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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2906-2909, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999226

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for clinically safe and rational drug use through mining and analyzing adverse drug event (AE) signals induced by valproic acid (VPA). METHODS Reporting Odds Ratio (ROR) and Bayesian Confidence Propagation Neural Network (BCPNN) methods of Measures of Disproportionality were performed to mine and analyze the data of VPA-related AE reports in the US FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database from the first quarter of 2013 to the fourth quarter of 2022. RESULTS A total of 1 253 (ROR) and 1 109 (BCPNN) valid signals of preferred terms (PT) were obtained after data processing by the two analysis methods, involving 27 system organs (SOC), mainly focusing on nervous system disorders, psychiatric disorders, general disorders and administration site conditions. Signals that did not appear in the instruction were associated with 2 SOCs: ear and labyrinth disorders, infections and infestations. CONCLUSIONS As a first-line broad-spectrum anti-epileptic drug, attention should also be paid to eye toxicity and infection risk in the clinical application in addition to paying attention to common adverse events in the instruction.

2.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 634-637, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996922

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between plasma inflammatory factors [IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, IL-17, IL-23, TNF-α, TGF-β, IFN-γ, C-reactive protein (CPR) CCL-5] and hand-foot syndrome in colorectal cancer patients after taking capecitabine. Methods 35 colorectal cancer patients treated with capecitabine were collected and the degree of severity was divided according to the hand-foot syndrome grading diagnostic criteria. The concentrations of inflammatory factors in plasma were determined by ELISA kits. Results The standard curve of all inflammatory cytokines were linear (r>0.9900), and plasma concentrations of inflammatory cytokines in patients with colorectal cancer were determined. The concentration of TNF-α changed obviously, which had reference value. Conclusion The concentrations of different inflammatory factors were different and the concentration of TNF-α was closely correlated with the severity of hand-foot syndrome.

3.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 48-52, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995178

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any effect of pelvic floor muscle training and/or attention training on pelvic floor function and women′s symptoms of stress urinary incontinence (SUI).Methods:Fifty incontinent women were divided into a control group ( n=25) and an experimental group ( n=25). Both groups received conventional pelvic muscle rehabilitation training, but the experimental group was additionally provided with attention training for 6 weeks. Before and after the 6 weeks of treatment, both groups were evaluated using surface electromyography of the pelvic floor. The short form of the International Urinary Incontinence Advisory Committee′s urinary incontinence questionnaire (ICIQ -SF) was used to assess the severity of incontinence and quality of life (I-QOL). Results:Before the treatment there was no significant difference between the 2 group′s pelvic floor myographs, nor in their average ICIQ-SF and I-QOL scores. After the treatment, however, compared with the control group, significant improvement was observed in experimental group′s peak amplitude during rapid contraction, average EMG in tonic contraction and endurance contraction. Their average ICIQ-SF and I-QOL scores were also better.Conclusion:Supplementing pelvic floor muscle training with attention training can effectively improve the urinary continence and the life quality of women with stress urinary incontinence.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2278-2282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988791

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the implementation of insulin centralized volume-based procurement policy (hereinafter referred to as “centralized procurement”) in our hospital and its effect on the use of insulin products in clinical. METHODS The manufacturer, specifications, usage, sales amount and agreed purchase volume of insulin products in our hospital before (July 4, 2021 to January 3, 2022) and after (July 4, 2022 to January 3, 2023) the centralized procurement were collected. The defined daily dose (DDD) method was used to calculate defined daily doses (DDDs), defined daily cost (DDC), the progress of procurement completion and actual cost saving. RESULTS After the centralized procurement, the number of insulin products had increased from 20 to 29 in our hospital; except for the Insulin degludec/aspart injection in our hospital’s original insulin catalog that had not been centrally purchased, all other existing varieties had been included in centralized procurement catalog. The use of Insulin aspart 30 injection produced by Novo Nordisk (China) Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. always ranked the first place in the list of usage and DDDs before and after the centralized procurement. The sales amount of Insulin glargine injection produced by Ganli Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. and Tonghua Dongbao Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. increased significantly due to the significant increase in usage. The centralized procurement of Degu insulin injection from Novo Nordisk (China) Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. had achieved a relatively high completion rate in our hospital’s original insulin catalog, while the completion rate for new varieties was low. After the centralized procurement, our hospital actually saved a total of 1 388 582.66 yuan in expenses. CONCLUSIONS After the centralized procurement, the selection and usage of insulin varieties in our hospital are reasonable, which saves patients’ insulin treatment costs, and reduces economic pressure on patients and society.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 146-151, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991922

