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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 751-758, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985557

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of norovirus-caused acute gastroenteritis outbreaks in China, identify the factors influencing the scale of outbreaks, and provide scientific evidences for early control of norovirus infection outbreaks. Methods: The descriptive epidemiological analysis approach was applied to analyze the incidence of national norovirus infection outbreaks by using the data from the Public Health Emergency Event Surveillance System in China from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2021. The unconditional logistic regression model was applied to analyze the risk factors that affected the outbreaks' scale. Results: A total of 1 725 norovirus infection outbreaks were recorded in China from 2007 to 2021, with an upward trend in the number of the reported outbreaks. The southern provinces had their annual outbreak peaks from October to March; the northern provinces had two outbreak peaks from October to December and from March to June annually. The outbreaks occurred mainly in southeastern coastal provinces with a trend of gradual spread to central, northeastern and western provinces. The outbreaks mainly occurred in schools and childcare setting (1 539 cases, 89.22%), followed by enterprises and institutions (67 cases, 3.88%) and community households (55 cases, 3.19%). Human to human transmission was the main infection route (73.16%), and norovirus GⅡ genotype was the predominate pathogen causing the outbreaks (899 cases, 81.58%). The time interval between the onset of the primary case and the outbreak reporting M (Q1, Q3) was 3 (2, 6) days and the case number of the outbreak M (Q1, Q3) was 38 (28, 62). The timeliness of outbreak reporting was improved in recent years and the scale of the outbreaks showed a decreasing trend over the years, the differences in reporting timeliness and outbreak scale among different settings were significant (P<0.001). The factors that affected outbreaks' scale included the outbreak setting, transmission route, outbreak reporting timeliness and type of living areas (P<0.05). Conclusions: From 2007 to 2021, the number of the norovirus-caused acute gastroenteritis outbreaks increased in China and the more areas were affected. However, the outbreak scale showed a decreasing trend and the outbreak reporting timeliness was improved. It is important to further improve the surveillance sensitivity and reporting timeliness for the effective control of the outbreak scale.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Norovirus , Disease Outbreaks , China , Child Care , Gastroenteritis
2.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 659-666, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984761

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the latent period and incubation period of Omicron variant infections and analyze associated factors. Methods: From January 1 to June 30, 2022, 467 infections and 335 symptomatic infections in five local Omicron variant outbreaks in China were selected as the study subjects. The latent period and incubation period were estimated by using log-normal distribution and gamma distribution models, and the associated factors were analyzed by using the accelerated failure time model (AFT). Results: The median (Q1, Q3) age of 467 Omicron infections including 253 males (54.18%) was 26 (20, 39) years old. There were 132 asymptomatic infections (28.27%) and 335 (71.73%) symptomatic infections. The mean latent period of 467 Omicron infections was 2.65 (95%CI: 2.53-2.78) days, and 98% of infections were positive for nucleic acid test within 6.37 (95%CI: 5.86-6.82) days after infection. The mean incubation period of 335 symptomatic infections was 3.40 (95%CI: 3.25-3.57) days, and 97% of them developed clinical symptoms within 6.80 (95%CI: 6.34-7.22) days after infection. The results of the AFT model analysis showed that compared with the group aged 18-49 years old, the latent period [exp(β)=1.36 (95%CI: 1.16-1.60), P<0.001] and incubation period [exp(β)=1.24 (95%CI: 1.07-1.45), P=0.006] of infections aged 0-17 years old were prolonged. The latent period [exp(β)=1.38 (95%CI: 1.17-1.63), P<0.001] and the incubation period [exp(β)=1.26 (95%CI: 1.06-1.48), P=0.007] of infections aged 50 years old and above were also prolonged. Conclusion: The latent period and incubation period of most Omicron infections are within 7 days, and age may be a influencing factor of the latent period and incubation period.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Adolescent , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Infectious Disease Incubation Period , Asymptomatic Infections
3.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 430-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985664

