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1.
Clinics ; 78: 100181, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439899

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: This study aimed to explore the effects of bone marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Conditioned Medium (MSC-CM) treating diabetic foot ulcers in rats. Methods: Models of T2DM rats were induced by a high-fat diet and intraperitoneal injection of STZ in SD rats. Models of Diabetic Foot Ulcers (DFUs) were made by operation on hind limbs in diabetic rats. Rats were divided into four groups (n = 6 for each group), i.e., Normal Control group (NC), Diabetes Control group (DM-C), MSC-CM group and Mesenchymal Stem Cells group (MSCs). MSC-CM group was treated with an injection of conditioned medium derived from preconditioned rats' bone marrow MSCs around ulcers. MSCs group were treated with an injection of rats' bone marrow MSCs. The other two groups were treated with an injection of PBS. After the treatment, wound closure, re-epithelialization (thickness of the stratum granulosums of the skin, by H&E staining), cell proliferation (Ki67, by IHC), angiogenesis (CD31, by IFC), autophagy (LC3B, by IFC and WB; autoly-sosome, by EM) and pyroptosis (IL-1β, NLRP3, Caspase-1, GSDMD and GSDMD-N, by WB) in ulcers were evaluated. Results: After the treatment wound area rate, IL-1β by ELISA, and IL-1β, Caspase-1, GSDMD and GSDMD-N by WB of MSC-CM group were less than those of DM group. The thickness of the stratum granulosums of the skin, proliferation index of Ki67, mean optic density of CD31 and LC3B by IFC, and LC3B by WB of MSC-CM group were more than those of DM group. The present analysis demonstrated that the injection of MSC-CM into rats with DFUs enhanced the wound-healing process by accelerating wound closure, promoting cell proliferation and angiogenesis, enhancing cell autophagy, and reducing cell pyroptosis in ulcers. Conclusions: Studies conducted indicate that MSC-CM administration could be a novel cell-free therapeutic approach to treat DFUs accelerating the wound healing process and avoiding the risk of living cells therapy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 497-501, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989821

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the application and effect of "Trinity" emergency chain in the management of patients with epidemic respiratory tract infection under the cooperation of multiple hospitals and districts, and to provide a reference for medical institutions to improve the risk response ability.Methods:Based on the collaborative management of multi-branches, the "Trinity" emergency chain of pre-hospital-emergency-critical care, identification-triage-treatment, expansion-training-dispatch was implemented to optimize and integrate medical resources.Results:During the two months, 43,000 patients were admitted to the fever clinic, with an increase of 36.08%. The average waiting time for treatment was 19.83 min, and the average admission time to ICU was 25.35 min.Conclusions:The "Trinity" emergency chain treatment scheme under the coordination of multi-branches can effectively deal with the public health events of respiratory tract infectious diseases, improve the efficiency of rescue and treatment, and enhance the risk response ability of medical institutions.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 433-440, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922936

ABSTRACT

Three tricyclic [6,5,7] and six tetracyclic [6,5,5,5] novel indole alkaloids were synthesized and evaluated on triglyceride inhibitory activities for the first time. Among them, compound 4c showed the most potent activity with IC50 value of 6.35 μmol·L-1. Meanwhile, compound 4c also exhibited a good safety profile at the cellular level. Preliminary mechanism study indicated that 4c might increase intracellular lipid metabolism by activating AMPK. These results provide a novel family of lead compounds for the discovery of anti-NAFLD candidates.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 533-540, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935423

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the prevalence and associated factors of metabolic syndrome (MS) among Tibetan pastoralists in transition from high altitude nomadic to settled urbanized environment, especially dietary factors. Methods: The community-based cross-sectional study included 920 Tibetan adults (men 419, women 501). Data were collected using questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, and biomarker tests. Questionnaires included socio-economic, lifestyle characteristics and food consumption. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns. The risk factors of MS and its components were analyzed by logistic regression model. Results: The prevalence rates of MS and its components were 32.8% (MS), 83.7% (decreased HDL-C), 62.1% (central obesity), 36.7% (elevated blood pressure), 11.8% (elevated TG), and 7.9% (elevated blood glucose), respectively. The prevalence of overweight was 31.2%, obesity 30.3%. Multivariate analysis showed smoking was associated factor for both of decreased HDL-C (OR=1.239, 95%CI: 1.025-1.496) and elevated TG (OR=1.277, 95%CI: 1.038-1.571). Alcohol drinking appeared as associated factor of elevated TG (OR=1.426, 95%CI: 1.055-1.927). However, physical activity showed as a protective factor for central obesity, decreased HDL-C, and elevated TG. With the increase of age, the adherence to the urban and western dietary patterns decreased, and that to the pastoral dietary pattern increased. By quintiles of dietary pattern scores, the urban dietary pattern was significantly associated with MS (trend test P=0.016). Conclusions: Tibetan pastoralists had high prevalence of both MS and obesity. Smoking, alcohol drinking, the transition from pastoral dietary pattern to urban dietary pattern and inadequate physical activity served as associated factors for MS and its components.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Cross-Sectional Studies , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Obesity, Abdominal , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Tibet/epidemiology
5.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 328-332, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922351

