used as a verification tool for routine quality assurance of IGRT. The verification accuracy of radiation and imaging centers are better than the mechanical accuracy of gantry, collimator and couch.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908519

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the levels of serum ferritin (SF) in preterm infants of different gestational ages and analyze the influencing factors.Method:From October 2018 to October 2020, preterm infants hospitalized in our hospital were included for prospective study. According to the gestational age, the infants were assigned into 3 groups: 34~36 w group, 32~33 w group and <32 w group. The SF levels were compared among the groups and the influencing factors were analyzed.Result:A total of 919 preterm infants were included, including 481 in the 34~36 w group, 293 in the 32~33 w group and 145 in the <32 w group. The incidence of Cesarean section in the <32 w group was lower than the other two groups ( P<0.001). The incidence of twin birth in the 32~33 w group was higher than the other two groups ( P<0.05). No significant differences existed in gender among the three groups ( P>0.05). The serum SF levels in the 34~36 w group, 32~33 w group and <32 w group were (240.1±167.4), (216.2±137.0) and (204.4±112.8)μg/L, respectively. The serum SF levels in the 34~36 w group were higher than the other two groups ( P<0.05). No significant differences existed in serum SF levels between the 32~33 w group and the <32 w group ( P>0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that SF levels were lower in premature infants with small gestational age and Cesarean section delivery ( P<0.05). Conclusion:SF levels in premature infants with small gestational age and Cesarean section delivery are lower and more monitoring of SF are needed.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the demand and mode of palliative care for emergency dying patients by analyzing the case data of emergency death and cardiopulmonary resuscitation.Methods:The data of 776 cases of emergency clinical death and cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from 2017 to 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 687 patients were included with (70.38 ± 16.57) years old, and 49.8% (342/687) of them were 75 years old and above; among them, 36.0% (247/687) patients or their families chose not to give cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DNR) in the last stage of their lives,and 63.2%(156/247) of DNR patients were 75 years old and above. The top four etiology of DNR were cerebral hemorrhage, respiratory failure, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and out of hospital cardiac and respiratory arrest.After successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 37.5% (45/120) of the patients' family members chose to give up treatment again. The median stay time of DNR patients in the emergency room was 738.7 minutes.Conclusions:The patients who choosed DNR were mainly 75 years old and above, with cerebral hemorrhage, respiratory failure, multiple organ failure and cardiac and respiratory arrest. The detention of these patients in the emergency room increases the congestion of the emergency room, and at the same time, they can not get a peaceful palliative care environment. It is suggested that emergency medical staff should strengthen the awareness and improve the ability of palliative care. A relative independent area and corresponding soothing palliative treatment and nursing should be given to the DNR patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907609

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of Wenshen-Gushu Decoction combined with conventional western medicine on postmenopausal osteoporosis patients with kidney yang deficiency type. Methods:A total of 105 postmenopausal osteoporosis patients admitted in Huxi Hospital Affiliated to Jining Medical College from January 2017 to December 2019 were selected. According to the random number table method, they were divided into the control group (52 cases) and observation group (53 cases). The control group was treated with conventional western medicine, and the observation group was treated with self-made Wenshen-Gushu Decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 8 weeks. The TCM Symptom Score, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), bone mineral density of troch (Troch), bone mineral density of ward’s triangle (ward’s), bone mineral density of L 1-4 and serum levels of steroid hormone receptor coactivator-3 (SRC-3), B-cell lymphoma gene-2 (Bcl-2) and transcription element coactivator (PGC-1a) were compared between two groups before and after treatment. The incidence of adverse reactions in the treatment process was observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results:The total effective rate of observation group was 79.3% (42/53), and that of control group was 61.5% (32/52), where the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=3.955, P=0.047). After treatment, the scores of lumbar and knee soreness, lumbar and spinal pain, lower limb flaccidity, walking difficulty and the VAS scores in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=21.956, 20.472, 18.591, 13.439, 19.594, 9.035, P<0.001). After treatment, the Troch [(0.70 ± 0.07) g/cm 2vs. (0.67 ± 0.06) g/cm 2, t=2.356] and Ward’s [(0.57 ± 0.06) g/cm 2vs. (0.510 ± 0.05) g/cm 2, t=5.561] and the bone mineral density of L 1-4 [(0.88 ± 0.07) g/cm 2vs. (0.80 ± 0.05) g/cm 2, t=6.727] in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The serum levels of SRC-3 [(0.34 ± 0.08) ng/L vs. (0.27 ± 0.07) ng/L, t=4.768], Bcl-2 [(9.56 ± 2.15) μg/L vs. (8.45 ± 2.07) μg/L, t=1.917] and PGC-1a[(0.33 ± 0.06) g/L vs. (0.25 ± 0.04) g/L, t=8.023] in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). No serious adverse reactions occurred in both groups during the treatment. Conclusion:Wenshen-Gushu Decoction combined with conventional western medicine shows clinical effect and can reduce clinical symptoms, improve bone mineral density, and upregulate the levels of SRC-3, Bcl-2, PGC-1a for the postmenopausal osteoporosis patients with kidney yang deficiency typea with safety.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1768-1771, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906801

