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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940613

ABSTRACT

Rehmanniae Radix is a common medicine of traditional Chinese medicine, which has the function of nourishing Yin and tonifying the kidney, and has a long application history of processing. This medicine was first recorded in Synopsis of Golden Chamber (《金匮要略》), which was mainly produced by steaming and boiling. Its processing materials were diverse. In addition to rice wine, honey, Amomi Fructus, milk, Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum, and Carthami Flos were also recorded in ancient books, but with the evolution of time, the characteristic excipients gradually disappeared. Based on this, starting with different excipients, the author consulted the classics of materia medica and processing specifications in various regions, sorted out the historical evolution of Rehmanniae Radix processing, and explored new methods and new ideas to exert the maximum efficacy on this basis. At the same time, the effects of different processing excipients on the chemical components and pharmacodynamic effects of Rehmanniae Radix were analyzed. After literature review, it was found that Rehmanniae Radix mainly had the effects of clearing heat and cooling blood, nourishing Yin and generating fluid. Its traditional processing excipients generally used rice wine, Carthami Flos and others. After processing with different excipients, there was different effects on the chemical components and pharmacological effects of Rehmanniae Radix. In summary, this paper can provide useful reference for standardized research on different processed products of Rehmanniae Radix.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 369-378, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933867

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a neural network model for the evaluation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) based on multilayer perceptual neural network, and to compare with the improved Chinese based creatinine GFR evaluation formula (C-GFR cr) and the evaluation formula (EPI-GFR cr) of the American Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) for the clinical applicability of multilayer perceptual neural network model in evaluating GFR. Methods:A total of 684 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients used for developing a modified version of China′s based creatinine GFR evaluation formula were taken as the research object. The data of 454 patients were randomly selected as the development group and the data of the other 230 patients were as the verification group. The multilayer perceptual neural network GFR evaluation model (M-GFR cr) was established. With the double plasma GFR as the reference value (rGFR), the correlation, mean difference, mean absolute difference, precision and accuracy of C-GFR cr, EPI-GFR cr and M-GFR cr were compared. Results:Among the 684 CKD patients, there were 352 males and 332 females, with age of (49.9±15.8) years. The correlation between M-GFR cr and rGFR was the highest (Pearson correlation =0.93, P<0.001). The mean difference of M-GFR cr was lower than that of C-GFR cr ( Z=9.929, P<0.001) and EPI-GFR cr ( Z=10.573, P<0.001). The mean absolute difference of M-GFR cr was also lower than that of C-GFR cr ( Z=3.953, P<0.001) and EPI-GFR cr ( Z=4.210, P<0.001). The accuracy of ±15% of M-GFR cr was higher than that of C-GFR cr ( χ2=26.068, P<0.001) and EPI-GFR cr ( χ2=23.154, P<0.001). The accuracy of ±30% of M-GFR cr was also higher than that of C-GFR cr ( χ2=8.264, P=0.001) and EPI-GFR cr ( χ2=11.963, P=0.001). The results of different stages of CKD showed that in the early stage of CKD (CKD 1-2), the mean difference of M-GFR cr was lower than that of C-GFR cr ( Z=7.401, P<0.001) and EPI-GFR cr ( Z=8.096, P<0.001); the mean absolute difference of M-GFR cr was also lower than that of C-GFR cr ( Z=4.723, P<0.001) and EPI-GFR cr ( Z=4.946, P<0.001); the accuracy of ±15% of M-GFR cr was higher than that of C-GFR cr ( χ2=23.547, P<0.001) and EPI-GFR cr ( χ2=26.421, P<0.001); the accuracy of ±30% of M-GFR cr was also higher than that of C-GFR cr ( χ2=12.089, P=0.001) and EPI-GFR cr ( χ2=16.168, P<0.001). But there was no significant difference in the applicability among C-GFR cr, EPI-GFR cr and M-GFR cr in the advanced stages of CKD (CKD 3-5). Conclusion:Compared with the improved Chinese based creatinine GFR evaluation formula C-GFR cr and CKD-EPI evaluation formula EPI-GFR cr, the accuracy of multilayer perceptual neural network model to evaluate GFR in CKD patients has been significantly improved, especially in CKD 1-2 stage.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928312

