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1.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 366-374, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the appropriate pretreatment methods for single cell RNA sequencing of airway aspirate cells.Methods:Four fresh airway aspirate specimens were collected from four patients with acute respiratory tract infections. These specimens were digested with airway aspirate digester and prepared into single cell suspension. The cells were used for library construction directly (DE), or fixed with 10×Genomics Chromium Next GEM Single Cell Fixed RNA Sample Preparation Kit and then mixed to construct the library (DF), or cryopreserved, thawed, fixed (FF) before mixed to construct the library. All three methods were treated with oil emulsion using 10 4 cells and subjected to single-cell sequencing using the 10×Genomics platform. The number of obtained cells, data quality, annotated cell types and expression of marker genes were analyzed. Differences in the expression of highly variable genes (HVGs) of the same cell subsets obtained by the three pretreatment methods were compared using Pearson correlation. Expression of the differentially expressed genes in the same cell subpopulation obtained by different pretreatment methods was also compared. The correlation of the expression of differentially expressed genes between the same cell subsets obtained by the three pretreatment methods was analyzed by Pearson correlation. Results:The median numbers of single cells obtained using DE, FF and DF methods were 2 733, 1 140 and 5 897 ( P>0.05). The unique molecular identifiers were higher than 500. The median numbers of genes obtained using the three methods were 801, 887 and 1 259 ( P>0.05). The cells with novelty score over 0.8 accounted for 99%, 87% and 93%, respectively. There were nine cell subsets obtained by the three methods, including squamous cells, secretory cells, ciliated cells, T cells, B cells, macrophages, plasma cells and neutrophils. DF and FF methods could obtain more basal cells with specific high expression of keratin 5 than DE method. The differentially expressed and highly variable genes in the same cell subsets obtained by the three pretreatment methods showed high consistency in their expression with a significant correlation ( P<0.001). Conclusions:Under the same sequencing data volume, the quality of data obtained from fixed airway aspirate single-cell suspensions using the method of probe hybridization and transcriptome sequencing was comparable to that obtained directly from fresh cells. This method was more suitable for the pretreatment of clinical samples used for single-cell RNA sequencing.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 520-520, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992200

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE The abnormal amyloid-β(Aβ)and oxidative stress assiociated with the progression of Alzheimer disease(AD).Quercetin has been reported to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in neurodegenerative disorders.In this present study,we designed to characterize the mechanisms by which quer-cetin exerts neuroprotective effects in murine neuroblas-toma N2a cells stably expressing human Swedish mutant amyloid precursor protein(N2a/APP).METHODS N2a/APP cells were treated with quercetin at concentrations of 10,20 and 50 μ mol·L-1 for 24 h.Cell viability was examined with CCK-8 assays.The protein levels of ERK1/2 and Akt were detected by Western blotting.Intra-cellular reactive oxygen species(ROS)was detected by a fluorescent probe 2,7-dichlorofluorescein diacetate(DCFH-DA).The mitochondrial membrane potential(Δψ m)in N2a/APP cells was detected by using JC-1 staining method.Immunofluorescence was used to detect the generation of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine(8-OHdG)and 4-hydroxynonenal(4-HNE).RESULTS Quercetin attenuated the enhancement of p-ERK1/2,reductions of p-Akt,and decreased levels of APP expression.More-over,quercetin alleviated loss of mitochondria membrane potential(MMP)since it attenuates these oxidative stress,as reflected in the levels of ROS,4-HNE and 8-OHdG,was elevated in N2a/APP cells and these effects were again ameliorated by quercetin.CONCLUSION Neuroprotection by quercetin in N2a/APP cells involves normalizing the impaired mitochondrial function and reducing oxidative stress via inactivation of the ERK1/2 and activation of the Akt pathways.

3.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 28-36, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971610

