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1.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 443-448, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868031

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the myocardial reserve effect in rabbits′ model of myocardial inshemia-reperfusion by layer-specific strain of speckle tracking imaging and low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography(LDDSE).Methods:Forty rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: ischemia-reperfusion group (IR group) and pharmacological postconditioning group (ATP-PostC group). Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline, 60 min after ligation (before and after dobutamine stress), and 120 min after reperfusion (before and after dobutamine stress). The size of each chamber was measured and the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) was calculated and the heart rate was recorded. The longitudinal strain of endocardium(SLsys-endo), longitudinal strain of myocardium(SLsys-mid), longitudinal strain of epicardium(SLsys-epi) were acquired. Triphenyl tetrazolium chloride(TTC) and Evans blue staining were applied in two rabbits randomly selected from each group at 60 min after ligation, dobutamine stress and 120 min after reperfusion, respectively.Results:①After coronary artery ligation, LVEF decreased in both groups( P<0.05), SLsys-endo, SLsys-mid, and SLsys-epi decreased in two groups( P<0.01). After low dose dobutamine stress, the SLsys-endo, SLsys-mid and SLsys-epi in the two groups increased, which was different from that after lagation( P<0.05). ②After 120 min reperfusion, the longitudinal strain of the myocardium of both groups increased compared with that after lagation( P<0.01, P<0.05), and the increase in ATP-PostC group was significantly higher than that in IR group( P<0.01). There was no significant difference between the IR group and the first LDDSE( P<0.05). After LDDSE again, the SLsys-endo and SLsys-mid in the two groups further increased, which was different from that after reperfusion ( P<0.05). And the SLsys-endo and SLsys-mid were higher in ATP-PostC group than those in IR group ( P<0.05). ③Pathological results showed that there was no significant difference in myocardial infarct size between IR group and ATP-PostC group at 60 min after ligation ( P>0.05). After 120 min reperfusion, the percentage of myocardial infarct size in the IR group was significantly higher than that in the ATP-PostC group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Layer-specific strain of STI combined with LDDSE can early detect regional myocardial dysfunction and accurately assess myocardial reserve function, and with endocardial longitudinal strain being more sensitive.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 421-426, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868023

ABSTRACT

Objective:To classify the ultrasound features of ovarian tumors by modified gynecology imaging reporting and data system(mGI-RADS), and explore the clinical value of mGI-RADS in differentiating of benign and malignant tumors.Methods:The 242 ultrasound images of the adnexal mass from 221 patients with ovarian tumor who underwent ultrasound scan and proceeded surgeries in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from September 2017 and December 2019 were involved in the retrospective analysis and compared with the pathological results. According to the latest ultrasound terminology for adnexal masses proposed by the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA), the adnexal masses were classified. The suspeted malignant sings were screened for mGI-RADS. Using GI-RADS and mGI-RADS classification systems, all the adnexal masses were double-blindly classified by two senior doctors and their diagnostic efficiencies were evaluated.Results:Among the suspected malignant signs proposed by IOTA, resistance index (RI)<0.5, central blood flow signal, ascites, irregular cystic wall with uneven thickness separation, mass composition (solid component ≥30% and silent shadow attenuation), and papillary structure≥7 mm, showed retatively higher OR values(14.282, 10.372, 9.653, 8.832, 5.851, 4.506, respectively. Using GI-RADS and mGI-RADS classification systems, the diagnostic consistency by the two senior doctors in differentiating benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms was good(Kappa=0.767, P<0.05). Grade Ⅳ was divided into three subtypes (Ⅳa, Ⅳb, Ⅳc) by the mGI-RADS, and their positive predictive values for malignant ovarian masses were 69.0%, 90.4% and 92.9% respectively. When a cut-off value >mGRⅣ was used to distinguish the benign and malignant adnexal tumors, the AUC was the largest, and its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy were 93.4%, 93.1%, 90.4%, 95.2% and 93.2%, respectively. Conclusions:The mGI-RADS has a high clinical value in the differential diagnosis of ovarian tumors.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1808-1812,1816, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800562