ABSTRACT

The proximal medial column of the humerus is a continuous cortical region in the inner and lower part of the humerus head, which has attracted more and more attention in clinical and scientific research since it was proposed. It has been shown to increase the stability of internal fixation, maintain the height of the humeral head to prevent varus, and reduce the risk of screw penetration. Biomechanical studies have also shown that the medial column has an outstanding performance in increasing the stiffness, torsion resistance, and shear resistance of the locking plate. Although it has many benefits, there is no unified definition of its concept and specific region, and the existing classification does not include the medial column, therefore more researches are required to provide supporting information. The methods of medial column reconstruction mainly include locking plate combined with talus screw, locking plate combined with bone grafting, internal and external double plate combined support, locking plate combined with bone cement, and humeral cage. These methods have their own characteristics, however they will increase the cost of surgery and bring new complications. How to determine the best way of reconstruction is one of the focuses of future research. In this review, the concept of the proximal medial humerus column, the role of maintaining internal fixation, the role of biomechanics and the reconstruction methods are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humans , Humeral Head , Shoulder Fractures/surgery
4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 395-398, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923135

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the brain function and their correlation with sleep beliefs and attitudes in adolescents with drug naive insomnia by using fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuation, so as to provide a reference for the mechanism and treatment of insomnia.@*Methods@#An insomnia group ( n =21) recruited first episode, drug naive, adolescents with insomnia who met the diagnostic criteria of the American Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders(DSM-V). Healthy subjects matched with age, gender, and educational background were selected as the control group ( n =20). Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale (PSQI), Brief Version of Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (DBAS-16), 24 Items Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD-24), 14 Items Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA-14) were evaluated. Fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuation was used for analysis, and Pearson correlation analysis was employed to quantify the correlation between peak values of brain regions with significant differences and the clinical scale scores of the two groups.@*Results@#Compared with the control group, ractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuation(fALFF) values in the insomnia group were significantly decreased ( P <0.01, Alphaism corrected) in the left dorsolateral prefrontal lobe (L-DLPFC, MNI coordinates: -12, 60, 21, t =-3.85, K =495) and the left precuneus (MNI coordinates: -3, -54, 51, t =-4.29, K =417). The fALFF value of L-DLPFC in the insomnia group was positively correlated with DBAS-16 score ( r= 0.47 , P = 0.04 ).@*Conclusion@#Abnormalities in the L-DLPFC region suggest that adolescents with insomnia may suffer from impaired regulation of emotional and cognitive activities related to sleep.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 169-173, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837740

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the effect and safety of endoscopic-assisted RS silicone intubation for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction after failed probing in children, in order to guide the clinical application.<p>METHODS: Retrospective case series. Totally 158 children(158 eyes)with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction who were failed probing in our hospital from September 2016 to September 2019 were selected as the research subjects. All patients underwent endoscopic-assisted RS silicone intubation. Regular follow-up was performed 1, 3, and 6mo after surgery. Observe the children's gender, age, treatment history, presence or absence of discharge before surgery; treatment effect; complications; types of nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Spearman's correlation coefficient calculation and analysis of the relationship between ages, times of probing and operation efficiency, Fisher's exact probability test for the operation efficiency of different types of nasolacrimal duct obstruction, and chi square test for the operation efficiency of presence or absence of discharge.<p>RESULTS: The total effective rate was 89.9%(142/158). The effective rate of surgery tends to decrease with age(Spearman's correlation coefficient <i>rs</i>= -1.000, <i>P</i><0.01). The effective rate of surgery showed a downward trend with the increase of the times of probing(Spearman's correlation coefficient <i>rs</i>= -1.000, <i>P</i><0.01). The efficiency of membranous nasolacrimal duct obstruction surgery is higher than that of complex nasolacrimal duct obstruction, and the difference is statistically significant(<i>P</i><0.05). It cannot be considered that there is a statistically significant difference in the effectiveness of the operation between the two symptoms with or without discharge(<i>P</i>>0.05). The main complications were: false passage formation(16 eyes, 10.1%), loss of tube(14 eyes, 8.9%), red eyes and irritated tears(18 eyes, 11.4%), punctums tissue adhesion(3 eyes, 1.9%), punctum granuloma formation(1 eye, 0.6%).<p>CONCLUSION: Endoscopic-assisted RS silicone intubation has a higher effective rate and better safety in the treatment of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction after failed probing in children. The effective rate of surgery decreases with age, and decreases with the increase of the times of probing. Membranous nasolacrimal duct obstruction is more effective than complicated nasolacrimal duct obstruction.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905290