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Rapid decompressive craniectomy (DC) was the most effective method for the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) with cerebral hernia, but the mortality and disability rate is still high. We suspected that hematoma puncture drainage (PD) + DC may improve the therapeutic effect and thus compared the combined surgery with DC alone.@*METHODS@#From December 2013 to July 2019, patients with HICH from Linzhi, Tibet and Honghe, Yunnan Province were retrospectively analyzed. The selection criteria were as follows: (1) altitude ≥1500 m; (2) HICH patients with cerebral hernia; (3) Glascow coma scale score of 4-8 and time from onset to admission ≤3 h; (4) good liver and kidney function; and (5) complete case data. The included patients were divided into DC group and PD + DC group. The patients were followed up for 6 months. The outcome was assessed by Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) score, Kaplan-Meier survival curve and correlation between time from admission to operation and prognosis. A good outcome was defined as independent (GOS score, 4-5) and poor outcome defined as dependent (GOS score, 3-1). All data analyses were performed using SPSS 19, and comparison between two groups was conducted using separate t-tests or Chi-square tests.@*RESULTS@#A total of 65 patients was included. The age ranged 34-90 years (mean, 63.00 ± 14.04 years). Among them, 31 patients had the operation of PD + DC, whereas 34 patients underwent DC. The two groups had no significant difference in the basic characteristics. After 6 months of follow-up, in the PD + DC group there were 8 death, 4 vegetative state, 4 severe disability (GOS score 1-3, poor outcome 51.6 %); 8 moderate disability, and 7 good recovery (GOS score 4-5, good outcome 48.4 %); while in the DC group the result was 15 death, 6 vegetative state, 5 severe disability (poor outcome 76.5 %), 4 moderate disability and 4 good recovery (good outcome 23.5 %). The GOS score and good outcome were significantly less in DC group than in PD + DC group (Z = -1.993, p = 0.046; χ@*CONCLUSION@#PD + DC treatment can improve the good outcomes better than DC treatment for HICH with cerebral hernia at a high altitude.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Middle Aged , Altitude , China , Decompressive Craniectomy , Drainage , Encephalocele/surgery , Hematoma , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive/surgery , Prognosis , Punctures , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1267-1270, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921043

ABSTRACT

The differences in the objective, starting point, disease spectrum and interventions of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials at home and abroad are collected. By taking two articles of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials in foreign countries accepted by


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Clinical Trials as Topic , Internationality , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moxibustion
7.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 421-429, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953646

ABSTRACT

Objective: Tea polyphenols are natural extracts used widely throughout the world. However, the severe astringency of tea polyphenols has reduced patient compliance. Based on the analysis of the formation mechanism of astringency, this paper hopes to propose a new method to control the astringency of tea polyphenols and improve patient compliance without changing its effect. Methods: Artificial saliva was used to prepare the tea polyphenols solution with different pH, using β-casein to imitate salivary protein, and preparing 1.2 mg/mL β-casein solution. A fluorescence quenching test was used to study the interaction between tea polyphenols and β-casein, combined with the stability test results of the compound, we can choose the pH with weak binding but good stability as the best pH for masking astringency. The taste-masking tablets were prepared under the best pH conditions, and the Xinnaojian Original Tablets were prepared according to the conventional preparation method. The disintegration time limit and solubility were tested respectively. The astringency of Xinnaojian original tablets and taste-masking tablets was evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS). Results: The result of the fluorescence quenching test prompted that the combination force was the weakest when the pH was 4.9. Further synchronous fluorescence analysis showed that an increase in pH resulted in a decrease of the binding sites between tea polyphenols and β-casein, and this decrease was closely related to changes in tryptophan residues in β-casein. Both original and taste-masking Xinnaojian Tablets were prepared. Volunteers’ VAS scores illustrated that the astringency improved significantly with the masking tablets (P < 0.05). Conclusion: This pH-adjusting masking treatment had little effect on the recovery of polyphenols from the tablets or the dissolution of the tablets. This study provides a novel and feasible astringency masking technology for tea polyphenols and its preparation.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2472-2484, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886941

