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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 36-42, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013246

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognostic value of 3 diagnostic criteria of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants with gestational age<32 weeks. Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted to collect the clinical data of 285 preterm infants with BPD admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2019 to September 2021, who were followed up regularly after discharge. The primary composite adverse outcome was defined as death or severe respiratory morbidity from 36 weeks of corrected gestational age to 18 months of corrected age, and the secondary composite adverse outcome was defined as death or neurodevelopmental impairment. According to the primary or secondary composite adverse outcomes, the preterm infants were divided into the adverse prognosis group and the non-adverse prognosis group. The 2001 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) criteria, 2018 NICHD criteria, and 2019 Neonatal Research Network (NRN) criteria were used to diagnose and grade BPD in preterm infants. Chi-square test, Logistic regression analysis, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Delong test were used to analyze the prognostic value of the 3 diagnostic criteria. Results: The 285 preterm infants had a gestational age of 29.4 (28.1, 30.6) weeks and birth weight of 1 230 (1 000, 1 465) g, including 167 males (58.6%). Among 285 premature infants who completed follow-up, the primary composite adverse outcome occurred in 124 preterm infants (43.5%), and the secondary composite adverse outcome occurred in 40 preterm infants (14.0%). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that severe BPD according to the 2001 NICHD criteria, gradeⅡand Ⅲ BPD according to the 2018 NICHD criteria and grade 2 and 3 BPD according to the 2019 NRN criteria were all risk factors for primary composite adverse outcomes (all P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the 2018 NICHD criteria and 2019 NRN criteria were both higher than that of the 2001 NICHD criteria (0.70 and 0.70 vs. 0.61, Z=4.49 and 3.35, both P<0.001), but there was no significant difference between the 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria (Z=0.38, P=0.702). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the secondary composite adverse outcomes were all associated with grade Ⅲ BPD according to the 2018 NICHD criteria and grade 3 BPD according to the 2019 NRN criteria (both P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the AUC of the 2018 NICHD criteria and 2019 NRN criteria were both higher than that of the 2001 NICHD criteria (0.71 and 0.71 vs. 0.58, Z=2.93 and 3.67, both P<0.001), but there was no statistically significant difference between the 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria (Z=0.02, P=0.984). Conclusion: The 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria demonstrate good and comparable predictive value for the primary and secondary composite adverse outcomes in preterm infants with BPD, surpassing the predictive efficacy of the 2001 NICHD criteria.


Subject(s)
Infant , Male , Child , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant, Premature , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/complications , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Gestational Age
2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 134-141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015229

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigated the spatial and temporal expression of Atoh1 mRNA and protein level during the cerebellar development. Methods The frozen cerebellum sections of mice at different developmental stages were used to analyze the temporal and spatial expression patterns of Atoh1 mRNA by RNA scope technique, n= 3 for each group. Meanwhile, two reporter mice with different genetic modification method were utilized to analyze the spatial and temporal expression of Atoh1 at the protein level by immunofluorescence staining, n= 3 for each group. Results Atoh1 mRNA was highly expressed in the embryonic cerebellar rhombic lip (RL) and the external granule layer (EGL). At the protein level, staining result of Atoh1-3

3.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1807-1822, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010652

ABSTRACT

Itch is an unpleasant sensation that urges people and animals to scratch. Neuroimaging studies on itch have yielded extensive correlations with diverse cortical and subcortical regions, including the insular lobe. However, the role and functional specificity of the insular cortex (IC) and its subdivisions in itch mediation remains unclear. Here, we demonstrated by immunohistochemistry and fiber photometry tests, that neurons in both the anterior insular cortex (AIC) and the posterior insular cortex (PIC) are activated during acute itch processes. Pharmacogenetic experiments revealed that nonselective inhibition of global AIC neurons, or selective inhibition of the activity of glutaminergic neurons in the AIC, reduced the scratching behaviors induced by intradermal injection of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), but not those induced by compound 48/80. However, both nonselective inhibition of global PIC neurons and selective inhibition of glutaminergic neurons in the PIC failed to affect the itching-scratching behaviors induced by either 5-HT or compound 48/80. In addition, pharmacogenetic inhibition of AIC glutaminergic neurons effectively blocked itch-associated conditioned place aversion behavior, and inhibition of AIC glutaminergic neurons projecting to the prelimbic cortex significantly suppressed 5-HT-evoked scratching. These findings provide preliminary evidence that the AIC is involved, at least partially via aversive emotion mediation, in the regulation of 5-HT-, but not compound 48/80-induced itch.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Serotonin , Insular Cortex , Pruritus/chemically induced , Cerebral Cortex/physiology , Neurons
4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 521-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996268