ABSTRACT

The emerging of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) caused COVID-19 pandemic. The first case of COVID-19 was reported at early December in 2019 in Wuhan City, China. To examine specific antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in biological samples before December 2019 would give clues when the epidemic of SARS-CoV-2 might start to circulate in populations. We obtained all 88,517 plasmas from 76,844 blood donors in Wuhan between 1 September and 31 December 2019. We first evaluated the pan-immunoglobin (pan-Ig) against SARS-CoV-2 in 43,850 samples from 32,484 blood donors with suitable sample quality and enough volume. Two hundred and sixty-four samples from 213 donors were pan-Ig reactive, then further tested IgG and IgM, and validated by neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. Two hundred and thirteen samples (from 175 donors) were only pan-Ig reactive, 8 (from 4 donors) were pan-Ig and IgG reactive, and 43 (from 34 donors) were pan-Ig and IgM reactive. Microneutralization assay showed all negative results. In addition, 213 screened reactive donors were analyzed and did not show obviously temporal or regional tendency, but the distribution of age showed a difference compared with all tested donors. Then we reviewed SARS-CoV-2 antibody results from these donors who donated several times from September 2019 to June 2020, partly tested in a previous published study, no one was found a significant increase in S/CO of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. Our findings showed no SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies existing among blood donors in Wuhan, China before 2020, indicating no evidence of transmission of COVID-19 before December 2019 in Wuhan, China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Viral , Blood Donors , China/epidemiology , COVID-19/immunology , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 421-429, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970479

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents in the ethanol extract of Hypericum wightianum(Hypericaceae) were purified by column chromatography and identified via magnetic resonance imaging(NMR), high-resolution mass spectrum, and circular dichroism. A total of 22 compounds were identified, including eight polyprenylated phloroglucinols(1-8), three chromones(9-11), and three terpenoids(14-16) and so on. Among them, compounds 16 and 17 were first reported in the genus Hypericum, and compounds 1-11, 14, 15, and 19 were first isolated from H. wightianum. Compounds 1-4 were previously reported as two pairs of enantiomers. This study reported the chiral resolutions and absolute configurations of compounds 1-4 for the first time.


Subject(s)
Phloroglucinol , Hypericum/chemistry , Molecular Structure , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry
5.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0628, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423443

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Physical training of high-level archers is a very critical point. It is now known that the ultimate goal of athletes' training is to achieve a good competitive state in their physical training. This has revealed that the relationship between athletes' attention stability and their performance in archery competitions also needs to be explored. Objective: Analyze the fitness training methods for Chinese archers. In addition, this paper also explores the relationship between attention and performance in competitions. Methods: By random sampling method, 24 archery athletes were investigated. They were divided into three groups: A, B, and C. Group A represented excellent scores (8), group B with good scores (8), and group C with average scores (8). Statistical methods were used to analyze and infer the data. Using the SPSS program, mathematical statistics were performed to objectify the data collected. Results: Athletes in group A had the greatest increase in attention after training, showing statistical significance (P<0.01). The comparison between groups B and C also showed statistical significance (P<0.01). Significant differences were found in the stability of attention between the experimental and control groups. Conclusion: The sport bow practice method can effectively improve athletes' concentration. This training method showed a significant effect on improving archers' attention and concentration. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: O treinamento físico dos arqueiros de alto nível é um ponto muito crítico e atualmente sabe-se que o objetivo final do treinamento dos atletas é alcançar um bom estado competitivo em seu treinamento físico. Isso tem revelado que a relação entre a estabilidade da atenção dos atletas e seu desempenho nas competições com arco também precisa ser explorada. Objetivo: Analisar os métodos de treinamento de aptidão física para os arqueiros chineses. Além disso, este documento também explora a relação entre a atenção e o desempenho nas competições. Métodos: Pelo método de amostragem aleatória investigou-se 24 atletas de arco e flecha. Eles foram divididos em três grupos: A, B, e C. O grupo A representando excelentes resultados (8); O grupo B com boas notas (8), e o grupo C com notas médias (8). Utilizou-se métodos estatísticos para analisar e inferir os dados. Utilizando o programa SPSS, foram realizadas as estatísticas matemáticas para objetivar os dados coletados. Resultados: Os atletas do grupo A tiveram o maior aumento na atenção após o treinamento, apresentando significância estatística (P<0,01). A comparação entre os grupos B e C também apresentou significância estatística significativa (P<0,01). Foram encontradas diferenças significativas na estabilidade da atenção entre os grupos experimental e controle. Conclusão: O método de prática com arco esportivo pode efetivamente melhorar a concentração dos atletas. Este método de treinamento apresentou um efeito significativo na melhoria da atenção e concentração dos arqueiros. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La preparación física de los arqueros de alto nivel es un punto muy crítico y hoy en día se sabe que el objetivo final del entrenamiento de los deportistas es alcanzar un buen estado competitivo en su preparación física. Esto ha revelado que la relación entre la estabilidad de la atención de los atletas y su rendimiento en las competiciones de tiro con arco también debe ser explorada. Objetivo: Analizar los métodos de entrenamiento físico de los arqueros chinos. Además, este trabajo también explora la relación entre la atención y el rendimiento en las competiciones. Métodos: Mediante un método de muestreo aleatorio se investigaron 24 atletas de tiro con arco. Se dividieron en tres grupos: A, B y C. El grupo A, que representa resultados excelentes (8); el grupo B, con buenos resultados (8), y el grupo C, con resultados medios (8). Se utilizaron métodos estadísticos para analizar e inferir los datos. Utilizando el programa SPSS, se realizaron estadísticas matemáticas para objetivar los datos recogidos. Resultados: Los atletas del grupo A tuvieron el mayor aumento de la atención después del entrenamiento, mostrando significación estadística (P<0,01). La comparación entre los grupos B y C también presentó significación estadística (P<0,01). Se encontraron diferencias significativas en la estabilidad de la atención entre los grupos experimental y de control. Conclusión: El método de práctica del arco deportivo puede mejorar eficazmente la concentración de los deportistas. Este método de entrenamiento mostró un efecto significativo en la mejora de la atención y la concentración de los arqueros. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 442-446, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935717

