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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 380-387, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984633

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the current status of diagnosis and treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) /small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) among hematologists, oncologists, and lymphoma physicians from hospitals of different levels in China. Methods: This multicenter questionnaire survey was conducted from March 2021 to July 2021 and included 1,000 eligible physicians. A combination of face-to-face interviews and online questionnaire surveys was used. A standardized questionnaire regarding the composition of patients treated for CLL/SLL, disease diagnosis and prognosis evaluation, concomitant diseases, organ function evaluation, treatment selection, and Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor was used. Results: ①The interviewed physicians stated that the proportion of male patients treated for CLL/SLL is higher than that of females, and the age is mainly concentrated in 61-70 years old. ②Most of the interviewed physicians conducted tests, such as bone marrow biopsies and immunohistochemistry, for patient diagnosis, in addition to the blood test. ③Only 13.7% of the interviewed physicians fully grasped the initial treatment indications recommended by the existing guidelines. ④In terms of cognition of high-risk prognostic factors, physicians' knowledge of unmutated immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable and 11q- is far inferior to that of TP53 mutation and complex karyotype, which are two high-risk prognostic factors, and only 17.1% of the interviewed physicians fully mastered CLL International Prognostic Index scoring system. ⑤Among the first-line treatment strategy, BTK inhibitors are used for different types of patients, and physicians have formed a certain understanding that BTK inhibitors should be preferentially used in patients with high-risk factors and elderly patients, but the actual use of BTK inhibitors in different types of patients is not high (31.6%-46.0%). ⑥BTK inhibitors at a reduced dose in actual clinical treatment were used by 69.0% of the physicians, and 66.8% of the physicians had interrupted the BTK inhibitor for >12 days in actual clinical treatment. The use of BTK inhibitors is reduced or interrupted mainly because of adverse reactions, such as atrial fibrillation, severe bone marrow suppression, hemorrhage, and pulmonary infection, as well as patients' payment capacity and effective disease progression control. ⑦Some differences were found in the perceptions and behaviors of hematologists and oncologists regarding the prognostic assessment of CLL/SLL, the choice of treatment options, the clinical use of BTK inhibitors, etc. Conclusion: At present, a gap remains between the diagnosis and treatment of CLL/SLL among Chinese physicians compared with the recommendations in the guidelines regarding the diagnostic criteria, treatment indications, prognosis assessment, accompanying disease assessment, treatment strategy selection, and rational BTK inhibitor use, especially the proportion of dose reduction or BTK inhibitor discontinuation due to high adverse events.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Aged , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/drug therapy , Prognosis , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Immunohistochemistry , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/therapeutic use
2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 117-121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989600

ABSTRACT

The incidence rate of functional dyspepsia (FD) is high. Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection is one of the main causes of FD. Eradication of Hp is the current first-line treatment. However, the actual efficacy of eradicating Hp with the triple/quadruple therapy of Western medicine alone is not satisfactory for Hp-positive FD patients. TCM-assisted triple/quadruple therapy for Hp positive FD has a good efficacy, which has the effects of anti-Hp, regulating gastrointestinal hormones and gastric electrical parameters, and improving gastrointestinal motility. It can improve the eradication rate of Hp, effectively alleviate the clinical symptoms of patients, and improve the pathological conditions such as abnormal gastrointestinal secretion, abnormal motility, and abnormal sensation. The diagnostic and treatment idea of integrated TCM and Western medicine is worthy of summary and promotion.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3602-3611, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981491