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current situation of school tuberculosis prevention and control system and the implementation of daily prevention and control measures, and to provide a reference for strengthening the prevention and control of tuberculosis in schools.@*Methods@#A random sampling method was used to select schools where on site questionnaire survey was carried out, including 156 junior high schools, 78 senior high schools and 6 universities. SPSS 25.0 was used for descriptive analysis and chi square test.@*Results@#The average annual screening rates of junior high school, senior high school and university from 2015 to 2020 were 58.84%, 71.71% and 84.41% respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=61 247.39, P <0.01). The average annual TB detection rates were 8.69/10 5, 50.89/10 5 and 36.51/10 5 respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=101.20, P <0.01). The screening rate of TB screening in 2015-2020 years increased by year( χ 2 trend =70 052.10, 86 182.82 , 22 213.56, P <0.01). The detection rate of TB among junior high schools and high schools has been increasing year by year( χ 2 trend =9.27, 12.23, P <0.01). From 2015 to 2020, the proportion of tuberculosis screening, contact history, PPD and chest screening increased by year in junior high school and senior high school freshmen, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=129.10, 118.10, 206.92, 37.67; 108.79, 84.90, 139.84, 51.82, P <0.01). The proportion of chest X ray screening in universities increased by year( χ 2 trend =18.33, P <0.01). In 2019, poor performance on TB control in universities mainly included, including the school responsibility system for tuberculosis prevention and control, the school s annual TB work plan and absenteeism registration and etiology tracing, the proportion was 50.00 %, 0 and 16.67% respectively, compared with junior high school and senior high school, the difference was statistically significant( P <0.05). The prevalence rates of junior high school, senior high school and university students were 33.75/10 5, 90.10/10 5 and 54.20/10 5 respectively in 2019, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=104.36, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#The proportion of TB screening for freshmen in Chongqing increased significantly during 2015- 2020. High school students are still the focus of school based tuberculosis prevention and control. Improving the proportion of tuberculosis screening,strengthening and standardizing physical examination and screening,and establishing a clear responsibility system for prevention and control are effective means to prevent and control the spread of tuberculosis on campus.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 203-207, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923238

ABSTRACT

Kidney is the main target organ of uranium after acute and chronic ingestion. Due to the lack of reliable biomarkers in the study of uranium-induced renal injury, the epidemiological data are not enough to quantify the effects of uranium on human health, and it leads to the inconclusive and inconsistent research results. This paper is focused on the analysis on research progression of domestic and foreign biomarkers of renal injury in uranium drinking water residents, uranium occupational exposure population and Gulf War veterans. The indicators including small molecular proteins and enzymes that reflect the damage of proximal and distal tubules and glomerular, such as β_2-microglobulin, α-microglobulin, retinol binding protein, micro albumin, kidney injury molecule-1, neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin, alkaline phosphatase, N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminase, γ-glutamyltransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase, etc. It is suggested that molecular epidemiology should be applied to long-term cohort studies, and molecular biological detection and analytic techniques should be combined with cohort data information to clarify the dose-effect relationship of biological indicators.