ABSTRACT

As a pleiotropic cytokine, interleukin-6 (IL-6) participates in many physiological activities in vivo. IL-6 plays an important role in the physiology and pathology of chronic inflammation, autoimmune diseases, tumors and other diseases through diverse mechanisms. At present, inhibitors targeting IL-6/IL-6R have been shown to improve treatments for some inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis. IL-6 binds to a specific receptor to activate the downstream JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway. However abnormally activated STAT3 often appears in various types of malignant tumors and participates in the occurrence and development of tumors. In addition, studies have shown that IL-6 is a key factor in the cytokine storm associated with COVID-19 patients. The physiological participation of IL-6/STAT3 pathway in complex diseases makes this pathway become a research hotspot for drug discovery. Therefore, we summarize the latest research progress of small molecular inhibitors on IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway, in order to provide a reference for the development of IL-6/STAT3 related drug in the future.

9.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 109-111, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886837

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiology and pathogenic characteristics of enterovirus in children with hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in Guangyuan area, and to provide a basis for the development of HFMD prevention and control strategies. Methods A total of 759 children with HFMD clinically diagnosed in Guangyuan area from January 2019 to January 2021 were randomly selected. The seasonal, age, gender, regional distribution and pathogen distribution characteristics of HFMD were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological methods. Results The incidence of HFMD was seasonal and presented a typical bimodal distribution, with the summer peak occurring from April to July (χ2=8.714, P2=7.542, P2=5.915, P2=8.455, P2=5.174, P<0.05). A total of 388 HFMD cases were tested positive for viral nucleic acid, with a positive rate of 51.12%, In mild cases, Cox A16, EV71, and other enteroviruses accounted for 27.64%, 29.54% and 29.54%, respectively. The proportion of EV71 in severe cases was 89.47%. Conclusion HFMD is widely distributed in Guangyuan area, with obvious seasonal and population differences. The prevention and control of HFMD should be strengthened in key areas, high incidence seasons and key populations, and the vaccination of children ≤3 years old should be further promoted to prevent the outbreak of HFMD.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1237-1241, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886674

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To provide a largescale assessment the prevalence of poor vision in 2020 among children and adolescents in Wuhan City, Hubei province and to provide basis for healthy vision promotion.@*Methods@#This crosssectional epidemiological study was conducted among 156 783 students, who lived in Wuhan during the COVID-19 period participated the vision screening through the online applet designed by Wuhan Center for Adolescent Poor Vision Prevetion and Control under the guidance of their guardians between June 19 and July 6, 2020. The demographic information and daily hours spent on various activities in the past week were investigated. The corresponding visual acuity data of students in 2019 before the COVID-19 outbreak was extracted from school vision monitoring records for each semester, which was measured by the experienced eye care professionals.@*Results@#The detection rate of poor vision (51.04%) in 2020 was significantly higher than that in 2019(43.04%)( χ 2=68 944.95, P <0.01). After adjustment for covariates, the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval for poor vision were 1.17(1.13-1.20), 1.07(1.04-1.10), 0.67 (0.65-0.69) and 0.62(0.60-0.64) in students with online class time, recreational screen time, indoor and outdoor activity time in the highest tertile, compared with the lowest tertile groups.@*Conclusion@#Increased rate of poor vision among primary and secondary schoool students deserves further concern. It is necessary to strengthen intervention of eyesight protection. Policies and programs aimed at improving opportunities for physical activities and decreasing multiple screen behaviors should be given priority.