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the expression profile of circular RNA (circRNA) in placenta of pre-eclampsia (PE) pregnant women by high-throughput sequencing, and to construct the circRNA-microRNA (miRNA)-messenger RNA (mRNA) interaction network, so as to reveal the related pathways and regulatory mechanisms of PE. Methods: The clinical data and placentas of 42 women with PE (PE group) and 30 normal pregnant women (control group) who delivered in West China Second University Hospital from November 2019 to June 2021 were collected. (1) High-throughput sequencing was used to establish the differentially expressed circRNA profiles in placental tissues of 5 pairs of PE group and the control group. (2) Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the expression levels of 6 differentially expressed circRNAs in placental tissues of PE group and control group. (3) Bioinformatics analysis was used to predict the target miRNA and analyze the co-expressed mRNA to construct a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network. The differentially expressed circRNAs were analyzed by Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathways. (4) Logistic regression analysis, Pearson correlation and Kendall's tau-b correlation analysis were used to test the correlation between the three differentially expressed circRNAs and the risk of PE and clinical characteristics. (5) circRNA_05393 was selected for subsequent functional study. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) and overexpression plasmid were used to knock down or increase the expression level of circRNA_05393 in trophoblast cell line HTR-8/SVneo cells, respectively. Transwell assay was used to detect the migration and invasion ability of the trophoblasts in vitro. Cell counting kit-8 assay was used to detect the proliferation ability of the trophoblasts. Results: (1) Seventy-two differentially expressed circRNAs were identified by high-throughput sequencing, of which 35 were up-regulated and 37 were down-regulated. (2) qRT-PCR showed that compared with the control group, circRNA_00673 (1.306±0.168 vs 2.059±0.242; t=2.356, P=0.021) and circRNA_07796 (1.275±0.232 vs 1.954±0.230; t=2.018, P=0.047) were significantly increased, while circRNA_05393 (1.846±0.377 vs 0.790±0.094; t=3.138, P=0.002) was significantly decreased. (3) The circRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction network contained 3 circRNAs, 8 miRNAs and 53 mRNAs. GO functional annotation analysis showed that the biological process was mainly enriched in iron ion homeostasis, membrane depolarization during action potential and neuronal action potential. In terms of cellular components, they were mainly enriched in cytoskeleton and membrane components. In terms of molecular function, they were mainly enriched in the activity of voltage-gated sodium channel and basic amino acid transmembrane transporter. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that mRNAs in the interaction network were mainly enriched in complement and coagulation cascade, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, p53 signaling pathway and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors (PPAR) signaling pathway. (4) Logistic regression analysis showed that down-regulation of circRNA_05393 expression was a risk factor for PE (OR=0.044, 95%CI: 0.003-0.596; P=0.019). Correlation analysis showed that circRNA_05393 was significantly correlated with systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in PE pregnant women (both P<0.05). (5) Knock down or overexpression of circRNA_05393 significantly reduced or increased the migration and invasion abilities of HTR-8/SVneo cells (all P<0.05), but had no significant effect on the ability of tube formation and proliferation (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The construction of circRNA expression profile in placenta and the exploration of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction network provide the possibility to reveal the regulatory mechanism of specific circRNA involved in PE. Inhibition of circRNA_05393 may induce the progression of PE by reducing the migration and invasion of trophoblasts.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Circular/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia/metabolism , Placenta/metabolism , RNA/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Gene Expression Profiling
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1157-1162, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985648

ABSTRACT

Influenza is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by influenza virus. Pregnancy is associated with physiologic and immunological changes that may increase the risk for influenza virus infection and influenza-related complications. Influenza vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza virus infection. WHO and many countries have classified pregnant women as a priority population for influenza vaccination, however, there are still many challenges for promoting influenza vaccination in pregnant women in China, influenza vaccination coverage in pregnant women remains low and some influenza vaccine package inserts list pregnancy as an absolute contraindication. In this paper, we summarize the research progress in the effects of influenza infection and influenza vaccination during pregnancy both at home and abroad, then discuss the strategies to promote influenza vaccination in pregnancy for the purpose of providing reference for the related research and policy development in China.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Pregnant Women , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Influenza Vaccines , Vaccination , Orthomyxoviridae
5.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 572-578, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986929