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the risk factors for syncope in children with severe idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Methods: Forty-four patients (age<18 years) with IPAH admitted to the Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital between May 2011 and October 2021 were retrospectively included. Patients were devided into syncope group and non-syncope group. Clinical manifestation and hemodynamic parameters including echocardiography, blood tests, right heart catheterization and acute pulmonary vascular expansion test were compared between two groups. Comparisons between groups were performed with unpaired Student t test, or Mann-Whitney U test or chi-square test. Logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) for parameters with statistically significant differences between groups and analyze the statistical correlation. Results: Among the 44 patients, 16 were males, the onset age was (7.2±3.9) years. Twenty-four (55%) children presented with 1 to 11 times of episodes of syncope, and 18 cases of whom induced by physical activity. Syncope group had a larger proportion of New York Heart Association (NYHA) heart function class Ⅲ-Ⅳ (67% (16/24) vs. 25% (5/20), χ2=7.59, P=0.006), higher brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) value ((251±39) vs. (61±40) pg/L, t=-2.18, P=0.035), higher pulmonary-to-aorta diameter ratio (1.6±0.4 vs. 1.4±0.2, t=-2.25, P=0.030) and larger pulmonary vascular resistance index ((22±11) vs. (16±7) WU/m2, t=-2.13, P=0.039) compared with non-syncope group. The proportion of patent foramen ovale (4% (1/24) vs. 45% (9/20), χ2=10.36, P=0.001), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ((68±5)% vs. (72±8)%, t=2.23, P=0.031) and the positive rate of acute pulmonary vascular expansion test (8% (2/24) vs. 35% (7/20), χ2=4.77, P=0.029) of syncope group were significantly lower than those of non-syncope group. Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that NYHA heart function Ⅲ-Ⅳ (OR=6.787, 95%CI 1.445-31.880), pulmonary vascular resistance index (OR=1.247, 95%CI 1.020-1.525) and BNP (OR=1.036, 95%CI 1.007-1.066) were independent risk factors for syncope. The patent foramen ovale (OR=0.010, 95%CI 0.000-0.586) was a protective factor for syncope. Conclusions: NYHA cardiac function grade, pulmonary vascular resistance index and BNP are independent risk factors for syncope. Patent foramen ovale is a protective factor for syncope. Exercise is the main inducement of syncope in children with IPAH.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension , Foramen Ovale, Patent , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke Volume , Syncope/etiology , Ventricular Function, Left
7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 96-102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935483