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis(RA), a chronic autoimmune disease, is featured by persistent joint inflammation. The development of RA is associated with the disturbance of endogenous metabolites and intestinal microbiota. Gardeniae Fructus(GF), one of the commonly used medicinal food in China, is usually prescribed for the prevention and treatment of jaundice, inflammation, ache, fever, and skin ulcers. GF exerts an effect on ameliorating RA, the mechanism of which remains to be studied. In this study, ultra-perfor-mance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS)-based serum non-target metabolomics and 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing were employed to elucidate the mechanism of GF in ameliorating RA induced by complete Freund's adjuvant in rats. The results showed that GF alleviated the pathological conditions in adjuvant arthritis(AA) rats. The low-and high-dose GF lo-wered the serum levels of interleukin(IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), IL-1β, and prostaglandin E2 in the rats(P<0.05, P<0.01). Pathways involved in metabolomics were mainly α-linolenic acid metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism. The results of 16S rDNA sequencing showed that the Streptococcus, Facklamia, Klebsiella, Enterococcus, and Kosakonia were the critical gut microorganisms for GF to treat AA in rats. Spearman correlation analysis showed that the three differential metabolites PE-NMe[18:1(9Z)/20:0], PC[20:1(11Z)/18:3(6Z,9Z,12Z)], and PC[20:0/18:4(6Z,9Z,12Z,15Z)] were correlated with the differential bacteria. In conclusion, GF may ameliorate RA by regulating the composition of intestinal microbiota, α-linolenic acid metabolism, and glycerophospholipid metabolism. The findings provide new ideas and data for elucidating the mechanism of GF in relieving RA.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Chromatography, Liquid , Gardenia , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , alpha-Linolenic Acid , Metabolomics/methods , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Inflammation , Glycerophospholipids
4.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 263-267, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930135

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the curative effect of He Style fire acupuncture on functional dyspepsia of deficiency cold of spleen and stomach syndrome.Methods:Sixty patients who met the inclusion criteria from March 2017 to March 2019 in Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Capital Medical University were divided into 2 groups according to the random number table method, with 30 in each group. The control group was given mosapride tablets, one tablet (5 mg) each time half an hour before meals. On the basis of the control group, the treatment group was given fire acupuncture on Zusanli(ST36), Zhongwan(CV12), Pishu(BL20), Weishu(BL21), Guanyuan(CV4) and Qihai (CV6) twice a week. The course of treatment for both groups of patients was 4 weeks. A follow-up was visited at 1 month after the treatment. The total Symptom Scores and Health-Related Quality of Life Scale (SF-36) scores were performed before and after treatment, and the total scores of syndromes of patients with Deficiency cold of spleen and stomach before and after treatment were used for clinical efficacy evaluation, and adverse events during treatment were recorded.Results:The total efficiency of the treatment group was 93.3% (28/30), and 76.7% (23/30) in the control group, and the 2 groups were statistically significant ( χ2=4.78, P<0.05). After treatment, the upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning, postprandial fullness and discomfort, early satiety, and total scores in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 4.27, 5.16, 3.93, 4.69, 4.28, respectively, all Ps<0.05); during follow-up, the upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning, postprandial fullness and discomfort and the total scores in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 3.63, 3.22, 4.03, 3.04, respectively, all Ps<0.05). In terms of SF-36, after treatment, the treatment group showed significantly higher scores in the control group of physical function, physiology, mental health, and health changes compared with the control group ( t values were 2.97, 4.05, 4.22, 3.05, respectively, all Ps<0.05). During follow-up, the treatment group with physiological function, physical function, physical pain, overall health, life vitality, mental health, health changes scores were significantly higher than those in the control group ( t values were 3.27, 4.23 3.85, 3.15, 3.25, 6.15, 3.85, respectively, all Ps<0.05). Conclusion:He Style fire acupuncture combined with western medicine treatment can improve the symptoms of upper abdominal pain and upper abdominal burning, and the quality of lifein the patients with functional dyspepsia.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1816-1824, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929439

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to obtain recombinant human thioredoxin (rhTXN) by gene cloning and prokaryotic expression, and evaluated its therapeutic effect in the mouse ulcerative colitis (UC) model induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). The human thioredoxin gene TXN was cloned from the cDNA of Jurkat cells. The recombinant expression plasmid pCold TF-rhTXN was constructed by restriction enzyme digestion. After expression in E. coli BL21 (DE3), recombinant human thioredoxin was purified by a nickel column. Intact rhTXN recombinant protein was obtained after removal of the fusion partner-tag by enzyme digestion and the activity of disulfide reductase was detected by the insulin reduction method. The animal experiments in this study were performed in accordance with the ethical guidelines of the Laboratory Animal Welfare Ethical Review Committee of Nanjing University. Experiment ulcerative colitis was induced by providing mice with sterilized drinking water which contained 3% DSS. rhTXN was injected intraperitoneally. The therapeutic effect was studied by weight change, colon length and HE (hematoxylin and eosin) stained sections. In vivo imaging was used to study the targeting of rhTXN to DSS mice. The GSE107499 data set of GEO database was used to screen the hub genes at the lesional sites of UC and study the correlation with TXN. The experimental results showed that rhTXN was successfully expressed and purified with disulfide reductase activity. rhTXN (100 μg·kg-1) had a significant therapeutic effect on maintaining the weight change of mice (P = 0.000 5) and reducing intestinal injury (P < 0.000 1), and had a colon targeting effect on DSS mice. In GSE107499 data set, TXN in inflammatory sites of UC patients was significantly down regulated (P < 0.01) and negatively correlated with hub gene CD40 (P < 0.01) and positively correlated with hub gene fibronectin 1 (FN1) (P < 0.01). In this study, biologically active rhTXN was successfully prepared and proved to have a promising therapeutic effect on the DSS mouse model, and TXN gene was significantly correlated with the UC hub genes CD40 and FN1.