11.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E114-E119, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804519

ABSTRACT

Lubricin is widely expressed in tissues in the musculoskeletal system, including articulate cartilage, tendon and synovium, which shows a close relationship with the structure and pathology of these tissues. Lubricin plays an important role in lubrication, anti-adhesion, proliferation inhibition and inflammation regulation, which may facilitate the healing of impaired tissues in the musculoskeletal system. This article reviews the research progress on expression and regulation of lubricin as well as its structure and function in wound repair of the musculoskeletal system, so as to provide theoretical evidences for further researches on the role of lubricin in the musculoskeletal system with its related mechanisms and the clinical application of lubricin.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3931-3937, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828365

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of ligustilide, the main active ingredient in Ligusticum wallichii, on mitochondria fission after PC12 cell injury induced by oxygen and glucose deprivation/reperfusion(OGD/R). In the experiment, an OGD/R model was established in vitro, and PC12 cells were pre-treated with ligustilide for 3 h, and then the cell viability was detected by CCK-8 method. The effect of different concentrations of ligustilide on the morphology of PC12 cells after OGD/R injury was observed under an inverted microscope. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the mitochondrial fission of PC12 cells after OGD/R injury. DCFH-DA immunofluorescence staining method was used to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS) changes. Changes in mitochondria membrane potential(MMP) were detected by flow cytometry. Hochest 33258 was used to observe the apoptosis of PC12 cells. Western blot was used to detect changes in cytochrome C(Cyt C) content in mitochondria and cytoplasm, and mitochondrial fission-related proteins Drp 1 and Fis 1. All results showed that compared with the model group, ligustilide significantly increased the survival rate of PC12 cells and the number of cells. Further experiments showed that ligustilide inhibited the release of ROS and decline of mitochondrial membrane potential in PC12 cells after OGD/R injury. Moreover, ligustilide reduced the release of Cyt C and promoted the expressions of Drp1 and Fis1 in mitochondrial fission proteins. Verification experiments showed that mitochondrial fission inhibitor mdivi-1 decreased cell survival rate and inhibited fission. The results indicated that ligustilide exerted neuro-protective effects by promoting mitochondrial fission and reducing cell damage. It preliminary proves that the mechanism of ligustilide on ischemic brain injury may be related to the promotion of mitochondrial fission and the maintenance of cell homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , 4-Butyrolactone , Apoptosis , Cell Survival , Glucose , Mitochondria , Oxygen , PC12 Cells , Reactive Oxygen Species , Reperfusion Injury
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 682-688, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941158

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the protective role of alprostadil on aortic dissection. Methods: 26 C57BL6 male mice were divided into control group (normal drinking water, n=13) and model group (1 g·kg-1·d-1 BAPN via drinking water, n=13). On day 14, mRNA expression of inflammatory-related genes as well as EP receptor families were detected by RT-PCR (n=6 each) and EP4 protein levels were determined by Western blot (n=7 each). Another 88 mice were divided into 3 groups: control group (n=22), model group (n=33) and treatment group (n=33). The mice in model group and treatment group were applied with BAPN (1 g·kg-1·d-1) via drinking water. The mice in treatment group received additional intraperitoneal injection with alprostadil (80 μg·kg-1·d-1) for 28 days. The mice in the control and model group received equal volume intraperitoneal injection with 0.9% saline respectively. The body weight and systolic blood pressure, the mortality and morbidity were monitored from the beginning until the designed end of the study. On day 28, the mice were sacrificed and aorta were fixed, embedded and sliced, followed by staining with HE and Victoria Blue. The distribution of EP4 was determined by immunohistochemistry in control (n=6) and model group (n=6). Furthermore, the concentration of PGE1 were tested among model (n=3) and treatment group (n=4). EP4 protein expression was determined in model group (n=7) and treatment group (n=6). Results: On day 14, mRNA expression level of MCP-1 ((2.74±1.55) vs. (1.00±0.49),<0.05) and MMP2((1.38±0.42) vs. (1.00±0.27), P<0.05) was significantly upregulated in model group compared with control group. Protein expression of EP4 receptor also increased in aorta in model group compared with control group (1.48±0.51 vs. 1.00±0.19, P<0.05). In the dissection area, the EP4 expression was also enriched compared with non-dissection area, particularly in endothelial cells and inflammatory cells on day 28. BAPN applied in drinking water (model and treatment groups) successfully induced the aortic dissection in mice, some mice died of the rupture. The elastic fibers were fractured, and the infiltrated immune cells were visible in dissected tissue. False lumen was formed. There was no dissection and death in the control group. Compared with control group, the morbidity and mortality rates were significantly increased in the model group (60.6%, 20/33, 30.3%, 10/33) and the treatment group (72.7%, 24/33, 24.2%, 8/33). The mortality and morbidity rates were similar between model and treatment groups. There is no difference in terms of SBP among three groups (P>0.05). Further study showed that after alprostadil injection, the blood concentration of PGE1 was increased in treatment group ((0.540±0.041 vs. 0.436±0.012)μmol/L, P<0.05). Besides, the EP4 receptor expression was downregulated in the treatment group compared to model group (0.60±0.30 vs. 1.00±0.20, P<0.05). Conclusion: EP4 expression is upregulated in BAPN induced aortic dissection mouse model. No protective effects are observed post alprostadil treatment in this model probably due to the reduced expression of EP4.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Alprostadil , Aminopropionitrile , Aortic Dissection , Disease Models, Animal , Endothelial Cells
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2586-2594, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828041