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of very well-differentiated adenocarcinoma (VWDA) of the stomach. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 12 cases of VWDA of the stomach were collected retrospectively at the People's Liberation Army Joint Logistics Support Force 989 Hospital (formerly 152 Hospital), Pingdingshan, China, from January 2013 to May 2021. The histological characteristics and immunophenotypes were observed and analyzed with review of current literature. Results: There were 8 males and 4 females with a median age of 63 years (range 47 to 80 years). The tumor involved in the upper part of the stomach in 6 cases, the middle part in 2 cases, and the lower part in 4 cases. The median diameter of the tumors was 17 mm (range 5-65 mm). The tumor cells were similar to absorbent cells, Paneth cells, foveolar epithelial cells, and goblet cells. The cells were arranged in a single layer, and the nuclei were slightly enlarged and located at the base. The nuclei were fusiform to slightly irregular, with loss of nuclear polarity. Early tubular VWDA was found in 9 cases, and the tumor glands were similar to intestinal metaplasia. In two cases the tumors infiltrated into the submucosa. The lesions in the mucosa and submucosa showed the glands with cystic expansion, bending, branching, spiky and abortive growth pattern. One case of early papillary tubular VWDA was confined to the mucosal layer and composed of foveolar-type epithelial cells. There were two cases of advanced papillary tubular VWDA, which consisted of foveolar-type epithelial, pyloric glands, or mucinous neck cells and were associated with intra-lymphatic cancer embolus and lymph node metastases. Background mucosal atrophy and intestinal metaplasia were observed in all cases. Immunohistochemical staining showed intestinal type VWDA in 1 case, mixed gastrointestinal type VWDA in 9 cases, and gastric type VWDA in 2 cases. The Ki-67 proliferation index of 8 cases limited to the mucosa was 40%-70%, 2 cases of infiltration into the submucosa and 2 cases of advanced carcinoma was 10%-25%. All the tumors showed a wild type of p53 protein expression pattern and negative HER2. Adenocarcinoma or high-grade dysplasia was diagnosed on preoperative biopsy in 5 cases, and chronic atrophic gastritis with intestinal metaplasia in 7 cases. The median follow-up time was 28 months (range 12-72 months). No recurrence was found in the 10 patients with early cancer. Of the two patients with advanced carcinoma, one patient had lung metastases and the other died. Conclusions: Gastric VWDA is a rare low-grade malignancy with structural features of highly differentiated adenocarcinoma and extremely low cytological atypia. The diagnostic value of structural abnormality is significantly greater than cytological atypia. The invasive growth of irregular glands in the deep mucosa and submucosa is reliable evidence for diagnosis. The diagnosis of intramucosal VWDA is challenging and very difficult in some biopsy specimens.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Hyperplasia/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2543-2547, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955047

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expectations and values of patients with malocclusion on participation in shared decision-making of orthognathic surgical protocols, and to provide references for further development of clinical shared decision-making models.Methods:Based on the expected value theory and descriptive qualitative research methods, using purposive sampling, 13 patients with malocclusion in the Ninth People's Hospital of Shanghai Jiao tong University School of Medicine from May to August in 2021 were selected for semi-structured interviews. The interview data were sorted, classified and refined by traditional content analysis.Results:Two themes were extracted: patients' ability beliefs about their ability to participate in shared decision making for orthognathic surgery(decision support ability, psychological coping ability and environmental adaptability), and task values for shared decision making for orthognathic surgery(interest value, acquisition value).Conclusions:Low level of patients′ ability beliefs in shared decision-making, active physician guidance facilitates patient participation, but the depth of patient participation is influenced by factors such as information support, cultural climate, and physical space for shared decision making. It is suggested that the magnetic role of physicians should be actively played, the shared decision-making team should be strengthened, at the same time, hospital manager should enhance shared decision making propaganda to increase the acceptance and participation of patients in shared decision making so as to improve the quality of shared decision-making.

9.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1038-1043, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To understand the temporal trend of and the factors affecting depressive symptoms in Chinese menopausal women to provide evidence for the development of prevention and treatment strategies.@*METHODS@#CHARLS data were used to select menopausal women aged 45-60 years. Complete values of the key variables were screened and missing values were removed to obtain the cross-sectional data of the years 2011 (n=4318), 2013 (n=4200), 2015 (n=3930), and 2018 (n= 4147). The panel data were matched by the cross-sectional data, and a total of 5040 cases with complete record of the follow-up data were obtained for the 4 years to constitute a balanced short panel dataset with n=1260 and T=4. The prevalence and temporal trend of depressive symptoms in the menopausal women were analyzed based on the panel data. The random-effects Logit model with a panel dichotomous choice model was used to explore the factors affecting depressive symptoms in the menopausal women.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of depressive symptoms in the menopausal women calculated based on the panel data was 35.9%, 33.1%, 36.7% and 43.7% in the 4 years, respectively, showing no statistically significant changes in the temporal trend (APC=3.25%, P=0.183). The results of the random-effects Logit model analysis showed that living in the urban area (OR=0.570, 95%CI: 0.457-0.710), a high education level (OR=0.759, 95%CI: 0.655-0.879), and having a spouse (OR=0.363, 95% CI: 0.236-0.558) were associated with a decreased incidence of depressive symptoms, while poor self-reported health (OR= 2.704, 95% CI: 2.152-3.396), disability (OR=1.457, 95%CI: 1.087-1.954), chronic disease (OR=1.407, 95% CI: 1.179-1.680), falls in the last two years (OR=2.028, 95% CI: 1.613-2.550), abnormal sleep duration (OR=2.249, 95% CI: 1.896-2.664), and dissatisfaction with life (OR=4.803, 95% CI: 3.757-6.140) were associated with an increased incidence of depressive symptoms.@*CONCLUSION@#The prevalence of depressive symptoms is relatively high in menopausal women in China. Measures should be taken to ensure that the menopausal women living in rural areas, with low education level, without spouse, with a poor self-reported health status, disability, chronic diseases, falls in recent two years, abnormal sleep time and dissatisfaction with life have access to psychological health care services and interventions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , China/epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/psychology , Hot Flashes/psychology , Menopause/psychology
10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 196-203, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940778