ABSTRACT

Patients with spinal cord injury are in high risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is an important indicator commonly used to detect CKD. This paper reviewed the pros and cons of existing endogenous and exogenous GFR measurement, and focused on the problems and challenges for the application of the estimating glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with spinal cord injury. These research results indicated that the applicability of traditional eGFR to patients with spinal cord injury is still insufficient. It is necessary to modify eGFR in clinical research and application in spinal cord injury.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to evaluate the immediate accuracy of the digital osteotomy template in the digital stackable template.@*METHODS@#From November 2018 to January 2020, 4 patients with dentition loss were selected from the Prosthodontics Department, West China Stomatological Hospital. All patients met the conditions for immediate planting and immediate restoration. Owing to the lack of vertical target-restoration space, the implantation plan included intraoperative osteotomy. According to the preoperative cone beam CT (CBCT) data, combined with aesthetic digital smile design (DSD) analysis, virtual wax design, and so on, the ideal bone plane design was performed. According to the virtual osteotomy plane, the virtual implantation plan was designed, and then the digital stackable template assuming osteotomy template, implantation guide, and temporary restoration were made and 3D printed. Osteotomy was performed under the guidance of digital osteotomy template during the operation. The preoperative CBCT and postoperative CBCT of all patients overlapped, the deviation between the actual osteotomy and the ideal osteotomy was calculated, and the angle deviation between the postoperative bone plane and the ideal bone plane was measured.@*RESULTS@#The ave-rage volume deviation between the postoperative design and the ideal one was 492.94 mm³, accounting for 21.21% of the preset osteotomy volume. The average deviation between the postoperative osteotomy and the ideal osteotomy in four patients was 0.024 8 mm. The average angle between the postoperative bone plane and the ideal bone plane was 6.03°.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The displacement deviation of virtual osteotomy design and the actual osteotomy one under the guidance of digital osteotomy template in the digital stackable template are highly consistent with the original design. Thus, this clinical technique is worth popularizing, accurate, and quantifiable.