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the status of microsatellite instability (MSI) and its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics of patients with endometrial carcinoma.Methods:The clinical data of 365 patients with endometrial carcinoma who received surgery in Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital between January 2020 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expressions of 4 DNA mismatch repair (MMR) proteins (MLH1, MSH2, MHS6, and PMS2), estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and p53 mutant protein in postoperative cancer tissue samples from 365 patients with endometrial carcinoma. All patients were divided into MSI group (1 or more non-expression of MMR protein) and microsatellite stability (MSS) group (4 proteins were all expressed), and the clinicopathological characteristics of patients in both groups were compared. φ efficient was used to analyze the correlation of MSI with ER, PR, p53 mutant protein expressions. Results:There were 72 cases (19.7%) in MSI group and 293 cases (80.3%) in MSS group; and the age of all patients was (53±19) years (21-83 years). There were statistically significant differences in the proportion of MSI patients in endometrial carcinoma patients with different age [>50 years vs. ≤50 years: 22.1% (61/276) vs. 12.4% (11/89)], tumor diameter [≤2 cm vs. > 2 cm: 25.9% (30/116) vs. 16.8% (42/249)], International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging [stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ vs. stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ: 31.1% (14/45) vs. 18.1% (58/320)], histological type [type Ⅰ vs. type Ⅱ: 21.7% (71/327) vs. 2.6% (1/38)] (all P < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the proportion of MSI patients with different depth of invasion, degree of differentiation, lymph node metastasis, vascular involvement, and lesion location (all P > 0.05). Among 327 cases of type Ⅰendometrial carcinoma, 1 case was mucinous adenocarcinoma (MSS status), and the other 326 cases were endometrioid adenocarcinoma. Of the 72 patients with MSI, 71 cases were endometrioid carcinoma and the other was 1 of 3 mixed carcinomas in type Ⅱ endometrial carcinoma. There was a negative correlation between MSI and mutant p53 ( φ coefficient was -0.11, P = 0.031), and φ coefficient of the correlation of MSI with ER and PR was -0.03 and -0.06, while there were no statistically significant differences ( P value was 0.578 and 0.255, respectively). Conclusions:Endometrioid adenocarcinoma is the main type of endometrial cancer patients with MSI. MSI in endometrial cancer is correlated with age, FIGO staging, tumor diameter and histological type of patients, while negatively correlated with mutant p53.

5.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 125-131, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995601

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the correlation between homocysteine (Hcy) and serum uric acid (SUA) and retinopathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), preliminary study on its predictive value.Methods:A retrospective study. From January 2020 to March 2021, a total of 324 T2DM patients hospitalized in Department of Endocrinology, Cangzhou Central Hospital of Hebei Province were included. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), triglycerides (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), Hcy, SUA, peripheral blood endothelial progenitor cells (EPC), circulating endothelial cells (CEC) were counted and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated. According to the absence or presence of diabetic retinopathy (DR), the patients were divided into non DR (NDR) group and DR group with 100 and 214 cases, respectively. Clinical data and laboratory biochemical indexes of the two groups were compared and observed. The logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors for DR in T2DM patients. Smooth curve fitting was used to analyze the curve relationship between Hcy, SUA and DR, and ROC area (AUC) of Hcy, SUA; their combined prediction of DR in T2DM patients was calculated by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve), and the predictive value of Hcy and SUA for DR in T2DM patients was evaluated.Results:Diabetic course ( t=5.380), systolic blood pressure ( t=2.935), hypertension ( χ2=10.248), diabetic nephropathy ( χ2=9.515), diabetic peripheral neuropathy ( χ2=24.501), FBG ( t=3.945), HbA1C ( t=3.336) and TG in DR Group ( t=2.898), LDL-C ( t=3.986), Scr ( t=2.139), SUA ( t=7.138), HOMA-IR ( t=3.237), BUN ( t=3.609), Hcy ( t=2.363) and CEC ( t=19.396) were significantly higher than those in NDR group. The difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). EPC ( t=9.563) and CPC ( t=7.684) levels were significantly lower than those of NDR group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that diabetes course, SBP, hypertension, FBG, HbA1C, LDL-C, SUA, Hcy, EPC, CPC and CEC were all independent risk factors for developing DR in T2DM patients ( P<0.05). The smooth curve fitting analysis showed that Hcy and SUA were positively correlated with the occurrence of DR. After adjusting for confounding factors, when Hcy≥15 μmol/L, the risk of DR Increased by 14% for every 1 μmol/L increase in Hcy [odds ratio ( OR)=0.92, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 0.88-0.98, P<0.05]. When Hcy <15 μmol/L, there was no significant difference ( OR=0.96, 95% CI 0.92-1.08, P>0.05). When SUA≥304 μmol/L, the risk of DR increased by 17%, every 20 μmol/L SUA increased ( OR=0.80, 95% CI 0.68-0.94, P<0.05). When SUA <304 μmol/L, the difference was not statistically significant ( OR=0.83, 95% CI 0.72-0.95, P>0.05). ROC curve analysis results showed that the AUC values of Hcy, SUA and Hcy combined with SUA in predicting the occurrence of DR in T2DM patients were 0.775 (95% CI 0.713-0.837, P<0.001), 0.757 (95% CI 0.680-0.834, P<0.001) and 0.827 (95% CI 0.786-0.868, P<0.001). Hcy combined with SUA showed better predictive efficiency. Conclusions:The abnormal increase of Hcy and SUA levels in T2DM patients are closely related to the occurrence of DR, they are independent risk factors for the occurrence of DR. Hcy combined with SUA has high predictive value for the occurrence of DR.