ABSTRACT

Corydalis Bungeanae Herba is often used to treat a variety of inflammatory diseases in traditional Chinese medicine. In order to determine its chemical material basis, the components of Corydalis Bungeanae Herba were isolated by automated purification system. Flavonoids and alkaloids were prepared, and all such components were identified by mass spectrometry. The effects of the components on the production of inflammatory mediators and pharmacological mechanisms in the lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cell inflammation model were examined. Mouse macrophages(RAW264.7) were first treated with LPS. The relationship between cell viability and LPS concentration was observed. Then, the effects of flavonoids components and alkaloid components with different administration concentrations on cell viability were detected to determine the maximum administration concentration. Secondly, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 μg·mL~(-1) flavonoids components and alkaloid components were added respectively to observe the effects and mechanism of different concentrations of flavonoids components and alkaloid components on LPS-induced inflammation of RAW264.7 macrophages. Griess reagent assay was used to detect NO content in cell supernatant. The inflammatory cytokines(TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6) in cell supernatant were determined by ELISA method. Western blot method was used to detect the intracellular nuclear factor(NF-κB) IκBα phosphorylation(p-IκBα), p65 phosphorylation(p-p65) and protein expression of TLR4, TLR2. The results showed that the alkaloid components inhibited the production of NO, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in a dose-dependent mannerin the concentration range of 2.5-20 μg·mL~(-1). In inflammation upstream pathways, the inhibitory effect of the alkaloid components on the TLR2 expression level was weaker than that of TLR4. In inflammation downstream, alkaloid components significantly inhibited phosphorylation of IκBα and p65 in a dose-dependent manner. These data suggested that the alkaloid components were the material basis components of Corydalis Bungeanae Herba, and its anti-inflammatory mechanism might be related to inhibiting the transmission of inflammatory signals in TLRs/NF-κB signaling pathways dominated by TLR4, interfering with the activation of inflammatory genes and inhibiting their over expression, and down-regulating the secretion level of inflammatory factors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Corydalis , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Lipopolysaccharides , NF-kappa B
15.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 4771-4779, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846185

ABSTRACT

Although nano preparations could improve the physicochemical properties of drugs, they are easy to be recognized and cleared by mononuclear phagocytes, which will not only reduce the half-life of drugs, but also cause immunogen reaction, thus affecting the safe and effective use of drugs. The combination of cell membrane and new nanotechnology will increase the cell compatibility with the advantages of nano preparations, further enhance the targeting effect of target organs or tissues, and improve the efficacy. At present, the existence of the brain barrier restricts the entry of all macromolecular substances and 98% small molecule drugs into the brain, becoming the main problem in the treatment of encephalopathy. Macrophages are common immune cells and play an important role in the development and prognosis of brain diseases. Therefore, the combination of macrophage membranes and nano preparations becomes the immune system's own substances to avoid recognition and clearance, and increase the circulation of drugs, then reuse the blood-brain barrier permeability of macrophages to increase the drug into brains to improve the clinical efficacy. Traditional Chinese medicine has complex components and significant curative effect, but most of them have problems in poor solubility and stability, which lead to low bioavailability in vivo and affect the application. Therefore, based on domestic and foreign literatures, this article integrates the application of macrophage membrane modified nano-preparations in encephalopathy and its effects on the medicinal properties of active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine, in order to promote the development and utilization of traditional Chinese medicine resources.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 68-75, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872858