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveChemical components in ethanol extract of Cyclocarya paliurus dried leaves were analyzed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS). MethodAn Agilent Poroshell 120 EC-C18 column (3.0 mm×100 mm, 2.7 μm) was used with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) as the mobile phase for gradient elution (0-26 min,2%-18%B; 26-60 min, 18%-72%B; 60-70 min, 72%-100%B; 70-71 min, 100%-2%B; 71-72 min, 2%B), and the flow rate of 0.4 mL·min-1 and injection volume of 3 μL. The electrospray ionization (ESI) was used in positive and negative modes, and detection range was m/z 50-1 100. The collected data were processed by Agilent MassHunter workstation. According to the retention time and MS information of each compound, combined with existing literature and MS database information, the compounds were identified and analyzed for the fragmentation rule. ResultA total of 52, 55 components were identified in the positive and negative ion modes, respectively. Among them, 14 flavonoids, 3 triterpenoids, 15 organic acids and 20 other compounds were identified under positive ion mode, while 18 flavonoids, 9 triterpenoids, 18 organic acids and 10 other compounds were identified under the negative ion mode. By summarizing the positive and negative ion modes and removing the common compounds, 87 compounds were identified, including 22 flavonoids, 27 organic acids, 11 triterpenoids and 27 other compounds. ConclusionUHPLC-Q-TOF/MS can be used to quickly analyze the chemical constituents in C. paliurus dried leaves. 1-Kestose and 18β-glycyrrhetinic acid and other components related to hypoglycemic activity of this herb are identified for the first time, which can provide reference for clarifying the pharmacodynamic substance basis of C. paliurus dried leaves.

11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 26-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a polylactic acid-glycolic acid-polyethylene glycol (PLGA-PEG) nanocarrier (N-Pac-CD133) coupled with a CD133 nucleic acid aptamer carrying paclitaxel for eliminating lung cancer stem cells (CSCs).@*METHODS@#Paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 was prepared using the emulsion/solvent evaporation method and characterized. CD133+ lung CSCs were separated by magnetic bead separation and identified for their biological behaviors and gene expression profile. The efficiency of paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 for targeted killing of lung cancer cells was assessed in vitro. SCID mice were inoculated with A549 cells and received injections of normal saline, empty nanocarrier linked with CD133 aptamer (N-CD133), paclitaxel, paclitaxel-loaded nanocarrier (N-Pac) or paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 (n=8, 5 mg/kg paclitaxel) on days 10, 15 and 20, and the tumor weight and body weight of the mice were measured on day 40.@*RESULTS@#Paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 showed a particle size of about 100 nm with a high encapsulation efficiency (>80%) and drug loading rate (>8%), and was capable of sustained drug release within 48 h. The CD133+ cell population in lung cancer cells showed the characteristic features of lung CSCs, including faster growth rate (30 days, P=0.001) and high expressions of tumor stem cell markers OV6(P < 0.001), CD133 (P=0.001), OCT3/4 (P=0.002), EpCAM (P=0.04), NANOG (P=0.005) and CD44 (P=0.02). Compared with N-Pac and free paclitaxel, paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 showed significantly enhanced targeting ability and cytotoxicity against lung CSCs in vitro (P < 0.001) and significantly reduced the formation of tumor spheres (P < 0.001). In the tumor-bearing mice, paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 showed the strongest effects in reducing the tumor mass among all the treatments (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#CD133 aptamer can promote targeted delivery of paclitaxel to allow targeted killing of CD133+ lung CSCs. N-Pac-CD133 loaded with paclitaxel may provide an effective treatment for lung cancer by targeting the lung cancer stem cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Carriers , Lung , Mice, SCID , Nanoparticles , Neoplasms , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Paclitaxel/pharmacology , Polyethylene Glycols/pharmacology
12.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 659-662, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887909