6.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 521-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994599

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between mesenteric fat or creeping fat and bowel stricture or penetrating disease of Crohn's disease (CD).Methods:Clinical data of 101 CD patients undergoing bowel surgery at Department of General Surgery in our hospital between Mar 2021 and Dec 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The characteristics of mesenteric fat, creeping fat, luminal cross-section diameter, and the intestinal stricture index were analyzed. The Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between disease behavior and mesenteric fat score or creeping fat score.Results:Totally 101 CD patients were enrolled, with 68 stricturing diseases and 33 penetrating diseases. CD patients with stricturing diseases had higher score of mesenteric disease activity index (4.6±1.9 vs. 3.7±2.0, t=2.212, P=0.029) and creeping fat index (4.2±2.0 vs. 2.9±1.6, t=3.154, P=0.002) than those in patients with penetrating diseases. The mesenteric fat and creeping fat score positively correlated with the intestinal stricture index, C-reactive protein, and fecal calprotectin, and negatively correlated with minimum luminal cross-section diameter. Conclusion:The higher score of mesenteric fat and creeping fat were observed in CD patients with stricturing disease, which were associated with intestinal stricture index and inflammation status.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 97-101, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of computed tomography (CT) plain scan and dynamic enhanced scan in the diagnosis of solitary pulmonary nodules.Methods:The clinical data of 120 patients with solitary pulmonary nodules detected by physical examination in Baoding First Central Hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were confirmed by surgery and pathology, including 77 benign lesions and 43 malignant lesions; All patients underwent CT plain scan and dynamic enhanced scan before operation. The accuracy of the two examination methods in the diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions of solitary pulmonary nodules was analyzed and compared. The detection rate of CT dynamic enhanced scan imaging characteristics (vacuole sign, ground glass sign, spinous sign, lobulation sign, hair prick sign, blood vessel cluster, pleural depression) of benign and malignant lesions of solitary pulmonary nodules was compared, and the diagnostic value of CT plain scan and dynamic enhanced scan in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant solitary pulmonary nodules was evaluated based on the results of surgical pathological diagnosis. The manifestations and characteristic curves of CT dynamic enhanced scan of solitary pulmonary nodules was analyzed.Results:The diagnostic accuracy of CT dynamic enhanced scan for solitary pulmonary nodules was 80.00% (96/120), which was higher than that of CT plain scan (63.33%) (76/120) ( P<0.05). The sensitivity, specificity, and negative predictive value of CT dynamic enhanced scan for the diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions of solitary pulmonary nodules were higher than those of CT plain scan (all P<0.05). Among the imaging characteristics of CT dynamic enhanced scans of malignant lesions, the ground glass sign, spinous process sign, lobulation sign, spiculation sign, vascular clustering and pleural indentation were detected more frequently than those of benign lesions (all P<0.05). Benign lesions usually showed homogeneous enhancement, and a few showed heterogeneous enhancement; Malignant nodules often showed uneven enhancement, and a few had even enhancement. The time density curves of dynamic enhanced CT values in the regions of interest of benign and malignant solitary pulmonary nodules were different. Conclusions:The value of dynamic enhanced CT scan in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions of solitary pulmonary nodules is higher than that of CT plain scan, and the imaging features are obvious, with higher sensitivity and specificity, which is worthy of application.