6.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 821-826, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960487

ABSTRACT

Total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) are the main indoor pollutants. Long-term exposure to excessive TVOCs will cause acute and chronic adverse health effects. In order to understand current indoor TVOCs pollution in urban residential buildings in China, we searched related literature of indoor TVOCs in urban residential buildings published in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, and PubMed from 2000 to 2021, and analyzed the pollution characteristics and main sources of indoor TVOCs in urban residential buildings in China. The results showed that the average TVOCs concentration range in urban residential buildings in China was 0.18-1.45 mg·m−3, which was widely distributed and exceeded the relevant national standard. The concentrations of TVOCs in bedrooms, study rooms, and kitchens were relatively high among different rooms. Indoor sources such as decoration materials and human activities after moving in were the main sources of TVOCs, and the concentration of TVOCs decreased the most in 4-6 months after the completion of decoration. However, extending the vacancy time after the completion of decoration is not the best method to effectively remove indoor TVOCs, especially for the areas where indoor air pollutants severely exceeding the national limit, it is necessary to control pollution sources to reduce indoor TVOCs concentration. For the study of indoor air TVOCs, future study directions could be the ratio of indoor and outdoor TVOCs concentration and the analysis of indoor human activities and other pollution sources.

7.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 690-697, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959225

ABSTRACT

@#In order to improve the poor solubility and low bioavailability of paeonol (Pae), paeonol-nanoemulsion (Pae-NE) was prepared, and its effect on uptake of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was investigated.Pae-NE was prepared by phase inversion composition (PIC), the formulation of Pae-NE was optimized by single factor method and central composite design-response surface method (CCD), and the pharmaceutical properties were further characterized.Moreover, MTT was applied to evaluate the toxicity of Pae-NE on HUVECs, and the cellular uptake efficiency of Pae-NE was detected by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry.The results showed that the optimal formulation of Pae-NE was 20 mg of Pae, 55.1 mg of LCT, 144.9 mg of MCT, 600 mg of HS15, and 200 mg of 1,2 propylene glycol.The Pae-NE appearance was a light blue emulsion, and the average particle size is (25.69 ± 0.03) nm, with PDI of 0.182 ± 0.09, Zeta potential of -(4.01 ± 0.30) mV and good stability.The drug loading of Pae-NE was (1.967 ± 0.28) mg/mL and encapsulation rate of (99.36 ± 0.1)%.Pae-NE performed no significant effect on HUVECs growth in the Pae concentration range of 10-1-10-3 μg/mL.Moreover, NE as a drug delivery carrier significantly enhanced the uptake efficiency of Pae on HUVECs.In conclusion, Pae-NE preparation method was simple and stable, and promotes HUVECs uptake efficiency of Pae, suggesting that NE was a better dosage form reference for the lipid-soluble drug of Pae.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 557-564, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of Ganhai Weikang capsule (GWC) in the treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD).Methods:A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel, multi-center, superiority clinical trial was conducted. From March 2018 to April 2020, totally 324 patients with dyspepsia symptoms, who were diagnosed as chronic non-atrophic gastritis by endoscopy and pathology and met the Rome Ⅳ diagnostic criteria for FD from 7 top hospitals were enrolled, including the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University (Shanghai Changhai Hospital), Heilongjiang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated