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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 100-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991915

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impact of malnutrition diagnosed with Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria on the outcomes of patients with primary gastrointestinal lymphoma (PGIL).Methods:Patients with PGIL admitted into Gansu Provincial People's Hospital from January 2014 to July 2022 were retrospectively enrolled. Nutritional risk screening was conducted using Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) scale, and malnutrition was diagnosed as per GLIM criteria. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis were performed to investigate the effect of malnutrition as per GLIM criteria on the outcomes of PGIL patients.Results:A total of 82 patients were included. The phenotypic parameters, including body mass index (BMI), arm circumference, leg circumference and grip strength, were at significantly lower levels in the 28 malnourished patients, compared with the other non-malnourished patients. The median overall survival of patients with malnutrition as per GLIM criteria was 10 months, while that of patients without malnutrition was 41 months, showing significant differences between groups. The univariate analysis revealed that age, loss of muscle mass, tumor stage based on Lugano classification and malnutrition as per GLIM criteria were the impacting factors for survival in patients with PGIL. The multivariate analysis further demonstrated that tumor stage based on Lugano classification and malnutrition as per GLIM criteria were the independent impacting factors for survival in patients with PGIL.Conclusion:Malnutrition based on GLIM criteria is an independent risk factor for unfavorable outcomes in patients with PGIL and could be utilized as a prognostic indicator.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1287-1302, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971755

ABSTRACT

Establishment of vaginal immune defenses at the mucosal interface layer through gene vaccines promise to prevent infectious diseases among females. Mucosal barriers composed of a flowing mucus hydrogel and tightly conjugated epithelial cells (ECs), which represent the main technical difficulties for vaccine development, reside in the harsh, acidic human vaginal environment. Different from frequently employed viral vectors, two types of nonviral nanocarriers were designed to concurrently overcome the barriers and induce immune responses. Differing design concepts include the charge-reversal property (DRLS) to mimic a virus that uses any cells as factories, as well as the addition of a hyaluronic acid coating (HA/RLS) to directly target dendritic cells (DCs). With a suitable size and electrostatic neutrality, these two nanoparticles penetrate a mucus hydrogel with similar diffusivity. The DRLS system expressed a higher level of the carried human papillomavirus type 16 L1 gene compared to HA/RLS in vivo. Therefore it induced more robust mucosal, cellular, and humoral immune responses. Moreover, the DLRS applied to intravaginal immunization induced high IgA levels compared with intramuscularly injected DNA (naked), indicating timely protection against pathogens at the mucus layer. These findings also offer important approaches for the design and fabrication of nonviral gene vaccines in other mucosal systems.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1175-1187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970431

ABSTRACT

In order to determine the changes of bacterial community structure and function in the early, middle and late stage of aerobic composting of chicken manure, high-throughput sequencing and bioinformatics methods were used to determine and analyze the 16S rRNA sequence of samples at different stages of composting. Wayne analysis showed that most of the bacterial OTUs in the three composting stages were the same, and only about 10% of the operational taxonomic units (OTUs) showed stage specificity. The diversity indexes including Ace, Chao1 and Simpson showed a trend of increasing at first, followed by decreasing. However, there was no significant difference among different composting stages (P < 0.05). The dominant bacteria groups in three composting stages were analyzed at the phylum and genus levels. The dominant bacteria phyla at three composting stages were the same, but the abundances were different. LEfSe (line discriminant analysis (LDA) effect size) method was used to analyze the bacterial biological markers with statistical differences among three stages of composting. From the phylum to genus level, there were 49 markers with significant differences among different groups. The markers included 12 species, 13 genera, 12 families, 8 orders, 1 boundary, and 1 phylum. The most biomarkers were detected at early stage while the least biomarkers were detected at late stage. The microbial diversity was analyzed at the functional pathway level. The function diversity was the highest in the early stage of composting. Following the composting, the microbial function was enriched relatively while the diversity decreased. This study provides theoretical support and technical guidance for the regulation of livestock manure aerobic composting process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Manure/microbiology , Chickens/genetics , Composting , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Soil , Bacteria/genetics
4.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 218-222, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929763