8.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 996-999, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991854

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effects of Jiakang Pingxiao prescription combined with methiimidazole on hyperthyroidism. Methods:A total of 100 patients with hyperthyroidism admitted to Shanxian Central Hospital from February 2018 to January 2021 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into a study group and a control group, with 50 patients in each group. The control group was treated with methiimidazole, and the study group was treated with Jiakang Pingxiao prescription combined with methiimidazole. Thyroid function, serum levels of osteocalcin (OCN), β-CTx, hypersensitive C-reactive protein, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were compared between the two groups. Results:After treatment, serum levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4) in the study group were (3.10 ± 1.36) mU/L, (5.76 ± 1.25) pmol/L, (15.22 ± 1.95) pmol/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than (4.88 ± 1.47) mU/L, (7.13 ± 1.32) pmol/L, (19.07 ± 2.02) pmol/L in the control group ( t = 5.27, 4.71, 6.29, all P < 0.05). Serum OCN, β-CTx, hS-CRP, and IL-6 in the study group were (17.36 ± 2.62) μg/L, (0.32 ± 0.04) μg/L, (4.07 ± 0.86) mg/L, and (1.38 ± 0.21) pg/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than (26.05 ± 2.88) μg/L, (0.51 ± 0.09) μg/L, (6.23 ± 0.91) mg/L, (1.89 ± 0.28) pg/L in the control group ( t = 12.37, 10.40, 7.39, 8.57, all P < 0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group [6.00% (3/50) vs. 12.00% (3/50), χ2 = 14.78, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Jikang Pingxiao prescription combined with methiimidazole can effectively reduce the inflammatory responses in patients with hyperthyroidism, inhibit the expression of OCN and β-CTX in the serum, and improve thyroid function. The combined method is scientific and reasonable, and is suitable for clinical application. It has good therapeutic effects on hyperthyroidism and is worthy of clinical promotion.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 42-46, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990807

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically analyze the efficacy of nasal endoscopic transsphenoidal decompression and glucocorticoid pulse therapy for traumatic optic neuropathy (TON).Methods:PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrial.gov, CNKI, Wanfang, China Biomedical and other databases were searched to retrieve clinical studies on endoscopic surgery and hormone therapy for TON since their establishment to November 1, 2020.Two researchers screened the literature and evaluated the quality of the included literatures.The improvement of visual acuity before and after treatment was taken as an effective indicator.RevMan 5.3 statistical software was used for meta-analysis.The sensitivity of the results was analyzed atfer literature exclusion.The publication bias of each study was double checked by funnel plot and Begg test.Results:Eight studies were included, including 7 cohort studies and 1 randomized controlled trial.There was no significant difference between the endoscopic decompression group and glucocorticoid group in the efficiency of visual acuity improvement in the treatment of TON [odds ratio ( OR)=1.65, 95% confidence interval ( CI)∶0.75-3.66, P=0.22], neither in TON patients with residual vision before surgery ( OR=2.17, 95% CI: 0.94-4.98, P=0.07). For nasal endoscopic decompression surgery, early surgery (disease course<7 days) was more effective than late surgery (disease course>7 days) ( OR=4.73, 95% CI: 2.55-8.78, P<0.01). Sensitivity analysis suggested that the results of this literature analysis were not robust.The Begg test showed that there was no literature publication bias. Conclusions:There is no significant difference between nasal endoscopic surgery and glucocorticoid therapy in the treatment of TON.Early endoscopic surgery may help improve visual acuity in patients with residual vision.

10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 215-220, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990015

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical therapeutic effect and follow-up prognosis of preterm infants with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) managed by less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) and traditional intubation-surfactant-extubation (INSURE) of pulmonary surfactant (PS).Methods:Data during hospitalization and follow-up period of 187 NRDS preterm infants (gestational age 24 weeks to 31 + 6 weeks, and birth weight <1 500 g) admitted to the Department of Neonatology, the Women and Children′s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from March 2019 to February 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.NRDS preterm infants who were injected with PS by LISA were included in the LISA group (144 cases), and those who were injected with PS by INSURE were included in the INSURE group (43 cases). The propensity score matching method was used to correct the confounding factors between groups, and the covariate equilibrium samples between groups were obtained (39 cases in each group). Clinical treatment effect and prognosis of physical development, hearing and vision development, nervous system development, respiratory system diseases and other conditions of the two groups of children were compared using the t test, Chi- square test and other statistical analysis methods as appropriate. Results:(1)Compared with that of the INSURE group, the incidence of BPD [12 cases (33.3%) vs.23 cases (63.9%), χ2=6.727, P=0.009] and ROP [13 cases (36.1%) vs.26 cases (72.2%), χ2=9.455, P=0.002] in the LISA group were significantly lower.The incidence of mild BPD [8 cases (22.2%) vs.16 cases (44.4%), χ2=4.000, P=0.046] and stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ ROP [11 cases (30.6%) vs.22 cases (61.1%), χ2=6.769, P=0.009] in the LISA group was significantly lower than that of the INSURE group.There was no significant difference in the incidence of moderate and severe BPD and stageⅢ ROP and above between groups (all P>0.05). (2)There were no statistical differences in the repeated use of PS, mechanical ventilation rate within 72 h, pneumothorax/pulmonary hemorrhage, grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ periventricula-rintraventricular hemorrhage, stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis, sepsis, abnormal amplitude integrated electroencephalogram, mortality in 36 weeks of corrected gestational age, total oxygen inhalation duration and hospitalization duration between the two groups (all P>0.05). (3)Follow-up within 1 year of corrected age after discharge.There were no significant differences in extrauterine body mass, body length and head circumference development, visual development, hearing development, Neonatal Behavioral Neurological Assessment score at corrected gestational age of 40 weeks, Bayley Scales of Infants Development score at corrected gestational age of 6 months and age of 1 year, pneumonia and re-hospitalization due to respiratory diseases between groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:PS administration with LISA technology can reduce the incidence of mild BPD and stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ ROP in premature infants with NRDS who had the gestational age of 24-31 + 6 weeks and birth weight<1 500 g, without increasing the risk of other complications.The long-term prognosis of them treated with PS administration with LISA and INSURE is similar.