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) belongs to the epidemic diseases of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which is infected by the air with disease and the initial stage of the disease is in upper energizer. TCM holds that the nose is the orifice of the lung and the gateway of the breath. WU Shang-xian, the famous external doctor in Qing dynasty, discussed in Liyue Pianwen that "for the disease in upper energizer, the most effective method is to use the medicine powder via nasal administration and sneeze to disperse". For thousands of years, ancient Chinese medical practitioners had explored and developed the TCM nasal administration method in the struggle against epidemics. Qingkailing is the basic formula for heat-clearing and detoxifying, and researches have clarified its therapeutic effect on upper respiratory tract infections. Therefore, based on TCM nasal administration, this article took Qingkailing as an example to study the feasibility of its nasal preparations for the treatment of COVID-19. On the one hand, it is helpful for the rapid development of Qingkailing nasal preparations for COVID-19. On the other hand, it can broaden the new thinking of TCM in treating epidemic diseases, and give full play to the advantages of TCM in treating epidemic diseases.

17.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 409-413,440, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805284

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study a maximum between-cluster variance based on differential search algorithm, and to select the multi-threshold for effectively segmentation of brain magnetic resonance images.@*Methods@#The brain extraction tool(BET) algorithm was used to remove the non-brain tissue part of the original magnetic resonance image. The best-fit with coalescing(BFC) algorithm was used to remove the intensity non-uniformity. The differential search algorithm was used to optimize the maximum between-cluster variance of the image to find the optimal threshold for multi-threshold segmentation of the magnetic resonance image. The method was validated using simulated magnetic resonance(MR) brain image data provided by BrainWeb.@*Results@#For MR images with different noise levels and intensity inhomogeneities, the proposed method was better than FSL, SPM and Brainsuite methods.@*Conclusions@#The maximum between-cluster variance based on differential search algorithm has better segmentation accuracy and robustness, especially for cerebrospinal fluid.

18.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 336-341, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789113

ABSTRACT

Objective To predict the 5-year survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by machine learning, and to improve the prediction efficiency and prediction accuracy. Methods The experiments were performed using NSCLC data from the SEER database. According to the imbalance of patient data, the Borderline-SMOTE method was used for data sampling. The perturbation-based feature selection (PFS) method and decision tree ( DT ) algorithm were used to screen the features and construct the postoperative survival prediction model . Results The patient data was balanced, and seven prognostic variables were screened, including primary site, stage group, surgical primary site, international classification of diseases, race and grade. Compared with LASSO, Tree-based, PFS-SVM and PFS-kNN models, the model constructed using PFS-DT has the best predictive effect. Conclusions The patient survival prediction model based on PFS-DT can effectively improve the accuracy of postoperative survival prediction in patients with NSCLC, and can provide a reference for doctors to provide treatment and improve prognosis.

19.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 409-413,440, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823494

ABSTRACT

Objective To study a maximum between-cluster variance based on differential search algorithm, and to select the multi-threshold for effectively segmentation of brain magnetic resonance images. Methods The brain extraction tool(BET) algorithm was used to remove the non-brain tissue part of the original magnetic resonance image. The best-fit with coalescing(BFC) algorithm was used to remove the intensity non-uniformity. The differential search algorithm was used to optimize the maximum between-cluster variance of the image to find the optimal threshold for multi-threshold segmentation of the magnetic resonance image. The method was validated using simulated magnetic resonance (MR) brain image data provided by BrainWeb. Results For MR images with different noise levels and intensity inhomogeneities, the proposed method was better than FSL, SPM and Brainsuite methods. Conclusions The maximum between-cluster variance based on differential search algorithm has better segmentation accuracy and robustness, especially for cerebrospinal fluid.

20.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 444-447, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985034

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the diatom population diversity in Dianchi by constructing a 18S rDNA clone library. Methods DNA from diatoms in 6 water samples of Dianchi was amplified with diatom 18S rDNA specific primer.The 18S rDNA clone library was constructed, and clones were randomly selected for sequence. Sequence alignment was performed by BLAST. The diatom population distribution in Dianchi was analyzed and the phylogenetic tree of diatom 18S rDNA in Dianchi waters was established with the MEGA v7.0.14 software. Results Two hundred and forty clones were sequenced, with 167 diatom sequences obtained, including 11 diatom species such as Stephanodiscus, Diatoma, and Melosira. There were certain differences in diatom population distribution among the 6 samples. Conclusion The population distribution of diatom species in Dianchi shows unique features and the sequence analysis of diatom 18S rDNA has a certain reference value to the inference of forensic drowning sites.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , DNA, Ribosomal/genetics , Diatoms/classification , Drowning , Forensic Sciences , Phylogeny , RNA, Ribosomal, 18S/genetics
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