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of salivary microbiota in patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Methods: A case-control study was applied to enroll 60 patients and healthy subjects who were outpatients of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of the Eighth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from December 2020 to March 2021, including 35 males and 25 females, aged from 21 to 80 (33.75±11.10) years. Thirty patients with suspected laryngopharyngeal reflux were selected as study group and thirty healthy volunteers without pharyngeal symptoms were selected as control group. Their salivary samples were collected, and the salivary microbiota was detected and analyzed by 16S rDNA sequencing. SPSS 18.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: There was no significant difference in the diversity of salivary microbiota between the two groups. At the phylum classification level, the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes in the study group was higher than that in the control group[37.86(31.15, 41.54)% vs 30.24(25.51, 34.18)%,Z=-3.46,P<0.01]. And the relative abundance of Proteobacteria in the study group was lower than that in the control group [15.76(11.81, 20.17)% vs 20.63(13.98, 28.82)%, Z=-1.98,P<0.05]. At the genus level, the relative abundance of Prevotella, Lactobacillus, Parascardovia and Sphingobium in the study group was higher than that in the control group(Z values were-2.92, -2.69, -2.05, -2.31, respectively, P<0.05).And the relative abundance of Streptococcus, Cardiobacterium, Klebsiella and Uruburuella of study group was lower than that of control group(Z values were -2.43, -2.32, -2.17, -2.32, respectively, P<0.05). LEfSe difference analysis showed that there were 39 bacteria with significant differences between the two groups, including Bacteroidetes, Prevotellaceae and Prevotella, which were enriched in the study group, and Streptococcaceae, Streptococcus and other taxa, which were enriched in the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion: The changes of the microflora in the saliva between LPR patients and healthy people suggest that the dysbacteriosis might exist in LPR patients, which may play an important role in the pathogenesis and development of LPR.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Microbiota , Outpatients , Saliva/microbiology
6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1-8, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969910

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the latent period and incubation period of Omicron variant infections and analyze associated factors. Methods: From January 1 to June 30, 2022, 467 infected persons and 335 confirmed cases in five local Omicron variant outbreaks in China were selected as the study subjects. The latent period and incubation period were estimated by using log-normal distribution and gamma distribution models, and the associated factors were analyzed by using the accelerated failure time model (AFT). Results: The median (Q1, Q3) age of 467 Omicron infections including 253 males (54.18%) was 26 (20, 39) years old. There were 132 asymptomatic infections (28.27%) and 335 (71.73%) symptomatic infections. The mean latent period of 467 Omicron infections was 2.65 (95%CI: 2.53-2.78) days, and 98% of infections were positive for nucleic acid detection within 6.37 (95%CI: 5.86-6.82) days after infection. The mean incubation period of 335 symptomatic infections was 3.40 (95%CI: 3.25-3.57) days, and 97% of them developed clinical symptoms within 6.80 (95%CI: 6.34-7.22) days after infection. The results of the AFT model analysis showed that compared with the group aged 18~49 years old, the latent period [exp(β)=1.36 (95%CI: 1.16-1.60), P<0.001] and incubation period [exp(β)=1.24 (95%CI: 1.07-1.45), P=0.006] of infections aged 0~17 year old were also prolonged. The latent period [exp(β)=1.38 (95%CI: 1.17-1.63), P<0.001] and the incubation period [exp(β)=1.26 (95%CI: 1.06-1.48), P=0.007] of infections aged 50 years old and above were also prolonged. Conclusion: The latent period and incubation period of most Omicron infections are within 7 days, and age may be the influencing factor of the latent period and incubation period.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 296-300, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935529