Hospital, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Capital Medical University and the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. The patients were randomly divided into the GWC group and the placebo group according to the ratio of 1∶1. The patients of GWC group were given GWC and the patients of placebo group were given GWC capsule simulant. The patients of both groups orally took capsules before meals, 2.4 g each time and 3 times per day, and the course of treatment was 4 weeks. The main efficacy index was the total clinical effective rate after 4 weeks, and the secondary efficacy index was the changes of clinical symptom scores of upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning, postprandial fullness and early satiety. The safety index included laboratory tests and adverse events. Chi-square test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 320 FD patients were enrolled in the full analysis set (FAS), which included 161 cases in GWC group and 159 cases in placebo group. A total of 298 cases were in the per-protocol set (PPS), 149 cases each in GWC group and placebo group. The results of FAS and PPS both showed that the total clinical effective rates of the GWC group were higher than those of the placebo group (84.5%, 136/161 vs. 44.0%, 70/159 and 83.9%, 125/149 vs. 46.3%, 69/149), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=57.07 and 46.32, both P<0.001). In addition, the differences of the total score of main symptoms and each symptom (upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning, postprandial fullness and early satiety) before and after treatment of GWC group were all higher than those of the placebo group (FAS: 10 (7, 14) vs. 5 (3, 11); 3 (2, 4) vs. 2 (0, 3); 2 (0, 4) vs. 1 (0, 3); 3 (1, 4) vs. 2 (1, 3); 2 (0, 4) vs. 1 (0, 3). PPS: 10 (7, 13) vs. 5 (3, 11); 3 (2, 4) vs. 2 (0, 3); 2 (0, 4) vs. 1 (0, 2); 3 (1, 4) vs. 2 (1, 3); 2 (0, 4) vs.1 (0, 3)), and the differences were statistically significant (FAS: Z=5.80, 5.91, 3.19, 3.72 and 3.30; PPS: Z=5.14, 5.11, 2.86, 3.21 and 2.84; all P<0.01). The results of FAS and PPS indicated that the improvement rates of main symptoms and each symptom (upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning, postprandial fullness and early satiety) of GWC group were all higher than those of the placebo group (FAS: 77.8% (54.6%, 91.3%) vs. 42.9% (28.6%, 61.5%); 100.0% (60.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (25.0%, 60.0%); 100.0% (50.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (25.0%, 100.0%); 71.4% (33.3%, 100.0%) vs. 41.4% (25.0%, 66.7%); 100.0% (50.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (20.0%, 100.0%). PPS: 77.8% (54.2%, 89.5%) vs. 44.0% (28.6%, 65.0%); 100.0% (60.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (25.0%, 100.0%); 100.0% (50.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (25.0%, 100.0%); 71.4% (33.3%, 100.0%) vs. 46.4% (25.0%, 66.7%); 100.0% (50.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (20.0%, 100.0%)), and the differences were statistically significant (FAS: Z=8.60, 7.72, 4.98, 4.24 and 5.61; PPS: Z=7.90, 7.03, 4.49, 3.88 and 4.83; all P<0.001). After 2 weeks of treatment, the differences of the total score of main symptoms and score of each symptom (upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning and early satiety) before and after treatment of GWC group were all higher than those of the placebo group (5.0 (3.0, 8.0) vs. 4.0 (2.0, 6.0); 2.0 (1.0, 2.0) vs. 2.0 (0.0, 2.0); 1.5 (0.0, 2.0) vs. 1.0 (0.0, 2.0); 1.5 (0.0, 2.0) vs. 1.0 (0.0, 2.0)), and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=2.95, 3.44, 2.43 and 2.79, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the GWC group and the placebo group (0.6%, 1/163 vs. 0, 0/159). Conclusion:The clinical total effective rate of GWC in the treatment of FD is superior to that of placebo and it has good safety.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1-12, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913160