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the association of appendicular skeletal muscle mass(ASM) to fat mass(FM) ratio in early pregnancy with the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Methods:A total of 468 pregnant women who visited the Nutritional Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital or Shunyi Maternal and Child Care Service Center in 2018 and 2019 were recruited. Detailed information and clinical data were collected. The body components were measured using the bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) method during early pregnancy (< 14 weeks) and the ASM to FM ratio was calculated. The patients were divided into the GDM group and normal glucose tolerance (NGT) group according to the results of the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) performed during 24-28 weeks. Binary logistics regression was used to explore the correlation between the ASM/FM ratio and the risk of GDM. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve of subjects was used to evaluate the predictive value of ASM/FM ratio for GDM and the cut-off value was reported.Results:Compared to the NGT group, the ASM and FM in early pregnancy in the GDM group were significantly higher, while the ASM/FM ratio was significantly lower. A lower ASM/FM ratio in early pregnancy was one of the risk factors of developing GDM. The cut-off value of the ASM/FM ratio was 0.809. The area under the ROC curve for predicting GDM increased from 68.1% to 72.3% when ASM/FM ratio was incorporated, with a significant difference by Delong test ( P = 0.006). Conclusion:Inadequate muscle mass would increase the risk of GDM and the ASM/FM ratio could serve as a predictor of GDM.

6.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 385-388, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907188

ABSTRACT

The therapy of relapsed/refractory lymphoma is still a challenge, and high-dose chemotherapy combined with autologous stem cell transplantation, new drugs and cellular immunotherapy are the main treatment options. In recent years, the emergence of reduced intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and alternative donor have made allo-HSCT become a valuable option for relapsed/refractory lymphoma. The features of the disease, patients' clinical characteristics, selection of alternative donors, conditioning regimen and the management of transplantation-related complications affect the survival of patients after transplantation. The data of allo-HSCT in the treatment of relapsed/refractory lymphoma are mainly derived from retrospective reports of various transplantation centers, and a large number of prospective clinical trials are desperately needed to explore. There are still no consensus for the selection criteria of transplant patients, the timing of transplantation, the selection of graft source and transplantation conditioning. This paper reviews the current progress of the application of allo-HSCT in relapsed/refractory lymphoma.

7.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 332-337, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910843

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to investigate the influence of staple food type on glucose levels in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Methods:The drawing lots method was used for randomized grouping. The subject inclusion criteria were being a pregnant woman and diagnosed with GDM at 24-28 weeks gestation. Anyone with severe internal or external disease, previous abnormal glucose metabolism, smoking history, multiple pregnancies, or poor compliance was excluded. Twenty pregnant women were enrolled and were randomized to receive meals and snacks consisting of wholegrain flour products and tuber vegetables (control group) or wholegrain rice (intervention group) for 4 weeks. In the administration of the meals, energy supply, energy distribution, and nutrient level were matched between the two groups. A continuous glucose monitoring system was used for monitoring glucose level, and postprandial glycemia (incremental area under the curve) was measured after lunch and dinner.Results:A total of 17 women with GDM completed the study (8 in group A and 9 in group B). After the dietary intervention, the compliance rate of blood glucose in groups A and B was (89.20±6.06)% and (90.61±5.25)%, and glycated albumin was (12.46±0.84)% and (12.46±0.84)%, respectively ( P>0.05). Moreover, there were no significant differences in cesarean section rate or perinatal complications between the two groups. The incremental area under the curve of glucose within 2 hours after lunch [(137.3±84.4) vs(111.0±78.9)] and dinner [(137.0±87.7) vs (111.0±74.8)] were both significantly lower in the intervention group compared with the control group, which indicates a more stable postprandial glucose response to GDM with wholegrain rice. Conclusion:The intervention diet used in this study showed good glucose control for GDM pregnancies; a diet with wholegrain rice as the staple food led to more stable postprandial glucose response than a diet with wholegrain flour products and tuber vegetables as the staple food.