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and molecular genetics of cyclin D1-negative mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Methods: The clinicopathological features and molecular genetics of CyclinD1-negative MCL diagnosed between January 2016 and July 2021 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were analyzed using immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Clinical information was collected and analyzed. Results: A total of five Cyclin D1-negative MCL cases from all 212 MCL patients (5/212, 2.4%)were included. There were three male and two female patients,age ranged from 59 to 70 years (median 64 years). All patients presented with nodal lesions. None of the patients had B symptoms but four had bone marrow involvement. Histopathologically, four cases were classic MCL and one case was pleomorphic variant type. All five cases were negative for Cyclin D1 but SOX-11 were positive in all cases. CD5 was positive in four cases and one case was weakly positive for CD23. CD10 and bcl-6 were negative in all cases. CCND1 translocation was identified in three cases and CCND2 translocation in one case by FISH analysis. However,CCND3 translocations were not found in the five cases. Conclusions: Cyclin D1-negative MCL are uncommon, its accurate diagnosis needs combined analysis with morphologic and immunophenotypic characteristics and genetic changes. It may be particularly difficult to distinguish from other small cell type B cell lymphomas. FISH analyses for CCND1/CCND2/CCND3 translocations and immunohistochemistry for SOX-11 are helpful to resolve such a difficult distinction.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cyclin D1/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell/pathology , Molecular Biology
8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 108-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935485

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinicopathological and genetic features of natural killer (NK)-cell enteropathy for better understanding of this rare disease and prevention of its misdiagnosis. Methods: Two cases of NK-cell enteropathy were diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, China from October 2017 to February 2021. The clinical characteristics, morphology, immunohistochemistry, Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA (EBER) in situ hybridization and T cell receptor gene rearrangement were analyzed. The patients were followed up by a telephone interview. Results: The patients were both male, aged 40 and 28 years, respectively. Both patients were admitted to the hospital for an annual checkup without obvious gastrointestinal symptoms. The endoscopy showed that the gastric body of case 1 had a mucosal bulge, small area of congestion and erosion, while the rectum of case 2 had congestion and erosion. Microscopically, the lesions of the 2 cases were relatively limited. Many lymphoid cells infiltrated within the lamina propria of the mucosa and into the muscularis mucosa in case 2. In case 1, the glands were reduced in the lesion, and the glandular cavity was slightly compressed and deformed. There was no infiltration or destruction of the glands in either case. Lymphoid cells were atypical, with medium-to-large cell sizes. Their cytoplasm was medium-to-slightly abundant and appeared eosinophilic or translucent. In case 2, characteristic eosinophilic granules were seen in the cytoplasm of a few cells. The nuclei in both cases were round, oval and irregular, with fine chromatin, inconspicuous nucleoli, and no mitotic figures were noted. Necrosis was seen in case 1 while both cases had no central growth or destruction of blood vessels. Immunophenotyping showed that CD56, granzyme B and TIA-1 were positive in both cases, part of the cells was CD3-positive, and some cells were weakly CD4-positive in case 2. The CD5, CD8, CD30, ALK and B-lineage markers (CD20, CD79α) were all negative. The Ki-67 proliferation index was about 60% and 30%, respectively. Both cases were EBER negative. TCR gene rearrangement was polyclonal. Follow-up showed that none of the 2 patients had any special treatments and stayed well. Conclusions: NK-cell enteropathy is rare, with biological behaviors similar to benign tumors, and occasional recurrence. Its histology and immunophenotype are easily confused with NK/T cell-derived lymphomas. Combination of its unique endoscopic features, EBER negativity, polyclonal TCR gene rearrangement and good prognosis can confirm the diagnosis and avoid misdiagnosis and overtreatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Immunophenotyping , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphoproliferative Disorders
9.
International Neurourology Journal ; : 52-59, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925111