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the associated factors and the independent risk factors for portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in cirrhotic patients and assess the influences of anticoagulation on esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EGVB) in these patients.@*Methods@#From January 2012 to December 2012, 239 cirrhotic patients were diagnosed in our hospital. According to the presence or absence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT), they were divided into thrombus group (33 cases) and control group (206 cases). According to the presence or absence of EGVB in thrombus group, they were divided into bleeding group (10 cases) and non bleeding group (23 cases). According to whether anticoagulant therapy was used in thrombus group, they were divided into anticoagulant group (10 cases) and non anticoagulant group (23 cases). The risk factors of each group and its control group were observed and compared.@*Results@#The thrombus group had a lower level of the albumin (ALB) , higher level of count of platelet (PLT), diameter of main portal vein (MPV), propotion of diabetes prevalence and history of splenectomy compared with the control group (P<0.01). According to unconditional logistic regression analysis, both the PLT and the diameter of MPV were identified as independent risk factors for PVT in cirrhotic patients (P=0.009, 0.001; OR=1.006, 16.858). There were significant differences in the degree of varicose veins and the proportion of sequential endoscopic treatment between the bleeding group and the control group (P<0.05). Moreover, the group treated with anticoagulant drugs and the group without anticoagulation were followed up and observed for 1 year, which showed no significant changes in the bleeding ratio between two groups [40% (4/10) versus 26.1% (6/23), P>0.05].@*Conclusions@#⑴ PLT, ALB, MPV, and a history of diabetes or splenectomy are risk factors for cirrhosis combined with PVT, and PLT and MPV are independent risk factors. ⑵ The incidence of EGVB increased with the increasing severity of esophagogastric varicose vein. The endoscopic variceal sequential treatment can contribute a significant reduction of EGVB in cirrhosis complicated by PVT. ⑶ Anticoagulant therapy may not raise the incidence of EGVB in cirrhotic patients with PVT.

4.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 538-543, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754841

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the changes of myocardial viability and systolic function in rabbits with different ischemic periods by layer‐specific strain of ultrasound speckled tracking imaging ( ST I) and low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography ( LDDSE ) . Methods T hirty‐six rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups( n =12) : ①myocardial infarction group Ⅰ :coronary artery occlusion for 45 min ; ②myocardial infarction group Ⅱ :coronary artery occlusion for 60 min ; ③ myocardial infarction group Ⅲ :coronary artery occlusion for 90 min . Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline ,after ligation and low dose dobutamine stress . After the experiment ,rabbits were killed and the hearts were taken to assess viable or nonviable mycardium , triphenyl tetrazolium chloride and Evans blue staining were applied . Results ①After coronary artery ligation ,left ventricular ejection fraction( LVEF) decreased in 3 groups ( all P < 0 .05 ) , the ventricular global endocardial longitudinal strain ( GSLsys‐endo ) , global myocardial longitudinal strain( GSLsys‐mid) ,and global epicardial longitudinal strain( GSLsys‐epi) decreased in 3 groups ( all P < 0 .05 ) ,the longitudinal strain of endocardium ( SLsys‐endo ) ,longitudinal strain of myocardium ( SLsys‐mid) ,longitudinal strain of epicardium ( SLsys‐epi) decreased in viable myocardial ( all P<0 .05) ; ②While low dose dobutamine stressing ,the GSLsys and SLsys increased in each groups ,and the GSLsys‐endo ,GSLsys‐mid ,GSLsys‐epi and SLsys‐endo of viable segments in each group were increased ( P<0 .05) ; ③After ligation and low dose dobutamine stress ,the GSLsys in endocardium in three groups were different( P <0 .05) ,and the SLsys in endocardium of viable segments in three groups were different ( P<0 .05) . Conclusions Layer‐specific strain of STI combined with LDDSE can accurately evaluate the changes of myocardial viability and systolic function in different ischemic periods ,and the longitudinal strain of endocardium is more sensitive ;moreover ,with the increase of coronary artery occlusion time ,the infarcted myocardium increases ,myocardial viability and systolic function decrease .