ABSTRACT

Due to the complexity of tumor pathology, the demand for the combined use of multiple drugs in clinical treatment has become increasingly clear-cut. Multi-drug combination can act on multiple pathways and multiple targets simultaneously to exert synergistic effects. However, the current delivery strategy for multi-drug combination still needs to be optimized. Nano-drug delivery systems can carry drugs to overcome physiological and pathological barrier to target tumor tissues and cells, achieve the goal of continuous, controllable, and targeted delivery, and enhance the efficacy of anti-tumor synergism and detoxification. To meet the new requirements for smarter and more accurate antitumor multi-drug combinational therapy, the nano-drug delivery system has been well-designed to realize more functions. For instance, delivery of multiple drugs in accurate proportions and doses can make the multi-drug synergistic effect more precise; stimulus-responsive drug release can improve selectivity and reduce side effects; controlling the time-course relationship of multiple drugs can realize sequential drug combination effect. It has shown broad prospects in the field of tumor multidrug therapy and has become one of the new directions of research and development. This article reviews the recent developments in the application of tumor drug combination therapy strategies and their delivery systems, and analyzes the new requirements and challenges of multidrug combination for the development of nano-drug delivery systems.

10.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 734-738, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954379

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of Jinghua Weikang capsule combined with Bifidobacterium for curing patients featured by spleen-stomach damp-heat syndrome and Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection with low DOB values.Methods:To enroll 130 cases who were admitted to the Digestion Center of Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University from March 2019 to March 2020. According to the treaatment protocols, the quadruple therapy group and dual therapy group, each had 65 patients. The quadruple therapy group had two different treatment protocols, 34 cases with Rabeprazole sodium enteric-coated tablet, Bismuth potassium citrate capsule, Amoxicillin capsule, and Clarithromycin, the other one had 31 cases with Rabeprazole sodium enteric-coated tablet, Bismuth potassium citrate capsule, Amoxicillin capsule, and Levofloxacin tablets. The Dual therapy group was treated with Jinghua Weikang capsule combined with Bifidobacterium. As for quadruple therapy group, 14 days was a course of treatment, while28 days was a course of treatment for dual therapy group. The two groups were treated for one course, respectively. The TCM syndromes were scored before and after treatment. After 4-weeks long drug withdrawal, all cases were reexamined via 13C-UBT. The Hp eradication rate, efficacy evaluation and adverse reactions were compared between both groups.Results:The eradication rate was 90.8% (59/65) in quadruple therapy group and 78.5% (51/65) in dual therapy group. There was no statistical difference between two groups ( χ2=3.78, P=0.052). As for quadruple therapy group, the eradication rate was 91.2% (31/34) in Protocol One and 90.3% (28/31) in Protocol Two. There was no statistical difference between two protocols ( χ2=0.01, P=0.906). After treatment, the TCM syndrome score of quadruple therapy group [(7.02±0.89) vs. (6.51±0.85), Z=-3.01], was significantly higher than that of dual therapy group ( P<0.01). The total effective rate was 93.9% (61/65) in dual therapy group and 78.5% (51/65) in quadruple therapy group. There was statistically significantly difference between two groups ( χ2=6.45, P=0.011). The adverse reactions was 24.6% (16/65) in quadruple therapy group and 6.2% (4/65) in dual therapy group. There was statistically significantly difference in two groups ( χ2=8.51, P=0.004). Conclusions:The Jinghua Weikang capsule combined with Bifidobacterium had curative effects on Hp infected patients with low DOB values. It could improve TCM Syndromes with little adverse reactions.

11.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine ; (12): 194-204, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883380

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the hepatorenoprotective effects of Origanum vulgare L. against finasteride-induced oxidative injury in the liver and kidney of mice. Methods: Liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI/MS) analysis was utilized to yield a fingerprint of Origanum vulgare polyphenolic constituents. Thirty BALB/c mice received 0.5 mL/day distilled water, finasteride (25 mg/kg/day for 10 d), and 100, 200, or 400 mg/kg/day finasteride + Origanum vulgare extract with 6 mice per group for five weeks. On day 36, liver and kidney function as well as pro- and anti-inflammatory (IFN-γ, IL-12, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-10) cytokines were measured. The total antioxidant status, nitric oxide (NO), and malondialdehyde levels as well as the activities of NO synthase and catalase were also evaluated. Histopathological study was conducted to assess the effect of Origanum vulgare extract on finasteride-induced renal and hepatic toxicities. Results: Twenty-five major polyphenolic compounds were identified in the Origanum vulgare extract by LC-ESI/MS. Origanum vulgare extract, especially at 200 and 400 mg/kg/day doses, significantly improved liver and kidney biochemical indices, decreased inflammatory cytokines, increased total antioxidant status and NO synthase and catalase activities, as well as decreased plasma NO and malondialdehyde levels in a dose-dependent manner as compared to the finasteride group. Histopathological results further confirmed the protective effect of Origanum vulgare extract. Conclusions: Origanum vulgare extract ameliorates finasteride-induced hepatic and renal biochemical and histopathological alterations, and restores antioxidant/oxidant balance.