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To identify more accurate predictors of upper urinary tract dilatation (UUTD) in neurogenic bladder (NB) children, we studied the relationship among urodynamic parameters at different bladder filling stages, detrusor leak point pressure (DLPP) and UUTD. @*Methods@#A total of 158 children (3–16 years) with NB were included and then divided into 2 groups according to whether their NB diagnosis was complicated with UUTD: the UUTD group (39 patients) and those without UUTD group (control group, 119 patients). The bladder filling phase was divided into 3 equal parts: the early, middle, and end filling stages. The bladder compliance (BC) and detrusor pressure (△Pdet) at each phase and DLPP at the end filling stage were recorded. @*Results@#A BC8 cm H2O in the early stage, 20 cm H2O in the middle stage and 25 cm H2O in the end stage are more sensitive than △Pdet >40 cm H2O in the end stage (82%, 85%, 85%, vs. 49%). A DLPP cutoff value of 20 cm H2O showed higher sensitivity for predicting UUTD than 40 cm H2O. @*Conclusions@#Low BC and a high △Pdet in the middle and end filling stages are more accurate factors than classic indicators for predicting UUTD. In addition, a DLPP value of >20 cm H2O in the end bladder filling stage shows high sensitivity.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1169-1174, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888534

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of primary follicular lymphoma (FL) patients with grade 3 or large B cell transformation, so as to provide more reference for the subsequent clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#Forty-seven primary FL patients with grade 3 or large B cell transformation from March 2010 to March 2018 were selected, the clinical characteristics and survival of patients were analyzed. Cox regression model were used to evaluate the related prognostic factors.@*RESULTS@#The cumulative progression-free survival rate and cumulative overall survival rate of 47 patients in 3-year follow-up reached to 55.32% (26/47) and 80.85% (38/47) respectively. There were significant differences in cumulative progression-free survival rate and cumulative overall survival rate among different subgroups of IPI, FLIPI-1 and FLIPI-2 in 3-year follow-up (P3 cm lymph node-involved site number≥3, extranodal lesion site number≥2, IPI score=2-3, FLIPI-1 score and FLIPI-2 score≥3 were the risk factors for progression-free survival (P<0.05); LDH≥240 U/ml, IPI score=2-3 and FLIPI-2 score≥3 were risk factors for overall survival (P<0.05). Cox regression model multivariate analysis showed that IPI score=2-3 was the independent risk factor for progression-free survival and overall survival (P<0.05). FLIPI-2 score≥3 was the independent risk factor for overall survival (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Primary FL patients with grade 3 or large B cell transformation by using the existing treatment regimen might be possibly curable, and the current treatment strategies and IPI score can be used to predict the clinical prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Disease-Free Survival , Lymphoma, Follicular , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Rate
11.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 254-258, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879842

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of very preterm small-for-gestational-age infants born by cesarean section due to severe preeclampsia.@*METHODS@#Forty-two small-for-gestational-age infants who were admitted from August 2017 to July 2018 and were born due to severe preeclampsia were enrolled as the observation group. Forty very preterm infants who were born to healthy mothers since uterine contractions could not be suppressed were enrolled as the control group. Perinatal features, clinical manifestations of infection, complications, and clinical outcomes were analyzed for the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Within 6 hours and 2-3 days after birth, the observation group had significantly lower white blood cell count (WBC), absolute neutrophil count (ANC), and platelet count (PLT) than the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Very preterm small-for-gestational-age infants born due to severe preeclampsia have a high incidence rate of infection and severe conditions. Early manifestations include reductions in the infection indicators WBC, ANC, and PLT, and CRP does not increase significantly in the early stage and gradually increases at 2-3 days after birth. Most of these infants require invasive ventilation after birth, with bronchopulmonary dysplasia as the main complication. Clinical changes should be closely observed and inflammatory indicators should be monitored for early identification of infection, timely diagnosis, and timely adjustment of antibiotic treatment, so as to improve the outcome.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Cesarean Section , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Pre-Eclampsia
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 104-109, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781480