8.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 202-206,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882327

ABSTRACT

Objective:Hyperoxia is a necessary therapy in some neonatal diseases, and long-term therapeutic hyperoxia may induce severe damaging effects on intestinal epithelial cells.The aim of this study was to investigate whether hyperoxia could promote the expression of ASK1 and P38 in intestinal epithelial cells through ROS.Methods:The human colon adenocarcinoma cell line Caco-2 cells were treated with different concentrations of H 2O 2(100 μmol/L, 200 μmol/L and 400 μmol/L)and 85% oxygen in vitro.The expression of ASK1 was detected by immunofluorescence, and the expression of P38 and p-P38 were detected by Western Blot and Real-time PCR. Results:With the increase of H 2O 2 concentration, the fluorescence intensity of ASK1 increased.The fluorescence intensity of ASK1 in the hyperoxia group was significantly stronger than that of the control group and the H 2O 2 groups.With the increase of H 2O 2 concentration(100 μmol/L、200 μmol/L、400 μmol/L), the expression of P38 protein(0.21±0.02, 0.28±0.13, 0.44±0.07)and p-P38 protein(0.09±0.02, 0.19±0.03, 0.37±0.07)gradually increased.The expression of P38 mRNA in 200 μmol/L and 400 μmol/L H 2O 2 groups(4.03±0.68、3.94±0.71)was significantly higher than that in 100 μmol/L H 2O 2 group(3.05±0.47)( P<0.01). The expressions of P38 protein, p-P38 protein and P38 mRNA in the hyperoxia group were significantly higher than those in the H 2O 2 group( P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the expressions of P38 protein, p-P38 protein and p38 mRNA in the hyperoxia group and H 2O 2 groups increased significantly( P<0.01). Conclusion:The expression of ASK1 and P38 in intestinal epithelial cells increased significantly under hyperoxia, which indicated that hyperoxia might activate ASK1 and thereby regulate the expression of downstream P38 through ROS, resulting in intestinal epithelial cells damage.

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 886-890,895, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867333

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of ozone combined with sodium hyaluronate injection in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis and its effect on inflammatory factors and hemorheology in patients.Methods:146 patients with knee osteoarthritis who received treatment in our hospital from October 2016 to February 2019 were selected and divided into observation group and control group according to the random number table method, 73 cases in each group.In the experimental group, intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate combined with ozone was used, while in the control group, glucosamine hydrochloride tablets were routinely taken and intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate was performed. Patients in both groups were treated once a week for 5 consecutive weeks for a course of treatment. General data of patients in the two groups were analyzed, and the efficacy, visual analogue scale (VAS) score and hospital for special surgery knee score (HSS) before and after treatment, levels of inflammatory factors and changes in hemorheology indexes were compared between the two groups.Results:There was no significant difference in general data between the two groups ( P>0.05). Before treatment, there was no significant difference in VAS score and HSS score between the two groups ( P>0.05). After treatment, VAS score and HSS score in the two groups were significantly decreased and increased respectively ( P<0.05). Compared with the control group, VAS score was significantly decreased and HSS score was significantly increased in the observation group after treatment ( P<0.05). The total effective rate in the observation group was higher than that in the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Before treatment, there was no significant difference in the levels of inflammatory factors vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 in the articular fluid between the two groups ( P>0.05). After treatment, the above indexs in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of inflammatory cytokines in the articular fluid of the two groups were lower than before ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in hemorheology indexes between the two groups before treatment ( P>0.05), and the two groups were significantly improved after treatment, and the degree of improvement in the observation group was significantly better than that in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Ozone combined with sodium hyaluronate intra-articular injection is more effective in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis, which can effectively reduce the level of inflammatory factors and inflammatory response, improve hemorheology, and then reduce the pain of patients, improve the knee joint function.