11.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 85-88, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979168

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze oxidative stress status and its correlation with urinary albumin creatinine ratio (UACR) and urinary β2 microglobulin (Uβ2-MG) in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN), and to provide a theoretical basis for clinical evaluation of oxidative stress status in DN patients. Methods A total of 382 DN patients admitted to our hospital from January 2020 to December 2021 were selected. According to the 24h urinary microalbumin excretion rate (24h UAER), the patients were divided into mild renal injury group (20µg/min 2-MG levels in DN patients (r=-0.462, 0.413, P2-MG levels in DN patients (r=-0.438, -0.459, P2-MG to predict the oxidative stress status of DN patients was 0.689, the sensitivity was 79.84%, and the specificity was 83.45%. Conclusion Oxidative stress in DN patients can accelerate the pathological progression of nephropathy. The oxidative stress status is closely related to the levels of UACR and Uβ2-MG, which can be used to judge the oxidative stress of the body and prevent the pathological progression of nephropathy in DN patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 571-575, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010241

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate, analyze, and evaluate the risk data associated with the clinical use of absorbable sutures by retrieving and summarizing information from the databases of the US FDA and CNKI, as well as the adverse event reports related to absorbable sutures from January 2019 to October 2022 within Zhejiang province. The adverse event reports are obtained from both incident locations and monitoring organizations affiliated with the registrant. The aim is to identify the main risk factors associated with the clinical use of absorbable sutures. The key risk factors are potential product quality defects, product design and material selection, clinical selection and application, and postoperative recovery care including patient's self-care. Risk control strategies are further proposed to reduce or minimize the risk of adverse events caused by this product.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sutures/adverse effects , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors
13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 947-961, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982445

ABSTRACT

Effective treatments for neuropathic pain are lacking due to our limited understanding of the mechanisms. The circRNAs are mainly enriched in the central nervous system. However, their function in various physiological and pathological conditions have yet to be determined. Here, we identified circFhit, an exon-intron circRNA expressed in GABAergic neurons, which reduced the inhibitory synaptic transmission in the spinal dorsal horn to mediate spared nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain. Moreover, we found that circFhit decreased the expression of GAD65 and induced hyperexcitation in NK1R+ neurons by promoting the expression of its parental gene Fhit in cis. Mechanistically, circFhit was directly bound to the intronic region of Fhit, and formed a circFhit/HNRNPK complex to promote Pol II phosphorylation and H2B monoubiquitination by recruiting CDK9 and RNF40 to the Fhit intron. In summary, we revealed that the exon-intron circFhit contributes to GABAergic neuron-mediated NK1R+ neuronal hyperexcitation and neuropathic pain via regulating Fhit in cis.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Posterior Horn Cells/pathology , Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn/metabolism , Neuralgia , Synaptic Transmission
14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 962-972, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982443

ABSTRACT

The anterior auditory field (AAF) is a core region of the auditory cortex and plays a vital role in discrimination tasks. However, the role of the AAF corticostriatal neurons in frequency discrimination remains unclear. Here, we used c-Fos staining, fiber photometry recording, and pharmacogenetic manipulation to investigate the function of the AAF corticostriatal neurons in a frequency discrimination task. c-Fos staining and fiber photometry recording revealed that the activity of AAF pyramidal neurons was significantly elevated during the frequency discrimination task. Pharmacogenetic inhibition of AAF pyramidal neurons significantly impaired frequency discrimination. In addition, histological results revealed that AAF pyramidal neurons send strong projections to the striatum. Moreover, pharmacogenetic suppression of the striatal projections from pyramidal neurons in the AAF significantly disrupted the frequency discrimination. Collectively, our findings show that AAF pyramidal neurons, particularly the AAF-striatum projections, play a crucial role in frequency discrimination behavior.