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the early efficacy and safety of pomalidomide-based regimen in relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM) in the real world.Methods:The clinical data of 15 patients with relapsed/refractory MM treated with pomalidomide-based regimen who were admitted to Gansu Provincial Hospital from January 2021 to July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, and the early efficacy and safety were also evaluated.Results:There were 8 males and 7 females, and the median age of onset of 15 patients was 60 years (43-83 years); the median time for the diagnosis of relapse and refractory was 15 months (4-84 months). All 15 patients previously received bortezomib-based treatment regimens, 9 patients previously received lenalidomide treatment, and 7 cases received autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. All patients received pomalidomide-based regimen combined with two-drug or three-drug regimen (pomalidomide combined with bortezomib,daratumumab,bendamustine, dexamethasone, cyclophosphamide or lenalidomide). The median treatment cycle was 2 cycles (2-4 cycles). After 2 cycles of treatment, the therapeutic efficacy was evaluated; the overall response rate was 73% (11/15), including 3 cases of complete remission, 3 cases of very good partial remission, and 5 cases of partial remission. Hematological toxicity occurred in 9 patients, of which 5 cases had grade 3-4 hematological toxicity, 4 cases had grade 1-2 hematological toxicity, and other adverse reactions were mild and tolerable.Conclusion:Pomalidomide-based regimen is effective and safe for relapsed/refractory MM patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 364-371, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806446

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyses the antimicrobial resistance and molecular characterization of 21 MRSA isolates cultured from retail foods from different provinces in China, and evaluate the molecular typing methods.@*Methods@#Twenty-one MRSA isolates were obtained from national foodborne pathogen surveillance network in 2012 (Chinese salad, n=3; milk, n=1; cake, n=2; rice, n=1; cold noodle, n=1; spiced beef, n=1; dumpling, n=1; packed meal, n=1; salad, n=1; raw pork, n=9). The antimicrobial resistance of 21 strains to 12 antimicrobial agents was tested by broth dilution method. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing were performed to obtain the genetic types of MLST (ST) and spa typing. The clonal complex (CC) was assigned by eBURST soft and the MLVA type (MT) and MLVA complex (MC) were identified via the database of the MLVA website (http://www.mlva.net). SmaI pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (SmaⅠ-PFGE) was also carried out to obtain the PFGE patterns of 21 strains. The genetic diversity and discriminatory power of typing were calculated by the Simpson's index of diversity (diversity index, DI) to find out the best genotyping method for MRSA.@*Results@#All MRSA isolates showed multi-drug resistance(MDR), and were resistant to oxacillin, benzylpenicillin, clindamycin and erythromycin, and 71.4% (15/21), 47.6% (10/21), 42.9% (9/21) and 28.6% (6/21) of the MRSA isolates were resistant to tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and gentamicin, respectively. Moreover, one strain was found to be resistant to all three antimicrobials of levofloxacin, moxifloxacin and rifampicin. Great diversity was found in these food-associated MRSA (6 STs, 7 spa types, and 9 MTs). PFGE patterns were more diverse than those of other three molecular typing methods (19 pulse types). The index of diversity (DI) of PFGE, MLVA, spa typing and MLST was 0.99, 0.80, 0.73, and 0.61, respectively. Among the MRSA isolates, CC9-ST9-t899-MT929-MC2236 (PFGE Cluster Ⅴ) was the most prevalent clone, which were all cultured from raw pork (9 isolates). Besides, two MRSA were identified as CC59-ST338-t437-MT621-MC621 (PFGE Cluster Ⅳ). Different clone had their own resistance spectrum profiles.@*Conclusion@#The food-borne MRSA isolates were all MDR in this study. Different clones had their own resistance spectrum profiles. MLVA represented a promising tool for molecular epidemiology tracing of MRSA in foodborne disease events.