10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 312-315, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869855

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of leptin on pyroptosis in hippocampal cells during brain injury in a rat model of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).Methods:Fifty-four clean-grade male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 12 weeks, weighing 200-250 g, were divided into 3 groups( n=18 each)by a random number table method: sham operation group (S group), OLT-induced brain injury group (Liver group) and leptin group (Lep group). The model of OLT was established according to the " two-cuff" technique in anesthetized rats in Liver and Lep groups.The perihepatic ligament was only isolated and freed in S group.Leptin 1 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected immediately after portal vein occlusion in Lep group.The equal volume of normal saline was intraperitoneally injected at the same time point in S group and Liver group.Twelve rats in each group were selected on day 3 after surgery and sacrificed, and the hippocampal tissues were obtained for examination of the pathological changes (with a light microscope) and for determination of the expression of NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), caspase-1, interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), IL-18 and gasdermin D (GSDMD) mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction) and expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD (by Western blot). Morris water maze test was performed in the remaining 6 rats in each group on day 30 after surgery. Results:Compared with S group, the count of viable neurons in hippocampi was significantly decreased, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD protein and mRNA was up-regulated, the time of staying at the platform quadrant was shortened, and the escape latency was prolonged in Liver and Lep groups ( P<0.05). Compared with Liver group, the count of viable neurons in hippocampi was significantly increased, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD protein and mRNA was down-regulated, the time of staying at the platform quadrant was prolonged, and the escape latency was shortened in Lep group ( P<0.05). The pathological changes of hippocampal tissues were significantly attenuated in Liver group when compared with Lep group. Conclusion:The mechanism by which leptin reduces brain injury is related to inhibiting pyroptosis in hippocampal cells in a rat model of OLT.

11.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 515-520, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869272

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the association of maternal nutrition status in the first trimester with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and macrosomia.Methods:378 pregnant women who took prenatal care in Shunyi Women′s and Children′s Hospital of Beijing Children′s Hospital were enrolled in the study. Blood samples were collected at first prenatal visit (<12 gestation weeks) to measure the level of hemoglobin and iron status indexes including serum iron, ferritin, transferrin, total iron binding capacity, iron saturation, transferrin saturation. The incidence of GDM and macrosomia were collected and Logistic regression was used to evaluate the associations of maternal nutrients status in the first trimester with GDM and macrosomia.Results:The incidence rate of GDM was16.9%,the incidence of anemia and iron deficiency in the first trimester were2.4% and 2.5%, respectively. After adjustment for variables such as maternal age, pre-pregnancy BMI, family history of diabetes, and parity, Logistic regression showed that in the first trimester, iron saturation>50% ( OR=0.238, 95% CI 0.068-0.831), transferrin saturation>50% ( OR=0.08, 95% CI 0.010-0.677) were protective factors of GDM; iron saturation 25%-50% ( OR=0.361, 95% CI 0.143-0.908); transferrin saturation 25%-50% ( OR=0.383, 95% CI 0.165-0.891); ferritin>30 ng/ml ( OR=0.418, 95% CI0.186-0.939) were protective factors of macrosomia. Conclusion:Maternal iron status in the first trimester might be associated with GDM and macrosomia. Thus, maternal iron status assessment in the first trimester is necessary.

12.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 50-53, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863974