Subject(s)
Acoustic Stimulation/methods , Neurons/physiology , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Auditory Perception , Pyramidal Cells
15.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 315-323, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986854

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a model of long-term free drinking mouse by feeding mice with alcohol to simulate the state of human voluntary long-term drinking, and on this basis, to further discuss the evaluation criteria of long-term free drinking mice model in sports, anxiety and cognitive behavior.@*METHODS@#Forty six-week-old SPF C57BL/6 male mouse were randomly divided into two groups: Long-term free drinking group (n=20) and normal control group (n=20). The two groups were given solid feed normally. The long-term free drinking group was free to take 10% alcohol and water every day, while the normal drinking group only took water every day. The mice were fed for 7 months, and were evaluated by a series of behavioral methods, including Rota-rod test, balance beam test, open filed test, the elevated plus maze, two-box social behavior, new object recognition, Y maze and water maze.@*RESULTS@#With the increase of drinking days, the mice showed significant alcohol addiction in the alcohol preference test. With the increase of alcohol intake, the mice in the long-term free choice drinking group had slightly shiny fur and reduced diet. Compared with the control group, the weight gain began to slow down from the third month, and the weight decreased significantly by the sixth and seventh months (P=0.006, P < 0.001). The mice showed reduced balance locomotion ability (P=0.003, P=0.001) in the rotary bar and balance beam test. In the open field and elevated cross test, the mice had obvious anxiety-like behavior (P < 0.001). The mice showed decreased social ability in the two boxes of social behavior (P < 0.016). In the experiment of new object recognition and Y maze, the exploration of new object decreased (P=0.018, P=0.040). In the water maze, cognitive functions, such as learning and spatial memory were reduced (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The successful establishment of the long-term free drinking mouse model is more convenient for us to carry out further research on the neural mechanism of alcohol addiction, and lays an experimental foundation for exploring the neural mechanism of alcohol addiction and related new targets.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Humans , Animals , Alcoholism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Alcohol Drinking/psychology , Anxiety , Disease Models, Animal , Ethanol
16.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 262-269, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of anorectal mucosal melanoma (ARMM), and to evaluate the prognostic factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 68 primary ARMM surgical specimens from 2010 to 2018 were retrospectively studied. Slides were reviewed to evaluate pathological features. Slingluff staging method was used for staging.@*RESULTS@#(1) Clinical features: The median age at diagnosis in this group was 61.5 years, with a male-to-female ratio 1 ∶1.62. The most common complaint was blooding (49 cases). For anatomic site, anorectum was the prevalent (66.2%), followed by rectum (20.6%). At the time of diagnosis, 28 cases were stage Ⅰ (localized stage, 41.2%), 25 cases were stage Ⅱ (regional lymph node metastasis, 36.8%), and 15 cases were stage Ⅲ (distant metastasis, 22.1%). Five patients underwent wide local excision, the rest abdominoperineal resection, and 48 patients received adjuvant therapy after surgery. (2) Pathological features: Grossly 88.2% of the tumors were exophytic polypoid masses, with the median tumor size 3.5 cm and the median tumor thickness 1.25 cm. Depth of invasion below lamina muscularis mucosae ranged from 0-5.00 cm (median 1.00 cm). The deepest site of tumor invasion reached muscular layer in 27 cases, and perirectal tissue in 16 cases. Melanin pigmentation was absent or not obvious in 67.6% of the cases. The predominant cytology was epithelioid (45 cases, 66.2%). The rate for ulceration, necrosis, lymphovascular invasion, and perineural invasion was 89.7%, 35.3%, 55.9%, and 30.9%, respectively. The median mitotic count was 18/mm2. The positive rate of S100, HMB-45 and Melan-A were 92.0%, 92.6% and 98.0%, respectively. The median of Ki-67 was 50%. The incidences of mutations within CKIT, BRAF and NRAS genes were 17.0% (9 cases), 3.8% (2 cases) and 9.4% (5 cases), respectively. (3) Prognosis: Survival data were available in 66 patients, with a median follow-up of 17 months and a median survival time of 17.4 months. The 1-year, 2-year and 5-year overall survival rate was 76.8%, 36.8% and 17.2%, respectively. The rate of lymphatic metastasis at diagnosis was 56.3%. Forty-nine patients (84.5%) suffered from distant metastasis, and the most frequent metastatic site was liver. Univariate analysis revealed that tumor size (>3.5 cm), depth of invasion below lamina muscularis mucosae (>1.0 cm), necrosis, lymphovascular invasion, BRAF gene mutation, lack of adjuvant therapy after surgery, deep site of tumor invasion, and high stage at diagnosis were all poor prognostic factors for overall survival. Multivariate model showed that lymphovascular invasion and BRAF gene mutation were independent risk factors for lower overall survival, and high stage at diagnosis showed borderline negative correlation with overall survival.@*CONCLUSION@#The overall prognosis of ARMM is poor, and lymphovascular invasion and BRAF gene mutation are independent factors of poor prognosis. Slingluff staging suggests prognosis effectively, and detailed assessment of pathological features, clear staging and genetic testing should be carried out when possible. Depth of invasion below lamina muscularis mucosae of the tumor might be a better prognostic indicator than tumor thickness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf , Prognosis , Melanoma/surgery
17.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 668-674, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986835