6.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1336-1339, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691957

ABSTRACT

Objective To test the clinical validity of use of the Chinese version of Munro adult pressure ulcer risk-assessment scales (Munro scales),Braden scales,Qian Weiming operation pressure ulcer risk-assessment scales (self-designed scales) in the patients with general anesthesia surgery.Methods Three investigators respectively used the Munro scales,Braden scales and self-designed scales to conduct the pressure ulcer risk-assessment on 261 patients with general anesthesia surgery before operation,at the end of operation and at exiting from anesthesia recovery room.The sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value and negative predictive value of each assessment tool were calculated.Results The best critical values of the Munro scales before operation,at the end of operation and at exiting from anesthesia recovery room were 8.0,24.5,28.5 points respectively;which of the Braden scale were 18.5,11.5,13.5 points respectively;which of self-made scale were 12.5,13.5,13.5 points respectively.The area under the ROC curve of the three different scales at the beginning of the operation above was 0.653,0.596,0.652.The area under the ROC curve of the three different scales at the end of the operation above was 0.872,0.548,0.792.The areas under the ROC curve of the three different scales before operation were 0.868,0.773 and 0.813 respectively.Conclusion The Chinese version of Munro scales is more suitable for the assessment of operative patient's pressure ulcer risk than the Braden scale and self-designed scales,but the preoperative risk assessment needs to be improved.

7.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 835-838, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667335

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the short-term clinical efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasy in treating aged patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures in a field comprehensive operation rescue shelter at the disaster site.Methods The clinical data of 43 aged patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (51 diseased vertebrae in total),who received treatment during the period from April 2013 to August 2016 in a field comprehensive operation rescue shelter at the disaster site,were retrospectively analyzed.After injury,the patients were immediately sent to the field comprehensive operation rescue shelter,which was developed by authors' institute,to receive percutaneous kyphoplasy.The average operation time,preoperative and postoperative pain visual analogue scale (VAS) scores,the manifestations of Cobb'angle of the corresponding segment that was determined on lateral radiography,and the changes in anterior,middle and posterior height of the vertebrae were documented.Results The average operation time was (52.34±14.76) min.The postoperative VAS scores were significantly decreased when compared to the preoperative ones (P<0.01).After percutaneous kyphoplasy,the Cobb'angle of the coresponding segment of injured vertebrae was obviously improved (P<0.01),moreover,the anterior,middle and posterior height of the injured vertebrae was remarkably restored (P<0.01).Conclusion In treating osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures in aged patients,percutaneous kyphoplasy,that is used as an emergency treatment and is carried out in a field comprehensive operation rescue shelter,is quite effective.This treatment can reliably relieve the severe pain caused by compression fracture and improve the prognosis as well.

8.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 518-521, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613611

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the short-term effect of Sextant system fixation for thoracolumbar fractures without neurological deficit in the field comprehensive operation rescue shelter.Methods There were 32 patients with thoracolumbar fractures without neurological deficit which rescued by our hospital.Those patients included 18 males and 14 females, with average age of (25.54±2.86) years old.All patients were undergoing internal fixation with Sextant system in the field comprehensive operation rescue shelter.Clinical and surgical evaluation including surgery time,intraoperative blood loss,postoperative ambulation time and wound healing time were observed.Functional outcomes of pre-operation and postoperation 3-days were evaluated by visual analog scale(VAS) and Oswestry disability index(ODI).Cobb angle and front height of fracture vertebral body were compared between pre-operation and postoperation 3-days.Results The operation time was (96.55±14.15)minutes, intraoperative blood loss was (45.25±3.55)mL, postoperative ambulation time was (1.20±0.61)days.There were statistical differences in terms of Cobb angle,front height of fracture vertebral body,VAS and ODI between pre-operation and postoperation 3 days.Conclusion The Sextant system fixation in the field comprehensive operation rescue shelter is a timely,safe and effective method for thoracolumbar fractures without neurological deficit,which is deserved to utilize at the scene when war or disaster urgency treatment.