Subject(s)
China , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Esthetics, Dental , Humans , Osteotomy
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of four-point fixation in patients with posterior chamber intraocular lens dislocation.Methods:A retrospective case series study was adopted.Sixteen patients (16 eyes) with posterior chamber intraocular lens dislocation who underwent suture suspension techniques with four-point fixation in Changzhou No.2 people's Hospital from January 2015 to January 2018 were enrolled.Postoperative effects were observed during follow-up, ranging from 6 to 13 months.The preoperative and 6-month postoperative uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), corneal endothelium cell count and astigmatism were measured and the differences were compared, and the relationships between total astigmatism and corneal astigmatism or intraocular lens induced astigmatism were analyzed, and the postoperative position of intraocular lens and complications were observed.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Changzhou No.2 People's Hospital (No.2015-C-012-01).Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before surgery.Results:The mean preoperative UCVA (LogMAR) and BCVA (LogMAR) were 1.09±0.24 and 0.48±0.20, respectively, which were significantly improved to 0.30±0.12 and 0.26±0.13 at 6 months after operation, respectively.And the differences were statistically significant ( t=11.782, 3.795; both at P<0.01).The preoperative and 6-month postoperative corneal endothelium cell count were (2 270±360)/mm 2 and (2 032±327)/mm 2, respectively, and the difference was not significant ( t=1.921, P=0.074).The 6-month postoperative mean total astigmatism, corneal astigmatism and intraocular lens induced astigmatism were (-1.47±0.82)D, (-1.34±0.61)D and (-0.22±0.35)D, respectively.There was a highly positive correlation between total astigmatism and corneal astigmatism ( r=0.885, P<0.05), but there was no significant correlation between total astigmatism and intraocular lens induced astigmatism ( r=-0.432, P=0.095).No dislocation, deviation or torsion of intraocular lens were observed during the follow-up.Varying degree of symptoms of iridocyclitis were observed during early stage after operation, which disappeared after treatment.There were two cases of high intraocular pressure, which were normal after treatment.No retinal detachment, choroidal detachment, expulsive suprachoroidal hemorrhage, endophthalmitis, corneal endothelial decompensation or other complications occurred during and after operation. Conclusions:There is a stable position of intraocular lens, good visual acuity and few complications after four-point fixation with suture and suspension, which is a feasible method to treat dislocated intraocular lens.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1045-1050, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between symptoms and their contribution to syndrome based on syndrome of lung damp-heat accumulation in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), thus to provide methodological basis for the syndrome diagnosis.Methods:Based on 654 clinical investigation questionnaires data of COVID-19 patients, a model based on syndrome of lung damp-heat accumulation was set. Using SPSS Modeler 14.1 software, association rules and Bayesian network were applied to explore the correlation between symptoms and their contribution to syndrome.Results:There were 121 questionnaires referring to syndrome of lung damp-heat accumulation in total 654 questionnaires. The symptoms with frequency > 40% were fever (53.72%), cough (47.93%), red tongue (45.45%), rapid pulse (43.80%), greasy fur (42.15%), yellow tongue (41.32%), fatigue (40.50%) and anorexia (40.50%). Association rule analysis showed that the symptom groups with strong binomial correlation included fever, thirst, chest tightness, shortness of breath, cough, yellow phlegm, etc. The symptom groups with strong trinomial correlation included cough, yellow phlegm, phlegm sticky, anorexia, vomiting, heavy head and body, fever, thirst, fatigue, etc. Based on SPSS Modeler 14.1 software, with syndrome of lung damp-heat accumulation (yes = 1, no = 0) as target variable, and the selected symptoms with frequency > 15.0% as input variables, the Bayesian network model was established to obtain the probability distribution table of symptoms (groups), in which there was only one parent node (the upper node of each input variable) of fever, and the conditional probability was 0.54. The parent node of cough had yellow phlegm and syndrome of lung damp-heat accumulation, indicating that there was a direct causal relationship between cough and yellow phlegm in syndrome of lung damp-heat accumulation, and the conditional probability of cough was 0.99 under the condition of yellow phlegm. The common symptom groups and their contribution to syndrome were as follows: fever and thirsty (0.47), cough and yellow phlegm (0.49), chest tightness and polypnea (0.46), anorexia and heavy cumbersome head and body (0.61), yellow greasy fur and slippery rapid pulse (0.95).Conclusions:It is feasible and objective to analyze the correlation between symptoms and their contribution to syndromes by association rules combined with Bayesian network. It could provide methodological basis for the syndrome diagnosis.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 922-927, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866934

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine on common type of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID -19) in Henan Province. Methods:A prospective single arm clinical study was performed. Patients with common type of COVID -19 admitted to seven designated hospitals for COVID -19 in Henan Province from January 25th to February 26th, 2020 were enrolled, and treated with integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine. The negative transformation of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019 -nCoV) nucleic acid, disease outcome, hospital stay, clinical symptoms and signs scores, and chest imaging performance were observed. Results:Totally 86 cases were included in the analysis, including 48 males (55.8%), aged 43.5 (35.0, 53.3) years old, 24 patients (27.9%) with previous medical history. Fifty-eight patients were primarily diagnosed COVID -19 and 28 patients were transferred. The 2019 -nCoV nucleic acid of 86 cases (100%) turned negative, and the median time of turning negative was 10 (7, 14) days. Eighty-six cases (100%) were discharged from hospital, and none turned into the severe type; the average length of hospital stay was (13.8±5.6) days. The scores of fever, cough, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and fatigue decreased with the treatment time, and the scores of 7 days and 14 days after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment [fever (points): 0 (0, 0), 0 (0, 0) vs. 1 (0, 1); cough (points): 1 (0, 1), 0 (0, 1) vs. 1 (0, 2); chest tightness (points): 0 (0, 0), 0 (0, 0) vs. 0 (0, 1); shortness of breath (points): 0 (0, 0), 0 (0, 0) vs. 0 (0, 1); fatigue (points): 0 (0, 1), 0 (0, 1) vs. 1 (0, 1); all P < 0.05]. The improvement rate of X ray and CT image was 42.9% (12/28) and 81.0% (64/79), respectively. Conclusions:The treatment with integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine has good curative effect on common type of COVID -19 in 7 designated hospitals of Henan Province. It can improve the clinical symptoms, promote the absorption of pulmonary inflammation, and to some extent control the progress of disease and shorten the time of turning negative of virus nucleic acid and hospital stay.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 664-670, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866903