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between serum glutamate levels and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in children and its impact on the prognosis.Methods A total of 92 children with ROP who were screened and treated at Henan Provincial Eye Hospital from June 2017 to June 2018 and 50 healthy preterm infants screened at Henan Provincial Eye Hospital were selected for clinical control study.Ninety-two children with ROP were divided into the mild ROP group and the severe ROP group according to the stage of lesions,and they were divided into the progressive group and the spontaneous regression group according to whether the disease was progressive.The severity of ROP and prognosis were analyzed by measuring serum glutamate levels in 1 week and 6 weeks after birth.Results The serum glutamate concentration in the severe ROP group was the highest in the first week after birth [(122.08 ± 14.55) mmol/L] and in the 6th week after birth [(107.13 ± 13.20) mmol/L],followed by the mild ROP group[(98.60 ± 14.48) mmol/L,(85.41 ± 14.49) mmol/L] separately,and the lowest in the control group[(68.52 ±7.69) mmol/L,(54.97 ± 6.31) mmol/L] separately,and there were significant differences among the 3 groups (all P < 0.05).Pearson correlation analysis showed that serum glutamate concentration was positively correlated with the severity of ROP at 1 week and 6 weeks after birth (r =0.869,0.875,all P < O.05).The levels of serum glutamate at the first week after birth and at the 6th week after birth in the progressive group [(107.18 ± 17.62) mmol/L,(92.94 ±16.21) mmol/L] were significantly higher than those in the spontaneous regression group[(131.53 ± 10.22) mmol/L,(118.82 ± 8.18) mmol/L],and there were significant differences between the 2 groups (all P <0.05).The area under the curve(AUC) values of serum glutamate concentration at 1 week after birth and 6 weeks after birth were 0.855and 0.936,respectively,according to the receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve,while the optimal critical valuesof serum glutamate concentration at 1 week and 6 weeks after birth were 117.83 mmol/L (sensitivity was 0.909,specificity was 0.728) and 106.69 ng/L (sensitivity was 1.000,specificity was 0.790),respectively.Conclusions The serum glutamate concentration was positively correlated with the severity of ROP infants in 1 week and 6 weeks after birth.The optimal threshold of serum glutamate concentration in 1 week and 6 weeks after birth was more sensitive and specific in predicting the progression of retinopathy,and had higher value in evaluating the prognosis of the infants.

13.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 50-53, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798733

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between serum glutamate levels and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in children and its impact on the prognosis.@*Methods@#A total of 92 children with ROP who were screened and treated at Henan Provincial Eye Hospital from June 2017 to June 2018 and 50 healthy preterm infants screened at Henan Provincial Eye Hospital were selected for clinical control study.Ninety-two children with ROP were divided into the mild ROP group and the severe ROP group according to the stage of lesions, and they were divided into the progressive group and the spontaneous regression group according to whether the disease was progressive.The severity of ROP and prognosis were analyzed by measuring serum glutamate levels in 1 week and 6 weeks after birth.@*Results@#The serum glutamate concentration in the severe ROP group was the highest in the first week after birth[(122.08±14.55) mmol/L] and in the 6th week after birth [(107.13±13.20) mmol/L], followed by the mild ROP group[(98.60±14.48) mmol/L, (85.41±14.49) mmol/L] separately, and the lowest in the control group[(68.52±7.69) mmol/L, (54.97±6.31) mmol/L] separately, and there were significant differences among the 3 groups (all P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that serum glutamate concentration was positively correlated with the severity of ROP at 1 week and 6 weeks after birth (r=0.869, 0.875, all P<0.05). The levels of serum glutamate at the first week after birth and at the 6th week after birth in the progressive group [(107.18±17.62) mmol/L, (92.94±16.21) mmol/L]were significantly higher than those in the spontaneous regression group[(131.53±10.22) mmol/L, (118.82±8.18) mmol/L], and there were significant differences between the 2 groups (all P<0.05). The area under the curve(AUC) values of serum glutamate concentration at 1 week after birth and 6 weeks after birth were 0.855 and 0.936, respectively, according to the receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve, while the optimal critical values of serum glutamate concentration at 1 week and 6 weeks after birth were 117.83 mmol/L (sensitivity was 0.909, specificity was 0.728) and 106.69 ng/L (sensitivity was 1.000, specificity was 0.790), respectively.@*Conclusions@#The serum glutamate concentration was positively correlated with the severity of ROP infants in 1 week and 6 weeks after birth.The optimal threshold of serum glutamate concentration in 1 week and 6 weeks after birth was more sensitive and specific in predicting the progression of retinopathy, and had higher value in evaluating the prognosis of the infants.

14.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 24-29, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790827

ABSTRACT

As a traditional Chinese medicine ,Anemarrhena saponin is one of the main components in Anemarrhena . Many pharmacological activities were reported in recent literatures ,such as anti-tumor ,anti-senile dementia ,improving learn-ing and memory ,anti-clotting ,anti-thrombus ,reducing blood glucose and lipid ,anti-depression ,lowering blood pressure ,and so on .In this paper ,the pharmacological effects of the Anemarrhena saponin were summarized in four aspects which are anti-tumor ,central nervous system ,cardiovascular system and endocrine system to provide an important basis for further develop-ment of Anemarrhena .