9.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 252-255, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512938

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the recent clinical efficacy of percataneous pedicle screw internal fixation for thoracolumbar fractures without neurological deficit in the new field comprehensive operation rescue shelter at the war or disaster treatment place.Methods Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 29 patients with thoracolumbar fractures who were rescued by our hospital.Those patients included 18 males and 11 females,with the average age of (31.54±2.86) years old.All these patients underwent percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation in the new field comprehensive operation rescue shelter.Clinical and surgical evaluation including surgery time,blood loses,exercise time after operation and complications.Functional outcomes of pre-operation and post-operation were evaluated by visual analog scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI).Cobb's angle and fracture vertebral body front height were compared before and after operation as well.Results All these patients were all successfully completed operation in the field comprehensive operation rescue shelter,and the general post-operation condition was well.The operation time was (86.55±16.15)min,the blood loss was (42.35±6.55)mL,the exercise time after operation was (1.20±0.61) days.There was no complications after operation, and pain of thoracolumbar after operation was obviously alleviated.There was statistical differences in terms of Cobb's angle,fracture vertebral body front height,VAS score and ODI score between pre-operation and post-operation (P<0.05).Conclusion The percataneous pedicle screw internal fixation in the new field comprehensive operation rescue shelter is a quite effective method for thoracolumbar fractures without neurological deficit, and this method is worthy of promoting at the scene when war or disaster urgency treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 354-358, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451354

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the maturation status of monocytes and their responses to the stimulation of toll like receptor (TLR) ligands during primary HIV-1 infection, and to further understand the correlation between functional status of monocytes and disease progression during primary HIV -1 infection. Methods Peripheral blood mononuclear cells ( PBMCs) were collected from 35 subjects with primary HIV-1 infection and 13 HIV-negative healthy subjects to isolate monocytes .Monocytes were stimulated with LPS and Pam3CSK4, respectively, and cultured for 20 hours.The expression of activaion/inhibitory markers on monocytes were analyzed by flow cytometry before and after stimulation .The secretion of proinflammatory cy-tokines ( IL-1β, TNF-αand IL-6) by stimulated monocytes were detected by ELISA .Results The expres-sion of activation markers CD80, CD86, CD40 and inhibitory marker PD-L1 on monocytes were increased in subjects with primary HIV-1 infection (P<0.001 except for CD86 P=0.01).The level of CD40 was posi-tively correlated with viral load in plasma (P<0.001, R=0.553).Compared with control group, primary HIV-1 infection group showed a less increase in the expression of HLA-DR, CD80, CD86 and PD-L1 on monocytes after stimulation with LPS and Pam3CSK4 (P<0.001), but the secretion of proinflammatory cyto-kines TNF-α(LPS:P=0.004, Pam3CSK4:P=0.012) and IL-6 (LPS:P=0.006) were enhanced in mono-cytes from patients with primary HIV-1 infection.Conclusion Monocytes were activated during primary HIV-1 infection.They secreted higher level of proinflammatory cytokines after stimulation with TLR ligands , indicating monocytes might play a role in microbial translocation and immune activation during HIV -1 infection .

11.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 736-739, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442136

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of preoperative systemic chemotherapy combined with regional intraarterial chemoembolization in the treatment of locally advanced gastric cancer.Methods Clinical data of 158 patients of locally advanced gastric receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy cancer from January 2008 to July 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.Patients were divided into two groups:those who received preoperative systemic chemotherapy plus regional intraarterial chemoembolization (group A,n =78) and those who received preoperative systemic chemotherapy (group B,n =80).Radical resection was perfomed after 3 to 4 weeks.Results The overall satisfactory rate was significantly higher (60%) in group A compared with 42% in group B (x2 =6.136,P <0.05).The incidence rate of toxicity reaction (except nausea) and postoperative conplications such as anastomotic leakage,intestinal obstruction,poor wound healing,abdominal infection and pulmonary infection were all lower in group A than in group B (all P < 0.05),while the incidence rate of nausea was higher in group A than in Group B (x2 =16.458,P < 0.01).There was no perioperative mortality related to neoadjuvant therapy in two groups.Conclusions Preoperative systemic chemotherapy combined with regional intraarterial chemoembolization was associated with better efficacy,and fewer toxicity reactions and postoperative complications in the treatment of locally advanced gastric cancer.

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