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the incidence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and to provide a basis for the standard of COVID-19 syndrome differentiation.Methods:CNKI, China Medical Journal Network, PubMed and Embase databases were searched by computer, and TCM syndrome data of COVID-19 cross-sectional surveys and case series were collected from the establishment of the database to March 31st in 2020. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted relevant data such as TCM syndromes, and evaluated the quality of the literature according to the quality assessment tool recommended by the JBI Evidence-Based Health Care Center. Stata 14.0 software was used to perform a single-group Meta-analysis of TCM syndromes.Results:Thirteen cross-sectional studies and 5 case series studies were included, with a total of 2 139 patients. The analysis of the cross-sectional studies showed that the risk bias was higher in the identification, control and accuracy of the confounding factors, and the description of the reliability and validity of the outcome indicators was unclear. The analysis of the case series studies showed that the overall risk bias was small, but there was a lack of a comprehensive description of the assessment when selecting patients. A total of 33 TCM syndromes of COVID-19 were sorted out by combining the TCM syndromes with the same disease position and pathogenic syndrome in the included 18 literatures, and there were 10 types of TCM syndromes of which the number of occurrences was ≥50, the incidence rate was ≥10%, and had statistical significance [indicated that 95% confidence interval (95% CI) didn't cross the meaningless line 0], including cold dampness syndrome (469 cases, incidence rate was 28.2%, 95% CI was 5.9%-50.6%), damp heat syndrome (247 cases, incidence rate was 32.1%, 95% CI was 10.7%-53.6%), epidemic closed lung syndrome (228 cases, incidence rate was 28.9%, 95% CI was 12.5%-45.2%), pulmonary and spleen Qi deficiency syndrome (202 cases, incidence rate was 22.1%, 95% CI was 9.5%-34.7%), dampness stagnation lung syndrome (180 cases, incidence rate was 41.2%, 95% CI was 18.4%-64.1%), dampness obstructing lung and spleen syndrome (81 cases, incidence rate was 56.3%, 95% CI was 48.1%-64.4%), evil heat syndrome lung syndrome (76 cases, incidence rate was 31.1%, 95% CI was 25.3%-36.9%), dampness-blocking lung and stomach syndrome (70 cases, incidence rate was 13.4%, 95% CI was 10.4%-16.3%), heat poisoning lung closure syndrome (55 cases, incidence rate was 16.9%, 95% CI was 8.3%-25.5%), and Qi-Yin deficiency syndrome (53 cases, incidence rate was 13.7%, 95% CI was 2.7%-24.8%). Subgroup analysis showed that there were 6 types of TCM syndromes that met the above conditions in cross-sectional studies, namely cold and damp lung syndrome (200 cases, incidence rate was 20.9%, 95% CI was 12.6%-29.2%), damp heat syndrome (221 cases, incidence rate was 41.8%, 95% CI was 9.4%-74.2%), dampness-disease lung syndrome (120 cases, incidence rate was 41.4%, 95% CI was 8.6%-74.3%), lung and spleen Qi deficiency syndrome (115 cases, incidence rate was 19.2%, 95% CI was 6.8%-31.7%), heat-fever lung syndrome (76 cases, incidence rate was 31.1%, 95% CI was 25.3%-36.9%) and Qi-Yin deficiency syndrome (53 cases, incidence rate was 13.7%, 95% CI was 2.7%-24.8%). There were 3 kinds of TCM syndromes in case series studies, which were virus closed lung syndrome (133 cases, incidence rate was 44.0%, 95% CI was 24.5%-63.4%), lung and spleen Qi deficiency syndrome (87 cases, incidence rate was 38.7%, 95% CI was 32.3%-45.0%), and dampness and depression lung syndrome (60 cases, incidence rate was 40.6%, 95% CI was 29.3%-52.0%). Conclusions:The TCM syndromes of COVID-19 syndrome were widely distributed and complex. The main TCM syndromes were cold dampness syndrome, damp heat syndrome, epidemic closed lung syndrome, pulmonary and spleen Qi deficiency syndrome, dampness stagnation lung syndrome, dampness obstructing lung and spleen syndrome, evil heat syndrome lung syndrome, dampness-blocking lung and stomach syndrome, heat poisoning lung closure syndrome, Qi-Yin deficiency syndrome, which can provide reference for the standard of TCM syndrome differentiation of COVID-19.