5.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 439-443, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754825

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of abnormalities and adverse reactions of intrauterine device ( IUD) by three‐dimensional transvaginal ultrasound ,and guide the correct selection of IUD . Methods Female volunteers who came to our hospital for health check‐up from July 2016 to February 2018 were selected as subjects to obtain information of the belt loop time and number of loops . T hree‐dimensional transvaginal ultrasound was used to observe and record the IUD types and positions . T he incidence of location abnormalities ,adverse reactions and cervical lesions of differnet types of IUD were retrospectively analyzed . Results T wo thousand one hundred and thirteen eligible subjects were included in the study ,including 423 cases of McuIUD ,506 cases of circular ring ,405 cases of uterine ring ,372 cases of T‐ring and 407 cases of γ ring . T he statistical analysis showed that the incidence of adverse reactions after wearing rings was as high as 34 .07% ,and the adverse reaction rate of different IUD was different . McuIUD had the highest incidence of adverse reactions ,compared with the circular ring ,the uterine ring ,the T‐ring , and the γ ring ( 47 .99% vs 25 .88% ,27 .41% ,37 .10% ,33 .66% ; all P < 0 .05 ) . Different IUD had different incidence of adverse reactions . T he low back pain rate in McuIUD and γ ring were higher than the other 3 IUDs . T he low back pain rate of McuIUD was higher than the circular ring ,the uterine ring and the T‐ring ( 23 .4% vs 15 .71% ,14 .07% ,13 .7 1% ; all P < 0 .01 ) . Different types of IUD had different incidence of location anomalies . T he descending rate of the circular ring was higher than that of the McuIUD and γ ring ( 6 .32% vs 3 .30% ,3 .19% ; all P< 0 .05 ) ,and no statistically significant difference compared with the uterine ring and T‐ring ( 6 .32% vs 3 .45% ,4 .30% ; all P >0 .05 ) . T he incarceration rate of the mother ring was higher than that of the circular ring ,uterine ring and T‐ring ( 3 .07% vs 0 ,0 .25% ,0 .54% ;all P <0 .01) . T he intrauterine rotation rate of uterine ring and γ ring were higher than that of McuIUD , circular ring and T‐ring ( all P <0 .01) . Pregnancy >1 and ring times ≥2 were related with the occurrence of adverse reactions of IUD ( P < 0 .05 ) . T he incidence of cervical erosion in the T‐ring was the highest compared with the McuIUD ,circular ring ,uterine ring ,and γ ring ( 30 .65% vs 16 .78% ,16 .80% ,18 .02% , 17 .69% ; all P <0 .01) . Conclusions The incidence of adverse reactions is higher in women with different types of IUD . T he incidence of different types of abnormal IUD position is different . T he frequency of pregnancy and band ring are related to the occurence of adverse veactions to IUD .

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1808-1812,1816, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824306

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the associated factors and the independent risk factors for portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in cirrhotic patients and assess the influences of anticoagulation on esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EGVB) in these patients.Methods From January 2012 to December 2012,239 cirrhotic patients were diagnosed in our hospital.According to the presence or absence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT),they were divided into thrombus group (33 cases) and control group (206 cases).According to the presence or absence of EGVB in thrombus group,they were divided into bleeding group (10 cases) and non bleeding group (23 cases).According to whether anticoagulant therapy was used in thrombus group,they were divided into anticoagulant group (10 cases) and non anticoagulant group (23 cases).The risk factors of each group and its control group were observed and compared.Results The thrombus group had a lower level of the albumin (ALB),higher level of count of platelet (PLT),diameter of main portal vein (MPV),propotion of diabetes prevalence and history of splenectomy compared with the control group (P < 0.01).According to unconditional logistic regression analysis,both the PLT and the diameter of MPV were identified as independent risk factors for PVT in cirrhotic patients (P =0.009,0.001;OR =1.006,16.858).There were significant differences in the degree of varicose veins and the proportion of sequential endoscopic treatment between the bleeding group and the control group (P < O.05).Moreover,the group treated with anticoagulant drugs and the group without anticoagulation were followed up and observed for 1 year,which showed no significant changes in the bleeding ratio between two groups [40%(4/10) versus 26.1% (6/23),P > 0.05].Conclusions (1) PLT,ALB,MPV,and a history of diabetes or splenectomy are risk factors for cirrhosis combined with PVT,and PLT and MPV are independent risk factors.(2) The incidence of EGVB increased with the increasing severity of esophagogastric varicose vein.The endoscopic variceal sequential treatment can contribute a significant reduction of EGVB in cirrhosis complicated by PVT.(3) Anticoagulant therapy may not raise the incidence of EGVB in cirrhotic patients with PVT.