ABSTRACT

The incidence of endophthalmitis after vitrectomy is extremely low,especially lower in silicone oil-filled eyes.Silicone oil exerts a toxic effect on the cell membranes of microorganisms and leads to the lack of nutrients.It is thus believed to inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungi.Endophthalmitis induced by mixed bacteria in silicone oil-filled eye has been rarely reported.We reviewed the clinical manifestations,diagnosis,and treatment of a patient with endophthalmitis caused by mixed infection of


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteria , Coinfection , Endophthalmitis , Silicone Oils/adverse effects , Vitrectomy
13.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 366-369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912760

ABSTRACT

Overall progress of the Healthy China initiative highlights the importance of medical humanities in the connotation construction of health services, hence making standardized construction and effective governance of medical social workers a focus of the current healthcare reform. This study summarized the practices of medical social workers engaged in the cabin hospital in Wuchang district, Wuhan city, Hubei province during the outbreak of COVID-19. Their efforts aimed at reducing the stress faced by front-line medical workers, and assisting the patients to achieve body-mind balance for better treatment outcomes." Online+ offline" and" in-cabin+ out-of-cabin" service teams were organized to assist these medical staff, provide social support, and integrate resources. The study analyzed the problems and challenges in the process of practice, and provided a reference for further improving the management of public health emergency services.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 196-203, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effective components, targets, and possible mechanisms of Wenshen Yangxue prescription in improving endometrial receptivity of aged female mice based on network pharmacology and experimental verification. Method:Based on Bioinformatics Analysis Tool for Molecular mechANism of Traditional Chinese Medicine (BATMAN-TCM) and Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the components and targets of Wenshen Yangxue prescription were retrieved, and the targets of ovulatory dysfunctional infertility were collected from the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) and GeneCards with "anovulatory sterility" and "anovulatory infertility" as keywords. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed based on STRING and the core targets of Wenshen Yangxue prescription against ovulatory dysfunctional infertility were screened by Cytoscape, followed by Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment of the core targets in DAVID database. Then, the "medicinal-component-target-pathway" network was established and the core targets were verified by animal experiment. Result:A total of 253 components and 326 targets of Wenshen Yangxue prescription, 819 disease targets, and 74 common targets were screened out. The common targets were mainly involved in the biological processes such as positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process, positive regulation of cell proliferation, response to estradiol, aging, response to oxidative stress, and angiogenesis. The GO term of response to oxidative stress and five of the top 20 KEGG pathways were analyzed. According to the "medicinal-component-target-biological process/pathway" network, 41 chemical components in 20 medicinals participated in hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway, forkhead box O (FOXO) signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor (TLR) signal pathway, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway by affecting 35 targets. The results of animal experiment showed that the prescription could increase the expression of PI3K, phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K), Akt, phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), forkhead box O3A (FoxO3A), and phosphorylated FoxO3A (p-FoxO3A) in uterus of aged female ICR mice. Conclusion:Wenshen Yangxue prescription interferes with oxidative stress and PI3K/Akt/FoxO3A signaling pathway by influencing Akt1, dual oxidase 2 (DUOX2), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX1), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and other targets, thereby improving endometrial receptivity of aged female mice.

15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 597-600, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application value of liquid crystal digital display goniometer in total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to December 2019, 83 patients underwent primary total hip arthroplasty, including 28 males and 55 females, aged 42 to 81 (70.4±7.9) years. There were 63 cases of femoral neck fracture and 20 cases of avascular necrosis of femoral head. All patients used liquid crystal digital goniometer to control the anteversion of acetabular cup prosthesis during operation, and CT scanning was used to measure the anteversion of acetabular cup after operation. The two methods were compared to understand the accuracy of using liquid crystal digital goniometer.@*RESULTS@#Postoperative CT measurement showed that the acetabular anteversion of all patients was in the safe area advocated by Lewinnek. The anteversion angle of acetabular cup measured by liquid crystal digital goniometer was 14.20(12.80 to 15.40)°, and the anteversion angle of acetabular cup measured by postoperative CT scan was 14.20 (13.40 to 15.50)°. There was no significant difference between the two (@*CONCLUSION@#It is an accurate and reliable method to control the anteversion of acetabular cup with liquid crystal digital display angle instrument, which has a good auxiliary reference value.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hip Prosthesis , Liquid Crystals , Retrospective Studies
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1621-1626, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881566