12.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine ; (12): 194-204, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-950247

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the hepatorenoprotective effects of Origanum vulgare L. against finasteride-induced oxidative injury in the liver and kidney of mice. Methods: Liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI/MS) analysis was utilized to yield a fingerprint of Origanum vulgare polyphenolic constituents. Thirty BALB/c mice received 0.5 mL/day distilled water, finasteride (25 mg/kg/day for 10 d), and 100, 200, or 400 mg/kg/day finasteride + Origanum vulgare extract with 6 mice per group for five weeks. On day 36, liver and kidney function as well as pro-and antiinflammatory (IFN-γ, IL-12, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-10) cytokines were measured. The total antioxidant status, nitric oxide (NO), and malondialdehyde levels as well as the activities of NO synthase and catalase were also evaluated. Histopathological study was conducted to assess the effect of Origanum vulgare extract on finasteride-induced renal and hepatic toxicities. Results: Twenty-five major polyphenolic compounds were identified in the Origanum vulgare extract by LC-ESI/MS. Origanum vulgare extract, especially at 200 and 400 mg/kg/day doses, significantly improved liver and kidney biochemical indices, decreased inflammatory cytokines, increased total antioxidant status and NO synthase and catalase activities, as well as decreased plasma NO and malondialdehyde levels in a dose-dependent manner as compared to the finasteride group. Histopathological results further confirmed the protective effect of Origanum vulgare extract. Conclusions: Origanum vulgare extract ameliorates finasteride-induced hepatic and renal biochemical and histopathological alterations, and restores antioxidant/oxidant balance.

13.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 194-204, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942811

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the hepatorenoprotective effects of Origanum vulgare L. against finasteride-induced oxidative injury in the liver and kidney of mice. Methods: Liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI/MS) analysis was utilized to yield a fingerprint of Origanum vulgare polyphenolic constituents. Thirty BALB/c mice received 0.5 mL/day distilled water, finasteride (25 mg/kg/day for 10 d), and 100, 200, or 400 mg/kg/day finasteride + Origanum vulgare extract with 6 mice per group for five weeks. On day 36, liver and kidney function as well as pro-and antiinflammatory (IFN-γ, IL-12, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-10) cytokines were measured. The total antioxidant status, nitric oxide (NO), and malondialdehyde levels as well as the activities of NO synthase and catalase were also evaluated. Histopathological study was conducted to assess the effect of Origanum vulgare extract on finasteride-induced renal and hepatic toxicities. Results: Twenty-five major polyphenolic compounds were identified in the Origanum vulgare extract by LC-ESI/MS. Origanum vulgare extract, especially at 200 and 400 mg/kg/day doses, significantly improved liver and kidney biochemical indices, decreased inflammatory cytokines, increased total antioxidant status and NO synthase and catalase activities, as well as decreased plasma NO and malondialdehyde levels in a dose-dependent manner as compared to the finasteride group. Histopathological results further confirmed the protective effect of Origanum vulgare extract. Conclusions: Origanum vulgare extract ameliorates finasteride-induced hepatic and renal biochemical and histopathological alterations, and restores antioxidant/oxidant balance.

14.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 387-397, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886683

ABSTRACT

@#Photodynamic therapy, a new type of non-invasive treatment, is based on the principle that the photosensitizer excited by laser can transfer energy to oxygen, which generates cytotoxic singlet oxygen and thus induce tumor cell apoptosis or necrosis. As an oxygen-dependent therapy, the antitumor effect of photodynamic therapy is obviously limited by hypoxia environment of solid tumor tissue. Therefore, reversing and improving the hypoxia of tumor tissue can significantly enhance the efficacy of photodynamic therapy. This review focuses on the progress of tumor oxygenation strategy mediated by nano-delivery system, including direct oxygen delivery strategies, catalytic oxygen production strategies, responsive material in situ oxygen supply strategies and microorganism oxygen supply strategies, aiming to improve the antitumor effect of photodynamic therapy. It provides new ideas and new approaches for further study of oxygen-enchancing nano-delivery system for photodynamic therapy.