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 537-543, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) common syndrome characteristic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), thus providing evidence for clinical differentiation.Methods:The COVID-19 TCM treatment plan and syndrome related literature published before February 24, 2020 was searched and a database was established. TCM common syndrome characteristics of COVID-19 were analyzed by the method of latent structure and system clustering combined with frequency and constituent ratio, which were conducted by Lantern 5.0 and SPSS 20.0.Results:Forty-two literatures about treatment plans, and 212 syndromes records were enrolled. Latent structure model was established based on 53 symptoms with frequency over 10, and 14 latent variables and 7 syndromes were concluded by comprehensive clustering, including syndrome of pathogenic heat invading lung, internal block and outward desertion, syndrome of dampness heat accumulating lung, syndrome of Qi and Yin deficiency, syndrome of epidemic virus closing lung, syndrome of cold dampness closing lung and syndrome of Qi deficiency of lung and spleen. Factor analysis was conducted for 53 symptoms, which were reported more than 10 times, and 14 common factors were obtained. Symptoms with load coefficient over 0.3 were clustered and 6 syndromes were obtained, including syndrome of epidemic virus closing lung, syndrome of pathogenic heat invading lung, syndrome of Qi and Yin deficiency, internal block and outward desertion, syndrome of cold dampness closing lung, and syndrome of dampness heat accumulating lung. The literatures included 25 syndromes, and the syndromes with constituent ratio over 5% were internal block and outward desertion (14.62%), syndrome of epidemic virus closing lung (13.68%), syndrome of dampness heat accumulating lung (12.74%), syndrome of Qi deficiency of lung (10.85%), spleen and syndrome of cold dampness closing lung (8.50%), syndrome of Qi and Yin deficiency (8.50%), syndrome of pathogenic heat invading lung (8.02%) and syndrome of dampness repressing defensive Qi of lung (5.66%). Eighty-seven symptoms whose cumulative frequency was 2 838 were referred, including greasy fur (5.25%), fever (4.83%), red tongue (4.37%), rapid pulse (3.74%) and fatigue (3.46%). According to the results above, the common syndromes and their symptoms of COVID-19 were: ① syndrome of pathogenic heat invading lung: fever, cough, throat-drying, headache, all of the body distressed and constipation, etc.; ② syndrome of cold dampness closing lung: aversion to cold, all of the body distressed, nausea and vomiting, abdominal distention and loose stool, etc.; ③ syndrome of dampness heat accumulating lung: cough, sticky phlegm, anorexia, thirst without desire to drink and constipation, etc.; ④ syndrome of epidemic virus closing lung: fever, cough, yellow phlegm, wheezing, suffocation and purple lips, etc.; ⑤ internal block and outward desertion: coma, feel fidgety, suffocation, sweating and feel cold and purple lips, etc.; ⑥ syndrome of Qi and Yin deficiency: dry cough, sweating, fatigue, thirsty, feverish feeling in palms and soles and loose stool, etc.; ⑦ syndrome of Qi deficiency of lung and spleen: cough, wheezing, sweating, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, and loose stool, et al.Conclusions:The common syndromes of COVID-19 were syndrome of pathogenic heat invading lung, syndrome of cold dampness closing lung, syndrome of dampness heat accumulating lung, syndrome of epidemic virus closing lung, internal block and outward desertion, syndrome of Qi and Yin deficiency and syndrome of Qi deficiency of lung and spleen. This study could provide reference for clinical differentiation.