7.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 16-18, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455139

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the use of antibacterial drugs in tension -free inguinal hernia repair before and after the 2012 National clinical use of antibiotics special management ,providing the basis for the rational use of antimicrobial drugs and standardized management .Methods Retrospectively investigate the antimicrobial ap-plication in patients undergoing tension-free inguinal hernia repair and discharged from July to September in 2011-2013,and analyzed the timing of administration ,usage,type and treatment time of antimicrobial drugs .Results There were respectively 93.24%,47.76%and 27.59%of patients in the three groups administrated prophylaxis antibacte-rial drugs,and respectively 9.19%,65.67%and 85.08%of patients with indications .The first wound healing rates were respectively 94.59%,98.51% and 96.55%.The rates of reasonable choice of medicines 70.60%,96.88%and 91.67%,respectively;the rates of reasonable timing for medication were 71.01%,81.25%and 70.83%,respec-tively;the rates of reasonable courses of prophylaxis therapy were 33.33%,56.25% and 58.33% respectively. Conclusion The principle of no preventive antibiotics use in tension-free inguinal hernia repair is operable .After en-actment of special management of antibacterial drugs ,the level of preventive medication for tension-free inguinal herni-a repair is improved greatly .However ,it still needs to strengthen the management of antimicrobial prophylaxis timing and overall prophylaxis treatment course .

8.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 14-16, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422288

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the clinical effects of laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) and transabdominal hysterectomy (TAH).MethodsOne hundred and twenty-six cases operated with hysterectomy were classified into LAVH group and TAH group by random digits table with 63 cases each.The operation time,intraoperative bleeding amount,exhaust time,hospitalization time and postoperative complications were observed and compared.ResultsThe operation time,intraoperative bleeding amount,exhaust time and hospitalization time was ( 115.6 ± 13.8 ) min,(92.5 ± 11.3 ) ml,(21.8 ±4.8) d and (6.1 ± 1.7) d in LAVH group,( 82.5 ± 8.7) min,( 112.3 ± 17.8) ml,(28.9 ± 6.2) d and (9.6 ±2.2) d in TAH group,there were significant differences between two groups (P<0.05).The incidence of incision pain,delayed wound healing,vaginal stump infection,thrombophlebitis,and gastrointestinal disorders was 9.5%(6/63),0,1.6%(1/63),0 and 7.9%(5/63) in LAVH group,which was significantly lower than that in TAH group [52.4%(33/63),7.9%(5/63),11.1%(7/63),7.9%(5/63) and 22.2% ( 14/63 ) ] (P < 0.05).ConclusionCompared with TAH,LAVH can shorten exhaust time,hospitalization time,reduce intraoperative bleeding amount,decrease complication rate,which can be further applied in clinic.

9.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 516-518, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385588

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the pediatric emergency medical mode in critical ill children by pediatrics specialty and nurses,using equipments of ICU for adults in second class general hospital. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the effect of establishing the pediatric observation unit in the adult observationdistrict and the prognosis and disease spectrum of pediatric critical patients in our emergency ICU in the past five years. Results 5 076 pediatric patients had been admitted to the emergency observation unit accounting for 3.40% of outpatient yearly. There were 464 critically ill children,accounting for 9. 14% of children into the observation unit,251 cases (54. 09%) were transported to other hospitals,35 cases (7.54%) were admitted to emergency ICU due to transport high-risk, 14 cases required ventilator support. The disease spectrum based mainly on childhood accident,including trauma,poisoning and drowning,etc. The other major diseases were severe infection and fulminant myocarditis. After the treatment such as stopping bleeding, respiratory supporting ,correcting shock, and maintaining the function of important organs,77. 14 % were improved or recovered. The survival rate of children with mechanical ventilation was > 85%. Conclusion In our country,the pediatric emergency medical service system is inadequate. The critical illness treatment model of using the advantages of equipments and nurse' s team of adult ICU in second class general hospital ,combining with pediatrician trained in PICU is feasible and consistents with our national conditions.

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