10.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 877-888, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922482

ABSTRACT

A new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has been identified as the etiologic agent for the COVID-19 outbreak. Currently, effective treatment options remain very limited for this disease; therefore, there is an urgent need to identify new anti-COVID-19 agents. In this study, we screened over 6,000 compounds that included approved drugs, drug candidates in clinical trials, and pharmacologically active compounds to identify leads that target the SARS-CoV-2 papain-like protease (PLpro). Together with main protease (M


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Binding Sites , COVID-19/virology , Coronavirus Papain-Like Proteases/metabolism , Crystallography, X-Ray , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drug Repositioning , High-Throughput Screening Assays/methods , Humans , Imidazoles/therapeutic use , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Molecular Dynamics Simulation , Mutagenesis, Site-Directed , Naphthoquinones/therapeutic use , Protease Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of lactase additive in improving lactose intolerance in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 preterm infants with lactose intolerance who were admitted to the Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2018 to December 2019 were randomly divided into a lactase treatment group and a control group, with 30 infants in each group. The infants in the lactase treatment group were given 4 drops of lactase additive (180 mg) added into preterm formula or breast milk, and those in the control group were given placebo, oral administration of probiotics (live combined @*RESULTS@#Finally 29 infants in the lactase treatment group and 26 infants in the control group completed the trial. At the end of the first week after intervention, compared with the control group, the lactase treatment group had significantly lower frequency of daily milk vomiting and gastric retention amount (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lactase additive can safely and effectively improve the clinical symptoms caused by lactose intolerance in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Lactase , Lactose , Lactose Intolerance/drug therapy , Prospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886774

ABSTRACT

This case report presents the diagnosis and treatment of a case with subcutaneous sparganosis.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1552-1556, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886434

ABSTRACT

@#Glaucoma is a global blindness-causing disease characterized by visual function damage. Primary open angle glaucoma, also known as chronic open angle glaucoma, is not easily detected in the early stages of its occurrence and development, delaying treatment. Early diagnosis of the disease is helpful to reduce the rate of blindness. In recent years, new progress has been made in the diagnosis of primary open angle glaucoma, including optical coherence tomography, deep learning algorithms and biomarkers. This article will give an overview of these.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of ginger-partitioned moxibustion plus pediatric massage (tuina) in treating infantile diarrhea due to spleen deficiency. Methods: Ninety infants were randomly divided into a massage plus moxibustion group, a massage group and a drug group by the random number table method, with 30 cases in each group. The intervention was conducted for two consecutive courses. The infants in the massage plus moxibustion group were treated with pediatric massage and ginger-partitioned moxibustion at Shenque (CV 8). The infants in the massage group were treated with pediatric massage alone, while those in the drug group were treated with smecta. The primary and secondary symptom scales were assessed before and after treatment and at the follow-ups, and the total effective rate was evaluated after treatment. Results: The total effective rate in the massage plus moxibustion group was significantly different from that in the massage group and drug group (both P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of primary and secondary symptoms decreased in all three groups, with statistically significant intra-group differences (all P<0.05); the scores of primary symptoms were significantly different between the massage plus moxibustion group and the drug group (P<0.05); the scores of secondary symptoms in the massage plus moxibustion group and the massage group were significantly different from that in the drug group (both P<0.05). The differences in the time to recover normal bowel movement frequency among the three groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: Ginger-partitioned moxibustion plus pediatric massage compared with pediatric massage or smecta monotherapy shows superior clinical efficacy in treating infantile diarrhea due to spleen deficiency, and has the advantages of appetite improvement, physique strengthening and short course.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885901