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate anatomical morphology and classification of persistent descending mesocolon (PDM) in patients with left-sided colorectal cancer, as well as the safety of laparoscopic radical surgery for these patients. Methods: This is a descriptive study of case series. Relevant clinical data of 995 patients with left colon and rectal cancer who had undergone radical surgery in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from July 2021 to September 2022 were extracted from the colorectal surgery database of our institution and retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-four (2.4%) were identified as PDM and their imaging data and intra-operative videos were reviewed. We determined the distribution and morphology of the descending colon and mesocolon, and evaluated the feasibility and complications of laparoscopic surgery. We classified PDM according to its anatomical characteristics as follows: Type 0: PDM combined with malrotation of the midgut or persistent ascending mesocolon; Type 1: unfixed mesocolon at the junction between transverse and descending colon; Type 2: PDM with descending colon shifted medially (Type 2A) or to the right side (Type 2B) of the abdominal aorta at the level of the origin of the inferior mesentery artery (IMA); and Type 3: the mesocolon of the descending-sigmoid junction unfixed and the descending colon shifted medially and caudally to the origin of IMA. Results: The diagnosis of PDM was determined based on preoperative imaging findings in 9 of the 24 patients (37.5%) with left-sided colorectal cancer, while the remaining diagnoses were made during intraoperative assessment. Among 24 patients, 22 were male and 2 were female. The mean age was (63±9) years. We classified PDM as follows: Type 0 accounted for 4.2% (1/24); Type 1 for 8.3% (2/24); Types 2A and 2B for 37.5% (9/24) and 25.0% (6/24), respectively; and Type 3 accounted for 25.0% (6/24). All patients with PDM had adhesions of the mesocolon that required adhesiolysis. Additionally, 20 (83.3%) of them had adhesions between the mesentery of the ileum and colon. Twelve patients (50.0%) required mobilization of the splenic flexure. The inferior mesenteric artery branches had a common trunk in 14 patients (58.3%). Twenty-four patients underwent D3 surgery without conversion to laparotomy; the origin of the IMA being preserved in 22 (91.7%) of them. Proximal colon ischemia occurred intraoperatively in two patients (8.3%) who had undergone high ligation at the origin of the IMA. One of these patients had a juxta-anal low rectal cancer and underwent intersphincteric abdominoperineal resection because of poor preoperative anal function. Laparoscopic subtotal colectomy was considered necessary for the other patient. The duration of surgery was (260±100) minutes and the median estimated blood loss was 50 (20-200) mL. The median number of No. 253 lymph nodes harvested was 3 (0-20), and one patient (4.2%) had No.253 nodal metastases. The median postoperative hospital stay was 8 (4-23) days, and the incidence of complications 16.7% (4/24). There were no instances of postoperative colon ischemia or necrosis observed. One patient (4.2%) with stage IIA rectal cancer developed Grade B (Clavien-Dindo III) anastomotic leak and underwent elective ileostomy. The other complications were Grade I-II. Conclusions: PDM is frequently associated with mesenteric adhesions. Our proposed classification can assist surgeons in identifying the descending colon and mesocolon during adhesion lysis in laparoscopic surgery. It is crucial to protect the colorectal blood supply at the resection margin to minimize the need for unplanned extended colectomy, the Hartmann procedure, or permanent stomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Mesocolon/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/methods , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colectomy/methods , Ischemia
18.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 53-58, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986778