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and mechanism of miRNA-145 on leukemic cell apoptosis.@*METHODS@#After transfection of miRNA-145 mimic and negative control mimic in leukemia cells by Lipofectamine 2000 liposome, the MTT assay was used to detect the effect of miRNA-145 on cell proliferation. Flow cytometry was used to detect the effect of miRNA-145 on cell cycle and apoptosis. Western blotting assay was used to detect the expression levels of BCL-2, CDK6, Cyclin D1, BAX, PI3K p-PI3K, p-AKT and AKT.@*RESULTS@#The relative level of microRNA in HuT 78 cells transfected with miRNA-145 was 2.3±02, which was significantly higher than that in blank control group and miRNA-NC group (P<0.05). MTT assay showed that the proliferation level of HuT 78 cells transfected with miRNA-145 mimic was significantly lower than that of blank control and miRNA-NC group (P<0.05). Flow cytometry showed that the cells at G/G, S and G2/M phase of HuT 78 cells were significantly decreased after transfection with miRNA-145 mimic (P<0.05). Annexin V/PI double staining assay showed that the apoptosis rate of HuT 78 cells was 17.6%±3.4%,which was significantly higher than that in blank control group and miRNA-NC group (P<0.05). Western blot showed that the expression levels of BCL-2, CDK6 and Cyclin D1 in HuT 78 cells were significantly lower than those in blank control and miRNA-NC group (P<0.05), and BAX expression in HuT 78 cells was significantly higher than that in blank control and miRNA-NC group (P<0.05). Western blot showed that expression of PI3K, p-PI3K, AKT and p-AKT in HuT 78 cells transfected with miRNA-145 mimic were significantly lower than that in blank control and miRNA-NC group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Upregulation of miRNA-145 may inhibit the proliferation of leukemia cells and promote the apoptosis, which may be related with the inhibition of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

13.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 440-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876254

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the general well-being of the elderly who lost their only child in the community and explore its influencing factors in this regard, providing reference for the formulation and implementation of targeted interventions. Methods A total of 84 elderly people who lost their only child in Longhua street community were selected by sampling for questionnaire survey with generally well-being schedule (GWB of Chinese version). Results The total score of GWB of the 84 elderly who lost their only child was 62.82±5.52, satisfaction and interest in life being 3.60±1.17, worries about health 7.96±1.76, energy 13.45±2.09, melancholy or happy mood 13.00±1.5, control of emotion and behavior 9.35±1.59, relaxation and tension 15.46±2.35.Among the factors influencing the overall happiness of the elderly who lost their only child, education level accounted for the proportion (P < 0.01), medical expenses (P < 0.01), age of death of the child (P=0.04), and participation in social activities (P=0.03). Conclusion The score of GWB is lower for the elderly who lost their only child, it is imperative to take personalized and comprehensive intervention to help those elderly get out of the psychological shadow and encourage them to face life positively.

14.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 40-45, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942139

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma secondary to Sjögren' s syndrome (SS) (SS-MALT lymphoma) in salivary gland and to explore the value of the combined application of histopathological morphology, protein expression and molecular phenotype in pathological diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of SS-MALT lymphoma.@*METHODS@#Sixteen patients with SS-MALT lymphoma were collected from 260 patients who were diagnosed with SS in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from January 1997 to December 2016. Twelve patients with non-MALT lymphoma secondary to SS (non-SS-MALT lymphoma) in salivary gland were selected as controls. The clinical data of the patients were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. All the patients were followed up until December 20, 2019. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemistry, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques were used to observe the histologic characteristics and to detect the manifestations of light chain restrictive expression, immunoglobulin (Ig) gene clonal rearrangement, chromosome translocation and gene abnormality, so as to evaluate their values in pathological diagnosis and prognostic evaluation.@*RESULTS@#The malignant transformation rate of SS to MALT lymphoma was about 6.15%, ranged from 3 to 240 months, during which 2 patients died due to high-level deterioration. Microscopically, the acini of the glandular tissue were atrophied and destroyed. The tumor cells dominated by central cell-like lymphocytes grew diffusely, destroying the epithelial islands. All SS-MALT lymphoma cases were positive in CD20 and Pax5. Half of them had the Ki-67 proliferation index of 10% or less, and half greater than 10%. 93.75% cases expressed AE1/AE3 protein, which showed the residual glandular epithelium. All the tumor cells were negative in CD3ε, and the plasma cells were detected by CD138 antigen. The light chain restrictive expression of κ and λ was 37.5% in SS-MALT lymphoma group. The positive detection rates of immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH)-FR1, IgH-FR2, IgH-FR3, immunoglobulin kappa chain (IgK)-A, and IgK-B in SS-MALT lymphoma group were 33.3%, 53.3%, 33.3%, 20.0%, and 26.7%, respectively, and 93.3% when together used with IgH and IgK. The positive rates of the MALT1, IGH and BCL6 genes with dual color break-apart probes were 36.4%, 27.3% and 27.3%, and the detection rate of chromosome translocation and gene abnormality by applying the three probes was 72.7%.@*CONCLUSION@#There are no specific histological characteristics and protein phenotypes in the histologic diagnosis of SS-MALT lymphoma in salivary gland. The combined application of histopathological manifestations, immunohistochemistry, PCR and FISH techniques helps the accurate pathologic diagnosis of the disease. Although SS-MALT lymphoma is considered as an indolent lymphoma with a relatively favorable prognosis, the regular return visit and long-term follow-up should be conducted to detect the clues of recurrence and advanced deterioration.