15.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 414-425, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865661

ABSTRACT

Tyrosinase is an important enzyme in controlling the formation of melanin in melanosome, and plays a key role in the pigmentation of hair and skin. The abnormal expression or activation of tyrosinase is associated with several diseases such as albinism, vitiligo, melanoma and Parkinson disease. Excessive deposition of melanin could cause diseases such as freckles and brown spots in the human body, and it is also closely related to browning of fruits and vegetables and insect molting. Detecting and inhibiting the activity of tyrosinase is of extraordinary value in the progress of diagnosis and treatment of these dis-eases. Therefore, many selective optical detection probes and small molecular inhibitors have been developed, and have made significant contributions to the basic and clinical research on these diseases. In this paper, the detection and inhibition of tyrosinase and their application in whitening products are reviewed, with special emphasis on development of fluorescent probes and inhibitors. Hopefully, this review will help design more efficient and sensitive tyrosinase probes and inhibitors, as well as shed light on novel treatment of diseases such as melanoma.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1189-1196, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827141

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prognosis prediction value of PET/CT in DLBCL patients treated with CAR-T therapy.@*METHODS@#The effects of PET/CT were retrospectively explored on 13 R/R DLBCL patients who were treated with CAR-T therapy. Parameters reflecting tumor metabolic burden, such as metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were measured before and after CAR-T treatment.@*RESULTS@#Patients with larger baseline MTV or longer sum of longest diameters showed shorter overall survival (OS) time than those with low tumor burden. Patients achieved complete remission (CR), partial remission (PR) and minor remission (MR) determined by response evaluation criteria in lymphoma (RECIL) in 12 weeks showed progression-free survival and OS time superior to those of patients with no remission. In addition, it was found that 2 patients with residual masses classified as PR by contrast-enhanced CT of patients were evaluated as complete metabolic response by PET/CT imaging.@*CONCLUSION@#PET/CT shows a great value in the evaluation of prognosis and response in CAR-T-treated R/R DLBCL patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prognosis , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Retrospective Studies
17.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 383-393, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825130

ABSTRACT

@#Liposome injection is one of the most successful special injections that use nanotechnology to enhance drug efficacy and reduce accompanied toxicity. New liposomes with special structures and functions have emerged since the first liposome injection containing doxorubicin was marketed. This review summarized the principles and research progress of Stealth liposome technology and cationic liposome technology, analyzed the structural and functional characteristics and clinical application advantages of liposome products that have been marketed from the perspective of pharmacology, introduced current research hotspots of new liposomes, and analyzed the current regulatory status of liposome injection at home and abroad, thereby providing theoretical reference for the research and development(R&D), clinical translation and supervision of liposome injection.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1704-1710, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823047

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimize the p reparation technology of citronellol submicroemulsion. METHODS :The content of citronellol in Citronellol submicroemulsion was determined by HPLC. Citronellol submicroemulsion by high-speed shearing dispersion-high pressure homogenization method ,with centrifugation stability constant (ke) and particle size were used as evaluation indexes. Its formulation and preparation technology were optimized and validated. Drug-loading amount and encapsulation rate of the preparation were detected. RESULTS :The linear range of citronellol were 4-64 μg/mL(R 2=0.999 9). RSDs of precision ,stability(24 h)and reproducibility tests were all lower than 3%. The recoveries were 97.64%-101.97%(RSD= 2.28%,n=3),97.71%-99.50%(RSD=1.29%,n=3),96.87%-101.48%(RSD=2.86%,n=3). The optimal formulation included that total weight of soybean oil and medium chain triglycerides (1 ∶ 1,g/g)was 3.75 g,1.2% soybean phospholipid was 0.6 g, cholesterol was 0.06 g,citronellol was 1.25 g,0.6 % sodium oleate was 0.3 g,15-hydroxystearic acid polyethylene glycol ester was 0.75 g,poloxamer 188 was 0.75 g,water added to 50 mL. After prepared by optimal technology at 4 ℃ which contained shearing speed of 13 000 r/min,lasting for 5 min, primary emulsion was adjusted to pH 7 with dilute hydro- chloric acid ,and homogenized with 600 Bar high pressure for 1434412440@qq.com 5 min. The parameters of Citronellol submicroemulsion accor- ding to optimal formulation and technology contained mean particle size of (91.05±0.26)nm,PDI of (0.20±0.01), Zeta-potential of (-30.86±0.39)mV,average content of 649511230@qq.com citronellol(100.21±0.01)%,the drug-loading amount was (2.481 7 ± 0.000 7) mg/mL,the encapsulation rate was (99.27 ± 0.03)% . CONCLUSIONS :The optimal formulation and technology is stable and feasible.