ABSTRACT

Hyperuricemia is not only the biochemical basis of gout, but also closely related to the development of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, chronic kidney disease, etc. Xanthine oxidase (XOD) is the key catalytic enzyme for uric acid biosynthesis, therefore the vital target for anti-hyperuricemic drugs. In this study, compound CC18022 was designed and synthesized specifically targeting to XOD. Molecular docking analysis indicated a fairly tight binding between CC18022 and XOD. In the in vitro study, CC18022 significantly inhibited XOD activity with a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value in the order of nmol·L-1, which is relative to the XOD inhibitor febuxostat. By using both acute and chronic hyperuricemic mice model, compound CC18022 was found to have serum uric acid-lowering effect in a dose-dependent manner in vivo. The animal welfare and experimental processes were in accordance with the provisions of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. In the acute hyperuricemic mice, CC18022 significantly inhibited serum XOD activity, and also the XOD activity in intestine and liver, which were related to purine absorption and metabolism. Therefore, the novel compound CC18022 exhibited significant inhibition on XOD activity and anti-hyperuricemic effects, making it a favorable candidate for further research.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1148-1157, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881190

ABSTRACT

As one of the most lethal diseases, pancreatic cancer shows a dismal overall prognosis and high resistance to most treatment modalities. Furthermore, pancreatic cancer escapes early detection during the curable period because early symptoms rarely emerge and specific markers for this disease have not been found. Although combinations of new drugs, multimodal therapies, and adjuvants prolong survival, most patients still relapse after surgery and eventually die. Consequently, the search for more effective treatments for pancreatic cancer is highly relevant and justified. As a newly re-discovered mediator of gasotransmission, hydrogen sulfide (H

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1570-1576, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922297

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expressions of microRNAs in peripheral blood of patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia(ITP) and its correlation with the imbalance of Th1/Th2 cells.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with ITP (ITP group) and 15 healthy people (control group) were enrolled.Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expressions of six miRNAs (miR-107,miR-205-5p,miR-138-5p,miR-326,miR-1827,miR-185-5p) and Th1-specific transcription factor T-bet mRNA and Th2-specific transcription factor GATA-3 mRNA in the peripheral blood of the two groups. Th1 and Th2 cells were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of Th1-cytokines TNF-α and IFN-γ and Th2-cytokines IL-4 and IL-10 were detected by AimPlex multiple immunoassays for Flow. The expression difference of miRNAs, mRNA, Th1, Th2 cells and cytokines of the two groups were compared, and the correlations of miRNAs to mRNA, Th1, Th2 cells and cytokines were analyzed in ITP group.@*RESULTS@#The expressions of miRNAs(miR-107, miR-205-5p, miR-138-5p, miR-326, miR-1827, miR-185-5p)and Th2-specific transcription factor GATA-3 mRNA of the patients in ITP group were significantly decreased (P<0.05) as compared with those in control, while the expressions of Th1 cells and Th1-specific transcription factor T-bet mRNA and Th1-cytokines TNF-α were significantly increased (P<0.05), also for the ratios of T-bet mRNA/GATA-3 mRNA and Th1/Th2 cells were significantly increased (P<0.05). The relative expressions of miR-107, miR-205-5p, miR-138-5p in ITP patients were negatively correlated with Th2 cells (r=-0.411, r=-0.593, r=-0.403,P<0.05) and the relative expression of miR-1827 was negatively correlated with TNF-α (r=-0.390).@*CONCLUSION@#The relative expressions of the six miRNAs in peripheral blood of patients with ITP are significantly decreased, which result in the increasing ratio of T-bet mRNA/GATA-3 mRNA, then lead to the imbalance of Th1/Th2.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , RNA, Messenger , Th1 Cells , Th2 Cells
19.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 729-736, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922106