Subject(s)
Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone/etiology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Salivary Glands
15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 510-513, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719767

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To analyze the influencing factors of visual acuity in cataract patients with high myopia after phacoemulsification combined with IOL implantation, and to explore the correlation between the integrity of ellipsoidal zone and postoperative visual acuity.<p>METHODS: Retrospective case review. A total of 96(106 eyes)cataract with high myopia patients were enrolled into this study. All patients received phacoemulsification and IOL implantation after preoperative examination. After 6mo of follow-up, the changes of BCVA were compared between preoperative and postoperative 1wk, 1mo, 3mo and 6mo. Compared the integrity of ellipsoidal zone with different ranges of BCVA before and after 6mo surgery. At the same time, the relevant influencing factors affecting postoperative BCVA were analyzed.<p>RESULTS: The median BCVA of preoperative and postoperative 1wk, 1mo, 3mo and 6mo eyes were 0.80(0.50, 1.70), 0.51(0.28, 1.30), 0.50(0.09, 0.60), 0.30(0.22, 0.90)and 0.30(0.22, 0.70), respectively, there were significant differences(<i>P</i><0.001). The results showed that there were significant differences in the integrity of ellipsoidal zone with different ranges of BCVA before and after 6mo surgery(<i>P</i><0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that BCVA at postoperative 6mo was associated with preoperative BCVA and integrity of ellipsoidal zone(<i>P</i><0.05). However, there was no correlation with age, gender, preoperative average corneal curvature and axial length(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: The visual acuity improved after phacoemulsification combined with IOL implantation for cataract with high myopia. Postoperative visual acuity was correlated with the integrity of ellipsoidal zone and preoperative visual acuity.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1463-1468, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775698