ABSTRACT

Objective:Explored the clinical application value of the current reference interval of serum creatinine (using the 2015 health industry standard) and the original reference interval (using the third edition of the clinical laboratory operating procedures).Methods:This paper is a retrospective study. The study collected 360 normal serum samples of the adults who visited the First Hospital of Hebei Medical University from February to April 2019 and,aged 20-79 years old (including 90 males aged 20-59, 90 females aged 20-59, 90 males aged 60-79, and 90 females aged 60-79). The concentration of cystatin C was determined in the above specimens, combined with the concentration of creatinine, and the results calculated by the Glomerular Filtration Rate Estimation Formula (eGFR) was used as the standard for judgment. In this study, the chi-square test was used to statistically analyze the agreement between the results of the new and old reference intervals of creatinine and the results calculated by the eGFR formula.Results:The total coincidence rate of Scr and eGFR in 360 adults aged 20-79 years was 83.40% in the current RI, and 77.00% in the original RI. The coincidence rate of the former was significantly higher than that of the latter ( P=0.03). The positive coincidence rate of Scr and eGFR (214 patients with eGFR positive) was 91.86% in current RI, 41.59% in the original RI, the coincidence rate of the former was significantly higher than that of the latter ( P<0.01). The negative coincidence rate of Scr and eGFR (146 patients with eGFR negative) was 74.66% in current RI, and 99.32% in original RI, the coincidence rate of the latter was significantly higher than that of the former ( P<0.01). Consistent results were shown in groups of males aged 20-59, females aged 20-59 and females aged 60-79. However, in the group of males aged 60-79 years, the total coincidence rate of Scr and eGFR was 75.56% in current RI, and 88.89% in original RI, the coincidence rate of the latter was significantly higher than that of the former ( P =0.01); positive coincidence rate of Scr and eGFR was 57.69% in current RI, and 98.08% in original RI, the coincidence rate of the latter was significantly higher than that of the former ( P<0.01); negative coincidence rate of Scr and eGFR was 100.0% in current RI, and 76.32% in original RI, the coincidence rate of the former was significantly higher than that of the latter ( P<0.01). Conclusions:The current reference interval is better than the original reference interval in screening for decreased glomerular filtration rate, and it is favorable for the early detection of patients with mildly decreased renal function. However, among males aged 60-79 years old, the accuracy of the current RI and the ability to screen for decreased glomerular filtration rate are inferior to the original RI, which needs to be further observed and studied.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878963

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish a method for the determination of the concentration of five main components of phthalide target areas of Chaxiong(CPTA) and its inclusion of β-CD in the plasma of rats, and determine the pharmacokinetic parameters, absolute bioavailability and relative bioavailability of CPTA/β-CD inclusion compound in vivo. The plasma concentrations of senkyunolide A, N-butylphthalide, new osthol lactone, Z-ligustilide and butenyl phthalide were determined with UPLC-MS/MS. The content determination was conducted at the chromatographic conditions as follows: Shim-pack GIST C_(18)-AQ HP column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 3 μm), mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B), gradient elution, flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1), column temperature of 35 ℃ and injection volume of 2 μL. The mass spectra were obtained with electrospray ion source(ESI), positive ion mode and multi reaction monitoring. CPTA/β-CD inclusion compound was prepared by grinding method, DAS 2.0 software was used to model the data, and the absolute bioavailability of CPTA and relative bioavailability of inclusion compound were calculated. Finally, the methods for the determination of five components of senkyunolide A, N-butylphthalide, new osthol lactone, Z-ligustilide and butenyl phthalide in CPTA, were successfully established. The linear relationship among the five components was good within their respective ranges, r>0.99. The absolute bioavailability of the five components in rats was 22.30%, 16.32%, 21.90%, 10.16% and 12.43%, respectively. After CPTA/β-CD inclusion was prepared, the relative bioavailability of the five components was 138.69%, 198.39%, 218.01%, 224.54% and 363.55%, respectively, significantly improved. This method is rapid, accurate and sensitive, so it is suitable for the pharmacokinetic study of extracts in traditional Chinese medicine and their preparations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzofurans , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 580-592, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878583

ABSTRACT

A novel β-glucosidase BglD2 with glucose and ethanol tolerant properties was screened and cloned from the deep-sea bacterium Bacillus sp. D1. The application potential of BglD2 toward polydatin-hydrolyzing was also evaluated. BglD2 exhibited the maximal β-glucosidase activity at 45 °C and pH 6.5. BglD2 maintained approximately 50% of its origin activity after incubation at 30 °C and pH 6.5 for 20 h. BglD2 could hydrolyze a variety of substrates containing β (1→3), β (1→4), and β (1→6) bonds. The activity of β-glucosidase was enhanced to 2.0 fold and 2.3 fold by 100 mmol/L glucose and 150 mmol/L xylose, respectively. BglD2 possessed ethanol-stimulated and -tolerant properties. At 30 °C, the activity of BglD2 enhanced to 1.2 fold in the presence of 10% ethanol and even remained 60% in 25% ethanol. BglD2 could hydrolyze polydatin to produce resveratrol. At 35 °C, BglD2 hydrolyzed 86% polydatin after incubation for 2 h. Thus, BglD2 possessed glucose and ethanol tolerant properties and can be used as the potential candidate of catalyst for the production of resveratrol from polydatin.