15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 137-142, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238175

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect and clinical value of auricular point sticking for the diagnosis and treatment of vasospasm and vagus reflex during radial artery puncture, including radial artery spasm (RAS) and coronary artery spasm (CAS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 480 patients were randomized into an observation group (224 cases) and a control group (256 cases). Percutaneous coronary intervention and usual care in perioperative period were used in the control group. Auricular point sticking was began to apply 12 h before percutaneous coronary intervention in the observation group at Jiaogan (AH), Shenmen (TF), Pizhixia (AT), Neifenmi (CO), Xin (CO), Shen (CO), Shenshangxian (TG), 1 min a time every point, once every 2 h, 12 h before and after operation. The incidences of vasospasm and vagus reflex during piercing process were compared, and the usage ratios of vasoactive agent were recorded, including glyceryl trinitrate, dopamine and atropine injections.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of angiospasm was 4.9% (11/224) in the observation group, which was lower than 13.3% (34/256) in the control group (<0.01). The incidence of vagal reflex of the observation group was 7.1% (16/224), which was lower than 19.5% (50/256) of the control group (<0.01). The usage ratios of glyceryl trinitrate, atropine and dopamine injections were 3.6% (8/224), 7.1% (16/224), 6.3% (14/224) respectively in the observation group, which were lower than 14.8% (38/256), 15.6% (40/256), 15.2% (39/256) in the control group (all<0.01). .</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Auricular point sticking achieves effect for the diagnosis and treatment of vasospasm and vagus reflex during radial artery puncture.</p>

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 710-713, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700602

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of WeChat group in nursing teaching in neurology department.Methods 159 cases of nursing undergraduate interns in Neurology Department were randomly divided into 2 groups.The control group used the traditional teaching method while the experimental group adopted WeChat group aided teaching management on the basis of traditional teaching methods,with effect evaluation after 5 weeks practice.SPSS 19.0 was used for chi-square test and t test.Results In both two groups of nursing students,scores of theory opera-tion were obviously improved (P<0.05),and the experimental group theory results,operation ability and satisfaction were higher than the control group (P<0.05),and the frequency of occurrence of adverse events was significantly lower than the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion WeChat group is conducive to improv-ing the quality of nursing teaching as well as students' overall quality,which is worthy of further promotion.

17.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 291-295, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806352

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of combined nano-fat and structural fat transplantation for periocular rejuvenation, such as fine wrinkle, darkness and volume loss.@*Methods@#Structural fat was harvested by Coleman′s structural fat grafting technique from thigh and was grafted at different layers for depression correction. Nano-fat was harvested by Tonnard′s nano-fat technology from thigh and was injected smoothly intradermally and subcutaneously for correction of fine wrinkle and darkness.@*Results@#The patients were followed up for 3—12 months, 6 months in average. Satisfactory result was achieved in 42 cases after only one operation. No complication happened. 2 cases was unsatisfied due to upper eyelid fullness. 4 cases didn′t get improvement in periocular darkness.@*Conclusions@#Combined nano-fat and structural fat transplantation are effective for periocular rejuvenation, including depression deformity and skin darkness.

18.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 422-425, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692683