13.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 351-362, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829091

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Critical effective constituents were identified from Bufei Yishen formula (BYF), a traditional herbal compound and combined as effective-constituent compatibility (ECC) of BYF I, which may have potential bioactive equivalence to BYF.@*METHODS@#The active constituents of BYF were identified using four cellular models and categorised into Groups 1 (Bufeiqi), 2 (Bushen), 3 (Huatan) and 4 (Huoxue) according to Chinese medicinal theory. An orthogonal design and a combination method were used to determine the optimal ratios of effective constituents in each group and the ratios of "Groups 1 to 4" according to their pharmacological activity. We also comprehensively assessed bioactive equivalence between the BYF and the ECC of BYF I in a rat model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).@*RESULTS@#We identified 12 active constituents in BYF. The numbers of constituents in Groups 1 to 4 were 3, 2, 5 and 2, respectively. We identified the optimal ratios of effective constituents within each group. In Group 1, total ginsenosides:Astragalus polysaccharide:astragaloside IV ratio was 9:5:2. In Group 2, icariin:schisandrin B ratio was 100:12.5. In Group 3, nobiletin:hesperidin:peimine:peiminine:kaempferol ratio was 4:30:6.25:0:0. In Group 4, paeoniflorin:paeonol ratio was 4:1. An orthogonal design was then used to establish the optimal ratios of Group 1, Group 2, Group 3 and Group 4 in ECC of BYF I. The ratio for total ginsenosides:Astragalus polysaccharide:astragaloside IV:icariin:schisandrin B:nobiletin:hesperidin:peimine:paeoniflorin:paeonol was determined to be 22.5:12.5:5:100:12.5:4:30:6.25:25:6.25. A comprehensive evaluation confirmed that ECC of BYF I presented with bioactive equivalence to the original BYF.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on the ECC of traditional Chinese medicine formula method, the effective constituents of BYF were identified and combined in a fixed ratio as ECC of BYF I that was as effective as BYF itself in treating rats with COPD.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827510

ABSTRACT

This study aims to apply a new expert system to design removable partial denture (RPD) framework. The RPD design is completed in three steps, namely, "selecting missing teeth", "selecting abutment condition", and "selecting personalized clasp". The system can help auxiliary dentists develop personalized treatment plans to reduce their clinical workload. It can also generate a dental preparation guideline for clinical preparation, which can prevent tooth preparation mistakes. By generating the standard electronic drawings of the framework design, the system can reduce the inconvenience caused by manual drawing, thereby facilitating dentist-technician communication and reducing the rate of remade.


Subject(s)
Dental Abutments , Denture Design , Denture, Partial, Removable , Expert Systems , Tooth
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 413-420, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815838

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is a refractory disease with high mortality in which the host's immune response to the infection is dysfunctional, resulting in life-threatening organ function damage. The pathogenesis of sepsis is complex, involving systemic inflammation, immunosuppressive and coagulation abnormalities, and endothelial barrier damage caused by the infecting pathogenic microorganisms and their toxins. The pathogenesis of sepsis is closely related to multiple systems disorder and multiple organ dysfunction and failure. In recent years, the incidence of sepsis has been increasing globally, with an annual increase of 9%. Since the development of sepsis does not depend on the infecting pathogenic microorganisms and the late inflammatory reaction can be life-threatening, clinical treatment of sepsis can be very difficult. However, the current antibiotic treatments for sepsis are not ideal. Most clinical treatments are not curative, so researchers seek new drug designs based on exploring molecular mechanisms of the pathophysiological process in sepsis patients. This paper reviews the recent development of drugs designed according to the sepsis pathophysiological process.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865765

ABSTRACT

Clinical final examination is an important link in the standardized training of residents in dermatology and quantification of evaluation indicators is one of the important parameters. In this study, the scores of clinical examinations of six candidates who participated in standardized training of residents in dermatology of Sun Yat-Sen University in June 2019 were taken as examples to explore the quantitative indicators of standardized and multi-station clinical final examinations. The indicators contained four stations and five links: skin pathological reading, skin biopsy, medical history collection and physical examination, medical record writing, and comprehensive questioning, which covered the main contents of the standardized training outline of residents in dermatology. Each evaluation indicator was refined and quantified. Finally, heuristic ideas were put forward, including a wider range of standardized and multi-station clinical examinations, introduction of new examination places, and utilization of information technology.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878390

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe and compare the clinical efficacy of CO₂ fractional laser in the early control of scar post-secondary repair in patients with a cleft lip.@*METHODS@#In the treatment group, 43 patients with secondary repair of cleft lip were treated via CO₂ fractional laser. The control group covered 70 patients post-cheiloplasty. The effect in the two groups after six months was compared. The duration from the beginning of the laser treatment to surgery and patient gender were analyzed to determine if they affected the efficacy of the laser treatment for scars.@*RESULTS@#1) The curative effect in the treatment group was better than that in the control group (P<0.000 1), the total effectiveness rate was 90.7% in the treatment group. 2) No significant statistical difference in efficacy was observed between men and women (P=0.487). Moreover, no significant statistical difference in efficacy (P=0.055) was observed among patients one year after surgery, within the duration of <3 months, and within the duration of ≥3 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CO₂ fractional laser had a definite effect on the treatment of scar post-secondary repair in patients with a cleft lip. No significant correlation was observed between treatment effect and patient gender, and no difference was noted among patients one year after surgery. In the beginning of the laser treatment, no difference was observed between the durations of <3 months and ≥3 months after the reconstruction, Therefore, early intervention of scars a year after secondary repair of a cleft lip can achieve good results.