Subject(s)
Enzyme Stability , Glucose , Glucosides/pharmacology , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Stilbenes/pharmacology , Substrate Specificity , Temperature , Xylose , beta-Glucosidase/genetics
18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 919-922, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876027

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To analyze the influence of bandage contact lens on corneal refractive status and postoperative complications in patients with pterygium. <p>METHODS: Totally 116 patients with pterygium treated in the hospital between January 2018 and December 2019 were recruited in the study. They were divided into control group and observation group by random number table method, 58 cases in each group. The control group received extended pterygium resection and autologous corneal limbal stem cell transplantation. On this basis, the observation group was treated with bandage contact lens. The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), surface asymmetry index(SAI)of corneal topography, surface regularity index(SRI), corneal refractive power and postoperative complications in the two groups were compared. <p>RESULTS: Compared with preoperation, the BCVA of the two groups was significantly higher 1mo and 3mo after operation(<i>P</i><0.05), without statistically significant difference between the groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). Corneal horizontal and vertical curvature of the two groups were significantly higher, while corneal astigmatism was significantly lower at 1mo and 3mo after surgery. Meanwhile, the observation group had significantly lower corneal astigmatism than the control group(<i>P</i><0.05). SAI and SRI of the two groups significantly decreased, which were significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group(<i>P</i><0.05). No complications such as infection, poor healing of grafts and subconjunctival cysts were observed. The incidence of eye irritation was significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group, and lower at 2wk than at 1wk before operation(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Extended pterygium resection combined with autologous corneal limbal stem cell transplantation and bandage contact lens is more conductive to the improvement of corneal refraction in patients with pterygium, which also can reduce the incidence of eye irritation.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882019

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus(VP)in oysters in Jinshan District, Shanghai and make assessment on the risks that may cause, providing the basis for prevention and control of foodborne disease. Methods Raw oyster samples with shells were randomly collected from markets, supermarkets and restaurants in Jinshan District from July to October in 2017. The content of VP in oysters was tested in accordance with the national standard methods. The semi-quantitative risk assessment for VP in oysters was made by Risk Ranger combining with the monitoring results of diet and health status of residents in Jinshan District of Shanghai in 2012-2013. Results The overall positive rate of VP in the 40 oyster samples was 80.0%(32/40). The positive rate of VP in oyster samples from farmer's markets was the highest, 85.7%(12/14), followed by those from restaurants and supermarkets. The relative risk for VP in raw oysters was 63. The probability of illness caused by VP in oysters per day per consumer of interest was 6.85×10-4, and the total predicted patients annual incidence rate in this population was 1 247.8/105. Conclusion The contamination of VP in seafood oysters in Jinshan District is serious. Eating raw oysters is at high risk; consumers are advised to reduce or avoid eating raw oysters, and processing food before eating is an effective method to decrease VP infection. Strengthening surveillance and management is imperative in this regard.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879862

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the risk factors for endotracheal intubation during resuscitation in the delivery room among very preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 455 very preterm infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from January 2017 to December 2019. They were divided into an intubation group (@*RESULTS@#The intubation rate was 17.4% (79/455). Compared with the intubation group, the non-intubation group had significantly higher gestational age, birth weight, and rates of caesarean birth, delayed cord clamping (DCC), resuscitation quality improvement, regular use of antenatal glucocorticoids in mothers and premature rupture of membranes > 18 hours (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Very preterm infants with younger gestational age, birth weight < 750 g, maternal diabetes mellitus, placenta previa or placenta previa status may have a higher risk for endotracheal intubation after birth. The regular use of antenatal glucocorticoids and DCC can reduce the risk of intubation during resuscitation in very preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Delivery Rooms , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intubation, Intratracheal , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
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