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the effects of early vitamin D supplementation on interleukin-2(IL-2), IL-4 and immunoglobulin in premature infants with infectious diseases.Methods A total of 66 patients with infectious diseases in our hospital were selected for this study.According to the random number table method, they were divided into the observation group(37 cases)and the control group(29 cases).Patients in the con-trol group were given conventional anti infection treatment while feeding powdered formulas,on this basis,pa-tients in the observation group were given vitamin D from the third day after birth.Compared the serum levels of 25-(OH)D,IL-2,IL-4 and immunoglobulin between the two groups during the treatment period.Results Before treatment,there were no significant differences in serum 25-(OH)D and IL-2,IL-4 levels between the two groups(P>0.05).After the treatment of 4 d and 12 d,the serum levels of 25-(OH)D and IL-2,in the ob-servation group were significantly higher than those in the control group,and the IL-4 was significantly lower than that in the control group,the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).There were no significant differences in IgA,IgM and IgG levels between the two groups of preterm infants before treatment and after the treatment of 4 d and 12 d(P>0.05).At the same time,the premature infants in two groups also did not appear obvious adverse reactions during the treatment period,the clinical medication was safe and reliable. Conclusion For premature infants with infectious diseases,early vitamin D supplementation could effectively improve the levels of serum 25-(OH)D and IL-2,reduce the level of IL-4,so that the immune resistance has been significantly improved,to ensure the clinical efficacy of anti infective treatment is very favorable.The ear-ly vitamin D supplementation on the humoral immune globulin level has not been effectively confirmed.

19.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 282-286, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615961

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects and mechanisms of prenatal hypoxia on vasomotor functions of fetal rats.Methods Sixteen pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups:control and hypoxia groups (eight in each group).Rats in the hypoxia group were provided with 10.5% of oxygen from gestation day 5 to 21,while those in the control group were exposed to normoxic condition.Fetuses were removed from the pregnant rats by cesarean section on gestational day 21.Fetal body weight,blood gas and electrolyte levels were measured.Thoracic aorta rings were separated from fetal rats and used in different vascular function tests.Effects of hypoxia during pregnancy on angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang Ⅱ)-mediated vasoconstrictions and acetylcholine (Ach)-mediated vasodilatations in fetal thoracic aortas were measured.Changes in vasomotor functions were observed after both endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-Name) and L-type calcium channel (LTCC) inhibitor nifedipine were administered.T-test and two-way analysis of variance were used for statistical analysis.Results (1) Compared with the control group,fetal body weight [(4.40±0.23) vs (3.33±0.42) g,t=2.871],blood partial pressure of oxygen [(50.64±2.17) vs (42.50-±-2.32) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa),t=-2.618] and blood oxygen saturation [(58.95±1.97)% vs (47.73±2.24)%,t=3.564] in the hypoxia group were significantly reduced (all P<0.05).(2) Compared with the control group,Ang Ⅱ-mediated vasoconstrictions increased,but Ach-mediated vasodilatations in fetal thoracic aortas decreased in the hypoxia group (both P<0.05).L Name induced stronger Ang Ⅱ-mediated contractions in thoracic aortas in the control group than that in the hypoxia group (P<0.05).However,nifedipine decreased Ang Ⅱ-induced contractions,especially in the hypoxia group (P<0.05).Conclusions Maternal hypoxia during pregnancy not only affects the growth and development of fetuses but also changes their blood vessel functions,which may be related to the change of LTCC and the impairment of eNOS.

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Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 512-516, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809025

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the value of super microvascular imaging(SMI) for evaluating the effect of interventional therapy of liver cancer.@*Methods@#A total of 30 patients with 40 leisions were enrolled in this study, from the tumor intervention department in the third affiliated hospital of suzhou university.This patients were underwent TACE, after the treatment 1 month, CDFI, SMI, and CT were study respectively. Using the continuity correction McNemar matching chi-square test, with P < 0.05 for the standard , CDFI and SMI shows the difference in monitoring the microvascular imaging in and around the tumors leisions.@*Results@#A total of 30 patients, 12 cases were primary liver cancer (7 cases combined with liver cirrhosis), 18cases were metastatic liver cancer; 30 cases including 25 single and 5 multiple. Significant difference were found between CT and SMI in detecting blood flows inside the lesion (χ² = 8.642 9, P < 0.05), and were also found between CT and CDFI in detecting blood flows inside the lesion (χ² = 16.961 5, P < 0.05). The AUROC, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, PPV and NPV of CDFI were 0.647, 29.4%、100%、29.4%、100%、20.0%, while in SMI were 0.809, 61.8%、100%、61.7%、100%、31.5%, respectively.@*Conclusions@#SMI SMI can detect the microvascular inside the lesions. This new method was superior to CDFI, achieving the same effect as CT.

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