Subject(s)
Carbon Dioxide , Cicatrix/pathology , Cleft Lip/surgery , Female , Humans , Lasers , Male , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 911-914, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822540

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the relationship between the father presence and the mental health diathesis of the middle school students,and to provide a reference for targetedly instructing fathers’ participation into family education.@*Methods@#The participants were selected by using random whole class sampling method and Father Presence Questionnaires (FPQ-R-B), and then 577 junior middle school students were recruited, including high and low level of father presence(HF & LF). Chinese Adolescent Mental Health Diathesis was used to investigate the effect of father presence on eight subscales of mental health diathesis.@*Results@#Single factor ANOVA showed that in the subscales of coping style (2.84±0.52,2.80±0.60), self (2.87±0.56,2.79±0.59), attribution style (2.85±0.56,2.78±0.55) and adaptation (2.92±0.56,2.85±0.59), HF group scored significantly higher than LF group(F=4.32,5.27,7.13,8.62,P<0.05). Simple effect analysis reveals that for girls there was no significant difference between the HF and LF groups (2.87±0.45,2.86±0.48, P>0.05), but for boys the score of the HF group was significantly higher than that of the LF group(2.93±0.34,2.85±0.40)(F=5.93,P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#High level of father presence is related to better performance in coping style, self, attribution style, adaptation, and personality quality, and its impact on personality qualitty shows gender differences.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798631

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the registration characteristics and development trend of clinical trials of pneumoconiosis, analyze the clinical research characteristics and current situation of prevention and treatment pneumoconiosis.@*Methods@#In December 2018, the databases of primary registries certified by International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) , such as Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR) , Clinical Trials. gov, and Japan Primary Registries Network (JPRN) were retrieved. All clinical trials related to pneumoconiosis were included from the database establishment until December 1, 2018, and the characteristics of registered clinical trials were analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 23 clinical trials related to pneumoconiosis were inclued. The number of registrations in China and Brazil are 9 and 3 respectively, while the registration numbers of Clinical Trials. gov and ChiCTR are 10 and 5 respectively. Fourteen trials have been completed; five trials are ongoing, and four trials are unknown for the research progress. Ten trials were for silicosis patients. Eight trials with a sample size less than 50. Twelve trials were randomized controlled trials. Interventions of five clinical trial are pulmonary rehabilitation. There were six trials with a 12-month course of treatment.@*Conclusion@#At present, the number of registered studies in clinical trials of pneumoconiosis is relatively less; the proportion of published clinical research results is low, and some clinical research status is unknown. It should increase the publicity of the registration of clinical trials for pneumoconiosis, improve the awareness of registration and the intensity of research design to promote the development of high-quality clinical trials.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824336

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics and applicability of the quality of life (QOL) evaluation scale for patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Methods The IPF-QOL evaluation scales at home and abroad were retrieved and analyzed comprehensively and deeply in terms of fields, number of items, scoring methods, applicability and correlation. Results In the literature area of IPF-QOL evaluation scale, the contents mainly included symptoms,daily activity ability, psychological activity, social activity, economic status, curative effect, etc, and the IPF health-related quality of life, dyspnea, cough and other symptoms were evaluated; the number of related items was between 5-74, and Likert 5 grade scoring method was mostly adopted,with scoring results of 0-100 points; the classical scoring theory such as reliability, validity, responsiveness, feasibility, etc were mainly used to analyze the scale assessment, lacking the application of modern measurement theory; mostly, the studies were concentrated in foreign countries,and relatively few in China, especially lack of the development of the evaluation scale for the combination of disease and symptoms based on Chinese culture. Conclusion The development of IPF-QOL evaluation scale has become a research hotspot, and in clinical application, it is necessary to base on the different characteristics of the scale to improve the accuracy of the evaluation results; in the scale development process, the standardization, comprehensiveness of assessment, and the rationality of scoring results should be strengthened in order to obtain an effective tool which can be provided and suitable for IPF-QOL evaluation.

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