19.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 813-819, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845228

ABSTRACT

By reviewing the relevant domestic and foreign literature of organic anion transporters(organic anion transporting polypeptides,OATP),the research on subtypes,regulation mechanisms,distribution,effect and influenc- ing factors of OATP is summarized. OTAP acts as a transporter widely distributed in humans and rodents,and their pro- tein structure is not exactly the same in different species. There are also differences in the distribution of OTAP in various organs in the same species,and the ability of OTAP to transport substances is different. When multiple drugs or foods are taken at the same time,they may interact through OATP,resulting in the decreased efficacy and increased adverse reac- tions of drugs. More research is needed on the exploration of OATP subtypes and mechanisms.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 106-111, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804768

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of hepatic flare and evaluate efficacy of antiviral treatment in pregnant women with chronic HBV infection.@*Methods@#A single-center, open-label, prospective study was conducted, and pregnant women with chronic HBV infection were enrolled. Liver function, HBV serum markers and HBV DNA of pregnant women with chronic HBV infection were reviewed during every 4 to 12 weeks of gestation period. The proportion and clinical characteristics of hepatitis flare during pregnancy were observed. Logistic regression analysis was used to predict hepatic flare in pregnant women with chronic HBV infection. Antiviral therapy with telbivudine (LdT) or tenofovir dipivoxil (TDF) was used to treat hepatic flare during pregnancy. Sequential entecavir (ETV) or TDF was applied after the delivery. Treatment course and drug withdrawal in pregnant women with hepatic flare was the same as those of the general patients with chronic hepatitis B. Liver function, HBV serum markers and HBV DNA were measured in pregnant women with hepatic flare at different time points (4, 12, 24 and 52 weeks). A t-test was used to compare the hepatic flare in pregnant women with and without hepatitis group. HBsAg and HBeAg were used to quantify the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of pregnant women with hepatic flare during pregnancy. Area under the ROC curve was used to calculate the optimal cut-off value corresponding to the maximum sensitivity and specificity of the ROC curve.@*Results@#Of the 220 pregnant women with chronic HBV infection, 55 (25%) had hepatitis flare during pregnancy and received antiviral treatment. Among the 55 women with hepatic flare during gestation, 47 (85.46%) had hepatic flare in the mid-second trimester (12-24 weeks); average peak value of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was 220.62 U/L, and the average peak value of ALT in 32 cases (58.18%) of pregnant women with hepatic flare was between 2–5 × ULN. HBsAg and HBeAg quantification were significantly lower in pregnant women with hepatic flare during pregnancy than with non-hepatitis (t = -3.745, P < 0.001; t = -2.186, P = 0.030). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pregnant women with HBeAg < 3.065 log10 s/co were 7.576 times more likely to have hepatic flare during pregnancy (95% confidence interval: 3.779-15.190). ALT normalization, undetectable HBV DNA levels, HBeAg loss and HBeAg seroconversion in 55 pregnant women with hepatic flare at 52-week treatment was 100% (55/55), 74.55% (41/55), 47.27% (26/55) and 41.82% (23/55), respectively. HBsAg quantification at 52 weeks was significantly lower than baseline HBsAg quantification (3.32 + 0.37) log10 IU/ml and (3.95 + 0.40) log10 IU/ml; t = 8.465, P < 0.001).@*Conclusion@#Hepatic flare often occurs in the second trimester of pregnancy in pregnant women with chronic HBV infection and baseline HBeAg quantification is an independent predictor of hepatic flare. HBeAg seroconversion rate increased at 52 weeks after antiviral therapy.

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