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the transcriptional regulation of transcription factor MZF-1 on acute monocytic leukemia-related gene MLAA-34.@*METHODS@#The effect of MZF-1 on the transcriptional activity of MLAA-34 gene promoter was analyzed by luciferase reporter gene detection system and site-directed mutation technique. The EMSA and ChIP assay were used to verify whether MZF-1 directly and specifically binds to the core region of MLAA-34 promoter. The over-expression vector and interference vector of MZF-1 were constructed to transfect U937 cells, and RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the transcription and expression changes of MLAA-34 gene.@*RESULTS@#The transcription factor MZF-1 had a regulatory effect on MLAA-34 gene expression, and the relative luciferase activity was decreased after MZF-1 binding point mutation (P<0.01). EMSA and ChIP experiments demonstrated that MZF-1 could directly bind to MLAA-34 promoter and play a regulatory role. In the over-expression test, the increase of MZF-1 could up-regulate the expression of MLAA-34 (P<0.05). In the interference test, the decrease of MZF-1 could down-regulate the expression of MLAA-34 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Transcription factor MZF-1 can bind to the transcriptional regulatory region on the promoter of MLAA-34 gene and promote the transcription of MLAA-34 gene in acute monocytic leukemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, Neoplasm , Genetics , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Reporter , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha , Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Transcription, Genetic
17.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 875-880, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The current outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) poses a severe threat to human health. Two ZIKV strains were isolated from mosquitoes collected from the Dejiang prefecture in China in 2016, which was the first isolation of ZIKV in nature in China.@*METHODS@#In this study, serum samples were collected from 366 healthy individuals and 104 animals from Dejiang prefecture in 2017, and the plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT) was used to evaluate the seroprevalence of ZIKV.@*RESULTS@#None of the 366 residents from whom the samples were collected were seropositive for ZIKV. None of the 11 pigs from whom the samples were collected were seropositive for ZIKV, while 1 of 63 (1.59%) chickens and 2 of 30 (6.67%) sheep were seropositive for ZIKV.@*CONCLUSION@#The extremely low seropositivity rate of ZIKV antibodies in animals in the Dejiang prefecture, Guizhou province in this study indicates that ZIKV can infect animals; however, there is a low risk of ZIKV circulating in the local population.

18.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 18-22, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703061

ABSTRACT

We investigated brucellosis incidence trends in Kashgar,Xinjiang in 2005-2016 for further prevention and control,and analyzed the brucellosis epidemiological characteristics there,by using the descriptive epidemiology method.A total of 767 cases were reported,with an average annual incidence of 1.68/100 000,and incidence of annual report showed a relatively stable trend (Z:29.49,P<0.001).The maximum number of reported cases was mainly concentrated from May to July.Incidence ratio of the male and female was 1.81:1.Cases were identified in each age group,the minimum age was five months,and the maximum age was 85 years old,with the median of 39.The highest proportion of reported cases was peasant.The top five average annual incidence counties (cities) were the Markit County,Yopurga County,Tashikuergan Tajik Autonomous County,Bachu County and Kashgar City.The brucellosis incidence increased year by year,especially during 2012-2016.We need further analysis for the data from increasing brucellosis outbreak and further strengthen the prevention and control of that in Kashgar area.

19.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 436-440,445, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702749

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of transplantation of stem cells from the apical papilla (SCAP) to collagen-induced arthritis (CIA).Methods:Twenty DBA/1J mice with collagen Ⅱ-induced arthritis were equally divided into 2 groups and treated with human SCAP and PBS,respectively,with other 6 normal mice as negative control.Inflammation was evaluated by measuring clinical score,TNF-α and anti-CⅡ antibody levels (ELISA),histological analyses and micro-CT analyses.The levels of CD4+Th cells subsets in spleens were assessed by flow cytometric analysis.Results:System infusion of SCAP could significantly reduce the severity of CIA, and resume the balance of Th cells subsets.Conclusion:SCAP transplantation can induce immune tolerance and ameliorate the CIA in-flammation.

20.
Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion ; (12): 286-288, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695909

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of salt-partitioned moxibustion plus oral administration of You Gui Wan in treating bradycardiac arrhythmias. Method Ninety-eight patients with bradycardiac arrhythmias were randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 49 cases each. The treatment group was intervened by salt-partitioned moxibustion plus oral administration of You Gui Wan, while the control group was prescribed with oral administration of Atropine sulfate tablets. Before and after the treatment, the 24-h heartbeat number and mean heart rate were observed, and the clinical efficacies of the two groups were compared. Result The total effective rate was 89.8%in the treatment group versus 81.6% in the control group, and the between-group difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The 24-h heartbeat number and mean heart rate were significantly changed after the treatment in both groups (P<0.05). The 24-h heartbeat number and mean heart rate of the treatment group were significantly different from those of the control group after the treatment (P<0.05). Conclusion Salt-partitioned moxibustion plus oral administration of You Gui Wan is an effective approach in treating bradycardiac arrhythmias.

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