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the Alzheimer-associated neurofilament protein (AD7c-NTP) in urine of middle-aged and elderly people and its correlation between common metabolites. MethodsA total of 1 150 middle-aged and elderly people who did their physical exmanination in the health examination center of the Sichuan Science City Hospital and the Third Hopital of Mianyang were recruited from March 2017 to March 2020. The level of urine AD7c-NTP were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and common metabolites in blood were measured by biochemical analyzer. Based on urine AD7c-NTP level ≤1.5 ng/mL, the objects was divided into normal group (n=956) and elevated group (n=194). Thier demographic data and blood biochemical indicators were collected. ResultsThe urine AD7c-NTP level in middle-aged and elderly people was 0.60(0.30~1.20) ng/mL. The urine AD7c-NTP level was higher in women than that in men [1.04(0.40~1.30) ng/mL vs. 0.84(0.30~1.00) ng/mL, Z=4.202, P˂0.01]. And the urine AD7c-NTP level was lower in the normal group than that in the elevated group [0.50(0.30~0.90) ng/mL vs. 2.10(1.70~2.10) ng/mL, Z=22.035, P˂0.01]. The results of the univariate comparison showed that, the differences between the two groups in age (Z=6.545), fasting glucose (Z=3.506), blood uric acid (Z=2.574), urea nitrogen (Z=2.891), creatinine (Z=2.243), total bilirubin (Z=3.936), glutathione (Z=0.969), total cholesterol (t=3.956) and low density lipoprotein (Z=-5.678) were were statistically significant (P˂0.05 or 0.01). Spearman correlation analysis showed that, the urine AD7c-NTP level was positively correlated with age and the levels of urea nitrogen, glucose, total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein (r=0.177, 0.178, 0.171, 0.109, 0.149, P˂0.01), and negatively correlated with the level of total bilirubin (r=-0.172, P˂0.01). Conclusionthe urine AD7c-NTP level in middle-aged and elderly females was signifitcantly higher than in middle-aged and elderly males.The urine AD7c-NTP level of middle-aged and elderly people was positively correlated with age, urea nitrogen, glucose, total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein, and negatively correlated with total bilirubin.

19.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 665-670, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985755

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate and elucidate the clinicopathological and prognostic characteristics of SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancer. Methods: The clinicopathological and prognostic data were collected in 127 patients with SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancer diagnosed in Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Shanghai, China from January 2020 to March 2022. The variation and expression of biomarkers related to treatment were retrospectively reviewed. Results: One hundred and twenty-seven patients were eligible for enrollment. Among them 120 patients (94.5%) were male and 7 cases (5.5%) were female, while the average age was 63 years (range 42-80 years). There were 41 cases (32.3%) of stage Ⅰ cancer, 23 cases (18.1%) of stage Ⅱ, 31 cases (24.4%) of stage Ⅲ and 32 cases (25.2%) of stage Ⅳ. SMARCA4 expression detected by immunohistochemistry was completely absent in 117 cases (92.1%) and partially absent in 10 cases (7.9%). PD-L1 immunohistochemical analyses were performed on 107 cases. PD-L1 was negative, weakly positive and strongly positive in 49.5% (53/107), 26.2% (28/107) and 24.3% (26/107) of the cases, respectively. Twenty-one cases showed gene alterations (21/104, 20.2%). The KRAS gene alternation (n=10) was most common. Mutant-type SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancer was more commonly detected in females, and was associated with positive lymph nodes and advanced clinical stage (P<0.01). Univariate survival analysis showed that advanced clinical stage was a poor prognosis factor, and vascular invasion was a poor predictor of progression-free survival in patients with surgical resection. Conclusions: SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancer is a rare tumor with poor prognosis, and often occurs in elderly male patients. However, SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancers with gene mutations are often seen in female patients. Vascular invasion is a prognostic factor for disease progression or recurrence in patients with resectable tumor. Early detection and access to treatment are important for improving patient survivals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , China , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , DNA Helicases/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 454-459, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985700

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological, immunohistochemical and molecular genetic characteristics of gastric carcinoma with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification. Methods: The clinicopathological data of gastric carcinoma cases with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification diagnosed from January 2011 to September 2020 at the Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, China, were collected. The clinicopathological, immunophenotypic and molecular pathological features were analyzed. The relevant literature was reviewed. Results: There were 4 cases of gastric carcinoma with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification. All 4 patients were male, aged 57-67 years (average, 63 years). Tumor sizes ranged from 3.5 to 5.2 cm (average, 4.8 cm). All tumors were in the antrum. All 4 patients underwent radical gastrectomy and were followed up after the surgery. Morphologically, all tumors showed histological features with enteroblastic-differentiated gastric carcinoma. Tumor cells showed predominantly tubular/papillary architecture, with conspicuous vesicular nuclei and pale staining or transparent cytoplasm. Immunohistochemistry showed pan-TRK expression in all cases, with various degrees of positivity in the cytoplasm. All cases were subject to NTRK1/2/3 detection using fluorescence in situ hybridization. There were NTRK translocations in 2 cases and NTRK amplifications in 2 cases. These cases were further verified by RNAseq next generation sequencing which confirmed that NTRK1 gene translocation (TPM3-NTRK1) and NTRK2 gene translocation (NTRK2-SMCHD1) occurred in two cases, respectively. Conclusions: NTRK mutation occurs less frequently in gastric cancer. In this study, the cases mainly occur in the antrum. The morphology has the characteristics of enteroblastic differentiation. The tumors have unique histological, immunophenotypic and molecular characteristics, which require much attention from pathologists to effectively guide clinicians to choose the best treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Receptor, trkA/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Translocation, Genetic , Carcinoma , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics
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