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the effects of Chinese medicine (CM) involving triple rehabilitation therapy on the progression of knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#A total of 722 patients recruited from 38 community health service centers located in China from March 2013 to March 2017 were randomly divided into treatment and control groups equally, using a cluster randomization design. Health education combined with CM involving triple rehabilitation therapy for KOA (electro-acupuncture, Chinese medicinal herb fumigating-washing, and traditional exercises) was administered in the treatment group while conventional rehabilitation therapy (physical factor therapy, joint movement training, and muscle strength training) was administered in the control group. Patients with a visual analog scale (VAS) scores ≽4 were treated with dispersible meloxicam tablets (7.5 mg, once daily). The Lequesne index scores, VAS scores, range of motion (ROM), lower limb muscle strength, knee joint circumference, quantitative scores of KOA symptoms, and the short-form 36 item health survey questionnaire (SF-36) scores were measured for each patient at 5 checkpoints (before treatment, at the 2nd week and the 4th week during the 4-week treatment period, at 1 month and 3 months after end of treatment), and adverse reactions were observed also.@*RESULTS@#A total of 696 patients completed the entire process, with 351 in the treatment group and 345 in the control group. At all treatment checkpoints, the treatment group demonstrated better outcomes than the control group with regard to the total Lequesne index scores, effective rate and improvement rate of the total Lequesne index scores, VAS scores, lower limb muscle strength, knee circumference, quantitative scores of KOA symptoms, and SF-36 scores as well (P<0.05 or P<0.01). No adverse reactions were encountered in this study.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CM involving triple rehabilitation therapy can alleviate KOA-related pain and swelling, improve lower limb muscle strength, promote flexion and activity of the knee and improve the quality of life in patients undergoing KOA. It is suitable for patients with early or mid-stage KOA. (Registration No. ChiCTR-TRC-12002538).


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Outpatients , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 99-105, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865020

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of real-time virtual sonography (RVS)in the diagnosis and treatment of complicated hepatolithiasis.Methods The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted.The clinical data of 10 patients with complicated hepatolithiasis who were admitted to Hunan Provincial People's Hospital between October 2017 and March 2018 were collected.There were 3 males and 7 females,aged from 40 to 69 years,with an average age of 57 years.Patients received abdominal color Doppler ultrasound examination,magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography,and upper abdominal spiral computed tomography (CT) thinly scanning +enhanced examination.Data of CT examination were imported into RVS.RVS was used to locate hepatolithiasis,relationship between stones and vessels,anatomy of bile ducts and vessels in hepatic hilus.Surgical methods included RVS-guided hilar cholangiotomy,biliary stricturoplasty,bilateral hepatojejunostomy,hepatic segmentectomy (lobectomy),and hepatolithotomy.Observation indicators:(1) surgical and postoperative situations;(2) typical case analysis;(3) follow-up.Follow-up using outpatient examination was performed to detect residual stones up to June 2019.Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range).Count data were described as absolute numbers.Results (1) Surgical and postoperative situations:10 patients underwent RVS-guided surgeries successfully for complicated hepatolithiasis,with successful match in RVS (difference between CT images and ultrosound images < 2 mm).No residual stone was identified by choledochoscope during operation.The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss were 285 minutes (range,210-360 minutes) and 200 mL (range,100-600 mL),respectively.No blood transfusion was needed during the operations.The duration of hospital stay was 20.5 days (range,14.0-29.0 days).There was no perioperative death.One patient had postoperative biliary leakage and abdominal infection,and was cured after conservative treatment.(2) Typical case analysis:the tenth patient,female,60 years old,was diagnosed with complicated hepatolithiasis,and was prepared to undergo hepatolithotomy + quadrate lobectomy and hilar cholangioplasty+bilateral hepatojejunostomy.Preoperative CT images and intraoperative color Doppler ultrasound images of the patient were fused and matched on the sagittal section of the portal vein and the cross section of the right branch of portal vein,and stones and important vessels were marked on the images.After accurate positioning,a curette was used to remove the stones.Removal of biliary stones through hepatic parenchyma and peripheral dilated bile ducts was conducted at the site where stones obviously existed.After the stones were removed,the intrahepatic bile duct and hilar bile duct merged.The left end of the bile duct split was confirmed by real-time ultrasound.After location of portal vein was determined by ultrasound,vascular plastic surgery was perfomed to avoid stenosis.(3) Follow-up:10 patients were followed up for 6-12 months,with a median followup time of 8 months.One of 10 patients was suspected residual stones at the right peripheral hepatic anterior lobe by postoperative angiography at 2 months after surgery,and was not removed stones by choledochoscope.The patient had no recurrent symptoms after T-tube removal.The other 9 patients had no residual stones.Conclusion RVS applied in complicated hepatolithiasis is helpful for the precise intraoperative diagnosis,and the surgical treatment can be safe and effective.

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